With Antifriction, Guide Or Seal Means For Flow Regulator* Patents (Class 239/533.11)
  • Patent number: 11098685
    Abstract: A fuel injector assembly includes a fuel injector and an annular filter coupled with the fuel injector, the annular filter being snap-fitted with one of a nozzle case or an injector body of the fuel injector and slip-fitted with the other of the nozzle case or the injector body. The annular filter has a perforated wall forming a filtration screen covering an actuation fluid inlet formed in the nozzle case and positioned upstream of the actuation fluid inlet to trap particulates in incoming actuation fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2021
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Dianqi Fang, Daniel Bumpus, Diego Caceres, David Martin, Sudhindra Ayanji
  • Patent number: 11053900
    Abstract: A valve for metering a fluid, for example, a fuel injection valve for an internal combustion engine, includes a valve-seat face, an electromagnetic actuator including an armature that includes a through-flow channel that opens with an outlet opening at an end face of the armature, a valve needle on which the armature is movably supported and that is operable using the armature, a valve-closing member that is actuatable by the valve needle and that cooperates with the valve-seat face to form a sealing seat, and a stop element that is mounted fixedly on the valve needle and that interacts with the at least one outlet opening of the at least one through-flow channel such that throttling takes place with respect to the least one through-flow channel when the armature is located with its end face at the stop element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Andreas Schaad, Joerg Abel, Juergen Maier, Martin Buehner, Matthias Boee, Olaf Schoenrock, Philipp Rogler, Stefan Cerny
  • Patent number: 10890152
    Abstract: Among all combinations of two injection holes, in a combination in which when the injection holes are offset such that their central axes are coincident with each other in inlet openings, an inter-injection hole angle formed by the central axes is minimized, the inter-injection hole angle between the two injection holes is represented as yamin[deg], taper angles, which are formed by the respective contours of the injection hole inner walls in the cross sections along the virtual planes including the central axes of the two injection holes that allow the inter-injection hole angle to be minimized, are represented as ?a1 and ?a2[deg], and when fuel is injected from the injection holes, average pressure of the fuel in the fuel passage is represented as P[Mpa], and the injection holes are formed so as to satisfy a relationship: ?amin??a1+?a2+0.5×P0.6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2021
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventor: Noritsugu Kato
  • Patent number: 10718302
    Abstract: The housing includes a first cylinder part having a first end connected to a nozzle, a second cylinder part having a first end connected to a second end of the first cylinder part and forming a magnetic throttle part in at least a part of the second cylinder part in an axial direction, a third cylinder part having a first end connected to a second end of the second cylinder part, and a fuel passage formed inside the first cylinder part, the second cylinder part, and the third cylinder part so as to communicate with injection holes and guide the fuel to the injection holes. A yoke has a cylindrical shape, of which the first end side is connected to the first cylinder part and the second end side is connected to the third cylinder part, and is provided on a radially outer side of the housing such that an axial force is generated in the first cylinder part and the third cylinder part in a direction in which the first cylinder part and the third cylinder part approach each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2020
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventor: Hiromu Aoki
  • Patent number: 10677184
    Abstract: An object of the invention is to provide a drive device of a fuel injection device which can increase the accuracy in an injected fuel injection amount by combining the fuel injections from a plurality of injection pulse widths. In the drive device of the fuel injection device which has a function of driving the fuel injection device such that the fuel injection is performed plural times in one combustion cycle, the fuel injection device is driven such that a fuel injection at a target opening level in which a valve element or a movable element of the fuel injection device reaches a regulation member and a fuel injection at an intermediate opening level in which the valve element does not reach the regulation member are included in the plural times of division injections performed in one combustion cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: Hitachi Automotive Systems, Ltd.
    Inventors: Ryo Kusakabe, Toshihiro Aono, Motoyuki Abe, Takuya Mayuzumi, Masahiro Toyohara, Takashi Okamoto, Osamu Mukaihara, Shinji Nakagawa, Yusuke Kihara
  • Patent number: 10550811
    Abstract: A fuel valve for injecting fuel into the combustion chamber of a large two-stroke self-igniting internal engine combustion engine, with a valve needle that is resiliently biased towards a valve seat. The effective pressure surface that causes fuel pressure to urge the valve needle in the opening direction increases significantly when the valve needle has lift from the valve seat. A supplementary effective pressure surface is provided on the valve needle. The supplementary effective pressure surface creates a force urging the valve needle towards the valve seat when the supplementary effective pressure surface is exposed to fuel pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2020
    Assignee: MAN ENERGY SOLUTIONS, FILIAL AF MAN ENERGY SOLUTIONS SE, TYSKLAND
    Inventor: Johannes Flarup
  • Patent number: 10406537
    Abstract: A method of fabricating a nozzle that includes casting and curing a first material using a patterned nip roller to form a first microstructured pattern of discrete microstructures, deforming at least one of the discrete microstructures; replicating the first microstructured pattern, including the at least one deformed discrete microstructure, in a second material different than the first material to make a replicated structure comprising a plurality of blind holes formed in the second material, removing second material of the replicated structure to expose tops of microstructures in the first microstructured pattern, and removing the first material from the replicated structure, resulting in a nozzle having a plurality of through-holes in the second material and corresponding to the first microstructured pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
    Inventors: Jun-Ying Zhang, Michael R. Gorman, Haiyan Zhang, Raymond P. Johnston, Barry S. Carpenter, John C. Clark
  • Patent number: 10378498
    Abstract: A valve assembly for a fluid injector is disclosed. The valve assembly includes a valve body having a longitudinal axis, an armature, a valve needle having a needle tip and a damping element. The armature and the damping element include penetrating first openings in which the valve needle is arranged. The damping element is fixed to the valve needle and arranged between the armature and the needle tip with respect to the longitudinal axis to attenuate a movement of the valve needle relative to the valve body during the operation of the valve assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: CPT Group GmbH
    Inventors: Licia Del Frate, Carla Genise, Marco Maragliulo, Francesco Sabatini
  • Patent number: 10344722
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to fluid injection and the teachings thereof may be embodied in an injector. Some embodiments include an injector comprising: a valve with a valve body and a valve needle; an armature mechanically coupled to the valve needle for moving the valve needle away from a closing position; and a damping element. The valve needle moves in the valve body and seals the valve. The armature displaces the valve needle away from the closing position. The damping element comprises: a hydraulic chamber and a piston arranged to modify a fluid volume of the hydraulic chamber. The piston reduces the fluid volume of the hydraulic chamber when the valve needle moves away from the closing position. A flow restricting orifice hydraulically connects the hydraulic chamber to the cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GMBH
    Inventors: Xaver Gebhardt, Daniele Carli, Christoph Hamann, Ivano Izzo, Anatoliy Lyubar
  • Patent number: 10302057
    Abstract: A movable core is movable relative to a needle main body of a needle. A stationary core is placed on an opposite side of the movable core, which is opposite from a valve seat. A spring is operable to urge the needle and the movable core toward the valve seat. A spring seat is shaped into a ring form and is placed on a radially outer side of the needle main body at the valve seat side of the movable core. The spring is placed between the movable core and the spring seat and is operable to urge the movable core toward the stationary core. A guide is placed on the valve seat side of the movable core in an inside of a housing. An outer wall of the spring seat is slidable relative to an inner wall of the guide to guide reciprocation of the needle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shinsuke Yamamoto, Shinobu Oikawa, Tomoji Matsukawa, Moriyasu Gotoh, Eiji Itoh
  • Patent number: 10202930
    Abstract: A fuel injection valve has first injection holes, second injection holes, a first needle that opens and closes the first injection holes, and a second needle. The fuel injection valve is arranged such that a part of fuel injected from the first injection hole and a part of fuel injected from the second injection hole are gathered together at a position spaced from the side wall of the cavity by a predetermined distance. The second needle starts operating to open the second injection holes, after a predetermined time elapses from a point in time at which the first needle starts operating to open the first injection holes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Hisaki Ito, Noriyuki Takada, Tsutomu Kawae
  • Patent number: 10202931
    Abstract: An internal combustion engine includes a piston and a fuel injection valve. The fuel injection valve includes a first injection hole, a second injection hole, a first needle configured to open and close the first injection hole, and a second needle configured to open and close the second injection hole. The first injection hole and the second injection hole are configured such that a portion of a fuel spray injected from the first injection hole and a portion of a fuel spray injected from the second injection hole overlap each other at a position apart at a predetermined distance from a side wall of a cavity of the piston. The second needle is configured to start operation in order to open the second injection hole after a predetermined time has elapsed from a point of time when the first needle starts operation in order to open the first injection hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Hisaki Ito, Noriyuki Takada
  • Patent number: 10190555
    Abstract: It is important not to form the partial bump in the collision structural part, however the fixed core and the movable core are relatively inclined due to an accumulation of tolerances and therefore even if each collision structural part of the fixed core and the movable core in formed in a flat shape, the fixed core and the movable core are contacted with not the whole of the collision structural parts but a part of the collision structural parts at the moment of the collision. In a case in which the collision structural part is formed in a ring shape or an intermittent ring shape, the fixed core and the movable core are contacted with each other at outer peripheral parts. Thus, when the fixed core and the movable core are collided with each other, a high stress is applied to the outer peripheral parts contacted first.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: Hitachi Automotive Systems, Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsushi Takaoku, Yuta Yanagisawa, Kiyotaka Ogura
  • Patent number: 10030621
    Abstract: A fuel injection valve includes: a valve member; an anchor configured to be relatively displaceable in a valve opening-and-closing direction with respect to the valve member; a fixed core; a first spring biasing the valve member in a valve closing direction; a second spring biasing the anchor in the valve opening direction from an opposite side of the fixed core; and a third spring biasing the anchor in the valve closing direction from the fixed core side and has a biasing force smaller than a biasing force of the first spring and larger than a biasing force of the second spring where engagement portions are provided in both the anchor and the valve member to be engaged with each other when the anchor is displaced in the valve opening direction with respect to the valve member, thereby regulating the displacement of the anchor in the valve opening direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS, LTD.
    Inventors: Atsushi Nakai, Yoshihito Yasukawa, Masashi Sugaya, Kiyotaka Ogura, Takao Miyake, Ryo Kusakabe
  • Patent number: 10018169
    Abstract: A nozzle assembly for a fuel injector includes a nozzle needle (1), which is accommodated in a high-pressure bore (2) of a nozzle body (3) in such a way that the nozzle needle can be moved in a reciprocating manner in order to open and close at least one injection opening (4) and to which a spring force of a spring (5) is applied at least indirectly in a closing direction. The nozzle needle (1) is at least partially surrounded by a throttle bore body (7) in order to form at least one closing throttle (6). The throttle bore body (7) has a multi-part design and comprises at least two sleeves (7.1, 7.2), which are at least partially guided in each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Andreas Koeninger
  • Patent number: 10006428
    Abstract: An electromagnetic fuel injection valve wherein a movable core disposed opposing an attracting face of a fixed core is slidably fitted onto a stem forming a valve body together with a valve part operating in cooperation with a valve seat, a valve-open side stopper is fixed to the stem so that, by making the movable core, that is attracted to the face when energizing a coil, abut against this stopper, the body is operated to open, and a valve-closed side stopper is fixed to the stem further on the seat side than the other stopper so as to restrict a stroke of the movable core between these stoppers. At least an end part of one of the valve-closed side stopper and the movable core, the end part being on a side of the other one thereof, is formed to gradually decreasing its cross-sectional area in going toward the other one.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignee: Keihin Corporation
    Inventors: Takahiro Yasuda, Junichi Miyashita, Masateru Moriya, Yasuhiko Nabeshima, Kousaku Yotoriyama
  • Patent number: 9828930
    Abstract: Various methods and systems are provided diagnosing a valve. In one example, a system comprises a valve configured to regulate a fuel flow, and a controller configured to determine degradation of the valve based on an initial opening characteristic of the valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Paul Gerard Nistler, Jeffrey David Willis
  • Patent number: 9765740
    Abstract: A fuel injection valve is provided that can reduce variations in stroke length by reducing distortion during welding, and consequently can reduce variations in flow rate of injected fuel. The fuel injection valve has a nozzle; a fixed valve that is press-fit into a tip of the nozzle and has a fuel injection port from which the fuel is injected; and a movable element that forms a fuel seal section by abutting against the fixed valve, and opens and closes the fuel injection port. The fixed valve and the nozzle are fixed in place by welding at a position with no space due to press-fitting. A groove that serves as an empty space is provided in a continuation of a welded section that is formed in the fixed valve and the nozzle by the welding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Assignee: Hitachi Automotive Systems, Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsushi Takaoku, Yasuo Namaizawa, Hideharu Ehara, Masahiro Soma
  • Patent number: 9719471
    Abstract: The invention relates to a fuel injection valve, comprising a nozzle body (1) and a pressure chamber (3) formed therein, wherein the pressure chamber (3) can be filled with fuel under high pressure and wherein a piston-shaped nozzle needle (5) is arranged in the pressure chamber so as to be movable longitudinally, which nozzle needle interacts with a nozzle seat (7) formed in the nozzle body (1) by means of a sealing surface (6) formed at the end of the nozzle needle on the combustion chamber side and thereby controls the flow of fuel from the pressure chamber (3) to at least one injection opening (8). A sleeve (12) accommodates the end of the nozzle needle (5) facing away from the nozzle seat and bounds a control chamber (20). By means of the pressure of the control chamber, a hydraulic force is applied to the nozzle needle (5) in the direction of the nozzle seat (7). A closing spring (16) is arranged in the control chamber (20).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Andreas Ohm, Christian Wehr, Christian Kanka
  • Patent number: 9624845
    Abstract: A dual fuel injector may be used to inject both gas and liquid fuel into a cylinder of a compression ignition engine. An injector body defines a first set of nozzle outlets, a second set of nozzle outlets, a first fuel inlet and a second fuel inlet. A dual solenoid actuator includes a first armature, a first coil, a second armature and a second coil that share a common centerline. The dual solenoid actuator has a non-injection configuration at which the first armature is at an un-energized position and the second armature is at an un-energized position. The dual solenoid actuator has a first fuel injection configuration at which the first fuel inlet is fluidly connected to the first set of nozzle outlets, the first armature is at an energized position and the second armature is at the un-energized position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Hoisan Kim, Mark F. Sommars, Xiangdong Ding
  • Patent number: 9593655
    Abstract: A fuel delivery system for a direct injection internal combustion engine having two fuel rails and a plurality of fuel injectors attached to and fluidly connected with each fuel rail. A first fuel pump has its output connected with the first fuel rail while a second fuel pump has its output connected with the second fuel rail. A crossover pipe fluidly connects the outlets of both the first and second pumps. Both the first pump and the second pump each have an intake stroke and a pumping stroke. Furthermore, the intake stroke of the first pump coincides with the pumping stroke of the second pump and vice versa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Donald J. McCune, Harsha Badarinarayan, Pilar Hernandez Mesa, George Saikalis
  • Patent number: 9551310
    Abstract: A valve device includes a housing, a flow duct and a valve body. The valve body is arranged in the flow duct and bears with a sealing section against a housing-side sealing seat when the valve device is closed. The valve body is guided along a movement axis by a housing-side guide surface and bears with a stop surface against a housing-side movement limiting surface when the valve device is open to the maximum. The guide surface is provided by a guide element, and the sealing seat and the movement limiting surface are provided separately by the guide element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2017
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Michael Kleindl, Tamim Latif
  • Patent number: 9463479
    Abstract: A phosphor dispenser includes: a nozzle having a space for accommodating the phosphor liquid, wherein an opening for ejecting the phosphor liquid is connected to the space; and a tappet reciprocally movable with respect to the nozzle to eject the phosphor liquid in the space through the nozzle, wherein the tappet includes a cylindrical unit having a cylindrical shape and a convex unit having a hemispherical shape that is convex towards the nozzle from the cylindrical unit, and the convex unit is formed of polycrystalline diamond (PCD).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hun-yong Park, Ho-moon Lee, Choo-ho Kim
  • Patent number: 9441589
    Abstract: In a fuel injector, a first surface 39 of a valve seat 38 and a second surface 31 of a valve 26 are facing each other. In the first surface or the second surface, a seal member 32 disposed between the valve seat and the valve is provided. One of the first surface and second surfaces includes a protruding portion 31a that protrudes toward the other surface, and the protruding portion contacts a contact portion 39a of the other surface. The surface hardness of the protruding portion 31a disposed on either of the first surface and second surface is lower than that of the contact portion 39a of the other surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2016
    Assignee: AISAN KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventor: Hiroshi Kawazoe
  • Patent number: 9027859
    Abstract: A gas fuel injection valve is provided in which a circular recess is formed in a front end face of a valve plunger, the circular recess being surrounded by an annular land part, which is an outer peripheral part of the front end face, an inner peripheral face of the circular recess is formed in a tapered shape so as to increase in diameter in going from a base of the circular recess toward the annular land part, an annular lip is formed on a seating member, the annular lip being joined from the inner peripheral face through to the annular land part and being seated on a valve seat, and the annular lip is disposed so that an annular ridge line of an apex of the annular lip is positioned, in a projection in the axial direction of the valve plunger, above the inner peripheral face.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Keihin Corporation
    Inventor: Naoto Takiguchi
  • Patent number: 8991783
    Abstract: In a fuel injection valve, it is intended to enhance valve-closing responsivity while maintaining durability (anti wear property) of a collision portion between a stationary core and a movable core and valve-opening responsivity. An annular end face 106A of the movable core 106 in the fuel injection valve is provided with a collision portion 106C that collides to a stationary core 107 when the movable core is magnetically attracted toward the stationary core side and a non-collision portion that keeps a fluid gap between both cores at an area of an outer side or an inner side from the collision portion. The annular end faces of the stationary core and the movable core are coated with platings 30, 31 having anti wear property, and at least one of the platings of the stationary core and the movable core is formed in such a manner that the thickness thereof at the collision portion 106C is to be thicker and the thickness thereof at the non-collision portion is to be thinner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Hitachi Automotive Systems, Ltd.
    Inventors: Motoyuki Abe, Masahiko Hayatani, Tohru Ishikawa, Takehiko Kowatari, Atsushi Takaoku, Yasuo Namaizawa, Yusuke Irino
  • Patent number: 8978623
    Abstract: A dual fuel common rail fuel injector includes a first and second check needle used to selectively inject two different fuels such as diesel and liquefied natural gas. The fuel injector includes a fuel separator disposed in the interior cavity of the first check needle and is in sealing contact with the nozzle. The fuel separator is configured to prevent commingling of the diesel fuel and the liquefied natural gas. The fuel injector also includes at least one sealing member that is configured to prevent the diesel fuel from leaking from the diesel fuel check cavity into a gaseous fuel orifice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Mark F. Sommars, Hoisan Kim, Xiangdong Ding
  • Patent number: 8919674
    Abstract: A fuel injection valve that promotes formation of thin membranes of fuel within injection holes and promotes atomization of spray is obtained. Holes provided in an injection hole plate 11 are combined injection holes 16 formed by partially overlapping two or more single injection holes 15a, 15b, 15c from an upstream side to a downstream side of the injection hole plate 11, each of the single injection holes is a circular hole, the single injection hole has an injection hole angle ? defined by a tilt angle of a center axis line connecting an entrance part center and an exit part center relative to a plate thickness direction of the injection hole plate 11, areas of exit parts 16b are larger than areas of entrance parts 16a in the combined injection holes 16, and the combined injection holes 16 are formed by press working.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Kyosuke Watanabe, Naoya Hashii, Tsuyoshi Munezane
  • Patent number: 8919673
    Abstract: A fuel nozzle includes a fuel plenum, an outer body surrounding the fuel plenum, and bore holes that extend longitudinally through the outer body. The fuel nozzle also includes means for fixedly attaching the fuel plenum to the outer body and passages that provide fluid communication between the fuel plenum and the bore holes. A method for manufacturing a fuel nozzle includes drilling bore holes longitudinally through an outer body and drilling passages in the outer body to the bore holes. The method further includes inserting a fuel plenum into the outer body, wherein the passages provide a fluid communication between the bore holes and the fuel plenum, and attaching the fuel plenum to the outer body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Karthik Subramanian, Bryan Wesley Romig
  • Patent number: 8893989
    Abstract: A fuel injector, particularly for the direct injection of fuel into a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, has an actuator for actuating a valve needle; at a spray-discharge end, the valve needle having a valve-closure member that, together with a valve-seat surface configured on a valve-seat member, forms a sealing seat at a seat-contact point; the valve-seat member and/or the valve-closure member being provided with at least one stiffness-reducing element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Martin Mueller
  • Patent number: 8881363
    Abstract: There is provided a coupling process whereby two components can be coupled together at high positional precision regardless of precision of a single component. A softer component 17 of two components 15, 17 to be coupled together is subjected to shearing by a corner 15c of a harder component 15 while respective parts of the two components 15, 17, positioning of the respective parts being required, are kept as-positioned state with the use of a mandrel 31, and a side face of the corner 15c is fitted to a sheared surface 17c of the softer component 17 during shearing in progress, subsequently coupling the two components 15, 17 together at a fitting surface by plastic coupling, press-fitting, or welding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi Automotive Systems, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenichi Gunji, Masato Higuma
  • Patent number: 8864054
    Abstract: The invention relates to a fuel injector and, in particular, to a common-rail injector for injecting fuel into a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine with a multi-part injection valve element, which can be adjusted between an open position and a closed position. A first part and a second part of the injection valve element are coupled to one another via a hydraulic coupler, which is bounded radially by a first guide for the first part and by a second guide for the second part. According to the invention, at least some sections of the first and the second guide are surrounded at their outer radii by fuel under high pressure, and the pressure realized in the hydraulic coupler is lower than the pressure radially outside the guides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Matthias Burger, Hans-Christoph Magel
  • Patent number: 8800529
    Abstract: A dual fuel injection valve with concentric needles comprises an inner needle and an outer needle surrounding the inner needle, both needles being located inside the injection valve body. The valve is provided with a first set and a second set of orifices for separately injecting two different fuels directly into the combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine. The outer needle is fixed against rotation with respect to the injection valve body such that an interlace angle between the centerlines of the first series of orifices and second series of orifices is set at different predetermined angles to reduce methane emissions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Westport Power Inc.
    Inventors: Michael C. Wickstone, Philip G. Hill, Jian Huang, Sandeep Munshi
  • Patent number: 8763588
    Abstract: A vibration insulator which can compensate for axial eccentricity occurring in a fuel injection valve and suppress vibrations of the valve during operation of a combustion engine and a support structure for the valve. The vibration insulator is interposed between a step height portion of the valve and a shoulder portion. The step height portion is increased in diameter in a tapered fashion and inserted into an insertion hole of a cylinder head. The shoulder portion is annularly extended in an inlet portion of the insertion hole opposed to the step height portion. The vibration insulator includes an annular tolerance ring on an inner circumferential inclined face thereof with recessed tapered faces opposed to the tapered face of the step height portion and which abuts the tapered face. The taper angles of the tolerance ring and of the step height portion are set so as to be different.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignees: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha, Uchiyama Manufacturing Corp.
    Inventors: Natsuki Sugiyama, Tomokazu Sumida, Seizo Watanabe
  • Patent number: 8490888
    Abstract: A fuel injector for delivering fuel to a combustion chamber having a chamber ceiling, the fuel injector having a primary axis and able to control fuel delivery through a first outlet opening or together through both the first outlet opening and a second outlet opening. The first and second outlet openings are oriented such that, in use, when fuel delivery is permitted through only the first outlet opening, a first spray formation reaches a first target distance below the chamber ceiling at a radial distance from the primary axis. When fuel delivery is permitted through both openings together, respective first and second spray formations merge externally of the injector so as to give rise to a combined spray formation reaching second target distance below the chamber ceiling at the radial distance from the primary nozzle axis, wherein the second target distance is larger than the first target distance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Delphi Technologies Holding S.arl
    Inventors: Godfrey Greeves, Simon David Tullis
  • Patent number: 8459574
    Abstract: A valve for the injection of fuel has a valve body (4) which has a recess (5) in which a valve needle (6) that is movable in the axial direction is arranged. The valve needle (6) together with the valve body (4) forms an injection nozzle (7) in a downstream zone. In a closed position the valve needle (6) prevents a stream of fuel from passing through the injection nozzle (7) but otherwise leaves it unimpeded. At a downstream end the injection nozzle (7) has a deflecting element (20) so arranged that a stream of fuel is deflected from taking a predominantly upstream course from the deflecting element (20).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: Continental Automotive GmbH
    Inventors: Erwin Achleitner, Claus Anzinger, Willibald Schürz
  • Patent number: 8371107
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for the regeneration, temperature loading and/or thermal management of a component, assigned to an exhaust system, of an internal combustion engine. The device includes at least one injection valve which injects a fluid, in particular fuel, into the exhaust system, preferably in chatter mode, for example as a function of the pressure of the supplied fluid. The injection valve has a valve head and a valve seat which have geometries designed in such a way that a fluidic force of the supplied fluid acting on the injection valve drops continuously over a stroke of the valve head. The invention also relates to an injection valve having such valve-head and valve-seat geometries and to a corresponding method for the regeneration, temperature loading and/or thermal management of a component, assigned to an exhaust system, of an internal combustion engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Rainer Haeberer, Joerg Lange, Volker Reusing, Tobias Reiser, Stefan Stein
  • Patent number: 8371515
    Abstract: An injector used for an internal combustion engine includes a valve needle which closes a fuel passage by contacting a valve seat and opens the fuel passage by separating from the valve seat. A coil and a magnetic core are provided to drive the valve needle, and an anchor is held in a relatively displaceable state with respect to the valve needle. A first biasing device biases the valve needle in a direction opposite to a direction of a drive force, and a second biasing device biases the anchor in the direction of the drive force with a set load smaller than that of the first biasing device. A restricting feature restricts relative displacement of the anchor with respect to the valve needle in the direction of the drive force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Motoyuki Abe, Masahiko Hayatani, Atsushi Sekine, Yasuo Namaizawa, Tohru Ishikawa, Noriyuki Maekawa
  • Patent number: 8317112
    Abstract: A valve seat (16?) for a fuel injector (10) includes a main body (27) having a proximal and a distal end with at least one orifice (24) extending through the main body. A seating surface (22) is provided on the main body to receive a closure member (20) of a fuel injector such that when the closure member engages the seating surface, the at least one orifice is closed. A guide surface (36) is provided on the main body to guide movement of the closure member. An annular wall (26) extends in a cantilever manner from the main body at the distal end thereof and defines an outer peripheral portion of the valve seat. The wall is constructed and arranged to deform during welding at the wall so as to isolate effects of the welding from the seating surface and the guide surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Continental Automotive Systems US, Inc.
    Inventors: Dean Leigh Spiers, William J. Imoehl
  • Patent number: 8302888
    Abstract: The invention relates to a fuel injector, in particular a common rail injector, for injecting fuel into a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine. The fuel injector has a multi-part injection valve element, which is adjustable between a closing position and an opening position and includes a first part and at least one second part that is adjustable relative to the first part. The first and second parts are coupled to one another via a hydraulic coupler volume. According to the invention, it is provided that the first part is guided in the second part, or the second part is guided in the first part, and that the coupler volume communicates with an injector volume via at least one throttle arrangement. The throttle arrangement is embodied such that the volumetric through flow increases only disproportionately little with an increasing pressure difference between the coupler volume and the injector volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Matthias Burger, Hans-Christoph Magel
  • Publication number: 20120266843
    Abstract: A fuel injection apparatus for an internal combustion engine including a fuel injector having a leading end portion that has an internal space in which fuel is stored and an injection nozzle for injecting fuel; and an adsorbent disposed in the internal space, the adsorbent being capable of selectively adsorbing an alcohol component in a blended fuel of gasoline and alcohol. The adsorbent has a characteristic such that an amount of alcohol adsorption is small when a fuel pressure is low and large when the fuel pressure is high. Adsorption of alcohol onto, and desorption of alcohol from, the adsorbent can be controlled by changing the fuel pressure in the internal space.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 12, 2010
    Publication date: October 25, 2012
    Applicant: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Mamoru Yoshioka, Fumito Chiba, Takahiro Tsukagoshi, Ryota Onoe
  • Patent number: 8267333
    Abstract: A fuel injector and a method of assembly includes a determination of various flow areas through clearances or openings formed in various components of the injector. With the various flow areas determined, the various components can be classified according to their flow areas such that sets of components can be selected having desirable flow area characteristics for assembly of the fuel injector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen R. Lewis, Shriprasad Lakhapati, Christopher D. Hanson, Avinash Manubolu, Daniel R. Ibrahim
  • Patent number: 8245955
    Abstract: The occurrence of leaks can be reduced by a fuel injection device (10) for injecting fuel into the combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, wherein the fuel injection device (10) has an injection valve element (14) with a first section (26) on which a guide bearing element (20) is arranged, with provision being made for a first pressure chamber (22) in an area around the guide bearing element (20).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Assignee: Continental Automotive GmbH
    Inventor: Günger Yurtseven
  • Patent number: 8231069
    Abstract: In a fuel injection nozzle for an internal combustion engine, a first cavity is disposed downstream of a valve seat in a direction in which fuel flows. A second cavity is disposed downstream of the first cavity in the direction in which the fuel flows. A fuel passage connects the first cavity to the second cavity. Fuel injection holes (24) lead to the second cavity. With this configuration, when the fuel flows through the first fuel passage, cavitation is induced. Cavitation bubbles flow into the second cavity along with the fuel. When the fuel is retained in the second cavity, the cavitation bubbles are uniformly mixed into the fuel. The fuel, which has been sufficiently mixed with the cavitation bubbles, is injected from the fuel injection holes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Eriko Matsumura, Tomojiro Sugimoto, Motonari Yarino
  • Publication number: 20120153053
    Abstract: The invention relates to a fuel injection valve for injecting fuel into a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, having a nozzle needle (1) which is guided, such that it can perform a stroke movement, in a central bore (2) of a nozzle body (3) in order to open up or close off at least one injection opening (4), wherein the nozzle needle (1) interacts, by means of an encircling sealing region (5) formed on the combustion-chamber-side end thereof, with a sealing seat (6) that runs conically and is formed on the combustion-chamber-side end of the nozzle body (3). According to the invention, the sealing seat (6) that runs conically has an opening angle (?1) of between 30° and 50°, preferably of between 40° and 50°.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2010
    Publication date: June 21, 2012
    Applicant: ROBERT BOSCH GMBH
    Inventors: Wilhelm Christ, Gerhard Suenderhauf, Michael Leukart, Katja Grothe
  • Patent number: 8201753
    Abstract: An actuator module including a piezoactuator, for example for a piezoinjector for metering fuel in an internal combustion engine, is proposed. The piezoactuator has piezoelements stacked one above another between an actuator head and an actuator foot and is provided with at least one elastomer layer enclosing the piezoelements. The elastomer layer is enveloped by a corrugated bellows or by telescopic tubes, composed of a material that is diffusion-impermeable with respect to a fuel to be metered by the piezoinjector. The corrugated bellows or the telescopic tubes have on their periphery grooves which can absorb expansions of the elastomer layer or of the piezoactuator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Rudolf Heinz, Dieter Kienzler, Udo Schaich
  • Patent number: 8146839
    Abstract: A fuel injection device for an internal combustion engine includes a housing and a valve element which is arranged in the housing. The valve element interacts, in the region of a fuel outlet opening, with a valve seat. The valve element is embodied by at least one first part and at least one second part which are coupled to one another by means of a hydraulic coupler. The hydraulic coupler has a coupling chamber which is delimited at least partially by a sleeve which is guided on the first part of the valve element. Additionally a guide element guides an end region of the first part of the valve element, which end region being oriented toward the second part of the valve element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Wolfgang Braun, Dirk Vahle, Martin Katz, Alexander Wernau
  • Patent number: 8087598
    Abstract: A nozzle module for an injection valve has a nozzle body with a recess with a wall, being operable to hydraulically couple the recess to a high pressure fluid circuit, a seal seat embodied on the wall, at least one nozzle needle arranged in an axially moveable fashion in the recess. The needle has a seat area with a sealing surface interacting with the seal seat to open and close the valve, respectively, and a supporting area, arranged radially outside and axially at a distance from the seat area and supporting the needle against the wall when the needle closes. The needle has at least one needle recess, which when the supporting area rests against the wall of the body recess, an area of the body recess facing axially away from the seat area is hydraulically coupled to an area of the body recess which axially faces the seat area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Assignee: Continental Automotive GmbH
    Inventors: Uwe Leuteritz, Ferdinand Löbbering
  • Patent number: 8069653
    Abstract: A dispensing module having a dispenser body having a liquid passageway, a valve element movably mounted within the liquid passageway, and a nozzle removably coupled with the dispenser body. The nozzle has a valve seat contacted by a tip of the valve element for modulating liquid flow through the liquid passageway. The tip may be made of a harder material than the valve seat and may have a surface finish characterized by an Ra less than or equal to about 32 microinches. The tip may have a compound angle provided by contiguous frustoconical surfaces of differing included angles in which one frustoconical surface contacts the valve seat. The nozzle is configured to be attached to the dispenser body so that the valve seat and a sealing surface of the valve element tip form a circular line of contact when among multiple different nozzles and dispenser bodies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: Nordson Corporation
    Inventor: Charles P. Ganzer
  • Patent number: 8061632
    Abstract: A fuel injector for internal combustion engines provided with a fuel feeding channel, the feeding channel having an axis and an injection outlet; an injection valve to control the outlet; an injection valve having a shutter arranged inside the feeding channel to define, within the feeding channel, a first fuel introduction section, the shutter being movable from and to a closing position along the feeding channel, which has a second section; and an annular sealing seat arranged on the feeding channel upstream of the outlet; an elastic member for normally keeping the shutter in the closing position; an actuator mechanism connected to the shutter to displace the shutter itself from the closing position and to an opening position of the outlet; and a hydraulic resistance that is provided along the feeding channel upstream of the annular sealing seat to balance the forces acting upon the shutter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2011
    Assignee: Magneti Marelli S.p.A.
    Inventors: Stefano Petrecchia, Andrea Cobianchi