Controls Heat Transfer Patents (Class 422/109)
  • Patent number: 10274907
    Abstract: A system of interlocks for controlling flow of low temperature process streams in a manufacturing process through a cold box to equipment not specified for such temperatures by opening and closing valves and stopping pumps. At least one interlock affects streams heated in the cold box. At least one interlock affects the streams cooled in the cold box. The interlocks are activated due to temperature determinations of process lines by temperature sensors and automatically send a signal to predetermined controllers depending on the process line with the low temperature in order to prevent exposure of equipment to low temperatures while preventing the shutdown of the cold box.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignee: WPT LLC
    Inventors: Tiong-Ee Ting, Kenneth M. Istre, Newton Landreneau, W. Ryan Pitt, Gregory M. Guillory, Jr., Charles R. Demarest, Toby Darbonne, Troy L. Irwin
  • Patent number: 10172351
    Abstract: Methods of generating performic acid by contacting aqueous oxidizing agent and aqueous formic acid source in liquid phase are disclosed. A system and apparatus for the in situ production of the performic acid chemistries is further disclosed. In particular, a continuous flow reactor is provided to generate performic acid at variable rates. Methods of employing the oxidizing biocide for various disinfection applications are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: Ecolab USA Inc.
    Inventors: Paul R. Kraus, Benjamin Crew, Junzhong Li, David D. McSherry, Ramakrishnan Balasubramanian, Richard Staub, Ariel Chatman Kleczewski, Minh Tran, Catherine Hanson, Irwan Yunus, Jeffery D. Breshears, Brian Paul Brunner
  • Patent number: 10168257
    Abstract: In accordance with an embodiment of a system for handling and processing chemical and/or biological samples, a MicroChamber comprises a substrate, a reservoir formed on the substrate for receiving a chemical and/or biological sample, and an encoder such as a barcode or other suitable device. The encoder encodes information describing at least one characteristic of the substrate and/or reservoir.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: BioGenex Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventor: Krishan L. Kalra
  • Patent number: 9897529
    Abstract: The present invention disclosures a test system and test method for a simulation experiment of gas hydrate in a porous medium. The test system comprises a reactor, a sensor system, a hardware interface apparatus and a data processing system; the reactor is used for containing tested medium, the sensor system is mounted inside the reactor, and the sensor system is connected to the data processing system through the hardware interface apparatus; the test method comprises a procedure of experiment and measurement data acquisition, and a procedure of analyzing and processing measurement signals; by establishing of electrical model I, acoustic model II and the fused model III, realizing the simulation of the synthesis/decomposition processes of gas hydrate in the deposits in laboratory environment and implementation of the acoustic and electrical parameters combined test, an accurate gas hydrate saturation calculation model can be established at last.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: CHINA UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM (EAST CHINA)
    Inventors: Lanchang Xing, Changling Liu, Qiang Chen, Yanfeng Geng, Chenquan Hua, Yu Qi
  • Patent number: 9738992
    Abstract: Dust that is accumulated in an exhaust passage provided in a chamber, the exhaust passage for discharging gas in the chamber of a semiconductor crystal manufacturing device, is removed by being sucked from the outside of the chamber. Moreover, an opening and closing valve for cleaning that is detachably attached to an opening of the exhaust passage, the opening facing the chamber, is opened and closed intermittently in a suction state. Furthermore, the opening and closing valve for cleaning is driven by a valve driving unit. The dust accumulated in the exhaust passage is removed efficiently, whereby the time required to clean the exhaust passage is shortened and fluctuations of the pressure inside the chamber when a semiconductor crystal is manufactured are suppressed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: SUMCO CORPORATION
    Inventor: Kenji Okita
  • Patent number: 9687753
    Abstract: A refrigerator system or cryopump includes a first refrigerator having at least first and second stages, and a second refrigerator. A thermal coupling between the first stage of the first refrigerator and a cold end of the second refrigerator is restricted to maintain a temperature difference between the cold end of the second refrigerator and the first stage of the first refrigerator. The refrigerator system or cryopump also includes a radiation shield in thermal contact with the cold end of the second refrigerator, and a condensing surface, spaced from and surrounded by the radiation shield, and in thermal contact with a second stage, e.g., coldest stage, of the first refrigerator. The restricted thermal coupling can be configured to balance the cooling load on the two refrigerators.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: Brooks Automation, Inc.
    Inventors: Allen J. Bartlett, Michael J. Eacobacci, Jr., Sergei Syssoev
  • Patent number: 9651249
    Abstract: The invention refers to the method for the utilization of low-concentration mixtures of a combustible gas and air with the stable recovery of heat and the flow-reversal device for the embodiment of the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignees: INSTYTUT INŻYNIERII CHEMICZNEJ POLSKIEJ AKADEMII NAUK, KATALIZATOR Sp. z. o.o.
    Inventors: Krzysztof Gosiewski, Manfred Jaschik, Anna Pawlaczyk, Krzysztof Warmuziński, Marek Tańczyk, Krzysztof Giełzak, Artur Wojdyła, Tadeusz Machej, Leszek Michalski
  • Patent number: 9551250
    Abstract: An operation control apparatus for an internal combustion engine includes: an exhaust emission purifier; a fuel supplying valve for supplying fuel to an exhaust passage; ignition means for igniting the fuel supplied; a warm up determining section for determining whether or not the purifier need be warmed; an exhaust heating determining section for determining whether or not the engine is in an operational state in which the fuel should be ignited and burned; an exhaust heating predicting section for predicting the transition from the operational state in which the fuel should not be ignited and burned to an operational state in which the fuel should be ignited and burned; and a heat generation temperature setting section for setting the temperature of a heating portion of the ignition means based on the result by the heating determining section and the predicting section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2017
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Akinori Morishima, Kenichi Tsujimoto
  • Patent number: 9546986
    Abstract: A thermal system for use in a column manager of a liquid chromatography system comprises a plurality of spatially separated individually controlled thermoelectric chips. A column module houses a plurality of thermally conductive troughs. Each trough resides in a separate thermal zone to be thermally conditioned individually by one of the individually controlled thermoelectric chips. Each trough is adapted to hold one or more liquid chromatography columns therein. A plurality of spatially separated thermal bridges includes a first thermal bridge thermally coupling one of the thermoelectric chips to a first one of the plurality of troughs and a second thermal bridge of the plurality of thermal bridges thermally coupling another of the thermoelectric chips to a second one of the plurality of troughs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2017
    Assignee: WATERS TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Joshua A. Shreve, John Maillet, Maria Maillet
  • Patent number: 9476108
    Abstract: The invention provides methods, compositions, and apparatuses for preventing the formation of scale in heap leach process solution distribution systems comprised of piping, spray nozzles, or emitter tubes. Solution distribution system components often become fouled by scale because of local hot spots more prone to form scale than other locations along the systems length. Positioning sensors that detect periods of high temperature stress and adjusting scale control reagent dosage to send the right amount to inhibit hot spot deposition allows for the control of scale without using wasteful excessive amounts of scale control reagents. This can vastly improve scale control performance under high temperature stress conditions while minimizing scale control reagent waste under less severe stress conditions to reduce the total operating cost of running heap leach mining operations which depend upon well-functioning solution distribution systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: ECOLAB USA INC.
    Inventors: Kim R. Coleman, Rolf Arndt
  • Patent number: 9452394
    Abstract: A dilution system for a hydraulic fracturing fluid, the dilution system including a dilution manifold; a hydration unit configured to provide a source of liquid; a diluent line connecting the hydration unit to the dilution manifold. A diluent flow control valve on the diluent line. A hydration tank configured to hydrate a mixed additive. A gravity-driven viscous fluid line connecting an exit of the hydration tank to the dilution manifold. A viscous fluid flow meter on the viscous fluid line; and, a viscous fluid control valve on the viscous fluid line. Also included is a method of processing a fracturing fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Jeremy L. Weinstein, Bryan Scott Lambert, Abel A. Gloria
  • Patent number: 9408931
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for the sanitization, detoxification, disinfection, high level disinfection, or sterilization of both the interior and exterior surfaces of at least one object, including interior lumens, channels and cavities within the object. A coupler and interface may be secured to an object to disinfect the inner channels or cavities therein. An object support device may be used to support the object. The pair of support devices may include outlets for deploying aerosols for the application of applied agent. The applied agent may be in the form of any gas, vapor, plasma, aerosol, or other form. The temperature of the object may be lowered to condensate applied agent thereupon. The object may also be washed. Complete sanitization, disinfection, or sterilization of objects in a simple chamber, or in more complex configurations that include, glove box units, processors with built in interfaces for specialty applications, and other application specific designs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Inventors: Jonathan J. Ricciardi, Carl L. Ricciardi
  • Patent number: 9234296
    Abstract: The present invention is a semiconductor single crystal manufacturing apparatus including, within a growth furnace main body, a crucible, and a heater disposed around the crucible, wherein a heat insulating cylinder is disposed around the heater within the growth furnace main body, the heat insulating cylinder includes a step portion dividing the heat insulating cylinder into the upper part and the lower part at the inside surface thereof, the inner diameter of the lower part is larger than the inner diameter of the upper part, a heat insulating plate is disposed below the heater and on the inside of the lower part of the heat insulating cylinder within the growth furnace main body, and the diameter of the heat insulating plate is larger than the inner diameter of the upper part of the heat insulating cylinder and is smaller than the inner diameter of the lower part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignee: SHIN-ETSU HANDOTAI CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shou Takashima, Yuuichi Miyahara, Atsushi Iwasaki, Nobuaki Mitamura, Susumu Sonokawa
  • Publication number: 20150137044
    Abstract: A liquid fuel catalytic partial oxidation (CPOX) reformer can include a plurality or an array of spaced-apart CPOX reactor units, each reactor unit including an elongate tube having a gas-permeable wall with internal and external surfaces, the wall enclosing an open gaseous flow passageway with at least a portion of the wall having CPOX catalyst disposed therein and/or comprising its structure. The catalyst-containing wall structure and open gaseous flow passageway enclosed thereby define a gaseous phase CPOX reaction zone, the catalyst-containing wall section being gas-permeable to allow gaseous CPOX reaction mixture to diffuse therein and hydrogen rich product reformate to diffuse therefrom. At least the exterior surface of the CPOX reaction zone can include a hydrogen barrier. The liquid fuel CPOX reformer can include a vaporizer, one or more igniters, and a source of liquid reformable fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Caine M. Finnerty, Paul DeWald
  • Publication number: 20150139858
    Abstract: A sterilization device is described having improved temperature sensing and feedback systems such that temperature control of about ±1 deg. C. is achieved. Some embodiments include concurrent temperature and pressure sensing. The result is more reliable sterilization.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventor: Milton E. Pedrazzi
  • Patent number: 9034995
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a system for recovering emissions generated from an olefin polymerization process, comprising: a devolatilizer for receiving a fresh sweep gas and emissions generated from the olefin polymerization process and outputting a first fluid and a polyolefin resin; a compression refrigeration unit including a compression device and a first heat exchange device, for receiving said first fluid and outputting a first gas-liquid mixture; a first gas-liquid separation device for separating the first gas-liquid mixture and outputting a first recovery product and a first gas phase composition; a first gas separation device for receiving the first gas phase composition, removing small molecular substances therefrom, and outputting a composition rich in small molecular gases and a second gas phase composition rich in hydrocarbons; and a second gas separation device having a second heat exchange device, a second gas-liquid separation device, and a first gas expansion device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignees: Hangzhou Shuang'an Science and Technology Company Limited
    Inventors: Yongrong Yang, Zhongwei Yang, Jingdai Wang, Zhengliang Huang, Binbo Jiang, Zuwei Liao
  • Publication number: 20150125348
    Abstract: The apparatus includes: a hydrogen generation container provided with a magnesium-based hydride accommodation part accommodating magnesium-based hydride; a reaction water tank storing water or an aqueous solution; the pipes connected to the reaction water tank and the hydrogen generation container; a pump operating such as to suction water or the aqueous solution from the reaction water tank and then exhaust it through the pipes to the hydrogen generation container; a pressure gauge measuring the pressure in the inside of the hydrogen generation container; and a control unit, on the basis of the pressure value of the pressure gauge, controlling the amount of water caused to flow through the pipes by the pump.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Takashi Sugiyama, Hiroshi Uesugi
  • Publication number: 20150118138
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus and method for decomposing an ultra-low concentration of volatile organic compounds, which may effectively remove ultra-low concentration of volatile organic compounds by a batch process for separating ultra-low concentration of volatile organic compounds present in an indoor air or the like and oxidizing the corresponding volatile organic compounds at a low temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Hyoun Duk JUNG, Jongsoo JURNG, Eun-seuk PARK, Woojoon CHA, Gwi-Nam BAE, Min Su KIM
  • Publication number: 20150113954
    Abstract: A system and a method for operating a catalyst of a vehicle may include a catalyst configured to purify an exhaust gas of a vehicle engine, and a controller configured to perform a detection of internal temperature of the catalyst, wherein the controller detects the internal temperature of the catalyst by applying a change of precious metal loading of the catalyst to an internal temperature model of the catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 17, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventor: Jong Soo Mok
  • Patent number: 9017482
    Abstract: The present invention provides a technique by which heat can be efficiently recovered from a coolant used to cool a reactor, and contamination with dopant impurities from an inner wall of a reactor when polycrystalline silicon is deposited within the reactor can be reduced to produce high-purity polycrystalline silicon. With the use of hot water 15 having a temperature higher than a standard boiling point as a coolant fed to the reactor 10, the temperature of the reactor inner wall is kept at a temperature of not more than 370° C. Additionally, the pressure of the hot water 15 to be recovered is reduced by a pressure control section provided in a coolant tank 20 to generate steam. Thereby, a part of the hot water is taken out as steam to the outside, and reused as a heating source for another application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shigeyoshi Netsu, Kyoji Oguro, Takaaki Shimizu, Yasushi Kurosawa, Fumitaka Kume
  • Publication number: 20150110678
    Abstract: A pre-heat system for the catalyst of the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) device includes an air blower, an interconnecting pipe, a heater unit, and a heat supply pipe. The air blower and the heater unit are in fluid communication with each other through the interconnecting pipe while the heater unit is in fluid communication with an exhaust system through the heat supply pipe. A hot-air flow generated from the air blower and the heater unit flows into the exhaust system so that the hot-air flow is able to pre-heat the catalyst of the SCR device at or close to an activation temperature. Then the SCR device can efficiently and quickly reduce Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) particles of the exhaust gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: SAFETY POWER INC.
    Inventor: Robert M. Stelzer
  • Patent number: 9005313
    Abstract: A device for preparing bio-oil, a system for preparing bio-oil and a method for preparing bio-oil using the same are provided. Biomass is supplied to an inclined portion of a reactor, and high-temperature hot sand is supplied to an upper side of the biomass supplied to the inclined portion. Then, a heater heats the inclined portion. Thus, the fast pyrolysis performance of the biomass can be enhanced, thereby increasing the yield of bio-oil. Also, combustion gas produced from the heater is supplied to the interior of the reactor, so that the interior of the reactor can be simply formed under a nonoxidizing atmosphere. Accordingly, the device for preparing bio-oil can be manufactured into a very simple structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Machinery & Materials
    Inventors: Hang-Seok Choi, Yeon-Seok Choi, Seock-Joon Kim, Hun-Che Park, So-Young Han
  • Publication number: 20150099210
    Abstract: A method and device for preparing platinum catalyst are disclosed. The method comprises providing a carbon-based material; immersing the carbon-based material with a platinum precursor solution in a first container; controlling pressure and temperature within the first container to a predetermined temperature and predetermined pressure to form water vapor, and then allowing the water vapor to escape from the first container through a first opening of the first container to a second container; and maintaining the predetermined temperature and predetermined pressure within the first container for a period of time to reduce the catalyst on the carbon-based material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 4, 2013
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Applicant: National Tsing Hua University
    Inventors: Fan-Gang Tseng, Yi-Shiuan Wu, Liang-You Lin
  • Patent number: 8978363
    Abstract: A diesel particulate filter (“DPF”) system that is more convenient than a conventional DPF system, including a DPF having a catalyzed soot filter (“CSF”) that is connected to an exhaust pipe of a diesel engine in order to collect particulate matter (“PM”) in exhaust gas, and a diesel oxidation catalyst (“DOC”) provided on an upstream side of the CSF; and temperature sensors provided respectively on an upstream side and a downstream side of the DOC. When a PM accumulation amount in the CSF exceeds a fixed amount, DPF regeneration is performed by setting a temperature detected by the upstream side temperature sensor at or above a first threshold and setting a temperature detected by the downstream side temperature sensor at or above a second threshold. When a breakdown is detected in the upstream side temperature sensor, the second threshold is modified upward.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Isuzu Motors Limited
    Inventors: Takashi Ikeda, Naofumi Ochi, Hitoshi Satou
  • Publication number: 20150065760
    Abstract: The present application generally relates to a riser quench system comprising a quench line and one or more quench injecting ports for injecting a renewable fuel oil into the riser of a fluidized catalytic cracker co-processing a renewable fuel oil and a petroleum fraction as reactants.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Barry A. Freel, Robert G. Graham
  • Patent number: 8951475
    Abstract: A chemical heat accumulator includes a receptacle, a first reaction vessel, and a second reaction vessel. The first reaction vessel is hermetically connected to the receptacle and supplied with water from the receptacle. The first reaction vessel contains a chemical compound that causes a hydration reaction with the water from the receptacle to generate water vapor by a heat of reaction, and causes a dehydration reaction by receiving heat. The second reaction vessel is hermetically connected to the first reaction vessel and supplied with the water vapor from the first reaction vessel. The second reaction vessel contains a chemical heat storage material that generates heat by causing a hydration reaction with the water vapor from the first reaction vessel and stores heat through a dehydration reaction caused by receiving heat. The chemical heat storage material is thermally in contact with an object to be heated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Katsuya Komaki, Hiroshi Mieda, Tadahiro Nakagawa, Takashi Shimazu, Tomohisa Wakasugi, Hiroyuki Mitsui, Hideo Sobukawa
  • Patent number: 8951480
    Abstract: A modular chemical production system includes multiple modules for performing a chemical reaction, particularly of radiochemical compounds, from a remote location. One embodiment comprises a reaction vessel including a moveable heat source with the position thereof relative to the reaction vessel being controllable from a remote position. Alternatively the heat source may be fixed in location and the reaction vial is moveable into and out of the heat source. The reaction vessel has one or more sealing plugs, the positioning of which in relationship to the reaction vessel is controllable from a remote position. Also the one or more reaction vessel sealing plugs can include one or more conduits there through for delivery of reactants, gases at atmospheric or an elevated pressure, inert gases, drawing a vacuum and removal of reaction end products to and from the reaction vial, the reaction vial with sealing plug in position being operable at elevated pressures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Nagichettiar Satyamurthy, Jorge R. Barrio, Bernard Amarasekera, R. Michael Van Dam, Sebastian Olma, Dirk Williams, Mark A. Eddings, Clifton Kwang-Fu Shen
  • Publication number: 20150021162
    Abstract: A system including: an ozone generating device including discharge electrodes forming a discharge space; a gas supplying device; a power source device that supplies power to the discharge electrodes; a temperature adjustment device that adjusts temperature of the discharge electrodes; a control unit that controls the ozone generating device; and a detection unit that detects an ozone generation parameter in the ozone generating device. The control unit increases temperature of the discharge electrodes up to a vaporizing temperature of dinitrogen pentoxide by controlling the temperature adjustment device and the gas supplying device or the temperature adjustment device and the power source device, based on the output ozone generation parameter, to thereby switch operation from a normal operation mode to a cleaning operation mode in which surfaces of the discharge electrodes and the discharge space are cleaned up while continuing generation of ozone in the discharge space.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 12, 2013
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Applicant: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Noboru Wada, Norimitsu Esaki, Hajime Nakatani, Yasutaka Inanaga, Yoshiaki Odai
  • Patent number: 8916304
    Abstract: A hydrogen generator includes: a reformer (102) configured to generate a hydrogen-containing gas by a reforming reaction using a raw material; a combustor (104) configured to heat the reformer; an air supplying device (106) configured to supply combustion air to the combustor; a first heat exchanger (108) configured to recover heat from a flue gas discharged from the combustor; a first heat medium passage (110) through which a first heat medium flows, the first heat medium receiving the heat recovered from the flue gas in the first heat exchanger; a first pump (112) configured to cause the first heat medium in the first heat medium passage to flow; a heat accumulator (140) configured to store the heat recovered by the first heat medium; and a controller (114) configured to cause the first pump to operate in a cooling step that is a step of cooling down at least the reformer by supplying the air from the air supplying device to the combustor in a state where the combustor is not carrying out combustion during
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshio Tamura, Kiyoshi Taguchi, Yoshikazu Tanaka, Shigeki Yasuda
  • Publication number: 20140369890
    Abstract: A carrier gas supplied from a carrier gas source is injected from a carrier gas injection nozzle. Also, a fuel including a hydrocarbon-based liquid and supplied from a fuel source is supplied to a tip end of the carrier gas injection nozzle, whereby this fuel is atomized with the carrier gas injected from the carrier gas injection nozzle. Furthermore, an inlet of a reforming part that decomposes the atomized fuel and reforms the atomized fuel into a reducing gas including either or both of hydrogen and an oxygen-containing hydrocarbon is provided so as to face the carrier gas injection nozzle and the fuel supply nozzle, and a reducing gas supply nozzle that supplies the reducing gas discharged from an outlet of the reforming part is provided in an exhaust pipe.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicants: HKT CORPORATION, HINO MOTORS, LTD.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Hirabayashi, Mitsuru Hosoya, Keiichi Hayashizaki, Shinya Sato, Yoshihiro Kawada, Satoshi Sato, Hiroshi Inoue
  • Patent number: 8906325
    Abstract: A vacuum assist apparatus can comprise a microplate. The microplate can comprise a first surface and an opposing second surface. A plurality of wells can be formed in the first surface of the microplate. Each of the plurality of wells can be sized to receive an assay therein. A support base can comprise a fluid passage. The microplate can be positioned adjacent and in contact with the support base. A pressure device, in fluid communication with the fluid passage, can exert a vacuum within the fluid passage to actively retain the microplate in the contact with the support base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, LLC
    Inventors: Mark F. Oldham, Adrian Fawcett
  • Publication number: 20140356738
    Abstract: A unique process for producing electricity from ammonia by utilizing its hydrogen content as a fuel source. The system may be referred to herein for descriptive purposes as Ammonia/Hydrogen/Electricity Production, or AHEP. The novelty of the system disclosed herein as compared to other hydrogen based fuel systems is the unique assembly of the components outlined below to create a novel process and ability to produce electricity that can be utilized for both mobile and stationary purposes. Further, the system is capable of producing hydrogen on demand to be converted into electricity, thereby obviating the need for storing large amounts of explosive hydrogen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: Jimmy Todd Bell, Marvin Jonathan Haire, Raymond George Wymer
  • Publication number: 20140325968
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purification device has: a catalyst to purify exhaust gas by reduction of nitrogen oxide included in the exhaust gas discharged from a combustion chamber of the engine, which catalyst has a purification efficiency of the nitrogen oxide varying depending on a temperature of the catalyst; a supply means capable of supplying a reduction agent for the reduction of the nitrogen oxide to the exhaust gas guided to the catalyst; and a control means having a configuration capable of controlling the temperature of the catalyst depending on an operating condition of the engine. The device has a configuration to prohibit controlling the temperature of the catalyst when a condition of being incapable of supplying the reduction agent in an amount corresponding to the temperature of the catalyst is satisfied, even if the temperature of the catalyst needs to be controlled.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2012
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Inventor: Takashi Suzuki
  • Publication number: 20140322121
    Abstract: A catalytic process for converting silicon tetrachloride (STC) into trichlorosilane (TCS) utilizes a metal catalyst such as metal silicide at a low temperature such as 500C, where the STC is reacted with hydrogen gas in the presence of catalyst and under non-thermal equilibrium conditions, to provide for a product gas stream that includes TCS at levels exceeding those obtained at thermal equilibrium, as well as optionally including HCl and unreacted STC.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventor: Mark William Dassel
  • Publication number: 20140322083
    Abstract: The invention provides a curing system that is useful for curing materials that consume carbon dioxide as a reagent. The system has a curing chamber that contains the material to be cured and a gas that contains carbon dioxide. The system includes apparatus that can deliver carbon dioxide to displace ambient air upon loading the system, that can provide carbon dioxide as it is needed and as it is consumed, that can control carbon dioxide concentration, temperature and humidity in the curing chamber during the curing cycle and that can record and display to a user the variables that occur during the curing process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Solidia Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: John P. Kuppler, Vahit Atakan, Kenneth Smith, Xudong Hu
  • Patent number: 8865457
    Abstract: Devices and systems for active thermal control of sample holding devices for bDNA testing, polymerase chain reaction testing, chemiluminescent immuno-assay testing, and so forth. The thermal control subsystem includes a fluidic circuit, first and second heater assemblies, a centrifugal pump, and a heat exchange device. The first and second heater assemblies include a heat removal device and a controllable thermo-electric device. One or both of the heater assemblies can include a heat spreader. A controller actively controls the pump, the heat removal device, and the thermo-electric devices, to thermally-control sample-containing vessels retained in the holding device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics Inc.
    Inventors: Jim Polaniec, David J. Lapeus, Tim Greszler, Frank Klingshirn, Chris Sturges, Matt Schmidt
  • Publication number: 20140305407
    Abstract: This disclosure relates generally to the use of gas clathrates. More particularly, this disclosure relates to systems, methods, and apparatuses related to the use of gas clathrates as a fuel source for automobiles. The gas clathrates may first be dissociated into at least one gas and the at least one gas delivered to the prime mover of a vehicle or the gas clathrates may be directly utilized by the prime mover as a fuel source.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2013
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Inventors: Roderick A. Hyde, Lowell L. Wood, JR.
  • Publication number: 20140301927
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a carbon dioxide capturing system includes an absorption tower configured to bring a treatment target gas containing carbon dioxide into contact with an absorption liquid, and to discharge the absorption liquid having absorbed the carbon dioxide. The system further includes a regeneration tower configured to make the absorption liquid discharged from the absorption tower dissipate the carbon dioxide, and to discharge the absorption liquid having dissipated the carbon dioxide. The system further includes a treatment target gas line configured to introduce the treatment target gas into the absorption tower, a first introduction module configured to introduce a first gas having a higher carbon dioxide concentration than the treatment target gas into the treatment target gas line, and a second introduction module configured to introduce a second gas having a lower carbon dioxide concentration than the treatment target gas into the treatment target gas line.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2014
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA
    Inventors: Mitsuru Udatsu, Masatoshi Hodotsuka, Hideo Kitamura, Satoshi Saito, Haruki Fujimoto, Noriko Chiba
  • Publication number: 20140294669
    Abstract: The method for the heat treatment of waste includes introducing the waste by into a bag and placing the bag inside an apparatus for treating waste, the apparatus including a cylindrical barrel, a removable closure lid and a bottom moveable inside the barrel, at least in the direction of the lid. After the bag has been placed in the apparatus heat treatment of waste is carried out by raising the temperature of the lid and the bottom and by providing this lid and this bottom with a hold temperature. At least during the rise in temperature of the lid and the bottom, and before the hold temperature is reached, this lid and this bottom are moved towards each other at least once. A temperature conferred on the lid differs by at most 2° C. from the temperature of the bottom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Inventor: Christophe Beraud
  • Publication number: 20140294677
    Abstract: An exhaust purification device for vehicles comprises a connection unit, a combustion unit, a buffer unit, a filtration unit, an emission unit, and a control unit. The connection unit is adapted to be connected to an exhaust pipe of a vehicle's engine. The combustion unit includes a main housing, a fuel-atomization nozzle, and an igniter. The nozzle and the igniter are arranged in an open-end container. The nozzle is connected to a fuel tank. An air pump is connected to the open-end container. The buffer unit is provided with a temperature sensor, an exhaust-buffering mask, and a fan. The filtration unit can remove the soot contained in the exhaust gas. The emission unit includes an L-shaped porous tail pipe being sealed with a porous cover. The control unit is electrically connected with the igniter, the fuel pump, the air pump, and the temperature sensor for controlling their operations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Inventor: WEN-LO CHEN
  • Publication number: 20140291205
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for processing hydrocarbon streams are provided. In an embodiment, a method for processing a hydrocarbon stream includes heating a feed stream in a convective bank. In the method, the feed stream is reacted in a first reaction zone to form a first effluent. The first effluent is heated in a first radiant cell that combusts fuel gas to heat the first effluent and forms a first exhaust gas. The method includes contacting the first exhaust gas with the convective bank to heat the feed stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2013
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: UPO LLC
    Inventors: William M. Hartman, Xin X. Zhu, William Yanez, Lisa M. Lane
  • Publication number: 20140286828
    Abstract: An exhaust purification system of an internal combustion engine provided with an exhaust purification catalyst which reacts NOX and hydrocarbons. The exhaust purification catalyst includes an upstream side catalyst and a downstream side catalyst. The upstream side catalyst has an oxidation ability, while the downstream side catalyst carries precious metal catalyst particles on the exhaust flow surface and is formed with basic exhaust flow surface parts. The exhaust purification catalyst can make the concentration of hydrocarbons vibrate by within a predetermined range of amplitude and by within a predetermined range of period so as to partially oxidize the hydrocarbons or produce reducing intermediates at the upstream side catalyst. When the temperature of the upstream side catalyst is less than a first judgment temperature and the temperature of the downstream side catalyst is higher than a second judgment temperature, the temperature of the upstream side catalyst is made to rise.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2011
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Applicant: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Umemoto, Kohei Yoshida, Mikio Inoue
  • Publication number: 20140271450
    Abstract: It is an objective of the invention to provide a method for operating hydrogen separation devices which is capable of efficiently suppressing hydrogen embrittlement in a hydrogen separation alloy membrane and to provide a hydrogen separation device that performs favorably during repeated starting/stopping operations thereof. There is provided a method for operating a hydrogen separation device for separating hydrogen from a mixture hydrogen gas using a membrane separation technique with a hydrogen separation alloy membrane. The method comprises the successive steps of: stopping supply of the mixture hydrogen gas to the hydrogen separation alloy membrane with a temperature of the membrane within a range from 300 to 600° C.; supplying an oxidizing gas over a predetermined duration to at least an upstream side of the membrane with a temperature of the membrane within a range from 300 to 600° C.; and lowering the temperature of the membrane to below 200° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Takao Ishikawa, Kazuhiro Yamamura
  • Publication number: 20140271347
    Abstract: Provided are methods for decontamination of compartments, such as aircraft compartments and other types of compartments, and systems for implementing these methods. In some embodiments, a method involves detecting presence of one or more contaminants in a compartment. This information is used to select various decontamination conditions. In some embodiments, additional information, such as the type of the compartment (e.g., an aircraft compartment), temperature, and humidity, may be also considered while selecting the decontamination conditions. The decontamination conditions include identification of one or more decontaminating agents to be dispensed in the compartment, temperature profile of the air to be flown into the compartment, and timing of the decontaminant dispensing and air flowing operations. These conditions are selected to increase efficacy of the selected decontaminating agents with respect to the one or more detected contaminants and reduce impact on the aircraft compartment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: The Boeing Company
    Inventor: The Boeing Company
  • Publication number: 20140275668
    Abstract: The thermochemical conversion of biomass material to one or more reaction products includes generating thermal energy with at least one heat source, providing a volume of feedstock, providing a volume of supercritical fluid, transferring a portion of the generated thermal energy to the volume of supercritical fluid, transferring at least a portion of the generated thermal energy from the volume of supercritical fluid to the volume of feedstock, and performing a thermal decomposition process on the volume of feedstock with the thermal energy transferred from the volume of supercritical fluid to the volume of the feedstock in order to form at least one reaction product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Searete LLC
    Inventors: Joshua C. Walter, Manuel Garcia-Perez
  • Patent number: 8834810
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for microfluidic processing by programmably manipulating a packet. A material is introduced onto a reaction surface and compartmentalized to form a packet. A position of the packet is sensed with a position sensor. A programmable manipulation force is applied to the packet at the position. The programmable manipulation force is adjustable according to packet position by a controller. The packet is programmably moved according to the programmable manipulation force along arbitrarily chosen paths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Board of Regents, The University of Texas System
    Inventors: Frederick F. Becker, Peter Gascoyne, Xiaobo Wang, Jody Valentine Vykoukal, Giovanni De Gasperis
  • Publication number: 20140256889
    Abstract: A manufacturing system for producing polyolefin includes a polymerization reactor, a flash chamber, and a purge column. In certain embodiments, the purge column may receive a solids stream directly from the flash chamber. Further, the purge column may function as a feed tank for an extruder within an extrusion/loadout system. According to certain embodiments, the manufacturing system may be configured to consume less than 445 kilowatt-hours of energy per metric ton of polyolefin produced based on consumption of electricity, steam, and fuel gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2014
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Robert R. McElvain, John D. Hottovy, Ralph W. Romig, Donald W. Verser, David H. Burns, John H. Tait, Richard Peacock, James E. Hein, Scott E. Kufeld, Carl W. Fenderson, Anurag Gupta, Dale A. Zellers
  • Patent number: 8821800
    Abstract: Techniques are provided for catalyst preparation. A system for catalyst preparation may include an agitator disposed inside a polymerization catalyst tank and configured to mix a polymerization catalyst and a solvent to generate a polymerization catalyst solution. The system may also include a heating system coupled to the polymerization catalyst tank and configured to maintain a temperature of the polymerization catalyst solution above a threshold. The system may also include a precontactor configured to receive feed streams comprising an activator and the polymerization catalyst solution from the polymerization catalyst tank to generate a catalyst complex. The system may also include a transfer line configured to transfer the catalyst complex from an outlet of the precontactor to a reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Elizabeth A Benham, Albert P Masino, Qing Yang, Randy S Muninger, Rebecca A Gonzales
  • Publication number: 20140241947
    Abstract: An example method includes determining that a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) component having a zeolite-based catalyst is contaminated with platinum (Pt). The method further includes elevating the temperature of the SCR component to at least 600° C. in response to the determining the catalytic component is contaminated with Pt, and maintaining the elevated temperature of the catalytic component for a predetermined time period thereby restoring reduction activity of the catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 8, 2014
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: Cummins Inc.
    Inventors: Xu Chen, Krishna Kamasamudram, Neil W. Currier, Aleksey Yezerets
  • Patent number: 8815162
    Abstract: The invention relates to a microelectronic sensor device and a method for the investigation of biological target substances (20), for example oligonucleotides like DNA fragments. In one embodiment, the device comprises a reaction surface (RS) to which target specific reactants (10) are attached and which lies between a sample chamber (SC) and an array of selectively controllable heating elements (HE). The temperature profile in the sample chamber (SC) can be controlled as desired to provide for example conditions for a PCR and/or for a controlled melting of hybridizations. The reactant (10) and/or the target substance (20) comprises a label (12) with an observable property, like fluorescence, that changes if the target substance (20) is bound to the reactant (10), said property being detected by an array of sensor elements, for example photosensors (SE).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips N.V.
    Inventors: Erik Robbert Vossenaar, Marc Wilhelmus Gijsbert Ponjee, Hendrik Roelof Stapert, Mark Thomas Johnson