With Absorbents Patents (Class 252/190)
  • Patent number: 10486103
    Abstract: A system includes a gas turbine system and an aftertreatment system coupled to an exhaust outlet of the gas turbine system and configured to treat exhaust gases exiting the exhaust outlet. The aftertreatment system includes a cooling unit configured to cool the exhaust gases and a carbon dioxide (CO2) treatment unit coupled to the cooling unit and configured to treat cooled exhaust gases by reducing an amount of CO2 in the cooled exhaust gases with lithium hydroxide (LiOH). The aftertreatment system includes a LiOH supply unit coupled to the CO2 treatment unit and configured to feed LiOH into the CO2 treatment unit such that a reaction between LiOH and CO2 occurs inside the CO2 treatment unit to convert CO2 into lithium carbonate (Li2CO3) and water (H2O). The aftertreatment system also includes a treated exhaust outlet coupled to the CO2 treatment unit and configured to discharge treated exhaust gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Todd Richard Uebele, Doanh Thuc Tran
  • Patent number: 10010829
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to methods for removing CO2 from air, which comprises exposing sorbent covered surfaces to the air. The invention also provides for an apparatus for exposing air to a CO2 sorbent. In another aspect, the invention provides a method and apparatus for separating carbon dioxide (CO2) bound in a sorbent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: Carbon Sink, Inc.
    Inventors: Allen B. Wright, Klaus S. Lackner, Burton Wright, Matt Wallen, Ursula Ginster, Eddy J. Peters
  • Patent number: 9802154
    Abstract: Dry processes, apparatus, compositions and systems are provided for reducing emissions of sulfur oxides, and sulfur dioxide in particular, and/or HCl and/or Hg in a process employing a combination of a lime-based sorbent, in particular hydrated lime and/or dolomitic hydrated lime, and a sorbent doping agent administered to achieve coverage of a three-dimensional cross section of a passage carrying SOx and/or HCl and/or Hg-containing gases with a short but effective residence time at a temperature effective to provide significant sulfur dioxide and/or HCl and/or Hg reductions with high rates of reaction and sorbent utilization. The once-through, dry process can advantageously introduce the sorbent and sorbent doping agent dry or preferably as a slurry to enable uniform treatment. Preferred sorbent doping agents include water-soluble or water-dispersible copper and/or iron compositions which can be heated to an active form in situ by the flue gases being treated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: FUEL TECH, INC.
    Inventors: Christopher R. Smyrniotis, Kent W. Schulz, Emelito P. Rivera, Ian Saratovsky, Vasudeo S. Gavaskar
  • Patent number: 9777236
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for treating a hydrocarbon gas stream containing H2S and mercaptans, in which dialkyldisulfides are produced then removed by hydrogenation, as well as a device for carrying out said method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: TOTAL SA
    Inventors: Claire Weiss, Kamlesh Ghodasara
  • Patent number: 9642394
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention relate to porous carbon and methods of preparing porous carbon. In some embodiments, the prepared porous carbon exhibits enhanced selectivity for hydrogen cyanide (HCN), In one embodiment, the method comprises impregnating activated carbon with a metal oxide, such as zinc oxide. The carbon is suitable for use in smoke filtration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO (INVESTMENTS) LIMITED
    Inventors: Peter Branton, Bertram Bohringer, Sven Fichtner, Jann-Michael Giebelhausen
  • Patent number: 9365423
    Abstract: The system includes adsorbent-packed towers 11 and 21 filled with H2S adsorbent which triethanolamine is supported by activated carbon. Mixed gas derived from a synthesis gas containing CO2 and H2S at about 40° C. is supplied to the adsorbent-packed towers 11 and 21 through a line. Valves 12 and 13 are opened, valves 22 and 23 are closed, valves 14 and 15 are closed, and valves 24 and 25 are opened to perform adsorption of H2S contained in the gas to be treated in the adsorbent-packed tower 11 in a dry state and to perform desorption of H2S in the adsorbent-packed tower 21. When adsorption of H2S contained in the gas to be treated is performed in the adsorbent-packed tower 21 and desorption of H2S is performed in the adsorbent-packed tower 11, the valves 12, 13, 24, and 25 are closed and the valves 22, 23, 14, and 15 are opened.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Takashi Nakamoto, Toshinori Muraoka, Shigenobu Okajima, Norihiko Kumada, Masatoshi Hirokawa, Takatoshi Shoji
  • Patent number: 9227172
    Abstract: An acid gas sorbent composition is disclosed. The composition comprises a compound having the following formula: (SiO2)x(OH)y F.B wherein F optionally exists and said F is at least one of the following: a functionalized organosilane, a sulfur-containing organosilane, or an amine-containing organosilane; and wherein B is a hygroscopic solid at a preferred water to solid molar ratio of about 0.1 to about 6, and more particularly, B is a basic inorganic solid including, but not limiting to, alkali or alkali-earth metal oxides, hydroxides, carbonates, or bicarbonates, containing at least one of the following metal cations: calcium, magnesium, strontium, barium, sodium, lithium, potassium, cesium, lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, samarium, europium, gadolinium, dysprosium, scandium, ytterbium, yttrium, or erbium; wherein the molar ratio of y/x is equal to about 0.01 to about 0.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2016
    Assignee: Ecolab USA Inc.
    Inventors: Ian Saratovsky, Tommy Hung-Ting Chen, Nicholas S. Ergang, Lewis B. Benson
  • Publication number: 20150139887
    Abstract: A solid material is disclosed for reversibly adsorbing carbon dioxide. The material comprises a porous carrier material. Deposited on the carrier material is a salt that is capable of reacting with carbon dioxide. Optionally the solid material further contains a particulate, water-insoluble inorganic material. The material can be used in a process for recovering carbon dioxide from a carbon dioxide containing gas mixture. The gas mixture can be atmospheric air. The process comprises a temperature swing between an adsorption temperature T1 and a desorption temperature T2. The difference between T2 and T1 is less than 200 ° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Timo Roestenberg, Gerrit Brem
  • Publication number: 20150139877
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for purifying a gaseous mixture containing acidic gases, such as a natural gas, including contacting the gaseous mixture with an absorbent solution including: from 35% to 45% by weight of at least one tertiary amine relative to the total weight of the absorbent solution; from 4% to 12% by weight of at least one activator relative to the total weight of the absorbent solution selected from the primary amines and the secondary amines, the total content of tertiary amine and activator being from 38% to 50% by weight relative to the total weight of the absorbent solution, and the total concentration of tertiary amine and activator being between 3.8 and 4.2 mol/L; from 17% to 25% by weight of at least one C2 to C4 thioalkanol relative to the total weight of the absorbent solution; and the remainder being water to reach 100% by weight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: TOTAL S.A.
    Inventors: Claire Weiss, Renaud Cadours, Jing Zhao, Virenkumar Shah
  • Publication number: 20150132207
    Abstract: An absorbent is prepared by dissolving in water 1) monoethanolamine (MEA) and 2) a primary amine represented by the following formula (1) and having high steric hindrance. Releasability of CO2 or H2S during regeneration of the absorbent is thereby improved, and the amount of water vapor used during regeneration of the absorbent in a facility for recovering CO2 or H2S can be reduced. R1 to R3: H or a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, at least one of R1 to R3 being a hydrocarbon.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicants: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD., THE KANSAI ELECTRIC POWER CO., INC.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Tanaka, Hiromitsu Nagayasu, Takuya Hirata, Tsuyoshi Oishi, Takashi Kamijo
  • Publication number: 20150125368
    Abstract: The present invention describes the process of preparing ceramics for the absorption of ACIDIC gases, which worsen the greenhouse effect, that are released in combustion systems, or that are present in closed environments. In relation to carbon dioxide, principal target of the present invention, the process of absorption, transport, processing and transformation of the gas into other products is described. The process uses ceramic materials prepared through the solid mixture of one or more metallic oxides, with one or more binding agents and an expanding agent. The product generated can be processed and the absorbent system regenerated. The carbon dioxide obtained in the processing can be used as analytic or commercial carbonic gas, various carbamates and ammonium carbonate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 5, 2015
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Jadson Cláudio BELCHIOR, Geraldo Magela DE LIMA, Geison VOGA PEREIRA, Rogério DE OLIVEIRA, Wellerson FONSECA RIBEIRO, Fabrício VIEIRA DE ANDRADE
  • Publication number: 20150114226
    Abstract: Methods and compositions useful, for example, for physical solvent carbon capture. A method comprising: contacting at least one first composition comprising carbon dioxide with at least one second composition to at least partially dissolve the carbon dioxide of the first composition in the second composition, wherein the second composition comprises at least one siloxane compound which is covalently modified with at least one non-siloxane group comprising at least one heteroatom. Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) materials and ethylene-glycol based materials have high carbon dioxide solubility but suffer from various problems. PDMS is hydrophobic but suffers from low selectivity. Ethylene-glycol based systems have good solubility and selectivity, but suffer from high affinity to water. Solvents were developed which keep the desired combinations of properties, and result in a simplified, overall process for carbon dioxide removal from a mixed gas stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Hunaid NULWALA, David LUEBKE
  • Publication number: 20150111018
    Abstract: In some embodiments, the present disclosure pertains to methods of capturing a gas from an environment by associating the environment with a porous carbon material that includes, without limitation, protein-derived porous carbon materials, carbohydrate-derived porous carbon materials, cotton-derived porous carbon materials, fat-derived porous carbon materials, waste-derived porous carbon materials, asphalt-derived porous carbon materials, coal-derived porous carbon materials, coke-derived porous carbon materials, asphaltene-derived porous carbon materials, oil product-derived porous carbon materials, bitumen-derived porous carbon materials, tar-derived porous carbon materials, pitch-derived porous carbon materials, anthracite-derived porous carbon materials, melamine-derived porous carbon materials, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments, the associating results in sorption of gas components (e.g., CO2, H2S, and combinations thereof) to the porous carbon material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: James M. Tour, Desmond E. Schipper, Chih-Chau Hwang, Josiah Tour, Almaz S. Jalilov, Gedeng Ruan
  • Publication number: 20150110697
    Abstract: A methyl iodide adsorber, comprising a zeolite containing at least one iodide-adsorbing metal or a compound thereof, wherein the zeolite is a hydrophobic zeolite. Also, a use of the adsorber and a method for the adsorption of methyl iodide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH
    Inventors: Katharina Donabauer, Arno Tissler, Mika Endler, Olaf Buttner
  • Publication number: 20150098889
    Abstract: This invention relates to a carbon dioxide absorbing composition including a tertiary alkanolamine, and to a method and apparatus for absorbing carbon dioxide using the same, wherein in a process and apparatus for absorbing and recovering carbon dioxide from a gas mixture including carbon dioxide, a solid-phase bicarbonate crystal including high-concentration carbon dioxide is crystallized from a carbon dioxide absorbing composition having absorbed carbon dioxide and is then selectively separated, thereby efficiently recovering and regenerating carbon dioxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 3, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventors: Taesung JUNG, Jong-Nam KIM, Hee Tae BEUM, Sang-Sup HAN, Cheol-Ho MOON, Chang-Sin JO
  • Publication number: 20150098890
    Abstract: This invention relates to a carbon dioxide absorbing composition including a sterically hindered alkanolamine, and to a method and apparatus for absorbing carbon dioxide using the same, wherein in a process and apparatus for absorbing and recovering carbon dioxide from a gas mixture including carbon dioxide, a solid-phase bicarbonate crystal including high-concentration carbon dioxide is crystallized from a carbon dioxide absorbing composition having absorbed carbon dioxide and is then selectively separated, thereby efficiently recovering and regenerating carbon dioxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 3, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventors: TAESUNG JUNG, Jong-Nam Kim, Hee Tae Beum, Sang-Sup Han, Cheol-Ho Moon, Chang-Sin Jo
  • Publication number: 20150093314
    Abstract: An absorbent composition that is useful in the selective removal of hydrogen sulfide relative to carbon dioxide from gaseous mixtures that comprise both hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide and the use thereof. The absorbent composition includes an aqueous solvent that comprises an amine mixture, comprising an amination reaction product of tert-butylamine and a polydispersed polyethylene glycol mixture, and water with a concentration of an added strong acid to inhibit phase separation of the aqueous solvent. The operation of certain gas absorption processes can be improved by the use of the absorbent composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: James Edward Critchfield, Diego Patricio Valenzela, Loren Clark Wilson, Jingjun Zhou
  • Publication number: 20150093310
    Abstract: The invention relates to a filter material which is used, in particular in filters or as a filter for treating and/or purifying gas, in particular for clean room environments. The filter material comprises at least one activated carbon, in particular with reactive and/or catalytic finishing and the activated carbon is present in the form of discrete activated carbon particles, preferably in a spherical and/or grain form. The activated carbon comprises and/or is provided with at least one metal component which contains at least one metal-containing ionic liquid (IL), containing in particular metal ions, preferably based on a metal compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Applicants: FRIEDRICH-ALEXANDER-UNIVERSITAT ERLANGEN-NUMBERG, BLUCHER GMBH
    Inventors: Bertram Böhringer, Ilsebill Eckle, Peter Wasserscheid, Daniel Roth
  • Publication number: 20150078977
    Abstract: A method is provided for separating carbon dioxide from a flue gas of an incineration system, wherein bicin and/or EDTA is mixed as an oxidation inhibitor into a scrubbing solution with an amine-containing absorption agent, the flue gas is brought into contact with the scrubbing solution prepared in such a manner for absorption of the carbon dioxide contained therein, and the scrubbing solution is then thermally treated, the carbon dioxide being desorbed thereby. A corresponding scrubbing solution comprising an amine-containing absorption agent and comprising bicin and/or EDTA as an oxidation inhibitor is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Applicant: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Bjorn Fischer, Ralph Joh, Diego Andres Kuettel, Rudiger Schneider
  • Publication number: 20150071840
    Abstract: A solvent for recovery of carbon dioxide from gaseous mixture having at least amine, and at least one salt of an amino carboxylic acid or amino sulfonic acids. One specific solvent contains less than about 75% by weight of water and has a single liquid phase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: Carbon Clean Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
    Inventors: Prateek Bumb, Prakash D Vaidya
  • Publication number: 20150056116
    Abstract: Composite materials and methods of preparing C02 capture include: (1) a porous solid support comprising a plurality of porous channels; and (2) a nucleophilic source associated with the porous channels of the porous solid support. The nucleophilic source is capable of converting the captured C02 to poly(C02). Methods of capturing C02 from an environment include associating the environment with the aforementioned composite materials to lead to the capture of C02 from the environment. Such methods may also include a step of releasing the captured C02 from the composite material. The associating step comprises a conversion of the captured C02 to poly(C02) in the composite material. A releasing step may also include a depolymerization of the formed poly(C02).
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Applicant: William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: James M. Tour, Chih-Chau Hwang
  • Patent number: 8961820
    Abstract: An granular composition for absorbing liquids, the composition comprising perlite, super-absorbent polymer, a pH-indicating dye, and a minor amount of water. According to one preferred embodiment of the invention, the subject composition comprises about 80 weight percent perlite, about 5 weight percent SAP, about 0.0125 weight percent pH indicating dye (most preferably phenolphthalein), and from about 7 to about 9 weight percent water in the final product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: NCH Corporation
    Inventors: Robert C. Pearce, III, Katrell Deon Copeland, Alisha D. Farrington, Ecaterina Henderson
  • Patent number: 8961821
    Abstract: A process of treating a gas stream containing mercury and acid gas pollutants is disclosed. The process includes applying a sorbent composition into a gas stream in order to adsorb mercury containing compounds and acid gas pollutants. The sorbent composition includes a compound having the formula (SiO2)x(OH)yMzSaF.B. The combination of basic inorganic solids for the adsorption of acid gases, and metal sulfide-doped silica for the adsorption of mercury provides dual sorbent functionality, along with additional benefits for each individual sorbent: silica for moisture retention on the surface of the basic inorganic particle and adsorption of acid gas, which will improve metal sulfide performance at higher operating temperatures. The use of a hygroscopic solid effectively dries the metal sulfide-doped silica slurry without the use of filtration of drying equipment, providing significant economic benefit for the manufacture of metal sulfide-doped silica material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Ecolab USA Inc.
    Inventors: Nicholas S. Ergang, Ian Saratovsky, Tommy Chen
  • Publication number: 20150044114
    Abstract: An acid gas absorbent according to an embodiment includes at least one kind of amino acid salt represented by the following general formula (1). In the above-described formula (1), R1 indicates a cyclic alkyl group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms, R2 indicates a cyclic alkyl group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms, a chain alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or a hydrogen atom, R3 indicates a methylene group, an alkylene group having 2 to 4 carbon atoms, an alkylidene group having 2 to 4 carbon atoms, or a polymethylene group having 3 to 4 carbon atoms, and M indicates alkali metal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 4, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA
    Inventors: Shinji MURAI, Yasuhiro KATO, Yukishige MAEZAWA, Takehiko MURAMATSU, Daigo MURAOKA, Satoshi SAITO
  • Publication number: 20150044725
    Abstract: A method of separating nucleic acids from cells, the method comprising incubating a sample comprising cells with a solid substrate that binds to the cells, whereby the cells adhere to the solid substrate; suspending the solid substrate adhered to the cells in a lysis composition comprising about 100 mM to about 300 mM of alkaline metal salt, and having a pH of about 6 to about 8; lysing the cells in the lysis composition to obtain a lysed solution; and obtaining the nucleic acids from the lysed solution; as well as related compositions and kits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chang-eun YOO, Yeon-jeong Kim, Dong-hyun Park, Kyung-yeon Han
  • Publication number: 20150034867
    Abstract: A method for treating a contaminated alkaline amino acid salt solution is provided. First, carbon dioxide is introduced into the amino acid salt solution, with the result that carbonate or carbonate salts is or are precipitated, these being filtered off. The remaining filtrate is then cooled, amino acid or amino acid salts being crystallized out and likewise being filtered off. The amino acid or amino acid salt is then dissolved again, with the result that a treated amino acid salt solution is recovered.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 8, 2011
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Erwin Johannes Martinus Giling, Earl Lawrence Vincent Goetheer, Ralph Joh, Rüdiger Schneider, Johannes Van der Meer, Dirk Verdoes
  • Publication number: 20150014182
    Abstract: Methods and systems for capturing carbon dioxide and producing fuels such as alcohol using a solvent including a nanoparticle organic hybrid material and a secondary fluid are disclosed. In some embodiments, the methods include the following: providing a solvent including a nanoparticle organic hybrid material and a secondary fluid, the material being configured to capture carbon dioxide; introducing a gas including carbon dioxide to the solvent until the material is loaded with carbon dioxide; introducing at least one of catalysts for carbon dioxide reduction and a proton source to the solvent; heating the solvent including the material loaded with carbon dioxide until carbon dioxide loaded on the material is electrochemically converted to a fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2012
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Ah-Hyung Alissa Park, Camille Petit, Youngjune Park, Kun-Yi Andrew Lin
  • Publication number: 20140356268
    Abstract: The absorption of CO2 from a gas mixture by contacting the gas mixture with an absorption medium that comprises water and 5 to 50 wt % of amino acid salts of formula R1R2CHNHCH2COOK, in which R1 and R2 are n-alkyl radicals and the radicals R1 and R2 together have 2 to 4 carbon atoms, affords a high CO2 absorption capacity per unit weight in the cyclical operation of absorption and desorption.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2012
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: Alexander Schraven, Günter Knaup, Rolf Schneider
  • Publication number: 20140346397
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are compounds, compositions, methods and kits for purifying a serine protease and serine proteases purified with the compounds, compositions and methods.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2013
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventors: Anjali Pandey, Jack W. Rose
  • Publication number: 20140346396
    Abstract: A composition is provided for converting and removing undesirable gases from air comprising manganese dioxide, titanium dioxide and an alkali.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2013
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL, INC. - PATENT SERVICES M/S AB/2B
    Inventors: PETER M. MICHALAKOS, MARK KOCH
  • Patent number: 8894956
    Abstract: Disclosed is an sorbent for removing sulfur dioxide (SO2) contained in combustion flue gases or in the atmosphere by using a diamine-based ionic liquid or a diamine compound supported by a polymer resin. To be specific, the present invention relates to a method of using a tertiary diamine compound immobilized on a polymer surface as a SO2 sorbent and also relates to a novel sorbent for absorbing or adsorbing a sulfur dioxide hydrate (SO2.H2O) formed by a bond between SO2 and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Hyun Joo Lee, Seung Rok Lim, Kean Im Lee, Chang Soo Kim, Hoon Sik Kim, Ji Sik Choi, Sang Deuk Lee
  • Patent number: 8893652
    Abstract: Animal bedding having one or more solvents and a lignocellulosic fiber, wherein the lignocellulosic fiber has been processed by ruminant digestion and anaerobic digestion. A method for preparing pelletized animal bedding is also disclosed including the steps of providing excrement from a cow which has undergone ruminant digestion, introducing the cow excrement into an anaerobic digester, modifying the cow excrement to a first wet product, drying the first wet product to generate a first dry product, and densifying the first dry product to, in turn, generate pelletized animal bedding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: CCD Holdings LLC
    Inventors: Carey J. Boote, Russ Malek
  • Patent number: 8894879
    Abstract: A lignocellulosic fibrous composite having one or more solvents and a dried lignocellulosic fiber, wherein the dried lignocellulosic fiber has been processed by ruminant digestion and anaerobic digestion. A method for preparing a lignocellulosic fibrous composite is also disclosed including the steps of providing excrement from an animal which has undergone ruminant digestion, introducing the cow excrement into an anaerobic digester, modifying the cow excrement to a first wet product, and drying the first wet product to, in turn, generate a lignocellulosic fibrous composite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: CCD Holdings LLC
    Inventors: Carey J. Boote, Russ Malek
  • Publication number: 20140332720
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing a carbon dioxide absorbent and to the absorbent manufactured by the method. The method comprises: (A) a step of preparing a slurry composition including a carrier composition containing a support, an inorganic binder, and a solvent; (B) a step of preparing solid particles by spray drying the thus-prepared slurry composition; (C) a step of manufacturing a carrier by dry calcining the thus-prepared solid particles; and (D) a step of receiving an amine compound into the pores of the thus-manufactured carrier. According to the absorbent of the present invention, an absorbing reaction and a regenerating reaction at a low temperature range (less than or equal to 100° C. may be conducted, and therefore, the cost for capturing CO2 in a dry capturing process may be expected to decrease.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2011
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: KOREA ELECTRIC POWER CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tae Hyoung Eom, Joong Beom Lee, Chong Kul Ryu, Kyeong Sook Kim
  • Publication number: 20140319419
    Abstract: The invention comprises an absorbent composition and process for purification of gaseous mixtures. The composition comprises a mixture of a physical absorption solvent and an ionic liquid. It was found that the mixtures provided improved absorption of a gas component, such as carbon dioxide, when compared physical absorption solvents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2013
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Erin M. Broderick, Alakananda Bhattacharyya
  • Patent number: 8858828
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a scrubbing composition containing an aqueous solution of 2-(3-aminopropoxy)ethan-1-ol. The scrubbing composition is especially suited for use in removing acid gases, such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide, from gas streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Huntsman Petrochemical LLC
    Inventors: Howard P. Klein, Robert A. Grigsby, Jr., Jingjun Zhou, Patrick Holub, Attila Gaspar, Zsolt Gaspar
  • Publication number: 20140301930
    Abstract: The absorbent solution for removing acidic compounds contained in a gas effluent comprises water and at least one amine that is selected from among tertiary monoalkanolamines that contain an etheric function and belong to the 3-alkoxypropylamine family having general formula (A). The method for removing the acidic compounds contained in a gas effluent involves placing a gas effluent 1 into the column C1 together with the absorbent solution 4.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2012
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Bruno Delfort, Dominique Le Pennec, Julien Grandjean
  • Publication number: 20140291578
    Abstract: The invention is directed to an adsorbent comprising: a) 20-30% porous carbon with incorporated organic nitrogen species; and b) 70-80% inorganic matter. The invention is directed to a method of making an adsorbent which comprises: a) thermally drying dewatered sewage sludge to form granulated organic fertilizer; and b) pyrolyzing said the organic fertilizer at temperatures between 600 and 1000° C. The invention is additionally directed to the process of removing acidic gases from wet air streams comprising putting an adsorbent in contact with the wet air stream and allowing the adsorbent to adsorb the acidic gases.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2014
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: Research Foundation of the City University of New York
    Inventors: Teresa J. Bandosz, Andriy Bahryeyev, David C. Locke
  • Publication number: 20140294708
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for removing mercaptans from a gas stream gas stream, comprising the steps: a) providing a first mercaptan-comprising gas stream comprising at least a mercaptan of the general formula: R1—SH, wherein R1 is an alkyl group comprising 1 to 4 carbon atoms; and b) contacting the mercaptan-comprising gas stream with an absorption medium comprising a substituted disulphide and a nitrogen-containing base to obtain a second mercaptan-depleted gas stream, wherein: the substituted disulphide is of the general formula R2—SS—R3 wherein: R2 and R3 are carbon comprising substituents of which the corresponding R2—SH and R3—SH thiols have a vapour pressure below the vapour pressure of any R1—SH thiol.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2011
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Inventors: Jozef Jacobus Titus Smits, Sipke Hidde Wadman
  • Publication number: 20140284521
    Abstract: This invention provides a CO2 desorption catalyst that has an excellent CO2 desorption activity and that can be used to replace metal filler.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2012
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Applicant: THE KANSAI ELECTRIC POWER CO., INC.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Deguchi, Tsunenori Watanabe, Yasuyuki Yagi
  • Publication number: 20140286844
    Abstract: Provided herein are sorbents for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture, such as from natural gas and coal-fired power plant flue gases, and uses thereof
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventors: Jennifer Wilcox, T. Daniel P. Stack, Zhenan Bao, Brannon Gary, Jiajun He, John To
  • Patent number: 8840806
    Abstract: Provided is an absorbent for capturing carbon dioxide. The absorbent may include an amino acid with multiple amine groups and an alkali-metal hydroxide mixed with the amino acid and thus, may increase an absorption capacity for carbon dioxide. When a sterically hindered effect is induced to the amino acid with multiple amine groups, the absorption capacity for carbon dioxide may increase and heat of absorption reaction may decrease and thus, energy consumed for regeneration of an absorbent may be reduced. The absorbent for capturing carbon dioxide may include amino acid with multiple amine groups and the metal hydroxide, and may provide a functional group around the amine groups to cause an sterically hindered effect and thus, the absorption capacity for carbon dioxide and an carbon dioxide absorption rate may increase, and the capital cost for a carbon dioxide capturing process and an operating cost may be significantly reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Soon Kwan Jeong, Sung Chan Nam, Si Hyun Lee, Sang Do Kim, Dong Hyuk Jeon, Yeo Il Yoon, Il Hyun Baek, Jin Ah Lim, Dae Hoon Kim
  • Publication number: 20140248492
    Abstract: The invention is directed to an adsorbent comprising: a) 20-30% porous carbon with incorporated organic nitrogen species; and b) 70-80% inorganic matter. The invention is directed to a method of making an adsorbent which comprises: a) thermally drying dewatered sewage sludge to form granulated organic fertilizer; and b) pyrolyzing said the organic fertilizer at temperatures between 600 and 1000° C. The invention is additionally directed to the process of removing acidic gases from wet air streams comprising putting an adsorbent in contact with the wet air stream and allowing the adsorbent to adsorb the acidic gases.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 12, 2014
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Applicant: Research Foundation of the City University of New York
    Inventors: Teresa J. Bandosz, Andriy Bahryeyev, David C. Locke
  • Publication number: 20140241966
    Abstract: Supported amine polymer adsorbents based on polymers containing only or primarily primary amines sites are to be used as regenerable adsorbents for CO2 capture from ultra-dilute gas streams, such as ambient air, or from mixtures of gases containing preferably at least 10% oxygen. and can also be useful for use at the moderate gas pressures found in typical post-combustion capture processes, such as flue gas from large point sources such as coal-fired power plants. Preferred supported solid amine adsorbents of this invention are based on poly(allylamine) (“PAA”) and poly(vinyl amine) (“PVAm”), both of which are linear polymers, and their derivatives, containing substantially all primary amine groups, supported on substrates. Preferred such substrates include silica mesocellular foam (MCF) and mesoporous-?-alumina, as well on mesoporous-?-alumina coated throughout the pores of MCF, most preferably of monolithic structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 25, 2013
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Inventors: Ratayakorn Khunsupat, Christopher W. Jones, Sumit Bali
  • Publication number: 20140234191
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novel class of aminopyridine derivatives with the general formula: wherein R1; R2, R3, and R4 are each independently hydrogen, an alkyl group, —(O—CH2—CH2)n-OH wherein n is an integer from 0 to 8, —CH2—(O—CH2—CH2)n-OH wherein n is an integer from 0 to 8, an hydroxyalkyl group, an aminoalkyl group where the nitrogen can be part of a 5 or 6 ring membered cycle, an alkylene group containing quaternary ammonium, a carboxylic acid and/or a salt thereof, or a sulphonic acid and/or a salt thereof, preferably R1; R2, R3, and R4 are each hydrogen. The compounds are useful for removal of hydrogen sulfide and other impurities from fluid streams containing hydrogen sulfide, including selective removal from such streams which also contain carbon dioxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2012
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Christophe R. Laroche, Gerardo Padilla
  • Publication number: 20140234192
    Abstract: 1) A first amine, which is a straight chain secondary monoamine, 2) a second amine, which is a cyclic secondary polyamine as a reaction accelerator, and 3) a third amine, which is an amine consisting of one selected from a cyclic amine group constituted from a secondary or tertiary amino group or a straight chain amine group with high steric hindrance are mixed to obtain an absorbent. By the synergistic effect thereof, absorption properties to CO2 and/or H2S are excellent and the absorbed CO2 or H2S emission properties during the regeneration of the absorbent become excellent. Therefore, the water vapor amount used during the regeneration of the absorbent in CO2 recovery equipment can be reduced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2012
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicants: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD., THE KANSAI ELECTRIC POWER CO., INC.
    Inventors: Takuya Hirata, Hiroshi Tanaka, Tsuyoshi Oishi, Masahiko Tatsumi, Yasuyuki Yagi
  • Patent number: 8790587
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods for treating hazardous materials, such as those which result from an unwanted spill or leak, which comprise one or more of the steps or effects of: neutralizing the dispersed material; solidifying the dispersed material; immobilizing the material; and/or reducing the evolution of harmful or unwanted gaseous forms from the spillage, preferably using a binding agent which comprises a polyacrylate-polyacrylamide cross-linked copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Rajiv R. Singh, Ian Shankland
  • Publication number: 20140190871
    Abstract: This disclosure provides an adsorbing agent which, on the basis of the total weight of the adsorbing agent, comprises the following components: 1) a Si—Al molecular sieve having a BEA structure, in an amount of 1-20 wt %, 2) at least one binder selected from the group consisting of titanium dioxide, stannic oxide, zirconium oxide and alumina, in an amount of 3-35 wt %, 3) a silica source, in an amount of 5-40 wt %, 4) zinc oxide, in an amount of 10-80 wt %, and 5) at least one promoter metal selected from the group consisting of cobalt, nickel, iron and manganese, based on the metal, in an amount of 5-30 wt %, wherein at least 10 wt % of the promoter metal is present in a reduced valence state. The adsorbing agent exhibits improved activity and stability, and at the same time, is capable of significantly improving the octane number of the product gasoline.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicants: RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF PETROLEUM PROCESSING,SINOPEC, CHINA PETROLEUM & CHEMICAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Wei Lin, Huiping Tian, Zhenbo Wang
  • Patent number: 8765010
    Abstract: A lignocellulosic fibrous composite having one or more solvents and a dried lignocellulosic fiber, wherein the dried lignocellulosic fiber has been processed by ruminant digestion and anaerobic digestion. A method for preparing a lignocellulosic fibrous composite is also disclosed including the steps of providing excrement from an animal which has undergone ruminant digestion, introducing the cow excrement into an anaerobic digester, modifying the cow excrement to a first wet product, and drying the first wet product to, in turn, generate a lignocellulosic fibrous composite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Eco-Composites LLC
    Inventors: Carey J. Boote, Russ Malek
  • Publication number: 20140178279
    Abstract: A liquid, aqueous CO2 absorbent comprising two or more amine compounds, where the aqueous solution of amines having absorbed CO2 is not, or only partly miscible with an aqueous solution of amines not having absorbed CO2, where at least one of the amines is a tertiary amine, and where at least one of the amines is a primary and/or a secondary amine, wherein the tertiary amine is DEEA and the primary and/or secondary amine(s) is (are) selected from DAB, DAP, DiAP, DMPDA, HEP, or the tertiary amine is DIPAE, or N-TBDEA and primary and/or secondary amine(s) is (are) selected from DAB, DAP, DiAP, DMPDA, HEP, MAPA, and MEA, and a method for CO2 capture using the CO2 absorbent, are described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2012
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: Aker Engineering & Technology AS
    Inventors: Hallvard F. Svendsen, Anastasia A. Trollebø