With Low-volatile Solvent Or Absorbent Patents (Class 252/69)
  • Patent number: 10866033
    Abstract: A heat storage system using a heat storage container includes a tubular body, a chemical heat storage material accommodated in the tubular body, and a flow channel that penetrates the tubular body in a longitudinal direction. The heat storage system includes a diffusion layer for transporting liquid from the flow channel to the chemical heat storage material. The liquid functions as a reaction medium of the chemical heat storage material. The liquid is transported to the flow channel and the diffusion layer. The liquid transported to the diffusion layer reacts with the chemical heat storage material, the chemical heat storage material generates heat, and the liquid is vaporized by the heat to become heat transport fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2020
    Assignee: Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mamoru Shimada, Hisashi Ayuzawa, Toshiaki Nakamura, Masami Ikeda, Tetsu Tateishi
  • Patent number: 9523209
    Abstract: An immersive theater is provided having a screen oriented with respect to a pitched seating area to provide an immersive theater experience for all of the viewers. The theater can include a three-dimensional, concave shaped screen, defining a central axis that extends perpendicularly from the center point of the concave screen directed toward the seating area. The screen is oriented at a prescribed pitch angle (?) relative to the horizontal. The theater has a seating area having a plurality of seats for viewers and is set up in a stacked arrangement along a planar region and pitched at a prescribed angle (?). The seating area is further confined within a viewing area that is centered on the central axis of the screen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: Vision 3 Experiential, LLC
    Inventors: Pierre J. de Lespinois, John E. Sullivan
  • Patent number: 9385574
    Abstract: A power generator apparatus is disclosed. The apparatus includes a heat absorber configured to absorb heat and provide the absorbed heat to a first heat transferring fluid. The first heat transferring fluid is then circulated to an evaporator. The evaporator is configured to: receive the first heat transferring fluid; facilitate heat exchange between the first heat transferring fluid and a second heat transferring fluid; and return the first heat transferring fluid to the heat absorber. The apparatus further includes a compressor configured to compress the second heat transferring fluid and use the compressed second heat transferring fluid to generate electricity. A heat recovery is used to retrieve heat and liquefy the second heat transferring fluid, and an expansion valve is used to regulate pressure of the second heat transferring fluid received from the heat recovery unit and return the second heat transferring fluid to the evaporator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Inventor: Sheng Heng Xu
  • Patent number: 9039923
    Abstract: A composition of a zeotropic mixture has a first chemical constituent and at least one second, different chemical constituent. The zeoptropic mixture has a temperature glide of 5° C.-25° C. with regard to its saturated vapor temperature and its saturated liquid temperature. The first chemical constituent is selected from 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane, 1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane, methyl perfluoropropyl ether, 1,1,1,2,3,3-hexafluoropropane and 1,1,1,2,2,4,5,5,5-nonafluoro-4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pentanone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Ahmad M. Mahmoud, Jaeseon Lee, Dong Luo
  • Patent number: 8999190
    Abstract: The invention provides a heat transfer composition comprising R-1234ze (E), R-32 and 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (R-134a).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco Holding S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Robert E Low
  • Patent number: 8999192
    Abstract: A process for transferring heat from a heat source to a heat sink, comprising using as heat transfer medium a composition comprising: at least one fluorinated fluid free from functional groups (fluid (H)); at least one functional (per)fluoropolyether (functional PFPE(1)) comprising recurring units (R1), said recurring units comprising at least one ether linkage in the main chain and at least one fluorine atom (fluoropolyoxyalkylene chain), and at least one functional end group chosen between —COOH and —CONH2; at least one functional (per)fluoropolyether (functional PFPE(2)) comprising recurring units (R1) as defined above and at least one functional end group chosen between —COCF3 and its hydroxylated derivative —C(OH)2CF3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Solvay Specialty Polymers Italy S.p.A.
    Inventors: Pier Antonio Guarda, Gianfranco Spataro, Padmanabhan Srinivasan, Giuseppe Marchionni
  • Patent number: 8974689
    Abstract: A working medium for heat cycle includes 1,1-dichloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene, and a hydrofluorocarbon. A content of the hydrofluorocarbon is from 1 to 60 mass % in the working medium for heat cycle. The working medium for heat cycle preferably further includes a hydrocarbon. The hydrofluorocarbon is preferably at least one of difluoromethane, difluoroethane, trifluoroethane, tetrafluoroethane, pentafluoroethane, pentafluoropropane, hexafluoropropane, heptafluoropropane, pentafluorobutane or heptafluorocyclopentane. A heat apparatus includes the working medium for heat cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventor: Masato Fukushima
  • Patent number: 8926856
    Abstract: A heat transfer composition comprising trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (R-1234ze(E)), difluoromethane (R-32) and 1,1-difluoroethane (R-152a).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco Holding S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Robert E. Low
  • Patent number: 8911641
    Abstract: A heat transfer composition comprising trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (R-1234ze(E)), carbon dioxide (R-744) and a third component selected from difluoromethane (R-32), 1,1-difluoroethane (R-152a), fluoroethane (R-161), 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (R-134a), propylene, propane and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco Holding S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Robert E. Low
  • Patent number: 8894874
    Abstract: The invention provides a heat transfer composition comprising (i) from about 45 to about 75% by weight 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (R-1234yf); and (ii) from about 25 to about 55% by weight 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (R-134a). A heat transfer composition comprising, optionally consisting essentially of, (i) from about 20 to about 90% by weight R-1234yf; (ii) from about 10 to about 60% by weight R-134a; and (iii) from about 1 to about 20% by weight R-32 is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco Holding S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Robert E. Low
  • Patent number: 8889031
    Abstract: The present invention provides a working fluid composition for a refrigerator machine comprising a base oil comprising an ether-based compound, a carbodiimide compound, and an unsaturated fluorinated hydrocarbon refrigerant. The present invention also provides a refrigerating machine oil comprising a base oil containing an ether-based compound and a carbodiimide compound, the refrigerating machine oil being used together with an unsaturated fluorinated hydrocarbon refrigerant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Ken Sawada, Kuniko Takahashi, Hiroko Shimpo, Katsuya Takigawa
  • Patent number: 8858824
    Abstract: The invention relates to a composition comprising a lubricant based on polyol esters (POE) and a refrigerant F including at least 99.8 wt % 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene, between 0.5 and 500 ppm 1,1,1,2,3-pentafluoropropene, between 0.5 and 500 ppm trifluoropropyne and between 1 and 500 ppm compounds based on 2 or 3 carbon atoms optionally including an olefinic bond.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventor: Beatrice Boussand
  • Patent number: 8845930
    Abstract: The invention provides a method for pre-treating a metal surface with a corrosion inhibitor prior to painting, a method for inhibiting corrosion in a cooling system, wherein the cooling system includes a metal surface and a coolant; and a method for inhibiting corrosion of a reinforcement steel in concrete wherein the method comprising the step of adding to a concrete mixture an anti-corrosive mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Pigmentan Ltd.
    Inventors: Gregory Pipko, Zvi Miller
  • Patent number: 8808571
    Abstract: The invention provides a heat transfer composition comprising (i) a first component selected from trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (R-1234ze(E)), cis-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (R-1234ze(Z)) and mixtures thereof; (ii) carbon dioxide (R-744); and (iii) a third component selected from 1,1-difluoroethane (R-152a), fluoroethane (R-161), and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco Holding S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Robert E. Low
  • Patent number: 8808570
    Abstract: The invention provides a heat transfer composition comprising (i) a first component selected from trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (R-1234ze(E)), cis-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (R-1234ze(Z)) and mixtures thereof; (ii) carbon dioxide (R-744); and (iii) a third component selected from propylene (R-1270), propane (R-290), n-butane (R-600), isobutane (R-600a), and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco Holding S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Robert E. Low
  • Patent number: 8771542
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a heat transfer fluid, comprising a hydroxylated carboxylic acid of formula (OH)x(R1)(COOH)y, wherein x is 2 to 10, y is 3 to 10, and R1 is a C2-50 aliphatic group, a C6-50 aromatic group, or a combination thereof; and wherein the hydroxylated carboxylic acid comprises the hydroxylated carboxylic acid, an ester thereof, a salt thereof, an anhydride thereof, or a combination thereof. A heat transfer system comprises an aluminum component, a magnesium component, or an aluminum component and a magnesium component; and the foregoing heat transfer fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Prestone Products Corporation
    Inventors: Bo Yang, Aleksei V Gershun, Peter M Woyciesjes
  • Patent number: 8715521
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an absorption cycle comprising a refrigerant pair comprising at least one refrigerant and at least one ionic liquid. The present invention also provides an absorption cycle that utilizes fluorocarbon gases in fluorinated ionic liquids. The present invention also provides a method of cooling using an absorption cycle comprising a refrigerant pair comprising at least one refrigerant and at least one ionic liquid. The present invention also provides a method of heating using an absorption cycle comprising a refrigerant pair comprising at least one refrigerant and at least one ionic liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Mark Brandon Shiflett, Akimichi Yokozeki
  • Patent number: 8709303
    Abstract: A dielectric insulation medium including a hydrofluoro monoether, the hydrofluoro monoether containing at least three carbon atoms. The insulation medium according has high insulation capabilities, in particular a high dielectric strength, and at the same time a low GWP. The invention further includes an insulation medium which is chemically and thermally stable also at temperatures above 140° C., which is non-toxic or has a low toxicity level, and which in addition is non-corrosive and non-explosive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: ABB Research Ltd.
    Inventors: Navid Mahdizadeh, Thomas Alfred Paul, Judith Kessler, Markus Bujotzek, Patrick Stoller, Max-Steffen Claessens, Per Skarby
  • Patent number: 8696928
    Abstract: The invention relates to an operating medium for an absorption refrigeration device, comprising 5 to 30 wt % water and 65 to 95 wt % of a sorption agent comprising lithium bromide and at least one ionic liquid and wherein the sorption agent comprises ionic liquid and lithium bromide in a weight ratio of 0.5:1 to 5:1, having a lower friction coefficient compared to an operating medium comprising water and lithium bromide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Matthias Seiler, Rolf Schneider, Olivier Zehnacker, Marc-Christoph Schneider
  • Patent number: 8632703
    Abstract: Azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of E-1,1,1,4,4,5,5,5-Octafluoro-2-pentene with methyl formate, n-pentane, 2-methylbutane, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane, trans-1,2-dichloroethylene, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane, dimethoxymethane, cyclopentane or Z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene. Also disclosed is a process of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents. Also disclosed is a process of producing refrigeration by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as solvents. Also disclosed is a process of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as propellants. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Mark L. Robin
  • Patent number: 8628681
    Abstract: A heat transfer composition comprising trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (R-1234ze(E)), carbon dioxide (R-744) and a third component selected from difluoromethane (R-32), 1,1-difluoroethane (R-152a), fluoroethane (R-161), 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (R-134a), propylene, propane and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco Holding S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Robert E Low
  • Publication number: 20130283845
    Abstract: An adsorptive cooling system includes: a first highly adsorptive structure positioned to receive thermal energy from a thermal energy source, the first highly adsorptive structure including: a first substrate; and a first carbon aerogel adhered to the first substrate, a second highly adsorptive structure positioned to receive thermal energy from the thermal energy source, the second highly adsorptive structure including: a second substrate; and a second carbon aerogel adhered to the second substrate, a cooling unit; and a circulation system adapted for circulating the refrigerant from at least one of the first highly adsorptive structure and the second highly adsorptive structure to the cooling unit to provide cooling from the thermal energy source and to return the refrigerant from the cooling unit to at least one of the first highly adsorptive structure and the second highly adsorptive structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 26, 2012
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Applicant: LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL SECURITY, LLC
    Inventors: Theodore F. Baumann, Joe H. Satcher, JR., Joseph C. Farmer
  • Patent number: 8512592
    Abstract: Provided herein are dielectric fluids comprising at least one estolide compound of formula: in which n is an integer equal to or greater than 0; m is an integer equal to or greater than 1; R1, independently for each occurrence, is selected from optionally substituted alkyl that is saturated or unsaturated, and branched or unbranched; R2 is selected from hydrogen and optionally substituted alkyl that is saturated or unsaturated, and branched or unbranched; and R3 and R4, independently for each occurrence, are selected from optionally substituted alkyl that is saturated or unsaturated, and branched or unbranched. Also provided herein are uses of dielectric fluids and electrical devices such as transformers that comprise a dielectric fluid comprising at least one estolide compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Biosynthetic Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Jeremy Forest, Jakob Bredsguard, Travis Thompson
  • Patent number: 8512591
    Abstract: A heat transfer composition comprising trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (R-1234ze(E)), difluoromethane (R-32) and 1,1-difluoroethane (R-152a).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco Holding S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Robert E Low
  • Patent number: 8506839
    Abstract: This invention relates to a composition comprising water and at least one ionic liquid, and also to devices capable of executing an absorption cycle using such compositions as a refrigerant pair. This invention also provides a method of cooling using an absorption cycle comprising water as the refrigerant and at least one ionic liquid as the absorbent. The present invention also provides a method of heating using an absorption cycle comprising water as the refrigerant and at least one ionic liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Mark Brandon Shiflett, Akimichi Yokozeki
  • Patent number: 8465665
    Abstract: The present invention provides a refrigerator oil composition which satisfies both sludge dispersibility and prevention of wear and seizing of sliding parts made of aluminum and/or iron, and a compressor and a refrigeration apparatus using the refrigerator oil composition. The refrigerator oil composition is characterized by comprising a base oil which is at least one member selected from mineral oils and synthetic oils, and at least one polyamide compound having two or more amide groups in the molecule and being present in an amount of 0.01 to 5% by mass based on the total amount of the refrigerator oil composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Masato Kaneko
  • Patent number: 8419969
    Abstract: An apparatus for production of a clathrate hydrate with enhanced latent heat storing capability includes a gas supplier for supplying a gas to an aqueous solution containing a quaternary ammonium compound, and a cooler for cooling the aqueous solution, the apparatus producing the clathrate hydrate with enhanced latent heat storing capability including both the quaternary ammonium compound and the gas as guests by supplying the gas to the aqueous solution with the gas supplier in the stage of cooling with the cooler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: JFE Engineering Corporation
    Inventors: Keiji Tomura, Shingo Takao
  • Patent number: 8402778
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for increasing the solubility of oils in refrigerant compositions within a system using a refrigerant compressed with a mechanical device by adding polyolester directly to the refrigerant followed by charging a mixture of the polyolester and refrigerant into the system (air conditioner, refrigerator, etc.). The present invention also relates to a method of optimizing mineral oil return in a system using a refrigerant compressed with a mechanical device and a method of cleansing heat exchange tubes of a system using a refrigerant compressed with a mechanical device by adding polyolesters directly to a refrigerant composition followed by charging a mixture of the polyolester and refrigerant into the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: National Refrigerants, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert W. Yost, James P. Lavelle, Umar M. Khokhar
  • Patent number: 8349213
    Abstract: This invention relates to cleaning compositions comprising unsaturated fluorinated hydrocarbons. The invention further relates to use of said cleaning compositions in methods to clean, degrease, deflux, dewater, and deposit fluorolubricant. The invention further relates to novel unsaturated fluorinated hydrocarbons and their use as cleaning compositions and in the methods listed above.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Mario Joseph Nappa, Melodie A. Schweitzer, Allen Capron Sievert, Ekaterina N. Swearingen
  • Patent number: 8349205
    Abstract: Provided is a lubricating oil composition for a refrigerator, the refrigerator using a refrigerant which has a low global warming potential and is applicable to, in particular, current car air conditioning systems or the like, that is, the refrigerant including at least one kind of fluorine-containing organic compounds selected from compounds represented by the following molecular formula (A) or including a combination of the fluorine-containing organic compound and a saturated fluorinated hydrocarbon compound, CpOqFrRs??(A) where: R represents Cl, Br, I, or H; p represents an integer of 1 to 6, q represents an integer of 0 to 2, r represents an integer of 1 to 14, and s represents an integer of 0 to 13; and provided that, when q represents 0, p represents 2 to 6 and one or more carbon-carbon unsaturated bonds are included in molecules, in which the composition comprises a base oil including as a main component a polyvinyl ether-based compound having an alkylene glycol unit, or a polyoxyalkylene glycol unit
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masato Kaneko, Harutomo Ikeda, Tokue Sato
  • Patent number: 8333901
    Abstract: The invention provides a heat transfer composition comprising R-1234ze(E), R-32 and 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (R-134a).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco Holding S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Robert E. Low
  • Patent number: 8236194
    Abstract: Provided herein are compositions comprising at least one estolide compound of formula: in which n is an integer equal to or greater than 0; m is an integer equal to or greater than 1; R1, independently for each occurrence, is selected from optionally substituted alkyl that is saturated or unsaturated, and branched or unbranched; R2 is selected from hydrogen and optionally substituted alkyl that is saturated or unsaturated, and branched or unbranched; and R3 and R4, independently for each occurrence, are selected from optionally substituted alkyl that is saturated or unsaturated, and branched or unbranched. Also provided are uses of the compositions described herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: LubriGreen Biosynthetics, LLC
    Inventors: Jakob Bredsguard, Jeremy Forest, Travis Thompson
  • Patent number: 8206607
    Abstract: A method for cooling an internal combustion engine using a reduced toxicity, ethylene glycol and water based heat transfer fluid is provided. A heat transfer fluid is formulated comprising water and a glycol component consisting of ethylene glycol and either propylene glycol or glycerol. Propylene glycol may be provided in an amount between 5% to less than 30% of the total weight of the glycol component. Glycerol may be provided in an amount between 5% to 20% of the total weight of the glycol component. The glycol component is less toxic than 10,000 mg/kg on an acute LD50(rat) oral toxicity basis. The water comprises between 40% and 70% by weight of the total weight of the heat transfer fluid. The cooling system of the internal combustion engine is substantially filled with the heat transfer fluid such that the heat transfer fluid absorbs heat that is produced by the internal combustion engine and releases the absorbed heat to the atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: Evans Cooling Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: John W. Evans, J. Thomas Light
  • Publication number: 20120138848
    Abstract: Safe, stable, non-toxic and recyclable cooling compositions comprising solid particulate compounds that undergo an endothermic process when mixed with water such that the resulting mixture is useful for cooling surfaces, liquids and solids. The compositions always include one or more compounds from a group consisting of endothermic compounds that contain potassium; one or more compounds from a group of endothermic compounds that contain nitrogen; and at least one compound from a group consisting of ammonium phosphate, diammonium phosphate, ammonium polyphosphate, ammonium pyrophosphate and ammonium metaphosphate such that the compound or mixture of compounds in this group is at least 1% by weight of the final composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2011
    Publication date: June 7, 2012
    Inventors: David D. Leavitt, John R. Bergida
  • Patent number: 8142680
    Abstract: The invention relates to compositions that can be used as refrigerants. More specifically, the invention relates to compositions having a very low contribution to the greenhouse effect, which can be used in the cooling and production of conditioned air. The GWP of the inventive compositions is preferably at most equal to 150.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventor: Wissam Rached
  • Patent number: 8133407
    Abstract: Provided is a composition comprising (a) at least one halogenated compound selected from the group consisting of C3-C5 hydrofluoroolefin, CF3I, and combinations thereof, and (b) an effective stabilizing amount of a sesquiterpene selected from the group consisting of farnesol, farnesene, and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2012
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Gary Zyhowski, Rajiv Ratna Singh, Raymond H. Thomas, Mark W. Spatz, Roy P. Robinson, George J. Samuels, Gregory J. Shafer, Michael Van Der Puy, David P. Wilson, John L. Welch, Ronald P. Vogl, Samuel F. Yana Motta
  • Publication number: 20120017613
    Abstract: This invention relates to a temperature adjustment device that executes an absorption cooling or heating cycle in which a lithium halide, typically a lithium bromide, absorbent is used.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Publication date: January 26, 2012
    Applicant: E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Thomas Foo, Edward R. Murphy, Dennis A. Redder, Mark A. Scialdone, Mark Brandon Shiflett
  • Publication number: 20120012779
    Abstract: This invention relates to a temperature adjustment device that executes an absorption cooling or heating cycle in which a lithium halide, typically a lithium bromide, absorbent is used.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Publication date: January 19, 2012
    Applicant: E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Thomas Foo, Edward R. Murphy, Dennis A. Redder, Mark A. Scialdone, Mark Brandon Shiflett
  • Publication number: 20110309289
    Abstract: This invention relates to a temperature adjustment device that executes an absorption cooling or heating cycle in which a lithium halide, typically a lithium bromide, absorbent is used.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Publication date: December 22, 2011
    Inventors: Megan Quigley, Mark A. Scialdone
  • Patent number: 8080185
    Abstract: A dielectric gaseous compound which exhibits the following properties: a boiling point in the range between about ?20° C. to about ?273° C.; non-ozone depleting; a GWP less than about 22,200; chemical stability, as measured by a negative standard enthalpy of formation (dHf<0); a toxicity level such that when the dielectric gas leaks, the effective diluted concentration does not exceed its PEL; and a dielectric strength greater than air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2011
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew H. Luly, Robert G. Richard
  • Patent number: 8066900
    Abstract: Azeotrope-like compositions comprising 1-bromopropane and 1,1,1,2,3,3-hexafluoro-3-methoxy-propane, and uses thereof, are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2011
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventor: John G. Owens
  • Patent number: 8043523
    Abstract: The present invention provides a refrigerator oil composition which satisfies both sludge dispersibility and prevention of wear and seizing of sliding parts made of aluminum and/or iron, and a compressor and a refrigeration apparatus using the refrigerator oil composition. The refrigerator oil composition is characterized by comprising a base oil which is at least one member selected from mineral oils and synthetic oils, and at least one polyamide compound having two or more amide groups in the molecule and being present in an amount of 0.01 to 5% by mass based on the total amount of the refrigerator oil composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Masato Kaneko
  • Patent number: 8007687
    Abstract: An organic solvent which is very useful in paints is made up primarily of n-butyl acetate, n-heptane, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, acetone and a light hydrotreated petroleum distillate. The solvent typically has a closed cup flash point of about 50 to 75° F. The petroleum distillate typically has a boiling range from 230 to 320° F., a closed cup flash point from 35 to 75° F. and a kauri-butanol value not less than 25. A mixture of 8-carbon and 9-carbon hydrocarbons which are typically primarily paraffins or cycloparaffins typically makes up the vast majority of the petroleum distillate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2011
    Inventor: Lawrence A. Boville, Sr.
  • Publication number: 20110203301
    Abstract: This invention relates to compositions comprising a refrigerant and at least one ionic compound and/or non-ionic absorbent, and also to devices capable of executing an absorption cycle using such compositions as a refrigerant pair. This invention also provides methods and apparatus for cooling using an absorption cycle comprising a refrigerant, and at least one ionic compound and/or non-ionic absorbent as the absorbent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 6, 2009
    Publication date: August 25, 2011
    Applicant: E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Thomas Foo, Konstantinos Kontomaris, Steven Raymond Lustig, Dennis A. Redder, Mark A. Scialdone, Mark Brandon Shiflett, Berlyn R. Mellein, Megan Quigley
  • Patent number: 7997098
    Abstract: An adsorption heat exchanger (20) is constituted by a fin-and-tube heat exchanger. In the adsorption heat exchanger (20), a first tube column (41), a second tube column (42) and a third tube column (43) are formed in order from upstream to downstream in air flow. The adsorption heat exchanger (20) is formed of a first column part (21) including the first tube column (41), a second column part (22) including the second tube column (42) and a third column part (23) including the third tube column (43). In the adsorption heat exchanger (20), a first adsorption layer (36) is formed on the fins (30) in the first column part (21), a second adsorption layer (37) is formed on the fins (30) in the second column part (22) and a third adsorption layer (38) is formed on the fins (30) in the third column part (23). The amount of adsorbent contained in each adsorption layer increases in order of the first adsorption layer (36), the second adsorption layer (37) and the third adsorption layer (38).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tomohiro Yabu, Shuji Ikegami
  • Patent number: 7985355
    Abstract: A method for suppressing an electric arc or corona discharge includes providing a device capable of storing, transmitting, or generating an electrical current or field; and enveloping at least a portion of said device with a dielectric gas consisting essentially of: sulfur hexafluoride; a second component selected from the group consisting of nitrous oxide; carbon dioxide; trifluoromethane (R32); trifluoroiodomethane; octafluoropropane (R218); 1,1,1,2,2-pentafluoroethane (R125); propane (R290); 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234yf); 1,2,3,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234yc); 1,1,3,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234zc); 1,1,1,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234ze); 1,1,2,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234ye); 1,1,1,2,3-pentafluoropropene (HFO-1225ye); 1,1,2,3,3-pentafluoropropene (HFO-1225yc); 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropene (HFO-1225zc); (Z)1,1,1,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234zeZ); (Z)1,1,2,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234yeZ); (E)1,1,1,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234zeE); (E)1,1,2,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-12
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2011
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew H. Luly, Rajiv R. Singh, Robert G. Richard
  • Patent number: 7959828
    Abstract: This invention relates to cleaning compositions comprising unsaturated fluorinated hydrocarbons. The invention further relates to use of said cleaning compositions in methods to clean, degrease, deflux, dewater, and deposit fluorolubricant. The invention further relates to novel unsaturated fluorinated hydrocarbons and their use as cleaning compositions and in the methods listed above.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: E. I. Du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Mario Joseph Nappa, Melodie A. Schweitzer, Allen Capron Sievert, Ekaterina N Swearingen
  • Patent number: 7922931
    Abstract: A low-melting point, heat transfer fluid comprising a mixture of LiNO3, NaNO3, KNO3, NaNO2 and KNO2 salts where the Li, Na and K cations are present in amounts of about 20-33.5 mol % Li, about 18.6-40 mol % Na, and about 40-50.3 mol % K and where the nitrate and nitrite anions are present in amounts of about 36-50 mol % NO3, and about 50-62.5 mol % NO2. These compositions can have liquidus temperatures between 70° C. and 80° C. for some compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2011
    Assignee: Sandia Corporation
    Inventors: Joseph G. Cordaro, Robert W. Bradshaw
  • Patent number: 7914697
    Abstract: The refrigerating machine oil composition of the invention is characterized by containing a mixed base oil which has a kinematic viscosity at 40° C. of 0.11 to 8 mm2/s and which is composed of a low-viscosity base oil (A) having a kinematic viscosity at 40° C. of 5 mm2/s or lower, and a high-viscosity base oil (B) having a kinematic viscosity at 40° C. of 20 to 400 mm2/s, each of the base oil (A) and (B) being composed of at least one species selected from among a mineral oil, a synthetic hydrocarbon compound, an oxygen-containing compound, and a sulfur-containing compound. The refrigerating machine oil composition exhibits enhanced energy saving performance by virtue of its low viscosity, has excellent sealing performance and load resistance, and can be employed in various refrigeration means, particularly suitably in a closed-type refrigerator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Masato Kaneko
  • Patent number: 7914696
    Abstract: Heat transfer compositions are usable in their own right or are suitable as a replacement for existing refrigeration usages. The compositions possess a reduced Greenhouse Warming Potential, yet have a capacity and energy efficiency (which may be conveniently expressed as the “Coefficient of Performance”) ideally within 20% of the values of those attained using R-134a, and preferably within 10% or less (e.g. about 5%) of these values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Assignee: Ineos Fluor Holdings Limited
    Inventors: Robert E. Low, Stuart Corr