Input Circuit For Electrical Output From Piezoelectric Element Patents (Class 310/318)
  • Patent number: 10856399
    Abstract: A device for generating an atmospheric-pressure plasma is disclosed. In an embodiment the device includes a piezoelectric transformer comprising an input region and an output region, wherein the input region is designed to convert an applied alternating voltage into a mechanical oscillation, wherein the output region is designed to convert a mechanical oscillation into a voltage, and wherein the output region adjoins the input region in a longitudinal direction, a contact element fastened to the piezoelectric transformer, the contact element being designed to apply the alternating voltage to the input region and a holder, wherein the contact element is connected to the holder by a form-fit connection, in such a manner that a movement of the piezoelectric transformer in the longitudinal direction, relative to the holder, is prevented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: EPCOS AG
    Inventors: Pavol Kudela, Franz Rinner, Markus Puff
  • Patent number: 10855247
    Abstract: An elliptical-shaped resonator device. The device includes a bottom metal plate, a piezoelectric layer overlying the bottom metal plate, and a top metal plate overlying the piezoelectric layer. The top metal plate, the piezoelectric layer, and the bottom metal plate are characterized by an elliptical shape having a horizontal diameter (dx) and a vertical diameter (dy), which can be represented as ellipse ratio R=dx/dy. Using the elliptical structure, the resulting bulk acoustic wave resonator (BAWR) can exhibit equivalent or improved insertion loss, higher coupling coefficient, and higher quality factor compared to conventional polygon-shaped resonators.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: AKOUSTIS, INC.
    Inventors: Dae Ho Kim, Pinal Patel, Rohan W. Houlden, James Blanton Shealy, Jeffrey B. Shealy
  • Patent number: 10720912
    Abstract: A suppressing circuit is provided with a diode of which an anode is connected to a first neutral point between a drive circuit and a control electrode of a semiconductor switch; a capacitor disposed between a cathode of the diode and a reference potential; a constant voltage circuit connected to a second neutral point between the diode and the capacitor; an adjusting resistor disposed between the constant voltage circuit and the second neutral point; and a cutoff switch disposed between a constant voltage circuit side of the adjusting resistor and the reference potential.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2020
    Inventor: Yoshinori Hayashi
  • Patent number: 10693305
    Abstract: A capacitive load charging/discharging device, including a first capacitor, a down-up converter including a first and a second switching element connected across the first capacitor, wherein a connecting point of the switching elements is connected to a first output terminal of the converter through a main coil. The device further includes an output circuit with a capacitive load arranged between first and second output circuit terminals, which are connected to output terminals of the converter. A discharge circuit is formed with the output circuit, the main coil and the second switching element, including an additional capacitor which is connected to a charging circuit for charging to a specified voltage, wherein the polarity of the voltage corresponds to that of the load voltage in the charged state of the capacitive load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: Vitesco Technologies GmbH
    Inventors: Andreas Baier, Philipp Schiller, Walter Schrod
  • Patent number: 10558275
    Abstract: A writing device to write on a media, which includes a passive electronic paper display and a storage medium. The writing device comprises a first component to at least read the storage medium and a second component to at least write to the electronic paper display during relative movement between the second component and the media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Napoleon J Leoni, Omer Gila, Henryk Birecki
  • Patent number: 10516795
    Abstract: A first rectification circuit is connected to an output side of a first piezoelectric transformer and outputs a voltage of a first polarity. A second rectification circuit is connected to an output side of the second piezoelectric transformer and outputs a voltage of a second polarity. A frequency adjustment unit is connected between the second rectification circuit and an output of the second piezoelectric transformer, and adjusts a relationship between an output voltage and a drive frequency of the second piezoelectric transformer. A driving circuit supplies a drive signal to both the first piezoelectric transformer and the second piezoelectric transformer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2019
    Inventor: Atsuhiko Yamaguchi
  • Patent number: 10495946
    Abstract: An illumination device generally has at least one light source and an attachment assembly that connects the light source to a computing device. The light source may be one or more LEDs or a light panel using electroluminescent lighting. The illumination device includes a power source coupled to the light source and a light control mechanism to change at least one of an operative state or an intensity of the light source. The illumination device may also be integrally connected to the computing device. A light cover is implemented to cover the light source and diffuse light emanating therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: Case-Mate, Inc.
    Inventors: Allan Shoemake, William Winter, Juan Fernandez, Paul McGrath, Juan David Londoño Restrepo, Robert Pedersen
  • Patent number: 10473624
    Abstract: A system includes at least one circumferentially-polarized d15 shear ring transducer and a controller electrically coupled to the at least one circumferentially-polarized d15 shear ring transducer. The at least one circumferentially-polarized d15 shear ring transducer is configured to be disposed on a structure and to detect at least one shear horizontal-type acoustic emission from damage to the structure. The controller includes a machine-readable storage medium and a processor in signal communication with the machine-readable storage medium. The processor is configured to store acoustic emission signal data in the machine-readable storage medium when a signal amplitude detected by the at least one circumferentially-polarized d15 shear ring transducer crosses a first threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Assignee: FBS, Inc.
    Inventors: Jason Philtron, Cody Borigo, Steven E. Owens, Russell Love
  • Patent number: 10463280
    Abstract: Provided is an examination system including a mobile apparatus and an examination apparatus. The mobile apparatus includes: a biological object information storing unit configured to store biological object information; a reading unit configured to read biological object information; a comparing unit configured to compare the biological object information; and an outputting unit configured to output a result of comparison, and the examination apparatus includes: an examination information acquiring unit configured to acquire examination information; and a controlling unit configured to control the operation of the examination apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Inventor: Naoto Abe
  • Patent number: 10469091
    Abstract: This disclosure describes controlling a variable delay system with a control signal generated in a phase-locked loop (PLL). Furthermore, aspects describe generating a compensation current based on a number of edges of pulses propagating through a variable delay line including multiple delay elements. The number of edges propagating through the variable delay is determined by computing a difference between a number of edges entering the variable delay line and a number of edges exiting the variable delay line. The compensation current is derived from a mirrored version of the current of the control signal of the PLL. Thus, the techniques and systems in this disclosure provide accurate and repeatable control of a variable delay line over variations in temperature and process using low-power circuits. Furthermore, the input signal to the variable delay line may be asynchronous with respect to a system clock or a reference signal of the PLL.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventor: Masoud Roham
  • Patent number: 10387706
    Abstract: The present disclosure discloses an ultrasonic transducer and a manufacturing method. The ultrasonic transducer for an ultrasonic fingerprint sensor comprises a piezoelectric layer, receiving electrode lines, emitting electrode lines, a substrate, connecting electrodes and bonding wires. Wherein the piezoelectric layer comprises an array of piezoelectric pillars. The plurality of receiving electrode lines are formed on the piezoelectric layer. The plurality of emitting electrode lines being formed beneath the piezoelectric layer. The substrate is formed under the emitting electrode lines. The connecting electrodes are formed under the substrate. The bonding wires are configured to connect the receiving electrode lines with the connecting electrodes and to connect the emitting electrode lines with the connecting electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Inventor: Anpeng Bai
  • Patent number: 10340664
    Abstract: A corona ignition device is described, with a central electrode, an insulator, in which the central electrode sits, a coil, which is connected to the central electrode, a metal housing, which holds the insulator and surrounds the coil, and a cover, which closes the metal housing at its end facing away from the insulator. According to this disclosure, provision is made for a spring arranged between the cover and the coil. In another aspect, a shield is provided that surrounds the housing and comprises several shell elements which each surround a section of the circumference of the coil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: BorgWarner Ludwigsburg GmbH
    Inventors: Christian Pottiez, Simon Frank, Markus Müller
  • Patent number: 10218155
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to a corona ignition device having a coil, which has an elongate coil body and a coil winding wound onto the coil body, an ignition electrode connected to the coil, and an insulator, inside which the ignition electrode is situated. According to the present disclosure, the coil body has a hollow section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Inventors: Christian Pottiez, Johannes Hasenkamp
  • Patent number: 10199867
    Abstract: A power conversion device includes a step-down-type transformer and a bridge circuit that rectifies output voltage of the transformer and supplies the rectified output voltage to a load. The bridge circuit is connected to a secondary winding of the transformer and includes MOS-FETs connected in series and diodes connected in series. A gate of the MOS-FET is connected to one end of a primary winding of the transformer with a capacitor interposed therebetween and a gate of the MOS-FET is connected to the other end of the primary winding of the transformer with a capacitor interposed therebetween. With this, a power conversion device and a wireless power transmission system that can achieve space saving and reduce loss in a rectifying element are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Keiichi Ichikawa, Shinji Goma, Henri Bondar
  • Patent number: 10184845
    Abstract: Methods, apparatus, and systems to improve thermal sensitivity of resonant circuits. One aspect utilizes tracking near-resonance complex impedance for a quartz resonator based calorimeter sensor to derive ultra-sensitive temperature measurement from the sensor. Another aspect includes a quartz resonant or -based calorimetric sensor placed close to but not touching the analyte being measured to eliminate mass loading effect on the temperature measurement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignee: The Penn State Research Foundation
    Inventors: Srinivas A. Tadigadapa, Marcelo B. Pisani
  • Patent number: 10164165
    Abstract: What is specified is a piezoelectric transformer (10) having a surface structure which has at least one protruding surface structure segment (5), wherein the piezoelectric transformer has a contour (3) and is suitable for discharging a gas in conjunction with a counter electrode (10) for generating a plasma, wherein the surface structure is configured such that the gas discharge takes place at a multiplicity of discharge initiation points (6) on the contour (3). A width of the surface structure segment (5) is smaller than the width of the piezoelectric transformer (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2018
    Assignee: EPCOS AG
    Inventors: Peter Kraxner, Markus Puff
  • Patent number: 10153699
    Abstract: A control method for a power transmitter, a power transmitter and a noncontact power transfer apparatus are disclosed. An inverter in the power transmitter is controlled to be intermittently input a voltage in the standby mode, and the input voltage of the inverter is controlled to show a gradually increasing or gradually decreasing trend when there is a voltage value input in the standby state. According to the control method for the power transmitter, the power transmitter and the noncontact power transfer apparatus of the present disclosure, it can achieve smooth transition from the standby state to the normal state, and the standby efficiency and the normal operation efficiency can both be improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Inventors: Feng Yu, Weiyi Feng
  • Patent number: 10132846
    Abstract: Current transducers are widely used in current measuring systems. They provide good isolation between the supply voltage and the measurement equipment. However they can introduce small phase errors which can become significant sources of error if the current to a load is out of phase with the supply voltage for the load. This disclosure discusses a robust measurement apparatus and method that can be used in situ to monitor for and correct phase errors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: Analog Devices Global
    Inventors: Jonathan Ephraim David Hurwitz, Seyed Amir Ali Danesh, William Michael James Holland, Shaoli Ye
  • Patent number: 10128906
    Abstract: A main power line (+ and ? lines) is coupled to a power supply, for example a car battery, grounded to a vehicle chassis. Positive and negative main power lines are coupled to a power line gateway module, and spliced to carry power for a segment, until receiving, by splices, RF power line communcations. The main power lines, now carrying power and RF power line communications are then coupled to remote modules. RF power line communication carries signal from the power line gateway module to a impedance matching network or a transformer are used to match impedances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Esker Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Brian S. Olmstead
  • Patent number: 10067196
    Abstract: A voltage measuring apparatus is configured to measure voltages of respective battery cells of a battery cell array including a plurality of battery cell groups each including a predetermined number of battery cells connected in series. The voltage measuring apparatus includes a plurality of measuring units each provided for each of the battery cell groups. The adjacent measuring units are connected through a communication channel so as to perform current communication therebetween. A bidirectional diode circuit element is connected to the communication channel extending between the adjacent measuring units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2018
    Assignee: Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Akira Kawabe, Gorou Mori
  • Patent number: 10020735
    Abstract: In one form, a multi-mode converter includes first, second, third, and fourth transistors having respective control terminals and arranged in a four-switch buck-boost (FSBB) configuration for coupling to an inductor. The multi-mode converter also includes a first driver having an input for receiving a first switching signal and an output, a first charge pump having an output, a second driver having an input for receiving a second switching signal and an output, a second charge pump having an output, and a control circuit. The control circuit alternatively couples an output of the first driver or an output of the first charge pump to the control terminal of the first transistor, and the output of the second driver or the output of the second charge pump to the control terminal of the fourth transistor in response to a mode of operation of the multi-mode power converter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Inventors: Berengere Le Men, Stephane Ramond
  • Patent number: 9991879
    Abstract: A ring oscillator includes a plurality of inverters. A closed loop structure is formed by cascading the inverters. The inverter includes at least one sensitive inverter with a diode-connected transistor. A variation in an MOSFET (Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor) threshold voltage of the ring oscillator is detected by analyzing the oscillation frequency of the ring oscillator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: MEDIATEK INC.
    Inventor: Bo-Jr Huang
  • Patent number: 9961735
    Abstract: An LED constant-voltage dimming power supply being electrically connected to a dimmer and configured for changing duty ratio of output voltage thereof according to a controlling signal from the dimmer, includes a constant-voltage source, a damping discharge circuit module, a phase detecting circuit module, a duty ratio controlling module, and a switcher. The damping discharge circuit module is electrically connected to an input end of the constant-voltage source. The phase detecting circuit module is electrically connected to an output end of the constant-voltage source. The duty ratio controlling module is coupled to the phase detecting circuit. The switcher is electrically connected to the duty ratio controlling module. The LED constant-voltage dimming power supply adjusts the luminance of the LED lamp and has high universality. Moreover, each of lots of LED lamps has high consistency during adjusting its luminance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: Self Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Xuhong Ma
  • Patent number: 9907496
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a biological probe structure, as well as apparatuses, systems, and methods employing this structure. In particular embodiments, the structure includes a hermetically sealed unit configured to receive and transmit one or more optical signals. Furthermore, the structure can be implanted subcutaneously and interrogated externally. In this manner, a minimally invasive method can be employed to detect, treat, and/or assess the biological target. Additional methods and systems are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: National Technology & Engineering Solutions of Sandia, LLC
    Inventors: Murat Okandan, Gregory N. Nielson
  • Patent number: 9878903
    Abstract: Methods of forming micro-electromechanical device include a semiconductor substrate, in which a first microstructure and a second microstructure of reference are integrated. The first microstructure and the second microstructure are arranged in the substrate so as to undergo equal strains as a result of thermal expansions of the substrate. Furthermore, the first microstructure is provided with movable parts and fixed parts with respect to the substrate, while the second microstructure has a shape that is substantially symmetrical to the first microstructure but is fixed with respect to the substrate. By subtracting the changes in electrical characteristics of the second microstructure from those of the first, variations in electrical characteristics of the first microstructure caused by changes in thermal expansion or contraction can be compensated for.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Inventors: Ernesto Lasalandra, Angelo Merassi, Sarah Zerbini
  • Patent number: 9793874
    Abstract: An apparatus comprises a substrate, a dielectric disposed on the semiconductor substrate, an acoustic resonator disposed on the dielectric, and an electrical interconnect disposed in the dielectric and configured to transmit an electrical signal to or from at least one electrode of the acoustic resonator through a signal path disposed at least partially below a level of the acoustic resonator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2017
    Inventor: Martha K. Small
  • Patent number: 9787340
    Abstract: A zero power radio frequency (RF) activated wake up device is provided. The device is based on a high-Q MEMS demodulator that filters an amplitude-modulated RF tone of interest from the entire spectrum while producing a much higher voltage signal suitable to trigger a high-Q MEMS resonant switch tuned to the modulation frequency of the RF tone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignees: Northeastern University, The Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc.
    Inventors: Matteo Rinaldi, Nicol McGruer, Amy Duwel, Marc S. Weinberg, Robert Egri, Cristian Cassella
  • Patent number: 9725306
    Abstract: Disclosed is a MEMS device having lower and upper chambers with a similar pressure and/or a similar gaseous chemistry. The MEMS device includes a top MEMS plate and a bottom MEMS plate. The MEMS device also includes a lower chamber between the bottom MEMS plate and the top MEMS plate, and an upper chamber between the top MEMS plate and a sealing layer. The top MEMS plate includes at least one segment that is narrower than the bottom MEMS plate, thereby causing the lower and upper chambers to have a similar pressure and/or a similar gaseous chemistry. In another implementation, the top MEMS plate has at least one through-hole, thereby causing the lower and upper chambers to have a similar pressure and/or a similar gaseous chemistry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: Newport Fab, LLC
    Inventors: Michael J. DeBar, David J. Howard
  • Patent number: 9634232
    Abstract: The piezoelectric signal generator (10;30) includes at least one piezoelectric element (12;20) connected with an emitter (14;35) which is capable of generating, from a current (C) produced by actuation of the piezoelectric element, an electromagnetic signal (S) capable of being wirelessly received by a receiver (16;36) removed from the signal generator (10;30), the piezoelectric element (20;31) comprises a piezoceramic layer (241) attached to an electrically conducting carrier stratum (242); the piezoceramic layer adheres to the carrier stratum and both are held by a positioning layer (23) which has a thickness (TP), and both are capable of a reversible deformation, predetermined by and limited to the thickness (TP) of the positioning layer (23); further, the piezoelectric element (20;31) comprises a gap layer (26) for buffering the reversible deformation of the carrier stratum (242) with the adhering piezoceramic layer (241); the gap (29) has a thickness (TG) such that TG?TP.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: Algra Holding AG
    Inventors: Dieter Matter, Louis Marcel Meli, Venkatesh Sivasubramaniam, Thomas Gartmann, Markus Hutzler, Abhilash Kizhakenath
  • Patent number: 9608548
    Abstract: A power generating device includes: a piezoelectric member that is formed from a piezoelectric material; one pair of electrodes that are installed to the piezoelectric member; a transformation unit that repeatedly transforms the piezoelectric member; an inductor that is installed between the one pair of electrodes and configures a resonance circuit together with a capacitive component of the piezoelectric member; a switch that is connected to the inductor in series; and a switch control unit that connects the switch when a transformation direction of the piezoelectric member is switched, and cuts off the switch when a time corresponding to a half period of a resonance period of the resonance circuit elapses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2017
    Inventors: Kunio Tabata, Hiroyuki Yoshino, Noritaka Ide, Atsushi Oshima
  • Patent number: 9494472
    Abstract: The invention is a device for measuring the temperature of the vibrating beam of a vibrating-beam sensor. It comprises a resonator (10) vibrating in torsion in resonant mode and exhibiting a torsional vibration node (N), said node being its zone of fixing in the vicinity of the middle of the length (L3) of the vibrating beam, said fixing allowing thermal transfers between the resonator and the beam. The frequency of the resonator and the variations of this frequency are representative respectively of the mean temperature T of the beam and of the variations of this temperature T, the effects of which may be compensated by a model.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Inventors: Oliver Le Traon, Claude Chartier, Vincent Gaudineau, Jean Guerard, Denis Janiaud, Raphaël Levy
  • Patent number: 9490773
    Abstract: A tuning fork-type vibrator element as a vibrating element includes a drive vibrating arm that performs a flexural vibration, and a drive electrode (a first drive electrode and a second drive electrode) provided on the drive vibrating arm. When a direction in which the drive vibrating arm extends is a Y-axis, a direction in which the drive vibrating arm performs a primary vibration is an X-axis, and a direction orthogonal to the Y-axis and the X-axis is a Z-axis, the drive vibrating arm performs the flexural vibration with a displacement ratio of greater than 0% and 20% or less where the displacement ratio is obtained by dividing a displacement amount in the Z-axis direction by a displacement amount in the X-axis direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventor: Keiji Nakagawa
  • Patent number: 9466781
    Abstract: A piezoelectronic transistor device includes a first piezoelectric (PE) layer, a second PE layer, and a piezoresistive (PR) layer arranged in a stacked configuration, wherein an electrical resistance of the PR layer is dependent upon an applied voltage across the first and second PE layers by an applied pressure to the PR layer by the first and second PE layers. A piezoelectronic logic device includes a first and second piezoelectric transistor (PET), wherein the first and second PE layers of the first PET have a smaller cross sectional area than those of the second PET, such that a voltage drop across the PE layers of the first PET creates a first pressure in the PR layer of the first PET that is smaller than a second pressure in the PR layer of the second PET created by the same voltage drop across the PE layers of the second PET.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Inventors: Bruce G. Elmegreen, Glenn J. Martyna, Dennis M. Newns
  • Patent number: 9455649
    Abstract: An apparatus for energy conversion, comprising a piezoelectric component comprising a first part configured to convert vibrational energy into electrical energy; and an output for sending a first portion of the generated electrical energy to an electronic device, and a feedback loop for feeding a second portion of the generated electrical energy to a second part of the piezoelectric component, wherein the second part of the piezoelectric component is coupled to the first part of the piezoelectric component and is configured to convert electrical energy into vibrational energy thereby causing the first part of the piezoelectric component to vibrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Inventors: Mahmoud F. Al Ahmad, Irfan Saadat
  • Patent number: 9423430
    Abstract: The current sensing circuit includes a first input terminal and a second input terminal for introducing a subject current that flows in a current path; a shunt resistor coupled in the current path for converting the subject current into an output voltage difference across the shunt resistor; an amplifier having a first input node coupled to the first input terminal, a second input node coupled to the second input terminal, an output node, and a feedback path including an over-current protection device, wherein the feedback path is coupled between the output node and the first input terminal; and an output terminal coupled to the second input terminal and the shunt resistor to output the output voltage difference. The current sensing circuit has a relatively large current measuring range and a small burden voltage. A measurement device is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2016
    Inventors: Hong Yao, Fei Yang, Yong Yang
  • Patent number: 9395801
    Abstract: A finger detection device and method of a fingerprint recognition IC is disclosed. The device comprises sensing electrodes, a capacitive sensing layer, a signal processing circuit, a multiplexer module and a signal register. The sensing electrodes are defined as a fingerprint sensing zone. The capacitive sensing layer covers the sensing electrodes. The signal processing circuit is arranged below and electrically connected with the sensing electrodes. The multiplexer module defines a finger detection zone. The finger detection zone includes at least one of the sensing electrodes. The signal register is electrically connected with the signal processing circuit, receiving a detection signal generated by the finger detection zone and comparing the detection signal with a preset value. The finger detection device uses only a portion of the sensing electrodes to detect a finger approaching/contacting it to determine triggering or sleeping of the fingerprint recognition IC and thus reduces power consumption.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Inventor: Ting-Sing Wang
  • Patent number: 9356468
    Abstract: A standby power shutoff device is provided that includes a switch generating power when turning on and generating an “on” signal using the power, a switching unit generating an “on/off” signal for a product, a power supply unit providing power for function units of the product by receiving an external input power, a power switching unit driven in response to a driving signal to cut off or connect a power supply path for the input power provided to the power supply unit, a control unit generating a control signal for powering off the product in response to an “off” signal from the switching unit, and a driving unit receiving power from the “on” signal from the switching unit, driving the power switching unit to connect the power supply path, and driving the power switching unit to cut off the power supply path in response to a “power off” control signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Inventor: Chang-Ho Kim
  • Patent number: 9349035
    Abstract: A mobile device configured to authenticate a user, an authentication system, and method for use of the mobile device and authentication system are described that include a biometric sensor, a touchscreen sensor, and/or a fingerprint sensor, where the biometric sensor, the touchscreen sensor, and/or the fingerprint sensor are coupled to a controller configured to authenticate a computing device user. In implementations, the mobile device that employs example techniques in accordance with the present disclosure includes an authentication device, including a biometric sensor configured to receive biometric information from the user; and a fingerprint sensor configured to receive fingerprint information from the user; and a controller configured to authenticate the user, where the authentication device, including the biometric sensor and the fingerprint sensor, is coupled to the controller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2016
    Assignee: Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen C. Gerber, Ronald B. Koo
  • Patent number: 9344014
    Abstract: Piezoelectric harvesting devices are disclosed herein. An embodiment of a harvesting device includes a cantilever having a resonant frequency associated therewith, wherein the cantilever vibrates when in the presence of a vibration source, and wherein the harvesting device generates a current upon vibration of the cantilever. The generated current is present at an output. A bias flip circuit is used to tune the resonant frequency of the harvesting device based on measurements of the vibration source that causes the cantilever to vibrate, wherein the bias flip circuit includes a switch that connects and disconnects an inductor to the output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Inventors: Dennis Darcy Buss, Yogesh Kumar Ramadass
  • Patent number: 9197294
    Abstract: A mixing inlay (102) is provided which includes a first radiating element (110a), a second radiating element (110b), and a non-linear mixing component (112) connected between adjacent end portions (114a, 114b) of the first and second radiating elements. The mixing inlay is configured to receive a first exciter signal having a first frequency and a second exciter signal having a second frequency, and in response, to radiate a mixing product signal produced by the mixing inlay from the first and second exciter signals. A conductive parasitic element (116) is disposed within a near field of the re-radiating transponder. A distance provided between the conductive parasitic element and the radiating elements is varied over the length of the conductive parasitic element to enhance a sideband signal generated by the mixing inlay.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: Tyco Fire & Security GmbH
    Inventors: Jorge F. Alicot, Richard L. Copeland
  • Patent number: 9195718
    Abstract: The systems and methods described herein generally relate to increasing user productivity in reviewing query results by visually depicting the presence/absence of a set of query terms in a set of paragraphs across a set of documents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: LexisNexis, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc.
    Inventors: Richard D. Miller, Christopher Scott Basham, Jacob Aaron Myers, Sanjay Sharma
  • Patent number: 9093947
    Abstract: A zero-voltage-switching (ZVS) piezoelectric driving circuit, suitable for use in a switching type power converter. It receives an input DC voltage from a half-bridge driving circuit, and through switching of an high-side switch set and a low-side switch set of the half-bridge driving circuit, converts it to an AC voltage and provides it to a piezoelectric element to drive a load. Wherein, a shunt circuit is connected electrically between the half-bridge driving circuit and the piezoelectric element for zero-voltage-switching (ZVS). Namely, when the high-side switch set and the low-side switch set are both switched off, the shunt circuit resonates with its parasitic capacitance, so that the high-side switch set and the low-side switch set perform ZVS, thus realizing ZVS in a wide range of frequency and a large range of load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Inventors: Tao-Chin Wei, Yuan-Ping Liu
  • Patent number: 9041478
    Abstract: An electronic oscillator circuit has a first oscillator, for supplying a first oscillation signal, a second oscillator, for supplying a second oscillation signal, a first controller for delivering the first control signal as a function of a phase difference between a first controller input and a second controller input of the first controller; a second controller for delivering the second control signal as a function of a phase difference between a first controller input of the second controller and a second controller input of the second controller; a resonator; at least a second resonance frequency, with a first phase shift dependent on the difference between the frequency of a second exciting signal and the second resonance frequency and processing means, for receiving the first oscillator signal and the second oscillator signal, determining their mutual proportion, looking up a frequency compensation factor in a prestored table and outputting a compensated oscillation signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: ANHARMONIC B.V.
    Inventor: Antonius Johannes Maria Montagne
  • Patent number: 9024477
    Abstract: A high voltage power source device includes piezoelectric transformers, each of the piezoelectric transformers being formed with a primary electrode and a secondary electrode on piezoelectric ceramics, receiving a primary voltage at the primary electrode, and generating a second voltage from the secondary electrode, switching elements, each of the switching elements driving a respective one of the piezoelectric transformers, and primary voltage supply devices, each of the primary voltage supply devices supplying the primary voltage to the primary electrode of the respective one of the piezoelectric transformers by driving the respective one of the switching elements when the secondary voltage is generated from the respective one of the second electrodes, wherein the respective one of the primary voltage supply devices supplies the primary voltage to the respective one of the primary electrodes by driving the respective one of the switching elements at the same frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Oki Data Corporation
    Inventor: Ryo Takatsuka
  • Publication number: 20150115772
    Abstract: A resonator element includes a vibrating portion that vibrates in a thickness shear vibration and includes a first main surface and a second main surface which are in a front and back relationship to each other, a first excitation electrode that is provided on the first main surface, and a second excitation electrode that is provided on the second main surface, and an energy trapping coefficient M satisfies a relationship of 33.6?M?65.1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Osamu ISHII, Yusuke SUGIMOTO
  • Patent number: 9006956
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and devices for providing cooling for a mobile device using piezoelectric active cooling devices. Some embodiments utilize piezoelectric actuators that oscillate a planar element within an air channel to fan air within or at an outlet of the air channel. The air channel may be defined by at least one heat dissipation surface in thermal contact with components of the mobile device that generate excess waste heat. For example, the air channel may include a surface that is in thermal contact with a processor of the mobile computing device. In embodiments, the piezoelectric active cooling device may be used in an air gap between stacked packages in a package on package (PoP) processor package. The described embodiments provide active cooling using low power, can be controlled to provide variable cooling, use highly reliable elements, and can be implemented at low cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: Qing Li, Jon J. Anderson
  • Publication number: 20150048718
    Abstract: A capacitive actuator is connected to an output of an apparatus which is formed with a capacitor connected between an input and a reference potential, with a full bridge with four power switching elements connected in parallel with the capacitor. To charge the capacitive actuator, a control circuit first turns on the first and third power switching elements. Current then flows from the first capacitor via a coil connected between the bridge paths and energy is stored in the coil. When a maximum current value is reached, the first and third power switching elements are switched off and magnetic energy stored in the coil decays due to current flow via the diodes of the second and fourth power switching elements. This charges the capacitive actuator. The capacitive actuator is charged to a predefined voltage by possible repeated switching of the first and third power switching elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Applicant: Continental Automotive GMBH
    Inventors: Dirk Etzler, Walter Schrod
  • Patent number: 8957566
    Abstract: A power generation unit includes a first piezoelectric device having a pair of electrodes, a second piezoelectric device stacked on the first piezoelectric device, a switch electrically connected between the pair of electrodes, a current detection section adapted to detect a current generated in the second piezoelectric device, and a control section adapted to control the switch, and the control section electrically connects the switch for a predetermined period in at least either one of a case in which the current detected by the current detection section reaches a level one of equal to and higher than a first reference value or a case in which the current reaches a level one of equal to and lower than a second reference value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Kunio Tabata, Atsushi Oshima, Hiroyuki Yoshino, Noritaka Ide, Yasuhiro Ono, Atsuya Hirabayashi
  • Patent number: 8946973
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for changing the operational state of an apparatus, in particular from a stand-by or power down mode into an active state, which, in order to reduce power consumption during a stand-by mode and, furthermore, in order to reduce accidental powering up of the apparatus, comprises at least one means for transforming a mechanical excitation, in particular applied to the surface of the apparatus, into an electric signal and a power providing means for supplying at least a part of, in particular all, the electric power necessary to enable a change of the operational state of the apparatus wherein the electric power is obtained out of the electric signal. The invention, furthermore, relates to any apparatus comprising this device for changing operational state and a corresponding method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Elo Touch Solutions, Inc.
    Inventor: Sebastien Pelletier
  • Patent number: 8928206
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for obtaining electrical energy from the kinetic energy waves. According to said method, a device is provided in the water, comprising an electroactive polymer that can expand with the action of the waves. When the electroactive polymer expands, an electrical charge is applied at a specific time for a specific time interval. Said electrical charge is removed during the relaxation of the polymer, except for a residual charge. According to said method, the variables of the electrical target charge required for the operation of the method, and the time intervals for the beginning and end of the charging and discharging of the electroactive polymer are determined. The invention also relates to a system for obtaining electrical energy and to a computer program product comprising commands that can be implemented by a microprocessor for carrying out the calculations in the method according to the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Bayer MaterialScience AG
    Inventors: Dirk Schapeler, Christian Graf, Jürgen Maas