Including Means Separating Reaction Chamber Into Plural Reactant-containing Compartments And Means Moving Reactant Therebetween Patents (Class 422/236)
  • Patent number: 9738889
    Abstract: A syringe device having a plunger beneath which is disposed a rupturable capsule containing a nucleic acid wash buffer and a rupturing mechanism for rupturing the capsule, wherein the capsule, syringe, plunger, and rupturing mechanism are so configured as to first apply pneumatic pressure to force a nucleic acid solution through a membrane and to thereafter rupture the capsule and force a first volume of the wash buffer through the membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Inventor: Daniel Lai
  • Patent number: 9708599
    Abstract: A method of processing a sample may include introducing a sample into a vessel, the vessel having proximal and distal ends, the sample being introduced into the proximal end of the vessel; incubating the sample in the vessel with a substance capable of specific binding to a preselected component of the sample; propelling components of the incubated sample, other than the preselected component, toward the proximal end of the vessel by clamping the vessel distal to the incubated sample and compressing the vessel where the incubated sample is contained; propelling the preselected component toward a distal segment of the vessel by clamping the vessel proximal to the preselected component and compressing the vessel where the preselected component is contained; and mixing the preselected component with a reagent in the distal segment of the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: Roche Molecular Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Shuqi Chen, Lingjun Chen
  • Patent number: 9422212
    Abstract: A process for producing methanol, where a hydrocarbon feedstock (1) is reformed and a make-up syngas is reacted in a synthesis loop, obtaining crude methanol which is further treated to obtain high-grade methanol, and where the carbon dioxide dissolved in the crude methanol is recycled to the reforming section in order to adjust the stoichiometric number of the make-up syngas. In a preferred embodiment, a flash gas (9) separated from the crude methanol (8) and light ends (10) coming from distillation are recycled to a compressor (106) and fed to a primary reformer (100); further carbon dioxide can be recycled from the flue gas (11).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2016
    Assignee: Casale SA
    Inventors: Sergio Panza, Giovanni Luigi Capetti
  • Patent number: 9005539
    Abstract: A reaction chamber including an upper region for processing a substrate, a lower region for loading a substrate, a susceptor movable within the reaction chamber, a first sealing member positioned on a perimeter of the susceptor, a second sealing member positioned between the upper region and the lower region, wherein the first and second sealing members are selectively engaged with one another to limit communication between the upper region and the lower region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: ASM IP Holding B.V.
    Inventors: Michael Halpin, Eric Shero, Carl White, Fred Alokozai, Jerry Winkler, Todd Dunn
  • Patent number: 8980143
    Abstract: A method for transforming a selected polymeric material into a plurality of reaction products via supercritical water is disclosed. The method comprises: conveying the selected polymeric material through an extruder, wherein the extruder is configured to continuously convey the selected polymeric material to a supercritical fluid reaction zone; injecting hot compressed water into the supercritical fluid reaction zone, while the extruder is conveying the selected polymeric material into the supercritical fluid reaction zone so as to yield a mixture; retaining the mixture within the reaction zone for a period of time sufficient to yield the plurality of reaction products. The reaction zone may be characterized by a tubular reactor having an adjustably positionable inner tubular spear, wherein the tubular reactor and the inner tubular spear further define an annular space within the reaction zone, and wherein the mixture flows through the annular space and into a reaction products chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Inventors: Thomas E. Loop, James D. Flynn, Graham Allan, Steven C. Van Swearingen, Kevin O. Gaw
  • Publication number: 20150064631
    Abstract: A supported precious metal catalyst for the high-temperature combustion of a hydrocarbon includes 1-10% by weight in total of one or more precious metals on a refractory metal oxide support material, and 1-20% by weight in total of one or more stabilizing metals selected from rare earths and Groups IA, IIA, and IIIA of the periodic table of the elements, wherein at least part of the precious metal is present as a mixed metal oxide with one or more of the stabilizing metals.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: JOHNSON MATTHEY PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY
    Inventors: Noelia Montserrat Cortes Felix, Andrew Charles Scullard
  • Patent number: 8921619
    Abstract: A membrane-integrated hydration reactor that is operable to produce an associated alcohol product from an olefin using water includes a solid acid olefin hydration catalyst in a production zone and a hydrophilic membrane operable to selectively permit pervaporation of water one-way and not permit pervaporation of the associated alcohol or permeation of the olefin at olefin hydration process conditions in a separations zone. The production zone is operable to form a production zone product mixture made of the associated alcohol and any unreacted water. The associated separations zone is operable to form and produce both the associated alcohol product and a pervaporated water product from the production zone product mixture. A method of olefin hydration for forming an associated alcohol product from an olefin using water uses the membrane-integrated hydration reactor at olefin hydration process conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Aadesh Harale, Wei Xu, Ibrahim Abba
  • Patent number: 8858900
    Abstract: This invention relates to a power recovery process in waste steam/CO2 reformers whereby a waste stream can be made to release energy without having to burn the waste or the syngas. This invention does not make use of fuel cells as its critical component but makes use of highly exothermic chemical reactors using syngas to produce large amounts of heat, such as Fischer-Tropsch. It also relates to control or elimination of the emissions of greenhouse gases in the power recovery process of this invention with the goal of producing energy in the future carbonless world economy. A New Concept for a duplex kiln was developed that has the combined functionality of steam/CO2 reforming, heat transfer, solids removal, filtration, and heat recovery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Intellergy, Inc.
    Inventor: Terry Galloway
  • Patent number: 8808636
    Abstract: A device is provided for performing chemical transformation in a fluid, with a flow distributor having at least one fluid medium inlet, at least one fluid medium outlet, and at least one confinement wherein the chemical transformation is performed; and a means for rotating, rocking, wagging, or oscillating the device. At least one confinement may be equipped with a provision for providing heat, cooling, sound, light or other types of radiation, such provision being contacted to an external source through an actuator shaft. The flow distributor may be provided with sectors connected with the centrally located fluid medium inlet and a designated peripheral, fluid medium outlet. The means for rotating, rocking, wagging, or oscillating the device may be an element producing magnetic fields or a shall mechanically connected to an external actuating device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Nordic Chemquest AB
    Inventors: Jonas Persson, Kjell Oberg, Fredrik Almqvist, Knut Irgum
  • Patent number: 8764859
    Abstract: A gas-generating apparatus includes a reaction chamber having a first reactant, a reservoir having an optional second reactant, and a self-regulated flow control device. The self-regulated flow control device stops the flow of reactant from the reservoir to the reaction chamber when the pressure of the reaction chamber reaches a predetermined level. Methods of operating the gas-generated apparatus and the self-regulated flow control device, including the cycling of a shut-off valve of the gas-generated apparatus and the cycling of the self-regulated flow control device are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Societe BIC
    Inventors: Alain Rosenzweig, Paul Adams, Andrew J. Curello, Floyd Fairbanks, Anthony Sgroi, Jr., Constance R. Stepan
  • Patent number: 8765071
    Abstract: Disclosed is a device for generating a volume of gas from solid and liquid generates. In one particular embodiment, a volume of nitrogen gas is generated by combining the output of Sodium Azide and liquid nitrogen. A vacuum is initially maintained about the liquid nitrogen container by way of a dewar jacket. The present disclosure also relates to a method of manufacturing the disclosed gas generating device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Carleton Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Donald Blackman, Brian Ford
  • Patent number: 8728181
    Abstract: The inventive stage system for producing hydrogen consists of at least two upstream/downstream stages, respectively, each of which comprises, optionally, a catalytic reactor (C1 to C5) followed by a separator comprising a space (E1 to E4) for circulation of a gaseous mixture contacting at least one oxygen extracting membrane and a hydrogen collecting space, wherein the reactor (C1) of the upstream stage is connected to a reaction gaseous mixture source, the circulation stage (E1) of the upstream stage separator is connected to the reactor (C2) of the downstream stage and the spaces for extracting/collecting oxygen from two separators are connected to a hydrogen collecting circuit (TC, 8) which is common for two stages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Compagnie Europeenne des Technologies de l'Hydrogene (C.E.T.H.)
    Inventors: Eric Gernot, Arnaud Deschamps
  • Patent number: 8722766
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for the production of thermoplastic polymer dispersions, using a reaction vessel with a first volume and a secondary volume, wherein a first stirrer is located and operative in said first volume and a secondary stirrer is located and operative in said secondary volume, wherein the first volume is at least 20 times larger than the secondary volume, wherein the stirrers in both volumes are able to handle viscosities above of or equal to 1000 mpas, including the steps of a.) loading the first volume of the vessel with an initial amount of polymer and optionally water and optionally alkaline; b.) heating the vessel externally to a target process temperature in the range of 80-300° C.; c.) operating the first stirrer in the first volume for at least half an hour at a speed of in the range of 10-100 rpm; d.) addition of water and optionally alkaline to the first volume; e.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Trub Emulsions Chemie AG
    Inventors: Peter Trüb, Dominic Ph. Trüb
  • Publication number: 20140086821
    Abstract: A chlorine dioxide generator includes a container body deformable in response to application of a force from the outside. The container body contains therein a solid acidic composition and an aqueous chlorite solution under a non-contact state from each other. The solid acidic composition comprises a porous material containing an acidic substance. The aqueous chlorite solution is sealed within an easily breakable enclosure. In operation, when the container body is deformed, the enclosure contained therein is broken to bring the aqueous chlorite solution into contact with the solid acidic composition, whereby chlorine dioxide gas is generated. This generated chlorine dioxide gas is discharged via a gas discharge port to the outside of the container body.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2012
    Publication date: March 27, 2014
    Applicant: TAIKO PHARMACEUTICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Fumihiro Ozawa, Shigeo Asada, Koichi Nakahara, Kazuhiko Taguchi
  • Patent number: 8636961
    Abstract: The present invention increases the amount of hydrogen produced or released from reactions between a metal hydride fuel and liquid reactant. The present invention also decreases the volume of a hydrogen generating cartridge by reducing the pH of the liquid reactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Societe BIC
    Inventors: Anthony Sgroi, Jr., Constance R. Stepan, Andrew J. Curello, Michael Curello
  • Publication number: 20140023581
    Abstract: Methods of extracting recycling carbon fibers are provided. Method of extracting and recycling carbon fibers with furan-2-carbaldehyde are provided and systems for performing the same are also provided. Compositions comprising resin composites, carbon fibers, and/or furan-2-carbaldehyde are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2012
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Applicant: EMPIRE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT LLC
    Inventor: Georgius Abidal Adam
  • Publication number: 20140017134
    Abstract: Provided is an apparatus for generating 1-methylcyclopropene. The apparatus of the present invention may enable the immediate and convenient generation of 1-methylcyclopropene in a desired location using stable 1-methylcyclopropene precursors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 20, 2012
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Applicant: ERUM BIOTECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Sang Ku Yoo, Jin Wook Chung
  • Publication number: 20140004018
    Abstract: A process and apparatus described is for distributing hydrocarbon feed to catalyst in a riser. Hydrocarbon feed is delivered to a plenum in the riser. Nozzles from the plenum inject feed into the riser to contact the catalyst. Streams of regenerated catalyst and carbonized catalyst may be passed to the riser and mixed around an insert in a lower section of a riser. The plenum may be located in the riser.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Roger L. Throndson, Paolo Palmas, Lev Davydov, Mohammad-Reza Mostofi-Ashtiani
  • Publication number: 20130341245
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon upgrading method is described. The method can generally include a step of providing a nozzle reactor, a step of injecting hydrocarbon residuum into the feed passage of the nozzle reactor, and a step of injecting a cracking material into the main passage of the nozzle reactor, and a step of collecting a product stream exiting the exit opening of the main passage of the nozzle reactor. The hydrocarbon residuum used in the method can be obtained from a hydroconversion-type upgrader, such as an ebullating bed hydrocracker.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2012
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Applicant: MARATHON OIL CANADA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jose Armando Salazar-Guillen, Mahendra Joshi, Dominic J. Zelnik
  • Publication number: 20130330244
    Abstract: A simple, biocompatible two-component system and procedure for generating nitric oxide (NO) is described. One component comprises sodium nitrite or other nitrite source, and the other component comprises a reductant, an acid and a base although in certain embodiments the reductant and acid functions are provided by the same component. When these two components are mixed directly at a local site of administration or immediately prior to application and the mixture generates nitric oxide (NO) for topical application. The activated system is therapeutic for treatment of multiple conditions, including promotion of healing, disinfection, promotion of hair growth, and treatment of male and female sexual dysfunction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2012
    Publication date: December 12, 2013
    Applicant: NIOXX LLC
    Inventor: NIOXX LLC
  • Publication number: 20130315814
    Abstract: Technologies described herein are generally related to graphene production. In some examples, a system is described that may include a first container, a second container, and/or a chamber. The first container may include a first solution with a reducing agent, while the second container may include a second solution with graphene oxide. The chamber may be in operative relationship with the first and the second containers, and configured effective to receive the first and second solutions and provide reaction conditions that facilitate contact of the first and second solutions at an interfacial region sufficient to produce graphene at the interfacial region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2012
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Inventor: Seth Adrian Miller
  • Patent number: 8545195
    Abstract: The invention is a hydrogen generator including a pump for pumping a liquid from a reservoir to a reaction area, where the liquid reacts to produce hydrogen gas, and a fuel cell system including the hydrogen generator and a fuel cell stack. The pump is a diaphragm pump with mechanically operated liquid inlet and outlet valves that are opened by cam-operated pushrods, and the pushrods are isolated from the liquid flowpath through the pump by diaphragms. All valves in the liquid flow path between the liquid reservoir and the reaction area are mechanically operated valves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Eveready Battery Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Russell H. Barton
  • Publication number: 20130209573
    Abstract: Methods, kits, cartridges and compounds related to generating chlorine dioxide by exposing ClO2? to at least one of a manganese porphyrin catalyst or a manganese porphyrazine catalyst are described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 19, 2011
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: THE TRUSTEES OF PRINCETON UNIVERSITY
    Inventor: John T. Groves
  • Patent number: 8491857
    Abstract: Processes and apparatus produce economically feasible biodiesel without subsidies. Toward that end, integrated small plants process materials containing lipids with anhydrous bioethanol as solvent and reactant, and sulfuric acid and potassium hydroxide mainly as catalysts to produce up to 3 million gallons of biodiesel per plant per year. The product is predominantly fatty acids ethyl esters (FAEE) and a chemically-enhanced organic fertilizer as byproduct. The raw material may include a wide variety of non-edible solid matter that contains lipids, which normally have from 0.5% to 80% by weight of free fatty acids in total oils. Multiple apparatus makes this process feasible. In addition to not competing with food production, since they supply fertilizer for small scale farmers, the processes and apparatus allow sustainable liquid fuel production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Inventor: Antonio Cantizani
  • Publication number: 20130180162
    Abstract: The bed bug trap has a base, and a lid sealable against the base but leaving a gap in at least a portion around the periphery between the base and the lid. The base has a recess therein containing a glue pad, preferably on a removable and replaceable tray. The outer portion of the base is sufficiently textured for a bed bug to be able to climb into and enter the trap through the gap. A carbon dioxide generator is connectable to the trap. A heat pad may be clipped to the trap. A travel kit includes the bed bug trap and other items which may include the carbon dioxide generator, the heat pack, and other accessories.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2013
    Publication date: July 18, 2013
    Applicant: BUG ELIMINATION AND PREVENTION CORPORATION
    Inventor: Bug Elimination and Prevention Corporation
  • Patent number: 8460615
    Abstract: A device is provided for performing chemical transformation in a fluid, with a flow distributor having at least one fluid medium inlet, at least one fluid medium outlet, and at least one confinement wherein the chemical transformation is performed; and a means for rotating, rocking, wagging, or oscillating the device. At least one confinement may be equipped with a provision for providing heat, cooling, sound, light or other types of radiation, such provision being contacted to an external source through an actuator shaft. The flow distributor may be provided with sectors connected with the centrally located fluid medium inlet and a designated peripheral fluid medium outlet. The means for rotating, rocking, wagging, or oscillating the device may be an element producing magnetic fields or a shaft mechanically connected to an external actuating device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: Nordic Chemquest AB
    Inventors: Jonas Persson, Kjell Öberg, Fredrik Almqvist, Knut Irgum
  • Publication number: 20130129577
    Abstract: A reaction chamber including an upper region for processing a substrate, a lower region for loading a substrate, a susceptor movable within the reaction chamber, a first sealing member positioned on a perimeter of the susceptor, a second sealing member positioned between the upper region and the lower region, wherein the first and second sealing members are selectively engaged with one another to limit communication between the upper region and the lower region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Publication date: May 23, 2013
    Applicant: ASM Holding B.V.
    Inventor: ASM IP Holding B.V.
  • Publication number: 20130071292
    Abstract: A molten metal reactor for converting a carbon material and steam into a gas comprising hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide is disclosed. The reactor includes an interior crucible having a portion contained within an exterior crucible. The interior crucible includes an inlet and an outlet; the outlet leads to the exterior crucible and may comprise a diffuser. The exterior crucible may contain a molten alkaline metal compound. Contained between the exterior crucible and the interior crucible is at least one baffle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2012
    Publication date: March 21, 2013
    Applicant: BATTELLE ENERGY ALLIANCE, LLC
    Inventor: BATTELLE ENERGY ALLIANCE, LLC
  • Patent number: 8388895
    Abstract: In an apparatus for producing U3O8 powder, the apparatus has an oxidation reactor including an interior space, a scrap box loaded with UO2 sintered pellets to be oxidized and introduced into the interior space of the oxidation reactor, an impact generating unit applying an impact to the scrap box to dissipate heat generated by the oxidation of the UO2 sintered pellets in the oxidation reactor, and a control unit controlling an oxidation process. The apparatus for producing U3O8 powder allows the heat generated by the oxidation of the UO2 sintered pellets in the oxidation reactor to be uniformly dissipated by the impact generating unit, thus producing U3O8 powder having a larger specific surface area which can be used to obtain a sintered UO2 pellet with a larger and more stable grain size of increased quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: KEPCO Nuclear Fuel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Dong Hyun Jung, Seung Jae Lee, Joon Ro Lee, Beom Jae Lee, Kyeong Lak Jeon, Jung Min Suh, Keun Min Kim, Myoung Ho Oh, Doo Lae Jeong, Nam Kyu Joo
  • Publication number: 20130053615
    Abstract: Embodiments of this disclosure relate to tissue digestion and, more particularly, to methods and apparatuses for varying the number, size, and/or location of one or more tissue compartments within a digestive fluid vessel. Some examples include partitions that may be selectively positioned within a vessel (and may be selectively removable from the vessel) to create one or more tissue compartments. The partitions may be positioned, repositioned and rearranged within the vessel to form one or more tissue compartments. The partitions may be solid or include apertures, and may be oriented in horizontally and/or vertically. Alternate embodiments include one or more selectively closeable apertures that permit digestive fluid to circulate along alternate pathways, which can permit tissue digestion with reduced digestive fluid levels. Still further embodiments include baskets that are selectively positionable within the tissue digester.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2012
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Inventors: Joseph H. Wilson, Lucas J. Wilson, Samantha J. Sieber, Mark A. Halsey
  • Publication number: 20130041186
    Abstract: An olefin hydration process and reactor are provided, wherein an integrated membrane selectively removes alcohol product from the reactor, thereby allowing for increased yields.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 10, 2011
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Applicant: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Ibrahim Abba, Aadesh Harale, Stephan Ralf Vogel, Wei Xu
  • Patent number: 8372168
    Abstract: A hydrogen generation fuel cartridge system which can be removably connected to a fuel cell power module is disclosed. The removable hydrogen generation fuel cartridge comprises a fuel storage module and a hydrogen generation system balance of plant (BOP) that is interchangeable with each module. All controls are preferably contained in the BOP. A heat exchanger may be employed to control the temperature of the cartridge and components such as the reaction chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Protonex Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Grant Berry, Keith A. Fennimore, Richard M. Mohring, Richard Rodican
  • Publication number: 20130032762
    Abstract: There is herein described a process and apparatus for hydrocarbon conversion. More particularly, there is described a process and apparatus for adiabatic methane conversion into synthetic gas (i.e. syngas).
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 7, 2011
    Publication date: February 7, 2013
    Inventors: Ruben Dario Rodriguez Quintero, Ernesto Manuel Santana Diaz, James Andrew Banister
  • Publication number: 20130022515
    Abstract: The instant application provides apparatus and methods for the generation of chlorine dioxide. The methods and apparatus of the invention use a water dissolvable membrane to allow the reaction of precursor chemicals, e.g., chlorite salt and an acid. The methods and compositions of the invention provide chlorine dioxide for a number of personal and commercial applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 16, 2012
    Publication date: January 24, 2013
    Applicant: TBS TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventor: Thomas J. Dee
  • Patent number: 8333930
    Abstract: Upper space on the front surface side of a reaction plate, provided with at least a reaction container causing reaction in a sample and a reagent container containing a reagent used for reaction with the sample, is covered with an airtight cover. A dispensation tip (20) for transporting liquid on the reaction plate is arranged in such a way that the distal end side is located on the inside of the covered space and the proximal portion is located on the outside.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignee: Shimadzu Corporation
    Inventors: Nobuhiro Hanafusa, Koretsugu Ogata, Koji Tanimizu, Tomoichi Takahashi
  • Patent number: 8323563
    Abstract: An on-demand portable chlorine dioxide generator has a reagent bound medium in a first enclosed volume; a complementary reagent solution in a second enclosed volume, and a structure for selecting between a first position where the complementary reagent solution is forced through the reagent bound medium and a second position where said complementary reagent solution remains isolated from the reagent bound ion exchange medium, where a ClO2 solution is generated only during periods when the structure for forcing is actuated. The ClO2 solution can be discharged for use as a portable sprayer that can be used to treat surfaces infected by anthrax or other biological contaminants. When the bound reagent is chlorite, the complementary reagent is an acid or an oxidant. When the bound reagent is an acid or an oxidant, the complementary reagent solution is a chlorite solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: University of Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: David Ernest Richardson, Daniel Eugene Denevan, Dwight C. Ramdon
  • Publication number: 20120301367
    Abstract: A reaction vessel which satisfies a relationship A<C+D<A+B on the assumption that the capacities of a first chamber and a second chamber are A and B, respectively, and that the volumes of a liquid stored in the first chamber and a liquid stored in the second chamber are C and D, respectively, so as to prevent entrance of bubbles into the reaction vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 18, 2012
    Publication date: November 29, 2012
    Applicant: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventor: Hiroshi KOEDA
  • Patent number: 8317884
    Abstract: A gas-generating apparatus (10) includes a reaction chamber (18) containing a solid fuel component (24) and a liquid fuel component (22) that is introduced into the reaction chamber by a fluid path, such as a tube, nozzle, or valve. The flow of the liquid fuel to the solid fuel is self-regulated. Other embodiments of the gas-generating apparatus are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Societe Bic
    Inventors: Andrew Curello, Floyd Fairbanks, Constance R. Stepan, Anthony Sgroi, Jr., Michael Curello
  • Patent number: 8282891
    Abstract: The instant application provides apparatus and methods for the generation of gas, preferably chlorine dioxide. The methods and apparatus of the invention use a removable reaction chamber for the reaction of precursor chemicals, e.g., chlorite salt and an acid. The methods and compositions of the invention provide gas for a number of personal and commercial applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Assignee: TBS Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Thomas J. Dee, Paul Sabin, Douglas Sabin
  • Patent number: 8273140
    Abstract: A method, apparatuses and chemical compositions are provided for producing high purity hydrogen from water. Metals or alloys capable of reacting with water and producing hydrogen in aqueous solutions at ambient conditions are reacted with one or more inorganic hydrides capable of releasing hydrogen in aqueous solutions at ambient conditions, one or more transition metal compounds are used to catalyze the reaction and, optionally, one or more alkali metal-based compounds. The metal or alloy is preferably aluminum. The inorganic hydride is from a family of complex inorganic hydrides; most preferably, NaBH4. The transition metal catalyst is from the groups VIII and IB; preferably, Cu and Fe. The alkali metal-based compounds are preferably NaOH, KOH, and the like. Hydrogen generated has a purity of at least 99.99 vol. % (dry basis), and is used without further purification in all types of fuel cells, including the polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: University of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventor: Nazim Z. Muradov
  • Publication number: 20120231504
    Abstract: A septum is positioned within a disposable vessel and defines a lower chamber and an upper chamber. The septum includes a plurality of apertures that provide fluid communication between the upper chamber and lower chamber. Compressed gas is introduced in the lower chamber to produce fine bubbles rising up throughout the vessel to produce a mixing and gasification needed for the growth of a biological culture and manufacture of a biological product in a nutrient medium. Adding a binding resin to the upper chamber allows harvesting, separation and purification of biological products in the reactor as a single unit operation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 3, 2011
    Publication date: September 13, 2012
    Applicant: Therapeutic Proteins Inc.
    Inventor: Sarfaraz K. Niazi
  • Patent number: 8257661
    Abstract: Processes and systems for utilizing products from DME synthesis in converting oxygenates to olefins are provided that include removing a DME reactor effluent from a DME reactor, wherein the DME effluent includes DME, water, and methanol; separating carbon dioxide gas from the DME reactor effluent in a liquid gas separator to produce a degassed effluent stream. The processes and systems can include feeding the degassed effluent stream to an oxygenate to olefin reactor to produce an olefin containing effluent, wherein the olefin containing effluent further includes oxygenates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Andrea G. Bozzano
  • Patent number: 8235361
    Abstract: A structured packing for a reactor is formed from a metal sheet to promote heat and mass transfer near the wall of the reactor. The structured packing causes lateral flow of fluids flowing through the packing such that jet impingement of at least one reactor wall is promoted. The packing may be used in a cylindrical, annular or plate-type reactor, e.g., a catalytic reactor, or a heat exchanger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: Tribute Creations, LLC
    Inventor: Jonathan Jay Feinstein
  • Publication number: 20120141335
    Abstract: A hydrogen generating device is adapted for a fuel cell. The hydrogen generating device includes a casing, a button, a solid reactant, a bag-shaped body, and at least one flexible element. The casing has a containing space and an opening. The button is integrally formed and connected to the casing to seal the opening. The solid reactant is disposed in the casing. The bag-shaped body is disposed in the casing and contains a liquid reactant. The flexible element is connected to the casing and is located in the containing space. The flexible element includes a bending end, wherein the flexible element is aligned to the button and is located between the button and the bag-shaped body. When the button is pressed, the button pushes the flexible element so the bending end pierces the bag-shaped body, and the liquid reactant flows out and reacts with the solid reactant to generate hydrogen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 21, 2011
    Publication date: June 7, 2012
    Applicant: YOUNG GREEN ENERGY CO.
    Inventors: Yu-Hsiang Lin, Hsuan-Yi Lu
  • Patent number: 8152873
    Abstract: A system is disclosed to generate hydrogen. The system includes a fuel cartridge, a cartridge interface, and a fuel cartridge receiver. The fuel cartridge includes a liquid permeable material with one or more cavities that encloses a solid anhydrous chemical hydride. The fuel cartridge also includes a housing that is heat and pressure resistant that houses the liquid permeable material, and a liquid. The fuel cartridge also includes one or more liquid sources that introduce the liquid into the housing such that the liquid contacts at least a portion of the liquid permeable material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: Trulite, Inc
    Inventors: Kevin Shurtleff, Eric Ladd, John Patton, Chris Brydon, Ken Pearson
  • Patent number: 8118893
    Abstract: A gas-generating apparatus includes a reaction chamber having a first reactant, a reservoir having an optional second reactant, and a self-regulated flow control device. The self-regulated flow control device stops the flow of reactant from the reservoir to the reaction chamber when the pressure of the reaction chamber reaches a predetermined level. Methods of operating the gas-generated apparatus and the self-regulated flow control device, including the cycling of a shut-off valve of the gas-generated apparatus and the cycling of the self-regulated flow control device are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: Societe Bic
    Inventors: Alain Rosenzweig, Paul Adams, Andrew J. Curello, Floyd Fairbanks, Anthony Sgroi, Jr., Constance R. Stepan
  • Patent number: 8071820
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for converting glycerol into propylene glycol by directing a basic glycerol containing feed and a hydrogen containing gas into a reaction zone including a fixed bed of catalyst that is operating at glycerol conversion conditions where the reactor includes and at least one quench zone and directing a quench material into the quench zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Maureen L. Bricker, Laura E. Leonard
  • Publication number: 20110262342
    Abstract: An on-demand portable chlorine dioxide generator has a reagent bound medium in a first enclosed volume; a complementary reagent solution in a second enclosed volume, and a structure for selecting between a first position where the complementary reagent solution is forced through the reagent bound medium and a second position where said complementary reagent solution remains isolated from the reagent bound ion exchange medium, where a ClO2 solution is generated only during periods when the structure for forcing is actuated. The ClO2 solution can be discharged for use as a portable sprayer that can be used to treat surfaces infected by anthrax or other biological contaminants. When the bound reagent is chlorite, the complementary reagent is an acid or an oxidant. When the bound reagent is an acid or an oxidant, the complementary reagent solution is a chlorite solution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 11, 2011
    Publication date: October 27, 2011
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA RESEARCH FOUNDATION INC.
    Inventors: DAVID E. RICHARDSON, Daniel Denevan, Dwight C. Ramdon
  • Patent number: 8043579
    Abstract: A gas hydrate production apparatus capable of reacting a raw gas with a raw water to thereby form a slurry gas hydrate and capable of removing water from the slurry gas hydrate by means of a gravitational dewatering unit. This gravitational dewatering unit is one including a cylindrical first tower body; a cylindrical dewatering part disposed on top of the first tower body; a water receiving part disposed outside the dewatering part; and a cylindrical second tower body disposed on top of the dewatering part, wherein the cross-sectional area of the second tower body is continuously or intermittently increased upward from the bottom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuichi Katoh, Shigeru Nagamori, Toru Iwasaki, Takashi Arai, Kiyoshi Horiguchi, Tetsuro Murayama, Akira Tokinosu, Masahiro Takahashi, Toshio Yamaki
  • Patent number: RE44822
    Abstract: A process for heterogeneously catalyzed partial dehydrogenation of a hydrocarbon, in which a reaction gas mixture input stream comprising the hydrocarbon to be dehydrogenated is conducted through a fixed catalyst bed disposed in a shaft and the reaction gas mixture input stream is obtained in the shaft by metering an input gas II comprising molecular oxygen upstream of the fixed catalyst bed into an input gas stream I which comprises molecular hydrogen and the hydrocarbon to be dehydrogenated and is flowing within the shaft toward the fixed catalyst bed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Claus Hechler, Wilhelm Ruppel, Wolfgang Gerlinger, Wolfgang Schneider, Klaus Joachim Mueller-Engel