Non-dynamoelectric Patents (Class 310/300)
  • Patent number: 10848079
    Abstract: Systems, apparatuses and methods for harvesting ambient energy involve an electrically conductive charge-carrying movable electrode. An apparatus includes an electrically conductive charge-carrying electrode, a first dielectric interface region, a second dielectric interface region, and at least one reference electrode. The first and second dielectric interface regions differ in surface charge density. In certain aspects, the movable electrode moves proximate and relative to the first and second dielectric interface regions in response to receipt of ambient energy, thereby providing first and second capacitances. The first capacitance differs from the second capacitance, and/or the first surface charge density differs from the second surface charge density. Movement of the movable electrode in combination with the differing capacitances and/or charge densities results in energy accumulation, thereby enabling ambient energy to be harvested efficiently and effectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2020
    Assignee: UNIVERSITY OF HAWAII
    Inventors: Tianwei Ma, Jian Yu, Enze Ma
  • Patent number: 10770990
    Abstract: A triboelectric generator includes a first electrode and a second electrode spaced apart from each other, a first charging part on the first electrode, a second charging part on the second electrode, and a grounding unit. The first charging part and the second charging part may be configured to contact each other through a sliding motion. The grounding unit may be configured to intermittently connect a charge reservoir to the second charging part. The grounding unit may be configured to vary the electric potential of the second charging part so as to amplify current flowing between electrodes of the triboelectric generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2020
    Assignees: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., UNIST (Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology)
    Inventors: Kyungeun Byun, Jaeyoung Kim, Minsu Seol, Hyeonjin Shin, Jeongmin Baik, Woojung Yang, Byeonguk Ye, Jaewon Lee, Jinpyo Lee, Kyeongnam Kim
  • Patent number: 10770637
    Abstract: An energy harvest is disclosed. The disclosed energy harvest includes: a first charging member including a plurality of first protruding parts; and a second charging member including a plurality of second protruding parts arranged between the first protruding parts and including a material different from that of the first protruding parts. When at least one of the first and second charging members moves, side surfaces of the first protruding parts and side surfaces of the second protruding parts come into contact with each other, or gaps between the side surfaces of the first protruding parts and the side surfaces of the second protruding parts are changed. The energy harvest generates electrical energy from the contact or the gap change.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2020
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Young-jun Park, Jin-hyoung Park, Yun-kwon Park, Ho-seong Seo, Sang-wook Kwon
  • Patent number: 10752497
    Abstract: The present disclosure, in some embodiments, relates to an integrated chip structure. The integrated chip structure has a plurality of interconnect layers disposed within a dielectric structure over a substrate. A passivation layer is over the dielectric structure. A sensing electrode and a bonding electrode have bottom surfaces directly contacting the passivation layer. A microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) substrate is vertically separated from the sensing electrode. The bonding electrode is electrically connected to the MEMs substrate and to one or more of the plurality of interconnect layers. An electrode extension via is configured to electrically connect the sensing electrode to one or more of the plurality of interconnect layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yu-Chia Liu, Chia-Hua Chu, Chun-Wen Cheng, Jung-Huei Peng
  • Patent number: 10746612
    Abstract: A printed stretchable strain sensor is provided. The printed stretchable strain sensor has a stretchable substrate and a composite ink coupled to a surface of the stretchable substrate to form a strain-sensitive conductive structure. The composite ink includes both a nanowire and a metal flake. The capability of the fabricated strain sensor, printed in two design configurations: straight line and wavy line, was investigated by studying its electro-mechanical response towards varying elongations of 1 mm, 2 mm, and 3 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of Western Michigan University
    Inventors: Massood Atashbar, Mohammed Mudher Mohammed Ali, Binu Baby Narakathu, Ali Eshkeiti
  • Patent number: 10734922
    Abstract: A power generating element 1 according to an embodiment includes a displacement member 10, a displacement member 20, and a fixed member 30. The displacement member 10 and the displacement member 20 are connected via an elastic deformation body 41. The displacement member 10 is connected to an attachment section 51 via an elastic deformation body 42. The displacement member 10 and/or the displacement member 20 includes a first power generation surface. The fixed member 30 includes a second power generation surface opposed to the first power generation surface. An electret material layer is provided on one surface of the first power generation surface and the second power generation surface. A counter electrode layer is provided on the other surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: TRI-FORCE MANAGEMENT CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Okada, Miho Okada
  • Patent number: 10720655
    Abstract: A system includes a fuel cell stack having a plurality of fuel cells and designed to receive a fluid and to heat the fluid. The system also includes an actuator to increase or decrease a fluid temperature of the fluid and an ECU. The ECU can determine a temperature control signal corresponding to a desired temperature of the fluid and perform a feedforward control of the actuator to increase or decrease the fluid temperature towards the desired temperature. The ECU can also determine a temperature difference between the fluid temperature and the desired temperature, and can determine a sensitivity that corresponds a change in a parameter value or the actuator position to a change in the fluid temperature. The ECU can also apply the sensitivity to the temperature difference to determine an error signal, and control the actuator based on the error signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2020
    Assignee: TOYOTA MOTOR ENGINEERING & MANUFACTURING NORTH AMERICA, INC.
    Inventors: Jared Farnsworth, Daniel Folick, Naoki Tomi, Shigeki Hasegawa, Kentaro Fukuda
  • Patent number: 10700262
    Abstract: A piezoelectric resonator includes a piezoelectric thin film including a functional conductor, a fixing layer provided on a principal surface of the piezoelectric thin film to define a void that overlaps a functional portion region, and a support substrate on a principal surface of the fixing layer. A sacrificial layer is provided on a principal surface of a piezoelectric substrate and the fixing layer is provided on the principal surface of the piezoelectric substrate to cover the sacrificial layer. The support substrate is attached to a surface of the fixing layer and the piezoelectric thin film is peeled from the piezoelectric substrate. The functional conductor is provided on the piezoelectric thin film, a through hole is provided in the piezoelectric thin film to straddle a boundary between the fixing layer and the sacrificial layer, and the sacrificial layer is removed by wet etching using the through hole to form the void.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: MURATA MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Yutaka Kishimoto
  • Patent number: 10641252
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to an actuator based on carbon nanotubes and actuating system using the same. The actuator includes: a carbon nanotube layer and a vanadium dioxide layer stacked with each other. Because the drastic, reversible phase transition of VO2, the actuator has giant deformation amplitude and fast response. An actuating system using the actuator is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: He Ma, Yang Wei, Kai Liu, Kai-Li Jiang, Shou-Shan Fan
  • Patent number: 10583462
    Abstract: A method of producing an electromechanical transducer includes forming an insulating film on a first electrode, forming a sacrificial layer on the insulating film, forming a first membrane on the sacrificial layer, forming a second electrode on the first membrane, forming an etching-hole in the first membrane and removing the sacrificial layer through the etching-hole, and forming a second membrane on the second electrode, and sealing the etching-hole. Forming the second membrane and sealing the etching-hole are performed in one operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Kazutoshi Torashima, Takahiro Akiyama, Toshio Tomiyoshi
  • Patent number: 10587307
    Abstract: Systems and methods for communicating a signal over a hydraulic line in a vehicle are provided. In one embodiment, a system can include a hydraulic line. The hydraulic line can include at least one communication medium for propagating a communication signal. The system can also include at least one signal communication device configured to receive the communication signal communicated over the hydraulic line. The system can also include at least one vehicle component in communication with the at least one signal communication device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: GE Aviation Systems, LLC
    Inventors: Pavlo Bobrek, Eric Rankin Gardner
  • Patent number: 10575735
    Abstract: An object information acquiring apparatus according to the present invention includes: an acoustic wave detecting element which detects an acoustic wave propagating from an object and which outputs an acoustic signal; a reference element which receives an input of electrical noise corresponding to electrical noise input to the acoustic wave detecting element and which outputs a reference signal; a noise reducer which reduces a component derived from the electrical noise by subtracting the reference signal from the acoustic signal; and a processor which generates image data representing characteristic information of the object using the acoustic signal in which the component derived from the electrical noise has been reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventor: Takeshi Suwa
  • Patent number: 10558057
    Abstract: In one example, a camera is provided that includes: a plurality of MEMS electrostatic comb actuators, each actuator operable to exert a force on at least one lens; and an optical image stabilization (OIS) algorithm module operable to command the plurality of actuators to actuate the at least one lens responsive to motion of the camera.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: DigitalOptics Corporation MEMS
    Inventors: Xiaolei Liu, Roman C. Gutierrez, Pat K Leang, Jose A. Mendez, Corneliu Zaharia, Alexandru F. Drimbarean, Petronel Gheorghe Bigioi
  • Patent number: 10524717
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure provide a detection device. The detection device includes: a fixed member fixedly mounted to a target position; a first movable member arranged to face towards and in parallel with the fixed member, and movably connected to the fixed member by a first elastic member; at least one first electrode, having one end being fixed to the fixed member and the other end extending towards the first movable member along a first direction; and at least one second electrode, having one end being fixed to the first movable member and the other end extending towards the fixed member in a second direction, the second direction being parallel to the first direction. Embodiments of the present disclosure also provide a fatigue detection system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Assignee: BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Lin Zhu
  • Patent number: 10504656
    Abstract: A switched capacitive device includes a stationary portion including a plurality of first electrodes extending at least partially in a longitudinal dimension. Each first electrode has a first substantially active electrode volume. The device also includes a translatable portion including a plurality of second electrodes proximate the plurality of first electrodes. Each second electrode has a second substantially active electrode volume. The first active electrode volume is greater than the second active electrode volume. The second electrodes are translatable with respect to the first electrodes. The second electrodes extend at least partially in the longitudinal dimension. The first electrodes are configured to induce substantially linear motion of the second electrodes in the longitudinal dimension through the use of an electric field induced by at least a portion of the first electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2019
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Stefan Grubic, Nathaniel Benedict Hawes, Manoj Ramprasad Shah, Martin Kin-Fei Lee, Rui Zhou, Kevin Michael Grace, Qin Chen
  • Patent number: 10501312
    Abstract: An embodiment device includes a body structure having an interior cavity, a control chip disposed on a first interior surface of the interior cavity, and a sensor attached, at a first side, to a second interior surface of the interior cavity opposite the first interior surface. The sensor has a mounting pad on a second side of the sensor that faces the first interior surface, and the sensor is vertically spaced apart from the control chip by an air gap, with the sensor is aligned at least partially over the control chip. The device further includes an interconnect having a first end mounted on the mounting pad, the interconnect extending through the interior cavity toward the first interior surface, and the control chip is in electrical communication with the sensor by way of the interconnect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2019
    Assignee: Infineon Technologies AG
    Inventors: Sook Woon Chan, Chau Fatt Chiang, Kok Yau Chua, Swee Kah Lee, Chee Yang Ng
  • Patent number: 10466841
    Abstract: A curved touch panel and a display device including the same are provided. The touch panel includes a flat region in which first sensing cells are arranged; and a curved region in which second sensing cells are arranged that are different from the first sensing cells in terms of at least one of an arrangement pattern and a shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Kyung-wan Park, Shi-yun Cho, In-kwon Kang, Ga-eun Lee, Ji-hyun Jung
  • Patent number: 10442091
    Abstract: A gripping device 18 is provided at the front end of an arm of an assembly robot 2. The gripping device 18 includes a pair of grippers 20 and 22 capable of opening and closing. The side configured to come into contact with a part 4, of each gripper 20, 22 includes a pressure-sensitive sensor 24. The pressure-sensitive sensor 24 includes a first electrode and a second electrode serving as a pair of electrodes and an intermediate layer formed of rubber or a rubber composition between the pair of electrodes. The intermediate layer is configured to generate electricity when deformed by contact with an object (part 4). The side configured to come into contact with the object, of the intermediate layer is subjected to a surface modification treatment and has a higher hardness than the opposite side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tsuneaki Kondoh, Tomoaki Sugawara, Yuko Arizumi, Mayuka Araumi, Mizuki Otagiri, Junichiro Natori, Megumi Kitamura, Takahiro Imai, Hideyuki Miyazawa, Makito Nakashima
  • Patent number: 10433055
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a speaker system with a moving voice coil. A conductive material layer is disposed on a front cover of the speaker system and constitutes a fixed electrode plate. A vibrating component comprises a flexible circuit board secured to one side of a vibrating diaphragm. A metal layer is disposed in the middle of the flexible circuit board and constitutes a movable electrode plate. The fixed electrode plate is electrically connected to an external circuit by means of an external terminal disposed on a front cover solder pad. The flexible circuit board extends to the outside of the speaker system and is provided with a solder pad electrically connected to the external circuit. A capacitance monitoring chip is disposed in the speaker system and electrically connected to a capacitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: GOERTEK, INC.
    Inventors: Guodong Zhao, Pengcheng Ji, Xinfeng Yang
  • Patent number: 10388462
    Abstract: A tunable reactance device and methods of manufacturing and using the same are disclosed. The tunable reactance device includes a substrate, a microelectromechanical (MEM) structure supported on the substrate and comprising a conductive material, and a driver configured to move the MEM structure with respect to the substrate upon application of an electrostatic force to the driver. A gap between the MEM structure and the substrate is maintained when the driver moves the MEM structure. The tunable reactance device has (i) a first reactance and a first electromagnetic field topology when the electrostatic force is applied to the driver and (ii) a different reactance and a different electromagnetic field topology when a different electrostatic force is applied to the driver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Inventor: Michael J. Dueweke
  • Patent number: 10367431
    Abstract: A triboelectric generator includes a first contact charging member and a second contact charging member. The first contact charging member includes a first contact layer and a conductive electrode layer. The first contact layer includes a material that has a triboelectric series rating indicating a propensity to gain electrons due to a contacting event. The conductive electrode layer is disposed along the back side of the contact layer. The second contact charging member is spaced apart from and disposed oppositely from the first contact charging member. It includes an electrically conductive material layer that has a triboelectric series rating indicating a propensity to lose electrons when contacted by the first contact layer during the contacting event. The electrically conductive material acts as an electrode. A mechanism maintains a space between the first contact charging member and the second contact charging member except when a force is applied thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: Georgia Tech Research Corporation
    Inventors: Zhong Lin Wang, Sihong Wang, Long Lin, Guang Zhu, Zong-Hong Lin
  • Patent number: 10324488
    Abstract: An actuator comprising two devices each comprising an out-of-plane deformable element, said deformable element comprising a first fixed end anchored on a substrate and a second free end relative to the substrate, said device also comprising means to guide the second free end in in-plane translation along a first direction, the first deformable element being capable of deforming out-of-plane through application of a stimulus so that the second free end draws close to the first fixed end following in-plane translational movement. The actuator also comprises an element mobile in rotation about an axis orthogonal to the plane and mechanically linked to the free ends of the deformable elements, and a translationally mobile element mechanically linked to the rotationally mobile element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives
    Inventor: Thierry Hilt
  • Patent number: 10284169
    Abstract: An object is to improve insulation in a bonding layer and to improve a bonding strength of a supporting body and piezoelectric single crystal substrate, in a bonded body having the supporting body made of a polycrystalline material or single crystal material, the piezoelectric single crystal substrate and the bonding layer provided between the supporting body and piezoelectric single crystal substrate, wherein the bonded body includes the supporting body, piezoelectric single crystal substrate and the bonding layer provided between the supporting body and piezoelectric single crystal substrate, and the bonding layer has a composition of Si(1-x)Ox (0.008?x?0.408).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: NGK INSULATORS, LTD.
    Inventors: Masashi Goto, Yudai Uno, Keiichiro Asai, Tomoyoshi Tai
  • Patent number: 10272470
    Abstract: CMOS Ultrasonic Transducers and processes for making such devices are described. The processes may include forming cavities on a first wafer and bonding the first wafer to a second wafer. The second wafer may be processed to form a membrane for the cavities. Electrical access to the cavities may be provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignee: Butterfly Network, Inc.
    Inventors: Jonathan M. Rothberg, Keith G. Fife, Tyler S. Ralston, Gregory L. Charvat, Nevada J. Sanchez
  • Patent number: 10218291
    Abstract: A device for generating electricity by friction and a manufacturing method thereof. The device comprises a first substrate and a second substrate arranged oppositely, and a plurality of elastic columns arranged between the first substrate and the second substrate to support them. A surface of the first substrate facing the second substrate is provided with a first conductive electrode and an insulating polymeric membrane layer which are stacked. A surface of the second substrate facing the first substrate is provided with a second conductive electrode. At least one surface of the two opposite surfaces of the second conductive electrode and the insulating polymeric membrane layer is formed into a surface with a concave-convex structure. The friction area between the second conductive electrode and the insulating polymeric membrane layer can be increased upon relative movement between the first substrate and the second substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignee: BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Fang He, Tian Yang, Yanbing Wu
  • Patent number: 10181805
    Abstract: Power generated by a vibration power generator utilizing an electret is efficiently supplied to a power supply load. A vibration power generator includes a first substrate and a second substrate configured to be moved relative to each other by external vibration while remaining opposite each other, a group of a plurality of electrets arranged in the relative movement direction on one surface side of the first substrate, and a group of electrodes arranged in the relative movement direction on a surface side of the second substrate opposite to the group of electrets, and including a first current collecting electrode and a second current collecting electrode. A power supply load to which power generated by the external vibration is supplied and which has an impedance lower than an internal impedance of the vibration power generator is electrically connected to each of the first and second current collecting electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2019
    Assignee: OMRON Corporation
    Inventors: Misato Nabeto, Tatsuakira Masaki, Keiki Matsuura
  • Patent number: 10163575
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a non-linear capacitor comprising a first electrode, a second electrode, and a dielectric layer disposed between said first and second electrodes. The dielectric layer comprises at least one organic compound selected from copolymer, homo-polymer, Sharp polymers, NLSD compounds and combination thereof which have at least one electro-polarizable aromatic polycyclic conjugated core. A relationship between a capacity C of the capacitor and a voltage V between the electrodes is characterized by the monotonously increasing polynomial dependence C0+?i=1m CiVi, when the voltage V satisfies by following inequality 0<V?Vmax, where the voltage Vmax is a maximum working voltage that does not exceed a breakdown voltage Vbd and which is selected out of safety reasons, where at least one coefficient Ci is not equal to 0 when the index i ranges from 2 to m, and m=2, 3, 4, 5, or 6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2018
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventor: Pavel Ivan Lazarev
  • Patent number: 10150293
    Abstract: An electromechanical transducer element includes a first electrode; an electromechanical transducer film stacked on one surface of the first electrode; a second electrode stacked on the electromechanical transducer film; and wiring formed on the second electrode. In an at least one cross section, each of a boundary, on a second electrode side, of the electromechanical transducer film and a boundary, on a side opposite to the electromechanical transducer film, of the second electrode is a curved shape protruding away from the first electrode. In the at least one cross section, each of a film thickness of the electromechanical transducer film and a film thickness of the second electrode becomes thinner toward end portions from a maximum height portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Osamu Machida, Masahiro Ishimori, Atsushi Takeuchi, Shuya Abe
  • Patent number: 10138116
    Abstract: An integrated circuit (IC) with an integrated microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) structure is provided. In some embodiments, the IC comprises a semiconductor substrate, a back-end-of-line (BEOL) interconnect structure, the integrated MEMS structure, and a cavity. The BEOL interconnect structure is over the semiconductor substrate, and comprises wiring layers stacked in a dielectric region. Further, an upper surface of the BEOL interconnect structure is planar or substantially planar. The integrated MEMS structure overlies and directly contacts the upper surface of the BEOL interconnect structure, and comprises an electrode layer. The cavity is under the upper surface of the BEOL interconnect structure, between the MEMS structure and the BEOL interconnect structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chun-Wen Cheng, Chia-Hua Chu
  • Patent number: 10082144
    Abstract: The present invention describes methods to fabricate actuators that can be remotely controlled in an addressable manner, and methods to provide remote control such micro-actuators. The actuators are composites of two permanent magnet materials, one of which is has high coercivity, and the other of which switches magnetization direction by applied fields. By switching the second material's magnetization direction, the two magnets either work together or cancel each other, resulting in distinct “on” and “off” behavior of the devices. The device can be switched “on” or “off” remotely using a field pulse of short duration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignee: Carnegie Mellon University
    Inventors: Metin Sitti, Eric Diller, Shuhei Miyashita
  • Patent number: 10014570
    Abstract: A wireless powering and communication system is provided that includes a base unit, and an external unit that is separate from the base unit, where the base unit includes a single transducer circuit configured for uplink data communication to the external unit, where the transducer circuit is configured for power recovery from the external unit, a multiplexer circuit, a power recovery and conditioning circuit, a controller circuit, and a communication circuit, where the multiplexer circuit is configured to decouple power and data paths to enable operation with the single transducer circuit, the power recovery and conditioning circuit is configured to recover and optionally store power from power received by the single transducer circuit, the power recovery and conditioning circuit is configured to power the controller circuit and the communication circuit, the controller circuit is configured to control the multiplexer circuit, the communication circuit is configured to provide data to the multiplexer circuit
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Mohammad Amin Arbabian, Marcus J. Weber, Jayant Charthad
  • Patent number: 9989844
    Abstract: A pellicle that includes graphene is constructed and arranged for an EUV reticle. A multilayer mirror includes graphene as an outermost layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: ASML NETHERLANDS B.V.
    Inventors: Andrei Mikhailovich Yakunin, Vadim Yevgenyevich Banine, Erik Roelof Loopstra, Harmen Klaas Van Der Schoot, Lucas Henricus Johannes Stevens, Maarten Van Kampen
  • Patent number: 9975756
    Abstract: A micro-electro-mechanical pressure sensor device, formed by a cap region and by a sensor region of semiconductor material. An air gap extends between the sensor region and the cap region; a buried cavity extends underneath the air gap, in the sensor region, and delimits a membrane at the bottom. A through trench extends within the sensor region and laterally delimits a sensitive portion housing the membrane, a supporting portion, and a spring portion, the spring portion connecting the sensitive portion to the supporting portion. A channel extends within the spring portion and connects the buried cavity to a face of the second region. The first air gap is fluidically connected to the outside of the device, and the buried cavity is isolated from the outside via a sealing region arranged between the sensor region and the cap region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L.
    Inventors: Enri Duqi, Sebastiano Conti, Lorenzo Baldo, Flavio Francesco Villa
  • Patent number: 9969606
    Abstract: A MEMS structure that provides an improved way to selectively control electromechanical properties of a MEMS device with an applied voltage. The MEMS structure includes a capacitor element that comprises at least one stator element, and at least one rotor element suspended for motion parallel to a first direction in relation to the stator element. The stator element and the rotor element form at least one capacitor element, the capacitance of which varies according to displacement of the rotor element from an initial position. The stator element and the rotor element are mutually oriented such that in at least one range of displacements of the rotor element from an initial position, the second derivative of the capacitance with respect to the displacement has negative values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Assignee: MURATA MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Matti Liukku, Jaakko Ruohio, Hannu Vesterinen
  • Patent number: 9951671
    Abstract: A heat transfer device that includes a thermionic power generator, a wiring, a load circuit, and a switch circuit. The thermionic power generator includes an emitter electrode and a collector electrode facing each other with an inter-electrode gap distance, and converts heat energy into electric energy by capturing, with the collector electrode, a thermoelectron that is emitted from the emitter electrode. The wiring electrically connects the emitter electrode and the collector electrode. The load circuit is connected to an electric current path of by wiring between the emitter electrode and the collector electrode. The switch circuit switches between an ON state and an OFF state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2018
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yuji Kimura, Mitsuhiro Kataoka, Susumu Sobue
  • Patent number: 9952615
    Abstract: A charge pump includes a capacitor, a first transistor that is electrically connected between a first terminal of the first capacitor and ground, and a second transistor that is electrically connected between a second terminal of the first capacitor and an output node. During a first operation mode of the charge pump, a voltage that is boosted using the capacitor is output through the output node, and during a second operation mode of the charge pump, the first transistor and the second transistor are maintained in an ON state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2018
    Assignee: Toshiba Memory Corporation
    Inventors: Mizuho Yoshida, Junji Musha
  • Patent number: 9947857
    Abstract: The present invention provides a polymeric actuator which has excellent flexibility and elongation rate; low temperature dependability of physical properties such as an elastic modulus and high dielectric breakdown strength, and which can drive in a low electric field. The present invention relates to a polymeric actuator, wherein the polymeric dielectric has a storage elastic modulus at 20° C. [E?(20° C.)] determined by a dynamic viscoelastic measurement at a frequency of 1 Hz of not more than 0.5 MPa, a ratio [E?(?20° C.)/E?(20° C.)] of a storage elastic modulus at ?20° C. [E?(?20° C.)] determined by a dynamic viscoelastic measurement at a frequency of 1 Hz to the [E?(20° C.)] of not more than 5.0, and a ratio [E?(40° C.)/E?(20° C.)] of a storage elastic modulus at 40° C. [E?(40° C.)] determined by a dynamic viscoelastic measurement at a frequency of 1 Hz to the [E?(20° C.)] of not less than 0.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: TOYO TIRE & RUBBER CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Takeshi Fukuda, Aya Ito, Hiroyuki Anzai, Zhiwei Luo
  • Patent number: 9939314
    Abstract: The present invention provides a shock recording device includes: an electric power source; a vibration energy harvester including a first electrode and a second electrode, the vibration energy harvester converting an energy of a shock applied thereto into a potential difference between the first electrode and the second electrode; a first transistor including a first gate electrode, a first source electrode, and a first drain electrode, the first transistor further including a stacked structure of a ferroelectric layer and a semiconductor layer; and a second transistor including a second gate electrode, a second source electrode, and a second drain electrode. The second gate electrode is electrically connected to the first electrode. The second drain electrode is electrically connected to the electric power source. The second source electrode is electrically connected to the first gate electrode. The first source electrode is electrically connected to the second electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yukihiro Kaneko, Michihito Ueda, Yu Nishitani
  • Patent number: 9917535
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a wafer (100) being subdivided and separable into a plurality of dies. Each die (110) comprises an array of capacitive micro-machined transducer cells (1). Each cell comprises a substrate (10) comprising a first electrode (11), a membrane (13) comprising a second electrode (14), and a cavity (12) between the substrate (10) and the membrane (13). Each cell (1) of at least a part of the dies (110) comprises a compensating plate (15) on the membrane (13), each compensating plate (15) having a configuration for influencing a bow (h) of the membrane (13). The configurations of the compensating plates (13) vary across the wafer (100). The present invention further relates to a method of manufacturing such a wafer and a method of manufacturing such a die.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: KONINKLUJKE PHILIPS N.V.
    Inventor: Peter Dirksen
  • Patent number: 9876160
    Abstract: A process for producing a corrugated electrode for use in an electroactive polymer cartridge is disclosed. A laminated web comprising a support sheet laminated to a dielectric elastomer film is positioned. The support sheet defines areas exposing portions of the dielectric elastomer film. A force is applied to the positioned laminated web to stretch the laminated support sheet-dielectric elastomer film web in a direction that is orthogonal to a plane defined by the web. An electrically conductive material is applied to the laminated support sheet-dielectric elastomer film web while the laminated support sheet-dielectric elastomer film web is in a stretched state. The laminated support sheet-dielectric elastomer film web is relaxed to form the corrugated electrode on the dielectric elastomer film portion of the web.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2018
    Assignee: Parker-Hannifin Corporation
    Inventors: Silmon J. Biggs, Jeremy Elsberry, Andrew B. Campbell
  • Patent number: 9863405
    Abstract: An embodiment provides a working medium to be used in a circular osmotic pressure electric power generation system. The working medium comprises water and an inducing-liquid. The working medium, under conditions of a temperature of 5° C. to 35° C. and a pressure of 1 atmosphere, is in (1) a state of a liquid-liquid mutually dissolved two-component mixed solution when a concentration of the water or the inducing-liquid in the total amount of the water and the inducing-liquid is 10% by weight or lower, and (2) a state of being separated into the water phase and the inducing-liquid phase when the concentration of the water or the inducing-liquid in the total amount of the water and the inducing-liquid is higher than 10% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Kenji Sano, Toshihiro Imada
  • Patent number: 9866148
    Abstract: An illustrative electrostatic machine includes a shaft that is configured to rotate about an axis, a rotor electrode, and a stator electrode. The rotor electrode and the stator electrode are separated by a gap and form a capacitor. The rotor electrode is fixed to the shaft. The electrostatic machine can also include a housing that is configured to enclose the rotor electrode, the stator electrode, and at least a portion of the shaft. The stator electrode is fixed to the housing. A dielectric fluid fills a void defined by the housing, the rotor electrode, and the stator electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: C-Motive Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew Aaron Petrowsky, Micah Jon Erickson, Daniel Colin Ludois, William Mason, Justin K. Reed
  • Patent number: 9846145
    Abstract: Provided are: an ultrasound probe with excellent characteristic stability; and ultrasound equipment that uses the ultrasound probe. The ultrasound probe has an ultrasonic transmitting and receiving element provided with a substrate, an insulating film formed on the substrate, a cavity formed between the substrate and the insulating film, and a pair of electrodes disposed parallel to the substrate so as to sandwich the cavity. The ultrasound probe is characterized in that the ultrasonic transmitting and receiving element has a beam part with a multilayer structure formed by laminating films made of materials different in stress, the beam part being disposed on the electrode distant from the substrate out of the pair of electrodes, and the beam part is formed by laminating a film that applies tensile stress and a film that applies compressive stress.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2017
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Yoshimura, Tatsuya Nagata, Akifumi Sako
  • Patent number: 9748869
    Abstract: A vibration power generator in which an electret group including a plurality of electrets and an electrode group including a plurality of electrodes are displaced in a relative movement direction by an external vibration, and vibration power generation is thereby performed, has a housing portion that accommodates the electret group and the electrode group, a fixed member that is fixed to a bottom surface side of the housing portion and has one of the electret group and the electrode group as a fixed member-side power generation element, a movable member that is accommodated in the housing portion so as to be capable of relative movement by the external vibration while opposing the fixed member, and has the other of the electret group and the electrode group as a movable member-side power generation element, and a plurality of support members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignee: OMRON Corporation
    Inventor: Masayo Ikuta
  • Patent number: 9651776
    Abstract: A scanner apparatus includes: a scanner having a mirror that is driven into resonance in a first direction; a scanner holder holding the scanner and rotatable about an axis extending in a direction parallel to the first direction; and a driver that oscillates the scanner holder, and the scanner holder includes: a first holding portion holding the scanner; a second holding portion connected to the first holding portion and holding the driver; a connecting portion connected to the second holding portion; and an elastic portion connected to the connecting portion and having elasticity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignees: FUNAI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., KYOTO UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Manabu Murayama, Ryusuke Horibe, Shingo Setono, Tomohisa Hirai, Yuichiro Masuda, Atsushi Mushimoto, Fumitoshi Matsuno
  • Patent number: 9618404
    Abstract: A transducer includes an element disposed on a substrate, where the element includes an electrode, and a connection electrode electrically connected to the electrode of the element. A conductive portion disposed on an insulating film of a flexible print circuit board is electrically connected to the connection electrode. Part of the conductive portion is exposed so as to face a surface of the substrate having the element disposed thereon. An insulation layer is disposed on part of the surface of the substrate facing the flexible print circuit board.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Atsushi Kandori
  • Patent number: 9576879
    Abstract: A heat-dissipation structure includes a first carbon nanotube layer and a thermal interface material layer. The first carbon nanotube layer and the thermal interface material layer are stacked on each other. The first carbon nanotube layer includes at least one first carbon nanotube paper, and the density of the first carbon nanotube paper ranges from about 0.3 g/cm3 to about 1.4 g/cm3. An electronic device applying the heat-dissipation structure is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Ling Zhang, Chang-Hong Liu, Shou-Shan Fan
  • Patent number: 9564836
    Abstract: A transducer, and a method for manufacturing the transducer are provided. The transducer includes a substrate-side electrode provided in one side of an insulative substrate and an opposite plate including an opposite electrode disposed opposite to the substrate-side electrode, and which performs a function such as a reduction in impedance, conversion of capacitance, signal amplification, thereby achieving size reduction of the transducer itself. An upper plate is made of a silicon monocrystal and is arranged so as to face a substrate-side electrode. In the upper plate, an integrated circuit section which is an impurity region of an IC circuit is formed by a thermal diffusion method or an ion implantation method. By this transducer, an improvement in conversion efficiency, an improvement in productivity, and a size reduction of a mount system are achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Inventor: Seung-Mok Lee
  • Patent number: 9415597
    Abstract: An ink jet head includes: a pressure chamber to be filled with ink formed in a pressure chamber structure, the pressure chamber in which an etching limiter made of a material different from a material of the pressure chamber structure is formed on an inner wall surface of the pressure chamber; a nozzle plate comprising a nozzle that leading to the pressure chamber and a movable range fitted to the etching limiter; and a flat driver comprising a piezoelectric body to operate the movable range and arranged on the nozzle plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2016
    Assignees: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA, TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Takashi Kawakubo, Kazuhide Abe, Yasushi Tomizawa, Ryuichi Arai, Ryutaro Kusunoki, Osamu Takagi
  • Patent number: 9407172
    Abstract: A vibration power generator comprises: a fixed substrate; a vibrating body having a surface opposed to the fixed substrate, the vibrating body being vibratable to the fixed substrate; electret electrodes aligned in a vibration direction on one of the surface of the fixed substrate and the surface of the vibrating body; and first fixed electrodes and second fixed electrodes alternately aligned in the vibration direction on the other thereof, wherein when the vibrating body is at a resting position, each of the electret electrodes overlaps with both electrodes of a corresponding fixed electrode pair, the corresponding fixed electrode pair being one of the first fixed electrodes and one of the second fixed electrodes that are opposed to the electret electrode, and when the vibrating body is not at a resting position, each of the electret electrodes always overlaps with at least one electrode of the corresponding fixed electrode pair.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2016
    Assignees: Panasonic Corporation, Stichting IMEC Nederland
    Inventors: Takehiko Yamakawa, Yasuyuki Naito, Keiji Onishi, Kunihiko Nakamura, Hiroshi Nakatsuka, Michael Renaud, Robertus T. F. van Schaijk