With Adjusting Means Patents (Class 335/86)
  • Patent number: 11404232
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay capable of externally and manually controlling, turning on, and shutting off electric power includes casing, push-pull rod and relay module. The casing has top cover, where slideway is formed, and an end of the slideway has bump. The push-pull rod is installed to the slideway and has an end formed into hook portion and passed into the casing. An open slot, which has fitting hole and sliding hole, is formed on the push-pull rod. The relay module is installed at the chassis and has elastic contact plate assembly and lever, and an end of the lever is engaged with the hook portion. After the fitting hole is sheathed on the bump, the sliding hole is moved relative to the bump, so that the hook portion drives the lever to push the elastic contact plate assembly to define electrical connection or disconnection state according to different requirements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2021
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2022
    Inventor: Po-Jen Liao
  • Patent number: 9064665
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay is provided with an armature which is pulled by an electromagnet and a card which transmits operation of the armature to the moving electrode plate. The armature includes an engagement part which engages with the card. The card includes a pedestal part which extends from the card body, a deforming part which extends from the card body and can elastically deform, and a tab which sticks out toward the pedestal part. The deforming part has a first part which extends from the card body and a second part which extends bent from the first part. The engagement part is sandwiched between the pedestal part and the second part. The ends in the width direction of the surface which the tab contacts when the engagement part is pushed between the pedestal part and the tab are formed with inclined parts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Inventors: Ying Li, Satoshi Takano
  • Patent number: 8390407
    Abstract: A micromachined electromechanical (MEMS) actuator including, for example, an electrostatically actuated electrical switch, is provided, including a first set of conducting plates forming part of the movable element of the switch, interdigitated with a set of conducting plates forming part of the substrate. The plates are, in principle, vertical relative to the surface of the substrate; they are in partial heightwise overlap and a control voltage applied between the two sets of plates exerts a vertical force acting so as to move the movable element closer to the substrate. The conducting plates of the movable element are connected to one another by conducting end crosspieces connecting the ends of these plates so as to surround, laterally, the stationary conducting plates. The distance separating one stationary plate end from the mobile crosspiece is the same at both ends so that the forces exerted in the elongation direction of the plates cancel out. This distance is preferably the same for all the plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique
    Inventors: Bernard Diem, Henri Sibuet
  • Patent number: 8350648
    Abstract: A power control apparatus in the form of a standard, toggle, wall-mounted light switch for remote actuation of an electrical load or local manual override. A switch housing supports and retains a latching relay that includes power terminals, a switching terminal for remote actuation by a control signal, and a manual override. A switch lever extends from the body of the switch housing for manual actuation to override the state of the relay. The switch lever engages the manual override of the latching relay upon manual actuation by a person. A centering structure maintains the switch lever in a centered position to allow unimpeded movement of the manual override. The latching relay can be remotely actuated by a signal at its switching terminal to switch a power load connected to the power terminals on or off, or the relay can be manually overridden by actuation of the switch lever.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Inventor: Gus Cueto
  • Patent number: 8327527
    Abstract: This invention relates to reed switches, and more particularly to micro-miniaturized reed switches and batch microfabrication techniques used to fabricate micro-miniaturized reed switches. The present invention can provide miniaturized reed switches with more consistent operating parameters, and that can be produced more efficiently than conventional reed switches. The present invention can also provide methods of making miniaturized reed switches using microfabrication techniques. The present invention can use lithographic-based fabrication to enable monolithic construction of a reed switch. Microlithography can repeatedly form micrometer dimensions with tight tolerances over large arrays of devices which, if the patterns are translated into materials appropriate for electromechanical devices, can provide for repeatable and consistent electromechanical operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignees: HT Microanalytical, Inc., Coto Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Todd R Christenson
  • Patent number: 8274346
    Abstract: An electromagnetic contact device has a contactor holder (40), which moves a mounted movable contactor (42a) according to a displacement of a movable core (32) forming an electromagnet (30) for operation. The contactor holder (40) is being housed together with the electromagnet (30) for operation in a case (1). The case (1) has a lower case portion (10) housing the electromagnet (30) for operation and an upper case portion (20) engaging with the lower case portion (10) while being stacked on the lower case portion and houses the contactor holder (40) advanced from above. The upper case portion (20) has a recess (21) with an upward opening and houses the contactor holder (40) placed on the bottom wall of the recess (21). The lower case portion (10) houses one selected either a DC-only electromagnet (30b) or an AC-only electromagnet (30a).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Fuji Electric FA Components & Systems Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kouetsu Takaya, Koji Okubo, Yasuhiro Naka, Toshikatsu Ohgami, Kenji Suzuki
  • Patent number: 8274344
    Abstract: An electromagnet for use in a relay having a coil bobbin with flange portions at both ends of a coil winding portion where a coil is wound and an iron core with a flange-like head portion at one end of a body portion, the coil bobbin being so fitted onto the iron core that the flange-like head portion and the other end of the body portion of the iron core respectively project out of each of openings formed at the flange portions of the coil bobbin. The iron core has at the other end an engageable portion to be engaged with an engaging portion formed on a grasping part of a coil winding chuck device. The electromagnet further has between the coil bobbin and the iron core a means for preventing misregistration of the coil bobbin fitted onto the iron core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Panasonic Electric Works Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yoshimasa Kato
  • Patent number: 8258901
    Abstract: An energy-saving electromagnetic switching device in the present invention includes a housing, and an electromagnetic assembly and a movable magnetic pole within the housing. The movable magnetic pole connects a resilience means which engages with the movable magnetic pole to control the electromagnetic switching device switched on and off. At least one locking assembly is set between the movable magnetic pole and the housing, via which the electromagnetic switching device can automatically and repeatably change from an on-state to an off-state if the electromagnetic assembly is momentarily energized. The electromagnetic switching device is energy-saved, has higher automatization degree, simple operation, and lower cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Inventor: Chungtai Hao
  • Patent number: 8237521
    Abstract: A MEMS contact acceleration switch may include a first non-conductive layer; a second, conductive layer next to the first layer; and a third, conductive layer next to the second layer. The third layer may include a generally circular, annular mass and a center anchor post disposed interior of the annular mass. At least one spiral spring may connect the annular mass to the center anchor post. The third layer may include an x-y plane detection electrode separated from the annular mass by a gap. A fourth conductive layer may be disposed next to the third layer. A fifth layer may be disposed next to the fourth layer and may include a z-axis detection electrode. A second z-axis detection electrode may be disposed on the first layer. A plurality of conductive vias may extend through the first layer and be in electrical communication with the detection electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Gabriel L. Smith
  • Patent number: 8237523
    Abstract: The relay has a movable first contact, a second contact, and an actuating element operatively connected with an armature of the relay. The first contact is movable toward the second contact by the actuating element and dependent on a supply of current to the relay. A snap action spring connects the second contact to a housing of the relay. The second contact is positioned between two arrangements by the snap action spring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: Tyco Electronics Austria GmbH
    Inventor: Johannes Helmreich
  • Patent number: 8228143
    Abstract: An assembly including an electromagnetic relay and a circuit board. The electromagnetic relay includes a body having a lateral surface and a bottom surface, and a plurality of terminals protruding outward from the lateral surface of the body. The terminals respectively have distal portions extending beyond the bottom surface of the body. The circuit board is provided with a relay-mount surface. The electromagnetic relay is mounted on the relay-mount surface in an orientation such that the bottom surface of the body is opposed to the relay-mount surface, and the distal portions of the terminals being fixed to the circuit board. Each terminal is formed from a flat plate element and has a shape angled in a width direction of the flat plate element. The body has a height defined in a direction orthogonal to the relay-mount surface of the circuit board and corresponding to a length of a shortest edge of the lateral surface, the shortest edge being shorter than any of edges of the bottom surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: Fujitsu Component Limited
    Inventor: Satoshi Takano
  • Patent number: 8222981
    Abstract: An electrical switching device includes first and second circuit assemblies. Each of the first and second circuit assemblies includes a base terminal and a moveable terminal movable between an open state and a closed state. The movable terminal is electrically connected to the base terminal in the closed state. An actuator assembly is electromechanically controlled by a motor. The actuator assembly includes a pivot member rotated by the motor that has a post extending outward from a pivot body. An actuator is moved by the pivot member and is movable between a first position and a second position. The actuator is operatively coupled to the moveable terminals of the first and second circuit assemblies. The actuator moves the movable terminals to the closed state as the actuator is moved from the first position to the second position. The actuator has a pocket with a compression spring received in the pocket. The compression spring extends between a first end and a second end. The first end engages the actuator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Assignee: Tyco Electronics Corporation
    Inventors: Kurt Thomas Zarbock, Matthew Len Moeller, Garland H. Ladd, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8207460
    Abstract: An RF MEMS switch apparatus includes a planar substrate and an electrostatic actuator formed thereon. The electrostatic actuator includes two sets of interdigitated comb which is capable of moving an armature and a shunt contact head. The armature can be connected to the substrate through a main return spring and one or more contact head support springs. The shunt contact head includes a primary shunt contact and one or more spring-loaded sacrificial contacts. The shunt contact head can serve as a primary contact to bridge a stationary input electrode and an output electrode. The switch is off in a relaxed position and when actuated the primary shunt contact comes into direct mechanical contact with the stationary input electrode and the stationary output electrode. The switch remains closed as long as the actuator is powered and the springs return the armature to the relaxed position when the power is removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: Senda Micro Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Lorenzo G. Rodriguez, James Henry Campbell, Jose G. Mireles
  • Patent number: 8179217
    Abstract: A polar electromagnet device has a drive shaft comprising an axis center supported so as to reciprocate in an axis center direction at a center hole of a spool wound with a coil, and a movable iron core attached to a lower end of the drive shaft on the axis center. The drive shaft is reciprocated with the movable iron core which reciprocates based on excitation and demagnetization of the coil. A permanent magnet is integrally arranged at the movable iron core on the same axis center.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: OMRON Corporation
    Inventors: Kensuke Kawaguchi, Kazuchika Hiroki
  • Patent number: 8013695
    Abstract: A magnetic circuit includes a stationary iron core, a permanent magnet, and an armature, in a circular pattern. A contact mechanism spring separates the armature from the stationary iron core to open the magnetic circuit to switch a contact mechanism to a reset position. A coil on the magnetic circuit generates a magnetic flux in a direction same as that of the permanent magnet when an overload is detected and in an opposite direction when a predetermined time is elapsed after detecting the overload. A reset bar switches a movable stopper between an engaging position and a non-engaging position with the contact mechanism against a biasing force of the contact mechanism spring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Kenichirou Suzuki, Sadaaki Baba, Tomoyuki Kamiyama, Tsuyoshi Sekiguchi
  • Patent number: 7973625
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an auxiliary contact block. The auxiliary contact block comprises a housing and a tool free latching mechanism. The tool free latching mechanism further comprising a stationary member integral to the housing and a latching bar. The latching bar comprising a button in communication with a moveable member by a central body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2011
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Namitha Chandrappa, Subramanyan Ananthakrishnan, G. Kalyana Sundaram, Pedro Jose Riera
  • Patent number: 7705700
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay has an overtravel adjustment to set the gap in the contact arrangement. The armature is actuated by a relay coil and linked to a pusher to drive the pusher to operate the contact system. The pusher includes a rotary dial disposed in a slot on the pusher adjacent to the armature. The rotary adjustment increases or decreases a gap of the contacts to provide an over-travel adjustment. The pusher includes bifurcated tines defining the slot for receiving an armature linkage and the rotary adjustment. The rotary adjustment includes a head and a post depending from the head. The post is disposed within the slot and the head portion in contact with the armature linkage portion. The rotary adjustment sets the distance between the forward edge and the armature to achieve the desired overtravel for the contact arrangement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2010
    Assignee: Tyco Electronics Corporation
    Inventors: David Glen Parker, Kurt Thomas Zarbock, Tim Hasenour
  • Patent number: 7679477
    Abstract: A contactor with modular connection of the coil according to the invention comprises an insulating body, an operating coil housed in the insulating body, and means of modular connection of the coil to an external circuit so that the coil can be powered. The coil connection means comprise a connection arrangement, internal to the body, comprising at least two pairs of contact pieces positioned near at least two faces of the insulating body, these two faces being chosen from the front face and two opposed side faces running transversely between the front face and the rear face, each contact piece facing an opening in the body, and at least one removable connection module comprising a pair of connection terminals, which is connected to a second pair of contacts which are intended to collaborate with a first pair of contact pieces of the internal connection arrangement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2010
    Assignee: ABB France
    Inventor: Alain Portier
  • Patent number: 7679476
    Abstract: A polarized electromagnetic relay including an electromagnet assembly, a contact section insulated from the electromagnet assembly, and a force transfer member disposed between the electromagnetic assembly and the contact section. The electromagnet assembly includes an electromagnet, an armature driven by the electromagnet, and a permanent magnet carried on the armature. The armature includes first and second electrically conductive plate elements holding the permanent magnet therebetween in a direction of magnetization of the permanent magnet and disposed to orient the direction of magnetization in parallel with the center axis of the coil. The armature is arranged linearly movably in a direction parallel with the center axis in a state where a part of the first electrically conductive plate element is inserted into a space between the outer peripheral region of the iron core head portion and the distal end region of the yoke major portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2010
    Assignee: Fujitsu Componenet Limited
    Inventors: Kazuo Kubono, Shinichi Sato
  • Patent number: 7633363
    Abstract: A forcibly guided relay is disclosed, with a housing, whose height is smaller than its width and whose width is smaller than its length. With this, the relay comprises an electromagnetic drive filling the length or the width of the relay, with a clapper-type contactor which comprises a drive arm which extends in the direction of the core and at its free end cooperates with a drive cam; several contact pairs, which are in each case formed by a contact spring and a fixed or spring-like counter-contact said contact springs extending in the direction of the core, and with the drive ends being in a forcibly guided engagement with the drive cam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2009
    Assignee: Elesta Relays GmbH
    Inventor: Werner Fausch
  • Patent number: 7283026
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay including a base, an electromagnet fitted to the base, and a contact section operable to open or close with an operation of the electromagnet. The base includes a retaining face firstly contacting with the yoke of the electromagnet, in an action of fitting the electromagnet to the base, and retaining the electromagnet at a predetermined height on the base as seen in a direction of the coil center axis of the electromagnet. The base also includes a guide face slidably engaged with the yoke, by shifting the yoke along the retaining face, and guiding the electromagnet in a fitting direction intersecting with the coil center axis. The retaining face and the guide face cooperate with each other to fixedly support the electromagnet at a predetermined fitting position on the base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2007
    Assignee: Fujitsu Component Limited
    Inventors: Akihiko Nakamura, Shigemitsu Aoki, Hirofumi Saso
  • Patent number: 6940375
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay makes it difficult for deformation due to impact force to easily occur even when bending work is applied to a contact plate. A coil block is put on a base and a moving contact plate and fixed contact plates are so juxtaposed as to oppose one another. The moving contact plate is constituted by a contact-fitting portion to which a moving contact is fixed, a push-in fixing portion which is pushed in and fixed to the base and from which terminal portions extend, and a connection portion for connecting the contact-fitting portion and the push-in fixing portion. The connection portion has a width smaller than those of the contact-fitting portion and the push-in fixing portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2005
    Assignee: Omron Corporation
    Inventors: Hironori Sanada, Hiroyasu Tanaka, Hiroaki Yamazaki
  • Patent number: 6922122
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay is simple in construction, can prevent entry of dust, etc. into an interior thereof, enables confirmation of operation, and is provided an operating lever that can be maintained in an operating state. A coil block and a contact switching mechanism are provided on a base plate, a casing covers the base plate, and a movable iron piece is turned by magnetizing and demagnetizing the coil block, and a movable contact piece is operated to make and break contacts. An operating part that is turned by directing pushing the movable iron piece is arranged on an upper surface of the casing, and covered by a cover. An operating lever is mounted on the cover in a manner to enable sliding operation. The operating lever can be positioned in a closed position, in which an operating part is covered, a first opened position, in which the operating part is exposed, and a second opened position, in which the operating part is operated, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2005
    Assignee: Omron Corporation
    Inventors: Yojiro Saruwatari, Keisuke Yano, Shinichi Furusyo, Tetsuya Fujiwara, Ryota Minowa
  • Patent number: 6611184
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay having a base and an armature. The base having a first fixed contact support having a first fixed contact and a second fixed contact support having a second fixed contact. The armature having a first end and a second end. A contact bridge mechanically coupled to the first end by a transfer spring and having a first moveable contact and a second moveable contact. The contact bridge positioned between the first fixed contact support and the second fixed contact support such that the first fixed contact is substantially adjacent to the first moveable contact and the second fixed contact is substantially adjacent to the second moveable contact. An armature spring positioned on the second end of the armature for urging the contact bridge toward the first fixed contact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2003
    Assignee: Tyco Electronics Amp GmbH
    Inventor: Ralf Hoffmann
  • Patent number: 6563408
    Abstract: A diagnostic relay has a casing mounted on a relay base and enclosing components of the relay. The casing includes a top wall having a plurality of apertures. The apertures are aligned with contacts inside the casing. The contacts are integral with or electrically connected to relay prongs traversing the base. A diagnostician replaces a circuit relay with the diagnostic relay, then inserts probes of a circuit tester through selected apertures into engagement with the contacts to determine the location of faults in the circuit. In one embodiment, the casing is clear or transparent so the diagnostician may observe whether moving components of the diagnostic relay are operating properly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2003
    Assignee: Yazaki North America, Inc.
    Inventor: Douglas Robert Miller
  • Patent number: 6374481
    Abstract: A piece-part microactuator (220), or micromotor, manufacturing approach is presented. In this approach, two of the NiFe parts (221,223) and dielectric and copper (225) piece-parts are manufactured separately. This allows the NiFe parts (221,223) to be designed in a manner to maximize the thickness of the metal, which in turn increases the magnetic properties of the motor. The dielectric and copper coils piece-part (225) may be based upon a thin film interconnect (222) or some derivative of a standard flex circuit printed wiring board. These piece-parts (221,223,225) may be tested individually, defective parts discarded, and only functional units assembled. This not only produces a mechanically balanced construction, but has lower cost due to non-sequential manufacturing steps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2002
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Kurt P. Wachtler, Mark W. Heaton
  • Patent number: 6359537
    Abstract: A electromagnetic relay includes a spool, a coil, a U-shaped yoke, an armature, a movable contact, a pair of stationary contacts, and a taper. The spool has an inner hole and first and second flange portions formed at its two ends. The coil is wound on the spool. The yoke is locked at the flange portions of the spool by press fitting to stride over the coil. The armature is movably connected to one end of the yoke and positioned to extend through the inner hole of the spool. The movable contact is attached to move in an interlocked manner with the armature. The pair of stationary contacts are arranged to sandwich the movable contact. The taper is formed on at least one of press-fit locking surfaces of one end of the yoke and the first flange portion, and has a locking force that increases as being closer to a vicinity of the inner hole of the spool. A method of adjusting an electromagnetic relay, and a method of assembling an electromagnetic relay are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2002
    Assignee: NEC Corporation
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Ichikawa, Tatsumi Ide, Tsutomu Ono, Yosinori Sugawara, Toshiaki Chiba, Tosiyuki Gotou
  • Patent number: 6023212
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay having a manual actuator wherein at an edge of the relay's housing is an opening formed in the shape of a mounting slot in which a pivot lever is mounted with a hinge segment. In an idle state, an outer lever segment of the pivot lever is lowered in a cavity of a housing wall while an inner lever arm extends along a housing wall perpendicular thereto. When the pivot lever is actuated, the inner lever arm actuates a movable relay part, in particular a bolt, up to a first operating position. When the pivot lever is rotated further, the inner lever arm can be locked with the movable relay part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2000
    Assignee: EH-Schrack Components AG
    Inventor: Leopold Mader
  • Patent number: 5986529
    Abstract: An inexpensive electromagnetic relay with a simple configuration is provided which does not require a sliding core to attain the desired operating characteristics. The electromagnetic relay includes a movable component which is supported on an upper end of a coil block in a way that the movable component can freely rotate. The movable component further comprises a movable contact element and a movable iron member. The movable contact element and the movable iron member are isolated from each other by a retainer. The movable contact element, movable iron member and retainer all form a single piece. The retainer further comprises a first retainer portion for retaining the movable contact element, and a second retainer portion for retaining the movable iron member. The first and second retainer portions are also formed into a single piece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1999
    Assignee: Omron Corporation
    Inventors: Hirotaka Miyata, Masanori Nakamura, Hironori Sanada, Masahiro Kuwahara, Masahiko Tashiro
  • Patent number: 5952904
    Abstract: There is provided structure and methods for use in adjusting certain design parameters of a relay during initial assembly of the relay. The structure includes an adjustment member insertable between a bobbin and a core. The adjustment member is preferably U-shaped having arms straddling the core and a backspan which acts as a stop to define the travel of an armature. A method of initially adjusting the relay includes inserting the adjustment member between the bobbin and the core and moving the armature into engagement with the backspan. The adjustment member is driven between the bobbin and core and permanently fixed in place when the desired parameters have been attained. An alternative method includes providing a relay having a motor assembly, including a bobbin and core, which may be moved about a pivot point in the relay. The armature is forced against the motor assembly until the desired design parameters are obtained and the motor assembly is then permanently fixed in place within the relay.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1999
    Assignee: Siemens Electromechanical Components, Inc.
    Inventor: Jeffrey A. Doneghue
  • Patent number: 5905422
    Abstract: There is provided structure for use in adjusting certain design parameters of a relay during initial assembly of the relay. The structure includes an adjustment member insertable between a bobbin and a core. The adjustment member is preferably U-shaped having arms straddling the core and a backspan which acts as a stop to define the travel of an armature. The adjustment member is driven between the bobbin and core and permanently fixed in place when the desired parameters have been attained. The armature is forced against the motor assembly until the desired design parameters are obtained and the motor assembly is then permanently fixed in place within the relay. An armature is forced against the core moving it within the bore of the bobbin until the desired parameters have been obtained. Thereafter, the core is permanently fixed in position within the bore of the bobbin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1999
    Assignee: Siemens Electromechanical Components, Inc.
    Inventor: Jeffrey A. Doneghue
  • Patent number: 5900791
    Abstract: An armature-mounting arrangement for a hinged-armature relay includes a yoke (3), an armature (1) positioned at an end portion of the yoke, and an armature holding spring (2) which has at least one switching contact thereon and which is mechanically coupled to the armature. The armature holding spring is formed as one piece with a return spring (5) for the armature and also with spring hooks (4). Each of the spring hooks has a first portion (4a) lying substantially flat on an outer side of the armature and a second portion (4b) extending from the first portion about the armature and lying almost flat against an outer surface of the yoke. This armature-mounting arrangement is a particularly uncomplicated and cost effective structure and its operation is also not particularly sensitive to fabrication tolerances of the armature and the yoke.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1999
    Assignee: Hella KG Hueck & Co.
    Inventors: Wolfgang Hoffmann, Andre Koerner, Maik Zimmer
  • Patent number: 5894254
    Abstract: A relay is formed by a magnet system containing a wound coil body, an L-shaped core arranged axially therein, an L-shaped armature and a base element with terminal elements. Stationary and moving contact elements are arranged between the base element and the magnet system. The armature is mounted with the free end of its transverse leg at the free end of the longitudinal leg of the core. The armature is secured through a U-shaped armature spring wrapping around the armature. The spring is secured with one arm at the longitudinal leg of the armature and a second arm is inserted in a recess between the coil body and the core. The actuation of the moving contact elements is provided via a slide coupled to the armature. This slide is hooked to the armature by spring tabs of the armature spring at opposing sides of the armature through snap latches formed at the ends of the side arms of the slide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 13, 1999
    Assignee: EH Schrack Components AG
    Inventors: Klaus Reiter, Zoran Gmajner, Ernst Bittermann
  • Patent number: 5864268
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay constructed as a hinged-armature relay in which an armature (5) is attached to a flat-shaped spring (6) which spring is constructed as one piece to serve both as a switch-contact spring and as a return spring and which is mechanically and electrically coupled to a load-current terminal (11), with the load-current terminal having a spring affixing area (11a) and a terminal area (11b), wherein the spring affixing area and the terminal area of the load-current terminal are bendable relative to one another. A response voltage of such a relay can be adjusted in a particularly uncomplicated and quick manner using a wedge-shaped adjusting tool (12) to bend the affixing area relative to the terminal area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1999
    Assignee: Hella KG Hueck & Co.
    Inventors: Wolfgang Hoffmann, Andre Koerner, Maik Zimmer
  • Patent number: 5864270
    Abstract: In the case of the relay, an insulating wall which has at least three insulating layers is formed between the magnet system and a live metal part, in that the insulating wall is formed from a wall base having at least one insulating gap, and in that the insulating layer is formed in the insulating gap by insulating material which is inserted in liquid form and is subsequently cured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1999
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Ralf Hoffman
  • Patent number: 5864269
    Abstract: An electromagnetic hinged-armature relay comprises a contact spring (2) which is arranged on and attached to an armature (1). The contact spring serves as a switching contact spring and has a bounce dampener which is in the form of a swing element (3) made as one piece with the contact spring which greatly reduces bounces of contacts and contact wear resulting therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1999
    Assignee: Hella KG Hueck & Co.
    Inventors: Andreas Grueber, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Andre Koerner, Maik Zimmer
  • Patent number: 5844456
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay is provided with an electromagnet system with a U-shaped core yoke and an essentially flat armature, which form a working air gap on a longitudinal side underneath the coil winding. One yoke limb lies immediately on the coil winding, so that the make motion of the armature is towards the coil. In this way, a relatively large contact room is formed underneath the yoke limb and a movable contact spring extends approximately parallel under the armature. The contact spring is actuated by the armature which draws an actuating element. The relay enables a relay for high switching capacity with a changeover contact and with large insulating distances between the magnet system and the contact arrangement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1998
    Assignee: EH-Schrack Components-AG
    Inventor: Leopold Mader
  • Patent number: 5801608
    Abstract: The relay has a magnet system with an armature that operates on a switching spring via an actuating element. This switching spring has a frame-shaped contact spring as well as a fork-shaped reset spring, intermeshed in one plane and mutually decoupled, whereby the reset spring guides the actuating element via at least two linkage points lying in a line parallel to the pivot axis. The relay of the present invention provides a compact construction with few individual parts and a very low-friction operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1998
    Assignee: EH-Schrack Components-AG
    Inventor: Leopold Mader
  • Patent number: 5781089
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay includes a winding, a magnetic core disposed within the winding, and an armature mounted for movement at a first end of the winding. At least one movable circuit contact is operably associated with the armature and movable with respect to at least one stationary contact mounted in the relay responsive to motion of the armature. An end plate is mounted at an opposing end of the winding and an insulating sheet is folded about a portion of the winding. The insulating sheet has first and second sides, with the first side being secured on one end to the end plate, and the second end disposed between the armature and the first end of the winding. An outer frame covers at least a portion of the insulating sheet. The insulating sheet functions to reduce the occurrence of voltage breakdown within the relay.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1998
    Assignee: Siemens Electromechanical Components, Inc.
    Inventor: Jeffrey A. Doneghue
  • Patent number: 5748061
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay has low heat transmission from the electromagnetic block to the contacts and a conductive circuit would have low electrical resistance. In the relay, a movable contact terminal is caulked to a yoke with a flat protruding segment between them to act as a spacer to reduce the heat transmission. The relay may also have a movable contact terminal and a movable hinged spring fixed to the yoke of the electromagnetic block. The hinged spring may then be directly electrically connected to the movable contact terminal which is fixed to the yoke to lower the electrical resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1998
    Assignee: Omron Corporation
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Tsutsui, Seiji Imamura
  • Patent number: 5352999
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay having an uncomplicated and cost-effective construction includes a switching contact spring (5) that is adjustable in a particularly uncomplicated manner for controlling actuation sensitivity. In this manner, in particular, actuation can be influenced by a value of a minimum attraction voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1994
    Assignee: Hella KG Hueck & Co.
    Inventors: Wolfgang Hoffmann, Andre Korner, Maik Zimmer
  • Patent number: 5339059
    Abstract: An electromagnetic switch is provided which comprises a movable switching contact movably supported by a movable switching contact assembly arranged on a support plate, a fixed switching contact, a magnetic coil assembly operable to urge the movable switching contact into contact with the fixed switching contact, and a retainer for retaining the fixed switching contact apart from the movable switching contact at a preselected interval. The retainer includes a switching contact mounting portion, a supporting portion secured to the support plate, and first and second connecting portions connecting the switching contact mounting portion and the supporting portion to form a polygonal frame structure which is so constructed as to be deformed under preselected forces applied thereto to adjust the positional relation between the movable and fixed switching contacts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 16, 1994
    Assignees: Anden Co., Ltd., Nippondenso Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shotaro Kawamura, Hiroshi Yamada
  • Patent number: 5329265
    Abstract: A relay for use particularly in motor vehicles has a stable ferromagnetic core, an excitation coil wound around the core, a movable assembly composed of at least one movable ferromagnetic armature, a flexible foil or leaf spring fixed at a determined point of the movable armature and a contact. The relay also includes a return spring to maintain a maximum air gap for the armature with respect to the core when the device is in a release condition. At least one closure and/or opening contact is activated by the movable armature, through its contact when it is drawn or released by the core. An intermediate support element for the flexible foil is provided on one of the elements of the movable assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 12, 1994
    Assignee: Bitron "A" S.p.A.
    Inventors: Guido Guidi, Alberto Petrone
  • Patent number: 5315275
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay has a normally-open contact tongue (2) with at least one finger (24a) which, during mounting, is first slidably engaged in a drawer-cavity-forming element (25). After adjusting a normally-open contact (3) relative to a movable switch-contact (4a) the position of the at least one finger is affixed in the drawer-cavity-forming element so that the position of the normally-open contact is fixed. The relay of this invention is characterized by having a particularly uncomplicated structure and by allowing a particularly uncomplicated, cost-effective, and fully-automated adjustment of the normally-open contact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1994
    Assignee: Hella KG Hueck & Co.
    Inventors: Wolfgang Hoffmann, Andre Korner, Maik Zimmer
  • Patent number: 5227750
    Abstract: A switching device (FIGS. 5 A and 5B) employs as actuator a bistable solenoid which includes a plunger (16) movable within a winding (12) between end positions in each of which it is held by permanent magnets (18, 20). The plunger (16) of the actuator is engageable with an insulated lever (86) which in turn actuates a contact blade (76) via a spring (108). The lever may be cranked, and may have an extension (90) outside of the casing (70) to enable the device to be manually operated or to provide a visual indication of the state of the switch. Other types of solenoid may be employed as the actuator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1993
    Assignee: PED Limited
    Inventors: Richard A. Connell, Alan Godfrey, Brian Darlow
  • Patent number: 5202663
    Abstract: In an electromagnetic relay, a position of an electromagnet assembly (X) having a core (4), a bobbin (1), a yoke (5), a hinge spring (6), and an armature (7) relative to a base block assembly (Y) having a base block (8) and a contact spring assembly (9, 10, 11) is adjusted and fixed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 13, 1993
    Assignee: Takamisawa Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Noboru Tomono, Takahiro Nakabayashi, Tomohima Ichikawa, Hisao Ozawa, Takeshi Shibusawa, Atsuto Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 5155459
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay for consumers with a high switch-on current peak has a main contact and a preliminary contact on legs which extend near one another. The legs carrying the main and preliminary contacts are connected at both sides with another leg via connecting webs and have each a stretch zone between a common connecting yoke of the legs and the connecting webs. At the stretch zones the main and preliminary contacts are adjusted independently of one another by means of squeezing the material of the contact carrier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1992
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Hans-Dieter Schmid, Anton Frenznick, Dieter Mach, Karl Brandsch, Volker Busch, Manfred Mitsch, Theodor Strum
  • Patent number: 4972166
    Abstract: An electromagnetic relay has a base plate, a magnetic yoke mounted on the base plate, a relay winding, a spool core supporting the relay winding, a hinged armature arranged turnably on the spool core, a switching contact supported on the hinged armature, a counter contact cooperating with the switching contact, an adjusting part adjusting a contact distance between the countercontact and the switching contact when the armature is retracted and having at least one stretching zone extending substantially in a movement direction of the armature, the adjusting part forming a lever having a free end cooperating with the switching contact and another end anchored on the base plate, and an adjusting web provided with the stretching zone and engaging at a location between the ends with the adjusting part, so that by extension of the adjusting web to adjust the contact distance at the free end of the adjusting part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 20, 1990
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Manfred Mitsch, Theodor Sturm, Karl Brandsch, Volker Busch, Anton Frenznick
  • Patent number: 4959784
    Abstract: A method and system (1) for adjusting the curvature of an electrical relay armature (4), and the energizing voltage level of the electrical relay (2) in which it is contained, is disclosed. The adjustment system (1) uses a rotatable carrier (16) from which an extendable cam (22) with a shaped bearing surface (23) directly communicates with, and provides necessary adjustment to, a curved armature section (8) of a misconfigured relay armature (4). The necessary adjustment is determined and controlled by a controller in combination with an energizing level determining device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 25, 1990
    Assignee: United Technologies Automotive
    Inventor: Steven J. Kwapisz
  • Patent number: 4801908
    Abstract: A magnetic relay is packaged for automated assembly. The armature of the relay is held by an L-shaped frame that is easily assembled and is firmly held in position to insure electrical contact alignment. One of the terminals of the five terminals of the relay is inserted into a side of the base for the relay instead of from the top of the base. This provides a better control of the air gap between the relay armature and the contact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1987
    Date of Patent: January 31, 1989
    Assignee: Emhart Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert F. Weaver