Method Patents (Class 366/348)
  • Patent number: 10866164
    Abstract: A biodegradable sampling bag for containing samples or the like, comprises a flexible enclosure defining a chamber adapted to contain therein the sample, the flexible enclosure being made of a plastic material, which contains an additive that renders the flexible enclosure biodegradable when exposed for a sufficient period of time to microbial action. The additive is adapted to enable microorganisms to metabolize the molecular structure of said flexible enclosure. The additive is effective in altering the polymer chain of the plastic material to allow microbial action of a suitable environment to colonize in and around the plastic material, whereby microbes can then form a biofilm on a surface of the flexible enclosure and secrete acids which break down the entire polymer chain. The flexible enclosure, when exposed to microbial action, is adapted to withstand biodegradation for a given period of time, typically of at least three months.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2020
    Assignee: LABPLAS INC.
    Inventors: May L. Scally, Shoreh Parandoosh, Danielle Lafond
  • Patent number: 10850275
    Abstract: A microfluidic diagnostic chip may, in an example, include a number of microfluidic channels defined in a substrate each microfluidic channel fluidly coupled to at least one fluidic slot; the at least one fluidic slot to receive a number of fluids, and a number of gold sensors each gold sensor having a thickness of between 1500 and 5000 angstroms (?).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Sadiq Bengali, Manish Giri
  • Patent number: 10300409
    Abstract: Initial liquid containing fine bubbles is produced by mixing water and air (step S11). Fine bubbles have diameters of less than 1 ?m. The density of bubbles in the initial liquid is measured (step S13), and when the measured density is less than a target density (step S14), the initial liquid is heated and reduced in pressure so that the liquid is vaporized (step S15). As a volume of the liquid decreases, the density of fine bubbles increases, and high-density fine bubble-containing liquid is easily obtained. Alternatively, by increasing the density of fine bubbles in the initial liquid with using a filter that does not pass all fine bubbles, high-density fine bubble-containing liquid is easily acquired (step S15). When the density of bubbles in the initial liquid is greater than the target density, the initial liquid is diluted (step S16).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: IDEC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hideaki Kobayashi, Masakazu Kashiwa
  • Patent number: 9764254
    Abstract: Initial liquid containing fine bubbles is produced by mixing water and air (step S11). Fine bubbles have diameters of less than 1 ?m. The density of bubbles in the initial liquid is measured (step S13), and when the measured density is less than a target density (step S14), the initial liquid is heated and reduced in pressure so that the liquid is vaporized (step S15). As a volume of the liquid decreases, the density of fine bubbles increases, and high-density fine bubble-containing liquid is easily obtained. Alternatively, by increasing the density of fine bubbles in the initial liquid with using a filter that does not pass all fine bubbles, high-density fine bubble-containing liquid is easily acquired (step S15). When the density of bubbles in the initial liquid is greater than the target density, the initial liquid is diluted (step S16).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Assignee: IDEC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hideaki Kobayashi, Masakazu Kashiwa
  • Patent number: 9101891
    Abstract: The present invention is to provide a circulating-type dispersing system (1) and method for uniformly, effectively, and repeatedly dispersing a large amount of a mixture, and to thereby obtain a processed mixture in a short time. The circulating-type dispersing system (1) for circulating and dispersing a slurry or liquid mixture comprises a device (3) for continuously dispersing the mixture, a first tank (4) connected to an outlet of the device (3) for continuously dispersing, a second tank (5) connected to an inlet of the device (3) for continuously dispersing, piping (6) that connects the device (3) for continuously dispersing, the first tank (4) and the second tank (5) in series and formed as a circle, and an adjusting valve (7) provided on the piping (6) between the first tank (4) and the second tank (5) for adjusting the levels of the mixture in the first and second tanks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignee: SINTOKOGIO, LTD.
    Inventor: Katsuaki Odagi
  • Patent number: 8998483
    Abstract: A method of manipulating particles suspended within a fluid droplet using a microfluidic system including a piezo-electric substrate (1) and a wave generation means (3) for generating a wave within the piezoelectric substrate (1), and a working surface (2) through which the wave can be distributed and upon which fluid droplets (9) can be located, the method including locating one or more droplets of fluid on the working surface (2), varying the power applied to the wave generation means (3) or varying the distribution of the wave across the working surface (2), such that particles (1 1) suspended within the fluid droplet (9) are either dispersed within the droplet or concentrated in an area within the droplet in dependence on the power or wave distribution applied by the wave generation means (3) to the piezoelectric substrate (1), or to facilitate rotation of the fluid within said fluid droplets (9) located jn the path of the wave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Royal Melbourne Institute Technology
    Inventors: James Robert Friend, Leslie Yu-Ming Yeo
  • Patent number: 8992073
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is disclosed for maintaining fluid in suspension in a mixing tank including particles includes providing a reversible mixer, rotating the mixer in a normal direction in which particles buildup on the mixer, and, rotating the mixer in an abnormal direction to shed the particles from the mixer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Milton Roy Mixing
    Inventors: Didier Lefebvre, Gael Poulleau, Antoine Godde
  • Patent number: 8992679
    Abstract: Dry construction pellets that may be made by mixing predetermined portions of two or more components of cementitious materials without ingredients that would allow the mixture to cure, and separating the un-curable mixture of the two or more components into a plurality of pellets, each having substantially the predetermined portions of the two or more components. An extrusion system may include a transport line configured to transport the dry pellets in a gaseous transport stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: University of Southern California
    Inventor: Behrokh Khoshnevis
  • Publication number: 20150048529
    Abstract: The Process of Dissolving Air through Pressure/cooling, Into a Fuel Containment (Fuel Tank) Device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventor: Matthew S. Jones
  • Publication number: 20150045250
    Abstract: A method of stirring a test substance-containing solution injected into an analysis chip, wherein said analysis chip includes a recess to which said test substance-containing solution is injected; and a selective binding substance, which selectively binds to said test substance, is immobilized on the entirety or a part of the bottom surface of said recess, said method including injecting said test substance-containing solution to the space in said recess of said analysis chip such that said space is partially left unfilled; and rotating said analysis chip to which said test substance-containing solution is injected applying a centrifugal acceleration of not less than 1×g.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Toshihiko Kuroda, Hitoshi Nobumasa
  • Patent number: 8894271
    Abstract: A method for disposing of solid refinery waste is disclosed. The method includes removing solid waste constituents from inside a refinery tank using excavating machinery, delumping the solid waste constituents, and conveying the delumped solid waste constituents into a mobile tank. The method further includes transporting the delumped solid waste constituents in the mobile tank to a burning facility, adding at least one diluent, mixing, and pumping from the mobile tank a flowable mixture of refinery waste and the at least one diluent at the burning facility.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: The Maitland Company
    Inventor: Robert M. Rumph
  • Patent number: 8894274
    Abstract: Described is a method of reducing liquid composition errors in a low-pressure mixing pump system. Packets representing the switching intervals of each component of the desired fluid mixture are provided to an intake of the mixing pump system. For each packet, a switching time associated with at least one of the components in the packet is modulated. Modulated switching times are based on time offsets that are specifically selected according to the undesirable frequency characteristic of an intake response of the mixing pump system. The average of the volumes contributed by the packets thus modulated is equal to a component volume that achieves a desired proportion of the component in the output flow of the mixing pump system. Modulated switching times enable the reduction or elimination of composition error in the output flow of the mixing pump system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Waters Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Joshua A. Shreve, Steven J. Ciavarini
  • Patent number: 8894273
    Abstract: A device and method are provided for manipulating petroleum, non-conventional oil and other viscous complex fluids made of hydrocarbons that comprise enforcement of fluid in a multi-stage flow-through hydrodynamic cavitational reactor, subjecting said fluids to a controlled cavitation and continuing the application of such cavitation for a period of time sufficient for obtaining desired changes in physical properties and/or chemical composition and generating the upgraded products. The method includes alteration of chemical bonds, induction of interactions of components, changes in composition, heterogeneity and rheological characteristics in order to facilitate handling, improve yields of distillate fuels and optimize other properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Inventors: Roman Gordon, Igor Gorodnitsky, Maxim Promtov, Varvara Grichko
  • Publication number: 20140335238
    Abstract: A pouch for dispensing of a usable liquid comprises at least first and second compartments, the first and second compartments separated from each other by a first rupturable seal; which ruptures upon application of a force so that the first and second compartments are in communication with each other. The first compartment has a fill port with a tamperproof seal and is either empty or contains a gas such as air or an inert gas. The second compartment has at least a first material therein to be mixed with one or more liquids to be introduced into the first compartment via the fill port to form the usable liquid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 27, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: teVenti, LLC
    Inventor: Charles H. JONES
  • Publication number: 20140334252
    Abstract: The invention is related to a multi-chamber mixing container comprising an introversion container, a withdrawal container and various optionally present intermediate containers, furthermore a device for the reception and use of the multi-chamber mixing container and methods for mixing liquids or liquids and solids under aseptic conditions in the multi-chamber mixing container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2012
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: B. Braun Melsungen AG
    Inventors: Ralf Harand, Volker Krueger, Joachim Beine, Sandra Vonhof
  • Publication number: 20140307519
    Abstract: A method and system for magnetic actuated mixing which use magnetic particles and electromagnetic field to facilitate the mixing. The method and system use magnetic particles and a generated electromagnetic field to facilitate the milling as well. The method and system can be used in any application that requires the preparation of small-sized particles at either the micro or nano scale, including for example, preparing toners, inks, wax, pigment dispersions and the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2013
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: XEROX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yu Liu, Frank Ping-Hay Lee, Ke Zhou, Yulin Wang
  • Publication number: 20140286124
    Abstract: A reagent manager for a diagnostic analyzer system includes a reagent manager housing, a high-speed reagent bottle spinning device, a processor, and a memory. The reagent manager housing is for housing reagent bottles. The high-speed reagent bottle spinning device is disposed within the reagent manager housing for spinning at least one of the reagent bottles. The processor is in electronic communication with the high-speed reagent bottle spinning device. The memory is in electronic communication with the processor. The memory includes programming code for execution by the processor. The programming code is configured to spin the high-speed reagent bottle spinning device to spin the at least one reagent bottle to remove microparticles from a bottom surface of a septum of the at least one reagent bottle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventors: Joseph P. Donohue, Surya Pratap Rai
  • Publication number: 20140247689
    Abstract: Hydrogen molecule (H2) has been indicated as a novel anti-oxidant reagent specifically targeting OH free radicals. This invention discloses the methods and apparatus that can be used to increase the hydrogen concentration in water, in beverages, and in other hydrogen absorbing materials through a sealed hydrogen gas producing chamber made of materials that have good hydrogen permeability and can withhold gas pressure. The disclosed method and apparatus can increase the hydrogen concentration quickly without leaking other chemical by-products of the gas producing system into the treated materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2014
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Applicant: Centaqua Inc.
    Inventors: Meiling Wang, Lili Huang
  • Patent number: 8790003
    Abstract: The invention relates to the use of an apparatus for adding at least one solid or viscous liquid additive, or an additive dispersed in solvent, to a reactor interior of a reactor for preparing crosslinked, finely divided polymers by copolymerizing (a) water-soluble, monoethylenically unsaturated monomers and (b) from 0.001 to 5 mol %, based on the monomers (a), of monomers comprising at least two polymerizable groups, (c) from 0 to 20 mol %, based on the monomers (a), of water-insoluble monoethylenically unsaturated monomers, where the apparatus comprises at least one screw for conveying the at least one additive and the at least one screw ends in an addition orifice substantially flush with the inner wall of the reactor interior.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Annemarie Hillebrecht, Uwe Stueven, Leo Van Miert, Dominicus van Esbroeck, Bernd Brian, Siegfried Chszaniecki
  • Patent number: 8777479
    Abstract: A system for use in bone cement preparation can include a chamber for intermixing a liquid monomer and solid polymer components, a container, a vacuum channel, and a filter. The mixing chamber can be configured to hold a non-liquid, polymer powder component of a bone cement. The container can be configured to hold a liquid component of the bone cement. The system can have a first interface disposed between the mixing chamber and the container and a second interface disposed between the mixing chamber and the vacuum channel. The second interface can to receive and position the filter between the mixing chamber and the vacuum channel. The vacuum channel can direct a partial vacuum to draw the liquid component from the container into the non-liquid component in the mixing chamber to intermix the components and to thereby provide a settable bone cement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: DFINE, Inc.
    Inventors: Harry Kwan, Andrew Kohm, Csaba Truckai
  • Publication number: 20140177378
    Abstract: A system and method for providing a plurality of diluted solutions are disclosed. Successive dilution operations are performed upon mixing vessels substantially simultaneously. Measured source volumes of a source solution are placed into the mixing vessels. First measured volumes of a liquid are added to the mixing vessels. Measured first waste volumes are dispensed from the mixing vessels. Second measured volumes of the liquid are added to the mixing vessels. Measured second waste volumes are dispensed from the mixing vessels. Third measured volumes of the liquid are added to the mixing vessels. Each vessel has an individual target dilution ratio. Measured volumes and number of dilution operations are individual to each of the mixing vessels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: INTERMOLECULAR, INC.
    Inventors: Satbir Kahlon, Jeffrey Chih-Hou Lowe, Wen Guang David Yu
  • Patent number: 8746965
    Abstract: Methods are provided for achieving dynamic mixing of two or more fluid streams using a mixing device. The methods include providing at least two integrated concentric contours that are configured to simultaneously direct fluid flow and transform the kinetic energy level of the first and second fluid streams, and directing fluid flow through the at least two integrated concentric contours such that, in two adjacent contours, the first and second fluid streams are input in opposite directions. As a result, the physical effects acting on each stream of each contour are combined, increasing the kinetic energy of the mix and transforming the mix from a first kinetic energy level to a second kinetic energy level, where the second kinetic energy level is greater than the first kinetic energy level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Turbulent Energy, LLC
    Inventors: David Livshits, Lester Teichner
  • Patent number: 8734003
    Abstract: A method comprising, providing a droplet having a first chemical species and a second chemical species on a substrate, and applying a voltage across the droplet to physically repeatedly deform the droplet. In this embodiment, the applying causes the droplet to move with respect to an object located therein and at least partially mix the first chemical species and the second chemical species.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Alcatel Lucent
    Inventors: Joanna Aizenberg, Paul Robert Kolodner, Thomas Nikita Krupenkin
  • Publication number: 20140140166
    Abstract: A container has elastomeric sheets defining a periphery with four sides. A seal extends about the periphery defining a closed chamber. A separator extends across the closed chamber dividing the closed chamber into a first compartment and a second compartment. The separator includes a rod for wrapping the sheets around the rod to define a dividing portion. A retainer clip presents an inner wall clamped about the dividing portion providing an impermeable closure between the sheets. The sheets define at least two aligned and spaced pockets separated by a gap whereby removing the rod from the retainer clip and inserting the rod into the pockets extending across the gap and clamping the retainer clip over the rod to define a handle. The present invention also includes a method for mixing a first component and a second component in the container and releasing the components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Inventors: Ronald Keith Smith, Matthew Scott Peterson
  • Publication number: 20140134623
    Abstract: Provided herein, are droplet mixture compositions and systems and methods for forming mixtures of droplets. The system may comprise two or more droplet generation units. Each unit may include at least one first input well, a second input well, and an output well connected to the first and second input wells by channels that form a droplet generator. The combined droplet populations can be mixed, heated, and collected for multiple uses, such as for use as calibration standards for instrument testing and analysis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 19, 2013
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Inventors: Amy Hiddessen, Erin Steenblock
  • Patent number: 8721162
    Abstract: A method of controlling an integrated beverage system that comprises a dispensing module that dispenses one or more ingredients into a beverage container and a blending/mixing module that blends and/or mixes the ingredients in the beverage container, the method comprising: controlling the dispensing module and the blending/mixing module to prepare first and second beverages concurrently or sequentially.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Enodis Corporation
    Inventors: Jan Claesson, William E. Smith, Roberto Nevarez
  • Patent number: 8721166
    Abstract: A method of evacuating a refinery tank containing waste with solid constituents is disclosed. The method includes inserting an agitator on a boom through a first opening on a side of the refinery tank and agitating waste in a first area of the refinery tank to cause the waste in the first area to have a first viscosity lower than a second viscosity of waste in a second area at a periphery of the first area. The method further includes removing agitated waste from the first area while maintaining the waste of the second viscosity in the second area, thereby forming a safe room in the refinery tank. The method also includes expanding the first opening toward the floor of the safe room to enable entry of a movable excavator into the safe room of the refinery tank and removing waste of the second viscosity from the second area of the refinery tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: The Maitland Company
    Inventor: Robert M. Rumph
  • Publication number: 20140104977
    Abstract: There is provided a method and apparatus for indirect magnetic treatment of fluids/gases, where a magnetic or electromagnetic field having a certain dimension, geometry and flux density is, in a first step, applied to a working fluid/gas to obtain the directly magnetized fluid/gas. Then the directly magnetized fluid/gas is used in a second step as a magnetizer or a magnetic treating agent for magnetizing indirectly the normal non-magnetized fluid/gas by mixing the directly magnetized fluid/gas and normal non-magnetized fluid/gas in accordance with a predetermined mixing ratio and mixing method between the directly magnetized fluid/gas and normal non-magnetized working fluid/gas. Afterwards, the resultant mixed or indirectly-magnetized fluid/gas is used in the proper application directly or stored in a storage tank for later use.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2012
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: PROFESSIONALS FOR ENERGY-ENVIRONMENT AND WATER SOLUTIONS LTD. CO.
    Inventor: Zaer Abo-Hammour
  • Patent number: 8690418
    Abstract: A method of mixing including providing a flexible container which comprises at least two components, assembling the components from outside the flexible container to form a centrally disposed magnetic driven shaft with at least one impeller, whereby the integrity of the flexible container is maintained, filling the flexible container having the centrally disposed magnetic driven shaft with one or more ingredients of the contents to be mixed; engaging a magnetic element of the centrally disposed magnetic driven shaft with an external magnetic drive element; analyzing the contents of the flexible container using at least one sensor or a sampling line on the flexible container; and draining the contents of the flexible container through a drain port at the bottom of the flexible container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Sartorius Stedim Biotech GmbH
    Inventors: Jens Ludwig, Oscar-Werner Reif, Gerhard Greller, Wolfgang Kahlert, Guenther Pradel, Michael Bates, Magail Barbaroux, Stephane Baud, Isabelle Gay, Sebastian Chaussin
  • Patent number: 8663918
    Abstract: A method for preparing a sample by utilizing a shearing force in the presence of a size stabilizer to break apart the sample to obtain nucleic acid molecules in a usable size range. Once nucleic acid molecules are obtained, magnetic entanglement particles are used to concentrate and clean the nucleic acid molecules for further testing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Integrated Nano-Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Dennis M. Connolly, Charles DeBoer, Vera Tannous, Christopher Kilcoin, Konstantin Aptekarev, David B. Bailey, Richard S. Murante
  • Patent number: 8641264
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for producing paint and a system for producing paint, which enable, in a paint-producing process, moderate stirring and dispersive mixing without causing entrainment of air bubbles, and are also economically advantageous and easier to clean. The system includes a tank 2 for receiving a paint material to be mixed and dispersed, a pump 3 for sucking part of the paint material in the tank 2 and discharging the sucked paint material into the remaining part of the paint material in the tank 2, and a flow path reduction area 5 disposed between the pump 3 and a paint material discharge outlet 4, the discharge outlet 4 being positioned so as to be submerged in the paint material in the tank. This achieves the stirring, mixing, and dispersion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Kansai Paint Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hidenori Sawada, Masahiko Hiraki
  • Patent number: 8622609
    Abstract: Described is a method of reducing liquid composition errors in a low-pressure mixing pump system. Packets representing the switching intervals of each component of the desired fluid mixture are provided to an intake of the mixing pump system. For each packet, a switching time associated with at least one of the components in the packet is modulated. Modulated switching times are based on time offsets that are specifically selected according to the undesirable frequency characteristic of an intake response of the mixing pump system. The average of the volumes contributed by the packets thus modulated is equal to a component volume that achieves a desired proportion of the component in the output flow of the mixing pump system. Modulated switching times enable the reduction or elimination of composition error in the output flow of the mixing pump system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Waters Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Joshua A. Shreve, Steven J. Ciavarini
  • Patent number: 8622608
    Abstract: A method for mixing a drilling fluid formulation that includes establishing a flow path for a base fluid, adding drilling fluid additives to the base fluid to create a mixture, aerating the mixture of base fluid and drilling fluid additives, and injecting a compressible driving fluid into the mixture of base fluid and drilling fluid additives to form a mixed drilling fluid is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: M-I L.L.C.
    Inventors: Richard Bingham, Diana Garcia
  • Publication number: 20130336085
    Abstract: An improved mixing bottle comprised of at least two chambers, a top chamber and a bottom chamber. Said chambers may be separated from one another, on the outside, by a freshness seal and, on the inside, by a permeable membrane. The top chamber interior will contain a wide mouth funnel with a wide end and a narrow end. While the freshness seal is still in tact, the narrower end of the funnel may point towards the bottom chamber and be situated somewhere just above the permeable membrane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2012
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Inventors: Michael Drake, Daniella Drake
  • Patent number: 8609737
    Abstract: A process for preparing an emulsion is disclosed comprising: injecting a first liquid as dispersed phase liquid through a central inlet of a microchannel system with a cross junction geometry chip and injecting a second liquid as continuous phase liquid through the outer cross inlet, which continuous phase liquid does not instantly mix with said injected first liquid prior to the cross junction, wherein the flow rate QC of the continuous phase in cubic meters per second is given by Q C = f × A ? ? ? ? d , where A is the exit area of the microchannel in square meters, ? the interfacial tension between the first liquid and the second liquid in Newtons per meter and ?d the viscosity of the dispersed phase in Pascal-seconds, characterized in that f is in the range from 0.04 to 0.25.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Technische Universiteit Eindhoven
    Inventors: Robin Bruijn De, John Van Der Schaaf, Narendra Patil, Jaap Schouten
  • Patent number: 8585280
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a microfluid mixer includes pouring a ceramic precursor into a first mold, a second mold and a third mold. The first mold forms a base plate, the second mold forms a top plate, and the third mold forms a first plate. The ceramic precursors are gelled in the first mold, the second mold and the third mold to form a green base plate, a green top plate and a green first plate. The plates are removed from the respective molds. The green base plate, the green top plate, and the green first plate are co-fired to form a ceramic base plate, a ceramic top plate and a ceramic first plate. The ceramic base plate is interlocked with the ceramic top plate and the ceramic first plate, and a diaphragm is disposed upon one of the first plate and the top plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Govindarajan Natarajan
  • Patent number: 8573831
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to methods and systems for mixing at least two different solid materials (e.g., adsorbents) and loading the mixture into a vessel, such as an adsorption vessel or reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Praxair Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Cem E. Celik, Mark William Ackley, Jeffert John Nowobilski, Salil Uday Rege
  • Publication number: 20130273243
    Abstract: The present teachings describe a process that includes obtaining a composition of particles comprising fluorine containing particles and aerogel particles. The composition is mixed at a resonant frequency of a mixing system containing the composition. The composition is powder coated onto a substrate and cured to form a release layer on the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 17, 2012
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Applicant: XEROX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Carolyn P. Moorlag, Qi Zhang, Suxia Yang, Yu Qi, Brynn M. Dooley, Sandra J. Gardner
  • Patent number: 8556498
    Abstract: A method for determining mixing time for a variety of vessels is disclosed. This method utilizes information about the configuration, such as vessel diameter, impeller diameter and speed, fluid density and viscosity, and fluid height to determine the appropriate mixing time. In another embodiment, the parameters used to create small batches of material can be used to scale up to larger vessel sizes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: EMD Millipore Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas Dennen, Venkatesh Natarajan
  • Patent number: 8550698
    Abstract: Methods and systems for enhancing fluidization of nanoparticle and/or nanoagglomerates and for mixing and blending nanoparticle/nanoagglomerate systems at the nanoscale are provided. A fluidization chamber is provided with a fluidizing medium (e.g., a fluidizing gas) directed in a first fluidizing direction, e.g., upward into and through a bed containing a volume of nanoparticles and/or nanopowders. A second source of air/gas flow is provided with respect to the fluidization chamber, the secondary air/gas flow generally being oppositely (or substantially oppositely) directed relative to the fluidizing medium. Turbulence created by the secondary gas flow, e.g., a jet from a micro jet nozzle, is advantageously effective to aerate the agglomerates and the shear generated by the jet is advantageously effective to break apart nanoagglomerates and/or reduce the tendency for nanoagglomerates to form or reform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignees: Orion Engineered Carbons GmbH, New Jersey Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Robert Pfeffer, Jose A. Quevedo, Juergen Flesch
  • Publication number: 20130260462
    Abstract: Provided are electrokinetically-altered fluids (e.g., gas-enriched (e.g., oxygen-enriched) electrokinetic fluids) comprising an ionic aqueous solution of charge-stabilized gas-containing nanostructures in an amount sufficient to provide, upon contact with a cell, modulation of at least one of cellular membrane potential and cellular membrane conductivity. Further provided are the methods of making the electrokinetically-altered ionic aqueous fluid compositions. Particular aspects provide for regulating or modulating intracellular signal transduction associated by modulation of at least one of cellular membranes, membrane potential, membrane proteins such as membrane receptors, including but not limited to G-Protein Coupled Receptors (GPCR), and intercellular junctions (e.g., tight junctions, gap junctions, zona adherins and desmasomes). Other embodiments include particular methods of producing the electrokinetically-altered fluids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 20, 2013
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Applicant: Revalesio Corporation
    Inventors: Anthony B. Wood, Richard L. Watson, Gregory J. Archambeau
  • Patent number: 8524173
    Abstract: A microchannel structure including a dispersed-phase introduction channel which communicates with a dispersed-phase introduction inlet; a continuous-phase introduction channel which communicates with a continuous-phase introduction inlet; a discharge channel which communicates with a discharge outlet; a fine-particle formation channel; and a plurality of branch channels for dispersed-phase introduction which are microchannels; wherein one end of the fine-particle formation channel in a fluid traveling direction communicates with the continuous-phase introduction channel whereas the other end thereof communicates with the discharge channel; and wherein a side part of the dispersed-phase introduction channel and side part of the fine-particle formation channel communicate via the plurality of branch channel for dispersed-phase introduction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: Tosoh Corporation
    Inventors: Maho Yamanaka, Akira Kawai, Koji Katayama, Hiroki Takamiya
  • Publication number: 20130224852
    Abstract: A reactor apparatus including: an internal mixing chamber including a first chamber section having a cross-sectional area expanding from a biomass inlet to the internal mixing chamber to the a second chamber section; the second chamber section having a substantially uniform internal cross-sectional area from the opposite end of the first chamber section to a discharge end of the mixing chamber; the biomass inlet is coupled to a source of pre-treated biomass external to the reactor vessel, and a rotating mixing device in the internal mixing chamber and coaxial with an axis of the first chamber section.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 14, 2011
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Applicant: Andritz Technology and Asset Management GmbH
    Inventors: Bertil Stromberg, John F. Bolles, Thomas Pschorn, Peter Mraz
  • Patent number: 8517597
    Abstract: Described is a method of reducing liquid composition errors in a low-pressure mixing pump system. Packets representing the switching intervals of each component of the desired fluid mixture are provided to an intake of the mixing pump system. For each packet, a switching time associated with at least one of the components in the packet is modulated. Modulated switching times are based on time offsets that are specifically selected according to the undesirable frequency characteristic of an intake response of the mixing pump system. The average of the volumes contributed by the packets thus modulated is equal to a component volume that achieves a desired proportion of the component in the output flow of the mixing pump system. Modulated switching times enable the reduction or elimination of composition error in the output flow of the mixing pump system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Waters Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Joshua A. Shreve, Steven J. Ciavarini
  • Publication number: 20130208561
    Abstract: The present invention comprises a method and system for the infusion of a gas into a liquid. The gas is passed through a container with ceramic filtering material of a specific pore size after which the gas enters the flow stream of the liquid. Alternatively, the gas is pressurized in the container and infused into the flow stream of the liquid media.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: FORTRANS INC.
    Inventor: FORTRANS INC.
  • Publication number: 20130202788
    Abstract: The present invention is a non-aqueous self-standing rigid fragrance gel comprising fragrance oil and a hydroxylalkyl cellulose derivative. In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, about 4.0 weight percent or more of hydroxylpropyl cellulose converts fragrance oil into a rigid gel with pseudoplastic rheology. The pseudoplastic gel shears to allow coating of crystals and objects, with subsequent rigidity restored to at least 80%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2012
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: The Dial Corporation
    Inventor: The Dial Corporation
  • Publication number: 20130187298
    Abstract: A system for gasification of liquid fuel includes an absorber to receive liquid fuel and as through separate ports, a vortex reactor to create a vortex of the gas and fuel droplets to enhance absorption of gas into the fuel, and a recirculation loop to remove and recirculate unabsorbed gas and fuel vapors from the absorber back to its tangential inlet port. Gasified fuel collects at the bottom of the absorber for delivery to an engine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2013
    Publication date: July 25, 2013
    Applicant: HELPFUL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Victor GURIN, Mindaugas Macijauskas, Serguei Permiakov, Pavel Pikul, Mark Goltsman
  • Publication number: 20130184416
    Abstract: The invention generally relates to a method of substantially homogeneously mixing ingredients comprising solid thermoplastic particulates and a viscous material in a container and apparatus useful therein. The invention also generally relates to a non-clogging device and mixing apparatus comprising same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2011
    Publication date: July 18, 2013
    Applicant: EQUIPOLYMERS GMBH
    Inventors: Rolf Eckert, Guenter Kleis, Uwe Pfannmoller, Volkmar Voerckel, Jens-Peter Wiegner
  • Publication number: 20130155804
    Abstract: Device (1) for frothing a liquid, comprising a chamber (10), which chamber comprises a supply tube (11) for supplying the liquid to be frothed and frothing gas, and comprises a substantially round outlet tube (12) provided at the bottom of the chamber. The outlet tube being arranged for letting out a mixture of the liquid and the frothing gas, i.e. the liquid in a frothed state, and for letting out excess frothing gas. The chamber (10) is cylinder-shaped and the supply tube (11) has a tangential arrangement with respect to the chamber (10) and is provided at a height h from the bottom of the chamber. The ratio of the value of the height (h) of the supply tube and the height (H) of the chamber is in a range between 0.2 to 0.7, and the ratio of the value of the diameter of the outlet tube (d) and the value of the diameter (D) of the chamber is in a range of 0.6 to 0.95. This device provides for a high quality of milk froth without excessive or insufficient foam formation or very coarse foam bubbles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2011
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N.V.
    Inventors: Joeke Noordhuis, Sipke Theo Douma
  • Publication number: 20130148462
    Abstract: A composition comprising a fluid, and a material dispersed in the fluid, the material made up of particles having a complex three dimensional surface area such as a sharp blade-like surface, the particles having an aspect ratio larger than 0.7 for promoting kinetic boundary layer mixing in a non-linear-viscosity zone. The composition may further include an additive dispersed in the fluid. The fluid may be a thermopolymer material. A method of extruding the fluid includes feeding the fluid into an extruder, feeding additives into the extruder, feeding a material into the extruder, passing the material through a mixing zone in the extruder to disperse the material within the fluid wherein the material migrates to a boundary layer of the fluid to promote kinetic mixing of the additives within the fluid, the kinetic mixing taking place in a non-linear viscosity zone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 1, 2013
    Publication date: June 13, 2013
    Applicant: ECOPURO, LLC
    Inventor: ECOPURO, LLC