Synthetic Resin Containing Extrudant Patents (Class 264/184)
  • Patent number: 10501570
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates a method of preparing a rubbery polymer, a rubbery polymer, and a graft copolymer and thermoplastic resin composition including the rubbery polymer. In accordance with the present disclosure, a rubbery polymer, in which a large-diameter rubbery polymer and a small-diameter rubbery polymer are formed in a desired ratio by controlling the contents, addition time points, and types of a crosslinking agent, an emulsifier, and a molecular weight regulator when a conjugated diene monomer, the crosslinking agent, the molecular weight regulator, and the emulsifier are polymerized, and a graft copolymer and thermoplastic resin composition having excellent surface gloss and mechanical properties are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2019
    Assignee: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Jin Hyoung Lee, Young Min Kim, Su Jeong Han, Yoo Vin Kim, Young Hwan Jeong, Sun Haeng Chung, Jae Min Suk
  • Patent number: 10458046
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a graphene conjugate fiber and a method for manufacturing same, and more particularly, to a conjugate fiber including graphene and a polymer, wherein a wrinkled structure of the graphene is maintained in a fiber state. The graphene conjugate fiber manufactured thereby has superior mechanical properties, is flexible, and has high utility by being manufactured as a fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Assignee: IUCF-HYU (Industry-University Cooperation Foundation Hanyang University)
    Inventors: Seon Jeong Kim, Min Kyoon Shin, Shi Hyeong Kim
  • Patent number: 10071345
    Abstract: This disclosure concerns methods for formation of a novel PBI asymmetric hollow fiber membrane and its application for gas separations, gas/vapor separations, gas/liquid separations (i.e., pervaporation), and liquid separations including solute molecule removal from organic solvents and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignee: Los Alamos National Security, LLC
    Inventors: Kathryn A. Berchtold, Kevin W. Dudeck, Rajinder P. Singh, Ganpat J. Dahe
  • Patent number: 10052807
    Abstract: A fiber manufacturing method includes the following steps of: dissolving a polymer in a solvent to obtain a polymer solution; spraying the polymer solution into a liquid heated to a boiling point of the solvent or higher, and evaporating the solvent to precipitate a fibrous polymer in a sealed precipitation tank, the liquid being immiscible with the polymer and the solvent; conveying the precipitated fibrous polymer in a liquid from the precipitation tank; water-rinsing the fibrous polymer conveyed in the liquid in the conveying step in a sealed water-rinsing tank; conveying the water-rinsed fibrous polymer in a liquid from the water-rinsing tank; and cooling and condensing solvent gas that is generated in the spraying step and the water-rinsing step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Yukihiro Katai, Shigehisa Sugiyama, Seiji Kasahara, Yasuhisa Shimoda, Masahiro Esaki
  • Patent number: 9913934
    Abstract: A radiopaque, optically translucent thermoplastic polyurethane compound is disclosed. The use of nano-sized particles of barium sulfate optionally in combination with a minor amount of certain dispersion aids allows the barium sulfate to be sufficiently dispersed within the thermoplastic polyurethane to retain optical translucency according to a defined Haze Determination Test. Medical devices, needing both visual spectrum observation before and during in-vivo medical use and radiopacity monitoring during in-vivo medical use, benefit from this compound. Optionally, a surface enhancer can also be used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: PolyOne Corporation
    Inventors: Jack Frautschi, Jing Liu, Jiannong Xu
  • Patent number: 9850341
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for preparing polymer microparticles by a spray process, wherein a polymer solution obtained by dissolving a polyester-based polymer in ethylene carbonate (hereinafter, referred to as “EC”), which is a solvent, is sprayed at a low temperature hydrocarbon or alcohol solution, thereby preparing frozen EC/polymer microparticles, the frozen EC/polymer microparticles are dissolved in a salt aqueous solution, thereby dissolving and removing EC, and the residual EC in water is removed by washing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: VAIM CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Gun Poong Kim
  • Patent number: 9790622
    Abstract: The present invention concerns methods for obtaining high-tenacity aramid yarn, wherein the yarn is made of a copolymer obtained from a mixture of monomers comprising 5-(6)-amino-2-(p-aminophenyl)benzimidazole, an aromatic para-diamine, and an aromatic para-diacid; the method comprising: a) spinning said copolymer from an inorganic acid solvent to produce the aramid yarn; b) washing said yarn with a basic aqueous solution for at least 5 seconds; and c) heating said yarn; wherein the yarn is heated in at least two process steps, characterized in that (i) in a first step the yarn is heated at a temperature of 200 to 360° C. at a tension of at least 0.2 cN/dtex, followed by (ii) a second step wherein the yarn is heated at a temperature of 370 to 500° C. at a tension of less than 1 cN/dtex. In some embodiments, the yarn has an effective polymer cation to sulfur content molar ratio of at least 0.3. In some embodiments, the yarn has a hydrolytic strength retention of the yarn is greater than 60%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2017
    Assignee: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Warren Francis Knoff, Christopher William Newton
  • Patent number: 9732442
    Abstract: The present invention concerns methods for producing a yarn comprising the steps of: (a) producing a plurality of dope filaments by spinning a polymer solution in sulfuric acid through a multi-hole spinneret, the polymer comprising imidazole groups; (b) coagulating the plurality of dope filaments into an as-spun yarn; (c) contacting the yarn with an aqueous base having a pKa less than or equal to 11; and (d) rinsing the yarn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignee: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Steven R. Allen, Vlodek Gabara, Joseph Lenning Lowery, Steven Raymond Lustig, Christopher William Newton, David J. Rodini, Andrew J. Sitter
  • Patent number: 9593200
    Abstract: The present invention provides a thermoplastic polyurethane obtained by reacting organic diisocyanate (A), polymer polyol (B) having a number average molecular weight (Mn) of 1000-5000 and chain extender (C), wherein the chain extender (C) contains a straight chain diol (c-1) and a side chain alkyl group-containing diol (c-2), a molar ratio of the straight chain diol (c-1) and the side chain alkyl group-containing diol (c-2) (straight chain diol (c-1)/side chain alkyl group-containing diol (c-2)) in the chain extender (C) is 97/3-60/40, and a nitrogen atom content is not less than 1.5 mass % and less than 4.0 mass %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Assignee: KURARAY CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Yusuke Tanaka
  • Patent number: 9590514
    Abstract: A substrate having trenches containing carbon nanotubes has elements to provide a power converter. One set of trenches is configured to form an inductor and another set is configured to form a capacitor. Trenches in the substrate are also configured to receive semiconductor material and carbon nanotubes to form a power field effect transistor. All the elements are coupled together using carbon nanotubes placed in connection trenches of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2017
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama, for and on behalf of the University of Alabama
    Inventor: Jaber A. Abu Qahouq
  • Patent number: 9577235
    Abstract: A method for preparing a high temperature melt integrity separator, the method comprising spinning a polymer by one or more of a mechanical spinning process and an electro-spinning process to produce fine fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: SABIC Global Technologies B.V.
    Inventors: Roy Martinus Adrianus L'Abee, Richard Peters, Erich Otto Teutsch, Huiqing Wu, Yanju Wang, Qunjian Huang, Wujun Rong, Jacob Scott LaBelle
  • Patent number: 9434797
    Abstract: The invention relates to a polyvinylidene fluoride polymer having an ultra-high molecular weight, and unexpected physical properties. The ultra-high molecular weight polymer is clear, has a lower melting point, reduced crystallinity, excellent impact resistance, and a high elongation at the yield point. The ultra-high molecular weight polyvinylidene fluoride can be alone, or blended with other polymers, in final applications and articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: Arkema Inc.
    Inventor: Ramin Amin-Sanayei
  • Patent number: 9428614
    Abstract: A high-strength high-modulus polyimide fiber and its preparation method pertain to the technical field of high-performance organic fiber. This fiber includes the polyimide (PI) fiber made from 3,3?,4,4?-biphenyl tetracarboxylic diandhydride (BPDA), p-phenylenediamine (pPDA) and 2-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (BIA), wherein the molar ratio between PPDA and BIA is 1:10˜3:1. During the synthesis, other diamine and diandhydride monomers may also be added. In the preparation process, the gradient temperature reaction method and one-step continuous preparation method are adopted, the synthesis and processing difficulty caused by the increase of the content of BIA is overcome, the problem of poor uniformity and stability of fiber is solved and PI fiber with high strength and high modulus is obtained. Its strength may reach 4.5 GPa and modulus may reach 201 GPa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2016
    Assignee: BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Dezhen Wu, Hongqing Niu, Shengli Qi, Enlin Han, Xiaona Yan, Guofeng Tian, Zhanpeng Wu, Xiaodong Wang
  • Patent number: 9234302
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the preparation of a hollow filament (F) based on one or several molten or dissolved hyperbranched polymers (P) and potentially one or several further polymers (FP), characterized in that the molten or dissolved hyperbranched polymer (P) or the mixture of the hyperbranched polymer (P) with the further polymer (FP) is passed through one or several spinnerets (S), wherein the ratio between the spinneret die-length (L) and the die-channel (Delta-D) is between 0.1 and 9.5. The process can be applied for the preparation of hyperbranched polyethersulfone (HPES) hollow filaments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignees: BASF SE, National University of Singapore
    Inventors: Martin Weber, Volker Warzelhan, Tai-Shung Chung, Natalia Widjojo
  • Patent number: 9109304
    Abstract: Disclosed is aramid tire cord and a method for manufacturing the same, wherein the aramid tire cord has superior properties on initial modulus change rate, tensile strain, initial modulus and strength retention rate, wherein the initial modulus change rate is not more than 5% after the aramid tire cord is repetitively extended 10 times at 120° C. under the condition that the load corresponding to 10% of the strength at break is applied thereto. Thus, the aramid tire cord of the present invention has the most optimal modulus, optimal crystallization constant and optimal crystalline orientation constant so that the aramid tire cord is superior in its initial modulus change rate, tensile strain and initial modulus retention rate, to thereby obtain good fatigue resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Assignee: KOLON INDUSTRIES, INC.
    Inventor: So Yeon Kwon
  • Patent number: 9011739
    Abstract: Methods for making high quality polyimide fibers suitable for continuous industrial production are described. Polyimide fibers are continuously prepared from a polyamic acid solution through sequentially spinning the polyamic acid solution by either a wet or a dry-wet process, coagulating, drying or drying after washing, thermally treating and stretching the resulting polyamic acid fibers to obtain polyimide fibers, and winding polyimide fibers as prepared into rolls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Beijing University of Technology
    Inventors: Dezhen Wu, Hongqing Niu, Shengli Qi, Enlin Han, Xiaona Yan, Guofeng Tian, Xiaodong Wang
  • Patent number: 8999211
    Abstract: A process for producing porous structures from polyamide by dissolving the polyamide in an ionic liquid and precipitating or coagulating the dissolved polyamide by contacting the solution with a liquid precipitant medium. Fibers are produced from the dissolved polyamide in a wet-spinning process by precipitation in protic solvents, in particular water, a C1-4-alkanol or mixtures thereof, and subsequent freeze-drying. Foils, films or coatings are produced by blade coating the dissolved polyamide onto a substrate surface, optionally spraying with protic solvent, in particular water, a C1-4-alcohol or mixtures thereof, dipping into a precipitation or coagulation bath, freeze-drying of the resulting foil, of the film or of the coated substrate. Molded parts are prepared by extracting the dissolved polyamide with protic solvents, preferably water, a C1-4-alcohol or mixtures thereof, wherein the dissolved polymer is transformed to a solid or wax-like state by cooling and extracted after subsequent molding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Stefan Schwiegk, Axel Wilms, Ronald Frans Maria Lange, Michael Siemer, Giovanni D'Andola, Volker Rauschenberger, Frank Hermanutz, Frank Gaehr, Julien Courtois, Dirk Gerhard
  • Publication number: 20150021812
    Abstract: The present invention concerns processes for producing a yarn comprising polymer comprising imidazole groups, the process having the following steps: (a) spinning a solution of polymer in sulfuric acid to give rise to a plurality of dope filaments; (b) coagulating the plurality of dope filaments into a multi-filament as-spun yarn; and (c) washing the as-spun multi-filament yarn with an aqueous acid comprising a halide or an aqueous salt comprising a halide or combination thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2012
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Applicant: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Steven R. Allen, Vlodek Gabara, Joseph Lenning Lowery, Steven Raymond Lustig, Christopher William Newton, David J. Rodini, Andrew J. Sitter
  • Publication number: 20150008185
    Abstract: A hollow fiber type semipermeable membrane which achieves both water permeability and selectivity in high level and performs efficient treatment using small membrane area utilizing the concentration difference from high concentration liquid having high osmotic pressure. The hollow fiber type semipermeable membrane is characterized in that, when an aqueous solution of 25° C. having NaCl concentration of 35 g/L and pressure of 1.0 MPa is flown into an outer side of the hollow fiber type semipermeable membrane having length of about 70 cm while freshwater of 25° C. having NaCl concentration of 0 g/L is flown into an inner side of one open end of the hollow fiber type semipermeable membrane and discharged from another open end at 10 kPa or less, the permeation flow rate is 30 to 70 L/m2/day. An inner diameter thereof is 50 to 200 ?m; and the hollow ratio thereof is 24 to 42%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Applicant: TOYOBO CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Michiko Shimizu, Toshiyuki Yagi, Shinobu Tokimi
  • Patent number: 8911649
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides polyimide fibers with kidney-shaped cross-section and their preparation methods thereof, falling within the technical field of polyimide fiber. Polyimide fibers with kidney-shaped cross-sections are prepared by a continuous, integrated approach, starting from a polyamic acid solution prepared by reacting an aromatic dianhydride with an aromatic diamine. PAA nascent fibers with kidney-shaped cross-sections are obtained by adopting a spinneret having circular orifices under wet spinning process. The kidney-shaped cross-sections are obtained by varying the processing condition, including spinning speed, coagulation bath composition, coagulation temperature, and depth of coagulation bath. After washing and drying, polyamic acid nascent fibers are converted to polyimide fibers with kidney-shaped cross-sections under thermal curing. The integrated preparation methods are suitable for mass industrial production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Beijing University of Technology
    Inventors: Dezhen Wu, Enlin Han, Lun Li, Hongqing Niu, Gongping Shang, Shengli Qi, Xiaodong Wang
  • Patent number: 8889049
    Abstract: An improved process for solution spinning of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMW PE) filaments, wherein the 10 wt % solution of the UHMW PE in mineral oil at 250° C. has a Cogswell extensional viscosity and a shear viscosity within select ranges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc
    Inventors: Thomas Y. Tam, John A. Young, Qiang Zhou, Conor J. Twomey, Charles Arnett
  • Patent number: 8871124
    Abstract: A method for producing a filament yarn from a para-aromatic polyamide, having an optically anisotropic aramid spinning solution filtered within a spinneret arrangement by using a filter having passage openings and extruded within the spinneret arrangement through a plurality of spinning orifices. The extruded anisotropic aramid spinning solution is guided via an air gap, stretched in the process, and collected in an aqueous coagulation bath. The optically anisotropic aramid spinning solution in the spinneret arrangement is fed to the spinning orifices via a flow resistor. The flow resistor is arranged closer to the spinning orifices than the filter, and the flow resistor and the filter are arranged at a distance to one another. The method may also include a para-aromatic polyamide filament yarn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Teijin Aramid B.V.
    Inventors: Leonardus A. G. Busscher, Jacobus Johannes Meerman, Ronald Eduard Hoogerwerf, Alexander L. L. Broekhof
  • Patent number: 8834755
    Abstract: Disclosed are wholly aromatic polyamide filament and a method of manufacturing the same, characterized by comprising multi-stage injection of a coagulant with sulfuric acid concentration lowered sequentially stage by stage, to a spun material fed into a coagulant injection tank. The present invention enables increase of a spinning and take-up velocity without occurrence of thread cutting by uniformly and evenly coagulating surface and inside of the spun material. In addition, the present invention recovers the coagulant or water already used and reuses the recovered coagulant or water in the earlier stages, so that it has advantages of saving production costs and reducing environmental contamination. Accordingly, the wholly aromatic polyamide filament produced according to the present invention has high crystallinity X, large apparent crystal size ACS and reduced defects in the crystal itself, thereby exhibiting more improved physical properties such as strength and modulus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Kolon Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: In-Sik Han, Jae-Young Lee, Seung-Hwan Lee, Jae-Young Kim, So-Yeon Kwon
  • Patent number: 8826636
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for obtaining high-tenacity aramid yarn, wherein the yarn is made of a copolymer obtained from a mixture of monomers comprising DAPBI, an aromatic para-diamine, and an aromatic para-diacid, wherein the yarn is heated in at least two process steps, characterized in that in a first step the yarn is heated at a temperature of 200 to 360° C. at a tension of at least 0.2 cN/dtex, followed by a second step wherein the yarn is heated at a temperature of 370 to 500° C. at a tension of less than 1 cN/dtex. The invention further pertains to a multifilament aramid yarn spun from a sulfuric acid spin dope and having a tenacity of at least 2500 mN/tex.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Teijin Aramid B.V.
    Inventors: Hanneke Boerstoel, Johannes Bos, Adriaan Anton Schaap, Dennis Wilbers, Leonardus Antonuis Godfried Busscher, Antonius Henricus Maria Schotman, Kurt Rainer Hans-Heinrich Stolze
  • Patent number: 8802233
    Abstract: Upon producing a meta-type wholly aromatic polyamide fiber by wet spinning a polymer solution containing a meta-type wholly aromatic polyamide containing a m-phenylenediamine isophthalamide skeleton as a major component, and an amide solvent containing a salt, (1) the polymer solution is ejected into a coagulation bath containing an amide solvent and water and containing a salt at a low concentration to coagulate as a porous thread body (fibrous material), (2) which is subsequently stretched in a plastic stretching bath containing an aqueous solution of an amide solvent, (3) is rinsed with water and then subjected to a heat treatment in a saturated steam atmosphere, and (4) is then subjected to a dry heat treatment, so as to produce a novel meta-type wholly aromatic polyamide fiber that contains an extremely small amount of a solvent remaining in the fibers, contains a small amount of a volatile substance harmful in a heat treatment step at a high temperature, is capable of suppressing coloration of a fiber p
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Teijin Limited
    Inventors: Kotaro Takiue, Hiroshi Fujita
  • Patent number: 8790554
    Abstract: A method of preparing meta-aramid fibers includes the operations of polymerization, neutralization and spinning using m-phenylenediamine and isophthaloyl chloride as raw materials, wherein the neutralizing agent is added in an amount that is sufficient only for neutralizing a part of hydrogen chloride, so that the resultant spin dope of polyisophthaloyl metaphenylene diamine contains salts produced by the neutralization reaction and a part of unneutralized hydrogen chloride. The method of the invention has a short production line with reduced amount of the neutralizing agent, therefore both the costs of raw materials and the production energy consumption are saved. The fibers prepared according to the method of the invention have reduced gray scale to improve the electrical insulation properties of the fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Inventor: Zhou Zhong
  • Patent number: 8771571
    Abstract: A method for preparing a polyglutamic acid (?-PGA) fiber having antibacterial and water absorption properties is provided. The method includes providing a ?-PGA fiber and immersing it in a sodium hypochlorite solution. A relation exists between an immersing time T of the ?-PGA fiber and a concentration X of the sodium hypochlorite solution as shown in the formula below: 10.2?(T?64.55X2+50X)?15.2, wherein X is 0.006-0.4 wt %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Far Eastern New Century Corporation
    Inventors: Jo-Wei Huang, Chia-Chang Liu, Ying-Nan Tsai
  • Patent number: 8752713
    Abstract: A hollow porous membrane with a reduced cost and excellent separation characteristic, water permeability, and mechanical strength and a process of producing the hollow porous membrane with an excellent adhesive property between a support and a porous membrane layer at a low cost are provided. The hollow porous membrane includes a porous membrane layer in which dense layers are disposed in the vicinities of an outer surface and an inner surface. In the process of producing the hollow porous membrane, membrane-forming dopes of a first membrane-forming dope and a second membrane-forming dope, which contain the material of the porous membrane layer and a solvent, are successively applied and stacked onto the outer circumferential surface of a hollow support and the applied membrane-forming dopes are simultaneously coagulated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Rayon Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masashi Teramachi, Kei Murase, Toshinori Sumi, Yasuo Hiromoto, Hiroyuki Fujiki, Masaki Kurashina, Masakazu Minagawa
  • Patent number: 8739978
    Abstract: Disclosed is a porous membrane with high tensile strength, good elongation at break, and good water permeability, and a method for manufacturing the same. The porous membrane comprises a bead structure including plural spherical crystallites, wherein macro voids isolated from one another with the plural spherical crystallites are formed in an outer surface side of the porous membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Kolon Industries Inc.
    Inventors: Joon-Khee Yoon, Moo-Seok Lee
  • Publication number: 20140106167
    Abstract: A method of spinning a polyacrylonitrile PAN-based precursor fiber comprises extruding a spinning solution of ultra-high molecular weight polyacrylonitrile polymer through a multi-filament spinnerette where the solution has a viscosity of between about 100 and about 300 Pa-sec (at a shear rate of 1 l/sec) at a dope extrusion temperature of between about 20° C. and about 26° C., producing a fiber having a diameter of between about 4 and about 10 micron, a tensile strength of between about 500 and about 1100 MPa, and an elastic modulus between about 13 and about 18 GPa.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2012
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: THE UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventor: The University of Kentucky Research Foundation
  • Patent number: 8637583
    Abstract: A process for the manufacture of a fiber or foil comprising at least one optionally functionalized polymer with a high Tg selected from the group consisting of poly(aryl ether sulfone) (PAES), poly(aryl ether ketone) (PAEK) and aromatic polyimide, comprising the steps of (aa) providing a solution comprising at least 45 wt. % of the polymer, and at least 20 wt. %, of at least one halogen-free organic solvent (S1) for the polymer, both wt % based upon the weight of the solution; (bb) pushing the solution through a nozzle; and (cc) introducing the solution into a coagulation bath comprising: (cc1) at least one liquid (L1) in which the polymer is insoluble, and optionally (cc2) at least one organic solvent (S2) for the polymer, identical to or different from the organic solvent (S1), to form a fiber or foil. A fiber or foil obtained by this process as well as to fibers or foils with specific porosity features and/or mechanical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Solvay Advanced Polymers, L.L.C.
    Inventors: Frank Hermanutz, Mark G. Reichmann
  • Patent number: 8623245
    Abstract: A colored high strength polyethylene fiber, preparation method and use thereof are provided, which are in the high molecular material field. The surface of said high strength polyethylene fiber is chromatic, grey or black. The strength of said high strength polyethylene fiber is 15-50 g/d, its modulus is 400-2000 g/d. The product of the present invention is colored, so it can be well applied to civil and military field. The preparation method of present invention has some advantages that technological process is simple, production efficiency is high, cost of production is low, performance of made fiber is excellent, and use-cost is reduced, compared with the prior art.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Shandong ICD High Performance Fibres Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yi Ren
  • Patent number: 8574474
    Abstract: An aramid fiber and a method of producing the same is disclosed, which is capable of realizing high surface uniformity and improved tensile strength and elongation property, wherein the method comprises preparing an aromatic polyamide by polymerizing aromatic diamine with aromatic diacid halide; preparing a spinning dope by dissolving the aromatic polyamide in a solvent; and extruding the spinning dope through a spinneret, and sequentially passing the spinning dope through an air gap, a coagulation bath filled with a coagulation solution, and a coagulation tube having a jet opening, connected with the bottom of the coagulation bath, to obtain a filament wherein a distance from the upper surface of the coagulation solution contained in the coagulation bath to the jet opening of the coagulation tube is within a range between 10 and 35 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Kolon Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Jae Young Lee, Jae Young Kim, Tae Hak Park, Sang Young Yeo
  • Patent number: 8512627
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for the production of a poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (PVDF-HFP) asymmetric hollow fiber membrane. The invention comprises preparing a dope solution of PVDF-HFP with an additive of lithium chloride or glycerol dissolved in a solvent such as N-methylpyrollidone (NMP). The dope solution is spun to form a PVDF-HFP asymmetric hollow fiber membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Nanyang Technological University
    Inventors: Rong Wang, David Tee Liang, Joo Hwa Tay
  • Patent number: 8501071
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for obtaining high-tenacity aramid yarn, wherein the yarn is made of a copolymer obtained from a mixture of monomers comprising DAPBI, an aromatic para-diamine, and an aromatic para-diacid, wherein the yarn is heated in at least two process steps, characterized in that in a first step the yarn is heated at a temperature of 200 to 360° C. at a tension of at least 0.2 cN/dtex, followed by a second step wherein the yarn is heated at a temperature of 370 to 500° C. at a tension of less than 1 cN/dtex. The invention further pertains to a multifilament aramid yarn spun from a sulfuric acid spin dope and having a tenacity of at least 2500 mN/tex.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Teijin Aramid B.V.
    Inventors: Hanneke Boerstoel, Johannes Bos, Adriaan Anton Schaap, Dennis Wilbers, Leonardus Antonius Godfried Busscher, Antonius Henricus Maria Schotman, Kurt Rainer Hans-Heinrich Stolze
  • Publication number: 20130183525
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides polyimide fibers with kidney-shaped cross-section and their preparation methods thereof, falling within the technical field of polyimide fiber. Polyimide fibers with kidney-shaped cross-sections are prepared by a continuous, integrated approach, starting from a polyamic acid solution prepared by reacting an aromatic dianhydride with an aromatic diamine. PAA nascent fibers with kidney-shaped cross-sections are obtained by adopting a spinneret having circular orifices under wet spinning process. The kidney-shaped cross-sections are obtained by varying the processing condition, including spinning speed, coagulation bath composition, coagulation temperature, and depth of coagulation bath. After washing and drying, polyamic acid nascent fibers are converted to polyimide fibers with kidney-shaped cross-sections under thermal curing. The integrated preparation methods are suitable for mass industrial production.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2012
    Publication date: July 18, 2013
    Applicant: BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Dezhen Wu, Enlin Han, Lun Li, Hongqing Niu, Gongping Shang, Shengli Qi, Xiaodong Wang
  • Publication number: 20130168895
    Abstract: The present invention is a solution comprising poly(?(1?3) glucan) and an ionic liquid. The solution can further contain a non-solvent that is water or an ionic liquid. The solution is suitable for use as a spinning solution for the preparation of fibers of poly(?(1?3) glucan) without the requirement of first derivatizing the poly(?(1?3) glucan).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Applicant: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
  • Publication number: 20130158171
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a method for making a polymer-additive composite particle from a dope by jet spinning the dope to obtain a pulp, fibril or fibrid, wherein the solvent of the dope is selected from N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, N,N?-dimethylformamide, N,N?-dimethylacetamide, tetramethylurea, and 4 to 75 wt % of a composition consisting of 2 to 95 wt % of a para-aramid polymer and 5-98 wt % of a solid additive material, to a total of 100 wt %, and wherein the aramid polymer is dissolved in the solvent; or coagulating the dope by means of a rotor-stator apparatus in which the polymer solution is applied through the stator on the rotor so that the precipitating polymer-additive composite particle is subjected to shear forces while they are in a plastic deformable stage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 12, 2013
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: TEIJIN ARAMID B.V.
    Inventor: TEIJIN ARAMID B.V.
  • Publication number: 20130137846
    Abstract: A high-strength high-modulus polyimide fiber and its preparation method pertain to the technical field of high-performance organic fiber. This fiber includes the polyimide (PI) fiber made from 3,3?,4,4?-biphenyl tetracarboxylic diandhydride (BPDA), p-phenylenediamine (pPDA) and 2-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (BIA), wherein the molar ratio between PPDA and BIA is 1:10˜3:1. During the synthesis, other diamine and diandhydride monomers may also be added. In the preparation process, the gradient temperature reaction method and one-step continuous preparation method are adopted, the synthesis and processing difficulty caused by the increase of the content of BIA is overcome, the problem of poor uniformity and stability of fiber is solved and PI fiber with high strength and high modulus is obtained. Its strength may reach 4.5 GPa and modulus may reach 201 GPa.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 24, 2012
    Publication date: May 30, 2013
    Applicant: BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
    Inventor: BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
  • Patent number: 8440110
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for producing a metal particle dispersion wherein a metal compound is reduced by using carbodihydrazide represented by the formula (1) below or a polybasic acid polyhydrazide represented by the formula (2) below (wherein R represents an n-valent polybasic acid residue) in a liquid medium. By reducing the metal compound in the presence of a compound having a function preventing discoloration of the metal, there can be obtained a metal particle dispersion having excellent discoloration preventing properties. Metal particles produced by such methods have a uniform particle diameter and are excellent in dispersion stability. By using a conductive resin composition or conductive ink containing a metal particle dispersion obtained by such production methods, there can be formed a conductive coating film, such as a conductive circuit or an electromagnetic layer, having good characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Toyo Ink Mfg Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kaori Sakaguchi, Kinya Shiraishi
  • Publication number: 20130098833
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of preparing a nanocomposite membrane, comprising: (a) providing a nanocomposite solution comprising a polymer solution and nanomaterials; (b) subjecting the nanocomposite solution to a cold water bath to produce the nanocomposite membrane in a gel-like form; and (c) subjecting the gel nanocomposite membrane to a heat treatment to solidify the nanocomposite membrane, wherein the nanomaterials are dispersed within the polymer matrix of the nanocomposite membrane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2011
    Publication date: April 25, 2013
    Applicant: NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Darren Delai Sun, Zhaoyang Liu
  • Patent number: 8425822
    Abstract: A composition of matter suitable for spinning polyaniline fiber, a method for spinning electrically conductive polyaniline fiber, a method for exchanging dopants in polyaniline fibers, and methods for dedoping and redoping polyaniline fibers are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Santa Fe Science and Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Benjamin R. Mattes, Phillip N. Adams, Dali Yang, Lori A. Brown, Andrei G. Fadeev, Ian D. Norris
  • Patent number: 8419990
    Abstract: Disclosed are wholly aromatic polyamide filament and a method of manufacturing the same, characterized in that, in the process of preparing the wholly aromatic polyamide polymer, the aromatic diamine, aromatic diacid chloride and polymerization solvent put into the reactor 20 are agitated by an agitation device which is installed in the reactor 20 and consists of: (i) a rotor 3 driven by a motor 2 and having a plurality of pins 3a; and (ii) a stator 4 having a plurality of pins 4a, wherein spin speed of the rotor 3 is controlled to 10 to 100 times of both of feeding rates for the aromatic diacid chloride and the aromatic diamine in the polymerization solvent into the reactor and, at the same time, contact frequency between the pins 3a and the pins 4a is regulated within a range of 100 to 1,000 Hz.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: Kolon Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: In-Sik Han, Jae-Young Lee, Jae-Young Kim, Tae-Hak Park, So-Yeon Kwon
  • Patent number: 8419989
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a process and apparatus for spinning polymer filaments comprising extruding a polymer solution to form one or more filaments into an air gap above a coagulation liquid, where the filaments are subject to strain; forming a downward stream of liquid and filaments by contacting the polymer solution with a coagulation liquid; passing the filaments and liquid through a quench tube; contacting the liquid with a surface such that the downward force of gravity on the liquid does not increase the strain of the filaments in the air gap; and separating the liquid from the filaments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignees: Magellan Systems International LLC, E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Christopher William Newton
  • Publication number: 20130075950
    Abstract: The present invention concerns methods for obtaining high-tenacity aramid yarn, wherein the yarn is made of a copolymer obtained from a mixture of monomers comprising 5-(6)-amino-2-(p-aminophenyl)benzimidazole, an aromatic para-diamine, and an aromatic para-diacid. The method comprises: a) spinning said copolymer from an inorganic acid solvent to produce the aramid yarn; b) washing the yarn with a basic aqueous solution for at least 5 seconds; and c) heating the yarn; wherein the yarn is heated in at least two process steps, comprising (i) in a first step the yarn is heated at a temperature of 200 to 360° C. at a tension of at least 0.2 cN/dtex, followed by (ii) a second step wherein the yarn is heated at a temperature of 370 to 500° C. at a tension of less than 1 cN/dtex.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2012
    Publication date: March 28, 2013
    Applicant: E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: WARREN FRANCIS KNOFF, CHRISTOPHER WILLIAM NEWTON
  • Patent number: 8377355
    Abstract: Disclosed are a method of manufacturing wholly aromatic polyamid filaments and wholly aromatic polyamid filaments produced by the same. The process includes control of a timing for introducing wholly aromatic polyamid polymer into an extruder for preparation of a spinning dope based on particle size and/or inherent viscosity (IV) of the polyamid polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Kolon Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: So-Yeon Kwon
  • Patent number: 8372323
    Abstract: A process for preparing a PANOX fiber comprising: obtaining an acrylonitrile copolymer, wherein the copolymer contains at least about 2% by weight itaconic acid comonomer; forming a spin dope from the copolymer; wet spinning the spin dope to obtain gelled filaments; contacting the gelled filaments with ammonia activator in an aqueous imbibation bath; bundling the gelled filaments to obtain a fiber; removing solvent from the fiber; drawing the fiber; densifying the fiber by heating the fiber up to about 400 degrees C. for a time of about 15 minutes in a rapid densification zone; and withdrawing a PANOX fiber from the densification zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: International Fibers, Ltd.
    Inventor: W. Kenneth Wilkinson
  • Publication number: 20120325746
    Abstract: A polymer membrane for water treatment, characterized in comprising a hollow fiber membrane having a self-supporting design composed of the substantially single principal structural material, with an outer diameter of 3.6 mm to 10 mm and a ratio of outer diameter to thickness, SDR, of 3.6 to 34.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 2, 2011
    Publication date: December 27, 2012
    Inventors: Toshihiro Tamai, Naotaka Oyabu, Saki Tanimura, Takashi Osugi, Ryuichi Matsuo
  • Publication number: 20120316314
    Abstract: A water-insoluble polyglutamic acid (PGA) fiber and a preparation method thereof are provided. In the preparation method, the PGA is cross-linked by a cross-linking agent and then passes through a spinning nozzle to form PGA fibers. Therefore, the highly water-absorbing PGA, which cannot be spun by conventional methods, can be spun to form PGA fibers and maintain the high water-absorption ability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2012
    Publication date: December 13, 2012
    Applicant: FAR EASTERN NEW CENTURY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jo-Wei Huang, Mei-Ting Fan Chiang, Ken-Yuan Chang
  • Patent number: 8273278
    Abstract: A water-insoluble polyglutamic acid (PGA) fiber and a preparation method thereof are provided. In the preparation method, the PGA is cross-linked by a cross-linking agent and then passes through a spinning nozzle to form PGA fibers. Therefore, the highly water-absorbing PGA, which cannot be spun by conventional methods, can be spun to form PGA fibers and maintain the high water-absorption ability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Far East New Century Corporation
    Inventors: Jo-Wei Huang, Mei-Ting Fan Chiang, Ken-Yuan Chang