Utilizing Solid Sorbent, Catalyst, Or Reactant Patents (Class 423/230)
  • Patent number: 10322399
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to compounds, systems, and methods for adsorption of CO2 onto nanoclusters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Takuya Harada, Trevor Alan Hatton
  • Patent number: 10239017
    Abstract: A method for removing carbon dioxide directly from ambient air, using a sorbent under ambient conditions, to obtain relatively pure CO2. The CO2 is removed from the sorbent using process heat, preferably in the form of steam, at a temperature in the range of not greater than about 130° C., to capture the relatively pure CO2 and to regenerate the sorbent for repeated use. Increased efficiency can be achieved by admixing with the ambient air, prior to contacting the sorbent, a minor amount of a preferably pretreated effluent gas containing a higher concentration of carbon dioxide. The captured carbon dioxide can be stored for further use, or sequestered permanently. The above method provides purified carbon dioxide for further use in agriculture and chemical processes, or for permanent sequestration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2019
    Inventor: Peter Eisenberger
  • Patent number: 10232343
    Abstract: In some embodiments, the present disclosure pertains to methods of capturing CO2 from an environment by hydrating a porous material with water molecules to the extent thereby to define a preselected region of a plurality of hydrated pores and yet to the extent to allow the preselected region of a plurality of pores of the porous material to uptake gas molecules; positioning the porous material within a CO2 associated environment; and capturing CO2 by the hydrated porous material. In some embodiments, the pore volume of the hydrated porous material includes between 90% and 20% of the pre-hydrated pore volume to provide unhydrated pore volume within the porous material for enhanced selective uptake of CO2 in the CO2 associated environment. In some embodiments, the step of capturing includes forming CO2-hydrates within the pores of the porous material, where the CO2.nH2O ratio is n<4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: James M. Tour, Almaz S. Jalilov
  • Patent number: 10203434
    Abstract: Compositions comprising highly reflective microcrystalline/amorphous materials are provided. In some instances, the highly reflective materials are microcrystalline or amorphous carbonate materials, which may include calcium and/or magnesium carbonate. In some instances, the materials are CO2 sequestering materials. Also provided are methods of making and using the compositions, e.g., to increase the albedo of a surface, to mitigate urban heat island effects, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: BLUE PLANET, LTD.
    Inventors: Brent R. Constantz, Chris Camire, Seung-Hee Kang
  • Patent number: 10112146
    Abstract: A carbon dioxide capture system according to an embodiment includes an absorber, a stripper, and a heater. The absorber includes a first cleaning unit and a second cleaning unit. The first cleaning unit uses first cleaning liquid to clean combustion exhaust gas discharged from a carbon dioxide capturer and captures amine flowing together with the combustion exhaust gas. The second cleaning unit uses second cleaning liquid to clean the combustion exhaust gas discharged from the first cleaning unit and captures amine flowing together with the combustion exhaust gas. The heater heats the first cleaning liquid to a temperature higher than the temperature of an upper portion of the carbon dioxide capturer and of the second cleaning liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA
    Inventors: Koshito Fujita, Hideo Kitamura, Masatoshi Hodotsuka
  • Patent number: 10058844
    Abstract: Methods of sorbing carbon dioxide on porous divinylbenzene/maleic anhydride polymeric sorbents are provided. Additionally, compositions resulting from sorbing carbon dioxide on porous divinylbenzene/maleic anhydride polymeric sorbents are provided. The porous polymeric sorbents typically have micropores, mesopores, or a combination thereof and can selectively remove carbon dioxide from other gases such as methane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
    Inventors: Michael S. Wendland, Michael W. Kobe
  • Patent number: 9956517
    Abstract: A system for reducing carbon dioxide emissions from a flue gas generated via combusting a fossil fuel is provided. The system includes a carbonator and a classifier. The carbonator is configured to receive the flue gas and carbon absorbing particles. The classifier is fluidly connected to the carbonator and configured to receive a mixture that includes heat-transferring particles and the carbon absorbing particles. The mixture is fluidized within the classifier via the flue gas at a velocity such that the flue gas entrains and transports the carbon absorbing particles to the carbonator while the heat-transferring particles are not entrained nor transported to the carbonator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY GMBH
    Inventors: Hao Tan, Michael Charles Balfe
  • Patent number: 9901899
    Abstract: A carbon dioxide adsorbent may include a double salt having a first metal salt and a second metal salt. The first metal salt may include a first metal selected from Ca, Sr, and Ba. The second metal salt may include a second metal selected from Li, Na, K, Rb, and Cs. The present disclosure also discloses a process for preparing the carbon dioxide adsorbent and a method of separating carbon dioxide using the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignees: Samsung Electronics Co., LTD., KOREA UNIVERSITY RESEARCH AND BUSINESS FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Hyuk Jae Kwon, Soon Chul Kwon, Hyun Chul Lee, Ki-bong Lee, Chan Hyun Lee, Hee Jin Jang
  • Patent number: 9901860
    Abstract: An apparatus removes acidic gases from a gas stream. The apparatus remove acid gas from a gas stream in a manner that generates a product gas stream at a higher temperature while consuming less energy than the existing technology. The apparatus enables the positive gas temperature differential to be maintained by manipulating the absorber column operating conditions and/or the solvent chemistry to increase the amount of absorption and reaction in the absorber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignees: General Electric Technology GmbH, Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Frederic Vitse, Craig Norman Schubert
  • Patent number: 9884291
    Abstract: A system for reducing SO2 emissions comprises a hydrogenation reactor, a tail gas cooler, a contact condenser, a hydrolysis reactor, and an absorber. The hydrogenation reactor is configured to receive a Claus tail gas and convert at least a portion of SO2 in the Claus tail gas to H2S to produce a hydrogenated Claus tail gas stream. The hydrolysis reactor is configured to convert at least a portion of COS to H2S. The absorber comprises an amine-based solvent and is configured to absorb at least a portion of the H2S and recycle the H2S to the Claus plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2018
    Assignee: Fluor Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas King Chow, Curt Graham
  • Patent number: 9815751
    Abstract: The invention relates to hydrocarbon conversion processes, e.g., to processes for producing acetylene from hydrocarbon and then hydrogenating at least a portion of the acetylene. The invention also relates to polymerizing one or more products derived from the acetylene saturation, and to equipment useful for these processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Paul F. Keusenkothen, Frank Hershkowitz
  • Patent number: 9776131
    Abstract: A method and a system capable of removing carbon dioxide directly from ambient air, and obtaining relatively pure CO2. The method comprises the steps of generating usable and process heat from a primary production process; applying the process heat from said primary process to co-generate substantially saturated steam, alternately repeatedly exposing a sorbent to removal and to capture regeneration system phases, wherein said sorbent is alternately exposed to a flow of ambient air during said removal phase, to sorb, and therefore remove, carbon dioxide from said ambient air, and to a flow of the process steam during the regeneration and capture phase, to remove the sorbed carbon dioxide, thus regenerating such sorbent, and capturing in relatively pure form the removed carbon dioxide. The sorbent can be carried on a porous thin flexible sheet constantly in motion between the removal location and the regeneration location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Inventor: Peter Eisenberger
  • Patent number: 9724641
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for reducing the amount of CO2 in a carbon dioxide-containing source by using a regeneratable ion exchange material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: Omya International AG
    Inventors: Michel Schenker, Patrick A. C. Gane, Joachim Schoelkopf, Daniel Gantenbein
  • Patent number: 9677018
    Abstract: A process for the production of synthesis gas from coke is described herein. The process comprises the steps of: (a) subjecting hard coal to dry pyrolysis, resulting in the production of a gas mixture containing hydrogen, methane, nitrogen and carbon monoxide as major constituents and carbon sulphides as minor constituents; (b) subjecting the gas mixture to hydrogenation at a temperature in the range of 200 to 280° C. over a sulphidic cobalt molybdenum catalyst provided on an aluminium oxide carrier material; and (c) separating the hydrogen sulphide obtained from hydrogenation from the gas mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: ThyssenKrupp Industrial Solutions AG
    Inventors: Michael Rieger, Jan Schöneberger, Holger Thielert
  • Patent number: 9616378
    Abstract: A system and method of reducing the net carbon dioxide footprint of an industrial process that generates power from the combustion of hydrocarbon fuels in which ambient air is admixed with up to 50% by volume of an effluent gas from the power generator of the industrial process, in order to substantially increase the CO2 concentration in the air prior to treatment. The treatment comprises adsorbing CO2 from the admixed ambient air utilizing a cooled, porous substrate-supported amine adsorbent, wherein the porous substrate initially contacts the mixed ambient air containing condensed water in its pores, which act as an intrinsic coolant with respect to the exothermic heat generated by the adsorption process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Inventors: Peter Eisenberger, Graciela Chichilnisky
  • Patent number: 9611198
    Abstract: The various embodiments relate to a system and method for regenerating a direct oxidation catalyst that coverts H2S to elemental S. One embodiment of the method comprises regenerating a direct oxidation catalyst by contacting the direct oxidation catalyst with steam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2017
    Assignee: M-I L.L.C.
    Inventor: Ryan Larsen
  • Patent number: 9597632
    Abstract: Disclosed is a CO2 permselective membrane 1 having an amino acid ionic liquid and a porous membrane impregnated with the amino acid ionic liquid, wherein the amino acid ionic liquid contains a certain range of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignees: Renaissance Energy Research Corporation, National University Corporation Kobe University
    Inventors: Osamu Okada, Nobuaki Hanai, Eiji Kamio, Shohei Kasahara, Hideto Matsuyama
  • Patent number: 9573096
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for capturing carbon dioxide CO2 by carbonation in a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) carbonation reactor wherein temperature profile is adjusted by recirculation of solid fractions of metal oxide MeO and metal carbonate MeCO3 to the CFB carbonation reactor. Also a system recirculating the metal oxide MeO and metal carbonate MeCO3 is provided by the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: General Electric Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Michael Charles Balfe, Olaf Stallmann, Gerhard Heinz
  • Patent number: 9555365
    Abstract: A system for removing carbon dioxide from an atmosphere to reduce global warming including an air extraction system that collects carbon dioxide from the atmosphere through a medium and removes carbon dioxide from the medium; a sequestration system that isolates the removed carbon dioxide to a location for at least one of storage and which can increase availability of renewable energy or non-fuel products such as fertilizers and construction materials; and one or more energy sources that supply process heat to the air extraction system to remove the carbon dioxide from the medium and which can regenerate it for continued use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Inventors: Peter Eisenberger, Graciela Chichilnisky
  • Patent number: 9546409
    Abstract: A process for producing DRI from iron ores, utilizing a gas produced from fossil fuels, containing sulfur compounds and BTX, heating said gas in a heater, preferably a regenerator, wherein heat is transferred from a previously-heated solid material to the gas. Flowing the hot gas through a bed of DRI particles, iron oxides or other equivalent material, outside of the reduction reactor, where said material adsorbs sulfur compounds and destroys BTX. The resulting gas, free from sulfur compounds and BTX, is combined with a reducing gas stream from the reduction reactor after H2O and CO2 is at least partially removed for regenerating its reducing potential, with or without undergoing previous cleaning, is used for producing DRI. One inventive embodiment comprises producing DRI at high temperature giving advantageously higher productivity and energy savings when using hot DRI in an electric arc furnace lowering the capital and operational costs of steelmaking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2017
    Assignees: HYL TECHNOLOGIES, S.A. DE C.V., DANIELI & C. OFFICINE MECCANICHE, S.P.A.
    Inventor: Eugenio Zendejas-Martinez
  • Patent number: 9522359
    Abstract: A process and an apparatus are described, which remove acid gas from a gas stream in a manner that generates a product gas stream at a higher temperature while consuming less energy than the existing technology. The process requires maintaining a positive product gas temperature differential. The apparatus enables the positive gas temperature differential to be maintained by manipulating the absorber column operating conditions and/or the solvent chemistry to increase the amount of absorption and reaction in the absorber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignees: General Electric Technology GmbH, Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Frederic Vitse, Craig Norman Schubert
  • Patent number: 9493356
    Abstract: A filtration material is provided for incorporation in a gas filter that includes an Activated Carbon, Impregnated with Copper, Silver, Zinc, Molybdenum, and Triethlyenediamine (ASZM-TEDA) medium and a macrocyclic organic material. The material is impregnated into the medium in proportions of between 1% and 5% of the medium. The material consists of molecules, each with a binding pocket for binding a metal ion. Also, a method is provided for impregnating porphyrin into a medium of ASZM-TEDA for incorporation in a gas filter. The method includes mixing porphyrin and ASZM-TEDA in a first ratio-by-weight of 1:4 of porphyrin to ASZM-TEDA as a mixture in a container; adding dichloromethane to the mixture in a second ratio-by-weight of 1:133 of porphyrin to dichloromethane as a solution in the container; stirring and refluxing the solution under nitrogen, filtering said mixture from the solution as a carbon residue; and drying the residue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Joseph R. Hunt, Timothy P. Burgin
  • Patent number: 9475696
    Abstract: A method for producing synthesis gas and ammonia by forming a synthesis gas mixture; separating solids from the synthesis gas mixture; subjecting the synthesis gas mixture to a shift reaction and separating the reaction products by a pressure swing adsorption unit. The hydrogen and nitrogen separated in the pressure swing adsorption unit are fed to an ammonia reactor to produce ammonia.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: Linde Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Rachid Mabrouk, Ramachandran Krishnamurthy
  • Patent number: 9469907
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an electrolytic process, methods and apparatus for the preparation of carbon monoxide and in particular to electrolysis of molten carbonates to yield carbon monoxide which may be used for chemical storage of electrical energy and further as chemical feedstock for other organic products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: YEDA RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CO. LTD.
    Inventors: Igor Lubomirsky, Valery Kaplan
  • Patent number: 9433896
    Abstract: A method and a system for removing carbon dioxide directly from ambient air, using a sorbent under ambient conditions, to obtain relatively pure CO2. The CO2 is removed from the sorbent using process heat, preferably in the form of steam, at a temperature in the range of not greater than about 130° C., to capture the relatively pure CO2. Increased efficiency can be achieved by admixing with the ambient air, prior to contacting the sorbent, a minor amount of a preferably pretreated effluent gas containing a higher concentration of carbon dioxide. The captured carbon dioxide can be stored for further use, or sequestered permanently. The system provides the sorbent substrate and equipment for carrying out the above method, and for obtaining purified carbon dioxide for further use in agriculture and chemical processes, or for permanent sequestration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Inventors: Peter Eisenberger, Graciela Chichilnisky
  • Patent number: 9421491
    Abstract: The CO2 recovery apparatus is provided with a CO2 absorption portion for absorbing CO2 in a CO2-containing exhaust gas by a CO2 absorbing liquid, a water washing portion provided on the upper portion side of the CO2 absorption portion so as to cool a CO2-removed exhaust gas and also recover the accompanying CO2 absorbing liquid, a washing liquid circulation line for directly circulating a washing liquid containing the CO2 absorbing liquid recovered in the water washing portion, an extraction line for extracting part of the washing liquid containing the CO2 absorbing liquid as an extracted liquid from the washing liquid circulation line, a concentration portion for separating a gas component (water vapor) from the extracted liquid while concentrating the CO2 absorbing liquid, and a concentrated liquid feed line for feeding a concentrated liquid concentrated in the concentration portion to the side of an absorbing liquid regeneration tower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2016
    Assignees: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD., THE KANSAI ELECTRIC POWER CO., INC.
    Inventors: Tatsuya Tsujiuchi, Hiroshi Tanaka, Hiromitsu Nagayasu, Takuya Hirata, Tsuyoshi Oishi, Takashi Kamijo, Masahiko Tatsumi, Yasuyuki Yagi, Kazuhiko Kaibara
  • Patent number: 9403695
    Abstract: Described herein is a filtration medium comprising a carbon substrate having a surface of COxEy, wherein E is selected from at least one of S, Se, and Te; and wherein x is no more than 0.1 and y is 0.005 to 0.3; a filtration device comprising the filtration medium; and methods of removing chloramines from aqueous solutions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2016
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Allen R. Siedle, Mark R. Stouffer
  • Patent number: 9393514
    Abstract: A tar removal device removes tar contained in a gasification gas (9) generated in a gasification furnace of a two-towered gasifier having a combustion furnace (43) heating a heating medium (A) and the gasification furnace (47) introducing the heating medium (A) heated in the combustion furnace to perform gasification of a starting material (48).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: IHI CORPORATION
    Inventor: Toshiyuki Suda
  • Patent number: 9315730
    Abstract: A method of removing a target gas from a gas stream is disclosed. The method uses advanced, fire-resistant activated carbon compositions having vastly improved fire resistance. Methods for synthesizing the compositions are also provided. The advanced compositions have high gas adsorption capacities and rapid adsorption kinetics (comparable to commercially-available activated carbon), without having any intrinsic fire hazard.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: Sandia Corporation
    Inventors: Yongliang Xiong, Yifeng Wang
  • Patent number: 9302221
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for upgrading a gas by separation of carbon dioxide therefrom, which method comprises the steps of introducing a stream of gas to a wet bed of ion exchange resin, and desorbing the adsorbed carbon dioxide from the resin by increasing the temperature and/or lowering the pressure in said wet bed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: RE-N TECHNOLOGY APS
    Inventors: Bo Wennergren, Jens Tradsborg Christensen
  • Patent number: 9216380
    Abstract: A method of operating a carbon capture system, such as a chilled ammonia process, to remove carbon dioxide from a flue gas stream. The carbon capture system includes a cooling system, a carbon dioxide absorption system and an ammonia absorption system. The method includes providing a portion of the flue gas stream to various systems within the carbon capture system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
    Inventors: Ola Augustsson, Raul Tahoces
  • Patent number: 9205372
    Abstract: An apparatus for capture of CO2 from the atmosphere comprising an anion exchange material formed in a matrix exposed to a flow of the air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Assignee: Carbon Sink, Inc.
    Inventors: Allen B. Wright, Eddy J. Peters
  • Patent number: 9181504
    Abstract: Method and system for gasifying biomass. Tar loaded gas from the reactor for gasifying the biomass is subjected to a saturation and absorption treatment with a first and second fluid respectively. The first fluid comprises aromatic hydrocarbons whilst the second fluid comprises linear hydrocarbons. Tars received in the aromatic fluid is entered together with such fluid in a separation column. Separation is effected based on evaporation temperature and the lighter fraction is returned to the inflow of the saturation separator. The heavier fractions are either discharged or sent back to the biomass reactor. An intermediate buffer vessel can be provided between the discharge of the saturation cleaner and the separator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Assignee: Stichting Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland
    Inventors: Robin Zwart, Alexander Bos, Johannes Kuipers
  • Patent number: 9149763
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for reducing aerosol emissions from a urea granulation plant with a recovery of the resulting scrubber bleeds, with a granulator producing urea from a concentrated urea solution and an evaporation of the included water, giving urea granulates and an exhaust of dust, ammonia and ammonium cyanate, and a following scrubbing or removing stage for the dust, and a following scrubbing acid stage, resulting in a first stream comprising mainly aerosols and a second stream comprising ammonium salts, and a following aerosol stage with spray and collection devices, releasing a first stream of an exhaust of air, and a second stream of ammonium cyanate and water, and the second stream of the aerosol stage of ammonium cyanate and water is recovered into the urea granulation plant or into a urea fertilizer plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Assignee: UHDE FERTILZER TECHNOLOGY B.V.
    Inventors: Harald Franzrahe, Matthias Potthoff, Luc Albert Vanmarcke
  • Patent number: 9138677
    Abstract: A carbon capture system, such as a chilled ammonia process, is provided that includes with a cooling system, a carbon dioxide absorption system and an ammonia absorption system. The ammonia absorption system includes an absorber column to receive carbon dioxide lean gas stream having ammonia and to receive an absorbent, wherein the absorbent absorbs ammonia from the carbon dioxide lean gas stream to provide an ammonia reduced gas stream and an ammonia rich absorbent. Further, an ammonia stripper is provided to receive the ammonia rich absorbent and to receive a portion of the gas stream, wherein the gas stream flows through the ammonia stripper to heat the ammonia rich absorbent to release the ammonia therefrom and provide an ammonia rich gas stream and an ammonia reduced absorbent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2015
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
    Inventors: Ola Augustsson, Raul Tahoces
  • Patent number: 9101876
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the separation and capture of carbon-containing compounds from gases. Specifically, the present invention relates to the use of rare-earth based compounds for the capture and separation of carbon-containing compounds from gases. The carbon capture processes can be integrated into fossil fuel power generation plants or other industrial process plants in order to reduce emission of greenhouse gases from the plants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignee: Applied Hybrid Energy Pty Ltd.
    Inventors: Petar Branko Atanackovic, John Charles Ellice-Flint
  • Patent number: 9034527
    Abstract: One embodiment of the present invention is a unique fuel cell system. Another embodiment is a unique desulfurization system. Yet another embodiment is a method of operating a fuel cell system. Other embodiments include apparatuses, systems, devices, hardware, methods, and combinations for fuel cell systems and desulfurization systems. Further embodiments, forms, features, aspects, benefits, and advantages of the present application will become apparent from the description and figures provided herewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: LG Fuel Cell Systems Inc.
    Inventor: John R. Budge
  • Publication number: 20150125368
    Abstract: The present invention describes the process of preparing ceramics for the absorption of ACIDIC gases, which worsen the greenhouse effect, that are released in combustion systems, or that are present in closed environments. In relation to carbon dioxide, principal target of the present invention, the process of absorption, transport, processing and transformation of the gas into other products is described. The process uses ceramic materials prepared through the solid mixture of one or more metallic oxides, with one or more binding agents and an expanding agent. The product generated can be processed and the absorbent system regenerated. The carbon dioxide obtained in the processing can be used as analytic or commercial carbonic gas, various carbamates and ammonium carbonate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 5, 2015
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Jadson Cláudio BELCHIOR, Geraldo Magela DE LIMA, Geison VOGA PEREIRA, Rogério DE OLIVEIRA, Wellerson FONSECA RIBEIRO, Fabrício VIEIRA DE ANDRADE
  • Patent number: 9017627
    Abstract: A process for sweetening a gas stream containing hydrogen sulfide wherein said process comprises contacting said gas stream within a contacting zone a contacting composition comprising metal sulfide in a lower sulfided state and yielding from said contacting zone a product gas stream having a reduced hydrogen sulfide concentration and a recovered contacting composition comprising metal sulfide in a higher sulfided state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Puneet Gupta
  • Publication number: 20150110696
    Abstract: Sorbent for reversible warm CO2 capture. The sorbent includes activated carbon impregnated with magnesium oxide, wherein the magnesium oxide constitutes at least 5% by weight of the sorbent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Zan Liu, William H. Green
  • Publication number: 20150111024
    Abstract: In some embodiments, the present disclosure pertains to methods of capturing a gas from an environment by associating the environment (e.g., a pressurized environment) with a porous carbon material that comprises a plurality of pores and a plurality of nucleophilic moieties. In some embodiments, the associating results in sorption of gas components (e.g., CO2 or H2S) to the porous carbon materials. In some embodiments, the methods of the present disclosure also include a step of releasing captured gas components from porous carbon materials. In some embodiments, the releasing occurs without any heating steps by decreasing environmental pressure. In some embodiments, the methods of the present disclosure also include a step of disposing released gas components and reusing porous carbon materials. Additional embodiments of the present disclosure pertain to porous carbon materials that are used for gas capture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: James M. Tour, Chih-Chau Hwang, Desmond E. Schipper
  • Publication number: 20150111018
    Abstract: In some embodiments, the present disclosure pertains to methods of capturing a gas from an environment by associating the environment with a porous carbon material that includes, without limitation, protein-derived porous carbon materials, carbohydrate-derived porous carbon materials, cotton-derived porous carbon materials, fat-derived porous carbon materials, waste-derived porous carbon materials, asphalt-derived porous carbon materials, coal-derived porous carbon materials, coke-derived porous carbon materials, asphaltene-derived porous carbon materials, oil product-derived porous carbon materials, bitumen-derived porous carbon materials, tar-derived porous carbon materials, pitch-derived porous carbon materials, anthracite-derived porous carbon materials, melamine-derived porous carbon materials, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments, the associating results in sorption of gas components (e.g., CO2, H2S, and combinations thereof) to the porous carbon material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: James M. Tour, Desmond E. Schipper, Chih-Chau Hwang, Josiah Tour, Almaz S. Jalilov, Gedeng Ruan
  • Publication number: 20150104367
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a catalyst includes a metal ion, and an acyclic ligand having at least one aza-containing moiety, where the ligand is complexed to the metal ion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2013
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Applicant: Lawerence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Inventors: William C. Floyd, III, Carlos A. Valdez, Roger Aines, Sarah Baker, Joe H. Satcher, JR.
  • Patent number: 8999279
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a method for removing carbon dioxide from a gas stream without consuming excess energy, wherein a solid sorbent material is used to capture the carbon dioxide. The solid sorbent material may utilize a water-swing for regeneration. Various geometric configurations are disclosed for advantageous recovery of CO2 and regeneration of the sorbent material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Carbon Sink, Inc.
    Inventors: Allen B. Wright, Klaus S. Lackner, Ryuhei Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 8999278
    Abstract: The invention provides various methods for removing gas phase pollutants by calcining limestone or dolomite using flash calcination to produce a high surface area lime or hydrated lime and directly adding the lime or hydrated lime to a gas stream containing gas phase pollutants. In other methods, the production of an activated sorbent, such as activated carbon, is combined with the production of the high surface area lime or hydrated lime and directly added to a gas stream containing gas phase pollutants. The combination of lime or hydrated lime and an activated sorbent enhances the removal of gas phase pollutants such as those from a coal-fired boiler flue gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventors: Ramsay Chang, Yongqi Lu, Massoud Rostam-Abadi
  • Patent number: 8992867
    Abstract: Dry-scrubbing media compositions, methods of preparation and methods of use are provided. The compositions contain activated alumina and magnesium oxide. Optionally, activated carbon and other impregnates, such as hydroxides of group 1A metals, are included. The compositions exhibit improved efficiency and capacity for the removal of compounds, such as hydrogen sulfide, from an air-stream. The compositions are particularly useful for reducing or preventing the release of toxic gaseous compounds from the areas such as landfills, petroleum storage areas, refineries, drinking water systems, sewage treatment facilities, swimming pools, hospital morgues, animal rooms, and pulp and paper production sites.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Purafil, Inc.
    Inventor: William G. England
  • Publication number: 20150072393
    Abstract: Combining flue gas treatment, and in particular CO2 sequestration, with hardening of reverse osmosis (RO) permeate. Flue gas is compressed and injected into pressurized water, being either cooling water or RO permeate. The water with dissolved CO2 is either dispensed into the sea for biological fixation of the CO2 or, in the case of RO permeate, mixed with limestone to harden the product water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventor: Boris LIBERMAN
  • Patent number: 8974758
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process to purify COS and remove H2S without hydrolyzing or trapping the desired COS product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: American Air Liquide, Inc.
    Inventors: Asli Ertan, Nathan Stafford, Christian Dussarrat, Dmitri Znamensky
  • Patent number: 8974757
    Abstract: Methods and systems for sequestering carbon dioxide and generating hydrogen are disclosed. In some embodiments, the methods include the following: dissolving an iron based material that includes a carbonate-forming element into a solution including the carbonate-forming element and iron; increasing a pH of the solution to cause precipitation of iron oxide from the solution thereby generating a first source of Fe2O3; reacting the carbonate-forming element in the solution with a first source of carbon dioxide to produce a carbonate thereby sequestering the carbon dioxide; oxidizing the first source of Fe2O3 with a carbonaceous fuel thereby generating a second source of carbon dioxide and iron; and oxidizing the iron with steam thereby generating hydrogen and an iron oxide. Some embodiments include producing iron-based catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
    Inventors: Ah-Hyung Alissa Park, Liang-Shih Fan, Hyung Ray Kim
  • Patent number: 8974577
    Abstract: Articles for capturing or separating a target gas from a gas stream may include a porous substrate such as a flexible sheet or mat, or a rigid ceramic monolith impregnated or coated with a sorbent composition. The sorbent composition may include a polyamine and a coexistent polymer chemically bonded to the polyamine. The polyamine may include a polyethylenimine. The coexistent polymer may include a polyurethane, a polyolefin-acrylic acid copolymer, or a combination thereof. The sorbent composition may be substantially less water-insoluble than compositions containing only a polyamine and may have high durability and good adsorption capacity for acidic target gases such as carbon dioxide. Methods for preparing the articles using aqueous polymer solutions are provided. Methods for capturing or separating target gases using the articles are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Dayue David Jiang, Steven Bolaji Ogunwumi