With Subsequent Reforming Patents (Class 208/60)
  • Patent number: 10081774
    Abstract: Systems and processes for the production of fuel and fuel blends involve the production of fuels for blending with one or more alcohols such as ethanol and/or butanol. A method for producing a fuel blend includes blending a light distillate product from an oil refinery with butanol. The fuel blending can be at the oil refinery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignee: Butamax Advanced Biofuels LLC
    Inventors: James J. Baustian, Adam J. Schubert, Paul Beckwith
  • Patent number: 9777229
    Abstract: A process and apparatus is for recycling LCO and/or HCO to an FCC unit to recover additional distillate. Spent catalyst recycle in the FCC unit may be used to improve distillate yield. A hydroprocessing zone may saturate cycle oil aromatics for cracking in an FCC unit. The recycle cracked stream may be recycled to a downstream hydroprocessing zone to avoid a first hydroprocessing zone for hydrotreating feed to the FCC unit. Additional recovery of cycle oil for recycle is obtained by heating slurry oil prior to vacuum separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Lev Davydov
  • Patent number: 9464240
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure include methods for producing aromatic products, the methods including separating a crude oil and condensate feed into at least a light naphtha stream, a heavy naphtha stream, and a bottoms stream, reforming at least a portion of the heavy naphtha stream to produce a reformate stream, feeding a cracker feed stream, comprising the light naphtha stream, the bottoms stream, and a reformate extraction raffinate, to an olefins cracker to produce cracker products comprising pyrolysis gasoline, and introducing an extractor feed stream comprising the pyrolysis gasoline and the reformate to an aromatic extraction unit to produce an aromatic product and the reformate extraction raffinate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignees: Lyondell Chemical Technology, L.P., Equistar Chemicals, LP
    Inventors: Robert S. Bridges, Steven T. Coleman
  • Patent number: 9243195
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for recovering cycle oil from FCC CSO is described. By feeding the additional cycle oil to a hydrocracking unit additional diesel, naphtha and petrochemical feedstock may be obtained. The additional cycle oil is obtained by vacuum separation of the CSO. The described process and apparatus can provide additional recovery for a refiner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2016
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Jibreel A. Qafisheh, Boyd E. Cabanaw, Xin X. Zhu
  • Patent number: 9193644
    Abstract: A process for selectively dealkylating aromatic compounds includes providing a coal tar stream comprising aromatic compounds and hydrotreating the coal tar stream to reduce a concentration of one or more of organic sulfur, nitrogen, and oxygen in the coal tar stream, and to hydrogenate at least a portion of the aromatic compounds in the coal tar stream. The process further includes hydrocracking the hydrotreated coal tar stream to further hydrogenate the aromatic compounds and to crack at least one ring of multi-ring aromatic compounds to form single-ring aromatic compounds. The single-ring aromatic compounds present in the hydrocracked stream are then dealkylated to remove alkyl groups containing two or more carbon atoms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Stanley J. Frey, Paul T. Barger, Maureen L. Bricker, John Q. Chen, Peter K. Coughlin, James A. Johnson, Joseph A. Kocal, Matthew Lippmann, Vasant P. Thakkar, Kurt M. Vanden Bussche
  • Patent number: 9181500
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for recycling LCO and/or HCO to a hydroprocessing zone to saturate aromatics for cracking in an FCC unit is disclosed. The recycle cracked stream may be recycled to a downstream hydroprocessing zone to avoid a first hydroprocessing zone that is primarily for demetallizing (and desulfurizing) feed to the FCC unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Xin X. Zhu, Trung Pham, Selman Z. Erisken, Haiyan Wang, David X. Wu
  • Patent number: 9162943
    Abstract: A method of processing a coal feed to produce aromatic hydrocarbon compounds includes providing a coal tar stream and converting the coal tar stream to a conversion product comprising at least olefins, paraffins, and aromatics. The process further includes separating the olefins and C5? paraffins from the conversion product, and contacting the separated olefins and the C5? paraffins with a catalyst to dehydrogenize, oligomerize, and cyclize the olefins and the C5? paraffins, to form aromatic hydrocarbon compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: John Q. Chen, Peter K. Coughlin, Stanley J. Frey, James A. Johnson, Vasant P. Thakkar
  • Patent number: 9115041
    Abstract: A reforming process using a medium pore zeolite under conditions to facilitate the conversion of C8 paraffinic compounds to para-xylene is provided. Para-xylene is produced at greater than thermodynamic equilibrium concentrations using the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Cong-Yan Chen, Stephen J. Miller, James N. Ziemer
  • Patent number: 9067853
    Abstract: A process for selectively dealkylating aromatic compounds includes providing a coal tar stream comprising aromatic compounds and hydrotreating the coal tar stream to reduce a concentration of one or more of organic sulfur, nitrogen, and oxygen in the coal tar stream, and to hydrogenate at least a portion of the aromatic compounds in the coal tar stream. The process further includes hydrocracking the hydrotreated coal tar stream to further hydrogenate the aromatic compounds and to crack at least one ring of multi-ring aromatic compounds to form single-ring aromatic compounds. The single-ring aromatic compounds present in the hydrocracked stream are then dealkylated to remove alkyl groups containing two or more carbon atoms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Stanley J. Frey, Paul T. Barger, Maureen L. Bricker, John Q. Chen, Peter K. Coughlin, James A. Johnson, Joseph A. Kocal, Matthew Lippmann, Vasant P. Thakkar, Kurt M. Vanden Bussche
  • Patent number: 9061955
    Abstract: A method of processing a coal feed to produce aromatic hydrocarbon compounds includes providing a coal tar stream and converting the coal tar stream to a conversion product comprising at least olefins, paraffins, and aromatics. The process further includes separating the olefins and C5? paraffins from the conversion product, and contacting the separated olefins and the C5? paraffins with a catalyst to dehydrogenize, oligomerize, and cyclize the olefins and the C5? paraffins, to form aromatic hydrocarbon compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: John Q. Chen, Peter K. Coughlin, Stanley J. Frey, James A. Johnson, Vasant P. Thakkar
  • Publication number: 20150136646
    Abstract: A process is provided for producing a heavy lubricating base oil by hydrocracking a lubricating oil feedstock at high yield. The lubricating oil feedstock contains a hydroprocessed stream that is difficult to process using a conventional catalyst system. The catalyst used in the process includes a mixed metal sulfide catalyst that comprises at least one Group VIB metal and at least one Group VIII metal. The process also provides for hydroisomerization and hydrofinishing process steps to prepare the lubricating base oil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Bi-Zeng Zhan, Horacio Trevino, Theodorus Ludovicus Michael Maesen, Guan-Dao Lei
  • Publication number: 20150136659
    Abstract: A coal tar process is described. A coal tar stream is provided, and the coal tar stream is separated to provide a plurality of hydrocarbon streams. At least one of the hydrocarbon streams is hydroprocessed in a fluidized bed hydroprocessing zone with a catalyst to provide a gaseous volatile product and a solid heavy hydrocarbon product absorbed onto the catalyst. The gaseous volatile product is separated from the catalyst. The catalyst is regenerating by separating the absorbed heavy hydrocarbon product from the catalyst. The regenerated catalyst is recycled into the hydroprocessing zone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 26, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Paul T. Barger, Maureen L. Bricker, Joseph A. Kocal, Matthew Lippmann
  • Publication number: 20150141535
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to the modification of the hydrocarbon production sequence of operations including the Fischer-Tropsch process for the production of hydrocarbon fuels in an efficient manner, along with the production of commercially valuable co-products from by-products of the hydrocarbon production process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventor: Steve Kresnyak
  • Publication number: 20150119614
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for hydrocracking a primary hydrocarbon feed and a diesel co-feed in a hydrocracking unit and hydrotreating a diesel product from the hydrocracking unit in a hydrotreating unit. The diesel stream fed through the hydrocracking unit is pretreated to reduce sulfur and ammonia and can be upgraded with noble metal catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2015
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Peter Kokayeff, Paul R. Zimmerman
  • Publication number: 20150114882
    Abstract: There is provided a method for dewaxing a hydrocarbon oil for improving the life of a hydroisomerization catalyst. An aspect of a method for dewaxing a hydrocarbon oil according to the present invention comprises: a first step of subjecting a hydrocarbon oil in which a peroxide value is 100 ppm by mass or more to hydrotreating to obtain a material to be treated in which a peroxide value is 30 ppm by mass or less; and a second step of subjecting the material to be treated in which a peroxide value is 30 ppm by mass or less to hydroisomerization treatment using a hydroisomerization catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: JX NIPPON OIL & ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshiyuki Nagayasu, Kazuaki Hayasaka, Marie Iwama
  • Publication number: 20150104364
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to processes using a new crystalline molecular sieve designated SSZ-96, which is synthesized using a 1-butyl-1-methyl-octahydroindolium cation as a structure directing agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Applicant: CHEVRON U.S.A. INC.
    Inventor: Saleh Ali ELOMARI
  • Publication number: 20150060328
    Abstract: A lubricant base oil that is a hydrocarbon oil that satisfies any of the following conditions (i), (ii) and (iii): (i) a hydrocarbon oil having a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of 3.0 to 5.0 mm2/s, a viscosity index of 145 or more, and an SBV viscosity at ?20° C. of 3,000 to 60,000 mPa·s, (ii) a hydrocarbon oil having a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of 5 to 9 mm2/s, a viscosity index of 155 or more, and an SBV viscosity at ?20° C. of 3,000 to 30,000 mPa·s, and (iii) a hydrocarbon oil having a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of 2.0 to 3.0 mm2/s, a viscosity index of 130 or more, and an SBV viscosity at ?30° C. of 1,000 to 30,000 mPa·s.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 1, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: JX NIPPON OIL & ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kazuo Tagawa, Kazuaki Hayasaka
  • Publication number: 20150060327
    Abstract: A lubricant base oil that is a hydrocarbon oil having a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of 2.0 to 9 mm2/s, a viscosity index of 130 or more, a freezing point of ?30 to ?5° C., and an SBV viscosity at ?20° C. of 1,000 to 60,000 mPa·s, in which the freezing point of the lubricant base oil is higher by 10° C. or more than a freezing point of raffinate obtained by bringing the lubricant base oil into contact with urea and removing paraffin that can be included in the urea.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 1, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: JX NIPPON OIL & ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kazuo Tagawa, Kazuaki Hayasaka
  • Publication number: 20150060332
    Abstract: A method for producing a lubricant base oil, the method comprising a first step of fractionating, from a hydrocarbon oil containing a base oil fraction and a heavy fraction that is heavier than the base oil fraction, the base oil fraction and the heavy fraction, and a second step of obtaining a dewaxed oil by isomerization and dewaxing of the base oil fraction fractionated in the first step, wherein a hydrocracked oil obtained by hydrocracking the heavy fraction fractionated in the first step is returned to the first step.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: JX NIPPON OIL & ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Marie Iwama, Kazuaki Hayasaka, Yoshiyuki Nagayasu, Koshi Takahama
  • Patent number: 8936715
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of manufacturing high quality lube base oil (Group III) from unconverted oil having various properties obtained in a variety of hydrocrackers using improved catalytic dewaxing and hydrofinishing, the method including producing unconverted oil of at least one kind in the same or different hydrocrackers; subjecting the unconverted oil to vacuum distillation; supplying all or part of the distillate fractions to a catalytic dewaxing reactor; supplying the dewaxed oil fraction to a hydrofinishing reactor; and stripping the hydrofinished light oil fraction, wherein make-up hydrogen is supplied upstream of the hydrofinishing reactor to increase hydrogen partial pressure, thereby enabling high quality base oil to be manufactured at high yield under optimal process conditions using unconverted oil produced by hydrocracking under various conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: SK Innovation Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kyung Seok Noh, Yong Woon Kim, Gyung Rok Kim, Jae Wook Ryu, Sun Hyuk Bae, Tae Young Jang, Sun Choi, Seung Hoon Oh
  • Patent number: 8927796
    Abstract: This invention discloses a process for making high viscosity index lubricating base oils having a viscosity index of at least 110 by co-feeding a ketone or a beta-keto-ester feedstock with a lubricant oil feedstock directly to a hydrocracking unit to produce a hydrocracked stream. Then at least a portion of the hydrocracked stream is treated under hydroisomerization conditions to produce a high viscosity index lubricating base oil. The process may involve bypassing a hydrotreating or hydrofinishing step, which may result in improved efficiency and economics in producing high viscosity index lubricating base oils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Stephan Joseph Miller, Sven Ivar Hommeltoft, Saleh Ali Elomari
  • Patent number: 8921633
    Abstract: In a hydrocarbon upgrading process, a hydrocarbon feed is treated in at least one of a steam cracker, catalytic cracker, coker, hydrocracker, and reformer under suitable conditions to produce a first stream comprising olefinic and aromatic hydrocarbons. A second stream composed mainly of C4 to C12+ olefinic and aromatic hydrocarbons is recovered from the first stream and blended said second stream with a residual fraction from a steam cracker or an atmospheric or vacuum distillation unit to produce a third stream. The third stream is then catalytically pyrolyzed in a reactor under conditions effective to produce a fourth stream having an increased benzene and/or toluene content compared with said second stream and a C3-olefin by-product. The C3-olefin by-product is recovered and benzene and/or toluene are recovered from the fourth stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Larry L. Iaccino, Stephen M. Davis, Steven E. Silverberg
  • Publication number: 20140319023
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for producing a gas oil composition which contains a cracked base gas oil with a poor oxidation stability but is enhanced in oxidation stability resulting in less sludge or deposit formation. The method comprises blending 0.5 to 15 percent by volume of a cracked reformed base oil having a total aromatic content of 80 to 100 percent by volume, a bicyclic aromatic content of 40 to 95 percent by volume, a 10 vol. % distillation temperature of 160 to 250° C. and a 90 vol. % distillation temperature of 260 to 330° C. and 10 to 70 percent by volume of a cracked base gas oil thereby producing a gas oil composition with an induction period of 60 minutes or longer, a sulfur content of 10 ppm by mass or less and a cetane number of 45 or greater.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: JX NIPPON OIL & ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shunta Sagawa, Yasuyuki Iwasa, Shinichiro Yanagawa
  • Patent number: 8853474
    Abstract: A biocomponent feedstock can be hydroprocessed using a hydrogen-containing refinery as a source of hydrogen gas. A relatively low cost catalyst, such as a water gas shift catalyst and/or spent hydrotreating catalyst, can be used as a hydrogenation catalyst for the process. The hydroprocessing can allow for olefin saturation and/or deoxygenation of the biocomponent feed by using a relatively low value refinery stream, e.g., containing from about 20 mol % to about 60 mol % hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Patrick L. Hanks, Edward S. Ellis
  • Publication number: 20140291204
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for conducting a hydrocracking or a hydrotreating process in a microchannel reactor. This invention also relates to a process and apparatus for flowing a vapor and liquid into a plurality of microchannels in a microchannel processing unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 28, 2014
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: Velocys, Inc.
    Inventors: Anna Lee Tonkovich, Ravi Arora, John Brophy, Francis P. Daly, Soumitra Deshmukh, Maddalena Fanelli, Kai Tod Paul Jarosch, Timothy J. LaPlante, Richard Q. Long, Terry Mazanec, Daniel Francis Ryan, Laura J. Silva, Wayne W. Simmons, Bruce Strangeland, Yong Wang, Thomas Yuschak, Steven T. Perry, Jeffrey Dale Marco, Michael Alan Marchiando, Robert Lewis Litt
  • Patent number: 8845881
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the production of middle distillates from a paraffinic feedstock that is produced by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, implementing a hydrocracking/hydroisomerization catalyst that comprises at least one hydro-dehydrogenating metal that is selected from the group that is formed by the metals of group VIB and group VIII of the periodic table and a substrate that comprises at least one zeolite that has at least one series of channels of which the opening is defined by a ring with 12 oxygen atoms modified by a) a stage for introducing at least one alkaline cation that belongs to group IA or IIA of the periodic table, b) a stage for treatment of said zeolite in the presence of at least one molecular compound that contains at least one silicon atom, c) at least one stage for partial exchange of said alkaline cations by NH4+ cations such that the remaining content of alkaline cations in the modified zeolite at the end of stage c) is such that the alkaline cation/aluminum molar ratio
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignees: IFP Energies Nouvelles, ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Laurent Simon, Christophe Bouchy
  • Publication number: 20140288339
    Abstract: A process and apparatus are disclosed for hydrocracking hydrocarbon feed in a hydrocracking unit and hydrotreating a diesel product from the hydrocracking unit in a hydrotreating unit. The hydrocracking unit and the hydrotreating unit share the same recycle gas compressor. A make-up hydrogen stream may also be compressed in the recycle gas compressor. A warm separator separates recycle gas and hydrocarbons from diesel in the hydrotreating effluent, so fraction of the diesel is relatively simple. The warm separator also keeps the diesel product separate from the more sulfurous diesel in the hydrocracking effluent, and still retains heat needed for fractionation of lighter components from the low sulfur diesel product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventors: Paul R. Zimmerman, Andrew P. Wieber
  • Publication number: 20140275672
    Abstract: Methods and systems for idling a hydrocracker are provided. The method can include hydrocracking a hydrocarbon in the presence of a catalyst and hydrogen in a reactor to produce a hydrocracked product. A kill agent can be introduced to the reactor in an amount sufficient to reduce hydrocracking by at least 10% therein. In some examples, the kill agent can include one or more nitrogen-containing compounds, such as ammonia, amines, anilines, ammonia-containing compounds, amine-containing compounds, or, aniline-containing compounds. In some examples, the catalyst can include one or more Group VIII metals (e.g., cobalt, nickel, palladium, iron, alloys thereof), one or more Group VIB metals (e.g., molybdenum, tungsten, alloys thereof, or oxides thereof), and a catalyst support, such as a zeolite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Sujatha Krishnamurthy, Cassandra Schoessow, Douglas Piotter, Anand Subramanian
  • Publication number: 20140262940
    Abstract: A process for upgrading residuum hydrocarbons is disclosed. The process may include: contacting a residuum hydrocarbon fraction and hydrogen with a first hydroconversion catalyst in a first ebullated bed hydroconversion reactor system; recovering a first effluent from the first ebullated bed hydroconversion reactor system; solvent deasphalting a vacuum residuum fraction to produce a deasphalted oil fraction and an asphalt fraction; contacting the deasphalted oil fraction and hydrogen with a second hydroconversion catalyst in a second hydroconversion reactor system; recovering a second effluent from the second hydroconversion reactor system; and fractionating the first effluent from the first ebullated bed hydroconversion reactor system and the second effluent from the second hydroconversion reactor system to recover one or more hydrocarbon fractions and the vacuum residuum fraction in a common fractionation system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: LUMMUS TECHNOLOGY INC.
    Inventors: Mario C. Baldassari, Ujjal K. Mukherjee, Ann-Marie Olsen, Marvin I. Greene
  • Publication number: 20140209506
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon conversion catalyst composition which comprises dealuminated ZSM-48 and/or EU-2 zeolite and a refractory oxide binder essentially free of alumina, processes for preparing such composition and processes for converting hydrocarbon feedstock with the help of such compositions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2011
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Inventors: László Domokos, Laurent Georges Huve, Hermanus Jongkind, Aan Hendrik Klazinga, Marcello Stefano Rigutto
  • Publication number: 20140202924
    Abstract: We provide a process to manufacture a base stock, comprising hydrocracking, separating, and dewaxing, wherein the base stock has a ratio of Noack volatility to CCS VIS at ?25° C. multiplied by 100 from 0.15 to 0.40. We also provide a base stock made by a process, and a base oil manufacturing plant that produces the base stock.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 24, 2014
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: John Michael Rosenbaum, Brent K. Lok, Kathy A. Helling, Stephen K. Lee, Ryan Joseph Schexnaydre
  • Publication number: 20140155663
    Abstract: Process for the hydroconversion of heavy oils, selected from crude oils, heavy crude oils, bitumens from tar sands, distillation residues, distillation heavy cuts, distillation deasphalted residues, vegetable oils, oils from coal and oil shale, oils from the thermodecomposition of waste material, polymers, biomasses, comprising sending the heavy oil to a hydroconversion area, effected in one or more ebullated bed reactors, wherein hydrogen is introduced, in the presence of a suitable heterogeneous, supported, hydroconversion catalyst, in addition to a suitable hydrogenation catalyst, nano-dispersed in said heavy oil, and sending the stream coming from the hydroconversion area to a separation area, in which the separated liquid fraction, containing the nano-dispersed catalyst, is recycled to the ebullated bed reactor(s).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2013
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: ENI S.P.A.
    Inventors: Giacomo RISPOLI, Giuseppe BELLUSSI, Nicoletta PANARITI, Lorenzo TAGLIABUE
  • Patent number: 8696885
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for hydrocracking hydrocarbon feed in a hydrocracking unit and hydrotreating a diesel product from the hydrocracking unit in a hydrotreating unit. The hydrocracking unit and the hydrotreating unit shares the same recycle gas compressor. A warm separator separates recycle gas and hydrocarbons from diesel in the hydrotreating effluent, so fraction of the diesel is relatively simple. The warm separator also keeps the diesel product separate from the more sulfurous diesel in the hydrocracking effluent, and still retains heat needed for fractionation of lighter components from the low sulfur diesel product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Andrew P. Wieber, Paul R. Zimmerman
  • Patent number: 8696888
    Abstract: The invention concerns integration of hydroprocessing and steam cracking. A feed comprising crude or resid-containing fraction thereof is severely hydrotreated and passed to a steam cracker to obtain an olefins product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Paul F. Keusenkothen, Megan L. Renstrom, Julian A. Wolfenbarger, Stephen H. Brown, John S. Buchanan
  • Patent number: 8691076
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of manufacturing high-quality naphthenic base oil by subjecting, as a feedstock, light cycle oil (LCO) and slurry oil (SLO) obtained through fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) to hydrotreating and dewaxing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: SK Lubricants Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chang Kuk Kim, Jee Sun Shin, Ju Hyun Lee, Sam Ryong Park, Gyung Rok Kim, Yoon Mang Hwang
  • Patent number: 8685231
    Abstract: The invention provides a process for converting a paraffinic feedstock comprising at least 50 wt % of compounds boiling above 370° C., a paraffin content of at least 60 wt %, an aromatics content below 1 wt %, a naphthenic content below 2 wt %, a nitrogen content below 0.1 wt %, and a sulphur content below 0.1 wt %, comprising: (a) reacting the feedstock with hydrogen at a temperature between 175 and 400° C. and a pressure between 20 and 100 bar using a catalyst comprising 0.005 to 5.0 wt % of a Group VIII noble metal on a carrier comprising 0.1-15 wt % zeolite beta and at least 40 wt % amorphous silica-alumina (b) withdrawing the effluent (c) subjecting the effluent to a fractionation step to form a heavy fraction, an intermediate fraction, and a light fraction; and (d) providing at least part of the heavy fraction to the reaction zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Jolinde Machteld Van De Graaf, Arend Hoek, Johannes Petrus De Jonge, Wiebe Sjoerd Kijlstra, Antonius Adrianus Maria Roovers, Jelle Rudolf Anne Sietsma, Johannes Anthonius Robert Van Veen
  • Patent number: 8679323
    Abstract: A process is described for the production of middle distillates from a paraffinic feedstock wherein the feedstock is subjected to hydrocracking and/or hydro-isomerization in the presence of a hydrocracking/hydro-isomerization catalyst. The catalyst comprises at least one hydro-dehydrogenating metal selected from metals of groups VIB and VIII, and a substrate that comprises at least one dealuminified Y zeolite. The dealuminified Y zeolite is modified by a basic treatment stage wherein the dealuminified Y zeolite is mixed with a basic aqueous solution, and at least one heat treatment stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignees: ENI S.P.A., IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Laurent Simon, Emmanuelle Guillon, Christophe Bouchy
  • Publication number: 20140042056
    Abstract: A suitable feedstock for forming lubricant base oils is separated into at least a lower boiling portion and a higher boiling portion. The lower boiling portion is combined with a feed suitable for use as a fuels hydrocracking feed. The combined feed is hydrocracked and catalytically dewaxed in order to form fuels and Group II, Group II+, or Group III light neutral basestocks. The higher boiling portion of the feedstock is solvent processed in order to form Group I heavy neutral base oils and/or Group I brightstock base oils. The higher boiling portion of the feedstock can correspond to both a bottoms fraction and one or more additional fractions boiling above a fractionation cut point.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 10, 2012
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicant: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Michel Daage, Jason Thomas Calla, Krista Marie Prentice, Ajit Bhaskar Dandekar
  • Patent number: 8641889
    Abstract: Described herein is a hydrocracking and/or hydrotreatment process which uses a catalyst comprising an active phase containing at least one hydrogenating/dehydrogenating component, and a support comprising at least one dealuminated zeolite Y having an overall initial atomic ratio of silicon to aluminum between 2.5 and 20, an initial weight fraction of extra-lattice aluminum atoms greater than 10%, an initial mesopore volume greater than 0.07 ml.g?1, and an initial crystal lattice parameter a0 between 24.38 ? and 24.30 ?. The zeolite Y is modified by a basic treatment stage, and at least one thermal treatment stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Laurent Simon, Emmanuelle Guillon
  • Publication number: 20140001089
    Abstract: Process for hydrotreating a heavy hydrocarbon fraction using a system of switchable fixed bed guard zones each containing at least two catalyst beds and in which whenever the catalyst bed that is brought initially into contact with the feed is deactivated and/or clogged during the steps in which the feed passes successively through all the guard zones, the point of introduction of the feed is shifted downstream. The present invention also relates to an installation for implementing this process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Applicant: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Frederic Bazer-Bachi, Christophe Boyer, Isabelle Guibard, Nicolas Marchal, Cecile Plain
  • Patent number: 8617384
    Abstract: A process for maximizing p-xylene production begins by producing a naphtha fraction and a light cycle oil fraction from a fluid catalytic cracking zone. The gasoline and light cycle oil fractions are combined and hydrotreated to produce a hydrotreated product. Fractionation of the hydrotreated product in a fractionation zone makes a light ends cut, a naphtha cut, a hydrocracker feed and an unconverted oil fraction. The hydrocracker feed is sent to a hydrocracking zone to make a hydrocracker product, which is then recycled back to the fractionation zone, feeding the hydrocracker product above an outlet for the hydrocracker feed, but below an outlet for the naphtha cut. The naphtha cut goes to a dehydrogenation zone where hydrogen is removed to make aromatics from naphthenes to make a dehydrogenated naphtha. The dehydrogenated naphtha is fed to an aromatics recovery unit to recover p-xylene and other aromatics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Robert Haizmann, Laura E. Leonard
  • Patent number: 8608941
    Abstract: A reforming process includes integrating catalytic cracking product naphtha dehydrogenation and naphtha from a hydrocracking zone and feeding them to a dehydrogenation zone. The dehydrogenation zone includes a first portion of reforming catalyst from a catalyst regenerator that moves downward through the dehydrogenation zone. A product stream from the dehydrogenation zone flows to an aromatics unit and is separated into an aromatic-rich extract and a raffinate. Straight run naphtha and the raffinate are introduced to a first reforming zone that includes a second portion of reforming catalyst. The reforming catalyst moves through the first reforming zone then is removed from the bottom of each of the first reforming zone and the dehydrogenation zone and is fed to a second reforming zone. An effluent from the first reforming zone is fed to a plurality of reforming zones. The reforming catalyst moves downward through the multiple reforming zones then to a regenerator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Robert Haizmann, Laura E. Leonard
  • Patent number: 8603324
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of hydro-upgrading inferior gasoline through ultra-deep desulfurization and octane number recovery. The method comprises the following steps: cutting inferior full-range gasoline into light fraction gasoline and heavy fraction gasolines; contacting the light fraction gasoline successively with a catalyst for selective diene removal and a catalyst for desulfurization and hydrocarbon multi-branched-chain hydroisomerization; contacting the heavy fraction gasoline with the catalyst for selective hydrodesulfurization in a first reactor, and contacting the reaction effluent from the first reactor with a catalyst for supplemental desulfurization and hydrocarbon aromatization/single-branched-chain hydroisomerization in a second reactor; and blending the treated light fraction gasoline and the heavy fraction gasoline to obtain the ultra-clean gasoline product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: China University of Petroleum—Bejing (CUPB)
    Inventors: Yu Fan, Xiaojun Bao, Gang Shi, Haiyan Liu
  • Patent number: 8597494
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing ultra-clean gasoline. The invention provides a method of hydro-upgrading inferior gasoline through deep desulfurization and octane number recovery, which comprises the following steps: cutting inferior full-range gasoline into the light and heavy fraction gasolines; contacting the light fraction gasoline successively with a catalyst for selective diene removal and a catalyst for desulfurization and hydrocarbon aromatization/single-branched-chain hydroisomerization; contacting the heavy fraction gasoline with a catalyst for selective hydrodesulfurization, and contacting the reaction effluent with a catalyst for supplemental desulfurization and hydrocarbon multi-branched-chain hydroisomerization; and blending the treated light and heavy fraction gasolines to obtain the ultra-clean gasoline product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: China University of Petroleum—Beijing (CUPB)
    Inventors: Yu Fan, Xiaojun Bao, Gang Shi, Haiyan Liu
  • Patent number: 8585889
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing high-quality naphthenic base oils comprising a high aromatic content and a large amount of impurities with a boiling point higher than that of gasoline. High-quality naphthenic base oil may be manufactured from light cycle oil (LCO) and slurry oil (SLO), which are inexpensive, and have a high aromatic content, a large amount of impurities, and which are effluents of a fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) unit. The method also relates to the pretreatment process of a feedstock, where the amounts of impurities (sulfur, nitrogen, polynuclear aromatic compounds and various metals components) in the feedstock are reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: SK Lubricants Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chang Kuk Kim, Jee Sun Shin, Kyung Seok Noh, Ju Hyun Lee, Byoung In Lee, Seung Woo Lee, Do Woan Kim, Sam Ryong Park, Seong Han Song, Gyung Rok Kim, Yoon Mang Hwang
  • Publication number: 20130288885
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon conversion catalyst composition which comprises ZSM-48 and/or EU-2 zeolite particles and refractory oxide binder essentially free of alumina in which the average aluminium concentration of the ZSM-48 and/or EU-2 zeolite particles is at least 1.3 times the aluminium concentration at the surface of the particles, processes for preparing such catalyst compositions and processes for converting hydrocarbon feedstock with the help of such compositions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2011
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Inventors: László Domokos, Laurent Georges Huve, Hermanus Jongkind, Aan Hendrik Klazinga, Marcello Stefano Rigutto
  • Patent number: 8562819
    Abstract: We provide a process to manufacture a base stock, comprising hydrocracking, separating, and dewaxing, wherein the base stock has a ratio of Noack volatility to CCS VIS at ?25° C. multiplied by 100 from 0.15 to 0.40. We also provide a base stock made by a process, and a base oil manufacturing plant that produces the base stock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: John M. Rosenbaum, Brent K. Lok, Kathy A. Helling, Steve K. Lee, Ryan J. Schexnaydre
  • Publication number: 20130270154
    Abstract: A method for producing middle distillates from a feedstock produced by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and containing oxygenated compounds, including: a) a step of bringing the feedstock into contact with a hydrotreating catalyst allowing the methanation of the CO and CO2 contained in the feedstock or originating from the decomposition of the oxygenated compounds present in the feedstock, b) a step of hydroisomerization/hydrocracking of at least a part of the liquid and gaseous effluent originating from step a), in the presence of a hydroisomerization/hydrocracking catalyst, c) a step of gas/liquid separation of the effluent originating from step b) into a gaseous fraction comprising predominantly hydrogen and a hydroisomerized/hydrocracked liquid fraction, d) a step of fractionation of the liquid fraction separated in step c) to obtain at least one fraction of middle distillate, in which the hydrogen in step a) is obtained from the gaseous fraction separated in step c).
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2013
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Applicants: IFP Energies nouvelles, ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Aline GREZAUD, Jean Philippe HERAUD, Hugues DULOT, Christophe BOUCHY, Vincenzo CALEMMA
  • Publication number: 20130270153
    Abstract: Production of middle distillates from a feedstock produced by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and containing oxygenated compounds: a) catalytic hydrotreating; b) hydroisomerization/hydrocracking at least a part of liquid and gaseous effluent originating from a); c) gas/liquid separation of the stream from b) into a gaseous fraction comprising predominantly hydrogen, a hydroisomerized/hydrocracked organic liquid fraction and an aqueous fraction; d) fractionation of the organic liquid fraction in c) to obtain at least one fraction of middle distillates; and e) catalytic methanation of CO and CO2 on at least a part of said gaseous fraction in c) before hydrotreating a), and/or on at least a part of the liquid and gaseous effluent originating from a) in which the hydrogen in a) is obtained at least partly from the gaseous fraction separated in c).
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2013
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Inventors: Jean-Philippe HERAUD, Aline GREZAUD, Hugues DULOT, Christophe BOUCHY, Vincenzo CALEMMA
  • Patent number: 8551323
    Abstract: Systems and methods for hydroprocessing a heavy oil feedstock are disclosed. The system employs a plurality of contacting zones and at least one separation zone, wherein a solvating hydrocarbon having a normal boiling point less than 538° C. (1000° F.) is employed. In the system, a mixture of heavy oil feedstock and solvating hydrocarbon is provided to a contact zone along with a slurry catalyst feed in a hydrocarbon diluent. The contacting zone operates at a temperature and pressure near the critical temperature and pressure of the heavy oil and solvating hydrocarbon mixture to convert at least a portion of the heavy oil feedstock to lower boiling hydrocarbons, forming upgraded products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Tayseer A Abdel-Halim, Axel Brait