Oscillating Lever Patents (Class 280/253)
  • Patent number: 10518840
    Abstract: The present invention is a removable device/mechanism which is installed onto a bicycle. The installed device assists a user in pedaling in a unique fashion which removes the stresses and forces of ordinary cycling. The movement of the pedals becomes such that force is caused only during half of the circumferential movement of each pedal, similar to a step/climbing machine. The movement is achieved by placing two shafts which move alongside planes parallel to the user during motion, the two shafts being interconnected at their top and bottom ends. The bottom ends are connected to the gears and chain of the bicycle as described herein. The top ends are connected to a reverse mechanism as described herein. The combination of elements assists the user by turning an ordinary bicycle into a more relaxed use machine, allowing more people to use bicycles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Inventor: Efim Gimpel
  • Patent number: 9221514
    Abstract: The invention is directed towards a scooter comprising a frame, a front wheel carried by the frame, a rear wheel carried by the frame, a pair of reciprocating pedals attached to the frame, a drive assembly for transferring force from the reciprocating pedals to the rear wheel comprising: a pedal cam having a plurality of openings at various distances from the rotational center of the pedal cam; a drive pin extending from one of the reciprocating pedals and is received on one of the openings; and, a gear shifting cable attached to the drive pin causing the drive pin to engage with one of the openings so that the pedal cam is rotated by the movement of the pedal so that based upon the opening engaged, the rotational power output that the pedal cam ultimately exerts on the rear wheel is varied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: Zike, LLC
    Inventors: Nathan A. Scolari, George Reiter
  • Patent number: 9033356
    Abstract: A shilly-car includes a main frame module with a rear-wheel tube and a main-frame tube, a front connecting tube and a swing module. A seat cushion is mounted onto a T-shaped structure comprised of the rear-wheel tube and main-frame tube, and two wheels are installed at both ends of the rear-wheel tube respectively. The swing module includes a pedal tube and a swing tube having a bearing sleeve and a bearing. The front connecting tube has an end rotably fixed to the swing tube and the other end fixed with the main-frame tube, and a C-shaped fixed element is installed at an end of the front connecting tube for receiving the bearing sleeve and the bearings, and a fixing shaft is provided for rotably fixing both bearing sleeve and bearing, so that the pedal tube can be stepped by both legs of a rider to move the shilly-car forward.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: KUNSHAN JIAN XIANG WEI MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Jian-Wei Xiao
  • Patent number: 9004515
    Abstract: A transmission assembly for a human- and/or motor-powered vehicle, including a hollow transfer shaft, first and second inner one-way needle bearings, the first inner one-way needle bearing disposed within a first hollow end of the transfer shaft, and the second inner one-way needle bearing disposed within a second hollow end of the transfer shaft; and a first and a second outer one-way needle bearings, each having an inner diameter and an outer diameter, the first outer one-way needle bearing disposed about the outer diameter of the transfer shaft near the first hollow end of the transfer shaft, and the second outer one-way needle bearing disposed about the outer diameter of the transfer shaft near the second end of the transfer shaft, such that the inner diameter of each of the first and second outer one-way needle bearings contacts the outer diameter of the transfer shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Inventor: Jeffery Curtis Adams
  • Patent number: 8979107
    Abstract: An easy-pedaling and labor-saving bicycle includes a frame, a front and a rear wheel set, a transmission set driving the rear wheel set, and a pedal device driving the transmission set. The pedal device includes a crank disposed on the frame, a link-up member driving a rear link-up plate to rotate, a link-up strip disposed between one end of the crank and the link-up member, a pedal unit disposed at the other end of the crank, and a straining member disposed between the frame and the link-up strip. Pedaling the pedal unit makes the crank set as an extension of a moment arm for increasing a force moment imparting to the transmission set. The crank swings downward easily to allow the other end thereof to pull the link-up strip, whereby the link-up member, the transmission set, and the rear wheel are driven to pedal easily, save labor and drive quickly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Inventor: Yong-Song Lin
  • Patent number: 8979108
    Abstract: A bicycle equipped with two, oscillatingly mounted on a joint axis (1), rear-facing levers (2) with pedals (3) and a rotary-return mechanism comprising a hub (9), bearing-placed on an axis (8), on which fixed are two freewheels (6) cooperating with levers (2) and a third chainwheel (10) transmitting the drive through the chain (13) and sprocket (14) onto the bicycle's drive wheel (15). To each of the levers (2) attached is rotatively on an axis (5) one end of one of the two chains (7) which connect these levers (2) with one of the two freewheels (6), and the other ends of these chains (7) are mutually joined with a chain (11) run on a reversible chainwheel (12). The lever (2) together with a part of the chain (7) in the upper extreme position of the pedal (3) is tangent to one of the two freewheels (6), and the second lever (2) in the bottom extreme position of the second pedal (3) is in a near-vertical position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Inventors: Anna Koscielecka, Boguslaw Koscielecki, Marika Koscielecka
  • Patent number: 8973936
    Abstract: A rehabilitation device includes a wheeled platform with first and second pedals, the first and second pedals engaging drive mechanisms for first and second rear wheels of the device, respectively. First and second braking mechanisms provide independent braking of the first and second rear wheels of the device. The independent braking mechanisms of the rehabilitation device provide a method of steering the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Inventor: Scott Novins
  • Patent number: 8955861
    Abstract: A bicycle with a driving train has a continuous chain connecting the spindle connected front sprocket to the rear one way engaging other way ratcheting sprocket situated at the rear wheel hub. Two long fulcrum lever pedal bars are pivoted about two-thirds away from its front end to a bicycle frame. A connecting rod is connected pivotally to the rear end of each fulcrum lever pedal bars. The other end of each connecting rods are connected pivotally to their sides spindle arms, which are connected opposite to each other to the spindle. A pedal is fitted at the front end of both fulcrum lever pedal bars. Whereby, when the pedal is at its top position the rider's foot presses the pedal, thus the drive train is in motion. The other pedal is making its way to the top position. Pressing the pedal alternatively keeps the bicycle in continuous motion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Inventor: Randolph Raviraj Rasiah
  • Patent number: 8944452
    Abstract: A non-motorized scooter comprising a frame carrying a front wheel assembly, a rear wheel assembly, and a handle bar assembly operatively associated with the front wheel assembly; a first lever arm pivotally mounted on the frame; a second lever arm pivotally mounted on the frame adjacent the first lever arm, wherein the first and second lever arms move up and down in a lever action and define a rider platform; a drive unit operatively connected to the first and second lever arms and the rear wheel assembly so that the up and down lever action turns a rear wheel; and, a detent lock releasably securing the first and second lever arms to the frame to resist the up and down lever action of the lever arms until the detent lock is released.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Zike, LLC
    Inventors: Nathan Scolari, George Reiter
  • Patent number: 8899605
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a roller board, and more particularly, to a pedal-driven roller board that converts a reciprocating motion of pedals formed on the board into a rotational motion to drive a gear, so that a user can drive the board without kicking the ground. Furthermore, the pedal-driven roller board includes a derailleur, so that a user can conveniently control the speed of the pedal-driven roller board. Moreover, a user can develop and strengthen his/her muscles by pedaling the pedal-driven roller board. To this end, a pedal-driven roller board according to the present invention includes: a handle disposed at the front side of a board to steer a front wheel; a rear wheel at the rear side of the board; and two pedals formed on the top surface of the board to drive the rear wheel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Inventor: Ji Hoon Kim
  • Publication number: 20140339786
    Abstract: A shilly-car includes a main frame module with a rear-wheel tube and a main-frame tube, a front connecting tube and a swing module. A seat cushion is mounted onto a T-shaped structure comprised of the rear-wheel tube and main-frame tube, and two wheels are installed at both ends of the rear-wheel tube respectively. The swing module includes a pedal tube and a swing tube having a bearing sleeve and a bearing. The front connecting tube has an end rotably fixed to the swing tube and the other end fixed with the main-frame tube, and a C-shaped fixed element is installed at an end of the front connecting tube for receiving the bearing sleeve and the bearings, and a fixing shaft is provided for rotably fixing both bearing sleeve and bearing, so that the pedal tube can be stepped by both legs of a rider to move the shilly-car forward.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2013
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: Kunshan Jian Xiang Wei Mechanical Technology Co., LTD.
    Inventor: Jian-Wei Xiao
  • Publication number: 20140333043
    Abstract: Phase gear and lever mechanism converts reciprocating power to rotary power with phase gear providing power stroke of greater duration than travel stroke so as to develop efficient power through a power stroke. A modified lever and gear mechanism converts reciprocating power to rotary power at variable out power ratio. Both converting mechanisms are applied as bicycle drive mechanisms. Both mechanisms are applied together in a bicycle one as a drive mechanism, the other for synchronizing the drive mechanism.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 8, 2013
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Inventor: Alexander Gendell
  • Patent number: 8857840
    Abstract: The present invention is an improved drive system for a personal vehicle comprising: a frame with a steerable front wheel and rear wheel connected to a drive axle connected to a crank arm by a drive linkage; a roller rotatably attached to the crank arm; a pedal pivotally attached to the frame having a cavity for receiving the roller; a contoured wear bar carried by the cavity for contacting the perimeter of the roller; a major arch included in the contoured wear bar contacting the roller when the pedal is on a down stroke; a minor arch included in the contoured wear bar for providing additional power when the pedal is near the end of its down stroke; and, a major front slope included in the wear bar for contacting the roller when the pedal is in its upstroke to place the pedal at its highest most position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Zike, LLC
    Inventors: Nathan A. Scolari, George Reiter
  • Patent number: 8857839
    Abstract: A lever drive system for a scooter including a crank arm having a first distal end pivotally carried on a frame and operatively associated with a drive sprocket, wherein reciprocating movement of the crank arm causes rotation of the drive sprocket for moving a drive chain operatively associated with a wheel assembly. A footrest is disposed on the crank arm for operating the crank arm. A cam member is pivotally mounted to the frame generally adjacent the crank arm. A cam follower is carried by the crank arm engaging the cam member, wherein movement of the crank arm causes the cam follower to move along a contoured control surface of the cam member for controlling an up and down movement of the crank arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Zike, LLC
    Inventors: Nathan Scolari, George Reiter
  • Patent number: 8840127
    Abstract: A pedal drive system for a bicycle includes a front spiral cone pulley and a rear pulley. The front spiral cone pulley is attached to a crank arm, and the rear pulley is attached to a rear wheel on a bicycle in some embodiments. A power cable, or tension linkage, extends between the front spiral cone pulley and the rear pulley. The front spiral cone pulley is angularly moveable relative to the first crank arm such that the radial position of the point of engagement between the power cable and the front spiral cone pulley may be selectively manipulated for controlling the gear ratio between the front spiral cone pulley and the rear pulley. In some embodiments, the rear pulley is also a spiral cone pulley.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Inventor: Robert Musgrove
  • Publication number: 20140265212
    Abstract: A lever drive system for a scooter including a crank arm having a first distal end pivotally carried on a frame and operatively associated with a drive sprocket, wherein reciprocating movement of the crank arm causes rotation of the drive sprocket for moving a drive chain operatively associated with a wheel assembly. A footrest is disposed on the crank arm for operating the crank arm. A cam member is pivotally mounted to the frame generally adjacent the crank arm. A cam follower is carried by the crank arm engaging the cam member, wherein movement of the crank arm causes the cam follower to move along a contoured control surface of the cam member for controlling an up and down movement of the crank arm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: ZIKE, LLC
    Inventors: Nathan Scolari, George Reiter
  • Publication number: 20140265214
    Abstract: A dual drive system for a non-motorized vehicle comprising a first drive unit disposed on a vehicle frame, wherein the first drive unit has a rotary action and is operatively associated with a first wheel assembly for turning a wheel; and, a second drive unit disposed on the vehicle frame, wherein the second drive unit has a lever action and is operatively associated with the first wheel assembly for turning the wheel. The first drive unit and the second drive unit are independently operable for turning the wheel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: ZIKE, LLC
    Inventors: Nathan Scolari, George Reiter
  • Publication number: 20140265213
    Abstract: The present invention is provided with a manual input device capable of bidirectional inputting, the output end thereof is served to output to the input end of a bidirectional input unidirectional output transmission device, the output end of the bidirectional input unidirectional output transmission device performs output in a constant rotating direction, so a loading wheel set can be driven through an engaging or releasing operational clutch device (70), and when the loading wheel set performs reverse driving in the opposite rotating direction for the purpose of reverse linking, the load is released by the engaging or releasing operational clutch device (70), thereby preventing the transmission wheel system of the bidirectional input unidirectional output driven vehicle having clutch device at load end from being locked.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventor: Tai-Her Yang
  • Patent number: 8783703
    Abstract: An improved energy conversion system for propelling a manually powered vehicle is disclosed. The energy conversion system converts the linear kinetic energy applied by an operator to rotational kinetic energy to propel a vehicle. The energy conversion system includes a mechanical stroke multiplier to increase the distance over which the operator may apply a force to the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Inventor: Richard J. Caspers
  • Patent number: 8746720
    Abstract: A leisure fitness bike has a front frame hinged to a rear frame, a handlebar and a front wheel. A pedal body is installed at upper and lower ends of the front frame. The rear frame includes a saddle, a rear wheel and a rear wheel transmission device. A driving device is between the front and rear frames and coupled to a rear wheel transmission device. After a rider sits on the saddle and puts both hands and legs onto the handlebar and the pedal body, the front frame is moved forward and backward by stretching and contracting forces, and the driving device drives the rear wheel transmission device to roll the rear wheel and move the bike body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Hsin Lung Accessories Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Xue-Sen Liao, Jeeng-Neng Fan
  • Patent number: 8702115
    Abstract: A drive mechanism effects a rotary power output in response to a reciprocating power input resulting from substantially linear forces applied to the drive mechanism, such as those forces applied by a rider on a bicycle. The drive mechanism includes input bevel gears meshed with corresponding output bevel gears coupled to a common power output shaft through clutches that effect a rotary power output at the power output shaft in response to the reciprocating power input from the substantially linear forces. Opposite crank arms are coupled with the input bevel gears such that each crank arm is advanced by an applied substantially linear force, and is retracted upon advancement of the opposite crank arm. In a bicycle, opposite pedals are coupled to corresponding crank arms and are moved through predetermined power strokes in response to substantially linear forces applied by a rider to effect corresponding rotational movements of the input bevel gears and concomitant rotary power output at the power output shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Inventors: Radu Kramer, William X. Desmond
  • Publication number: 20140070515
    Abstract: A mechanism, e.g. for driving a wheelchair, converting oscillating motion of a lever (15) into rotary motion of an output disc (capstans 34) by means of a flexible member (belt 26). In one direction of the lever (15), the belt (26) drives the output disc (capstans 24). In the other direction, the belt (26) slips. This is achieved by a (rotary) drag element (22) providing a (rotary) resistance force(=counter force) upstream the output disc (34) thereby tensioning the belt (26) such that slip is avoided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2012
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Inventor: James T. Maerkze
  • Patent number: 8657319
    Abstract: The present invention is a device which can be used to provide rotation motion to a driving wheel by the application of lateral motion by the user. It consists of axial track plate having a plurality of track paths with said guide paths having a plurality of slope sections. Additionally the caliper element can enable movement of a wheelchair's wheel from a first position to a second position. The caliper element is responsive to slope sections such that the slope sections can engage or disengage the caliper element. The caliper element's broad face is parallel to the track plate's broad face. The broad face is perpendicularly connected to each other via cylindrical pegs along the guide paths. The caliper element has a mating surface enabled to rotate a sprocket which is concentrically connected to a wheel hub where wheel rotates at the same angular velocity as the sprocket while the sprocket is in the engaged mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Inventors: Geoffrey Cullen, Carlton Forse, Ryan Gresh
  • Patent number: 8540264
    Abstract: A four wheel stepper bike having a body with an internal chamber containing a drive mechanism for transmitting power to a wheel, a steering linkage, and a brake. Foot pedal units on opposite side of the body are moved by an operator's feet to apply force to the drive mechanism. A steering column with handles hinged to the body and connected to the steering linkage is selectively movable to steer the bike and move between upright and folded positions. Bumpers attached to an end of the body support the bike in an upright position on a support surface when the steering column is in the folded position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Inventor: Phillip E. Schlangen
  • Patent number: 8511188
    Abstract: An energy conversion system that converts linear kinetic energy to rotational kinetic energy is disclosed. A force is applied to a coil spring, compressing the spring. The spring drives an arm forward as the spring returns to its uncompressed state. The arm, in turn, causes the driving portion of an over-running clutch to rotate forward and drive an output shaft. The linear motion of the arm being driven forward by the spring is converted to rotational kinetic energy in the output shaft. The output shaft may then be connected to an external device to drive that device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Inventor: Richard J. Caspers
  • Patent number: 8465038
    Abstract: A propulsion system of a lever propelled bicycle that utilizes a right and left side assembly consisting of two sets of linear chain links with an offset connection to one another by a spacer means, wherein each assembly is able by said spacer connection means to wrap around separate radial drive members at least 1¾ revolutions without wrapping around itself, therefore providing the rotational pulling means of it's connected radial drive member with a propulsion that is consistent in range and torque. The propulsion system also provides means of rewrapping each chain assembly around its radial drive member for reciprocal rotational pulling action by alternate levers when a rider applies force to each pedal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Inventor: Rashad Na'im Scarborough
  • Publication number: 20130106075
    Abstract: An improved energy conversion system for propelling a manually powered vehicle is disclosed. The energy conversion system converts the linear kinetic energy applied by an operator to rotational kinetic energy to propel a vehicle. The energy conversion system includes a mechanical stroke multiplier to increase the distance over which the operator may apply a force to the vehicle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2012
    Publication date: May 2, 2013
    Inventor: Richard J. Caspers
  • Patent number: 8336897
    Abstract: A standard-sized bicycle includes a main frame, a rear drive wheel and a rowing mechanism. The rowing mechanism is coupled to the steering column about a fulcrum. The fulcrum allows the rowing mechanism to oscillate forward in response to a pushing force and backward in response to a pulling force. The rowing mechanism includes a power lever and a pair of drive levers. The power lever has a handle on one end. The power lever also has a second end. The pair of drive levers extend from the second end of the power lever and provide foot rests for additional force. Each of the pair of drive levers is in mechanical communication with the rear drive wheel such that a forward oscillation of the rowing mechanism will drive the rear drive wheel in a same direction of rotation to propel the bicycle forward.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Inventor: Juliana Leslie
  • Patent number: 8286981
    Abstract: The present invention provides a propulsion assembly for a bicycle. The propulsion assembly includes a support member that at least extends from the bicycle frame to a distal end spaced-apart from the rear wheel. The assembly includes a first drive mechanism rotatably mounted on the frame and axially connected to the rear wheel for transmitting motion thereto. A second drive mechanism is rotatably mounted at the distal end of the support member and coupled with the first drive mechanism. Ratchet mechanisms axially extend from the second drive mechanism and connect to a pair of elongate members. The bicycle has pedal arms with pedals extending therefrom. The elongate members are pivotally, operatively connected to the pedals. The pedals with pedal arms are movable in a circular manner for transmitting rotational power to the elongate members for propelling the bicycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Inventor: Gerald Mclsaac
  • Patent number: 8272655
    Abstract: A mini bike for strengthening a leg muscle, and for enjoying amusement and a leisure time is provided. The mini bike having a pedal as a power generator includes: a driver having a first bevel gear in order to transmit rotation power generated by a rolling motion of a pedal; a second bevel gear installed to transmit rotation power generated in the driver; a first power transmission gear coaxially installed in the second bevel gear to transmit rotation power to a spline shaft; a clutch positioned at the spline shaft to selectively connect rotation power of the first power transmission gear to a first gearshift and a second gearshift and for controlling a low speed and a high speed; a first driving gear and a second driving gear for rotating by selection of the clutch; and a driving controller including a gearshift in which the clutch is connected to the cable in order to select the first gearshift and the second gearshift.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Inventor: Mi Nar Kim
  • Patent number: 8220813
    Abstract: A pedal-driven scooter includes a frame, a head tube, a driving mechanism and two pedals. The pedals can move alternatingly to power the driving mechanism and making the rear wheels to roll. Therefore, a user can standing on the pedals to operate the scooter without kicking the floor as the conventional scooter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Inventor: Shui-Chuan Chou
  • Publication number: 20120145469
    Abstract: A pedal mechanism for a wheeled device includes a frame, at least one wheel having a geared hub, and the at least one wheel rotatably supported by the frame. At least one pedal lever is pivotably mounted to the frame at a mounted end and each lever has a drive end opposite the mounted end. A rotatable drive gear is carried by the frame and includes an axle extending from at least one side. A crank is coupled between the pedal lever device end and the axle. An endless chain is coupled between the geared hub and the rotatable drive gear so that movement of the at least one pedal lever causes rotation of the wheel. The wheeled device may also include a system controller and a motor, wherein a user controller panel allows for combined use of the pedal mechanism and the motor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Publication date: June 14, 2012
    Inventor: Gabriel Yui Lung TONG
  • Patent number: 8061728
    Abstract: An apparatus includes a frame with a pivot axis defined thereupon; a drive wheel coupled to the frame; a first and a second foot link operably coupled to the drive wheel to transfer power to the drive wheel so as to propel the apparatus, each including a foot receiving portion for receiving an operator's foot, a front end, and a rear end; and a pair of internal guide track systems coupled to the frame, each internal guide track system being operative to engage the front end of each foot link internal to the internal guide track system and to direct the front end along a reciprocating path of travel while providing retention to each foot link.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2011
    Assignee: PT Motion Works, Inc.
    Inventors: Brent C. Teal, Bryan L. Pate
  • Patent number: 8056916
    Abstract: Drive systems configured to combine arm power with leg power are disclosed. A drive system may comprise an arm power headset comprising: a joint assembly configured to provide forward and aft movement; and a mounting bracket coupled to the joint assembly and configured to align the joint assembly. The drive system may further comprise: a push/pull rod configured to convert forward and aft arm movement into rotary movement, the push/pull rod coupling the arm power headset to a first drive assembly; the first drive assembly comprising a first drive sprocket coupled to a first crank shaft; a second drive assembly adjacent the first drive assembly; and a linking device linking the second drive assembly with the first drive assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2011
    Inventor: Louis Hudgin
  • Patent number: 8025303
    Abstract: A device for assembling a bicycle equipped with a pedal crank system to improve the mechanics of the kinetic energy put in by the rider by simplifying the movement of the rider's feet into a reciprocating up and down movement. It consists of right and left cranksets (1D, 1G) pivoting about the axis (Ex) of the shafts (2), a chainset which includes a rack (3) that propels the ring gear (4) and the set of ring gears and chains (5, 6) by transforming the play forces through a rear changer (7) and moves forward the rear wheel via its hub receiving the propelling force of the play of the hubs of the cassettes (8) integrated in the hub of the wheel (9), or external with a system of one-way freewheel (8), fixed on the rear fork (12) by the rotating pin (Ax) also maintaining the wheel fastener (25).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2011
    Inventor: Pavel-Tivadar Sakirov
  • Patent number: 7988169
    Abstract: A bicycle according to the present invention comprises of a steering axis and an axle of rear wheel that are attached in one unit with a frame to build a form; a pair of guide members with guide holes formed therein are attached to both cut ends of the frame; a pedal axle with the attachment of pedals and a rotating gear in a unit are respectively assembled and fixed onto the guide members; the bicycle according to the present invention comprises a crankshaft of which a pair of crank cams is assembled and fixed into both cut ends of the frame; a gear which engages with the gear; and a spindle which supports a unit of the gear and a sprocket to rotate; the bicycle according to the present invention is run by a running system in which the crank cam rotates when the pedals are reciprocated up and down.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Inventors: Mi Ja Baek, Woon Ha Baek
  • Patent number: 7967313
    Abstract: A wheeled vehicle includes a pair of leg driven skis and hand operated levers for simultaneously applying power to a crank and drive sprocket to propel the vehicle. A pair of controllers, one at the top of each thrust lever, include handles that are pushed and pulled to reciprocate the levers and may simultaneously be rotated through wrist and forearm action to steer the vehicle. Auxiliary steering is provided through a handlebar mounted to the vehicle separately from the thrust levers. The skis are operatively coupled to their associated levers, either directly through a pivotal connection or indirectly through an elongate link rotatably coupled at one end to the lever and at the other end to the ski.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Inventor: William E. Eggert
  • Patent number: 7938419
    Abstract: A standard-sized bicycle includes a main frame, a rear drive wheel and a rowing mechanism. The rowing mechanism is coupled to the main frame about a fulcrum. The fulcrum allows the rowing mechanism to oscillate forward in response to a pushing force and backward in response to a pulling force. The rowing mechanism includes a power lever and a pair of drive levers. The power lever has a handle on one end. The power lever also has a second end. The pair of drive levers extend from the second end of the power lever. Each of the pair of drive levers is in mechanical communication with the rear drive wheel such that both a forward oscillation of the rowing mechanism and a backward oscillation of the rowing mechanism drive the rear drive wheel in a same direction of rotation to propel the bicycle forward.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Inventor: Juliana Leslie
  • Patent number: 7938420
    Abstract: A drive mechanism for a bicycle is provided including a pedal leverage arm, a drive sprocket spindle, a drive sprocket, a drive gear, and a vertical gear on each side of the bicycle. The vertical gear is attached to the pedal leverage arm so that the vertical gear can mesh with the drive sprocket. A chain on each side of the bicycle extends around the drive gear and a wheel sprocket. Downward movement of a pedal leverage arm causes the attached vertical gear to move downward, causing the meshed drive gear to turn, which causes the drive sprocket spindle on that side of the bicycle to turn, which causes the chain that goes around the drive sprocket on that side of the bicycle to turn, which causes the wheel sprocket and a rear wheel to turn, due to permanent attachment of both the drive sprocket and drive gear to the drive sprocket spindle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Inventor: Nicholas F. Mirabile
  • Patent number: 7914028
    Abstract: An occupant propelled vehicle is provided that includes a frame having a front portion and a rear portion, front and rear wheels, a platform for the occupant, an integrated articulating steering mechanism and a drive mechanism. The steering mechanism provides the multiple function of power transmission to a drive train, maneuvering the vehicle through a 360° turning radius and reversing the direction of the vehicle, so that it can travel both forward and backward. In one embodiment, the driving mechanism includes a power transfer means having a first end connected to a drive sprocket through a chain and a second end connected to another drive sprocket through the chain both sprockets mounted on a front wheel for propulsion. The steering means transfers power through the chains that in turn rotate the sprockets and associated wheel propelling the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Inventor: Adelino Pastilha
  • Publication number: 20110068554
    Abstract: A non-motorized foot board scooter including a frame, a front wheel and a rear wheel, a steering assembly, and a drive train. The drive train includes a kick arm that rotates the rear wheel when the kick arm is pushed backwards by the rider. The kick arm is centered with the rear wheel and a kick guard is located between the rear wheel and the kick arm. A first sprocket is mounted to the arm. The rear wheel has an associated second sprocket that is connected to the rear wheel via a clutch. A chain is mounted to the frame and extends around the first and second sprockets. The chain is routed such that as the arm is rotated the chain is drawn across the second sprocket thereby rotating the drive wheel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 1, 2010
    Publication date: March 24, 2011
    Applicant: BRAVO SPORTS
    Inventors: Anthony Armand, Ken Edlauer, Jack B. Lovley, II
  • Patent number: 7896377
    Abstract: A multi-speed system configured to increase the speed or decrease the pedaling effort of a lever propelled bicycle. The multi-speed system is composed of a manual control device 70, mounted on the frame close to the rider's hand placement on the handle bars, and other connected components configured to change wheel rotation per pedal. It has the ability to transfer manual force to the transmission means to change propulsion speed and effort. Depressing a control lever 2 down will allow the rider to increase in speed and lifting the control lever 2 up would allow the rider to decrease pedaling effort.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2011
    Inventor: Rashad Na'im Scarborough
  • Patent number: 7887076
    Abstract: A skateboard-like personal vehicle comprises a platform, a pair of steerable front wheels controlled by an upright steering lever movable left or right about a longitudinal pivot axis by one hand of the rider, a pair of rear wheels, one of which is driven by a reciprocable foot pedal, and an upright post which can be gripped by the rider's other hand.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2011
    Inventor: Joshua Adams
  • Publication number: 20110031715
    Abstract: A bicycle includes a frame, a pedaling device, a sprocket device, a stepping device and a clutch device. The pedaling device is furnished on the frame for a rider to perform pedaling operation. The sprocket device includes an axle pivotally coupled to the frame and a front sprocket rotatably mounted on the axle. The stepping device is connected between the pedal device and the sprocket device for transmitting power from the pedal device to rotate the axle and increasing moment of force of the pedaling operation by a reciprocal stepping operation. The clutch device is furnished on the frame for performing a first position to engage with the front sprocket so that the front sprocket is driven together with the axle by the stepping device to rotate, and a second position to disengage from the front sprocket so that the front sprocket is free from driven by the stepping device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 17, 2009
    Publication date: February 10, 2011
    Inventor: Chin-Chin Lin
  • Patent number: 7878520
    Abstract: Disclosed is an overdrive system for a bicycle, which increases the speed through use of a combination of a plurality of sprockets and ratchet wheels, and which drives with less power where a user steps on a pedal of a drive lever using the principle of a lever as overdrive generating means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Inventor: Ik-Byung Jang
  • Patent number: 7823898
    Abstract: The improved chainless drive of the present invention features a four speed planetary transmission housed within the hub of the driving wheel of an utility tricycle, and an vehicle frame which provides two options for delivering power to the transmission. In the first option the drive shaft, which extends out through bearings on the center line of the driving wheel, has a crank arm fixed on each end. A spindle is fixed in the end of each crank arm and a pedal beam is rotatably mounted near its center on each spindle. A cam roller mounted on each pedal beam near its aft end engages a short length of steel track fastened on the sides of a trunk bolted on the at end off the tricycle frame. The cam roller provides a downward force to counter balance the weight of the rider on the cantilevered forward end off the pedal beam increasing the force on the spindle and thus amplifying the torque delivered to the drive shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2010
    Inventor: Dirck T. Hartmann
  • Patent number: 7802804
    Abstract: The wobble bearing axle assembly is used for engaging the upper body of a person for use in human powered vehicles and exercise equipment. The wobble bearing assembly converts linear input force derived by the operator into rotational force, which is directed toward the forward propulsion of a wheel. The wobble bearing axle assembly comprises a wobble bearing, a wobble axle, at least two engagement members a first arm and a second arm. The wobble bearing is disposed upon the oblique retainer of the wobble axle. The oblique retainer of the wobble axle is angled offset from the axis of the wobble axle Y. The engaging members are rotatably affixed with the first and second arms through pins which is longitudinally disposed through complementary orifices through the first and second arms and the engaging members respectively. In some preferred embodiments additional bearings are engaged with the pedals powered by the legs of the operator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2010
    Inventor: John Lawson
  • Patent number: 7753387
    Abstract: A bicycle stepping apparatus to increase the moment of force and save manual stepping labor has a stepping means located between a sprocket and a crank of a bicycle. The stepping means has a socket wrench which has a hub on one end with ratchet teeth formed thereon to house a flywheel. The flywheel has a gear engageable with the hub. The axis of the flywheel is coupled on the axle of the sprocket and fastened by a nut. The socket wrench has another end opposite to the hub that has an elongate sliding track formed on the bottom side to slidable hold a pair of first bearings of an auxiliary bar. The auxiliary bar has a steel ring on the bottom end with a pair of second bearings coupled on two sides to allow a shaft of a pedal to run through. The socket wrench can increase the moment of force to save manual stepping labor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2010
    Assignee: Ho Luen Corp.
    Inventor: Yi Pin Wei
  • Patent number: 7717448
    Abstract: The invention is an improved lever drive arrangement for human powered machines. Independent levers are connected directly to a primary drive arrangement positioned behind the rider comprised of one-way clutch/s connected to a common shaft connected to a sprocket that drives by chain a series of two reductions called a secondary drive arrangement and a tertiary drive arrangement prior to engaging the final drive element. The positioning of the primary drive arrangement behind the rider better enables upright riding by a person and better enables increases in lever length thereby increasing mechanical advantage is possible for producing greater torque to drive larger or multiple reductions. The independent lever arrangement allows a rider to deviate from the traditional opposing circular or up and down cadence of the rider's limbs making possible a variety of limb pumping movements by one or more limbs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2010
    Inventors: Brian Roger Clemons, Michael Christopher Dean
  • Patent number: 7669869
    Abstract: A drive apparatus for converting a substantially linear driving force to a rotary propulsive force, the apparatus including a pedal assembly for accepting a substantially linear drive force and fixed structure assembly for converting the substantially linear drive force to a rotary propulsive force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2010
    Inventor: Ohannes Meguerditchian