Utilizing Organic Precipitant Patents (Class 210/725)
  • Patent number: 10183882
    Abstract: The system and method for pretreating turbid seawater utilizes polyelectrolyte dosing, clarification through a clarifier system and centrifugation in a decanter centrifuge followed by microfiltration to treat seawater prior to its injection through a desalination plant. The system for pretreating turbid seawater includes a static mixer for mixing a polyelectrolyte with a stream of turbid seawater to produce a polyelectrolyte-treated seawater mixture. At least one clarifier tank is in fluid communication with the static mixer for receiving the polyelectrolyte-treated seawater mixture and removing a first portion of solids therefrom to produce a clarified seawater mixture. A decanter centrifuge is in fluid communication with the at least one clarifier tank for receiving the clarified seawater mixture and removing a second portion of solids therefrom to produce centrifuged seawater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignee: Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research
    Inventors: Yousef Al-Wazzan, Mansour Ahmed, Abbas Al-Mesri, Mohamed Al-Tabtabaei
  • Patent number: 9631256
    Abstract: This alkali metal and/or alkali earth metal extraction method is superior in terms of cost and allows repeated use of the aqueous solution that extracts alkali metal and/or alkali earth metal from a solid. This method is for extracting alkali metal and/or alkali earth metal from a solid containing an alkali metal and/or alkali earth metal, and involves an elution step in which the solid is added to an amino acid-containing aqueous solution, and the alkali metal and/or alkali earth metal is eluted into the amino acid-containing aqueous solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: AISIN SEIKI KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventor: Yoshiki Wakimoto
  • Patent number: 9371489
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions comprising a plant material and methods for using the same. The methods include extracting or removing a substance from a substrate, or remediating a substrate from a substance. The substance can comprise a hydrocarbon-containing substance, a protein, lipid, wax, fatty acid or fatty alcohol, or a combination thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2016
    Assignee: GreenStract, LLC
    Inventor: Peter Rehage
  • Patent number: 9315849
    Abstract: Methods and compositions for the preparation of soil samples and the determination of the number of microbes within a soil sample are disclosed. The methods include measuring, solubilizing, bleaching and filtering soil samples and measuring the turbidity of the filtered solution. The turbidity of the sample can be determined by visual inspection of a Secchi disk viewed through the column liquid sample in a transparent tubular cylinder, or by using a cell phone camera and application. Devices and kits for the rapid, cost efficient determination of microbial numbers in the field setting are disclosed. The disclosed devices and methods can also be used for applications other than determination of microbial numbers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: Prolific Earth Sciences Corporation
    Inventors: Judith Fitzpatrick, James Sottilo, Austin Lin, Brady Trexler
  • Patent number: 9254453
    Abstract: Method for removing hydrogen sulfide from fluids such as oil and gas well drilling, treatment, and production fluids and effluents from hydrocarbon operations and mineral mining operations. The sulfide scavenger used in the method is a gluconate salt other than ferrous gluconate. The gluconate salt is added to the fluid along with an iron source if iron is not already in the fluid. The gluconate reacts with the iron and forms iron gluconate in the fluid, which in turn reacts with the hydrogen sulfate to form iron sulfide which may be readily removed from the fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2016
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Cato Russell McDaniel, Carl J. Thaemlitz
  • Publication number: 20150044733
    Abstract: A method of separating a lignin-rich solid phase from a solution, comprising: pretreating a lignocellulosic biomass with a pretreatment fluid having to remove soluble components, colloidal material and primarily lignin containing particles; separating the pretreated lignocellulosic biomass from the pretreatment fluid with soluble components, colloidal material and primarily lignin containing particles; flocculating the separated pretreatment fluid with soluble components, colloidal material and primarily lignin containing particles using PEO or CPAM as a flocculating agent; and filtering the flocculated separated pretreatment fluid with soluble components, colloidal material and primarily lignin containing particles to remove agglomerates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: The Research Foundation for The State University of New York
    Inventors: Lakshmi Rakesh Kumar Yasarla, Bandaru V. Ramarao, Thomas Amidon
  • Patent number: 8858802
    Abstract: Methods of deoiling oily water such as SAGD and frac produce water. The oily water is treated with a natural coagulant selected from tannins and chitosan. A cationic and/or anionic flocculant may also be added to the treated oily water. The thus treated oily water may be subjected to conventional mechanical oil separation techniques such as hydrocyclonic separation, dissolved air flotation, entrapped air flotation, induced gas flotation, gravity filters, reverse osmosis filters, API, or Voraxial® bulk separators and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: David M. Polizzotti, Abdul Rafi Khwaja
  • Publication number: 20140263058
    Abstract: A method and system for treating waste water from hydraulic fracturing is disclosed. The treatment includes removing the sand, suspending the inorganic metals and impurities, using flocculation to engulf the impurities, and separating the impurities from the water, resulting in pure water that can be reused in the process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventor: Richard H. Fagher
  • Publication number: 20140166583
    Abstract: A stream of acid mine discharge is treated by mixing an alkaline aqueous solution of sodium borohydride to form a precipitate which is separated from the stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Inventor: James George Clements
  • Patent number: 8728326
    Abstract: The invention relates to a polymer comprising structural units of formula and formula wherein R1, R2, R5 and R6 are independently hydrogen, a methyl group, or —COOH, only one of R1 and R2 or R5 and R6 is —COOH; R3 and R7 are independently hydrogen, or a methyl group; R4 is —COOH, —CONH2 or —OH, when R4 is —OH, R1, R2 and R3 are respectively hydrogen; and R8 is —COO, —CONH, or —O—, when R8 is —O—, R5, R6 and R7 are respectively hydrogen. Methods for preparing and using the polymer are also described herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Wenqing Peng, Yangang Liang, Shengxia Liu, Larry Neil Lewis, Robert James Perry, Stephen Robert Vasconcellos, Su Lu, Guixi Zhang
  • Publication number: 20140117273
    Abstract: A method uses anionic and cationic polymers added in, any order or simultaneously, to aqueous media for the removal of substances. The sequential addition of the two biopolymers, anionic xanthan, followed by cationic chitosan, causes the rapid formation of very large and cohesive fibrillar aggregates that may exhibit high solids to liquid ratios and that quickly settle out from the aqueous media. The aqueous media can be easily separated from the large fibrillar aggregates by settling under gravity or by filtration through a porous containment device, such as a synthetic or non-synthetic woven or non-woven fabric including a geotextile fabric or a solid containment device containing a solid mesh screen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 3, 2014
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: HALOSOURCE, INC.
    Inventors: Everett J. Nichols, James R. Scott, Jeffrey F. Williams, Yongjun Chen
  • Publication number: 20140008305
    Abstract: A method includes the steps, adding divalent calcium to an aqueous medium containing sulfate anions in solution and forming insoluble calcium sulfate in the aqueous medium; adding a water-soluble chitosan to the aqueous medium and forming a chitosan sulfate complex; adding a water-soluble anionic polymer to the aqueous medium to form aggregates comprising the chitosan sulfate complex with the anionic polymer; andremoving the aggregates from the aqueous medium to remove the sulfate anions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2013
    Publication date: January 9, 2014
    Applicant: HALOSOURCE, INC.
    Inventors: Everett J. Nichols, James R. Scott
  • Patent number: 8591744
    Abstract: The current invention relates to composition and method for treating impurities in a circulating water system. The circulating water system impurities may be oversprayed paint in paint spray booth applications. The composition includes an aqueous solution of a cationized starch, a polybasic aluminum salt such as aluminum chlorohydrate or polyaluminum chloride and a solution of a medium to high MW aqueous flocculent. The composition is particularly useful when added to recirculating scrubber water in paint spray booths for effectively treating both water based and solvent based paints.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Joseph P. Miknevich, David W. Scheimann
  • Patent number: 8580917
    Abstract: The invention relates to block polymers, for example, arborescent copolymer compounds, and to methods of making and purifying such compounds. In one embodiment, the invention relates to arborescent polymer compounds that contain one or more styrene polymeric blocks in combination with one or more isobutylene polymeric blocks. In another embodiment, the invention relates to methods for purifying arborescent polymer compounds that contain at least one styrene polymeric block in combination with at least one isobutylene polymeric block.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: The University of Akron
    Inventor: Judit E Puskas
  • Patent number: 8529155
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for making pure salt comprises recapturing post-drilling flowback water from hydro-fracturing; removing oil from the flowback water; filtering the flowback water using an ultra filter with a pore size of about 0.1 microns or less to remove solid particulates and large organic molecules, such as benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene, and xylene, from the water; concentrating the flowback water to produce a brine that contains from about 15 wt % to about 40 wt % of salt relative to the total weight of the flowback brine; performing one or more chemical precipitation process using an effective amount of reagents to precipitate out the desired high quality commercial products, such as, barium sulfate, strontium carbonate, calcium carbonate; and crystallizing the chemically treated and concentrated flowback brine to produce greater than 99.5% pure salt products, such as sodium and calcium chloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: FracPure Holdings LLC
    Inventors: Frank A. DiTommaso, Peter N. DiTommaso
  • Publication number: 20130056422
    Abstract: The present invention is to a process for reducing and removing organic phosphorus acid from waste stream. The process involves adding a multivalent metal salt to the waste stream and adjusting the pH level of the waste stream to an optimum level to maximize the removal of organic phosphorus acid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 1, 2011
    Publication date: March 7, 2013
    Applicant: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Michael Combs, Denis Fallon
  • Patent number: 8383764
    Abstract: The invention relates to block polymers, for example, arborescent copolymer compounds, and to methods of making and purifying such compounds. In one embodiment, the invention relates to arborescent polymer compounds that contain one or more styrene polymeric blocks in combination with one or more isobutylene polymeric blocks. In another embodiment, the invention relates to methods for purifying arborescent polymer compounds that contain at least one styrene polymeric block in combination with at least one isobutylene polymeric block.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: The University of Akron
    Inventor: Judit E. Puskas
  • Patent number: 8323509
    Abstract: A method of rehabilitation of a deposition area to render it suitable for plant growth comprising a particulate mineral material, which particulate mineral material has been dewatered from a suspension of said material, comprising the steps of transferring the suspension of particulate mineral material as a fluid to the deposition area, and in which the suspension is allowed to stand and dewater at the deposition area to form a dewatered particulate mineral material, wherein the rehabilitation of the disposal area is achieved by adding a dewatering amount of a polymer to the suspension of the particulate mineral material while it is being transferred as a fluid to the deposition area, wherein the polymer is either a synthetic water-soluble polymer formed from one or more ethylenically unsaturated monomers having an intrinsic viscosity of at least 4 dl/g or a water-soluble polymer that is a natural polymer or semi natural polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Brian Dymond, John Gerard Bellwood
  • Patent number: 8313654
    Abstract: Methods for aggregating suspended solid particles in an aqueous medium involving mixing the aqueous medium with an effective amount of a flocculant to aggregate the solid particles to form aggregated solid particles, and optionally separating the aggregated solid particles from the aqueous medium. The flocculant is obtained from animal blood. The pH of the aqueous medium may be adjusted to a pH of about 4.5 to about 5.7 by the addition of at least one acid or acidic buffer. The temperature of the aqueous medium may be adjusted to a temperature range of about 10° to about 50° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: George Piazza, Rafael Garcia
  • Patent number: 8282835
    Abstract: The invention provides a method of efficiently removing selenium from water. The method involves: adding an oxidant to the liquid, adjusting the liquid's pH to below 7.5, adding ferric salt in an amount such that less than a quarter of selenium in the liquid precipitates and adding a poly dithiocarbamate material to the liquid in an amount such that the amount of poly dithiocarbamate material (in ppm) is greater than the amount of ferric salt (in ppm). This method removes far more selenium than previous methods, and does it using a smaller amount of expensive chemicals. Moreover this method makes it far more likely to achieve cost effective compliance with the ever-increasing environmental standards for selenium in water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Daniel E. Schwarz, Jitendra T. Shah
  • Patent number: 8273320
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for making pure salt comprises recapturing post-drilling flowback water from hydro-fracturing; removing oil from the flowback water; filtering the flowback water using an ultra filter with a pore size of about 0.1 microns or less to remove solid particulates and large organic molecules, such as benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene, and xylene, from the water; concentrating the flowback water to produce a brine that contains from about 15 wt % to about 40 wt % of salt relative to the total weight of the flowback brine; performing one or more chemical precipitation process using an effective amount of reagents to precipitate out the desired high quality commercial products, such as, barium sulfate, strontium carbonate, calcium carbonate; and crystallizing the chemically treated and concentrated flowback brine to produce greater than 99.5% pure salt products, such as sodium and calcium chloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: FracPure Holdings LLC
    Inventors: Frank A. DiTommaso, Peter N. DiTommaso
  • Patent number: 8241503
    Abstract: Disclosed is an economical process for the purification of water containing soluble and sparingly soluble inorganic compounds using single-stage or two-stage membrane processes that integrate membrane water purification with chemical precipitation softening and residual hardness and silica removal from the membrane concentrates using ion exchange resins and silica sequestering media, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Inventor: Riad Al-Samadi
  • Patent number: 8236180
    Abstract: Disclosed is a boron adsorbent having an excellent adsorbing ability against boron contained in a solution, which is inexpensive and has high general versatility. Also disclosed is a boron removal method which can remove boron efficiently in a simple manner. An amide derivative represented by the general formula (1) is added to a boron-containing water under alkaline conditions to cause the adsorption of boron to the amide derivative. Then, a cation source having two or more valencies is added to the water to cause the aggregation of the amide body. The aggregated amide body is removed from the water. In the general formula (1), m represents 1 or 2; X represents —CH2OH, —CHO or —COOH; n represents an integer of 2 to 5; X are independent from each other and n are independent from each other when m represents 2; and Y represents a monovalent hydrocarbon group having 6 to 16 carbon atoms when m is 1, and represents a divalent hydrocarbon group having 8 to 18 carbon atoms when m is 2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: Kowa Company, Ltd.
    Inventor: Katsumi Yabusaki
  • Patent number: 8158097
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for making pure salt comprises recapturing post-drilling flowback water from hydro-fracturing; removing oil from the flowback water; filtering the flowback water using an ultra filter with a pore size of about 0.1 microns or less to remove solid particulates and large organic molecules, such as benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene, and xylene, from the water; concentrating the flowback water to produce a brine that contains from about 15 wt % to about 40 wt % of salt relative to the total weight of the flowback brine; performing one or more chemical precipitation process using an effective amount of reagents to precipitate out the desired high quality commercial products, such as, barium sulfate, strontium carbonate, calcium carbonate; and crystallizing the chemically treated and concentrated flowback brine to produce greater than 99.5% pure salt products, such as sodium and calcium chloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Assignee: FracPure Holdings LLC
    Inventors: Frank A. DiTommaso, Peter N. DiTommaso
  • Patent number: 8147696
    Abstract: A method for purifying a water process stream whereby a precipitating agent is added to the water process stream to elevate the process stream pH to at least 10.5 to drop out precipitates which form separated solids comprising at least one of calcium precipitate, magnesium precipitate, barium precipitate, strontium precipitate, and silica precipitate. The separated solids are then coagulated and removed from the water process stream so as to yield a purified water process stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Inventor: Ken V. Pandya
  • Patent number: 8147703
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for processing sludge, comprising the addition of a lime-based basic agent to a sludge having a first pH value in order to raise the pH to a second value higher than the first one, adding at least one anionic organic flocculating agent that is active at said second pH value, flocculating the sludge, and separating the flocculated sludge between dehydrated sludge and a liquid phase, wherein the sludge to be dehydrated has a first above-mentioned pH value lower than 9, while the lime-based basic agent induces said pH raise to said above-mentioned second value within less than 5 minutes. The invention also relates to a composition for implementing said processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: S.A. Lhoist Recherche et Developpement
    Inventor: Marc Joseph Henri Remy
  • Patent number: 8137567
    Abstract: A method for fluid remediation and removing particulates from an aqueous stream is described herein. The method can use a separation component and a clarifier component. A slurry can flow to a scalping shaker which can separate the slurry, forming a first effluent. The first effluent can flow from the scalping shaker to a first section and can be agitated. The first effluent can be pumped to a mud cleaner and cleaned, forming a second effluent. The second effluent can flow into a second section and can be agitated. The second effluent can be pumped to a desilter and can be desilted, forming a third effluent. The third effluent can flow to a third section. The third effluent can be pumped to a second tank of the clarifier component. The third effluent can be decelerated within the second tank, forming a clean effluent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Tri-Flo International, Inc.
    Inventor: Edward Beverly Moe
  • Patent number: 8119011
    Abstract: Substitution of a single Ga-atom or single Ge-atom (GaAl12 and GeAl12 respectively) into the center of an aluminum Keggin polycation (Al13) produces an optimal water-treatment product for neutralization and coagulation of anionic contaminants in water. GaAl12 consistently shows ˜1 order of magnitude increase in pathogen reduction, compared to Al13. At a concentration of 2 ppm, GaAl12 performs equivalently to 40 ppm alum, removing ˜90% of the dissolved organic material. The substituted GaAl12 product also offers extended shelf-life and consistent performance. We also synthesized a related polyaluminum chloride compound made of pre-hydrolyzed dissolved alumina clusters of [GaO4Al12(OH)24(H2O)12]7+.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: Sandia Corporation
    Inventors: May D. Nyman, Thomas A. Stewart
  • Publication number: 20120037569
    Abstract: A method of removing mineral hardness of water comprises selecting a mineral hardness solubility constant modifier capable of at least partially precipitating insoluble mineral hardness material from water containing mineral hardness. A pressurized flow of the water containing mineral hardness is generated. The mineral hardness solubility constant modifier is added to the pressurized flow of water containing mineral hardness to form water bearing precipitate mineral hardness. The water bearing precipitate mineral hardness is filtered to at least partially remove the precipitated insoluble mineral hardness material from the water bearing precipitate mineral hardness to form post-filtered water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 16, 2011
    Publication date: February 16, 2012
    Inventor: David MORGAN
  • Patent number: 8101085
    Abstract: Described is a process for treating an animal husbandry effluent slurry, such as hog manure, containing suspended solid particles. The process includes a) providing a liquid portion of the effluent, b) diluting the liquid to a Newtonian fluid, c) assuring the pH is under 10, d) adding to the fluid i) a soluble salt of alkaline earth metal (e.g. CaCl2) and ii) an insoluble basic salt of the same alkaline earth metal (e.g. CaCO3) to balance available cations and promote agglomeration of the suspended solid particles, e) adding a cationic coagulant to obtain a pre-treated destabilized colloid mixture with zero zeta potential value, and f) performing electroflotation to obtain a treated liquid and floated solids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2012
    Assignee: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
    Inventors: Simon Guertin, Daniel Massé, François Lamarche
  • Publication number: 20120006755
    Abstract: Provided is a process for efficiently removing an azole-type anticorrosive for copper from water containing the azole-type anticorrosive for copper, such as wastewater discharged from a CMP step in a fabrication process of a semiconductor device. Ferrous ions are added to water containing an azole-type anticorrosive for copper, and a resulting insoluble iron-azole complex is separated. After the insoluble iron-azole complex is separated, the remaining TOC components are subjected to ozonolysis. The azole-type anticorrosive for copper can be efficiently insolubilized in the form of an iron-azole complex using ferrous ions, and flocculation/solid-liquid separation can be performed. The water after removal of the insoluble matter formed by the addition of ferrous ions is water from which not only the azole-type anticorrosive for copper but also suspended solids have been removed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2009
    Publication date: January 12, 2012
    Applicant: KURITA WATER INDUSTRIES LTD.
    Inventors: Tomoharu Yasuike, Atsushi Nemoto
  • Patent number: 8048314
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method and an apparatus for treating a chlorine-containing waste, which can separate and recover a chlorine component from a chlorine-containing waste, and also can achieve a high chlorine removal thereby obtaining a high purity chlorine compound, and can decrease the amount of water for recovering chlorine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignees: Sumitomo Osaka Cement Co., Ltd., Japan Water Systems Corporation
    Inventors: Masayoshi Konishi, Hideho Hayashi, Ikuko Watanabe, Takehiko Itoh, Takayuki Kuroiwa, Taichiro Fujimaki
  • Patent number: 7998439
    Abstract: A separation and recycling method for recycling uranium and fluoride from a waste liquid sequentially and separately is disclosed. The method comprises a uranium-recycling process and a fluoride-recycling process. In the uranium-recycling process, an alkali metal compound or monovalent cation and a coagulant aid are added into the waste liquid to promote the precipitation of uranium. In the fluoride-recycling process, an alkaline earth metal compound, a strong acid and a coagulant aid are added into the uranium-removed waste liquid to precipitate fluoride. By means of the method of the present invention, the uranium and fluoride contents of the uranium-removed and fluoride-removed waste liquid are compliant with the effluent standards of the environmental laws.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: Institute of Nuclear Energy Research
    Inventors: Chen-Te Lin, Kuo-Hao Tsao, Ben-Li Pen
  • Patent number: 7998351
    Abstract: Composition and method of use for tannin based environmentally benign polymeric coagulants are disclosed. Tannin based coagulants are copolymers of naturally occurring tannins and a cationic monomer. One embodiment of the present invention provides for a composition, of a tannin based polymeric coagulant which is comprised of N,N-(dimethylaminoethyl) methacrylate (MADAME) polymerized using t-butylhydroperoxide and sodium metabisulfite. The resulting polyMADAME is converted to hydrochloride and then blended/reacted in an aqueous medium with tannin to obtain a homogenous poly(MADAME)-tannin composition. The method of use comprises adding an amount of the composition effective for the purpose of clarifying oily wastewater from food and beverage, steel, automotive, transportation, refinery, pharmaceutical, metals, paper and pulp, chemical processing and hydrocarbon processing industries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Inventors: Vinod Kumar Rai, Ashok Shyadligeri, Baraka Kawawa, Abdul Rafi Khwaja, Narain Madhavan
  • Patent number: 7981295
    Abstract: Disclosed is an economical process for the purification of water containing soluble and sparingly soluble inorganic compounds using single-stage or two-stage membrane processes that integrate membrane water purification with chemical precipitation softening and residual hardness and silica removal from the membrane concentrates using ion exchange resins and silica sequestering media, respectively. The purified water recovery is not adversely affected by design and/or operational deficiencies in the chemical precipitation softening system that may result in higher residual hardness and silica in the supernatant from the clarifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Inventor: Riad A. Al-Samadi
  • Patent number: 7943048
    Abstract: A method for recovering tallow from meat processing wastewater includes adding a coagulant composition to the wastewater to agglomerate suspended fat, oil and grease particles in the wastewater, separating solid waste materials from the wastewater and isolating tallow from the solid waste materials. The coagulant composition includes tannin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2011
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Abdul Rafi Khwaja, Stephen R. Vasconcellos
  • Publication number: 20110042321
    Abstract: Methods for aggregating suspended solid particles in an aqueous medium involving mixing the aqueous medium with an effective amount of a flocculant to aggregate the solid particles to form aggregated solid particles, and optionally separating the aggregated solid particles from the aqueous medium. The flocculant is obtained from animal blood. The pH of the aqueous medium may be adjusted to a pH of about 4.5 to about 5.7 by the addition of at least one acid or acidic buffer. The temperature of the aqueous medium may be adjusted to a temperature range of about 10° to about 50° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 19, 2010
    Publication date: February 24, 2011
    Inventors: George Piazza, Rafael Garcia
  • Patent number: 7875189
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for separating suspended solid materials from aqueous systems, in which the latter is mixed with a flocculant made of polymer colloidal particles with cationic surface charge and subsequently the flocculated material is separated from the aqueous system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignees: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Forderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., Leibniz-Institut fur Polymerforschung Dresden e.V.
    Inventors: Werner Jaeger, Bernd-Reiner Paulke, Simona Schwarz, Mandy Mende
  • Publication number: 20110000854
    Abstract: A method uses anionic and cationic polymers added in, any order or simultaneously, to aqueous media for the removal of substances. The sequential addition of the two biopolymers, anionic xanthan, followed by cationic chitosan, causes the rapid formation of very large and cohesive fibrillar aggregates that may exhibit high solids to liquid ratios and that quickly settle out from the aqueous media. The aqueous media can be easily separated from the large fibrillar aggregates by settling under gravity or by filtration through a porous containment device, such as a synthetic or non-synthetic woven or non-woven fabric including a geotextile fabric or a solid containment device containing a solid mesh screen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 6, 2010
    Publication date: January 6, 2011
    Applicant: HaloSource, Inc.
    Inventors: Everett J. Nichols, James R. Scott, Jeffrey F. Williams, Yongjun Chen
  • Patent number: 7846339
    Abstract: Boron is removed from an aqueous boron solution by contacting with the aqueous boron solution with a water-soluble cationic polyelectrolyte, and at least one of polyvinyl alcohol and anionic-modified polyvinyl alcohol under an alkaline condition, and then removing the generated coagulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Assignee: Kowa Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hironori Suzuki, Katsumi Yabusaki
  • Patent number: 7828976
    Abstract: A process for removing phosphorus from wastewater wherein an iron or aluminum salt is added to the wastewater. The iron or aluminum salt results in the precipitation of certain iron or aluminum species that include phosphorus adsorption sites. These iron or phosphorus species are settled and become a part of sludge produced in the course of the wastewater treatment process. By recycling substantial portions of the sludge, the concentration of these iron or aluminum species in the wastewater is increased. This increased concentration results in the presence of large quantities of unused phosphorus adsorption sites that attract and adsorb phosphorus, resulting in phosphorus being removed from the wastewater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2010
    Assignee: I. Kruger, Inc.
    Inventors: Kashi Banerjee, Charles D. Blumenschein, John Charles Schrader
  • Patent number: 7815804
    Abstract: A method or process for treating wastewater containing high organics, silica, boron, hardness, and suspended and dissolved solids. The method includes degasifying the wastewater for the removal of dissolved gases and thereafter chemically softening the wastewater. After the chemical softening step, the wastewater is directed through a media filter or membrane which removes additional solids and precipitants. Thereafter the wastewater is directed through a sodium ion exchange that further softens the wastewater. The effluent from the ion exchange is directed through a cartridge filter and the effluent from the cartridge filter is directed through one or more reverse osmosis units. At a selected phase of the process, prior to the wastewater reaching the reverse osmosis unit or units, the pH of the wastewater is raised and maintained such that the pH of the wastewater reaching a reverse osmosis unit is at a pH greater than 10.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Assignee: OTV SA S.A.
    Inventor: LNSP Nagghappan
  • Patent number: 7758758
    Abstract: A method for removing metals from metal-containing acidic mine wastewater uses a basic sludge produced by the method for treating the wastewater. The wastewater is mixed with a lime slurry and with the basic sludge. This mixture is allowed to separate into an aqueous effluent and an acidic sludge. The effluent is mixed with the lime slurry and with a composition containing an iron compound, to produce a mixture. This mixture is allowed to separate into an aqueous effluent and the basic sludge. Lignin derivatives, such as calcium lignosulfonate, may be included in the treatment mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2010
    Assignee: Noram Engineering and Constructors Ltd.
    Inventors: J. Ming Zhuang, Anthony S. Walsh
  • Patent number: 7722841
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to the use of a combination of a polymeric chelant and coagulant to treat metal containing wastewater. More particularly, the invention is directed at removing copper from CMP wastewater. The composition includes a combination of (a) a polymeric chelant derived from a polyamine selected from the group consisting of diethylenetriamine (DETA), triethylenetetraamine (TETA), tertraethylenepentaamine (TEPA), poly[vinylamine], and branched or linear poly[ethylenimine] (PEI); and (b) a water soluble or dispersible copolymer of a tannin and a cationic monomer selected from the group consisting of methyl chloride or dimethyl sulfate quaternary salt of dimethyl aminoethyl acrylate, diethylaminoethyl acrylate, dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate, diethylaminoethyl methacrylate, dimethylaminopropyl methacrylamide, dimethylaminopropyl acrylamide, and diallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2010
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Baraka Kawawa, Stephen R. Vasconcellos, William Sean Carey, Nicholas R. Blandford
  • Patent number: 7713422
    Abstract: Lignin and alkali are efficiently sorted out of alkaline black liquor discharged from the paper manufacturing/pulp and paper manufacturing industries and the treated water is made as purified water. Acid is added to the black liquor and its pH is adjusted to 2.5 to 3.5. An aggregating agent is added to have lignin contained in the black liquor settled and the black liquor is separated into lignin and clean water. Ozone gas, preferably in the micro bubble state, is given to the clean water for contact reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2010
    Assignee: K.I. System Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sadao Kitagawa, Akira Ako
  • Patent number: 7704399
    Abstract: A system and method for the treatment of water for human consumption using a naturally occurring inorganic catalyst working within a pH range between 3 and 13, combining the inorganic catalyst at 3 parts per million to an oxidant, primarily hydrogen peroxide and a metal salt used as a coagulant and a primary catalyst, resulting in an efficient and economical phasic water purification and filtration system and process. The inorganic catalyst is a zeolite a synthetic zeolite or preferably chabazite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2010
    Inventor: Randy Gene Condit
  • Patent number: 7695630
    Abstract: An ionic conditioning process and molecular arrangement for removing colloids from an aqueous solution, where the aqueous solution is transported to and/or through several conditioning zones for purification. The process utilizes vessels within which stages of conditioning are performed and are monitored. The conditioning processes perform ionic, chemical and physical conditioning to the colloids in the aqueous solution causing the colloids to be transformed into a state that reacts with a polymer flocculating agent and is thereby precipitated rapidly and efficiently for removal. The effluent as well as the precipitate can be further treated with conventional means to meet certain specifications for discharge and disposal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2010
    Inventor: Cesar Ladron de Guevara
  • Patent number: 7641801
    Abstract: A method and system of removing or decreasing waste liquor manganese concentration to less than about 1 mg/L total manganese without the precipitation of significant amounts of magnesium. The method and system include steps for treating the waste liquor using three separate circuits in which in the first circuit, manganese is reduced, for example, from about 2 g/L to <500 mg/L using pH adjustment with a suitable neutralizing agent; and in the second circuit, the final target manganese level is achieved by oxidative precipitation using a suitable oxidizing agent. Part of the precipitated manganese product, e.g., MnO2, is recycled to the oxidative precipitation circuit as seed and the balance proceeds to a third circuit wherein the precipitated manganese product is re-dissolved, and then recycled to the first neutralization circuit. In the first neutralization circuit and the second oxidative precipitation circuit, the process conditions are selected to minimize the precipitation of magnesium, e.g., Mg(OH)2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2010
    Assignee: Vale Inco Limited
    Inventors: Mohamed Buarzaiga, Eric Devuyst, Julian Edwards, Joe Paventi
  • Patent number: 7635434
    Abstract: Solid and liquid concrete waste is collected from a construction site and safely off-loaded at a treatment site. Solid waste is separated and sent to a crusher to be made into road bed aggregate. Liquid waste is put in a first tank to settle the solids, then moved to a second tank to settle remaining fine solids, and moved to a third tank coupled to a circulation pump with CO2 gas injection to lower the pH. The liquid in the third tank is then filtered before discharging for recycle, irrigation or dust control. A precipitate agent is preferable added to the liquid in the third tank to remove heavy metals and the precipitate is periodically backwashed from the filter into the first tank. The sludge created in the settling and filtering process is periodically dewatered in the first tank and mixed with the solid concrete waste sent to the crusher.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2009
    Assignee: Concrete Washout Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin Mickelson, Roger Engelsgaard
  • Patent number: 7628925
    Abstract: The invention concerns a method for dehydrating sludge, comprising adding a basic agent to sludge having a pH not more than 8, adding to the sludge at least one organic flocculating constituent, by adding said basic agent, increasing the sludge pH to a value not more than a pH at which occurs degradation of said at least one organic constituent, flocculating the sludge and separating in the flocculated sludge dehydrated sludge from a liquid phase, said basic agent being a magnesian limestone compound of formula xCaCO3,(1?x)[yMg(OH)2+(1?Y) MgO], wherein 0,45:=x=0,75, and 0=y=, the treated sludge having, until after said separation, said value less than a pH at which occurs degradation of said at least one organic constituent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2009
    Assignee: S.A Lhoist Recherche et Developpement
    Inventors: Marc Remy, Eric Judenne, Matthias Rohmann