Utilizing Precipitant, Flocculant, Or Coagulant, Each With Accelerator Or With Each Other Or Plural Precipitants, Flocculants, Or Coagulants Patents (Class 210/723)
  • Patent number: 11034597
    Abstract: Described herein is a coagulant blend for use in SAGD water treatment systems. Specifically, a blend of high charge density polyamine and low charge density poly(diallylmethyl ammonium chloride (poly-DADMAC) is used in the warm lime softening treatment process to coagulate and flocculate solids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2021
    Inventors: Lee D. Osness, Kevin Lucas, Paul Sameshima, Jason C. Grundler
  • Patent number: 10710913
    Abstract: A substrate treatment unit applies surface treatment to a semiconductor substrate by using a chemical solution. The chemical solution in which metal is dissolved by substrate treatment is discharged into a storage tank and stored. A polyacid supplying unit supplies polyacid of a deletion complex with a deficient portion into the storage tank. The polyacid of deletion complex with a deficient portion is mixed into a used chemical solution containing the metal, and a pH value of the mixed solution is adjusted to between 2 and 3 to capture the metal dissolved in the chemical solution in the deficient portion of the polyacid. In addition, a counter cation is put into the chemical solution so that the polyacid in which the metal is captured is precipitated to be separated from the chemical solution, and thus the metal contained in the chemical solution during the treatment of the semiconductor substrate can be removed to enable the chemical solution to be reclaimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Ayumi Higuchi
  • Patent number: 10669172
    Abstract: A composition and method for dispersing sulfur, cleaning sulfur deposits, and minimizing foaming in an aqueous system is disclosed. The method may include adding a first sulfur dispersant to process water containing sulfur and dispersing the sulfur. The first sulfur dispersant may include a C5-C25 alkyl polyglycoside. A second sulfur dispersant may also be added to the process water. The second sulfur dispersant may include a polymer of acrylic acid and 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Assignee: ECOLAB USA INC.
    Inventors: Dinesh Mantri, David Rodman, Jasbir S. Gill
  • Patent number: 10532298
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a method for separation of solid particles from a waterbody. Preferably, the present disclosure relates to a method, wherein a combination of chemicals including coagulant(s) and flocculant(s) are employed for said separation of solid particles, wherein suitable examples of solid particles are living organisms and non-living matter, wherein living organisms include autotrophs such as phototrophs, which are either microscopic or macroscopic in nature (algae). The disclosure thus particularly relates to method of chemical coagulation and flocculation for separating solid particles, preferably either algae or bacteria or both from a waterbody. The present disclosure also provides for an alternate method, wherein the aforesaid method of coagulation and flocculation is combined with electro-coagulation and/or pH modulation strategies for separation of said solid particles in any sequence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2020
    Inventors: Avinash Sinha, Sairam Malladi, Ninad Pramod Gujarathi, Ashwin Govindaji Gajra
  • Patent number: 10486996
    Abstract: A mixing apparatus has a chemical moving part, a motor, a paddle, and a plate. The chemical moving part is configured to receive and output a chemical in a pipe. The motor is configured to rotatably drive a shaft coupled to the motor at a first end of the shaft. The shaft defines a central rotational axis. The paddle is connected to a second end of the shaft and configured to rotate with the shaft. The plate is configured to secure the motor to the pipe and has a first side facing the motor and a second opposite side facing a projection of the paddle. The first side defines a first length extending in a direction perpendicular to the shaft and the second side defines a second length extending in a direction perpendicular to the shaft. The first length is greater than the second length.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: Ecolab USA Inc.
    Inventors: Seung-Nyung Huh, Jin Nyung Huh
  • Patent number: 10238992
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to systems and methods for evaluating performance, performing process control, optimization and design of gravity separation process systems that are used to separate immiscible liquid dispersions (e.g., water-in-oil, oil-in-water mixtures) and emulsions for two-phase (liquid-liquid) or three-phase (gas-liquid-liquid) systems. According to one aspect, the design, simulation and control of such systems is performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software that is configured for determining the separation efficiency of separators on the basis of the true geometry and multidimensional flow field and for a distribution of droplet sizes with the influence of the emulsion concentration on the rheology of the oil-in-water or water-in-oil dispersion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2019
    Inventor: Olanrewaju Malcolm Oshinowo
  • Patent number: 10196279
    Abstract: A method for efficiently preparing ferrate based on nascent state interfacial activity. The method is as follows: (a) preparing nascent iron solution; (b) adding an oxidizing agent to the iron solution of step (a); (c) adding alkali solution or alkali particles to the mixed solution of step (b), mixing by stirring, and carrying out solid-liquid separation; (d) adding a stabilizing agent to the liquid separated out in step (c), and thus obtaining ferrate solution. The yield is 78-98%. The prepared ferrate solution is stable and can be stored for 3-15 days.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Inventors: Jun Ma, Yulei Liu, Lu Wang, Qingliang Liu, Xiaodan Zhao
  • Patent number: 9714389
    Abstract: A method of treating a first batch of oil sludge containing entrapped oil residue comprises the steps comprises the steps of bringing into contact the first batch of oil sludge to a liquid composition of an emulsion with or without a carrier, wherein the emulsion comprises an alkylpolyglucoside surfactant in 2 to 40% by weight of total composition; a co-surfactant in 1 to 30% by weight of total composition selected from the group consisting of C3 to C18 alcohols, C3 to C18 alkyl lactates, lecithins, C3 to C18 fatty acids and any mixtures thereof; an oil phase in 15 to 90% by weight of total composition; and an aqueous phase in 0.5 to 20% by weight of total composition; homogenizing the liquid composition with the first batch of oil sludge; and fluidizing the oil sludge that the oil residues are substantially dissociated from the solid object forming a liquid phase including the liquid composition and the separated oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2017
    Inventors: Chun Hwa See, Wasan Saphanuchart, Ming Hoong Looi, Yang Loong Chong
  • Patent number: 9661856
    Abstract: Citral, cinnamaldehyde, carvacrol, and allspice oil were found to be highly effective antimicrobials, producing statistically significant reductions in Escherichia coli populations within minutes. In addition, synergy was observed between silver ions and these essential oils, thereby lessening the amount of the plant antimicrobial required to produce the same effect. Based on these observations, compositions including these agents and there use as an antimicrobial treatment that is safe for human consumption, are active in the presence of organic matter, are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: The Arizona Board of Regents on Behalf of The University of Arizona
    Inventors: Kelly R. Bright, Sadhana Ravishankar, Damian H. Gilling
  • Patent number: 9630122
    Abstract: A system for removing salt from a process stream being fed into a flash separator introduces a swirling motive fluid into the fluid column of the separator. The swirling motive fluid comes into contact with salt components residing in the fluid of the column to create a salt slurry. Means to limit the upward movement of the swirling motive fluid can be provided. The salt slurry is then removed and can be sent to a brine generation vessel. Saturated brine from the vessel is transported back to the fluid column to replace the motive fluid in the column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: Cameron Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph Min-Hsiun Lee, Gary W. Sams
  • Patent number: 9416033
    Abstract: The present invention provides a low energy alternative to conventional thermal/evaporation processes for “zero liquid discharge” treatment of strong saline brines. The products of the process include a salt-free liquid and solid salt. In particular, an antisolvent can be mixed with liquids containing high total dissolved solids. The mixture can be chilled, whereby solid salt is precipitated and separated from the mixture at near ambient temperature leaving a mixed liquor. The antisolvent can be selected from a class of organic compounds that form solutions with salt brines that exhibit a critical solution temperature lower than a critical solution temperature of the salt brines alone. The mixed liquor can be heated to a temperature above its lower critical solution temperature to produce an antisolvent liquid phase for recycle to the process. Finally, a reduced salinity aqueous phase can be polished by reverse osmosis or other conventional technology to produce clean water for discharge or beneficial use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2016
    Assignee: Drake Water Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Ronald N. Drake
  • Patent number: 9409801
    Abstract: A method is described use of hydrocolloids for removal of organic and inorganic pollutants from a continuous stream of liquid where chemical composition of the water inhibits the reactants for linking/cross linking hydrocolloids. The method is comprising the steps of enabling said reactants present in the liquid stream and bring them to reaction with the hydrocolloid already brought to attachment with pollutants, where after flock formation allows for separation. Applications of the method are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Inventor: Atle Mundheim
  • Patent number: 9375768
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method of oxidizing an organic compound present in soil, groundwater, process water or wastewater comprising contacting such organic compound with a persulfate and ferrous lactate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Assignee: PEROXYCHEM LLC
    Inventors: Elena Pisanova, John Rovison
  • Patent number: 9272972
    Abstract: A system for removing salt from a rich mono ethylene glycol (MEG) stream being fed into a flash separator isolates the fluid residing in the brine column of the separator from the MEG and introduces a swirling motive fluid into the column. The swirling motive fluid comes into contact with salt components residing in the isolated fluid of the column to create a salt slurry. The salt slurry is then removed and sent to a brine generation vessel. Saturated brine from the vessel is transported back to the column to replace the motive fluid in the column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2016
    Assignee: Cameron Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph Min-Hsiun Lee, Gary W. Sams
  • Patent number: 9199885
    Abstract: In order to render sewage sludge suitable for beneficial purposes, it must be disinfected and stabilized. EDC deactivation is rapidly becoming a desirable result of any sludge or biosolids treatment process. Disclosed herein is a process of treating sewage sludge so as to stabilize the sludge that involves the presence of an iron-containing compound during dewatering of the sludge. Process embodiments described also achieve biosolid samples that have reduced EDC activity, Other embodiments disclosed involve use of a combination of iron salts ferrate and ferric chloride that are added to wastewater sludge in the dewatering step before heat drying. The biosolids resulting from sludge treated with aniron-containing compound are able to resist putrefaction for more than two to three weeks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignee: The Administrators of the Tulane Educational Fund
    Inventors: Robert S. Reimers, Andrew J. Englande, Jr., Norman K. Murray, Yue Xu
  • Patent number: 9175175
    Abstract: A method is provided for making thermochromic pigments in microcapsules having unusually small particle sizes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignee: Chromatic Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Terrill Scott Clayton, Timothy J. Owen, Lyle Small
  • Publication number: 20150083669
    Abstract: Some waters have high sulfate contents, such as acid mine drainage (AMD), which makes them unsuitable for use in fracturing fluids and difficult to dispose. Such waters may be treated with a solution of barium chloride to react with the sulfate ion of the sulfates and precipitate the sulfates as barium sulfate. Not all of the sulfates needs to be removed for the reclaimed water to be useful in formulating a fracturing fluid. The by-product of the reaction is almost pure barium sulfate, which is an inert, commercially valuable material that may be used in drilling fluids, paint and other industries.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: Ronald M. Matherly, Jiasheng Cao
  • Publication number: 20150076075
    Abstract: Coagulation/flocculation apparatus for the treatment of a hydraulic flow of any type of liquid, upstream of a physical separation element, in particular upstream of a flotation unit, or of a filtration unit, in particular a membrane filtration unit, which apparatus comprises at least one coagulator with injection of coagulant, followed by a flocculator, which are successively passed through by the hydraulic flow, in which apparatus: the coagulator comprises a reactor (1) for injection of coagulant under high energy, followed by a low-energy coagulation reactor (2); an intermediate high-energy element (3) is placed between the coagulation reactor (2) and the flocculator (4); and the flocculator is a static flocculator of piston type (4) having the same width as the physical separation element (5) located downstream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 3, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Patrick Vion, Guillem Grau
  • Publication number: 20150076078
    Abstract: This disclosure describes providing techniques to remove suspended solids from a process stream. This disclosure describes a method for adding a chemical, a cationic flocculant to the process stream, in which the chemical induces flocs of suspended solids. The process removes the flocs of suspended solids by using a device. This creates two streams, a liquids and dissolved solids stream and a suspended solids stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventor: Charles C Gallop
  • Publication number: 20150060367
    Abstract: The present invention provides a coagulation processing method capable of adding a sufficiently-dissolved coagulant aqueous solution to being processed water and materializing high-efficiency coagulation processing, a coagulation processing unit, and a water processing apparatus. A coagulation processing unit includes a coagulant aqueous solution storage tank 1 to have a stirrer 5 and store a coagulant aqueous solution, a particle size distribution measurement device 50 to measure the particle size distribution of the coagulant aqueous solution in the coagulant aqueous solution storage tank 1, a coagulation tank 11 to mix being processed water with an added coagulant aqueous solution and form a coagulation, a coagulation removing section 9 to remove the coagulation from the being processed water containing the coagulation, and a control section 6 to control the stirrer 5 so that a median size in the particle size distribution of the coagulant aqueous solution may be not more than 1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Satoshi ISHII, Kenji OKISHIRO, Hiroshi SASAKI
  • Publication number: 20150060369
    Abstract: A mobile water re-use system can include a chemical treatment apparatus, at least one weir tank in fluid communication with the chemical treatment apparatus, and two or more settling tanks in fluid communication with each other and at least one of the settling tanks in fluid communication with the weir tank. The weir tank can have a first end, a second end, an internal chamber, and a plurality of baffles that induce turbulent flow of fluid through the internal chamber. The settling tanks can provide, promote, facilitate, result in, and/or induce laminar flow of fluid through at least a portion of the internal chamber. Weir tanks, settling tanks, and method of treating flowback and produced water are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: James Chance Richie, Anthony Gutta
  • Patent number: 8968572
    Abstract: In a device and a process for purifying water which is contaminated with sulphate ions and heavy metal ions, the water is collected in a water reservoir and a substance having basic activity in water is fed to the water reservoir in such a manner that a precipitant having heavy metal ions is precipitated from the water, wherein at least a subquantity of water is taken off from the water reservoir and is separated into pure water which is substantially freed from sulphate ions and heavy metal ions and dirty water which is enriched with sulphate ions and heavy metal ions. The dirty water is at least in part recirculated to the water reservoir, as a result of which a concentration of sulphate ions in the water reservoir is achieved such that a precipitant having sulphate ions is precipitated from the water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Michael Riebensahm
  • Patent number: 8945394
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are systems and methods for removing fine particulate matter from a fluid, comprising a separator that separates an inflow fluid stream into an overflow fluid path and an underflow fluid path, where the underflow fluid path is treated with a tethering material that attaches to the coarse particulate matter to form tether-bearing anchor particles and where the overflow fluid path is treated with an activating material so that the activating material interacts with the fine particulate matter to form activated particles. After these treatments, the underflow fluid path containing the tether-bearing anchor particles is commingled with the overflow fluid path containing the activated particles, so that a removable complex is produced that can be removed in a settling facility, thereby removing the fine particulate matter from the fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Soane Energy, LLC
    Inventors: Patrick D. Kincaid, Robert P. Mahoney, David Soane
  • Patent number: 8906239
    Abstract: The suspended solids content of a Bayer process stream is reduced by contacting the stream with silicon-containing polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Cytec Technology Corp.
    Inventors: Qi Dai, Donald Paul Spitzer, Howard I. Heitner, Huann-Lin Tony Chen
  • Publication number: 20140353252
    Abstract: A method of supplying engineered water for drilling or hydraulic fracturing of wells, where the water comes from either fresh sources or is recycled from drilling or hydraulic fracturing operations whereby the water is treated for example with a mechanical vapor recompression unit or other treating apparatuses and methods to significantly reduce the concentration of constituents that are deleterious to drilling or hydraulic fracturing chemistries while keeping desirable constituents, such as semi-volatile antimicrobial constituents. The final composition of the engineered water is designed to contain constituents that are optimal for drilling or hydraulic fracturing operations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: 212 Resources
    Inventors: Stephen Earl Hester, Leslie Douglas Merrill, Christopher R. Lloyd
  • Patent number: 8894733
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for recycling a cerium oxide abrasive. The method may include adding a strong alkali solution to a slurry waste of the cerium oxide abrasive, adding sodium fluoride to the slurry waste, and separating a cerium oxide particle included in the slurry waste from other kinds of particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Won-Jae Moon, Sang-Oeb Na, Hyung-Young Oh
  • Patent number: 8889010
    Abstract: A method for treating low barium frac water includes contacting a frac water stream with a radium selective complexing resin to produce a low radium stream, passing the low radium stream through a thermal brine concentrator to produce a concentrated brine; and passing the concentrated brine through a thermal crystallizer to yield road salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: James Manio Silva, Hope Matis, William Leonard Kostedt, IV
  • Patent number: 8883013
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a treatment installation of aqueous fluid, in particular to ensure elimination of organic micropollutants and natural organic matter, comprising a single reactor (10) for treatment of aqueous fluid by contact with a fluidized bed of coagulated and flocculated powdered activated carbon, operating in ascending flow, said reactor being equipped with injection means of new powdered activated carbon, coagulant and polymer, arranged to define three distinct operating zones in the reactor: a first arranged zone (A) at the base of the reactor to ensure intake and homogeneous distribution of the aqueous fluid pre-treated by contact with coagulant and polymer, a second zone, surmounting the first, constituted by the fluidized bed of coagulated and flocculated powdered activated carbon (B), and a third zone (C), arranged in the top part of the reactor for separation and recovery of the purified aqueous liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Saur
    Inventor: Jean Perot
  • Publication number: 20140311970
    Abstract: A rotating screen has one or more panels arranged into a cylinder, or drum. The panels have openings in a micro-screening range, for example 100 microns or less. Wastewater to be screened is fed to the interior of the drum. The drum rotates constantly but the rotation may be discontinuous and the speed of rotation may be variable. The drum may be cleaned by an air knife. If the wastewater contains oil and grease, a short hot water spray may be provided before cleaning with the air knife. Optionally, an internal auger conveys solids down the length of the drum to an outlet. The rotating screen may be used for primary treatment of wastewater. The rotating screen may be used produce screenings with a dried solids concentration of 5% or more, for example 6-7%. The primary sludge may be treated in an anaerobic digester.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2012
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Inventors: Michael David Theodoulou, Juan Carlos Josse
  • Patent number: 8864994
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for extracting high acyl gellan from the fermentation broth containing gellan gum with a low production cost and high quality of products, comprising the following steps: (1) Treatment of the fermentation broth with an enzyme; (2) flocculation of the treated fermentation broth with acid; (3) wash of the fiber-like material; and (4) drying and milling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Zhejiang DSM Zhongken Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Xuegang Wang, Rongming Wu, Zhiming Zhang, Jialiang Wang, Huaiyuan Xu, Yubin Shen, Liqiang Yang
  • Publication number: 20140263079
    Abstract: The present invention relates to systems and methods of wastewater treatment that rely primarily on the use of water treatment chemicals to clean wastewater without the need to use filtration mechanisms. The present invention generally provides a system that is less complex and less expensive to operate than wastewater treatment systems in the prior art.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: DuBois Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventor: Brent K. McCurdy
  • Patent number: 8834725
    Abstract: A process for treating acid mine drainage containing heavy metals and soluble contaminants is provided. In one embodiment, at least a metal cation is added to the acid mine drainage at a pre-select pH to form insoluble heavy metal complexes. In one embodiment, the metal cation is a trivalent metal ion, e.g., ferric iron such as in ferric sulfate. In another embodiment, a divalent metal ion such as in ferrous sulfate is used. After the removal of the heavy metal complexes, the effluent water is treated with at least a phosphate additive to remove remaining soluble contaminants, thus producing a treated water stream with reduced levels of contaminants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Rahul Shankar Bhaduri, Alexander Kuperman, Michael Dubrovsky
  • Publication number: 20140245930
    Abstract: Embodiments provided herein relate to removing liquid from soil or other moisture rich media. In some embodiments, a method for solidifying sludge is provided and involves providing a sludge, fluidizing the sludge to form a fluidized sludge, adding a gelling agent to the fluidized sludge in an amount sufficient to form a slurry, and adding a dewatering agent to the slurry in an amount sufficient to dewater the slurry, thereby solidifying the sludge.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2011
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Inventor: Bing Chen
  • Patent number: 8801937
    Abstract: A process for treatment of water containing an azole-type anticorrosive for copper, includes adding ferrous ions to the water containing the azole-type anticorrosive for copper and having a pH of 4-8, thereby precipitating an insoluble iron-azole complex, and separating the insoluble iron-azole complex. An amount of the ferrous ions added is 0.5 to 5.0 times, by molar ratio, an amount of the azole-type anticorrosive for copper in the water containing the azole-type anticorrosive for copper. After the insoluble iron-azole complex is separated, remaining total organic carbon (TOC) components are subjected to an ozone treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Kurita Water Industries Ltd.
    Inventors: Tomoharu Yasuike, Atsushi Nemoto
  • Patent number: 8753519
    Abstract: A process for removing silicon compounds from aqueous NaCl brine includes, first, adjusting a weak brine to a pH value of less than 3 with hydrochloric acid. Iron(III) chloride or other trivalent iron ions are added to the acidified weak brine, the obtained weak brine is then continuously fed to a stirred dissolution vessel which contains undissolved salt in addition to brine. Fresh salt is charged batch-wise and intermittently to the dissolution vessel to produce strong brine. The obtained strong brine is fed to a stirred buffer vessel, the pH value in this buffer vessel being maintained at a level ranging from 5 to 8. A strong-brine flow is continuously withdrawn from the buffer vessel and filtered, and the filtrate containing the added iron and silicon is discharged. Also a system for carrying out this process is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: UHDE GmbH
    Inventors: Werner Pohl, Christoph Stegemann, Thomas Steinmetz, Sami Pelkonen
  • Patent number: 8747678
    Abstract: The invention provides hydrometallurgical processes by which dissolved nickel may be removed from water at ambient temperature and low system pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Bioteq Environmental Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Bratty, Rick Lawrence, David Kratochvil
  • Publication number: 20140144846
    Abstract: A process is provided for treating coolant fluid used in wire-saw cutting of semiconductor wafers and which contains silicon-containing impurities. The process comprises changing the properties of the used coolant fluid so that the silicon-containing impurities may be filtered and separated from the coolant fluid to thereby yield a coolant fluid filtrate suitable for use in a wire-saw cutting operation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: MEMC SINGAPORE, PTE. LTD (UEN200614797D)
    Inventors: Alexis Grabbe, Sasha Joseph Kweskin, Larry Wayne Shive, Henry Frank Erk
  • Patent number: 8728326
    Abstract: The invention relates to a polymer comprising structural units of formula and formula wherein R1, R2, R5 and R6 are independently hydrogen, a methyl group, or —COOH, only one of R1 and R2 or R5 and R6 is —COOH; R3 and R7 are independently hydrogen, or a methyl group; R4 is —COOH, —CONH2 or —OH, when R4 is —OH, R1, R2 and R3 are respectively hydrogen; and R8 is —COO, —CONH, or —O—, when R8 is —O—, R5, R6 and R7 are respectively hydrogen. Methods for preparing and using the polymer are also described herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Wenqing Peng, Yangang Liang, Shengxia Liu, Larry Neil Lewis, Robert James Perry, Stephen Robert Vasconcellos, Su Lu, Guixi Zhang
  • Publication number: 20140124453
    Abstract: Methods and systems for treating contaminated flow-back water produced by hydraulic fracture are provided. The method involves precipitating metals from the flow-back water stream in a first reaction using at least one oxidizing agent, at least one pH adjusting agent, a source of sulfate and carbonate ions, and at least one co-precipitation agent. The precipitated metals may be dewatered using a first filter and may be used as an additive to drilling mud. The flow-back water may be further purified in a second reaction by addition of at least one pH adjusting agent and hydrated lime to precipitate salts. The precipitated salts may be dewatered using a second filter and may be used as an accelerating additive to concrete. The purified flow-back water may be stabilized by the addition of at least one pH adjusting agent to provide a water stream that may be reused in the hydraulic fracture drilling process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2012
    Publication date: May 8, 2014
    Inventor: Michael Presutti
  • Patent number: 8702992
    Abstract: A continuous flow reactor, including a cylindrical coagulation crystallizer, a funnel type protective baffle for static settling, and a conical static settler. A lower end surface of the cylindrical coagulation crystallizer is connected with an upper end surface of the conical static settler, and the funnel type protective baffle for static settling is connected with an inner wall of the cylindrical coagulation crystallizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Nanjing University
    Inventors: Hongqiang Ren, Qiucheng Li, Tao Zhang, Lili Ding, Ke Xu, Xinkun Ren
  • Publication number: 20140102986
    Abstract: A method and treatment unit for removing particulate mercury from aqueous streams such as wastewater streams from hydrocarbon processing is disclosed. Mercury solids are removed by means of a surface filter configured in the shape of a bag. The separated solid mercury can be thickened and dewatered by removing the spent filter bag from service and allowing the water to drain and/or evaporate. The dewatered solids can then be disposed of together with the spent bag to an approved solid waste disposal facility. Coagulants, flocculants, and mercury precipitants can be injected upstream of the filter bag if required to increase removal efficiency by precipitating dissolved ionic mercury and increasing the particle size of the mercury solids. Following bag filtration, activated carbon or an alternative technology (e.g.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2012
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: David A. MASCIOLA, Owen R. MICHAELIS
  • Publication number: 20140091042
    Abstract: A washing method of red mud that is produced when an alumina-containing ore having a goethite to hematite mass ratio of 60/40 (goethite/hematite) or more in the iron component thereof is heat-treated with an alkaline solution at a temperature of 110° C. to 160° C. to obtain an aluminate liquor, including: mixing the red mud with a diluting fluid to obtain suspension that has an aluminum concentration of 95 g/L or less in terms of Al2O3; adding a flocculant to the suspension, wherein, the flocculant includes a polymer having a repeating unit derived from (meth)acrylic acid or a salt thereof and being substantially free from a repeating unit derived from vinylhydroxamic acid compound or a salt thereof; and settling and separating the red mud so as to wash the red mud.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2013
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Applicant: SHOWA DENKO K.K
    Inventor: Yu Akama
  • Patent number: 8685253
    Abstract: A method of removing color bodies from a fermentation broth includes precipitating a color-forming impurity (color body) by adjusting the fermentation broth to a pH greater than about 13; filtering our precipitated color-forming impurities from the broth; and bleaching a second color impurity by treating the broth with an oxidizing agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: BioAmber S.A.S.
    Inventor: Olan S. Fruchey
  • Patent number: 8679352
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a method and system of recovering multiple products from industrial-scale production of a biomass of an aquatic species.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: PA LLC
    Inventors: Laurent Olivier, Greg Havemann, Paul Antalik, Brandi Alderson
  • Patent number: 8668888
    Abstract: A composition containing titanium and iron compounds, in particular decomposition residue that accumulates as a production residue after the sulphate process during the production of titanium dioxide, is used as an adsorbing agent for inorganic and organic compounds, for example compounds containing phosphorus, arsenic, antimony, sulphur, selenium, tellurium, the cyano group or heavy metal. Toxic substances and pollutants may be removed from a fluid using the adsorbing agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Sachtleben Pigment GmbH
    Inventors: Gerhard Auer, Holger Eickhaus, Horst Günnel, Werner Schuy, Bernd Proft, Maurits Van Den Berg
  • Patent number: 8663478
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for treating water charged with colloidal impurities, either dissolved or suspended, in a treatment plant, wherein said method comprises: the step of contacting said water, in an advanced oxidation area, with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of at least one transition-metal salt; a flocculation step that comprises contacting said water, in a flocculation area, with at least one flocculation additive and with at least one ballast comprising at least one non-soluble granular material denser than water and used as a biomass carrier; the step of feeding the water and floc mixture thus obtained into a settling area; the step of separating the treated water at the upper portion of said settling area from a mixture of sludge and ballast resulting from the settling of said flocs; the step of extracting the sludge and ballast mixture at the lower portion of said settling area; and the step of recycling at least a portion of the sludge into said advanced oxidation area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies Support
    Inventors: Marielle Coste, Arnaud Bucaille, Sebastien Logette
  • Patent number: 8663496
    Abstract: The invention relates to a double-layered compacted solid water-purification product, comprising at least one first layer and at least one second layer, characterized in that the first layer comprises at least one flocculating system and at least one dispersion system, the second layer comprises at least one disinfectant which liberates free chlorine on contact with water and at least one excipient for the disinfectant, whereby said excipient releases the disinfectant into the water at a controlled rate such that the combination of excipient and disinfectant releases 0.1 to 100 mg/l of free chlorine per hour. The invention further relates to the method for production of such a product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Eurotab
    Inventors: Paul Branlard, Philippe Desmarescaux, Murielle Moneron
  • Publication number: 20140053872
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to purge fluids, methods of using the purge fluids, and systems to be used for recycling the purge fluids. In some aspects, the purge fluid may be used to clean or purge an automated spray coating apparatus, such as a paint gun. The purge fluid may include a solvent and water. After the purge fluid is utilized for purging or cleaning certain system components, the purge fluid may be treated, subjected to a liquid-solid separation technique, and reused as a purge fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2013
    Publication date: February 27, 2014
    Applicant: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Paul Balent, Gordon M. Carter, Samuel P. Mooney, David W. Scheimann, Shayne B. Hare, Joseph P. Miknevich, Joseph P. Miknevich
  • Publication number: 20140054229
    Abstract: A deoiling or demulsifying composition including talc. Also disclosed is a process for removal of hydrocarbons, oil or oil-bearing formations from an aqueous stream by adding talc to the aqueous stream. The process may also include one or more of: aerating or injecting air or gas into the aqueous stream; agitating the treated stream to form a layer comprising the hydrocarbons, oil or oil-bearing formations; and separating the layer from the aqueous stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 21, 2012
    Publication date: February 27, 2014
    Inventors: Marcelo Costa, Lucas Moore, Cynthia Cardoso
  • Patent number: 8628669
    Abstract: The present invention provides useful biodegradable and environmentally friendly cost effective methods for oil recovery and reclamation from oil spills and chemical spills. More particularly, methods to recover and reclaim hydrocarbons or hydrophobic substances in an aqueous environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Global Green Products, LLC
    Inventors: Larry P. Koskan, Abdul R. Meah, Jon Vander Woude