Including Solid, Extended Surface, Fluid Contact Reaction Means; E.g., Inert Raschig Rings, Particulate Absorbent, Particulate Or Monolithic Catalyst, Etc. Patents (Class 422/211)
  • Patent number: 10792609
    Abstract: A system for recovering nitrogen during regeneration of a treater, the system including an adsorbent bed downstream of the treater, wherein the adsorbent bed comprises an adsorbent operable to adsorb at least one impurity from a treater bed regeneration effluent stream comprising nitrogen to provide a nitrogen product having a higher nitrogen purity than a nitrogen purity of the treater bed regeneration effluent stream. A method for recovering nitrogen during regeneration of a treater is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Lei Ji, Gregory G. Hendrickson, Robert R. McElvain, Steven D. Bridges, Jennifer F. Drew
  • Patent number: 10604709
    Abstract: A multi-stage process for reducing the production of a Product Heavy Marine Fuel Oil from Distressed Fuel Oil Materials (DFOM) involving a pre-treatment process that transforms the DFOM into Feedstock HMFO which is subsequently sent to a Core Process for removing the Environmental Contaminates. The Product Heavy Marine Fuel Oil complies with ISO 8217 for residual marine fuel oils and has a sulfur level has a maximum sulfur content (ISO 14596 or ISO 8754) between the range of 0.05 mass % to 1.0 mass. A process plant for conducting the process is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2020
    Assignee: Magēmā Technology LLC
    Inventors: Michael Joseph Moore, Bertrand Ray Klussmann, Carter James White
  • Patent number: 10601010
    Abstract: A vent cap assembly for recombining water for a battery includes a cylindrical base having an upper portion and a lower portion. The lower portion configured to be inserted into a vent port. A cap encloses the cylindrical base. A catalyst component is received in the base configured to hydronate hydrogen and oxygen to water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Inventors: Michael A. Doyle, Drew Barrett
  • Patent number: 10539324
    Abstract: A system for combusting a methane stream in an ITM combustion reactor and a method of combusting the methane stream, wherein an optimized volumetric flow rate of the methane stream provides an off-stoichiometric molar ratio of methane to oxygen, which is provided by an ITM in the ITM combustion reactor, and the method further offers a relatively constant oxygen flux via the ITM as well as a prolonged membrane stability. Various embodiments of the system and the method are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM AND MINERALS
    Inventors: Khaled Mezghani, Amir Hamza
  • Patent number: 10508243
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing liquid or solid hydrocarbons from a synthesis gas via Fischer-Tropsch synthesis which does not carry out a separate reduction pre-treatment for catalyst activation. The method for producing liquid or solid hydrocarbons from a synthesis gas using Fischer-Tropsch synthesis according to the present invention comprises: a first step of applying an iron-based catalyst for the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in which the number of iron atoms in the ferrihydrite phase fraction equals 10 to 100% and the number of iron atoms in the hematite phase fraction equals 0 to 90%, with respect to 100% of the number of the number of iron atoms, to a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reactor; and a second step of activating the catalyst for the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis by a synthesis gas which is a reactant under the conditions of the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and carrying out the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis by means of the activated catalyst for the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2019
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Dong Hyun Chun, Heon Jung, Sung Jun Hong, Ji Chan Park, Ho Tae Lee, Jung Il Yang
  • Patent number: 10363535
    Abstract: A gas-liquid-solid three-phase slurry bed industrial reactor capable of achieving continuous operation comprises an inlet gas distribution component composed of a false bottom and inlet gas distribution tubes, one or more layers of heat exchange tube components used for heating/cooling the bed, one or more layers of liquid-solid separator components capable of being cleaned automatically, an outlet gas-liquid-solid entrainment separation component located in the upper portion of the interior of the reactor and used for removing liquid foam and solid entrainments, a plurality of layers of solid concentration uniform distribution devices used for reducing the catalyst concentration gradient and the inlet-outlet temperature difference of the reactor, a flow guiding device located on a component support beam and used for preventing catalyst accumulation, and auxiliary systems including a filter-backflush system and a washing system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: SHANGHAI YANKUANG ENERGY R&D CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Qiwen Sun, Jianmin Wu, Liang Dong, Zongsen Zhang, Jisen Liu, Jianping Yue, Fang Yan
  • Patent number: 10252911
    Abstract: An autothermal reforming catalytic structure for generating hydrogen gas from liquid hydrocarbons, steam and an oxygen source. The autothermal reforming catalytic structure includes a support structure and nanosized mixed metal oxide particles dispersed homogenously throughout the support structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignees: Saudi Arabian Oil Company, The University of Queensland
    Inventors: Jorge N. Beltramini, Moses O. Adebajo, Joao Carlos Diniz Da Costa, Gao Qing Lu, Thang V. Pham, Sai P. Katikaneni
  • Patent number: 10252910
    Abstract: An autothermal reforming catalytic structure for generating hydrogen gas from liquid hydrocarbons, steam and an oxygen source. The autothermal reforming catalytic structure includes a support structure and nanosized mixed metal oxide particles dispersed homogenously throughout the support structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignees: Saudi Arabian Oil Company, The University of Queensland
    Inventors: Jorge N. Beltramini, Moses O. Adebajo, Joao Carlos Diniz Da Costa, Gao Qing Lu, Thang V. Pham, Sai P. Katikaneni
  • Patent number: 10188997
    Abstract: The invention provides a support distributor for a scallop for use in a radial flow reactor. The support distributor includes an elongated sheet having a plurality of perforations extending through a thickness thereof, and at least three edges along a length thereof so as to form a member having at least three support points which engage an inner surface of the scallop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: Woven Metal Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Russell Hillenburg, Gene Eberhardt, Heather Bennett
  • Patent number: 10052603
    Abstract: A radial flow reactor is described. It includes a vertically extending vessel, an outer conduit, and a central conduit. At least a portion of the outer conduit and the central conduit comprises a screen. A particle retaining space is defined by at least one of the vessel, the central conduit, and the outer conduit, and it communicates with the screen of the outer conduit and the central conduit. An inlet distribution ring is positioned on the outer conduit. The inlet distribution ring comprises a ring having at least one opening and at least one vertically extending riser tube. One end of the riser tube is sealed to the ring, and the other end is positioned inside the outer conduit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Bryan J. Egolf, Jeffrey Grott, Emadoddin Abbasi, Michael J. Vetter, Ka Lok
  • Patent number: 10046967
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for the production of hydrogen from a H2S-containing gas stream also containing ammonia, comprising subjecting both gas stream to catalytic oxidative cracking of both the H2S and the NH3, so as to form H2, S2 and N2. In this method, preferably, an additional amount of oxygen is added as compared to the amount used for H2S catalytic oxidative cracking. Also, preferably, the contact time of the gas stream with the catalyst is increased. The catalyst preferably is provided as a single bed, and then preferably comprises iron and molybdenum supported by a carrier comprising aluminum. The preferred carrier is alumina. The iron and molybdenum preferably are in the form of sulfides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: STAMICARBON B.V. ACTING UNDER THE NAME OF MT INNOVATION CENTER
    Inventors: Michele Colozzi, Lucia Barbato, Fabio Angelini, Emma Palo, Vincenzo Palma, Vincenzo Vaiano
  • Patent number: 10010858
    Abstract: A process is described for treating a natural gas stream containing methane and one or more higher hydrocarbons including the steps of mixing at least a portion of the natural gas stream with steam; passing the mixture adiabatically over a supported precious metal reforming catalyst to generate a reformed gas mixture comprising methane, steam, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and hydrogen; cooling the reformed gas mixture to below the dew point to condense water and removing the condensate to provide a de-watered reformed gas mixture, and passing the de-watered reformed gas mixture through an acid gas recovery unit to remove carbon dioxide and at least a portion of the hydrogen and carbon monoxide, thereby generating a methane stream. The methane stream may be used to adjust the composition of a natural gas stream, including a vaporized LNG stream, to meet pipeline specifications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventor: Stephen John Catchpole
  • Patent number: 10005079
    Abstract: A catalyst for catalytic reactors of which the outer shape is a helix with n blades, where n is greater than or equal to 1, wherein the stack void fraction percentage is between 75% and 85% and the surface area/volume ratio is greater than 1000 square meters/square meters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignees: L'Air Liquide, Société Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procédés Georges Claude, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
    Inventors: Marie Basin, Caroline Bertail, Pascal Del-Gallo, Daniel Gary, Amara Fezoua, Nik Lygeros, Clémence Nikitine, Isabelle Pitault, Frédéric Bornette
  • Patent number: 9975768
    Abstract: A system for generating and purifying hydrogen. To generate hydrogen, the system includes inlets configured to receive a hydrogen carrier and an inert insulator, a mixing chamber configured to combine the hydrogen carrier and the inert insulator, a heat exchanger configured to apply heat to the mixture of hydrogen carrier and the inert insulator, wherein the applied heat results in the generation of hydrogen from the hydrogen carrier, and an outlet configured to release the generated hydrogen. To purify hydrogen, the system includes a primary inlet to receive a starting material and an ammonia filtration subassembly, which may include an absorption column configured to absorb the ammonia into water for providing purified hydrogen at a first purity level. The ammonia filtration subassembly may also include an adsorbent member configured to adsorb ammonia from the starting material into an adsorbent for providing purified hydrogen at a second purity level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: Purdue Research Foundation
    Inventors: Arvind Varma, Hyun Tae Hwang, Ahmad Al-Kukhun
  • Patent number: 9944533
    Abstract: Present invention relates to a process and an installation (100) for the preparation of hydrogen cyanide by the Andrussow process, and more precisely for improving the conditions of mixing the reactant gases before feeding the Andrussow type reactor (60), in order to improve safety, to avoid any risk of explosion and to produce HCN in safe and efficient manner. The installation is configured in such a manner that oxygen is pre-mixed with air with a ratio comprised between 20.95% and 32.5% by volume, preferably between 25% and 30.5% by volume; methane containing gas and ammonia are simultaneously added in the pre-mixture of oxygen-enriched air in such a manner that the volumic ratio of methane to ammonia is comprised between 1.35 and 1.02 depending on the content of oxygen into air; said obtained reactant gases mixture having a temperature comprised between 80° C. and 120° C., preferably between 95° C. and 115° C. for feeding the Andrussow type reactor (60).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventors: Yves Bernardin, Xavier Marcarian, Romain Billon
  • Patent number: 9901905
    Abstract: A monolith for catalytic or sorbent purposes. The monolith includes a substrate sheet having attached thereto a plurality of catalytic or sorbent beads. Each bead has a diameter of at least fifty microns. The substrate sheet at least partially defines one or more channels through the monolith. Fluid flowing through the channels will contact the beads for catalytic or sorbent purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: William A. Whittenberger, Lorne W. Deyoung, Todd A. Romesberg, David A. Becker, Snezana Aleksic
  • Patent number: 9771720
    Abstract: A rain gutter system, including a gutter, and a debris cover, and a method of manufacturing the gutter and the debris cover, wherein the gutter includes a front wall and a back wall interconnected through a bottom and spaced-apart to cooperatively define a water-collecting channel therebetween, the front wall including a lip extending in the direction toward the back wall and a drip edge extending in a direction away from the back wall, the back wall extending upward vertically beyond the height of the front wall. In further embodiments, the rain gutter system includes at least one hanger, and the at least one hanger is positioned in the channel of the gutter, spaced-apart from the bottom. The debris cover allows water to penetrate the debris cover, is attached on top of the gutter at a desirable pitch, and includes a mircomesh.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2017
    Inventor: Daniel Robert Martin
  • Patent number: 9694339
    Abstract: A chemical synthesis device that can easily control the temperature of a fluid in a channel is provided. An embodiment of a chemical synthesis device according to the invention includes a substrate provided with a first channel in which a plurality of fluids are subjected to a chemical synthesis and a second channel for controlling a temperature of the fluids flowing through the first channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2017
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventor: Takashi Miyata
  • Patent number: 9676622
    Abstract: An object is to provide a process for providing hydrogen or heavy hydrogens conveniently without the necessity of large-scale equipment and a process capable of performing hydrogenation (protiation, deuteration or tritiation) reaction conveniently without the use of an expensive reagent and a special catalyst. The production process includes a process for producing hydrogen or heavy hydrogens, containing subjecting water or heavy water to mechanochemical reaction in the presence of a catalyst metal, and a process for producing a hydrogenated (protiated, deuterated or tritiated) organic compound, containing subjecting an organic compound and water or heavy water to mechanochemical reaction in the presence of a catalyst metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: SHIONO CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hironao Sajiki, Yasunari Monguchi, Yoshinari Sawama, Shinichi Kondo
  • Patent number: 9548510
    Abstract: A method of fabricating a fuel cell component for use with or as part of a fuel cell in a fuel cell stack, the method comprising: providing a fuel cell component, providing a deposition assembly for depositing loading material particles onto the fuel cell component, and actuating the deposition assembly to cause the deposition assembly to deposit said loading material particles onto said fuel cell component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2017
    Assignee: FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.
    Inventors: Salvador E. Correa, Thomas M. Lucas, Lawrence J. Novacco
  • Patent number: 9540239
    Abstract: The invention is a hydrogen generator including a housing, a reaction area, a fluid reservoir, a pellet comprising a first reactant within the reaction area, a fluid comprising a second reactant within the fluid reservoir, a fluid flow path between the fluid reservoir and the reaction area, and a hydrogen outlet. The fluid flow path comprises a follower assembly biased toward the pellet, the follower assembly includes an articulated joint and a follower, and the second reactant can react with the first reactant in the reaction area to produce hydrogen gas and byproducts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignee: Intelligent Energy Limited
    Inventors: Russell H. Barton, Jason L. Stimits
  • Patent number: 9492787
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for preventing the contamination by platinum of an SCR catalyst in an exhaust-gas treatment system, said system comprising an oxidation catalyst containing platinum on the inflow side of the SCR catalyst. The outflow side of the oxidation catalyst comprises a material zone which removes traces of platinum contained in the exhaust-gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: UNICORE AG & CO. KG
    Inventors: Frank-Walter Schuetze, Marcus Pfeifer, Michael Schiffer, Martin Symalla, Christoph Hengst
  • Patent number: 9486765
    Abstract: The invention relates to a commercially viable modular ceramic oxygen transport membrane reforming reactor configured using repeating assemblies of oxygen transport membrane tubes and catalytic reforming reactors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Assignee: PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Sean M. Kelly, Gervase Maxwell Christie, Charles Robinson, Jamie R. Wilson, Javier E. Gonzalez, Uttam R. Doraswami
  • Patent number: 9458024
    Abstract: Method for the productioii of ammorsia, and optionally urea, from a flue gas effluent from an oxygen-fired, process, wherein the production of ammonia and optionally urea includes a net power production. Also provided is a method to effect cooling in an oxygen-fired process with air separation unit exit gases utilizing either closed or open cooling loop cycles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Assignee: Grannus LLC
    Inventor: James Kelly Merritt
  • Patent number: 9452411
    Abstract: The catalytic reactor with downward flow comprises a chamber (1) containing at least two solid catalyst beds (2; 11) separated by an intermediate zone comprising an essentially horizontal collecting plate (5) communicating with a vertical collecting pipe (7) for receiving fluids collected by the collecting plate, with a means for injecting a quenching fluid (8) emptying into the collecting pipe. An annular mixing chamber (9) is located below the collecting plate (5). A predistribution plate (11) is arranged below the chamber (9). The injection means (8) comprises a tubular portion that empties into the collecting pipe (7) in such a way as to inject quenching fluid in a direction forming an angle ? between 45° and 135° with the direction D from the axis of the mixing chamber measured at its input end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventors: Yacine Haroun, Frederic Augier
  • Patent number: 9452417
    Abstract: The catalyst disclosed is a catalyst including palladium-ruthenium alloy fine particles in which palladium and ruthenium form a solid solution. The palladium-ruthenium alloy fine particles used in this catalyst can be produced by a production method including the step of maintaining a solution containing a protective agent, a reducing agent, a palladium compound or palladium ions, and a ruthenium compound or ruthenium ions at a temperature equal to or higher than a predetermined temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: Japan Science and Technology Agency
    Inventors: Hiroshi Kitagawa, Kohei Kusada, Katsutoshi Nagaoka, Katsutoshi Sato, Md. Shahajahan Kutubi
  • Patent number: 9401521
    Abstract: Disclosed is a technique of diagnosing a state of a fuel cell system. The technique includes configuring a processor to calculate a duty ratio and an average output current, based on real-time driving data for a preset driving period, during operation of a fuel cell vehicle; obtain a reference current value from the calculated duty ratio and the calculated average output current; and determine a state of a fuel cell system by choosing a state graph corresponding to the obtained reference current value among a plurality of state graphs which vary depending on each reference current value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2016
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Hyo Seop Kim, Il Hee Cho, Jong Hyun Lee
  • Patent number: 9383099
    Abstract: A sealing system of a burner basket in an ammonia oxidation burner, wherein the burner basket has a wall that is anchored in the ammonia oxidation burner and the burner basket has a gas-permeable bottom plate, which is placed on further internal fittings of the ammonia oxidation burner and has a peripheral rim, wherein the wall and the gas-permeable bottom plate are not mechanically connected to each other, and so there is a gap between the wall and the peripheral rim of the bottom plate, wherein at the peripheral rim of the bottom plate a rim seal that is made up of individual segments is mounted movably by way of guiding pins and the rim seal projects over the gap between the peripheral rim of the bottom plate to the wall and lies against the wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Assignee: Thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions Gmbh
    Inventor: Jürgen Fuchs
  • Patent number: 9374895
    Abstract: The present invention provides a laminate in which at least a layer including a support, a primer layer, a first conductive layer, an insulating layer, and a second conductive layer are laminated, wherein the insulating layer is formed by coating at least a portion of or entirety of a surface of the first conductive layer with a resin composition and drying the resin composition; and the second conductive layer includes a second plating seed layer formed by coating a portion of or entirety of a surface of the insulating layer with a fluid containing a conductive substance, and a second plating layer formed on a surface of the second plating seed layer. This laminate has high adhesion between layers and allows the high adhesion to be maintained even upon exposure to a high-temperature and high-humidity environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2016
    Assignee: DIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Akira Murakawa, Jun Shirakami, Wataru Fujikawa, Yukie Saitou
  • Patent number: 9176472
    Abstract: An exhaust fan, an exhaust duct through which a discharged gas flows and a filter which is provided in the exhaust duct are included. A curved portion is provided in the exhaust duct, and the filter is provided on a downstream side in a direction of flow of the gas with respect to the curved portion. On an inside wall of the curved portion of the exhaust duct on an outer side in a radial direction, a first flow control member that uniformizes the amount of the gas flowing through the filter is provided so as to be perpendicular to the shaft of the curved portion, and a space is formed between the first flow control member and an inside wall of the curved portion on an inner side in the radial direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignee: KONICA MINOLTA, INC.
    Inventors: Yusuke Nakayama, Naoki Kataoka, Hideji Hayashi
  • Patent number: 9039987
    Abstract: A ceramic mass transfer packing element that includes a planar end surface which intersects an internal wall's geometric plane at an acute angle is disclosed. A process for making the packing element and an apparatus that uses the packing element are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc.
    Inventor: Daniel C. Sherman
  • Publication number: 20150141238
    Abstract: Nanocatalysts and methods of using the same to obtain aromatic hydrocarbon compounds from a source of carbon atoms and a source of hydrogen atoms in a single reaction step is provided. The catalyst comprises an Fe/Fe3O4 nanocatalyst that may be supported on a non-reactive support material such as a zeolite or alumina CO2 and H2 are preferred sources of carbon and hydrogen atoms for the reaction. The aromatic hydrocarbon compounds produced are suitable for direct usage as fuel without need for further refining.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2015
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Hongwang Wang, Stefan H. Bossmann, Donghai Wang, Deryl L. Troyer, Tej Shrestha
  • Publication number: 20150133294
    Abstract: In one aspect, the present invention provides a chromatographic stationary phase material for various different modes of chromatography represented by Formula 1: [X](W)a(Q)b(T)c (Formula 1). X can be a high purity chromatographic core composition having a surface comprising a silica core material, metal oxide core material, an inorganic-organic hybrid material or a group of block copolymers thereof. W can be absent and/or can include hydrogen and/or can include a hydroxyl on the surface of X. Q can be a functional group that minimizes retention variation over time (drift) under chromatographic conditions utilizing low water concentrations. T can include one or more hydrophilic, polar, ionizable, and/or charged functional groups that chromatographically interact with the analyte. Additionally, b and c can be positive numbers, with the ratio 0.05?(b/c)?100, and a?0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 15, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: Waters Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Kevin D. Wyndham, Michael F. Morris, Darryl W. Brousmiche, Jason F. Hill, Jacob N. Fairchild
  • Patent number: 9028625
    Abstract: The present invention provides a high Al-content steel sheet having an excellent workability and a method of production of the same at a low cost by mass production, a high Al-content metal foil and a method of production of the same, and a metal substrate using a high Al-content metal foil, that is, a high Al-content steel sheet having an Al content of 6.5 mass % to 10 mass %, the high Al-content steel sheet characterized by having one or both of a {222} plane integration of an ?-Fe crystal with respect to the surface of the steel sheet of 60% to 95% or a {200} plane integration of 0.01% to 15% and a method of production of the same, a high Al-content metal foil and a method of production of the same, and a metal substrate using a high Al-content metal foil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Steel Materials Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toru Inaguma, Takayuki Kobayashi, Hiroaki Sakamoto
  • Patent number: 9023297
    Abstract: A plant for preparing monosilane (SiH4) by catalytic disproportionation of trichlorosilane (SiHCl3) includes a reaction column having a feed line for trichlorosilane and a discharge line for silicon tetrachloride (SiCl4) formed, and at least one condenser via which monosilane produced can be discharged from the reaction column, wherein the reaction column has at least two reactive/distillative reaction regions operated at different temperatures and containing different catalytically active solids, at least one of the reaction regions containing a catalytically active solid based on vinylpyridine, and at least one of the reaction regions containing a catalytically active solid based on styrene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Schmid Silicon Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Adolf Petrik, Christian Schmid, Jochem Hahn
  • Publication number: 20150118145
    Abstract: A device for generating ultra-pure hydrogen comprising a substantially cylindrical palladium tube having a first end and a second end, wherein the first end is hermetically sealed with a jointing technique; a collection end; a valve disposed within a hydrogen conductor having two ends, wherein the second end of the palladium tube is hermetically sealed to one end of the hydrogen conductor and the collecting end is connected to the other end of the hydrogen conductor; and a screen opposingly disposed from the flame source and about the substantially cylindrical diffusion-catalytic membrane, the central axis of the screen is disposed substantially parallelly with the central axis of the substantially cylindrical diffusion-catalytic membrane. In one embodiment, a fuel comprising gasoline and ethanol of a concentration ranging from about 2.5 to 10% by volume is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: AMAZONICA, CORP. DBA EURO AMERICAN HYDROGEN CORP
    Inventor: Gennadiy Glazunov
  • Patent number: 9011781
    Abstract: The invention describes catalysts, methods of making catalysts, methods of making a microchannel reactor, and methods of conducting chemical reactions. It has been discovered that superior performance can be obtained from a catalyst formed by directly depositing a catalytic material onto a (low surface area) thermally-grown alumina layer. Improved methods of conducting oxidative dehydrogenations are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Velocys, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard Long, Junko M. Watson, Francis P. Daly, Terry Mazanec, Barry L. Yang
  • Patent number: 9011790
    Abstract: A reactor for carrying out a three-phase reaction of a liquid phase, a gaseous phase, and a catalyst over a fixed catalyst bed is disclosed. The liquid and gaseous phases are passed through the reactor via a mixing and distribution device positioned over the fixed catalyst bed. The mixing and distribution device includes a trough distributor for the liquid phase, having trough-shaped channels, outlet tubes in the trough-shaped channels for the liquid phase, a distributor plate below the trough distributor, and vertical nozzles, having one or more openings for the gaseous phase and one or more openings, arranged below the openings for the gaseous phase. For entry of the liquid phase, the nozzles are installed so that, at a predetermined liquid feed rate, the surface of the liquid on the distributor plate is below the openings for the gaseous phase and above the openings for the liquid phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Stefan Iselborn, Andreas Daiss, Reiner Geier, Marcus Bechtel, Michael Wille, Benjamin Hepfer, John Sauter
  • Patent number: 9011789
    Abstract: A treatment system and a method for removal of at least one halogenated compound, such as PCBs, found in contaminated systems are provided. The treatment system includes a polymer blanket for receiving at least one non-polar solvent. The halogenated compound permeates into or through a wall of the polymer blanket where it is solubilized with at least one non-polar solvent received by said polymer blanket forming a halogenated solvent mixture. This treatment system and method provides for the in situ removal of halogenated compounds from the contaminated system. In one embodiment, the halogenated solvent mixture is subjected to subsequent processes which destroy and/or degrade the halogenated compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Jacqueline W. Quinn, Christian A. Clausen, Cherie L. Yestrebsky
  • Patent number: 9005538
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a reactor tube comprising a fixed bed of Fischer-Tropsch catalyst particles, wherein the catalyst particles in 5%-40% of the fixed bed volume at the upstream end have an average outer surface to volume ratio (S/V) of between 3.0 to 4.5 mm-1, and the remaining catalyst particles have an average S/V of between 4.5 to 8.0 mm-1, and wherein the difference between the average S/V of the particles at the upstream end and the remaining fixed bed volume is at least 0.5 mm-1. Additionally the fixed bed volume at the upstream end shows a full-bed apparent catalytic activity per volume unit lower than the full-bed apparent catalytic activity per volume unit in the remaining fixed bed volume and/or the weight of catalytically active metal per weight unit at the upstream end is more than 70% lower than in the remaining fixed bed volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Robert Martijn Van Hardeveld, Thomas Joris Remans, Erwin Roderick Stobbe
  • Patent number: 8992850
    Abstract: A fuel processor with a floating catalyst has a reactant gas passage and a product gas passage separated by a separating wall which is fixed at one end and free at the other end, to permit differential thermal expansion. The catalyst is received inside the separating wall proximate to the free end. An outer wall at least partially surrounds the separating wall and the fixed end of the separating wall may be joined to the outer wall. The fuel processor may comprise a plurality of concentric tubes, and may include a third tube located inside the separator wall. The gas passages are provided with gas permeable support structures such as turbulizers or fins which support the separating wall relative to the outer wall, but the support structures are bonded to only one tube in order to permit differential thermal expansion of the walls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Dana Canada Corporation
    Inventor: Doug Vanderwees
  • Publication number: 20150078969
    Abstract: A catalytic converter apparatus includes a housing having an inlet port, an outlet port, a chamber, an access opening, and an interior sealing surface generally encompassing a periphery of one of the inlet and outlet ports in the chamber. A substrate assembly is insertable into the chamber and removable from the chamber through the access opening, and includes a catalyst matrix for treating fluid. A positioning mechanism removably supports the substrate assembly within the chamber so that movement of the substrate assembly in a lateral direction generally parallel to the interior sealing surface moves the substrate assembly in an axial direction generally perpendicular to the interior sealing surface. The positioning mechanism may guide the substrate assembly in the axial direction into sealing engagement with the one of the inlet and outlet ports to provide a fluid flow path through the catalyst matrix between the inlet and outlet ports.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: John P. Muter, Haiqing Liu
  • Patent number: 8980183
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing a catalyst comprising a tank configured to prepare an aqueous mixed solution containing a Mo compound, a V compound and a Nb compound, a dryer configured to spray-dry the aqueous mixed solution, and a pipe for connecting the tank with the dryer so that the aqueous mixed solution can be supplied from the tank to the dryer, wherein a heater configured to heat the aqueous mixed solution is provided in the tank and/or the pipe, and a filter configured to filtrate the aqueous mixed solution is provided in the pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Takaaki Kato, Satoshi Endo, Minoru Kadowaki
  • Patent number: 8980194
    Abstract: The present invention pertains to a reactor tube comprising a fixed bed of Fischer-Tropsch catalyst particles, wherein the catalyst particles in 5% to 40% of the fixed bed volume at the upstream end have an average outer surface to volume ratio (S/V) in the range of between 3.0 to 4.5 mm?1, and the catalyst particles in the remaining fixed bed volume have an average outer surface to volume ratio (S/V) in the range of between 4.5 to 8.0 mm?1, and wherein the difference between the average S/V of the particles at the upstream end and the average S/V of the particles in the remaining fixed bed volume is at least 0.5 mm?1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Alouisius Nicolaas Renée Bos, Peter John Van Den Brink, Thomas Joris Remans, Erwin Roderick Stobbe, Dominik Johannes Michael Unruh, Ronald Vladimir Wisman
  • Patent number: 8974739
    Abstract: An improved method for producing an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) porous film or tape supporting catalyst particles. The method for producing an expanded PTFE porous film or tape supporting catalyst particles according to the invention comprises a step of preparing tape-like porous PTFE, a step of impregnating the tape-like porous PTFE with a solution or dispersion of catalyst particles, a step of substantially removing the solvent or dispersing medium, and a step of further stretching the tape-like porous PTFE containing the catalyst particles in the machine direction (MD) and/or the transverse direction (TD).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: W. L. Gore & Associates, Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kazumasa Yoshida
  • Patent number: 8968692
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for removing sulfur from a gaseous or liquid mixture. This method involves contacting the gaseous or liquid mixture with an iron-enriched matrix under conditions effective to remove sulfur from the mixture through adsorption of the sulfur to the matrix. The iron-enriched matrix used in this method is a lignocellulosic material that is enriched with iron. The present invention also relates to a system, composition, and plant fertilizer that contain the iron-enriched matrix. Methods of making the composition and preparing a plant fertilizer are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Cornell University
    Inventor: Gary E. Harman
  • Patent number: 8961892
    Abstract: Devices for selective hydrogenation of azide and peroxide compounds include at least one porous element, for example a solid metallic structure positioned within a reaction tube of a tubular housing. The porous element includes a framework of interconnected elements establishing a plurality of shells respectively defining a plurality of hollow spaces of predetermined geometrical configuration. Each of the shells includes holes that fluid-connect adjacent ones of the spaces to thereby allow a cross-flow of the azide or peroxide compounds through the porous element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Cédric Hutter, Francesco Mascarello, Philipp Von Rohr Rudolf, David Ruppen
  • Patent number: 8961891
    Abstract: A heat sink is used to absorb heat produced by a vehicle. The heat sink uses an endothermic catalytic alcohol dehydrogenation reaction to assist with the absorption of excess heat produced in the electronics of the vehicle. In some embodiments, the alcohol can be pre-heated by absorbing heat from various components of the vehicle. Excess heat from the various components or from the vehicle engine can be used to vaporize the reaction fluids in order to further absorb additional heat. Reaction fluids can also be sent to the vehicle's engine/burner for use as a supplemental fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: Ashish B. Mhadeshwar, Daniel Norton, Robert James Perry, Paul Glaser, Patrick Edward Pastecki
  • Patent number: 8961882
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a multifunctional module comprising one or more units selected from the group consisting of reactor units, filter units, membrane units, reactor-separator units, clarificator units, purificator units, extractor units, and mixer units. The units are connected parallel or in series or both to each other, and each unit has at least one member having a surface, which surface is rotating with the member. The member is rotating around an axis making the unit operate under centrifugal force. One or more chambers for fluids are co-rotating with the rotating member. The present invention relates further to units which could be used in a spinning multifunctional module, and use of a spinning multifunctional module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Alfa Laval Corporate AB
    Inventors: Kasper Höglund, Barry Johnson, Tommy Noren
  • Publication number: 20150051066
    Abstract: An apparatus and process for passivating catalysts wherein an inert gas is used to administer a precise, measurable amount of passivating agent to a catalyst in a substantially safer manner than conventional means. The inventive apparatus at least includes a first container comprising at least one inert gas, a second container comprising at least one passivating agent, and a reactor comprising at least one catalyst, the first container, second container, and reactor being fluidly connected by a plurality of conduits. The inventive process at least includes pressurizing a first container with an inert gas, filling a second container with passivating agent, providing a reactor containing a passivatable catalyst, mixing the inert with the passivating agent, forming a mixture of passivating agent and inert gas, and introducing the mixture of passivating agent and inert gas into the reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Robert G. Tinger, John J. Monson