Alkaline Earth Metal Containing (mg, Ca, Sr, Or Ba) Patents (Class 423/594.16)
  • Patent number: 9028726
    Abstract: The present invention provides a sputtering target suitable for producing an amorphous transparent conductive film which can be formed without heating a substrate and without feeding water during the sputtering; which is easily crystallized by low-temperature annealing; and which has low resistivity after the crystallization. An oxide sintered compact containing an indium oxide as a main component, while containing tin as a first additive element, and one or more elements selected from germanium, nickel, manganese, and aluminum as a second additive element, with the content of tin which is the first additive element being 2-15 atom % relative to the total content of indium and tin, and the total content of the second additive element being 0.1-2 atom % relative to the total content of indium, tin and the second additive element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: JX Nippon Mining & Metals Corporation
    Inventors: Masakatsu Ikisawa, Masataka Yahagi
  • Patent number: 9005568
    Abstract: The invention provides a process for production of powder of perovskite compound which comprises: the first step for obtaining an aggregate of perovskite compound which comprises at least one A group element selected from the group consisting of Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba and Pb and at least one B group element selected from the group consisting of Ti, Zr, Hf and Sn, and which is represented by the general formula ABO3 wherein A is at least one A group element and B is at least one B group element; and the second step for heating the aggregate of perovskite compound obtained in the first step in a solvent at a temperature in a range from 30° C. to 500° C. whereby disintegrating the aggregate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Sakai Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takashi Shikida, Shinji Ogama, Yoshiaki Ikeda, Kazuhisa Hidaka
  • Patent number: 8992867
    Abstract: Dry-scrubbing media compositions, methods of preparation and methods of use are provided. The compositions contain activated alumina and magnesium oxide. Optionally, activated carbon and other impregnates, such as hydroxides of group 1A metals, are included. The compositions exhibit improved efficiency and capacity for the removal of compounds, such as hydrogen sulfide, from an air-stream. The compositions are particularly useful for reducing or preventing the release of toxic gaseous compounds from the areas such as landfills, petroleum storage areas, refineries, drinking water systems, sewage treatment facilities, swimming pools, hospital morgues, animal rooms, and pulp and paper production sites.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Purafil, Inc.
    Inventor: William G. England
  • Patent number: 8951493
    Abstract: A material compound comprising MgO. CaCO3 as a solid solution of MgO and CaCO3. and a method of fabricating the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Calix Ltd.
    Inventors: Mark Geoffrey Sceats, Patricia Richardson
  • Patent number: 8900537
    Abstract: A template-free reverse micelle (RM) based method is used to synthesize pyrochlore nanostructures having photocatalytic activity. In one embodiment, the method includes separately mixing together a first acid stabilized aqueous solution including pyrochlore precursor A and a second acid stabilized aqueous solution including pyrochlore precursor B with an organic solution including a surfactant to form an oil-in-water emulsion. Next, equimolar solutions of the first and second acid stabilized oil-in-water emulsions are mixed together. Then, the mixture of the first and second acid stabilized oil-in-water emulsion is treated with a base to produce a precipitate including pyrochlore precursors A and B. After which, the precipitate is dried to remove volatiles. The precipitate is then calcined in the presence of oxygen to form a pyrochlore nanostructure, such as a bismuth titanate (Bi2Ti2O7) pyrochlore nanorod. The method of synthesizing the pyrochlore nanorod is template-free.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Board of Regents of the Nevada System of Higher Education, on behalf of the University of Nevada, Reno
    Inventors: Vaidyanathan Subramanian, Sankaran Murugesan
  • Patent number: 8871673
    Abstract: Catalysts for the decomposition of N2O into nitrogen and oxygen in the gas phase, which comprises a porous support composed of polycrystalline or vitreous inorganic material, a cerium oxide functional layer applied thereto and a layer of oxidic cobalt-containing material applied thereto are described. The catalysts can be used, in particular, as secondary or tertiary catalysts in nitric acid plants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: UHDE GmbH
    Inventors: Meinhard Schwefer, Rolf Siefert, Frank Seifert, Frank Froehlich, Wolfgang Burckhardt
  • Patent number: 8853116
    Abstract: A method of forming composition-modified barium titanate ceramic particulate includes mixing a plurality of precursor materials and a precipitant solution to form an aqueous suspension. The plurality of precursors include barium nitrate, titanium chelate, and a metal or oxometal chelate. The precipitant solution includes tetraalkylammonium hydroxide and tetraalkylammonium oxalate. The method further includes treating the aqueous suspension at a temperature of at least 150° C. and a pressure of at least 200 psi, and separating particulate from the aqueous suspension after treating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: EEStor, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard D. Weir, Carl W. Nelson
  • Patent number: 8821766
    Abstract: The present invention aims at providing lithium manganate having a high output and an excellent high-temperature stability. The above aim can be achieved by lithium manganate particles having a primary particle diameter of not less than 1 ?m and an average particle diameter (D50) of kinetic particles of not less than 1 ?m and not more than 10 ?m, which are substantially in the form of single crystal particles and have a composition represented by the following chemical formula: Li1+xMn2-x-yYyO4 in which Y is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Al, Mg and Co; x and y satisfy 0.03?x?0.15 and 0.05?y?0.20, respectively, wherein the Y element is uniformly dispersed within the respective particles, and an intensity ratio of I(400)/I(111) thereof is not less than 33% and an intensity ratio of I(440)/I(111) thereof is not less than 16%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Toda Kogyo Corporation
    Inventors: Masayuki Uegami, Akihisa Kajiyama, Kazutoshi Ishizaki, Hideaki Sadamura
  • Patent number: 8734666
    Abstract: A method for preparing nanotubes by providing nanorods of a piezoelectric material having an asymmetric crystal structure and by further providing hydroxide ions to the nanorods to etch inner parts of the nanorods to form the nanotubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignees: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Kumoh National Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Jaeyoung Choi, Sangwoo Kim
  • Publication number: 20140138571
    Abstract: The present invention provides a magnetoelectric material in which an electric property is capable of being controlled by a magnetic field or a magnetic property is capable of being controlled by an electric field, and a method of manufacturing the same. Particularly, the present invention provides a magnetoelectric material in which a distance between magnetic ions interacting with each other is controlled by using non-magnetic ions or alkaline earth metal ions, and a method of manufacturing the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: SNU R&DB FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Kee Hoon KIM, Sae Hwan CHUN, Yi Sheng CHAI, Kwang Woo SHIN
  • Patent number: 8715614
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the preparation of fine barium titanate (BaTiO3) powders. The process comprises introducing an aqueous solution (I) containing salts of barium and titanium, and an aqueous basic solution (II) containing an inorganic or organic base separately and simultaneously into a high-gravity reactor with the high-gravity level of 1.25G to 12,500G and performing the reaction of the solution (I) with the solution (II) at a temperature of from 60 to 100° C. The solution (I) is preheated to a temperature ranging from 60° C. to 65° C. and the solution (II) is preheated to a temperature ranging from 60° C. to 100° C. respectively prior to the reaction, in which the Ba/Ti molar ratio in the solution (I) is more than 1 and the concentration of the base in the solution (II) is such that the reaction mixture is maintained at a constant OH? concentration, preferably a pH value of about 14.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Beijing University of Chemical Technology
    Inventors: Jianfeng Chen, Xiaolin Liu, Zhigang Shen, Guangwen Chu
  • Patent number: 8703341
    Abstract: With the object of providing a positive electrode active material for lithium battery that can increase the filling density, can increase the output characteristics, and furthermore, with a small voltage decrease during conservation at high temperature in a charged state, a positive electrode active material for lithium battery is proposed, containing a spinel type (Fd3-m) lithium transition metal oxide represented by general formula Li1+xM2?xO4?? (where M represents a transition metal including Mn, Al and Mg, x represents 0.01 to 0.08 and 0??) and a boron compound, the inter-the atomic distance Li—O of the spinel type lithium transition metal oxide being 1.971 ? to 2.006 ?, and the amount of magnetic substance measured for the positive electrode active material for lithium battery being 600 ppb or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsui Mining & Smelting Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinya Kagei, Keisuke Miyanohara, Yoshimi Hata, Yasuhiro Ochi, Kenji Sasaki
  • Patent number: 8673797
    Abstract: The binder for monolithic refractories according to the present invention includes SrAl2O4; SrAl2O4 and 5 mass % or less of the remainder; or a mixture of SrAl2O4 and Al2O3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshitoshi Saito, Atsunori Koyama
  • Patent number: 8630687
    Abstract: In one aspect, a method is disclosed of making a material, the method including synthesizing a composition Sr2RuO4-ySy where y is in the range of, e.g., 0.1-1.2. In some embodiments y is in the range of 0.1-0.6. In some such embodiments, the material may exhibit a strong diamagnetic signal, e.g. of up to 5% of absolute diamagnetism (?=?¼?) or more (e.g., at temperatures ranging from 4K-300K). In some embodiments, the material may exhibit high temperature superconductivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: AVD Conduction
    Inventors: Armen Gulian, Vahan Nikoghosyan, Dennis Winegarner
  • Patent number: 8623320
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novel Mg—Ti—Al composite metal hydroxide and to production method therefor. Mg—Ti—Al composite hydroxide particles can be obtained by subjecting a solution containing a magnesium salt and a titanium salt to ultrasound processing and carrying out a high-temperature and high-pressure reaction with a solution containing an aluminum salt in the proportions of the metal elements comprised in the Mg—Ti—Al composite metal hydroxide, thereby giving the advantageous effects that the halogen capturing ability is excellent and, when used in a polymer, degradation and early-staining prevention properties and transparency are outstanding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignees: Shin Won Chemical Co., Ltd., Shin Won Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seok Keun Song, Sung Yeon Kim, Hee Soo Kim, Kwang Hee Lee
  • Patent number: 8617429
    Abstract: Disclosed are a composite electrode active material and a supercapacitor using the same, and more particularly, an electrode active material having M1-xRuxO3 (M=Sr, Ba, Mg) and a supercapacitor using the same, wherein the electrode active material is characterized by comprising M1-xRuxO3, where M is at least one selected from a group consisting of strontium, barium and magnesium, and a method for fabricating a composite electrode active material comprises (a) preparing a spinning solution containing a precursor of M oxide, a precursor of Ru oxide, a polymer and a solvent, (b) spinning the spinning solution on a collector to fabricate a nanofiber web having M1-xRuxO3 precursor, and (c) performing heat treatment for the nanofiber web to remove the polymer so as to make an electrode active material in the structure of porous nanofiber web having M1-xRuxO3, wherein the M comprises at least one selected from a group consisting of strontium, barium and magnesium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Il Doo Kim, Yong-Won Song, Tae Seon Hyun, Ho-Gi Kim
  • Patent number: 8546298
    Abstract: An odor filtration media having a chemical reagent which removes odor causing fluid contaminants from a fluid stream through the use of granular or shaped media have a chemical composition including permanganate is provided. A method of producing the odor absorbing media having a chemical reagent is also provided and comprises the steps of mixing H2O, KMnO4, and at least one salt adding ions or ionic compounds selected from the group consisting of Na+, Li+, K+, NH4+, Cl?, SO42?, BO32?, CO32?, PO43?, NO3? and combinations thereof, or from the group consisting of Na+, Li+, K+, NH4+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Cl?, BO32?, NO3? and combinations thereof, forming an impregnating solution. The impregnating solution is heated and combined with a support material to form a coherent mass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: AAF-McQuay Inc.
    Inventors: Michael W Osborne, Zhong C. He, Ng Cheah Wei
  • Publication number: 20130247757
    Abstract: An adsorbent for carbon dioxide may include a structure that includes composite metal oxide including a first metal (M1) and a second metal (M2) linked through oxygen (0). The first metal (M1) may be selected from an alkali metal, an alkaline-earth metal, and a combination thereof. The second metal (M2) may have a trivalent oxidation number or greater. The composite metal oxide may include mesopores inside or in the surface thereof. The adsorbent may be included in a capture module for carbon dioxide. A method of reducing emissions may include adsorbing carbon dioxide using the adsorbent for carbon dioxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Applicant: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hyun Chul LEE, Jeong Gil SEO, Soon Chul KWON, Hyuk Jae KWON
  • Publication number: 20130244132
    Abstract: A cathode material for a solid oxide fuel cell comprising a complex oxide having a perovskite structure expressed by the general formula ABO3 with a standard deviation value of no more than 10.3 for the atomic percentage of respective elements in the A site measured using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy at 10 spots in a single field.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Applicant: NGK INSULATORS, LTD.
    Inventors: Makoto OHMORI, Ayano KOBAYASHI, Shinji FUJISAKI
  • Patent number: 8512654
    Abstract: A method for synthesizing strontium cerate (SrCeO3) nanoparticles is disclosed. Initially, ammonium cerium(IV) nitrate ((NH4)2Ce(NO3)6) and n-butanol (C4H10O) are reacted to synthesize cerium-n-butoxide (Ce(OBu)4). Next, the cerium-n-butoxide, strontium acetate (Sr(CH3COO)2), and stearic acid (C18H36O2) are reacted to form a homogenous product including the strontium cerate nanoparticles. Finally, the strontium cerate nanoparticles are isolated from the homogenous product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Pooya Nano Powders Research Group
    Inventors: Morteza Enhessari, Keyvan Ozaee, Maryam Shaterian, Elham Karamali
  • Publication number: 20130199373
    Abstract: An adsorbent for carbon dioxide may include a composite metal oxide including a divalent first metal (M1), a trivalent second metal (M2), and an element (A) with an electronegativity of about 2.0 to about 4.0. The composite metal oxide may have an amorphous structure. A method of manufacturing the adsorbent for carbon dioxide and a capture module for carbon dioxide including the adsorbent for carbon dioxide are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 25, 2013
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
  • Publication number: 20130158322
    Abstract: Nanowires useful as heterogeneous catalysts are provided. The nanowire catalysts are prepared by polymer templated methods and are useful in a variety of catalytic reactions, for example, the oxidative coupling of methane to ethane and/or ethylene. Related methods for use and manufacture of the same are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2012
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: SILURIA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventor: Siluria Technologies, Inc.
  • Patent number: 8465712
    Abstract: A method and system for desulfurization comprising first and second metal oxides; a walled enclosure having an inlet and an exhaust for the passage of gas to be treated; the first and second metal oxide being combinable with hydrogen sulfide to produce a reaction comprising a sulfide and water; the first metal oxide forming a first layer and the second metal oxide forming a second layer within the walled surroundings; the first and second layers being positioned so the first layer removes the bulk amount of the hydrogen sulfide from the treated gas prior to passage through the second layer, and the second layer removes substantially all of the remaining hydrogen sulfide from the treated gas; the first metal oxide producing a stoichiometrical capacity in excess of 500 mg sulfur/gram; the second metal oxide reacts with the hydrogen sulfide more favorably but has a stoichometrical capacity which is less than the first reactant; whereby the optimal amount by weight of the first and second metal oxides is achieved
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Charles Rong, Rongzhong Jiang, Deryn Chu
  • Patent number: 8440113
    Abstract: The present invention aims at providing lithium manganate having a high output and an excellent high-temperature stability. The above aim can be achieved by lithium manganate particles having a primary particle diameter of not less than 1 ?m and an average particle diameter (D50) of kinetic particles of not less than 1 ?m and not more than 10 ?m, which are substantially in the form of single crystal particles and have a composition represented by the following chemical formula: Li1+xMn2?x?yYyO4 in which Y is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Al, Mg and Co; x and y satisfy 0.03?x?0.15 and 0.05?y?0.20, respectively, wherein the Y element is uniformly dispersed within the respective particles, and an intensity ratio of I(400)/I(111) thereof is not less than 33% and an intensity ratio of I(440)/I(111) thereof is not less than 16%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Toda Kogyo Corporation
    Inventors: Masayuki Uegami, Akihisa Kajiyama, Kazutoshi Ishizaki, Hideaki Sadamura
  • Publication number: 20130071670
    Abstract: The invention provides for A method for producing pure phase strontium ruthenium oxide films, the method comprising solubilizing ruthenium-containing and strontium-containing compounds to create a mixture; subjecting the mixture to a first temperature above that necessary for forming RuO2 while simultaneously preventing formation of RuO2; maintaining the first temperature for a time to remove organic compounds from the mixture, thereby forming a substantially dry film; and subjecting the film to a second temperature for time sufficient to crystallize the film. Also provided is pure phase material comprising strontium ruthenium oxide wherein the material contains no RuO2.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2011
    Publication date: March 21, 2013
    Applicant: UCHICAGO ARGONNE, LLC
    Inventors: Manoj Narayanan, Beihai Ma, Uthamalingam Balachandran, Stephen Dorris
  • Patent number: 8394299
    Abstract: Provided is a transition metal precursor comprising a composite transition metal compound represented by Formula I, as a transition metal precursor used in the preparation of a lithium-transition metal composite oxide: M(OH1?x)2??(1) wherein M is two or more selected from the group consisting of Ni, Co, Mn, Al, Cu, Fe, Mg, B, Cr and transition metals of period 2 in the Periodic Table of the Elements; and 0<x<0.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Ho Suk Shin, Sung Kyun Chang, Hong-Kyu Park, Seung Tae Hong, Sinyoung Park, Youngsun Choi
  • Patent number: 8372441
    Abstract: The subject invention concerns methods for preparing alkaline earth ferrates and the preparation of hemostatic compositions from alkaline earth ferrates. In one embodiment, the alkaline earth ferrate is strontium ferrate. In one embodiment, methods of the invention comprise heat treating mixtures of alkaline earth oxides and/or peroxides with iron oxides, such as hematite or magnetite. The subject invention also concerns hemostatic compositions produced using metallic oxides that are reacted with alkaline earth oxides and/or peroxides and the methods used to produce the hemostatic compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Biolife, LLC
    Inventors: John Alfred Thompson, John Hen
  • Patent number: 8357309
    Abstract: Single crystal and polycrystal oxoruthenates having the generalized compositions (Baz,Sr1?z)FexCoyRu6?(x+y)O11 (1?(x+y)?5; 0?z?1) and (Ba,Sr)M2±xRu4?xO11 (M=Fe,Co) belong to a novel class of ferromagnetic semiconductors with applications in spin-based field effect transistors, spin-based light emitting diodes, and magnetic random access memories.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2013
    Assignee: University of Kentucky Research Foundation
    Inventors: Larysa Shlyk, Sergly Alexandrovich Kryukov, Lance Eric De Long, Barbara Schüpp-Niewa, Rainer Niewa
  • Patent number: 8337803
    Abstract: Compositions and methods suitable for removing poisonous metals from hydrocarbons are provided. The compositions comprise hydrotalcite having one or more trapping metals dispersed on the outer surface thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: Albemarle Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Julie Ann Francis, Charles Vadovic
  • Patent number: 8329612
    Abstract: A catalyst for reforming a hydrocarbon gas using carbon dioxide and/or water vapor to react while restraining the deposition of carbon contains a NiO—Sr2TiO4 solid solution in which NiO is dissolved in Sr2TiO4. The ratio of NiO in the NiO—Sr2TiO4 solid solution is preferably of 2.2 to 13.5 parts by mol relative to 100 parts by mol of Sr2TiO4. A catalyst which can contain SrTiO3, SrCO3, and fine grains of Ni and/or NiO are also described. A method of manufacturing the same, and a method of manufacturing a synthesized gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideto Sato, Yoshinori Saito
  • Patent number: 8313725
    Abstract: An in-situ method for nanomixing magnesium aluminate spinel nanoparticles with a uniformly distributed controlled concentration of nanoparticles of an inorganic sintering aid, such as LiF, to produce ready-to-sinter spinel powder. The spinel-sintering aid nanomixture is formed by induced precipitation of the sintering aid nanoparticles from a dispersion of the spinel nanoparticles in an aqueous solution of the sintering aid, followed by separation, drying and deagglomeration of the spinel-sintering aid nanomixed product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Assignee: Materials and Electrochemical Research (MER) Corporation
    Inventors: Raouf O. Loutfy, Juan L. Sepulveda, Sekyung Chang
  • Publication number: 20120283096
    Abstract: The present invention relates to (i) a plant growth-improving agent containing a growth-improving component that increases a concentration of an oxoanion in an area around a plant, the oxoanion being heavier than a sulfate ion and containing four oxygen atoms, (ii) a seed to which such a plant growth-improving agent has been applied, and (iii) a plant growth-improving method including a cultivating step of growing a plant in the presence of such a growth-improving component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Publication date: November 8, 2012
    Applicant: Incorporated Administrative Agency National Agricu lture and Food Research Organization
    Inventor: Yoshitaka Hara
  • Patent number: 8277773
    Abstract: The present invention provides catalysts, reactors, and methods of steam reforming over a catalyst. Surprisingly superior results and properties obtained in methods and catalysts of the present invention are also described. For example, a coated catalyst was demonstrated to be highly stable under steam reforming conditions (high temperature and high pressure of steam). Methods of making steam reforming catalysts are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2012
    Assignee: Velocys Corp.
    Inventors: Junko M. Watson, Francis P. Daly, Yong Wang, Steven T. Perry, Anna Lee Tonkovich, Sean P. Fitzgerald, Laura J. Silva, Rachid Taha, Enrique Aceves de Alba, Ya-Huei Chen, Robert Rozmiarek, XiaoHong Li
  • Patent number: 8268286
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a spinel article. The article comprises a spinel material, wherein the spinel material has a monomodal grain size distribution with average grain sizes of less than or equal to about 15 micrometers, and a biaxial flexural strength of greater than or equal to about 300 megapascals when measured by a ring-on-ring flexural test as per ASTM Standard C1499-08. Disclosed herein too is a spinel article manufactured by a method comprising calcining a spinel powder; milling the powder in a milling medium; granulating the powder; screening the powder to a mesh size of about 40 to about 200 mesh; pressing the powder to form an article; burning out organics from the article; sintering the article; and hot isostatically pressing the article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Milivoj Konstantin Brun, Anteneh Kebbede, Sean Michael Sweeney, Timothy James Yosenick
  • Publication number: 20120225292
    Abstract: There are provided a method of manufacturing a ceramic powder having a perovskite structure and a ceramic powder having a perovskite structure manufactured by the same. The method includes: mixing a compound of an element corresponding to site A in an ABO3 perovskite structure as well as a compound of an element corresponding to site B in the same structure, with supercritical water in a continuous mode to form seed crystals; and mixing the seed crystals in a batch mode to conduct grain growth thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 2, 2012
    Publication date: September 6, 2012
    Inventors: Chang Hak Choi, Kum Jin Park, Kang Heon Hur, Hye Young Baeg, Jung Hwan Kim, Hyung Joon Jeon, Sang Hoon Kwon
  • Patent number: 8252196
    Abstract: A method for preparing nanotubes by providing nanorods of a piezoelectric material having an asymmetric crystal structure and by further providing hydroxide ions to the nanorods to etch inner parts of the nanorods to form the nanotubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2012
    Assignees: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Kumoh National Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Jaeyoung Choi, Sangwoo Kim
  • Patent number: 8227100
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a negative active material for a lithium ion battery and a lithium ion battery including the negative active material. The negative active material for a lithium ion battery includes a hexagonal lithium vanadium composite oxide including lithium, vanadium, and magnesium. The lithium and the vanadium are included in a mole ratio within a range of 1.15?Li/V?1.35, and the magnesium and the vanadium are included in a mole ratio within a range of 0.01?Mg/V?0.06. The present invention provides a negative active material for a lithium ion battery having a stable crystal structure, excellent high rate of charge and discharge, and good charge and discharge cycle characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: Samsung SDI Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toru Inagaki, Akira Takamuku, Geun-Bao Kim
  • Patent number: 8221713
    Abstract: A method for making a mono-dispersed metal titanate includes the steps of: (a) mixing titanate ester, metal salt, and rare earth metal salt in a molar ratio of 1:1:x in a reaction medium comprised of ethanol and water to form a solution, wherein x is in the range from 0 to 0.1; (b) heating the solution, under an alkaline condition to form a white sediment; (c) filtering out liquid part of the solution to obtain the white sediment, (d) washing the white sediment, and (e) drying the white sediment to obtain mono-dispersed metal titanate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ya-Dong Li, Zi-Yang Huo, Chen Chen
  • Publication number: 20120176726
    Abstract: Dielectric materials comprising nanocrystalline or nanoparticulate metal oxides or metal carbonates having enhanced dielectric constant values are provided. Specifically, the dielectric materials exhibit high dielectric constant values at low frequencies approaching the DC limit. The dielectric materials also exhibit low dielectric loss factors and high voltage breakdown limits making them well suited for use in capacitors, particularly high energy density capacitors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2007
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Inventors: David Jones, Slawomir Winecki, Shivanee Dargar, Justin Millette
  • Patent number: 8206680
    Abstract: Calco-magnesian aqueous suspension having particles of solid matter with, before being put into suspension, a specific surface area, calculated according to the BET method, which is less than or equal to 10 m2/g, and its method of preparation. Such an aqueous suspension of calco-magnesian solid matter can achieve a very low viscosity, making it possible to greatly increase the solid matter concentration of the suspension, or again to reduce the size of the particles in suspension, thus obtaining a concentrated and reactive milk of lime.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: S.A. Lhoist Recherche et Developpement
    Inventors: Luis Alfredo Diaz Chavez, Timothy L. Salter, Ziad Habib, Henri-René Langelin
  • Publication number: 20120115709
    Abstract: Ceramic catalyst carriers that are mechanically, thermally and chemically stable in a ionic salt monopropellant decomposition environment, high temperature catalysts for decomposition of liquid high-energy-density monopropellants and ceramic processing techniques for producing spherical catalyst carrier granules are disclosed. The ceramic processing technique is used to produce spherical catalyst carrier granules with controlled porosities and desired composition and allows for reproducible packing densities of catalyst granules in thruster chambers. The ceramic catalyst carrier has excellent thermal shock resistance, good compatibility with the active metal coating and metal coating deposition processes, melting point above >2300° C., chemical resistance to steam, nitrogen oxides and nitric acid, resistance to sintering to prevent void formation, and the absence of phase transition associated with volumetric changes at temperatures up to and beyond 1800° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2010
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Applicant: Sienna Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Ender Savrun, Stephanie J. Sawhill
  • Patent number: 8141387
    Abstract: The process of making the glass-ceramic includes ceramicizing a starting glass at a heating or cooling rate during the ceramicization of at least 10 K/min, so that the glass-ceramic contains at least 50% by volume of ferroelectric crystallites with a maximum diameter of from 20 to 100 nm and not more than 10% by volume of nonferroelectric crystallitesis. The glass ceramic produced by the process contains no pores or not more than 0.01% by volume of the pores and a value of e?·V2max of the glass-ceramic is at least 20 (MV/cm)2, wherein e? is the dielectric constant at 1 kHz and Vmax is the breakdown voltage per unit thickness. The ferroelectric crystallites preferably have a perovskite structure and are composed of substantially pure or doped BaTiO3 and/or BaTi2O5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Schott AG
    Inventors: Martin Letz, Mark J. Davis, Bernd Ruedinger, Bernd Hoppe, Bianca Schreder, Maria-Louisa Aigner, Daniela Seiler
  • Patent number: 8137844
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a cathode active material for a lithium rechargeable battery, including: selecting a first metal compound from a group consisting of a halide, a phosphate, a hydrogen phosphate and a sulfate of Mg or Al; selecting a second metal compound from a group consisting of an oxide, a hydroxide and a carbonate of Mg or Al; combining the first metal compound and the second metal compound to obtain a metal compound, the metal compound containing either Mg or Al atoms; mixing a lithium compound, a transition metal compound and the metal compound to obtain a mixture; and sintering the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Nippon Chemical Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hidekazu Awano, Minoru Fukuchi, Yuuki Anbe
  • Patent number: 8110124
    Abstract: To produce fluorescent bodies providing high brightness and high energy efficiency, a method of preparing a fluorescent body precursor is provided to enable an activator having a large ionic radius to be doped arbitrarily. The problems described above are solved by a method of preparing a fluorescent body precursor, which method is characterized by comprising applying a shock pressure of 0.1 GPa or higher to a mixture consisting essentially of a fluorescent body base, an activator and a co-activating particle-growth promoter to dope the activator into the fluorescent body base in the presence of the co-activating particle-growth promoter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2012
    Assignee: Kuraray Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshihisa Tsuji, Hideharu Iwasaki
  • Patent number: 8088349
    Abstract: Disclosed is a clean method for preparing layered double hydroxides (LDHs), in which hydroxides of different metals are used as starting materials for production of LDHs by atom-economical reactions. The atom efficiency of the reaction is 100% in each case because all the atoms of the reactants are converted into the target product since only M2+(OH)2, M3+(OH)3, and CO2 or HnAn? are used, without any NaOH or other materials. Since there is no by-product, filtration or washing process is unnecessary. The consequent reduction in water consumption is also beneficial to the environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Assignee: Beijing University of Chemical Technology
    Inventors: Xue Duan, Dianqing Li, Zhi Lv, Yanjun Lin, Xiangyu Xu
  • Publication number: 20110315936
    Abstract: A sputtering target including an oxide sintered body, the oxide sintered body containing indium (In) and at least one element selected from gadolinium (Gd), dysprosium (Dy), holmium (Ho), erbium (Er) and ytterbium (Yb), and the oxide sintered body substantially being of a bixbyite structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2008
    Publication date: December 29, 2011
    Applicant: IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Kazuyoshi Inoue, Koki Yano, Masashi Kasami
  • Patent number: 8084014
    Abstract: A barium titanate powder and a method for producing the same are provided. The barium titanate powder comprises a perovskite structure having a ratio c/a of 1.008 or more and ratio d/D of from 1 to 1.5, wherein “c” is a length of the c axis, “a” is a length of the a axis in the perovskite structure, “d” is an average particle diameter and “D” is a equivalent specific surface area diameter. The method of producing a barium titanate powder, comprises the steps of: (1) heating a mixture containing a titanium compound and a barium compound under a gas atmosphere containing a halogen at a temperature of not less than about 200° C. and less than the temperature for generation of barium titanate, (2) calcining the obtained mixture under an atmosphere containing substantially no halogen at a temperature of not lower than the temperature for generation of barium titanate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2011
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Tetsu Umeda, Yoshio Uchida, Takumi Shibuta
  • Patent number: 8048398
    Abstract: Process for preparing a mixed metal oxide powder, in which oxidizable starting materials are evaporated and oxidized, the reaction mixture is cooled after the reaction and the pulverulent solids are removed from gaseous substances, wherein as starting materials, at least one pulverulent metal and at least one metal compound, the metal and the metal component of the metal compound being different and the proportion of metal being at least 80% by weight based on the sum of metal and metal component from metal compound, together with one or more combustion gases, are fed to an evaporation zone of a reactor, where metal and metal compound are evaporated completely under nonoxidizing conditions, subsequently, the mixture flowing out of the evaporation zone is reacted in the oxidation zone of this reactor with a stream of a supplied oxygen-containing gas whose oxygen content is at least sufficient to oxidize the starting materials and combustion gases completely.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Stipan Katusic, Guido Zimmermann, Michael Kraemer, Peter Kress, Horst Miess
  • Patent number: 8043987
    Abstract: A ceramic composition comprising a binary system solid solution represented by the formulae: (1-x)(Sr1-yBiy)TiO3+x(Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3 and (1-x)(Sr1-1.5yBiy)TiO3+x(Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3, wherein 0<x<1 and 0<y?0.2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: The University of Akron
    Inventors: Ang Chen, Yu Zhi
  • Patent number: 8043992
    Abstract: A particulate inorganic mixed oxide comprising: aluminum; zirconium; cerium; lanthanum and an additional element selected from the group consisting of neodymium and praseodymium, wherein the inorganic mixed oxide has at least 80% of primary particles with article diameters of 100 nm or less, and at least a part of the primary particles have an enriched surface region where the additional element is locally increased in a surface layer portion thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignees: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha, Cataler Corporation
    Inventors: Miho Hatanaka, Toshitaka Tanabe, Naoki Takahashi, Takeru Yoshida, Yuki Aoki