Vaporization, Or Expansion, Refrigeration Or Heat Or Energy Exchange Patents (Class 252/67)
  • Patent number: 11459497
    Abstract: Non-ozone depleting and non-flammable refrigerant compositions with GWPs less than 1050 which may replace HFC404A, HFC507 and HFC410A in refrigeration and air-conditioning systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2022
    Assignee: RPL Holdings Limited
    Inventors: John Edward Poole, Richard L. Powell
  • Patent number: 11447673
    Abstract: To provide a composition for a hat cycle system which comprises a working fluid containing 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene, having cycle performance sufficient as an alternative to R410A while suppressing influence over global warming, and a heat cycle system employing the composition. A composition for a heat cycle system, which comprises a working fluid for heat cycle containing 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene, CF3I and at least one compound selected from a hydrofluorocarbon, a hydrofluoroolefin other than 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene and a hydrocarbon, and having a temperature glide of at most 7° C., and a heat cycle system employing the composition for a heat cycle system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2021
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2022
    Assignee: AGC Inc.
    Inventors: Masato Fukushima, Hiroki Hayamizu
  • Patent number: 11447675
    Abstract: Provided is a refrigerant composition that has a low GWP; is non-flammable or mildly flammable; and has a refrigerating capacity (Cap) and/or coefficient of performance (COP) equivalent to or higher than those of traditional refrigerants, such as R-134a, R-410A, R-123, or R-404A, when used as an alternative refrigerant for these traditional refrigerants. Specifically, provided is a refrigerant composition containing FO-1216 and a hydrofluoroolefin, wherein the hydrofluoroolefin is at least one member of HFO-1234ze and HFO-1243zf.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2021
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2022
    Assignee: DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Yuuki Yotsumoto, Ikumi Tomotsuka, Akihito Mizuno, Yuzo Komatsu
  • Patent number: 11441059
    Abstract: To provide a propellant which has sufficient propelling performance and of which a component to be sprayed imposes low environmental burden, a propellant composition and a sprayer. A propellant composition comprising a propellant containing 1-chloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene and a pressurizing agent, and a sprayer comprising the propellant composition, a container in which the propellant composition is contained, and a spray unit to spray the propellant composition to the outside of the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2020
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2022
    Assignee: AGC Inc.
    Inventors: Hiroki Hayamizu, Masato Fukushima
  • Patent number: 11434402
    Abstract: A refrigerant for a cooling device comprising a cooling circuit with at least one heat exchanger, the refrigerant undergoing a phase transition in the heat exchanger, the refrigerant being a refrigerant mixture composed of a mass fraction of carbon dioxide (CO2), a mass fraction of pentafluoroethane (C2HF5) and a mass fraction of at least one other component, wherein the mass fraction of carbon dioxide in the refrigerant mixture is up to 60 mass percent, the mass fraction of pentafluoroethane being 11 to 72 mass percent, the other component being 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (C3H2F4), the mass fraction of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene being up to 51 mass percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2020
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2022
    Assignee: WEISS TECHNIK GMBH
    Inventors: Murat Aydin, Christian Haack
  • Patent number: 11427521
    Abstract: A cleaning method may include: bringing an article to be cleaned into contact with a liquid-phase solvent composition including 1-chloro-2,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene and 1-chloro-2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropane; and exposing the article to be cleaned to steam generated by evaporating the liquid-phase solvent composition. In the liquid-phase composition, a proportion of a content of 1-chloro-2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropane to a total of a content of 1-chloro-2,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene and a content of 1-chloro-2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropane may be 0.0001 to 1 mass %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2021
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2022
    Assignee: AGC Inc.
    Inventors: Masahiko Nakamura, Hiroaki Mitsuoka, Mari Ichinokawa, Atsushi Fujimori, Hidekazu Okamoto
  • Patent number: 11390785
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention refrigerant compositions are disclosed. The compositions comprise a refrigerant mixture consisting essentially of HFC-32, HFO-1234yf, and CO2. The compositions are useful in processes to produce cooling and heating, in methods for replacing refrigerant R-32, and in refrigeration, air conditioning or heat pump systems. These inventive compositions are match cooling performance for R-32 with GWP less than 400 or less than 300.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2022
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventors: Joshua Hughes, Barbara Haviland Minor
  • Patent number: 11352533
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for cooling or heating a fluid or a body by means of a vapour compression circuit containing a heat transfer fluid, said circuit being at least partially contained in an enclosure, and the relative humidity of the air in the enclosure being less than or equal to a threshold value H1 which is less than 50%, the flammability of the heat transfer fluid at relative humidity H1 being less than the flammability of the heat transfer fluid at 50% relative humidity. The invention also relates to a cooling or heating installation suited to the implementation of this method. The invention also relates to a method of protection against the risks of fire or explosion in an enclosure containing at least partially a vapour compression circuit containing a heat transfer fluid, as well as a method for reducing the GWP of a transfer fluid. The invention also relates to heat transfer fluids suited to the implementation of the above methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2022
    Assignee: ARKEMA FRANCE
    Inventors: David Andre, Beatrice Boussand, Wissam Rached
  • Patent number: 11331525
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to compositions comprising 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene that may be useful as heat transfer compositions, aerosol propellants, foaming agents, blowing agents, solvents, cleaning agents, carrier fluids, displacement drying agents, buffing abrasion agents, polymerization media, expansion agents for polyolefins and polyurethane, gaseous dielectrics, extinguishing agents, and fire suppression agents in liquid or gaseous form. Additionally, the present disclosure relates to compositions comprising 1,1,2,3-tetrachloropropene, 2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene, or 2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoropropane, which may be useful in processes to produce 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2022
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventor: Mario Joseph Nappa
  • Patent number: 11312891
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention refrigerant compositions are disclosed. The compositions comprise HFC-32, HFC-125, HFO-1234yf, HFC-134a, and CO2. The refrigerant compositions are useful in processes to produce cooling and heating, in methods for replacing refrigerant R-410A or R-22, and in refrigeration, air conditioning or heat pump systems. These inventive compositions are non-flammable and match cooling performance for R-22 and R-410A within ±15%. Additionally, these compositions may serve as replacements for R-404A, R-507, R407A, R407C and/or R-407F in refrigeration, air conditioning or heat pump systems. The compositions as described herein have unexpected flammability properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2022
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventors: Barbara Haviland Minor, Joshua Hughes
  • Patent number: 11306235
    Abstract: Compositions comprising multi-fluorinated olefins and HFC-32 are disclosed. Such compositions are useful particularly for in stationary refrigeration and air conditioning equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2022
    Assignee: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Ryan Hulse, Rajiv Ratna Singh, Justin Becker, Robert Gerard Richard, Rajat S. Basu, Hang T. Pham, Ian Shankland
  • Patent number: 11306233
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention refrigerant compositions are disclosed. The compositions comprise a refrigerant mixture consisting essentially of HFC-32, HFO-1234yf, and CO2. The compositions are useful as refrigerants in processes to produce cooling and heating, in methods for replacing refrigerant R-410A, and in refrigeration, air conditioning or heat pump systems. These inventive compositions match cooling capacity for R-410A within ±10% with GWP less than 400 or less than 300.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2022
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventors: Joshua Hughes, Barbara Haviland Minor
  • Patent number: 11306236
    Abstract: A refrigerant composition includes R-125 (pentafluoroethane), R-134a (1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane), R-32 (difluoromethane), R-227ea (1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane), R-152a (1,1-difluoroethane), CO2 and R-1234ze (1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene). In one exemplary embodiment, the refrigerant includes 18.5-20.5 wt % R-125, about 9-11 wt % R-134a, about 20-22 wt % R-32, about 3-5 wt % R-227ea, about 2.5-4.5 wt % R-152a, about 1-3 wt % CO2 and about 39-41 wt % R-1234ze. Formulating with reclaimed material lowers the global warming potential to about 400 to about 750.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2021
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2022
    Assignee: FluoroTek, L.L.C.
    Inventors: David L. Couchot, Sankara N. Ramanan
  • Patent number: 11248152
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a composition comprising a refrigerant characterized by having a GWP lower than that of R410A and a COP equivalent to that of R410A. Specifically, the present disclosure provides a composition comprising a refrigerant, the refrigerant comprising CO2 (R744) and at least one compound A selected from the group consisting of trans-1,2-difluoroethylene [(E)-HFO-1132], cis-1,2-difluoroethylene [(Z)-HFO-1132], fluoroethylene (HFO-1141), and 3,3,3-trifluoropropyne (TFP).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2022
    Assignee: DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Takahashi, Shun Ohkubo, Mitsushi Itano, Tatsuya Takakuwa, Kei Kuramoto
  • Patent number: 11220932
    Abstract: A process is provided for converting heat energy from a heat source to mechanical work or electricity by utilizing a working fluid comprising perfluoroheptene. The process comprises heating a working fluid using heat supplied from the heat source; and expanding the heated working fluid to generate mechanical work. Also provided is an organic Rankine power cycle system utilizing a working fluid comprising perfluoroheptene. Further provided is a method of replacing the working fluid of an Organic Rankine Power Cycle System designed and configured to utilize a working fluid comprising HFC-245fa with a working fluid comprising of a perfluoroheptene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2022
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventors: Konstantinos Kontomaris, Luke David Simoni
  • Patent number: 11220619
    Abstract: A working fluid for heat cycle, a composition for a heat cycle system containing the working fluid, and a heat cycle system employing the composition are provided. The working fluid contains trifluoroethylene, 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene, and difluoromethane. A proportion of the total amount of trifluoroethylene, 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene, and difluoromethane based on the entire amount of the working fluid is higher than 90 mass % and at most 100 mass %. Based on the total amount of trifluoroethylene, 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene, and difluoromethane, the proportion of trifluoroethylene is at least 10 mass % and less than 70 mass %, the proportion of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene is at most 50 mass %, and the proportion of difluoromethane is higher than 30 mass % and at most 75 mass %. The working fluid can replace R410A and has a low global warming potential and high durability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2022
    Assignee: AGC Inc.
    Inventor: Masato Fukushima
  • Patent number: 11214720
    Abstract: Compositions comprising multi-fluorinated olefins and HFC-32 are disclosed. Such compositions are useful particularly for in stationary refrigeration and air conditioning equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2020
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2022
    Assignee: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Ryan Hulse, Rajiv Ratna Singh, Justin Becker, Robert Gerard Richard, Rajat S. Basu, Hang T. Pham, Ian Shankland
  • Patent number: 11208583
    Abstract: A refrigerant composition includes R-125 (pentafluoroethane), R-134a (1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane), R-32 (difluoromethane), R-227ea (1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane), R-152a (1,1-difluoroethane), CO2 and 1234ze (1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene). In one exemplary embodiment, the refrigerant includes about 14-16 wt % R-125, about 14-16 wt % R-134a, about 25-27 wt % R-32, about 3-5 wt % R-227ea, about 2-4 wt % R-152a, about 6-8 wt % CO2 and about 29-31 wt % 1234ze. In another embodiment, the refrigerant composition includes about 15 wt % R-125, about 15 wt % R-134a, about 26 wt % R-32, about 4 wt % R-227ea, about 3 wt % R-152a, about 5 wt % CO2 and about 30 wt % 1234ze. Optionally, R-152a can be replaced with dimethyl ether. Formulating with reclaimed material lowers the global warming potential to about 400-750.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2021
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2021
    Assignee: Fluorotek, L.L.C.
    Inventors: David L. Couchot, Sankara N. Ramanan
  • Patent number: 11209196
    Abstract: A fluoropropene composition comprising Z-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene, E-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene, 1,1,3,3,3-pentafluoropropene, 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene, and optionally 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane wherein the 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene being present in an amount of 0.00001 to 1.0%. A method of producing the fluoropropene, methods for using the fluoropropene and the composition formed are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2021
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2021
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventors: Sheng Peng, Mario Joseph Nappa
  • Patent number: 11198806
    Abstract: Described herein is a working fluid for a thermodynamic cycle that includes CO2 as main component and one or more of the compounds selected from the group including: TiCl4, TiBr4, SnCl4, SnBr4, VCl4, VBr4, GeCl4, metal carbonyls, by way of example Ni(CO)4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2021
    Assignee: POLITECNICO DI MILANO
    Inventors: Davide Bonalumi, Ennio Macchi, Silvia Lasala
  • Patent number: 11155737
    Abstract: The present invention provides a refrigerant composition comprising: (a) from about 65% by weight to about 90% by weight of HFO-1234ze(E); (b) from about 10% by weight to about 35% by weight of HFO-1336mzz (E); and optionally (c) from about 0% to about 4.4% by weight of HFC-227ea for use in a variety of refrigeration applications, including air conditioning and/or refrigeration and particularly cooling products such as fruits, vegetables and beverages without exposing those articles to temperatures below the freezing point of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2021
    Assignee: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Samuel F. Yana Motta, Ryan Hulse, Joshua Close, Ankit Sethi, Gustavo Pottker
  • Patent number: 11149178
    Abstract: To provide an azeotrope-like composition which provides a working fluid for heat cycle with a small composition change, with a small temperature glide and with excellent cycle performance, and a working fluid for heat cycle employing the azeotrope-like composition, and a heat cycle system. An azeotropic or azeotrope-like composition consisting of 1-chloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene and (E)-1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene, and a working fluid for heat cycle comprising it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2021
    Assignee: AGC Inc.
    Inventor: Masato Fukushima
  • Patent number: 11133139
    Abstract: The use of a gas as a medium for electrically isolating and/or extinguishing electric arcs, the gas including 1-chloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene. Also, an electrical device including a sealed chamber containing electrical components and a gas for electrically isolating and/or extinguishing electric arcs, in which the gas includes 1-chloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene. The gas may be only 1-chloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2021
    Assignee: ARKEMA FRANCE
    Inventor: Wissam Rached
  • Patent number: 11091679
    Abstract: Provided is a refrigerant composition that has a low GWP; is non-flammable or mildly flammable; and has a refrigerating capacity (Cap) and/or coefficient of performance (COP) equivalent to or higher than those of traditional refrigerants, such as R-134a, R-410A, R-123, or R-404A, when used as an alternative refrigerant for these traditional refrigerants. Specifically, provided is a refrigerant composition containing FO-1216 and a hydrofluoroolefin, wherein the hydrofluoroolefin is at least one member of HFO-1234ze and HFO-1243zf.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2021
    Assignee: DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Yuuki Yotsumoto, Ikumi Tomotsuka, Akihito Mizuno, Yuzo Komatsu
  • Patent number: 11053421
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for making CF3CF?CHF. The process involves reacting CF3CClFCCl2F with H2 in a reaction zone in the presence of a catalyst to produce a product mixture comprising CF3CF?CHF. The catalyst has a catalytically effective amount of palladium supported on a support selected from the group consisting of alumina, fluorided alumina, aluminum fluoride and mixtures thereof and the mole ratio of H2 to CF3CClFCCl2F fed to the reaction zone is between about 1:1 and about 5:1. Also disclosed are azeotropic compositions of CF3CClFCCl2F and HF and azeotropic composition of CF3CHFCH2F and HF.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventors: Velliyur Nott Mallikarjuna Rao, Mario Joseph Nappa, Allen Capron Sievert
  • Patent number: 11034637
    Abstract: The present invention is a solvent composition including: a solvent including 1-chloro-2,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene; and at least one type of stabilizer selected from a group consisting of phenols, ethers, epoxides, amines, alcohols, and hydrocarbons, and is a solvent composition which is excellent in solubility of various organic substances and has no adverse effect on a global environment, and is excellent in stability, and this solvent composition can be used for a wide range of industrial uses such as cleaning, coating uses, and a heat transfer fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2021
    Assignee: AGC Inc.
    Inventors: Hiroaki Mitsuoka, Toshio Miki, Masahiko Nakamura, Mari Ichinokawa, Hidekazu Okamoto, Atsushi Fujimori
  • Patent number: 11034871
    Abstract: This invention provides a composition comprising a refrigerant, the composition being non-flammable like R404A (R125/R134a/R143a=44/4/52 wt %), and having a refrigerating capacity that can replace that of R404A, a COP that is equal or superior to that of R404A, and a GWP of 1500 or less. Specifically, the invention provides a composition comprising a refrigerant, the refrigerant comprising a mixture of fluorinated hydrocarbons, the mixture comprising difluoromethane (R32), pentafluoroethane (R125), and 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (R134a) at specific concentrations, the fluorinated hydrocarbons contained in the mixture having a specific composition ratio. This composition is for use as an alternative refrigerant for R22 or an alternative refrigerant for R404A.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2021
    Assignee: DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Mitsushi Itano, Shun Ohkubo, Hitomi Kuroki, Tatsumi Tsuchiya, Kenji Gobou
  • Patent number: 10988652
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for using, as an alternative refrigerant for R404A that is currently widely used, a refrigerant that has, for example, a non-flammability similar to that of R404A, a refrigerating capacity that can replace that of R404A, a COP equal or superior to that of R404A, and a lower GWP than that of R404A, as a refrigerant for a cooling system; as well as a refrigeration unit using the refrigerant. The method uses a mixture of fluorinated hydrocarbons as a refrigerant, (1) the mixture comprising difluoromethane (R32), pentafluoroethane (R125) and 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (R134a) in amounts such that the sum of the concentrations thereof is 99.5 wt % or more; (2) the composition ratio of the fluorinated hydrocarbons contained in the mixture falling within a triangle having, as vertices, the following three points in a ternary composition diagram in which the sum of the concentrations of R32, R125, and R134a is 100 wt %, point A (R32/R125/R134a=37.3/17.0/45.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Mitsushi Itano, Yasufu Yamada, Tatsumi Tsuchiya, Hitomi Kuroki
  • Patent number: 10975008
    Abstract: There are provided: a solvent composition which is excellent in solubility of various organic substances and excellent in detergency, and has no adverse effect on a global environment, is excellent in stability, and is capable of suppressing corrosion of metal; a cleaning method using the solvent composition; a method of forming a coating film; a heat transfer fluid including the solvent composition; and a heat cycle system using the heat transfer fluid. A solvent composition including HCFO-1233yd and HCFC-244ca, in which a content of HCFC-244ca to a total of HCFO-1233yd and HCFC-244ca is 0.0001 to 1 mass %, a cleaning method of contacting the solvent composition with an article, a method of forming a coating film consisting of the nonvolatile organic compound using the solvent composition and a nonvolatile organic compound, a heat transfer fluid including the solvent composition, and a heat cycle system using the heat transfer fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2021
    Assignee: AGC Inc.
    Inventors: Masahiko Nakamura, Hiroaki Mitsuoka, Mari Ichinokawa, Atsushi Fujimori, Hidekazu Okamoto
  • Patent number: 10953257
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a fire suppression composition including CF3I, an anti-freeze compound, and an odorant compound, wherein the anti-freeze compound and the odorant compound are radical scavengers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: KIDDE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventor: Terry Simpson
  • Patent number: 10934247
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an unsaturated fluorinated ether or amine compound of formula (I) with low global warming potential and method of making the compound (I), where RH1 is and RH2 are independently selected from H or CH3, wherein when RH1 is CH3 then RH2 is H and when RH2 is CH3, then RH1 is H; X is O or N and when X is O, then n is 1 and Rf is a linear or branched perfluorinated alkyl group comprising 1-10 carbon atoms and optionally comprising at least one catenated O or N atom; X is N, then n is 2 and (i) each Rf is independently selected from a linear or branched perfluorinated alkyl group comprising 1-8 carbon atoms and optionally comprising at least one catenated O or N atom, or (ii) the two Rf's are bonded together to form a ring structure optionally comprising at least one catenated O or N atom, wherein the ring of the ring structure consists of 5-7 atoms, no more than 10 carbon atoms, and is perfluorinated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2021
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Sean M. Smith, Michael J. Bulinski, Michael G. Costello, William M. Lamanna, Nicholas A. Toso
  • Patent number: 10920181
    Abstract: A nonflammable aerosol cleaning composition is formulated with trans 1,2 dichloroethylene, 1,1,1,2,2,3,4,5,5,5-decafluoropentane, 1,1,1,3,3 pentafluoropropane, HFC-134a, and carbon dioxide. The aerosol cleaning composition is formulated for heavy duty, high pressure, and high output cleaning applications for cleaning aviation parts, such as jet engines located about 10 feet away from a user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2021
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works Inc.
    Inventors: William C. Martin, Pierce A. Pillon, Mercedita S. Whitmire, Eric J. Martini, Matthew E. Morris
  • Patent number: 10913918
    Abstract: The present invention provides a refrigerating machine oil comprising: a lubricating base oil; and 40 mass % or less of a polymer, based on a total amount of the refrigerating machine oil, the polymer having a structural unit represented by the following formula (I) and a weight average molecular weight of from 500 to 100000. [In formula (I), Ra, Rb and Rc each independently represents a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group, and Rd represents an oxygen-containing organic group or a C1-18 hydrocarbon group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2021
    Assignee: ENEOS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroko Shimpo, Kentaro Yamaguchi, Hidetoshi Ogata, Takeshi Okido
  • Patent number: 10910138
    Abstract: The present invention relates to gas-insulated electrical apparatuses, in particular gas-insulated transformers or reactors, comprising a housing enclosing an interior space, in which an electrical component comprising a winding is arranged, at least a portion of the interior space defining an insulation space which is filled with an insulation fluid electrically insulating at least a part of the electrical component from the housing. According to the invention, the electrical apparatus further comprises a cooling element comprising a condenser, an evaporator and a cooling fluid to be circulated between the condenser and the evaporator. The evaporator is designed such that at least a part of the electric component is immersed in the cooling fluid in its liquid state, thus being in direct contact with the cooling fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2021
    Assignee: ABB Power Grids Switzerland AG
    Inventors: Stephan Schnez, Vincent Dousset, Roberto Zannol, Rebei Bel Fdhila
  • Patent number: 10899689
    Abstract: The invention concerns a method for purifying 2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (1233xf) from a first composition comprising 2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene and at least one of the compounds chosen from the group consisting of E-1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene (1233zd E), 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane (245fa) and 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoropropane (236fa), said method comprising the steps of bringing said first composition into contact with at least one organic extractant in order to form a second composition; extractive distillation of said second composition in order to form a third composition comprising at least one of the compounds chosen from the group consisting of E-1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene (1233zd E), 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane (245fa) and 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoropropane (236fa), and said organic extractant; and a stream comprising 2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2021
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventors: Abdelatif Baba-Ahmed, Bertrand Collier, Dominique Deur-Bert, Laurent Wendlinger
  • Patent number: 10858562
    Abstract: Binary compositions of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene and difluoromethane, and especially to the uses thereof as a heat transfer fluid in compression systems with exchangers operating in counterflow mode or in split flow mode with counterflow tendency. Also, a method of heat transfer in which a binary composition of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene and difluoromethane is used as refrigerant in compression systems with exchangers in countercurrent mode or in crossed-current mode with countercurrent tendency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2020
    Assignee: ARKEMA FRANCE
    Inventor: Wissam Rached
  • Patent number: 10836942
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention refrigerant compositions are disclosed. The compositions comprise HFC-32, HFC-125, HFO-1234yf, HFC-134a, and CO2. The refrigerant compositions are useful in processes to produce cooling and heating, in methods for replacing refrigerant R-410A or R-22, and in refrigeration, air conditioning or heat pump systems. These inventive compositions are non-flammable and match cooling performance for R-22 and R-410A within ±15%. Additionally, these compositions may serve as replacements for R-404A, R-507, R407A, R407C and/or R-407F in refrigeration, air conditioning or heat pump systems. The compositions as described herein have unexpected flammability properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventors: Barbara Haviland Minor, Joshua Hughes
  • Patent number: 10836940
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a cooling mixture comprising a fluorinated compound and a non-fluorinated compound, wherein the fluorinated compound is a hydrofluoroether and the non-fluorinated compound includes a carbonyl function, which has a flash point no lower than 23° C. and which is characterised by having low relative volatility. The present invention likewise relates to the use of such a mixture as a coolant in a heat-exchange device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignees: Safran Electrical & Power, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), INSTITUT NATIONAL POLYTECHNIQUE de TOULOUSE, UNIVERSITE DES SCIENCES ET TECHNOLOGIES DE LILLE, ECOLE NATIONALE SUPERIEURE DE CHIMIE DE LILLE
    Inventors: Nicolas Delalandre, Benjamin Roland Stanislas Joossen, Jean-Marie Aubry, Vincent Gerbaud, Ivonne Rodriguez-Donis
  • Patent number: 10836943
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a composition comprising HFO-1234yf, or trans-HFO-1234ze, or a mixture thereof; HFC-32; and HFC-152a, HFO-1243zf, or a mixture thereof, wherein said composition is selected from the group consisting of: (I) a first composition, wherein said HFO-1234yf or trans-HFO-1234ze or a mixture thereof is at least 56 weight percent of said first composition; (II) a second composition, wherein said HFC-32 is at most 29 weight percent of said second composition; (III) a third composition, wherein said HFC-152a is at least 56 weight percent said third composition; (IV) a fourth composition, wherein said HFC-32 is at least 56 weight percent of said fourth composition; (V) a fifth composition comprising trans-HFO-1234ze, HFC-32, and HFC-152a, HFO-1243zf, or a mixture thereof; and (VI) a sixth composition, wherein said HFO-1243zf or mixture thereof with HFC-152a is at most 20 weight percent of said sixth composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventors: Barbara Haviland Minor, Joachim Gerstel
  • Patent number: 10836944
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention refrigerant compositions are disclosed. The compositions comprise HFC-32, HFC-125, HFO-1234yf, HFC-134a, and CO2. The refrigerant compositions are useful in processes to produce cooling and heating, in methods for replacing refrigerant R-R-22, and in refrigeration, air conditioning or heat pump systems. These inventive compositions are non-flammable and match cooling performance for R-22. The compositions as described herein have unexpected flammability properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventors: Barbara Haviland Minor, Joshua Hughes
  • Patent number: 10834854
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a process for making a thermal interface article comprises shaping a flowable composite comprising a flowable matrix composition, a plurality of magnetic, thermally conductive particles having an average length greater than a thickness or diameter, wherein the plurality of magnetic, thermally conductive particles have magnetic or superparamagnetic nanoparticles attached thereto, to provide the flowable composite in a shape comprising a first surface and an opposing second surface, and having a Z-axis perpendicular to the first surface and the opposing second surface; subjecting the flowable composite to a rotating magnetic field and to a vibrational force in an amount and for a time effective to align the average length of the plurality of magnetic, thermally conductive particles along the Z-axis; and solidifying the flowable matrix composition to provide the thermal interface, wherein the thermal interface has a Z-direction thermal conductivity of at least 1.0 W/mK.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: Northeastern University
    Inventors: Li Zhang, Randall Morgan Erb, Jabulani R. T. Barber, Anvesh Gurijala, Qiaochu Han
  • Patent number: 10807926
    Abstract: There are provided a solvent composition which is excellent in solubility of various organic substances and excellent in detergency and a drying property, and has no adverse effect on a global environment and is excellent in stability; a cleaning method using the solvent composition; a method of forming a coating film; a heat transfer fluid including the solvent composition; and a heat cycle system using the heat transfer fluid. A solvent composition including 1-chloro-2,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene and 1-chloro-3,3-difluoro-1-propyne, a cleaning method of bringing the solvent composition and an article into contact with each other, a method of dissolving a nonvolatile organic compound in the solvent composition to produce a coating film-forming composition and evaporating the solvent composition after applying the coating film-forming composition on an article to be coated, to form a coating film, a heat transfer fluid including the solvent composition, and a heat cycle system using the heat transfer fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: AGC Inc.
    Inventors: Masahiko Nakamura, Hiroaki Mitsuoka, Mari Ichinokawa, Atsushi Fujimori, Hidekazu Okamoto
  • Patent number: 10787597
    Abstract: A working fluid for heat cycle, wherein the global warming potential is less than 300; the product of the relative coefficient of performance and the relative refrigerating capacity is at least 0.820 relative to R410A in a standard refrigerating cycle under conditions of an evaporation temperature of 0° C., a condensing temperature of 40° C., a supercoiling degree of 5° C. and a degree of superheat of 5° C.; the relative compressor discharge gas pressure is at most 1.100; the lower limit of the combustion range by method A in High Pressure Gas Safety Act is at least 5 vol %; and the pressure will not exceed 2.00 MPaG in a combustion test by method A in High Pressure Gas Safety act under 0.98 MPaG at 250° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: AGC Inc.
    Inventors: Masato Fukushima, Hiroaki Mitsuoka, Mai Tasaka, Satoshi Kawaguchi, Katsuya Ueno, Toshiyuki Tanaka, Hidekazu Okamoto, Tetsuo Otsuka, Yoshinobu Kadowaki, Tatsuhiro Nogami, Daisuke Shirakawa, Hirokazu Takagi, Takeaki Arai
  • Patent number: 10759982
    Abstract: The present invention provides a refrigerating machine oil comprising, as a base oil, at least one oxygen-containing oil having a carbon/oxygen molar ratio of 2.5 or more and 7.5 or less, and the refrigerating machine oil being used with a 1-chloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene refrigerant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2020
    Assignee: JXTG NIPPON OIL & ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yohei Shono, Akira Tada, Yuya Mizutani, Takeshi Okido, Hidetoshi Ogata
  • Patent number: 10752819
    Abstract: Disclosed is an environmentally friendly near-azeotropic mixed refrigerant, consisting essentially of HFO-1234 yf, HFE-143a and a third component, with the mass percentage of each component being: 70%-98% of HFO-1234yf, 1%-15% of HFE-143a and 1%-15% of the third component. The refrigerant of the present invention is environmentally friendly, excellent in thermodynamic properties, can directly realize drop-in substitution in an original system using HFC-134a without changing any parts, and can be used as a long term alternative to HFC-134a.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignees: Zhejiang Lantian Environmental Protection Hi-Tech Co., Ltd., Sinochem Lantian Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Zhikai Guo, Pinzan Xie, Xiaoqing Fang
  • Patent number: 10731064
    Abstract: Compositions comprising an activated oil blend in a coordination entity are provided. Also provided are compositions comprising a haloalkane complex can be used as a refrigerant. The compositions can increase the energy efficiency and reduces leakage rates of refrigeration systems. Some compositions comprise at least 0.1 wt % of an oleic oil fatty acid, 0.1 wt % of a linoleic oil fatty acid, and at least 98 wt % of a heat transfer fluid including, for example R-134a. Some compositions comprise an oil blend comprising an oleic acid to linoleic acid ratio of approximately 60:1. At least some of the heat transfer fluid can be complexed with at least one of the organic oil fatty acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Inventor: Bob Lee Davis
  • Patent number: 10712073
    Abstract: The present invention provides a ternary natural refrigerant mixture containing R-600a (isobutane), R-600 (isobutane), and R-290 (propane) that can be used in single or dual evaporator refrigeration systems to provide for more energy efficient cooling than a single refrigerant such as R-134a without having to change the compressor design, which can add to manufacturing costs. For example, the ternary natural refrigerant mixture can be used in a refrigeration system that uses dual evaporators to provide more efficient cooling. The refrigeration system can be used in, e.g., a refrigerator having a fresh food compartment and a frozen food compartment to provide separate cooling to each compartment simultaneously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: Haier US Appliance Solutions, Inc.
    Inventor: Brent Alden Junge
  • Patent number: 10703948
    Abstract: A method for producing heating in a high temperature heat pump having a heat exchanger is provided. The method comprises extracting heat from a working fluid, thereby producing a cooled working fluid wherein said working fluid comprises (2E)-1,1,1,4,5,5,5-heptafluoro-4-(trifluoromethyl)pent-2-ene (“HFO-153-10mzzy”). Also, a high temperature heat pump apparatus is provided containing a working fluid comprising HFO-153-10mzzy. Also a composition is provided comprising (i) a working fluid consisting essentially of HFO-153-10mzzy; and (ii) a stabilizer to prevent degradation at temperatures of 55° C. or above, or (iii) a lubricant suitable for use at 55° C. or above, or both (ii) and (iii).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventors: Konstantinos Kontomaris, Robert Daniel Lousenberg
  • Patent number: 10704807
    Abstract: An ultralow binary refrigeration apparatus, which cools an enclosed space to an ultralow temperature of ?80° C. or lower to be used for storing cells or microorganisms, for example, without posing worries in regard of Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) and Global Warming Potential (GWP), and which is excellent in refrigerant stability, can dispense with an oil separator, and enables a reduction in the amount of refrigerant, or a reduction in the power output of the compressor. The object is achieved by a binary refrigeration apparatus configured by connecting a high temperature refrigeration cycle and a low temperature refrigeration cycle via a cascade condenser, in which the high temperature refrigeration cycle is filled with propane as a refrigerant and a refrigerator oil, while the low temperature refrigeration cycle is filled with a hydrocarbon having a boiling point of ?80° C. or lower as a refrigerant, a refrigerator oil, and an oil return agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: PHC HOLDINGS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Susumu Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Satou
  • Patent number: 10688329
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to compositions comprising 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene that may be useful as heat transfer compositions, aerosol propellants, foaming agents, blowing agents, solvents, cleaning agents, carrier fluids, displacement drying agents, buffing abrasion agents, polymerization media, expansion agents for polyolefins and polyurethane, gaseous dielectrics, extinguishing agents, and fire suppression agents in liquid or gaseous form. Additionally, the present disclosure relates to compositions comprising 1,1,2,3-tetrachloropropene, 2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene, or 2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoropropane, which may be useful in processes to produce 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventor: Mario Joseph Nappa