And Reactant Flow Distributor Upstream Of Contact Means And Within Reaction Chamber Modifying Velocity Profile Of Reactant Flow Patents (Class 422/220)
  • Patent number: 10589244
    Abstract: The hydroprocessing reactor internals (HRI) have reduced height compared to standard HRI designs. In this design, HRI height reduction is achieved by placing a mixing chamber above the collection tray. A ring quench distributor is located around the fluid collection tray between the mixing chamber and reactor shell to eliminate the vertical space occupied by the distributor. The hydroprocessing reactor quench zone internals comprise a collection tray, a mixing chamber, a ring distributor, a rough liquid distribution tray, and a vapor-liquid distribution tray. Fluid mixing occurs in the mixing chamber and above the rough liquid distribution tray.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Zhanping Xu
  • Patent number: 10557486
    Abstract: A method for facilitating the distribution of the flow of one or more streams within a bed vessel is provided. Disposed within the bed vessel are internal materials and structures including multiple operating zones. One type of operating zone can be a processing zone composed of one or more beds of solid processing material. Another type of operating zone can be a treating zone. Treating zones can facilitate the distribution of the one or more streams fed to processing zones. The distribution can facilitate contact between the feed streams and the processing materials contained in the processing zones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: CRYSTAPHASE PRODUCTS, INC.
    Inventors: John N. Glover, Peter Gregory Ham, Austin Schneider
  • Patent number: 10537865
    Abstract: The invention is directed to the use of an upflow reactor for producing a dihydroxy compound, to a method for producing a dihydroxy compound, and to a method for manufacturing polycarbonate. The upflow reactor for producing a dihydroxy compound of the invention comprises: a vessel; a catalyst bed disposed in said vessel; a distributor in fluid communication with an inlet through which reactants are introduced to said distributor, said distributor being disposed at a lower end of said vessel and comprising distributor perforation(s) disposed in said distributor, at least part of which distributor perforations are in a direction facing away from said catalyst bed; and a collector through which said product dihydroxy compound is removed, said collector being disposed at an upper end of said vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: SABIC Global Technologies B.V.
    Inventors: Surya Prakasa Rao Daliparthi, Paulus Johannes Maria Eijsbouts
  • Patent number: 9132391
    Abstract: An air pollution control device is an air pollution control device for reducing the amounts of NOx and Hg contained in flue gas 12 from a boiler 11. The air pollution control device includes: NH4Cl solution supply means 16 for spraying an NH4Cl solution 14 by a spray nozzle 15 into a flue gas duct 13 at the downstream of the boiler 11; a mixer 17 provided on the downstream side of a region where NH4Cl is gasified, for promoting mixing, with the flue gas 12, HCl and NH3 which are generated when NH4Cl is gasified; a reduction-denitration device 18 including a denitration catalyst for reducing NOx in the flue gas 12 with NH3 and for oxidizing Hg under the coexistence with HCl; and a wet desulfurization device 22 for reducing the amount of Hg oxidized in the reduction-denitration device 18 using a limestone-gypsum slurry 21.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS, LTD.
    Inventors: Rikuma Shijo, Nobuyasu Sakata, Kiyonori Kushioka, Moritoshi Murakami, Nobuyuki Ukai
  • Patent number: 9011790
    Abstract: A reactor for carrying out a three-phase reaction of a liquid phase, a gaseous phase, and a catalyst over a fixed catalyst bed is disclosed. The liquid and gaseous phases are passed through the reactor via a mixing and distribution device positioned over the fixed catalyst bed. The mixing and distribution device includes a trough distributor for the liquid phase, having trough-shaped channels, outlet tubes in the trough-shaped channels for the liquid phase, a distributor plate below the trough distributor, and vertical nozzles, having one or more openings for the gaseous phase and one or more openings, arranged below the openings for the gaseous phase. For entry of the liquid phase, the nozzles are installed so that, at a predetermined liquid feed rate, the surface of the liquid on the distributor plate is below the openings for the gaseous phase and above the openings for the liquid phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Stefan Iselborn, Andreas Daiss, Reiner Geier, Marcus Bechtel, Michael Wille, Benjamin Hepfer, John Sauter
  • Publication number: 20150098862
    Abstract: A flow connector creates a fluid connection between a port in a wall of a reactor vessel and an axial flow path of the reactor vessel. The flow connector has a wall defining a flow path of the flow connector. The flow path terminates in a first end opening and a second end opening. The first end opening is configured to connect to the axial flow path of the reactor vessel, and the second end opening is configured to connect to the port in a wall of the reactor. The flow connector includes a passageway extending through the wall of the flow connector to provide access to the flow path of the flow connector. A cover is dimensioned for sealing the passageway. The passageway may be dimensioned such that a person may traverse the passageway to access the flow path of the flow connector.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2013
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Ka L. Lok, David A. Wegerer, Jeffrey Grott, William Yanez
  • Publication number: 20150004074
    Abstract: A fluid distribution device is presented for the collection and distribution of fluid between reactor beds. According to various aspects, the device includes a collection tray, a mixing chamber in fluid communication with the collection tray, a rough distribution tray in fluid communication with the mixing chamber, and a fine distribution tray in fluid communication with the rough distribution tray. The rough distribution tray includes an overflow weir with an upper liquid retention baffle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 9, 2014
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Steven Lesniak, David A. Fautsch
  • Patent number: 8906319
    Abstract: A plate that allows the distribution of a polyphase mixture in a reactor that operates in the trickle mode and that consists of at least one gaseous phase and at least one liquid phase, with the plate (10) being located above a catalytic particle bed, comprising a number of shafts (3), and a portion of the shafts of the plate, located close to the wall of the reactor chamber, called peripheral shafts, are truncated. The plate is used in a reactor for the purpose of carrying out hydrotreatment, hydrogenation, or oxidation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Frederic Bazer-Bachi, Frederic Augier, Yacine Haroun, Christophe Boyer
  • Patent number: 8894940
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for fluid catalytic cracking feeds catalyst to a chamber of a riser. The catalyst exits the chamber and passes through a plenum and into a reaction zone through a plurality of tubes which distribute the catalyst uniformly over a cross section of the reaction zone of the riser. A hydrocarbon feed is fed to the plenum. The hydrocarbon feed passes from the plenum into the reaction zone through a plate comprising a multiplicity of openings which distribute the hydrocarbon feed uniformly over a cross section of the reaction zone of the riser. The feed is contacted with the catalyst in a reaction zone of the riser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Sujay R. Krishnamurthy
  • Patent number: 8877138
    Abstract: Injection nozzles for use in a gas distribution device are disclosed. In one aspect, the injection nozzle may include: a tube having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet; wherein the inlet comprises a plurality of flow restriction orifices. In another aspect, embodiments disclosed herein relate to an injection nozzle for use in a gas distribution device, the injection nozzle including: a tube having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet; wherein the fluid inlet comprises an annular orifice surrounding a flow restriction device. Injection nozzles according to embodiments disclosed herein may be disposed in a gas distribution manifold used in a vessel, for example, for conducting polymerization reactions, spent catalyst regeneration, and coal gasification, among others.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Lummus Technology Inc.
    Inventors: Leonce Francis Castagnos, Jr., Ting Yee Chan, Norman Paul Kolb, Ronald Eugene Pieper
  • Patent number: 8865086
    Abstract: A quenching apparatus for a reactor is disclosed. The quenching apparatus includes a quenching unit (31) and a mixing unit (41). The quenching unit includes fluid distribution pipes (33) which branch off from a central portion of the quenching unit in radial directions and eject quenching fluid, and one or more first fluid outlets (35) which are formed through the bottom of the quenching unit. The mixing unit includes inclined baffles (43), one or more partitions (42) and a second fluid outlet (45). The inclined baffles are respectively disposed under the first fluid outlets. The partitions partition a space between inner and outer sidewalls of the mixing unit into a plurality of separated spaces in which the inclined baffles are respectively disposed. Fluid guided by the inclined baffles and the partitions is discharged out of the mixing unit through the second fluid outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: SK Innovation Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tae Young Jang, Min Ki Ahn, Sun Hyuk Bae, Gyung Rok Kim, Yoon Mang Hwang, Kyoo Sung Park, Sun Choi, Myung Jun Kim
  • Patent number: 8802020
    Abstract: A reactor for preparing hydrogen cyanide by the Andrussow process is provided. The reactor comprises at least one gas inlet which opens into a gas inlet region, an outlet for the reaction products and a catalyst, wherein at least one mixing element and at least one gas-permeable intermediate layer are within the reactor between the gas inlet region and the catalyst. The mixing element is arranged between the gas inlet region and the gas-permeable intermediate layer. A process for preparing HCN, in the reactor is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Evonik Röhm GmbH
    Inventors: Thomas Schaefer, Robert Weber, Udo Gropp, Thomas Mertz
  • Patent number: 8795602
    Abstract: In certain embodiments, a feed injector system includes an inner channel configured to convey at least one of a solid fuel feed or a liquid reactant or moderator to a reaction zone. A first oxidizer channel extends around the inner channel, wherein the first oxidizer channel is configured to convey a first oxidizer stream to the reaction zone. A second oxidizer channel extends around the first oxidizer channel, wherein the second oxidizer channel is configured to convey a second oxidizer stream to the reaction zone. Additionally, a third channel extends around the inner channel and the first and second oxidizer channels, wherein the third channel is configured to convey at least one of the solid fuel feed or the liquid reactant or moderator to the reaction zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Ali Ergut
  • Patent number: 8759600
    Abstract: Apparatuses and methods are disclosed for contacting radially flowing fluids with solid particles (e.g., catalyst) with reduced tendency for fluidization of the particles, and especially a sealing portion of the particles at the top of a particle retention zone disposed between screens at upstream and downstream positions relative to radial fluid flow. Fluidization is reduced or eliminated by offsetting openings of the screens in the axial direction, such that upstream openings in the upstream screen are above highest downstream openings in a downstream stream. The offset in openings imparts a downward flow component to radially flowing fluid, thereby reducing solid particle fluidization without the need to induce a specific pressure drop profile along the entire axial direction of the screens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Bing Sun, Paul A. Sechrist
  • Patent number: 8747768
    Abstract: An apparatus for contacting a bed of particulate material with a cross flowing fluid, which maintains the bed of particulate material within a retention volume. The apparatus includes partitions for retaining particles, with apertures disposed within the partitions. The apertures are covered by louvers that extend above the edges of the apertures to prevent solid particles from spilling through inlet apertures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Bryan K. Glover, Guy B. Woodle, Joseph E. Zimmermann, John J. Senetar
  • Patent number: 8734728
    Abstract: Ammonia oxidizers are disclosed that can include gas distributors and distribution rings to improve the distribution of the flow of a gas feedstream across a catalyst bed in the ammonia oxidizer. The gas distributors include circular plates that have holes through which the gas feedstream is distributed across the catalyst bed. In some examples, the gas distributors also have a sidewall. The distribution rings are attached to the inner wall of the ammonia oxidizer at a predetermined distance below the gas distributor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Jing Guo, Matthew Warren
  • Patent number: 8728574
    Abstract: Gas distribution units of fluidized bed reactors are configured to direct thermally decomposable compounds to the center portion of the reactor and away from the reactor wall to prevent deposition of material on the reactor wall and process for producing polycrystalline silicon product in a reactor that reduce the amount of silicon which deposits on the reactor wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: MEMC Electronic Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Milind S. Kulkarni, Puneet Gupta, Balaji Devulapalli, Jameel Ibrahim, Vithal Revankar, Kwasi Foli
  • Patent number: 8697015
    Abstract: Systems, apparatus, and methods for distributing a mixed phase fluid to a monolith catalyst bed within a reactor, wherein a mixed phase fluid may be generated by a nozzle tray comprising a plurality of nozzles, the mixed phase fluid may be distributed by the nozzles to a mixed phase distributor system, and the mixed phase fluid may be further distributed by the mixed phase distributor system to a plurality of monolith channels within the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Krishniah Parimi, Steven Xuqi Song, Moinuddin Ahmed, Thien Duyen Thi Nguyen
  • Patent number: 8691159
    Abstract: A modular catalyst bed support can be used to increase the number of catalyst beds available in a reactor. The modular catalyst bed support can include a lattice with a plurality of lattice openings and modules inserted into the lattice openings. The modular catalyst bed support can rest on top of an underlying catalyst bed, which can reduce or eliminate the need for attachment of the modular catalyst bed support to the walls of the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Exxonmobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Antonio O. Ramos, Benjamin S. Umansky, William J. Tracy, III, Ramesh X. Gandhi, Hans G. Korsten, John T. Wyatt, Jr., William J. Novak
  • Patent number: 8679414
    Abstract: Adsorbent dust can be recovered while spraying is prevented. An apparatus is provided with a desulfurization-denitration tower body and an adsorbent discharging device. An entrance louver and an exit louver are provided for forming a packed moving bed of an adsorbent that moves downward inside the tower body, the apparatus has a throttle portion provided with a side panel that is inclined so that a spacing gradually decreases toward a discharging device, the throttle portion being provided between the tower body and the discharging device, and first partitions are provided inside the throttle portion. A second partition extending along the incline direction of the side panel is provided at a predetermined distance from the bottom end of the exit louver above the side panel, and a gap is provided between the bottom end part of the exit louver and the side panel of the throttle portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: J-POWER EnTech, Inc.
    Inventors: Masahiro Miya, Koji Ono, Junya Mochida
  • Patent number: 8673246
    Abstract: One exemplary embodiment can be a process for contacting one or more fluids in a vessel. The process may include passing one or more fluids into a chamber from an overhead tray and providing a conduit outside the chamber coupling a respective spillway to a respective hole for increasing contact time inside the conduit. Typically, the chamber forms one or more sidewalls forming at least one hole and the overhead tray forms at least one spillway.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Pengfei Chen, Zhanping Xu
  • Patent number: 8597586
    Abstract: A shell-and-tube reactor is disclosed. Contact tubes are disposed within a cylindrical housing and are secured to tube plates. Gas and liquid phases are received via a feed opening in a lower end cap and discharged via an upper end cap in the housing. A distributor device for a gas phase/liquid phase mixture is disposed below the lowermost tube plate. The distributor device includes a distributor plate and a predistributor. The distributor plate is arranged horizontally within the housing and includes an active area having through-openings and a downward-extending margin, but does not extend over the entire cross section of the housing. The predistributor includes a second distributor plate disposed between the feed opening and the first distributor plate, wherein the second distributor plate includes a second active area with second through-openings and a second downward-extending margin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Wolfgang Gerlinger, Torsten Mattke, Oliver Bey
  • Patent number: 8580208
    Abstract: The present invention describes a reactor (1) for continuously preparing hydrogen sulfide H2S from hydrogen and sulfur, comprising a distributor device (15) for distributing gaseous hydrogen in a sulfur melt (9) present at least in a lower part of the reactor. The distributor device (15) is arranged in the sulfur melt (9) and comprises a distributor plate (16) which is arranged in the reactor (1) and has an edge (17) extending downward and, if appropriate, has passage orifices (19). The hydrogen from a hydrogen bubble which forms below the distributor plate (16) is (for example through the passage orifices (19)) distributed in the sulfur melt (9) via the distributor plate (16).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Andreas Woelfert, Herald Jachow, Heinz Driess
  • Patent number: 8568669
    Abstract: This invention relates to a device for cooling and distributing mixed charges on fixed catalyst beds for use in the cooling zone of descending flow reactors which comprises a flat tray fitted with collector and distributor tubes for liquid superimposed upon and connected to another flat tray of similar design to the upper tray. The device, which is of smaller size in comparison with other commercially available devices, is extremely simple to install industrially and compact, and has as its main characteristic the efficiency with which it promotes reduction of the temperature of the reaction medium when it receives the cooling fluid within the catalytic reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Petroleo Brasileiro S.A.—Petrobras
    Inventors: Wilson Kenzo Huziwara, Donizeti Aurelio Silva Belato, Jorge Roberto Duncan Lima, Rogério Michelan, William Victor Carlos Candido, Angelo Jose Gugelmin, Paulo Sérgio Freire, Nelson Patrício, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8535614
    Abstract: The present invention provides a reactor and a method for the production of high purity silicon granules. The reactor includes a reactor chamber; and the reaction chamber is equipped with a solid feeding port, auxiliary gas inlet, raw material gas inlet, and exhaust gas export. The reaction chamber is also equipped with an internal gas distributor; a heating unit; an external exhaust gas processing unit connected between a preheating unit and a gas inlet. The reaction chamber is further equipped with a surface finishing unit, a heating unit and a dynamics generating unit. The reaction is through decomposition of silicon containing gas in densely stacked high purity granular silicon layer reaction bed in relative motion, and to use remaining hear of exhaust gas for reheating. The present invention is to achieve a large scale, efficient, energy saving, continuous, low cost production of high purity silicon granules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Sunnyside Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Xi Chu
  • Patent number: 8529849
    Abstract: An improved reactor tube which includes a reactor tube, wherein the reactor tube is at least partially filled with at least one porous media catalyst, and at least one shape memory alloy element located within the reactor tube, wherein; at a first temperature, the shape memory alloy element has a first configuration, at a second temperature, the shape memory alloy element has a second configuration is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: American Air Liquide, Inc.
    Inventors: Pavol Pranda, Robert A. Gagliano, Tony M K Thampan
  • Patent number: 8519025
    Abstract: In a method for manufacturing a dispersion which includes a dispersion medium and particles dispersed therein, the method includes bringing at least two types of liquids into contact with each other to form a reaction product comprising the particles, wherein the liquids are ejected from respective nozzles to be brought into contact with each other and then to flow in an integrated manner while forming a spiral flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Takayuki Teshima, Tetsuo Hino, Yukio Hanyu
  • Publication number: 20130211165
    Abstract: Disclosed is a pyrolysis reaction process. The process can be advantageously accomplished using a pyrolysis reactor that has a primary reaction zone comprised of bed packing having multiple passages through the bed packing and a secondary reaction zone having an open flow arrangement. The process includes a step of injecting a pyrolysis feed comprising a first hydrocarbon into the primary reaction zone to produce a primary pyrolysis product containing unsaturated hydrocarbon. A reactive feed comprising a second hydrocarbon is injected into the secondary reaction zone to mix with the primary pyrolysis product and produce a secondary pyrolysis product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 7, 2013
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: James R. Lattner, Paul F. Keusenkothen, Frank Hershkowitz
  • Patent number: 8486339
    Abstract: There is provided a hydrogen chrolide gas ejecting nozzle 1 used in a reaction apparatus for producing trichlorosilane in which metal silicon powder is reacted with hydrogen chloride gas to generate trichlorosilane. The member is provided with a shaft portion extending in the longitudinal direction and a head portion that is provided on an end of the shaft portion and extends in a direction intersecting the longitudinal direction of the shaft portion. A supply hole extending in the longitudinal direction is formed in the shaft portion, a plurality of ejection holes are formed in the head portion, and each of the ejection holes is communicatively connected to the supply hole and opened on the outer surface of the head portion toward a direction intersecting the direction to which the supply hole extends.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventor: Chikara Inaba
  • Patent number: 8480965
    Abstract: Injection nozzles for use in a gas distribution device are disclosed. In one aspect, the injection nozzle may include: a tube having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet; wherein the inlet comprises a plurality of flow restriction orifices. In another aspect, embodiments disclosed herein relate to an injection nozzle for use in a gas distribution device, the injection nozzle including: a tube having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet; wherein the fluid inlet comprises an annular orifice surrounding a flow restriction device. Injection nozzles according to embodiments disclosed herein may be disposed in a gas distribution manifold used in a vessel, for example, for conducting polymerization reactions, spent catalyst regeneration, and coal gasification, among others.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Lummus Technology Inc.
    Inventors: Leonce Francis Castagnos, Jr., Ting Yee Chan, Norman Paul Kolb, Ronald Eugene Pieper
  • Patent number: 8475728
    Abstract: A device for mixing and distributing two gases upstream of the catalytic zone of a reactor by producing a homogeneous mixture and a profile of velocities which are as flat as possible. The device uses a plurality of internal chambers (I) enclosed in an external chamber (II), the external chamber communicating with each of the internal chambers via orifices pierced in the wall of said internal chambers (I) at a well-defined height. The external chamber (II) is provided with a perforated plate placed at a distance H2 from the inlet pipe for said chamber (II). The device is applied to the inlet of an autothermal reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Christophe Boyer, Andre Nicolle
  • Patent number: 8449763
    Abstract: Embodiments of a nozzle reactor of the type useable to inject a first material feed stock and a second material feed stock to cause interaction between the first material feed stock and second material feed stock are described herein. According to some embodiments, the nozzle reactor may crack residual oil produced by other processing units in a refinery process. Furthermore, nozzle reactors may replace traditional processing units of a refinery process, such as cokers, hydrocrackers and deasphalting units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Marathon Canadian Oil Sands Holding Limited
    Inventor: Willem P. C. Duyvesteyn
  • Patent number: 8435458
    Abstract: A system (8; 9; 50) is described of walls for catalytic beds of synthesis reactors (1), in which there is a wall (14) in direct contact with a catalytic bed (7) for containing it, said wall (14) having a plurality of portions (17) permeable to the gases and a plurality of portions (19; 54; 55) impermeable to the gases, said portions (17) permeable to the gases being equipped with slits (18; 52, 53; 60; 70) of a size such as to allow the free passage of the synthesis gases through them but not the passage of the catalyst, in which the slits are obtained with milling, water cutting or electro-erosion processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: Ammonia Casale S.A.
    Inventors: Mirco Tarozzo, Ermanno Filippi, Enrico Rizzi
  • Patent number: 8417434
    Abstract: A method of actively controlling pattern factor in a gas turbine engine includes the steps of issuing fuel into a combustion chamber of a gas turbine engine through one or more circumferentially disposed fuel injectors, determining an initial circumferential pattern factor in the combustion chamber, and adjusting fuel flow through one or more selected fuel injectors based on the initial circumferential pattern factor, to yield a modified circumferential pattern factor in the combustion chamber. The step of determining the circumferential pattern factor can include the steps of detecting a chemiluminescent signature within the combustor, correlating the chemiluminescent signature to an equivalence ratio, and computing the initial circumferential pattern factor based on the equivalence ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: Delavan Inc
    Inventors: Brandon Phillip Williams, Jerry Lee Goeke
  • Patent number: 8414840
    Abstract: Isothermal vertical reactor (1) for a chemical reaction, comprising a shell (2) with internal gas-permeable walls (16, 18) defining an inlet distribution chamber (17) and a product collecting chamber (19), an open-top catalytic bed between said gas-permeable walls, and a tube heat exchanger (5) embedded in said catalytic bed, the tube heat exchanger (5) comprising a bundle of U-tubes, where an inlet (14) is disposed to direct a fresh charge in an upper chamber (21) over the catalytic bed and the U-shaped top portion of the tube bundle; a portion (F1) of the fresh charge passes through the catalytic bed with a mixed axial-transversal flow, and another portion (F2) of the fresh charge enters the inlet gas-distribution chamber (17) and passes through the catalytic bed with a substantially transversal flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: Methanol Casale SA
    Inventors: Ermanno Filippi, Enrico Rizzi, Mirco Tarozzo
  • Patent number: 8409521
    Abstract: A tubular reactor for producing a product mixture in a tubular reactor where the tubular reactor comprises an internal catalytic insert with cup-shaped structures having orifices for forming fluid jets for impinging the fluid on the tube wall. Jet impingement is used to improve heat transfer between the fluid in the tube and the tube wall in a non-adiabatic reactor. The tubular reactor and method may be used for endothermic reactions such as steam methane reforming and for exothermic reactions such as methanation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Bo Jin, Robert Roger Broekhuis, Xiaoyi He, Shankar Nataraj, William Robert Licht, Diwakar Garg
  • Patent number: 8398930
    Abstract: The invention relates to a system for externally holding a catalyst bed in a radial flow catalytic reactor, comprising a plurality of hollow longitudinal duct elements (2) regularly distributed in a peripheral ring around a central space (3) containing the catalyst bed and having a front filtering wall (5) facing the catalyst for the radial intake of a fluid to be treated in the catalyst bed (3). Each of the duct elements (2) is laterally defined by two lateral walls (6) radially oriented in the reactor (1) and comprising an assembling means for assembly with the respectively adjacent elements (2?) of the male member in female member (7, 8) type.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: Euroslot
    Inventor: Abdol Hossein Naderi
  • Patent number: 8394326
    Abstract: A flow cytometer is provided which includes an interrogation flow cell and a plurality of assay fluidic lines extending into the interrogation flow cell. A method of operating such a flow cytometer includes priming the interrogation flow cell with a sheath fluid and injecting different assay fluids into a flow of the sheath fluid through the plurality of fluidic lines. A fluidic line assembly is provided which includes a plurality of capillary tubes coupled to a base section configured for coupling to an interrogation flow cell assembly of a flow cytometer. The capillary tubes are dimensionally configured such that when the fluidic line assembly is arranged within the flow cytometer and fluid is dispensed from one or more of the capillary tubes at a given pressure differential with respect to an encompassing sheath fluid within the interrogation flow cell the fluid is substantially centrally aligned within the interrogation flow cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: Luminex Corporation
    Inventors: Jarden E. Krager, William R. Deicher, Adam Richard Schilffarth, Paul Pempsell, Wayne D. Roth
  • Patent number: 8377386
    Abstract: Flow deflector that is capable of changing the flow direction of a fluid during passage through a duct. The duct is formed by an inner and outer duct, which creates an annular region in the duct. The flow deflector forces the fluid passing through the annular region of the duct to flow inside the inner duct, while the fluid passing through the inner duct is forced to flow through the annular region. Reactor tubes for catalytic reactors are formed by assembling tubes comprising said flow deflector and having a catalyst arranged in the inner tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Haldor Topsoe A/S
    Inventors: Jesper Norsk, Esben Lauge Sørensen, Niklas Jakobsson
  • Patent number: 8371041
    Abstract: An apparatus for upgrading coal comprising a baffle tower, inlet and exhaust plenums, and one or more cooling augers. The baffle tower comprises a plurality of alternating rows of inverted v-shaped inlet and outlet baffles. The inlet and outlet plenums are affixed to side walls of the baffle tower. Process gas enters the baffle tower from the inlet plenum via baffle holes in the side wall and dries the coal in the baffle tower. Process exhaust gas exits the baffle tower into the exhaust plenum via baffle holes in a different side wall of the baffle tower. Coal that enters the baffle tower descends by gravity downward through the baffle tower and enters a cooling auger, where the dried coal from the baffle tower is mixed with non-dried coal. A method of using the apparatus described above to upgrade coal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Syncoal Solutions Inc.
    Inventors: Harry E. Bonner, Roger B. Malmquist, Ray W. Sheldon
  • Patent number: 8337787
    Abstract: A compact device for mixing fluids in a downflow reactor comprising at least one substantially horizontal gathering device provided with a vertical gathering line intended to receive the fluids, at least one injection device arranged in the gathering line, an annular mixing chamber located downstream from the gathering means in the direction of circulation of the fluids, the mixing chamber comprising an inlet end directly connected to the gathering line and an outlet end for passage of the fluids, and a horizontal predistribution plate comprising at least one chimney, the plate being located downstream from the mixing chamber at a distance d2, in the direction of circulation of the fluids. The reactor is especially useful for exothermic reactions, e.g. hydrotreatment, hydrodesulfurization, hydrodenitrogenation, hydrocracking, hydrogenation and hydrodearomatization reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Frederic Augier, Denis Darmancier, Christophe Boyer
  • Patent number: 8337763
    Abstract: A system for removing unwanted contaminates from fluid using a scrubber, which comprises a housing, a reaction chamber having a liquid level, and an inlet connected to a source containing fluid to be scrubbed with a contamination concentration greater than zero ppb to saturation. An exit port connected to the housing used for evacuating scrubbed fluid and a sintered permeable membrane disposed across the reaction chamber, which provides a reaction zone in the plurality of pores when fluid to be scrubbed is introduced to the membrane on a first side while the membrane is immersed in the biodiesel or biomass and a cleaned fluid on a second side wherein the clean fluid initially has a drop in contamination concentration of at least 99 percent and gradually decreasing to 70 percent as additional fluid to be scrubbed is introduced to the plurality of pores without replacing the biodiesel or biomass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: Vapor Point, LLC
    Inventors: Jefferey St. Amant, Kenneth R. Matheson, Keith Nathan
  • Patent number: 8303904
    Abstract: With the help of a fixing device for catalyzer particles, wherein the catalyzer particles are packed in a bed which can be passed through by a gas flow in the direction of gravity, it is intended to achieve a minimum specific pressure loss which will remain low even if dirt should arise from the operating process; a fixing device which has a minimum influence on the period of presence of the gas flowing through; which ensures the reliable hold-down of the catalyzer particles even at high approach velocities; and which is flexible to a certain degree in order to adapt to bed changes. This is achieved by placing at least one layer of a metal braiding on the packed bed of the catalyzer particles, and the metal braiding consisting of individual metal braiding elements which are firmly braided together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: UHDE GmbH
    Inventors: Stefan Hamel, Thore Lohmann, Lothar Semrau
  • Patent number: 8293195
    Abstract: Systems and methods for contacting a liquid, gas, and/or a multi-phase mixture with particulate solids. The system can include a body having a first head and a second head disposed thereon. Two or more discrete fixed beds can be disposed across a cross-section of the body. One or more unobstructed fluid flow paths can bypass each fixed bed, and one or more baffles can be disposed between the fixed beds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Kellogg Brown & Root LLC
    Inventors: Kenneth L. Blanchard, David P. Mann
  • Patent number: 8282890
    Abstract: A vessel comprising a bed of randomly oriented ceramic media having fluid distribution channels incorporated in the outer surface of the media is disclosed. The channels capture and redirect the fluid thereby improving distribution of the fluid in the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc.
    Inventors: Hassan S. Niknafs, Daniel C. Sherman
  • Patent number: 8226895
    Abstract: A reaction apparatus for producing trichlorosilane in which metal silicon powder M is reacted with hydrogen chloride gas, thus generating trichlorosilane, includes: an apparatus body into which the metal silicon powder is supplied; and an ejection port for ejecting the hydrogen chloride gas into the apparatus body from the bottom part of the apparatus body, wherein a plurality of holed pieces having a through hole penetrating in the thickness direction and a plurality of pellets interposed between these holed pieces are stacked in a mixed state on the upper side of the ejection port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventor: Chikara Inaba
  • Patent number: 8216522
    Abstract: Catalyst regeneration vessels including a chlorination zone that includes an outer mixing chamber, an inner mixing chamber, and a catalyst bed. The outer mixing chamber can include a lower portion and an upper portion, the lower portion of the outer mixing chamber including at least one air nozzle that injects a drying air stream into the outer mixing chamber, at least one chlorine input nozzle that injects a chlorine input stream into the outer mixing chamber, and at least a first baffle. The chlorination zone can also contain a second baffle that directs the mixed drying air stream and chlorine input stream from the outer mixing chamber to the inner mixing chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Bing Sun, Paul A. Sechrist
  • Patent number: 8211375
    Abstract: The invention is a fluid distribution device for coupling with a fluid distribution conduit or chimney for improving the distribution of downwardly flowing poly-phase mixture including at least one gas phase and at least one liquid phase, above at least one catalyst bed of granular solid catalytic material. The fluid distribution device for receiving the liquid and gas phases has one or more openings in the top and/or upper portion of its height through which a gas phase can enter and has a gas conduit that opens to a mixing cavity within the device. The fluid distribution device further comprises one or more lateral openings for liquid ingress. The lateral opening or openings allow the liquid to enter a liquid conduit that opens to the internal mixing cavity. The mixing cavity allows intimate contact between the liquid and gas phases. Therefore the flow distribution device of the invention provides improved tolerance for tray out of levelness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Krishniah Parimi, Steven X. Song, Ralph E. Killen, Ronald K. Meeker, Steven A. Souers
  • Patent number: 8206657
    Abstract: An enclosure includes at least one packed bed and a mixture supply line for delivering at the bottom of the enclosure a mixture of a liquid with a gas. The enclosure includes a system for separating the liquid phase and the gas phase of the mixture, the system being arranged between the bed and the mixture supply line, and this system including a housing having a flow passage for the degassed liquid and discharge passages for the disengaged gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: IFP
    Inventors: Frédéric Augier, Robert Beaumont, Christophe Boyer, Denis Darmancier
  • Patent number: 8202498
    Abstract: Systems and apparatus for mixing, cooling, and distributing multiphase fluid mixtures within a reactor, wherein reactor internal apparatus of the present invention provides not only improved fluid mixing and distribution to each underlying catalyst bed surface, but also offers other advantages including: decreased mixing tray height; easier maintenance, assembly and disassembly; and decreased amounts of fabrication material. In an embodiment, fluid may be evenly distributed to a catalyst bed from a fluid distribution unit comprising a nozzle tray including a plurality of nozzles, wherein the nozzles include at least one liquid inlet disposed tangentially to an inner surface of the nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Ralph E. Killen, Craig Boyak, Steven X. Song, Abdenour Kemoun, Steve Souers, Krishniah Parimi, Zackory Akin