With Fluid Current Conveying Of Treated Material Patents (Class 34/576)
  • Publication number: 20150096187
    Abstract: A method and device for continuously drying and crystallizing water-flushed granulate. The method comprises the steps of: feeding water-flushed granulate into a pre-dryer, pre-drying granulate in the pre-dryer, conveying pre-dried granulate into a dryer/crystallizer, and discharging crystallized granulate from the dryer/crystallizer. An air conditioning means produces temperature-controlled and humidity-conditioned air that is delivered to the dryer/crystallizer, wherein the exhaust air of the dryer/crystallizer is delivered to the pre-dryer, and wherein the exhaust air of the pre-dryer is returned to the air conditioning means forming a closed air circuit is formed by the dryer/crystallizer, pre-dryer, and air conditioning means. The device comprises a pre-dryer, a dryer/crystallizer, an air conditioning means, and optionally a control unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventor: Stefan Deiss
  • Patent number: 8844162
    Abstract: A device for removing fluids from particulate materials, including a container having a circular process chamber with a cylindrical external contour, an input device for inputting the materials into the process chamber, a discharge device for discharging the particulate materials freed of the fluid from the process chamber, a feed device for feeding a fluidizing agent from below into the process chamber, and at least one conditioning device for conditioning the fluidization agent in the direction of flow prior to the feed device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: BMA Braunschweigische Maschinenbauanstalt AG
    Inventors: Lothar Krell, Gerald Caspers
  • Publication number: 20140141381
    Abstract: The present invention harvests and utilizes fluidized bed drying technology and waste heat streams augmented by other available heat sources to dry feedstock or fuel. This method is useful in many industries, including coal-fired power plants. Coal is dried using the present invention before it goes to coal pulverizers and on to the furnace/boiler arrangement. Coal can be intercepted on current coal feed systems ahead of the pulverizers. Drying fuel, such as coal, is done to improve boiler efficiency and reduce emissions. A two-stage bed utilized in the process first “pre-dries and separates” the feed stream into desirable and undesirable feedstock. Then, it incrementally dries and segregates fluidizable and non-fluidizable material from the product stream. This is all completed in a low-temperature, open-air system. Elevation of fan room air temperature is also accomplished using waste heat, thereby making available to the plant system higher temperature media to enhance the feedstock drying process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: GREAT RIVER ENERGY
    Inventors: Charles W. Bullinger, Mark A. Ness, Nenad Sarunac, Edward K. Levy, Richard S. Weinstein, Dennis R. James
  • Publication number: 20130283636
    Abstract: A gas-particle processor comprising: a chamber having a gas inlet, a gas outlet and one or more particle inlets; a gas flow arrangement operable to flow gas through the chamber from the gas inlet to the gas outlet at a first controlled mass flow-rate; and a particle flow arrangement operable to introduce particles in one or more streams into the chamber at a second controlled mass flow-rate, each particle stream flowing through respective processing regions in the chamber, wherein the processor is operable to control the first and/or second controlled mass flow-rates to provide a gas-particle mixture porosity in a substantial portion of each processing region of 0.900-0.995.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2011
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Inventor: Owen Potter
  • Publication number: 20130019492
    Abstract: Systems and processes may be used for continuously processing a solid material at a non-atmospheric pressure. In some examples, the material is delivered to a process vessel at substantially the same non-atmospheric pressure condition as the process vessel so as to avoid shearing the material. In some examples, the solid material is continuously fed into a process vessel, continuously processed in the process vessel, and continuously discharged from the process vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 18, 2012
    Publication date: January 24, 2013
    Applicant: BEPEX INTERNATIONAL, LLC
    Inventor: BEPEX INTERNATIONAL, LLC
  • Patent number: 8177959
    Abstract: A method of treating a hydrocarbon fluid that includes contacting the hydrocarbon fluid with an effective amount of ozone. A method for separating contaminants from a contaminated material includes supplying the contaminated material to a processing chamber, moving the contaminated material through the processing chamber, heating the contaminated material by externally heating the processing chamber so as to volatilize the contaminants in the contaminated material, removing vapor resulting from the heating, wherein the vapor comprises the volatilized contaminants, collecting, condensing, and recovering the volatilized contaminants, and contacting the volatilized contaminants with an effective amount of ozone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: M-I L.L.C.
    Inventors: Neale Browne, Catalin Ivan
  • Patent number: 7938271
    Abstract: This consists of the preparation of powdered still slops from concentrated liquid still slops dried and converted into a powder in a conventional dryer (1) and then fed to a powder collecting cyclone (4), featuring at the lower outlet aperture of the collecting cyclone (4) a circular or snail-shaped or logarithmic spiral-shaped device (7) fed with a cool, dry air draught which generates a downward suction effect counter to the upward suction effect of the collecting cyclone (4), bringing about the falling and separation of the powder from the draught of hot air which carries the same. The cool, dry air carries the powder to the exterior for bagging, and the hot air exits upwards via the collecting cyclone (4) towards the flue (6), using a device for the recovery of the heat which it still bears as much as possible.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Assignee: HPD Process Engineering, S.A.
    Inventor: Daniel Irisarri Navalpotro
  • Patent number: 7895769
    Abstract: Raw meal sludge is dried in a vapor flow dryer by circulating exhaust vapor through a steam circuit which, prior to introduction thereof into the lower part of the dryer, is heated by indirect heat transmission from gaseous flows from a pre-heating system from a gas cyclone of a clinker production line. A partial vapor flow corresponding to water evaporated during raw meal sludge drying is removed from the steam circuit and extracted in the form of a condensate after increasing the vapor temperature by a vapor compressor and the passage of vapor arranged in the dryer over a heating surface of a vapor condenser. The sludge is sprayed into the lower part of the dryer where water is evaporated by the heat of the circulating exhaust vapor and heat from the condenser heating surface. Dried raw meal is separated from the exhaust vapor in a cyclone separator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2011
    Assignee: KHD Humboldt Wedag GmbH
    Inventors: Matthias Jochem, Klaus Kühne
  • Patent number: 7867376
    Abstract: A method of treating a hydrocarbon fluid that includes contacting the hydrocarbon fluid with an effective amount of ozone. A method for separating contaminants from a contaminated material includes supplying the contaminated material to a processing chamber, moving the contaminated material through the processing chamber, heating the contaminated material by externally heating the processing chamber so as to volatilize the contaminants in the contaminated material, removing vapor resulting from the heating, wherein the vapor comprises the volatilized contaminants, collecting, condensing, and recovering the volatilized contaminants, and contacting the volatilized contaminants with an effective amount of ozone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: M-I L.L.C.
    Inventors: Neale Browne, Catalin Ivan
  • Publication number: 20100101107
    Abstract: According to a method for drying fuels in the form of dust, particularly to be fed to a gasification process, such as coal, petroleum coke, biological waste, or the like, wherein the fuel (1) is crushed in a mill (2) and fed to a filter/separator (3) by means of a propellant and drying gas, and at least part of the propellant/drying gas in the circuit is returned to the mill (2) after heating, the known disadvantages are not only to be avoided, but particularly a cost-effective milling and drying method and a corresponding system are to be provided, having low emissions and a low inert gas requirement. This is achieved according to the method in that part of the propellant/drying gas flow is cooled down and dehumidified in a spray tower (6), or the like, wherein part of the dried gas exiting the spray tower is fed to the environment and/or a firing process, and the other part is returned to the propellant/drying gas flow.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2007
    Publication date: April 29, 2010
    Applicant: Uhde GmbH
    Inventors: Johannes Kowoll, Eberhard Kuske
  • Patent number: 7578073
    Abstract: This invention relates to an appliance (1) for the removal of fluids and/or solids from a mixture of particulate materials with a container (2) that constitutes a ring-shaped processing space (20) with a cylindrical outer contour with devices for the charging and discharging of the particulate material into and out of the processing space (20) and with a fan device (5) for supplying a fluidization agent from underneath into the processing space (20) as well as devices (6) for the processing of the fluidization agent in the flow direction in front of the fan device, whereby in the processing space (20), cells (15, 16, 17) are formed extending in the vertical direction where one cell constitutes a discharge cell (17) through which there is no fluidization agent flow from underneath where at the lower end of the discharge cell the discharge device is arranged and where another cell (15) is provided with a charge device and where the cells (15, 16, 17) are open at their upper ends in order to facilitate transport
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2009
    Assignee: Braunschweigische Maschinenbauanstalt AG
    Inventors: Lothar Krell, Gerald Caspers
  • Patent number: 7487601
    Abstract: This invention discloses systems and methods for conversion of high moisture waste materials to dry or low moisture products for recycle or reuse. The equipment systems comprise a gas turbine generator unit (preferred heat source), a dryer vessel and a processing unit, wherein the connection between the gas turbine and the dryer vessel directs substantially all the gas turbine exhaust into the dryer vessel and substantially precludes the introduction of air into the dryer vessel and wherein the processing unit forms the dried material from the dryer vessel into granules, pellets or other desired form for the final product. Optionally, the systems and methods further provide for processing ventilation air from manufacturing facilities to reduce emissions therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2009
    Assignee: EarthRenew, Inc.
    Inventors: Christianne Carin, Christianne Carin, legal representative, Alvin W. Fedkenheuer, John S. Jonasson, Alexander Starosud, Brian N. Gorbell
  • Publication number: 20080245706
    Abstract: A soil sampler includes a fluidized bed for receiving a soil sample. The fluidized bed may be in communication with a vacuum for drawing air through the fluidized bed and suspending particulate matter of the soil sample in the air. In a method of sampling, the air may be drawn across a filter, separating the particulate matter. Optionally, a baffle or a cyclone may be included within the fluidized bed for disentrainment, or dedusting, so only the finest particulate matter, including asbestos, will be trapped on the filter. The filter may be removable, and may be tested to determine the content of asbestos and other hazardous particulate matter in the soil sample.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2007
    Publication date: October 9, 2008
    Inventors: Barry H. O'Brien, Paul D. Ritter
  • Publication number: 20080189979
    Abstract: This invention discloses systems and methods for conversion of high moisture waste materials to dry or low moisture products for recycle or reuse. The equipment systems comprise a gas turbine generator unit (preferred heat source), a dryer vessel and a processing unit, wherein the connection between the gas turbine and the dryer vessel directs substantially all the gas turbine exhaust into the dryer vessel and substantially precludes the introduction of air into the dryer vessel and wherein the processing unit forms the dried material from the dryer vessel into granules, pellets or other desired form for the final product. Optionally, the systems and methods further provide for processing ventilation air from manufacturing facilities to reduce emissions therefrom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2007
    Publication date: August 14, 2008
    Applicant: EarthRenew, Inc.
    Inventors: Christianne Carin, Brian N. Gorbell, Alvin W. Fedkenheuer, John S. Jonasson, Alexander Starosud
  • Publication number: 20080127507
    Abstract: A method for drying a wet polymer including a drying carried out in a dryer containing at least heating element inside which a heat-transfer fluid flows, the heat-transfer fluid being low-pressure steam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2005
    Publication date: June 5, 2008
    Applicant: SOLVAY (SOCIETE ANONYME)
    Inventors: Jean-Paul Bindelle, Manuel De Francisco, Stephanie Bodin
  • Patent number: 7360322
    Abstract: A non-contacting conveyance equipment comprises: a body having an end face that opposes an object to be conveyed, and a concave opening formed in the end face and surrounded by a cylindrical inner side wall; and a fluid passageway having a plurality of pairs of spouts to introduce fluid into an inner space of the concave opening in a circumferential direction of the cylindrical inner side wall so as to cause a swirl of fluid within the concave opening, each of the plurality of pairs of spouts being formed on the cylindrical inner side wall symmetrically to a central axis of the concave opening. A plurality of the non-contacting conveyance equipments may be provided on a base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2008
    Assignee: Harmotec Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hitoshi Iwasaka, Hideyuki Tokunaga
  • Patent number: 7350318
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for continuous heat treatment of granulated materials, especially to the crystallization of polymer granulate, such as polyethyleneterephthalate (PET) for example. The device comprises several adjacent fluidization chambers respectively provided with a sieve plate through which a fluidization gas used to fluidize the granulate can be insufflated into the respective chamber from below via a gas inlet, the gas being able to escape via a gas outlet in the top area of the device. The first chamber takes up the greater part of the overall volume of all chambers and neighboring chambers are, respectively, fluidically connected by product throughflow openings in the separating walls arranged therebetween.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2008
    Assignee: Buhler, AG
    Inventors: Christian Dachauer, Camille Borer, Hans Geissbühler
  • Patent number: 7225819
    Abstract: The present invention is a method, apparatus and process for an improved substrate mounting and processing technique for various substrate treatments comprising cleaning, dicing, sawing, polishing, and planarization, among others.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2007
    Inventor: David P Jackson
  • Patent number: 7134222
    Abstract: A transfer apparatus is provided for the transport of transfer objects such as glass substrates or semiconductor devices in which cleanliness and secure transport are of major concern. A plurality of air nozzles inject air through the plurality of air nozzles to hold a transfer object in place above or below the plurality of air nozzles without the plurality of air nozzles making contact with the transfer object. The plurality of air nozzles are positioned perpendicular to the transfer object to stop and/or engage the transfer object in a rest position. The plurality of air nozzles are inclined to a specified angle to move the transferred object in a desired direction. Advantageously, because the transfer object is moved without physical contact between the structure of the air nozzles and the transfer object, the transfer is secure, clean, and efficient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2006
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Geun-Soo An, Gi-Cheon Yoon
  • Patent number: 7024800
    Abstract: This invention discloses systems and methods for conversion of high moisture waste materials to dry or low moisture products for recycle or reuse. The equipment systems comprise a gas turbine generator unit (preferred heat source), a dryer vessel and a processing unit, wherein the connection between the gas turbine and the dryer vessel directs substantially all the gas turbine exhaust into the dryer vessel and substantially precludes the introduction of air into the dryer vessel and wherein the processing unit forms the dried material from the dryer vessel into granules, pellets or other desired form for the final product. Optionally, the systems and methods further provide for processing ventilation air from manufacturing facilities to reduce emissions therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2006
    Assignee: EarthRenew, Inc.
    Inventors: Christianne Carin, legal representative, Alvin W. Fedkenheuer, John S. Jonasson, Alexander Starosud, Brian N. Gorbell, deceased
  • Patent number: 6996918
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for treating a hydrocarbonaceous waste material, in particular a rolling scale slurry and/or grinding slurry, the waste material being heated in a dryer, preferably moving, by the indirect supply of heat, and in the process hydrocarbons, if appropriate together with other volatile components, in particular H2O, being removed. In this process, in the dryer, at low temperature, the hydrocarbons are broken down in a specific way, the hydrocarbons being broken down by chemical and/or radiation means, which effect decomposition of the hydrocarbons of low volatility into highly volatile hydrocarbons, preferably decomposing high molecular weight hydrocarbons into lower molecular weight hydrocarbons, and the hydrocarbons, if appropriate together with the other volatile components in particular together with the H2O, are at least partially discharged, in particular by suction, from the vessel. The invention also relates to a apparatus for treating a hydrocarbonaceous waste material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2006
    Assignee: Voest - Alpine Industrieanlagenbau GmbH & Co.
    Inventors: Werner Bsirske, Andreas Zobernig, Alexander Fleischanderl, Christof Lanzerstorfer
  • Patent number: 6993856
    Abstract: A jet spouted fluidized bed drier is described in which the bottom half of the drier chamber comprises a first lower conical part, and the top half of the drier chamber comprises a second upper conical part surrounding a conical grid located near to the top end of the second part. The drier chamber thus comprises two conical parts connected together at their wide ends. The result of this arrangement is that the collision zone becomes a toroid with an essentially triangular cross-sectional shape defined essentially by the conical internal surface of the top part and the conical outer surface of the conical grid. This revised structural arrangement has been found to be able to process materials which either cannot be processed, or cannot be processed efficiently, with known jet spouted fluidized bed driers. Additionally, this revised structural arrangement has been found to be able to process materials more efficiently, and to a lower desired final liquid content values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2006
    Assignee: Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Natural Resources
    Inventors: Marzouk Benali, Mouloud Amazouz
  • Patent number: 6974505
    Abstract: A cleaning tool for cleaning substrates, comprising a circulation conduit through which is circulated a cleaning liquid or gas. The circulation conduit is disposed in fluid communication with an upstream flow chamber and a downstream cleaning chamber, the cross-sectional area of which cleaning chamber is less than the cross-sectional area of the flow chamber. In use, the cleaning chamber receives a wafer substrate for cleaning of particles or removal of polymer films from the substrate. The smaller cross-sectional area of the cleaning chamber accelerates the flow of a cleaning fluid flowing through the cleaning chamber from the flow chamber. The rapidly-flowing cleaning fluid removes the particles and/or films from the substrate while preventing dropping of the removed particles or re-deposition of the film back onto the substrate. A particle filter may be provided in the circulation conduit downstream of the cleaning chamber for removing the particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2005
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hsin-Ching Shih, Chun-Li Chou, Ming-Hong Hsieh, Hong-J. Tao
  • Patent number: 6941676
    Abstract: Disclosed is a freeze-drying apparatus for foodstuffs, medicaments, etc., wherein liquid material is directly and distributively poured into upright cylindrical tubes, then, in its isolated state from external atmosphere for perfect sterilization, the liquid material is frozen with uniform thickness onto inner wall surface of the tubes, with further possibility of uniform heating of the freeze-dried layer. The main body of this apparatus is constructed with upright cylindrical tubes for freezing liquid material onto inner surface of tubes and jackets to surround the outer periphery of each of the tubes in a substantially concentric cylindrical shape, within which to circulate heat medium; then, a duct communicating to the vacuum exhaust system is connected to the upper end side of these tubes, while, a recovery chamber provided with valve is connected to the lower end side of tubes; and an inlet port is defined for feeding liquid material into inner cavity of tubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2005
    Assignee: Kyowa Vacuum Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiromichi Akimoto, Ryoji Sunama
  • Patent number: 6942887
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for pan roasting a mass of green coffee beans at rest by heat conduction from the pan bottom to the beans mass. A glass cover and smoke filter closes the roasting chamber. A radial blower operates at slow speed to draw ambient air and vacate smoke from the chamber to permit visual monitoring of roasting beans. Periodically, the fan can operate a high speed for a short time to mix or swirl the bean mass without substantial cooling them. The blower can sequence through high and low speed cycles until roasting completes and heating ceases. A high speed cool down phase removes remaining chaff, smoke, and quick cools the beans to preserve freshness. Electric power drives the blower and resistant heating element. The system enables the operator to use appearance, sound, smell, and time to determine roasting completeness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2005
    Inventor: Jeffrey Freedman
  • Patent number: 6910285
    Abstract: This invention provides a dried singulated cellulose pulp fiber product as well as an apparatus and a method for forming singulated and dried fibers. In accordance with the process a feed pulp is delivered to a jet drier. The jet drier singulates and dries the feed pulp. The singulated and dried fibers are collected from the jet drier. The feed pulp may be treated with a treatment substance. The jet drier may be maintained at negative pressure. The product fibers may have low knot count, a low fines count, as well improved kink, curl and twist. The apparatus for carrying out the process may include a pretreatment station for supplying the treatment substance, a pulp feed device designed for pulp, a pulp feed device designed for pulp and foam suspensions, and/or a fiber separation station having a vacuum conveyor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2005
    Assignee: Weyerhaeuser Company
    Inventors: Michael David Vrbanac, Ramon Charles Dezutter, Brian Wester, Michael James Yancey
  • Patent number: 6892475
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a rotating fluidized bed apparatus for powder particle. A gas circulation path is formed at the periphery of the treatment chamber 2 via the circumferential faceplate 202, 212, and the circumferential faceplate is adapted to rotate around an axis. Behavior of powder particles can be controlled by introducing gas from the periphery of the treatment chamber via the circumferential plate 212 to exert centripetal force on the powder particle, while exerting centrifugal force on the powder particles accompanying rotation of the circumferential plate 212.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2005
    Assignee: Nara Machinery Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshihiro Wakamatsu, Satoru Watano
  • Patent number: 6845571
    Abstract: The invention can relate to a fluidized bed apparatus with an integrated spray-drying device and to a method for using the same. The invention also can relate to a method for producing a spray-dried powder material, whose product characteristics can be specifically adapted according to the ulterior use of the material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2005
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Eugen Schwarz, Gernot Moeschl, Hanspeter Ruetzler, Jean-Marc Dutter
  • Publication number: 20040231187
    Abstract: A dehumidification apparatus including an outer tubular container (2) closed at its ends, a first (5) and a second (9) transverse grids located inside the tubular container (2), one grid element being spaced from the other and from a respective adjacent end of the tubular container (2) and delimiting a receiving space therewith, a mass of molecular sieves (MS) located in the receiving space, heating elements (19) in the tubular container (2), and first and second openings (4, 16) for communication of the interior of the container with the outside, characterised in that it comprises an inner tubular jacket (6) extending from at least the first grid (5) for a distance greater than that between the first (5) and the second (9) grid, thereby shaping the receiving space for the sieves (8) as an annular gap and providing a projecting section (6a) extending from the second grid (9); and an annular partition (17) between the outer container (2) and the inner jacket (6) at the projecting section (6a) of the inner jack
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 27, 2004
    Publication date: November 25, 2004
    Applicant: Moretto Plastics Automation SRL
    Inventor: Renato Moretto
  • Publication number: 20040194337
    Abstract: Apparatus (1) is provided for passing a fluid through a solid material (5). Apparatus (1) has an enclosure (2) with an upper part (7) in which the solid material is received. The solid material flows downward through one or more passages (13) which extend between end walls (11 and 12). Opposing sides of the or each passage are formed by side plates (14, 15) of fluid inlet and outled ducts (9, 10). The side plates are perforated so that fluid can pass transversely through the solid material flowing through each passage. The inlet and outlet ducts (9 and 10) have inlet parts (16 and 17) respectively, outside the enclosure. Solid material arrives at a lower part (8) of the enclosure and then leaves the enclosure. The apparatus (1) can be made compactly for the degree of fluid/solid contact provided. It is applicable to many applications such as drying of solids, heat exchange between fluids and solids, dust removal from gases, chemical reactors and humidifying/dehumidifying of fluids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 24, 2003
    Publication date: October 7, 2004
    Inventors: Giacomo Salvatore Gasparini, Giovanni Barbieri
  • Publication number: 20040194338
    Abstract: Conventional spray-drying methods are improved by incorporation of a pressure nozzle and a diffuser plate to improve the flow of drying gas and a drying chamber extension to increase drying time, such improvements leading to the formation of homogeneous solid dispersions of drugs in concentration-enhancing polymers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2004
    Publication date: October 7, 2004
    Applicant: Pfizer Inc
    Inventors: Ronald A. Beyerinck, Heather L. M. Diebele, Dan E. Dobry, Roderick J. Ray, Dana M. Settell, Ken R. Spence
  • Publication number: 20040168342
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a rotating fluidized bed apparatus for powder particle. A gas circulation path is formed at the periphery of the treatment chamber 2 via the circumferential faceplate 202, 212, and the circumferential faceplate is adapted to rotate around an axis. Behavior of powder particles can be controlled by introducing gas from the periphery of the treatment chamber via the circumferential plate 212 to exert centripetal force on the powder particle, while exerting centrifugal force on the powder particles accompanying rotation of the circumferential plate 212.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 8, 2004
    Publication date: September 2, 2004
    Inventors: Yoshihiro Wakamatsu, Satoru Watano
  • Patent number: 6770315
    Abstract: A roaster for roasting coffee beans includes a roasting chamber having a top and a bottom for holding coffee beans when the beans are being roasted, a cover seated on the top of the roasting chamber and a base on which the bottom of the roasting chamber is seated. A device is provided in the base for supplying airflow into the roasting chamber. A controller controls the airflow supplying device to generate a roasting temperature inside the roasting chamber that tracks a predetermined temperature curve. The temperature curve includes a first stage in which the roasting temperature is set to a first predetermined level for a first predetermined time period, and a second stage in which the roasting temperature is set to a second predetermined level that is higher than the first predetermined level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2004
    Assignee: Hearthware Home Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Jung S. Moon, Rong Liu, Kitak Chae, Jongrok Kim
  • Patent number: 6754979
    Abstract: An apparatus (1) is proposed for drying and heat-treating pellets with a stream of inert gas, wherein the apparatus has a cuboid base unit (2) with a feed (3) for the pellets in its upper part and an outlet (4) in its lower part, with a feed (5) on one lateral surface and with an exhaust base (6) on the opposite lateral surface of the cuboid base unit (2) for the stream of inert gas, and also with distribution and retention equipment (7, 8) in the region of the feed (5) and, respectively, of the exhaust (6) for the stream of inert gas, where each of these extends essentially over the entire vertical cross section of the cuboid base unit (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2004
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Alfons Ludwig, Ragnhild Pille, Gunter Pipper
  • Publication number: 20040118007
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus are provided for making particles comprising: (a) spraying an emulsion, solution, or suspension, which comprises a solvent and a bulk material (e.g., a pharmaceutical agent), through an atomizer and into a primary drying chamber, having a drying gas flowing therethrough, to form droplets comprising the solvent and bulk material dispersed in the drying gas; (b) evaporating, in the primary drying chamber, at least a portion of the solvent into the drying gas to solidify the droplets and form particles dispersed in drying gas; and (c) flowing the particles and at least a portion of the drying gas through a jet mill to deagglomerate or grind the particles. By coupling spray drying with “in-line” jet milling, a single step process is created from two separate unit operations, and an additional collection step is advantageously eliminated. The one-step, in-line process has further advantages in time and cost of processing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2002
    Publication date: June 24, 2004
    Applicant: ACUSPHERE, INC.
    Inventors: Donald E. Chickering, Sridhar Narasimhan, David Altreuter, Paul Kopesky, Mark Keegan, Julie A. Straub, Howard Bernstein
  • Publication number: 20040098877
    Abstract: A continuous gravity flow apparatus for heating and/or drying of particulate material is vertically disposed and is provided with an inlet at the top and an outlet at the bottom. The apparatus includes a flow passage for the particulate material which is defined between an outer housing and an inner housing. Each of the outer and inner housing defines perforated wall sections allowing for the flow of hot gas through the wall of one housing, into contact with the particulate material, and then out through the wall of the other housing. Manifolds are associated with the outer and inner housings to provide for uniform flow of the gas through the material. The perforated wall sections are positioned and designed to enhance particle-to-particle movement of the material to thereby avoid particle sticking and bridging problems.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2002
    Publication date: May 27, 2004
    Inventors: Charles L. Stock, Peder K. Langsetmo, Gregory J. Kimball, David L. Phillips
  • Patent number: 6732454
    Abstract: A system for removing from a particle mass a liquid permeating the particle mass includes a vaporizing stage having a space wherein the pressure is less than the pressure of the particle mass. As the particle mass enters the vaporizing stage, the lower pressure causes much of the liquid to vaporize. Once vaporized, the vapor can be removed with a pump. A first stripping stage receives the particle mass from the first stage at a first particle inlet port and discharges the particle mass at a first particle outlet port. A first stripping gas inlet near the first particle outlet port of the first stripping stage injects an inert stripping gas into the particle mass. The inert gas mixes with remaining elements of the liquid and any entrained gas formed by the liquid, and the mixture is discharged at a gas outlet near the first particle outlet port. A second stripping stage having construction and operation different from the first stripping stage may receive the particle mass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2004
    Assignee: Crown Iron Works Company
    Inventors: George E. Anderson, Daniel D. Anderson, Richard W. Ozer, Floyd C. Teeter, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20040049941
    Abstract: A method of drying wet toner particles includes adding different sized wet toner particles to a dryer drying chamber and drying each of the wet toner particles for a drying time TD. The drying time TD can vary for each toner particle and is proportional to the mass of the wet toner particle. The method can also include introducing a heated drying gas into the drying chamber to create a circulating flow of drying gas having a curved portion, and retaining the toner particles in the circulating flow until the toner particles lose enough moisture that exiting forces overcome centrifugal forces and the toner particles no longer remain in the drying chamber. A dryer for drying toner particles includes a drying chamber, at least one drying gas inlet for introducing heated drying gas into the drying chamber to produce a circulating flow of drying gas. The dryer includes a feed inlet for introducing wet toner particles into the circulating flow of drying gas to dry the wet toner particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2002
    Publication date: March 18, 2004
    Applicant: XEROX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Steven M. Malachowski, Chieh-Min Cheng
  • Publication number: 20040025370
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for generating gas for a processing system is provided. In one embodiment, an apparatus for generating gas for a processing system includes an unitary, isolatable, transportable canister having a plurality of first spacing elements, a plurality of second spacing elements and a solid material disposed within the canister. The spacing elements have different mean diameters. The solid material is adapted to produce a gas vapor when exposed to a temperature above a predetermined level at a predetermined pressure. In another embodiment, an apparatus for generating gas includes a gas source coupled to a processing chamber by a first gas line. A canister is coupled in-line with the first gas line and contains a solid material that produces a process gas when heated. A heater is disposed between the gas source and the canister to heat gas flowing into the canister.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2002
    Publication date: February 12, 2004
    Applicant: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventor: Rolf A. Guenther
  • Publication number: 20030230004
    Abstract: A batch fluid bed processing machine for processing products. The batch fluid bed processing machine has a container and a gas source coupled to a first end of the container. An expansion chamber is coupled to a second end of the container. An expansion funnel having a second open end is coupled to an interface between the expansion chamber and the container. A column is mounted in the container between the expansion funnel and the gas source. A gas stream is passed from the gas source and through the container. Products may be coated or dryed in the gas stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2003
    Publication date: December 18, 2003
    Applicant: Boehringer Ingelheim pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    Inventors: Anne Marie Borsavage, Michael L. Cappola, George W. Gereg
  • Patent number: 6612049
    Abstract: The preheater and dryer device has a housing and a first collector is disposed inside the housing. A feeding device extends into the housing and contains a material to be dried and preheated. A movable and hollow central conduit extends from the upper end of the housing to a bottom portion of the first collector. The central conduit carries a hot and dry air into the housing. A first and a second conical shield are attached to the central conduit. The central conduit is movable between a first open position and a second closed position. The second conical shield is tightly held against the first collector to close the bottom opening thereof when the central conduit is in the second closed position and the second conical shield is separated from the first collector when the central conduit is in the first open position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2003
    Inventor: Roland Lofgren
  • Publication number: 20030159311
    Abstract: A grain drier comprises two main bodies and a rocking device for actuating the main bodies to rock. The main bodies are mounted on a stand and are provided in the hollow interior with a plurality of bellows-like devices, with each having a hot air admitting port and a plurality of air holes for circulating the hot air stream so as to effect the process of drying the grain deposited on the outer side surface of the slantingly-arranged bellows-like device. The rocking device is fastened with the stand.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2002
    Publication date: August 28, 2003
    Inventor: Chun-Chien Yu
  • Patent number: 6607768
    Abstract: Coffee beans and the like are roasted in an enclosed, pressurized roaster under conditions which provide rapid heat transfer and close control of roasting time-temperature profiles. The roasting chamber desirably has a bottom screen, a top screen and a shutter adapted to momentarily occlude flow through the various portions of the top screen. Roasting gas passes upwardly through the beans, entrains some of the beans and forces them against the top screen. The beans drop back into the chamber when the shutter occludes a particular portion of the top screen holding the beans. Time-temperature profiles can be controlled by monitoring process conditions such as inlet and outlet gas enthalpies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2003
    Assignee: Praxis Werke, Inc.
    Inventor: Joachim Eichner
  • Publication number: 20030140520
    Abstract: A system for removing from a particle mass a liquid permeating the particle mass includes a vaporizing stage having a space wherein the pressure is less than the pressure of the particle mass. As the particle mass enters the vaporizing stage, the lower pressure causes much of the liquid to vaporize. Once vaporized, the vapor can be removed with a pump. A first stripping stage receives the particle mass from the first stage at a first particle inlet port and discharges the particle mass at a first particle outlet port. A first stripping gas inlet near the first particle outlet port of the first stripping stage injects an inert stripping gas into the particle mass. The inert gas mixes with remaining elements of the liquid and any entrained gas formed by the liquid, and the mixture is discharged at a gas outlet near the first particle outlet port. A second stripping stage having construction and operation different from the first stripping stage may receive the particle mass.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2002
    Publication date: July 31, 2003
    Inventors: George E. Anderson, Daniel D. Anderson, Richard W. Ozer, Floyd C. Teeter
  • Publication number: 20030121172
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for the purging of excess hydrocarbons or monomer from polymer materials using a settled bed non-fluidized conditioning vessel having an internal gas distribution system which insures uniform gas distribution within the vessel and solids bed and provides for mass flow of solids. The gas distributor consists of several pipes or distribution legs configured parallel to the converging hopper walls of the vessel, having gas injection ports along their axial length. The injection ports are located so that the gas is evenly distributed across the cross section of the vessel at the level of the port. The size of the ports may be varied along with the spacing between ports such that specified pressure drops occur across any cross section of the vessel. The invention may be applied externally to a vessel such that the gas distribution legs enter through the vessel walls, or inserted entirely within the vessel, or even attached to the internal walls.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 28, 2001
    Publication date: July 3, 2003
    Inventor: Thomas W. Kay
  • Patent number: 6584701
    Abstract: A system for drying particulate material in a drying hopper (DH) has a plurality of gas flow paths, one (FP1) of which extends from a compressed gas inlet (16) to a first sub-system (SS1) that includes a membrane dryer(MD) and a heater (EH′), whereby dried and heated gas is supplied to a lower portion (36) of the hopper, and another (FP2) of which extends from the inlet (16) to a second sub-system (SS2) that includes a mixing device (30) and a heater (EH). The mixing device uses compressed gas to induce a flow of gas from the hopper and mixes the compressed gas with gas withdrawn from the hopper. The mixed gases are heated and supplied to a second portion (34) of the hopper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Assignee: Novatec, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert W. Brown, John W. Doub, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20030093916
    Abstract: This invention provides a dried singulated cellulose pulp fiber product as well as an apparatus and a method for forming singulated and dried fibers. In accordance with the process a feed pulp is delivered to a jet drier. The jet drier singulates and dries the feed pulp. The singulated and dried fibers are collected from the jet drier. The feed pulp may be treated with a treatment substance. The jet drier may be maintained at negative pressure. The product fibers may have low knot count, a low fines count, as well improved kink, curl and twist. The apparatus for carrying out the process may include a pretreatment station for supplying the treatment substance, a pulp feed device designed for pulp, a pulp feed device designed for pulp and foam suspensions, and/or a fiber separation station having a vacuum conveyor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2002
    Publication date: May 22, 2003
    Inventors: Michael David Vrbanac, Ramon Charles Dezutter, Brian Wester, Michael James Yancey
  • Patent number: 6558726
    Abstract: A roasting apparatus for roasting nuts, cocoa beans, coffee beans, and other small food stuffs comprising a base, a motor and afterburner assembly attached to the top of the base on one side thereof, a roasting assembly attached to the top of the base on the other side thereof, and a top cover assembly removably attached to the tops of the motor and afterburner assembly, and the roasting assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2003
    Assignee: The Metal Ware Corporation
    Inventors: Chad S. Erickson, Wesley C. Drumm
  • Publication number: 20030070318
    Abstract: A bottom element for a device for treating particulate has a two-dimensional body having numerous apertures. Means for imposing to a treatment medium passing said bottom are provided. Said bottom being designed as blade-shaped body, said apertures being designed as slots, said slots being generated by a removal of material from said plate-shaped body. Said slots having side walls sloping towards a plane of said body. For facilitating a cleaning of said bottom said side walls of said slots further consecutively tapers to a direction of a side of said bottom a particulate material rests.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2002
    Publication date: April 17, 2003
    Inventors: Thomas Werner, Martin Gross
  • Publication number: 20030037459
    Abstract: Improved spray drying apparati, and methods of use thereof, have been developed. The spray drying equipment includes a primary drying chamber and a secondary drying apparatus which includes tubing having a length sufficient to increase the contact time between the drying gas and the droplets/particles to dry the particles to the extent desired, at a drying rate and temperature which would be too low to provide adequate drying without the secondary drying apparatus. The secondary drying apparatus increases the drying efficiency of the spray dryer system without increasing the drying rate, while minimizing loss in yield. Te secondary drying apparatus can include multiple secondary apparati, which are independently controlled for temperature and/or have different dimensions (cross-sectional areas and/or lengths), to allow for optimization of drying conditions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2001
    Publication date: February 27, 2003
    Applicant: Acusphere, Inc.
    Inventors: Donald E. Chickering, Mark J. Keegan, Greg Randall, Howard Bernstein, Julie Straub