Chemical Conversion Of Hydrocarbons Patents (Class 208/46)
  • Patent number: 10399066
    Abstract: JMZ-5, an aluminosilicate having an SZR framework type and a sea-urchin type morphology is described. A calcined product, JMZ-5C, formed from JMZ-5 is also described. JMZ-6, an aluminosilicate having an SZR framework type and a needle, aggregate morphology is described. A calcined product, JMZ-6C, formed from JMZ-6 is also described. Methods of preparing these zeolites and their metal-containing calcined counterparts are described along with methods of using these zeolites and their metal containing calcined counterparts in treating exhaust gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Hai-Ying Chen, Joseph Fedeyko, Raul Lobo, Jelvehnaz Mirzababaei
  • Patent number: 9850436
    Abstract: Method for maximizing the reaction volume in a slurry phase reactor by determining the ratio (f) between the height of the foams (Hf) and the height of the reactor (HR) through an algorithm defining the gas hold-up in three zones, a first lower zone in which a bubble regime is established, a second intermediate zone where there can be the presence of foams, a third zone situated in the upper hemispherical part in which the multiphase mixture is accelerated until it reaches outlet conditions, the average gas hold-up being given by the weighted average of each of the three gas hold-ups of the three zones, characterized in that it uses nuclear densimeters positioned inside the reactor at different heights and comprises: measuring, for each nuclear densimeter used, gas density values, relating to different gas and/or slurry velocities, which correspond through said algorithm to calculated gas hold-up values, revealing, with a calculated gas hold-up of less than 40%, the absence of foams at least up to the height
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Alberto Maria Antonio Malandrino, Vincenzo Piccolo
  • Patent number: 9732286
    Abstract: Process for hydrogenation of aromatic compounds in a feedstock comprising hydrocarbons having at least five carbon atoms, comprising: a) contacting feedstock, a hydrogen gas, and a nickel or platinum hydrogenation catalyst at 100 to 400° C., 0.5 to 8 MPa, and a feedstock flow rate 0.5 to 5 h?1, as to produce a partially-hydrogenated hydrocarbon feedstock and gas; and b) contacting the partially-hydrogenated feedstock, and a nickel or platinum hydrogenation catalyst at 100 and 400° C., a pressure of between 0.5 and 8 MPa, with a flow rate of the partially-hydrogenated feedstock between 0.3 and 8 h?1, a ratio between the volume of hydrogen and the volume of the partially-hydrogenated feedstock between 0.3 and 3 Nm3/m3, and a ratio between the superficial mass flow rate of the partially-hydrogenated feedstock and the superficial mass flow rate of gas (Ul/Ug) at the inlet of the reactor between 50 and 500.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignee: AXENS
    Inventors: Jean-Christophe Candelon, Fabienne Le Peltier, Annick Pucci
  • Patent number: 9664010
    Abstract: In one embodiment, the invention provides a system including at least one computing device for enhancing the recovery of heavy oil in an underground, near-surface crude oil extraction environment by performing a method comprising sampling and identifying microbial species (bacteria and/or fungi) that reside in the underground, near-surface crude oil extraction environment; collecting rock and fluid property data from the underground, near-surface crude oil extraction environment; collecting nutrient data from the underground, near-surface crude oil extraction environment; identifying a preferred microbial species from the underground, near-surface crude oil extraction environment that can transform the heavy oil into a lighter oil; identifying a nutrient from the underground, near-surface crude oil extraction environment that promotes a proliferation of the preferred microbial species; and introducing the nutrient into the underground, near-surface crude oil extraction environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignees: International Business Machines Corporation, Pacific Northwest Division Batelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Frederick D. Busche, John B. Rollins, Harold J. Noyes, James G. Bush
  • Patent number: 9643853
    Abstract: An organotemplate-free synthetic process is disclosed for the production of GME framework type zeolites by hydrothermal conversion of FAU framework type zeolites with sodium cations. The resulting zeolite product is substantially free of non-GME framework type material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: CHEVRON U.S.A. INC
    Inventor: Dan Xie
  • Patent number: 9452414
    Abstract: Metal exchanged and impregnated zeolite materials, methods for making metal exchanged and impregnated zeolite materials, and systems for reducing an amount of a contaminant species in a feed stream using a metal exchanged and impregnated zeolite material are provided. An exemplary metal exchanged and impregnated zeolite material comprises a metal exchanged zeolite material with the formula ((M2/nO)a.(M?2/n?O)a?). Al2O3.bSiO2; and a metal oxide with the formula M2/nO impregnated in the metal exchanged zeolite material such that the metal oxide is contacting an interior surface of the pore structure of the metal exchange zeolite material. In this example, M is a cation of an alkali or alkaline earth metal, n is a valence state of metal cation M, M? is a cation of a metal other than an alkali or alkaline earth metal, n? is a valence state of metal cation M?, 0 ?a<1, 0<a??1, a+a?=1, and b is about 2 to about 500.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Stephen Caskey, Vladislav Ivanov Kanazirev
  • Patent number: 9023298
    Abstract: An apparatus for reforming a hydrocarbon stream is presented. The apparatus involves changing the design of reformers and associated equipment to allow for increasing the processing temperatures in the reformers and heaters. The reformers are operated under different conditions to utilize advantages in the equilibriums, but require modifications to prevent increasing thermal cracking and to prevent increases in coking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Mark D. Moser, Clayton C. Sadler, Mark P. Lapinski, Kurt M. VandenBussche
  • Patent number: 9005432
    Abstract: A process for upgrading an oil stream by mixing the oil stream with a water stream and subjecting it to conditions that are at or above the supercritical temperature and pressure of water. The process further includes cooling and a subsequent alkaline extraction step. The resulting thiols and hydrogen sulfide gas can be isolated from the product stream, resulting in an upgraded oil stream that is a higher value oil having low sulfur, low nitrogen, and low metallic impurities as compared to the oil stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Ki-Hyouk Choi, Mohammad Fuad Aljishi, Ashok K. Punetha, Mohammed R. Al-Dossary, Joo-Hyeong Lee, Bader M. Al-Otaibi
  • Patent number: 8974660
    Abstract: There is provided a method for upgrading hydrocarbon compounds, in which hydrocarbon compounds synthesized in a Fisher-Tropsch synthesis reaction are fractionally distillated, and the fractionally distillated hydrocarbon compounds are hydrotreated to produce liquid fuel products. The method includes fractionally distilling heavy hydrocarbon compounds synthesized in the Fisher-Tropsch synthesis reaction as a liquid into a first middle distillate and a wax fraction, and fractionally distilling light hydrocarbon compounds synthesized in the Fisher-Tropsch synthesis reaction as a gas into a second middle distillate and a light gas fraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignees: Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation, Inpex Corporation, JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation, Japan Petroleum Exploration Co., Ltd., Cosmo Oil Co., Ltd., Nippon Steel Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuichi Tanaka, Yasumasa Morita, Kenichi Kawazuishi
  • Publication number: 20150038756
    Abstract: The present invention refers to a microporous crystalline material, to the method for the production thereof and to the use of same, the material having a composition: x X2O3:z ZO2:y YO2 in which: X is a trivalent element such as Al, B, Fe, In, Ga, Cr, or mixtures thereof, where (y+z)/x can have values of between 9 and infinity; Z corresponds to a tetravalent element selected from Si, Ge or mixtures thereof; and Y corresponds to a tetravalent element such as Ti, Sn, Zr, V or mixtures thereof, where z/y can have values of between 10 and infinity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Avelino CORMA CANÓS, Fernando REY GARCÍA, Manuel HERNÁNDEZ RODRIGUEZ, José Luis JORDÁ MORET
  • Patent number: 8936716
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for recovering hydroprocessing effluent from a hydroprocessing unit utilizing a hot stripper and a cold stripper. A net overhead stream from the hot stripper is forwarded to the cold stripper for further stripping. The invention is particularly suitable for hydrotreating residue feed streams. The hot stripped stream may be subjected to fluid catalytic cracking. The apparatus and process eliminates the need for a fired heater in the product recovery unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Richard K. Hoehn, Vedula K. Murty
  • Publication number: 20150018201
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a process for producing carbon nanofibers and/or carbon nanotubes, which process comprises pyrolysing a particulate cellulosic and/or carbohydrate substrate that has been impregnated with a compound of an element or elements, the metal or alloy, respectively, of which is capable of forming carbides, in a substantially oxygen free, volatile silicon compound containing atmosphere, optionally in the presence of a carbon compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: BASF CORPROATION
    Inventors: Jacobus Hoekstra, John Wilhelm Jenneskens
  • Patent number: 8911514
    Abstract: Hydrotreating methods and hydrotreating systems are provided herein. In an embodiment, a hydrotreating method includes heating a petroleum-based diesel feed. The heated petroleum-based diesel feed is introduced to a hydrotreating process. An unheated carbonaceous feed is introduced to the hydrotreating process separate from the heated petroleum-based diesel feed. The heated petroleum-based diesel feed and the unheated carbonaceous feed are co-processed in the hydrotreating process. In an embodiment of a hydrotreating system, the hydrotreating system includes a hydrotreating unit, and a heating apparatus, with the heating apparatus heating petroleum-based diesel feed prior to introduction to the hydrotreating unit. The unheated carbonaceous feed source is in fluid communication with the hydrotreating unit for introducing an unheated carbonaceous feed to the hydrotreating unit separate from the petroleum-based diesel feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Soumendra M. Banerjee, Richard K. Hoehn
  • Patent number: 8911614
    Abstract: A new family of crystalline microporous metallophosphates designated AlPO-59 has been synthesized. These metallophosphates are represented by the empirical formula R+rMm2+EPxSiyOz where R is an organoammonium cation such as the ETMA+, M is a framework metal alkaline earth or transition metal of valence 2+, and E is a trivalent framework element such as aluminum or gallium. The AlPO-59 compositions are characterized by a new unique ABC-6 net structure and compositions and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes, and separation properties for separating at least one component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Lewis, Lisa M. Knight, Paulina Jakubczak, Justin E. Stanczyk
  • Patent number: 8911617
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a simple and efficient method for the self-sustaining radiation cracking of hydrocarbons. The method disclosed provides for the deep destructive processing of hydrocarbon chains utilizing hydrocarbon chain decomposition utilizing self-sustaining radiation cracking of hydrocarbon chains under a wide variety of irradiation conditions and temperature ranges (from room temperature to 400° C.). Several embodiments of such method are disclosed herein, including; (i) a special case of radiation-thermal cracking referred to as high-temperature radiation cracking (HTRC); (ii) low temperature radiation cracking (LTRC); and (iii) cold radiation cracking (CRC). Such methods were not heretofore appreciated in the art. In one embodiment, a petroleum feedstock is subjected to irradiation to initiate and/or at least partially propagate a chain reaction between components of the petroleum feedstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Petrobeam, Inc.
    Inventors: Yuriy A. Zaikin, Raissa F. Zaikina
  • Patent number: 8906225
    Abstract: A new family of crystalline microporous metallophosphates designated AlPO-57 has been synthesized. These metallophosphates are represented by the empirical formula R+rMmn+EPxSiyOz where R is an organoammonium cation such as the DEDMA+, M is a divalent framework metal such as an alkaline earth or transition metal, and E is a framework element such as aluminum or gallium. The microporous AlPO-57 compositions are characterized by a new unique ABC-6 net structure and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes and separation properties for separating at least one component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Lewis, Lisa M. Knight, Paulina Jakubczak, Justin E. Stanczyk
  • Patent number: 8888871
    Abstract: Renewable fuels are produced in commercial quantities and with enhanced efficiency by integrating a bio-oil production system with a conventional petroleum refinery so that the bio-oil is co-processed with a petroleum-derived stream in the refinery. The techniques used to integrate the bio-oil production system and conventional petroleum refineries are selected based on the quality of the bio-oil and the desired product slate from the refinery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: KiOR, Inc.
    Inventors: Maria Magdalena Ramirez Corredores, Vicente Sanchez Iglesias
  • Patent number: 8882993
    Abstract: This invention relates to stabilized aggregates of small primary crystallites of zeolite Y that are clustered into larger secondary particles. At least 80% of the secondary particles may comprise at least 5 primary crystallites. The size of the primary crystallites may be at most about 0.5 micron, or at most about 0.3 micron, and the size of the secondary particles may be at least about 0.8 micron, or at least about 1.0 ?m. The silica to alumina ratio of the resulting stabilized aggregated Y zeolite may be 4:1 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Wenyih Frank Lai, Robert E. Kay, Jason Wu, Kun Wang, Robert C. Lemon
  • Patent number: 8871081
    Abstract: A process for treating a heavy oil which comprises subjecting a heavy oil to cavitation to reduce the viscosity of the heavy oil. The treated heavy oil, which has a reduced viscosity and specific gravity, thus is more pumpable and transportable, which facilitates further processing. The treated heavy oil also can be fractionated with less severity than untreated heavy oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Fractal Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Michel Chornet, Esteban Chornet
  • Publication number: 20140262939
    Abstract: A system and method for altering the properties of a fuel by exposure of the fuel to a magnetic field is described herein. The method comprises generating a magnetic field; exposing a material to the magnetic field, and determining the optimum settings of the magnetic field parameters for the particular material. The magnetic field may be time varying or time invariant. Various properties of the magnetic field can be altered to determine the optimum settings for altering the fuel properties, including the amplitude, frequency, and waveform. In one embodiment, a method for improving the performance of a fuel is provided, comprising: providing a fuel line comprising fuel; installing a magnetic field generator along at least a portion of the fuel line; and generating a pulsed magnetic field around at least a portion of the fuel line using the magnetic field generator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventor: DYNAPULSE, L.L.C.
  • Patent number: 8795513
    Abstract: Provided is a catalyst for hydrocracking of heavy oil which is excellent in both functions of cracking activity and desulfurization activity with respect to heavy oil by striking a balance between the cracking activity and desulfurization activity and which includes a support including a crystalline aluminosilicate and a porous inorganic oxide excluding the crystalline aluminosilicate, with an active metal being supported on the support, in which (a) the support includes the crystalline aluminosilicate in an amount of 45% by mass or greater and smaller than 60% by mass and the porous inorganic oxide excluding the crystalline aluminosilicate in an amount of greater than 40% by mass and 55% by mass or smaller, based on the sum of an amount of the crystalline aluminosilicate and an amount of the porous inorganic oxide excluding the crystalline aluminosilicate, (b) the active metal is at least one kind of metal selected from metals belonging to Groups 6, 8, 9, and 10 of the Periodic Table, and (c) the catalyst fo
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: JGC Catalysts and Chemicals Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Inamura, Akira Iino, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Yoji Sunagawa, Mitsunori Watabe, Yuichi Yamahata, Shinya Eura, Yuji Shirahama
  • Patent number: 8747652
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a catalyst comprising at least one crystalline material comprising silicon with a hierarchical and organized porosity and at least one hydrodehydrogenating element selected from the group formed by elements from group VIB and/or group VIII of the periodic table of the elements. Said crystalline material comprising silicon with a hierarchical and organized porosity is constituted by at least two spherical elementary particles, each of said particles comprising a matrix based on oxide of silicon, which is mesostructured, with a mesopore diameter in the range 1.5 to 30 nm and having microporous and crystalline walls with a thickness in the range 1.5 to 60 nm, said elementary spherical particles having a maximum diameter of 200 microns. The invention also concerns hydrocracking/hydroconversion and hydrotreatment processes employing said catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Audrey Bonduelle, Alexandra Chaumonnot
  • Patent number: 8747659
    Abstract: A process for hydrotreating a first aromatics- and sulfur-containing hydrocarbon feed using a fresh supported CoMo catalyst, includes treating the fresh catalyst under first hydrotreating conditions with a second hydrocarbon feed having a lower aromatics content than the first feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Gabor Kiss, Lulian Nistor, John Zengel
  • Patent number: 8747653
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for hydroprocessing two hydrocarbon streams at two different pressures. A hydrogen stream is compressed and split. A first split compressed stream is further compressed to feed a first hydroprocessing unit that requires higher pressure for operation. A second split compressed stream is fed to a second hydroprocessing unit that requires lower pressure. Recycle hydrogen from the second hydroprocessing unit is recycled back to the compression section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Andrew P. Wieber
  • Patent number: 8715487
    Abstract: This invention relates to the composition, method of making and use of a fluidized catalytic cracking (“FCC”) catalyst that is comprised of a new Y zeolite which exhibits an exceptionally low small mesoporous peak around the 40 ? (angstrom) range as determined by nitrogen adsorption measurements. FCC catalysts made from this new zeolite exhibit improved rates of heavy oil cracking heavy oil bottoms conversions and gasoline conversions. The fluidized catalytic cracking catalysts herein are particularly useful in fluidized catalytic cracking (“FCC”) processes for conversion of heavy hydrocarbon feedstocks such as gas oils and vacuum tower bottoms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Jianxin Jason Wu, William A. Wachter, Colin L. Beswick, Edward Thomas Habib, Jr., Terry G. Roberie, Ruizhong Hu
  • Patent number: 8715485
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a catalyst comprising at least one amorphous material comprising silicon with a hierarchical and organized porosity and at least one hydrodehydrogenating element selected from the group formed by elements from group VIB and/or group VIII of the periodic table of the elements. Said amorphous material comprising silicon with a hierarchical and organized porosity is constituted by at least two spherical elementary particles, each of said spherical particles comprising a matrix based on oxide of silicon, which is mesostructured, with a mesopore diameter in the range 1.5 to 30 nm and having amorphous and microporous walls with a thickness in the range 1.5 to 50 nm, said elementary spherical particles having a maximum diameter of 200 microns. The invention also concerns hydrocracking/hydroconversion and hydrotreatment processes employing said catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Audrey Bonduelle, Alexandra Chaumonnot
  • Patent number: 8691082
    Abstract: Two-stage hydroprocessing uses a common dividing wall fractionator. Hydroprocessed effluents from both stages of hydroprocessing are fed to opposite sides of the dividing wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: John A. Petri, Vedula K. Murty, Peter Kokayeff
  • Patent number: 8691084
    Abstract: The invention provides systems and methods for extracting and upgrading heavy hydrocarbons from substrates such as oil sands, oil shales, and tar sands in a unitary operation. The substrate bearing the hydrocarbon is brought into contact with a supercritical or near-supercritical fluid, a source of hydrogen such as hydrogen gas, and a catalyst. The materials are mixed and heated under elevated pressure. As a consequence of the elevated temperature and pressure, upgraded hydrocarbon-containing material is provided in a single or unitary operation. In some embodiments, sonication can be used to improve the upgrading process. Fluids suitable for use in the process include carbon dioxide, hexane, and water. It has been observed that upgrading can occur within periods of time of a few hours.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: University of New Brunswick
    Inventors: Gerard Sean McGrady, Sarah Ann Brough, Christopher Willson
  • Patent number: 8685232
    Abstract: Manufacture of propylene and ethylene in a FCC unit. Each FCC riser comprises an acceleration zone, a lift stream feed nozzle, a main hydrocarbon stock feed nozzle, and an olefinic naphtha feed nozzle. Mixed FCC catalyst comprising at least 2 percent by weight pentasil zeolite and at least 10 percent by weight Y-zeolite is injected at the bottom of each FCC riser. Olefinic naptha is injected through the olefinic feed nozzle, main hydrocarbon stock is injected through the main hydrocarbon stock feed nozzle and lift stream is injected through the lift stream feed nozzle. Lift stream comprises olefinic C4 hydrocarbon stream and optionally steam and/or a fuel gas. Olefinic C4 hydrocarbon steam is cracked in the acceleration zone at 600 to 800° C., 0.8 to 5 kg/cm2 (gauge) pressure, WHSV 0.2 to 100 hr up 1 and vapour residence time 0.2 to 5 seconds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Reliance Industries Limited
    Inventors: Sukumar Mandal, Asit Kumar Das, Ashwani Yadav, Manoj Yadav, Akhilesh Bhatnagar, Rajeshwar Dongara, Veera Venkata Satya Bhaskara Sita Rama Murthy Katravulapalli
  • Patent number: 8636976
    Abstract: This invention relates to a crystalline molecular sieve having, in its as-synthesized form, an X-ray diffraction pattern including d-spacing maxima at 13.18±0.25 and 12.33±0.23 Angstroms, wherein the peak intensity of the d-spacing maximum at 13.18±0.25 Angstroms is at least as great as 90% of the peak intensity of the d-spacing maximum at 12.33±0.23 Angstroms. This invention also relates to a method of making thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Wieslaw J. Roth, Thomas Yorke, Michael C. Kerby, Simon C. Weston
  • Patent number: 8633128
    Abstract: The invention describes a heteropolycompound constituted by a nickel salt of a lacunary Keggin type heteropolyanion comprising tungsten in its structure, with formula: Nix+y/2AW11-yO39-5/2y, zH2O wherein Ni is nickel, A is selected from phosphorus, silicon and boron, W is tungsten, O is oxygen, y=0 or 2, x=3.5 if A is phosphorus, x=4 if A is silicon, x=4.5 if A is boron, and x=m/2+2 for the rest, and z is a number in the range 0 to 36, in which said heteropolycompound has no nickel atom in substitution for a tungsten atom in its structure, said nickel atoms being placed in the counter-ion position in the structure of said compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Audrey Bonduelle, Fabrice Bertoncini, Karima Ben Tayeb, Carole Lamonier, Michel Fournier, Edmond Payen
  • Patent number: 8617385
    Abstract: A quenching medium is delivered directly to selected regions or locations within a catalyst bed in a hydroprocessing reactor vessel in order to control the reactivity of a hydroprocess occurring in the selected regions or locations separately from other regions or locations. Temperature sensors for providing temperature indications and conduits for delivering the quench medium are distributed throughout the catalyst bed. One or more conduits can be selected for delivery of the quenching medium to selected regions or locations so that separate control of the level of reactivity in each of various regions or locations throughout the bed can be achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Inventor: Jeffrey N. Daily
  • Publication number: 20130334098
    Abstract: A method for decomposing an asphaltene particle includes contacting the asphaltene particle with an intercalating agent; and reacting the intercalating agent to increase a distance between asphaltene molecules in the asphaltene particle to decompose the asphaltene particle. In a method for producing decomposed asphaltene, the method includes disposing an intercalating agent in an oil environment; contacting an asphaltene particle in the oil environment with the intercalating agent; reacting the intercalating agent to produce product molecules; and decomposing the asphaltene particle to produce decomposed asphaltene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 19, 2012
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Oleg A. Mazyar, Gaurav Agrawal
  • Patent number: 8608947
    Abstract: A process is provided to produce an ultra low sulfur diesel using a two stage hydrotreating reaction zone. The first stage hydrotreater may operate with a continuous liquid phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: John A. Petri, Vedula K. Murty, Peter Kokayeff
  • Patent number: 8603406
    Abstract: An apparatus and process are presented for drying a catalyst in a reactor-regenerator system. The process includes a continuous operating system with catalyst circulating between a reactor and regenerator, and the catalyst is dried before returning the catalyst to the reactor. The process uses air that is split between the drying stage and the combustion stage without adding equipment outside of the regenerator, minimizing energy, capital cost, and space requirements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: David N. Myers, Daniel N. Myers, Paolo Palmas, Laura E. Leonard, Wolfgang A. Spieker
  • Patent number: 8597498
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon-containing feedstock is provided in which a hydrocarbon-containing feed comprising at least 20 wt. % of heavy hydrocarbons is mixed with hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide, and a metal-containing catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon-containing product. The hydrocarbon-containing feedstock, the catalyst(s), the hydrogen sulfide, and the hydrogen are provided to a mixing zone and blended in the mixing zone at a temperature of from 375° C. to 500° C. and a total pressure of from 6.9 MPa to 27.5 MPa, where hydrogen sulfide is provided at a mole ratio of hydrogen sulfide to hydrogen of at least 0.5:9.5 and the combined hydrogen sulfide and hydrogen partial pressures provide at least 60% of the total pressure. A vapor comprised of hydrocarbons that are vaporizable at the temperature and pressure within the mixing zone is separated from the mixing zone, and, apart from the mixing zone, the vapor may be condensed to produce a liquid hydrocarbon-containing product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Stanley Nemec Milam, Michael Anthony Reynolds, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8597496
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon-containing feedstock is provided in which a hydrocarbon-containing feed comprising at least 20 wt. % of heavy hydrocarbons is mixed with hydrogen and at least one catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon-containing product. The hydrocarbon-containing feedstock, the catalyst(s), and the hydrogen are provided to a mixing zone and blended in the mixing zone at a temperature of from 375° C. to 500° C. A vapor comprised of hydrocarbons that are vaporizable at the temperature and pressure within the mixing zone is separated from the mixing zone, and, apart from the mixing zone, the vapor is condensed to produce a liquid hydrocarbon-containing product. The hydrocarbon-containing feedstock is continuously or intermittently provided to the mixing zone at a rate of at least 350 kg/hr per m3 of the mixture volume in the mixing zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Reynolds, Stanley Nemec Milam, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8597499
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon-containing feedstock is provided in which a hydrocarbon-containing feed comprising at least 20 wt. % of heavy hydrocarbons is mixed with hydrogen and at least one metal-containing catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon-containing product. The hydrocarbon-containing feedstock, the catalyst(s), and the hydrogen are provided to a mixing zone and blended in the mixing zone at a temperature of from 375° C. to 500° C. and a total pressure of from 6.9 MPa to 27.5 MPa. A vapor comprised of hydrocarbons that are vaporizable at the temperature and pressure within the mixing zone is separated from the mixing zone. Any metal-containing catalyst provided to the mixing zone has an acidity as measured by ammonia chemisorption of at most 200 ?mol ammonia per gram of catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Reynolds, Stanley Nemec Milam, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Publication number: 20130281553
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to providing a method of producing synthetic fuels and organic chemicals from atmospheric carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide gas is extracted from the atmosphere, hydrogen gas is obtained by splitting water, a mixture of the carbon dioxide gas and the hydrogen gas (synthesis gas) is generated, and the synthesis gas is converted into synthetic fuels and/or organic products. The present invention is also directed to utilizing a nuclear power reactor to provide power for the method of the present invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2013
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Applicant: Los Alamos National Security LLC
    Inventor: Los Alamos National Security LLC
  • Patent number: 8551326
    Abstract: This invention describes a two-stage regeneration zone that has a regenerated catalyst circuit such as the one that results from the mixing of a partially regenerated catalyst with a residual coke rate of between 0.3 and 0.7% and a totally regenerated catalyst with a coke rate that is less than 0.15%. All things being equal, this double-population regenerated catalyst enables the maximization of the LCO yield.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Romain Roux, Thierry Gauthier
  • Patent number: 8551324
    Abstract: The present invention describes a process for the production of gasoline in a fluid catalytic cracking unit having at least one principal reactor operating using feeds with a low Conradson Carbon and a high hydrogen content, said process comprising recycling a coking cut either to a side chamber branching off the stripper or within the stripper itself by means of a tubular vessel within said stripper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Frederic Feugnet, Romain Roux
  • Publication number: 20130248414
    Abstract: Nanoparticle catalyst compositions and methods for preparation of same are described. The nanoparticle catalysts are platinum-free and are useful in effecting selective ring-opening reactions, for example in upgrading heavy oil. The catalyst may be of monometallic composition, or may comprise an alloyed or core-shell bimetallic composition. The nanoparticles are of controlled size and shape.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2013
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Applicant: GOVERNORS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA
    Inventor: GOVERNORS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA
  • Publication number: 20130248415
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a catalyst for paraffin isomerization, as well as a preparation method and use thereof. The catalyst comprises a TON molecular sieve modified by rare earth, an inorganic refractory oxide modified by zirconium oxide and a noble metal of group VIII. The weight ratio of the TON molecular sieve modified by rare earth to the inorganic refractory oxides modified by zirconium oxide is 10:90 to 90:10, and the content of the metal of group VIII is 0.1 to 10 wt % based on the metal. When used in the process of isomerization dewaxing of various raw materials containing paraffins, the catalyst can not only decrease the solidifying points of raw oil containing paraffins, but also increase the yield of liquid products. Particularly, when used in the process of isomerization dewaxing of lubricating oil distillates, the catalyst is advantageous in producing base oil for lubricating oil with a high a higher yield, a lower pour point (solidifying point) and a higher viscosity index.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2011
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Applicants: FUSHUN RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF PETROLEUM AND PETROCHEMICALS, SINOPEC, CHINA PETROLEUM & CHEMICAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Huiqing Xu, Quanjie Liu, Liming Jia, Xiwen Zhang, Wei Wang
  • Patent number: 8535518
    Abstract: A petroleum feedstock upgrading method is provided. The method includes supplying a mixed stream that includes hydrocarbon feedstock and water to a hydrothermal reactor where the mixed stream is maintained at a temperature and pressure greater than the critical temperatures and pressure of water in the absence of catalyst for a residence time sufficient to convert the mixed stream into a modified stream having an increased concentration of lighter hydrocarbons and/or concentration of sulfur containing compounds. The modified stream is then supplied to an adsorptive reaction stage charged with a solid adsorbent operable to remove at least a portion of the sulfur present to produce a trimmed stream. The trimmed stream is then separated into a gas and a liquid streams, and the liquid stream is separated into a water stream and an upgraded hydrocarbon product stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Ki-Hyouk Choi, Mohammad F. Aljishi
  • Patent number: 8529752
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for hydrocarbon conversion comprising contacting a hydrocarbon feedstock with a crystalline molecular sieve, in its ammonium exchanged form or in its calcined form, under conversion conditions to form a conversion product, said crystalline molecular sieve comprising unit cells with MWW topology and is characterized by diffraction streaking from the unit cell arrangement in the c direction as evidenced by the arced hk0 patterns of electron diffraction pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Wieslaw J. Roth, Thomas Yorke, Douglas Lewis Dorset, Mohan Kalyanaraman, Michael Charles Kerby, Simon Christopher Weston
  • Publication number: 20130220886
    Abstract: The catalytic reactor consists of a chamber 1 that contains at least one catalyst bed 2 in solid form, with the reactor being supplied with effluent to be treated by a pipe 3 that empties into a separation means 4 between gas and liquid, with the liquid obtained from the separator being collected in a tank, and a plate 9 being arranged between the separation means 4 and the solid catalyst bed 2. The plate 9 consists of at least two closed boxes 10, with at least two vertical tubes 11 provided with openings 12 linking with the interiors of the boxes 10 passing through the boxes, and with the liquid distribution means 8 channeling the liquid from the tank into said boxes 10.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2013
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Applicant: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventor: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
  • Patent number: 8513150
    Abstract: This invention relates to the composition and synthesis of an Extra Mesoporous Y (or “EMY”) zeolite and its use in the catalytic conversion of organic compounds. In particular, this invention relates to a Y-type framework zeolite possessing a high large mesopore pore volume to small mesopore pore volume ratio. The novel zeolite obtained provides beneficial structural features for use in petroleum refining and petrochemical processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventor: Jason Wu
  • Patent number: 8507738
    Abstract: A co-processing combining a first selective catalytic bed consisting of only one metal element selected from group VIB metals and of at least one conventional hydrotreating bimetallic catalytic bed. The co-processing provides control of the hydroconversion reactions of the triglycerides and/or fatty acids of biomass oil diluted in a refinery stream of petroleum hydrocarbons and minimizes the generation of gaseous products that are undesirable to the process, while maintaining the levels of unsaturated hydrocarbons hydrogenation and of heteroatomic contaminants removal from the refinery stream of petroleum hydrocarbons. The co-processing selectively providing n-paraffins of even number of carbon atoms, generated from the biomass oil, which are incorporated in a hydrotreated liquid product in petroleum refining HDT units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. - Petrobras
    Inventors: Jefferson Roberto Gomes, José Luiz Zotin, Marcelo Edral Pacheco, Raissa Maria Cotta Ferreira Da Silva
  • Publication number: 20130199966
    Abstract: A method of producing an aluminium oxide supported catalyst for use in a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reaction, which comprises: spray-drying a slurry of ?-alumina and a source of a spinel forming metal to form a solid precursor material; calcining the precursor material to form a modified support material including a metal aluminate spinel; impregnating the modified alumina support material with a source of cobalt; calcining the impregnated support material, and activating the catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2011
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: GTL.F1 AG
    Inventors: Manoj M. Koranne, Erling Rytter, Sigrid Eri, Oyvind Borg
  • Patent number: 8500992
    Abstract: A process for treating a hydrocarbon-containing feed is provided in which a hydrocarbon-containing feed comprising at least 20 wt. % of heavy hydrocarbons is mixed with hydrogen and a catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon-containing product. The catalyst is comprised of a material comprised of a first metal and a second metal, where the first metal is selected from the group consisting of Cu, Fe, Bi, Ag, Mn, Zn, Sn, Ru, La, Pr, Sm, Eu, Yb, Lu, Dy, Pb, and Sb and the second metal is Mo, W, V, Sn, and Sb.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Michael Anthony Reynolds, Stanley Nemec Milam, Scott Lee Wellington