Modified Condition Of Atmosphere (e.g., Steam, Air Movement, Etc.) Patents (Class 427/377)
  • Patent number: 10262881
    Abstract: Embodiments of an enclosed coating system according to the present teachings can be useful for patterned area coating of substrates in the manufacture of a variety of apparatuses and devices in a wide range of technology areas, for example, but not limited by, OLED displays, OLED lighting, organic photovoltaics, Perovskite solar cells, and organic semiconductor circuits. Enclosed and environmentally controlled coating systems of the present teachings can provide several advantages, such as: 1) Elimination of a range of vacuum processing operations such coating-based fabrication can be performed at atmospheric pressure. 2) Controlled patterned coating eliminates material waste, as well as eliminating additional processing typically required to achieve patterning of an organic layer. 3) Various formulations used for patterned coating with various embodiments of an enclosed coating apparatus of the present teachings can have a wide range of physical properties, such as viscosity and surface tension.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: Kateeva, Inc.
    Inventors: Conor F. Madigan, Alexander Sou-Kang Ko, Eliyahu Vronsky
  • Patent number: 10145415
    Abstract: A sliding member which has a hardness suitable for use under heavy-load conditions and which exhibits excellent abrasion resistance property. A sliding surface is formed on a surface of a sliding layer that slidably supports an object to be slid. The sliding surface is then shot-blasted and is formed to have an uneven shape exhibiting an arithmetic average roughness (Ra) of more than 0 to 2.0 ?m, a ten-point average roughness (Rz) of more than 0 to 7.5 ?m, and a surface hardness (Hv) of 150 to 250.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: Senju Metal Industry Co., Inc.
    Inventors: Naoki Sato, Ryoichi Kurata
  • Patent number: 10094762
    Abstract: A patterned capillary device comprising a pattern on an inner surface is described herein. More specifically, the patterned capillary device comprises a wall having an outer surface and an inner surface, the wall defining a fluidic channel. A substantially opaque film covers the inner surface of the wall, the opaque film comprising a plurality of substantially transparent segments defining a pattern. A process for fabricating a pattern formed of opaque and transparent portions on an inner surface of a capillary device is also described herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: UNIVERSITÉ LAVAL
    Inventors: Denis Boudreau, Felix-Antoine Lavoie, Olivier Ratelle
  • Patent number: 9846378
    Abstract: An electrophotographic photoreceptor includes a conductive substrate including an outer peripheral surface treated with a silazane; and a photosensitive layer on the outer peripheral surface of the conductive substrate. The photosensitive layer includes a charge generating material and a charge transporting material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2017
    Assignee: FUJI XEROX CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Masahiro Iwasaki
  • Patent number: 9731320
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to a process for applying a waterborne coating composition in a spray booth and a system thereof. The disclosure is particularly directed to a process for introducing water into incoming air for the spray booth to produce a conditioned spray booth having appropriate humidity levels. The process of this disclosure is particularly useful for applying a waterborne coating composition having effect pigments in a low humidity and high temperature climate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignee: AXALTA COATING SYSTEMS IP CO., LLC
    Inventors: John Charles Larson, John R. Moore
  • Patent number: 9219037
    Abstract: A porous SiCOH dielectric film in which the stress change caused by increased tetrahedral strain is minimized by post treatment in unsaturated Hydrocarbon ambient. The p-SiCOH dielectric film has more —(CHx) and less Si—O—H and Si—H bonding moieties. Moreover, a stable pSiOCH dielectric film is provided in which the amount of Si—OH (silanol) and Si—H groups at least within the pores has been reduced by about 90% or less by the post treatment. A p-SiCOH dielectric film is produced that is flexible since the pores include stabilized crosslinking —(CHx)— chains wherein x is 1, 2 or 3 therein. The dielectric film is produced utilizing an annealing step subsequent deposition that includes a gaseous ambient that includes at least one C—C double bond and/or at least one C—C triple bond.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Assignee: GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC.
    Inventors: Stephen M. Gates, Alfred Grill, Son Nguyen, Satyanarayana V. Nitta, Thomas M. Shaw
  • Patent number: 9052600
    Abstract: A method for forming a resist pattern includes providing a resist film. A protective film is provided on the resist film using a composition for forming the protective film. The composition includes a polymer and an organic solvent. The resist film on which the protective film is provided is exposed to irradiation with EUV light or an electron beam. The exposed resist film is developed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2015
    Assignee: JSR CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ken Maruyama, Koji Inukai
  • Patent number: 9034426
    Abstract: Structured films containing multi-walled carbon nanotubes (“MWCNTs”) have enhanced mechanical performance in terms of strength, fracture resistance, and creep recovery of polyimide (“PI”) films. Preferably, the loadings of MWCNTs can be in the range of 0.1 wt % to 0.5 wt %. The strength of the new PI films dried at 60° C. increased by 55% and 72% for 0.1 wt % MWCNT and 0.5 wt % MWCNT loadings, respectively, while the fracture resistance increased by 23% for the 0.1 wt % MWCNTs and then decreases at a loading of 0.5 wt % MWCNTs. The films can be advantageously be created by managing a corresponding shift in the annealing temperature at which the maximum strength occurs as the MWCNT loadings increase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Tuskegee University
    Inventor: Heshmat Aglan
  • Patent number: 8975341
    Abstract: Modifying agents, e.g., a poly(sulfonyl) azide, are attached to a substrate surface, e.g., the surface of a polyolefin particle, by a process comprising the steps of: A. Contacting in an open contact zone and under a flow of inert gas a substrate with a modifying agent, binding agent, e.g., a phenolic-based antioxidant, and a liquid mixing agent, e.g., methylene chloride, to form a substrate mixture; B. Closing the contact zone and stopping the flow of inert gas to the contact zone; C. Agitating the substrate mixture under the inert gas in the closed contact zone to commence evaporation of the liquid mixing agent; D. Reducing the temperature and pressure of the closed contact zone while continuing to agitate the substrate mixture; and E. Completing the substantial evaporation of the mixing agent from the substrate mixture by opening the contact zone and initiating an inert gas flow while continuing agitation of the substrate mixture and maintaining a reduced pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: James W. McMichael, Jorg Theuerkauf, Bruce D. Hook, Malcolm F. Finlayson
  • Patent number: 8961918
    Abstract: A method for processing a substrate is provided; wherein the method comprises applying a film of a copolymer composition, comprising a poly(styrene)-b-poly(dimethylsiloxane) block copolymer component to a surface of the substrate; optionally, baking the film; subjecting the film to a high temperature annealing process under particularized atmospheric conditions for a specified period of time; followed by a treatment of the annealed film to remove the poly(styrene) from the annealed film and to convert the poly(dimethylsiloxane) in the annealed film to SiOx.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignees: Rohm and Haas Electronic Materials LLC, Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Shih-Wei Chang, Jeffrey D. Weinhold, Phillip D. Hustad, Peter Trefonas
  • Publication number: 20150044379
    Abstract: A method for producing a rubber roller includes preparing a rubber composition containing epichlorohydrin rubber and a conductive agent, the epichlorohydrin rubber being an epichlorohydrin-ethylene oxide-allyl glycidyl ether ternary copolymer that contains an ethylene oxide-derived structural unit within a range of 40 mol % or more and 60 mol % or less relative to the entire ternary copolymer, and a content of calcium oxide being 1 part by weight or less relative to 100 parts by weight of the epichlorohydrin rubber; removing a volatile component so that a ratio of the volatile component contained in the rubber composition is 0.8% by weight or less relative to the entire rubber composition; coating a periphery of a core body with the rubber composition to form a rubber composition layer; and vulcanizing the rubber composition layer under atmospheric pressure to form a rubber layer on the periphery of the core body.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 5, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: FUJI XEROX CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Eiichi IIDA
  • Patent number: 8940372
    Abstract: A method for treating a surface of a substrate. A functional chemical is applied onto the surface of the substrate for improving the adhesion of silicone to the substrate. The functional chemical is applied in an amount of at least 5 mg/m2 onto the surface of the substrate by using a steam application beam to form a functional chemical layer on the substrate. The functional chemical includes double bonds, silane hydride, or vinyl silane reactive groups, or oligomeric or polymeric hydrocarbon or polysiloxane compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Upm-Kymmene Corporation
    Inventors: Petri Tani, Harri Kosonen
  • Patent number: 8936829
    Abstract: Functional groups on the outermost surface of an amorphous hydrocarbon film are substituted. The amorphous hydrocarbon film is formed on a silicon substrate Sub, which is coated with a low-k film. A heat treatment is performed on the amorphous hydrocarbon film in a non-silane gas atmosphere. Next, a heat treatment is performed on the amorphous hydrocarbon film in a silane gas atmosphere immediately after the heat treatment in a non-silane gas atmosphere. After the heat treatment, a film, such as a hard mask, is formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Tokyo Electron Limited
    Inventor: Hiraku Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 8920866
    Abstract: A metal implant, in particular a dental implant, with a hydrophilic surface for at least partial insertion into a bone, and a method for the production of said implant are described. A particularly advantageous hydrophilic surface for improved osteointegration properties is made available if it is briefly treated, at least in some areas, in a weakly alkaline solution. These excellent osteointegration properties can be achieved in a method in which, optionally after a preceding mechanical surface modification by material removal and/or chemical surface modification, at least the areas exposed of this surface exposed to bone and/or soft tissue are chemically modified in an alkaline solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Thommen Medical AG
    Inventors: Falko Schlottig, Daniel Snetivy
  • Patent number: 8916239
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a flexible graphite sheet and a method for fabricating the same and a composite structure for the same. The method for fabricating a flexible graphite sheet comprises steps of coating an augmenting solution on a first film to form a composite structure, and heating the composite structure such that the first film and the augmenting solution form a flexible graphite sheet, wherein the thermal conducting cross-section of the flexible graphite sheet is larger than the thermal conducting cross-section of the first film, and the thermal conductivity of the flexible graphite sheet ranges from 1200 to 6000 W/m° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Huge Temp Energy Ltd
    Inventors: Ming Sheng Weng, Lung Ta Hsiao, Che Lu Tseng, Hung Yuan Li
  • Publication number: 20140370324
    Abstract: A cermet coating includes a hard phase and a binder phase that binds the hard phase, wherein the hard phase includes a carbide phase composed of at least one type of WC and CrC; and the binder phase includes at least one type of metal phase selected from Co, Ni, NiCr, and CoCr, has a structure of a metal polycrystalline body, and is bonded directly to a metal substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicant: National Institute for Materials Science
    Inventors: Makoto Watanabe, Seiji Kuroda, Masayuki Komatsu
  • Patent number: 8900653
    Abstract: A method of producing an electrode for an electricity storage device includes producing a paste to form an electrode active material layer, in which aggregates of a solids fraction material that contains at least an electrode active material and a binder are dispersed in a solvent, coating the paste on a surface of a current collector, and drying the current collector coated with the paste, to form the electrode active material layer formed of the solids fraction material. The paste is produced in such a manner that a content ratio of the solids fraction material in the paste is 60 to 80 mass %, an abundance ratio for the aggregates with a particle size that is equal to or smaller than 20 ?m is at least 99%, and a viscosity at 25° C. and a shear rate of 40 s?1 is 200 to 5,000 mPa·s.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Junya Mori, Hideki Hagiwara
  • Patent number: 8889229
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for formation of a siliceous film containing nitrogen in a low concentration. The method according to the present invention comprises the steps of: applying a polysilazane composition on an engraved substrate surface, to form a coating layer; hardening the coating layer only in the part adjacent to the substrate surface, to form a covering film along the shape of the engraved substrate; and removing the polysilazane composition of the coating layer in the part not hardened in the above covering film-formation step. According to this method, two or more siliceous films can be formed and layered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: AA Electronics Materials USA Corp.
    Inventors: Tatsuro Nagahara, Masanobu Hayashi
  • Publication number: 20140308450
    Abstract: A method of metalizing a surface of an insulation substrate includes: applying an ink composition onto the surface to form an ink layer; subjecting the insulation substrate to heat treatment at a temperature of about 500 to 1000 degrees Celsius in a non-reactive atmosphere; plating a metal layer on the ink layer. The ink composition comprises a metal compound and an ink vehicle. The metal compound includes at least one selected from a group consisting of a nano-copper oxide, a nano-cuprous oxide, a compound of formula I, and a compound of formula II, TiO2-? (I), M1M2pOq (II), 0.05??<1.8, where, M1 is at least one element selected from a group consisting of groups 2, 9-12 of the periodic table, M2 is at least one element selected from a group consisting of groups 3-8, 10 and 13 of the periodic table, 0<p?2, and 0<q<4.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2014
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Inventor: Weifeng MIAO
  • Patent number: 8828501
    Abstract: A coating solution is applied to a web to form a coating layer. Then the web is transported into a drying apparatus, in which a guide roller guides the web such that an angle of the web to a horizontal direction is smaller downstream from the guide roller. The angles at entrance and exit of the drying apparatus are named entrance and exit angles ?1, ?3, respectively, and satisfy a condition ?1>?3. The coating layer has the temperature T1 at the entrance, the temperature T2 at the exit, and the temperature T3 in the drying apparatus. The differences |T2?T1| and |T3?T1| are at most 5° C. In the drying apparatus, as the organic solvent evaporates uniformly, the generation of the unevenness is reduced. Thereafter, the drying is made at the large drying speed in the blow-drying apparatus to obtain a film product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Fujifilm Corporation
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Oki, Takeshi Kitaoka
  • Patent number: 8821738
    Abstract: A method for processing a substrate is provided; wherein the method comprises applying a film of a copolymer composition, comprising a poly(styrene)-b-poly(siloxane) block copolymer component; and, an antioxidant to a surface of the substrate; optionally, baking the film; annealing the film in a gaseous atmosphere containing ?20 wt % oxygen; followed by a treatment of the annealed film to remove the poly(styrene) from the annealed film and to convert the poly(siloxane) in the annealed film to SiOx.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignees: Rohm and Haas Electronic Materials LLC, Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Phillip D. Hustad, Xinyu Gu, Shih-Wei Chang, Jeffrey D. Weinhold, Peter Trefonas
  • Patent number: 8821739
    Abstract: A method for processing a substrate is provided; wherein the method comprises applying a film of a copolymer composition, comprising a poly(styrene)-b-poly(siloxane) block copolymer component; and, an antioxidant to a surface of the substrate; optionally, baking the film; subjecting the film to a high temperature annealing process under a gaseous atmosphere for a specified period of time; followed by a treatment of the annealed film to remove the poly(styrene) from the annealed film and to convert the poly(siloxane) in the annealed film to SiOx.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignees: Rohm and Haas Electronic Materials LLC, Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Xinyu Gu, Shih-Wei Chang, Phillip D. Hustad, Jeffrey D. Weinhold, Peter Trefonas
  • Patent number: 8789693
    Abstract: A metal implant, in particular a dental implant, with a hydrophilic surface for at least partial insertion into a bone, and a method for the production of said implant are described. A particularly advantageous hydrophilic surface for improved osteointegration properties is made available if it is briefly treated, at least in some areas, in a weakly alkaline solution. These excellent osteointegration properties can be achieved in a method in which, optionally after a preceding mechanical surface modification by material removal and/or chemical surface modification, at least the areas exposed of this surface exposed to bone and/or soft tissue are chemically modified in an alkaline solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Thommen Medical AG
    Inventors: Falko Schlottig, Daniel Snétivy
  • Publication number: 20140205756
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for fabricating pyrite thin films from molecular inks. A process is provided that comprises dissolving simple iron-bearing and sulfur-bearing molecules in an appropriate solvent and then depositing the solution onto an appropriate substrate using one of several methods (roll-to-roll coating, spraying, spin coating, etc.), resulting in a solid film consisting of the molecules. These molecular precursor films are then heated to 200-600° C. in the presence of sulfur-bearing gases (e.g., S2, H2S) to convert the molecular films into films of crystalline iron pyrite (FeS2).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: The Regents Of The University Of California
    Inventors: Matthew Law, Amanda S. Weber, Sean Seefeld, James Puthussery
  • Patent number: 8765216
    Abstract: Process for manufacturing of an optical article which comprises: making available an organic substrate based on an organic polymer having a degree of water uptake of greater than or equal to 0.6% by weight, with respect to the total weight of the substrate, the degree of water uptake being equal to the weight of water absorbed by the material after drying and then storing for 800 hours in a chamber at 50° C. under a relative humidity of 100% and at atmospheric pressure; forming a hard abrasion-resistant coating on the substrate by heating the substrate at a temperature of greater than or equal to 90° C. for a period of time of at least 20 minutes; exposing the substrate covered with the hard abrasion-resistant coating to a humid atmosphere, so as to restore, to the organic substrate, the water evaporated during stage; and depositing of a water-impermeable inorganic coating by vacuum evaporation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Essilor International (Compagnie Generale d'Optique)
    Inventors: Pierre-Jean Calba, Joseph Martin, Karin Scherer, Alain Thuillier, Gérard Willemin
  • Publication number: 20140174514
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a metal oxide-carbonaceous hybrid thin film, a preparing method of the metal oxide-carbonaceous hybrid thin film, and a dye-sensitized solar cell using a photoelectrode including the metal oxide-carbonaceous hybrid thin film.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2014
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: Ewha University - Industry Collaboration Foundation
    Inventors: Dong Ha Kim, Yoon Hee Jang
  • Patent number: 8741391
    Abstract: A dip-coating process includes immersing a member to be coated in a coating solution in a coating vessel and lifting the member to be coated while covering a side surface of the member to be coated with a telescopic sliding hood to form a coating film on a surface of the member to be coated. The telescopic sliding hood includes a plurality of tubular members connected so that their diameters successively decrease upward in a dip-coating direction, and can cover the side surface of the member to be coated by extending in association with the movement of the member to be coated during the lift of the member to be coated. While the member to be coated is being lifted, a downward airflow in the dip-coating direction is generated in a gap between an inner surface of the telescopic sliding hood and the member to be coated to discharge solvent vapor to outside the telescopic sliding hood.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Kawai, Kenichi Kaku
  • Publication number: 20140120266
    Abstract: Metal components with a protective coating containing silicon and a process for forming such protective coatings. The protective coating is formed by applying a silicon-containing fluid composition to the metal component as a silicon-containing layer and then heating the silicon-containing layer to a temperature exceeding 400° F.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 6, 2014
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: MT COATINGS, LLC
    Inventor: David C. Fairbourn
  • Patent number: 8703298
    Abstract: The gas-barrier film of the present invention basically comprises a polymer of a polyvalent metal salt of an unsaturated carboxylic acid compound which gives an infrared absorption spectrum in which the ratio of the absorbance A0 at around 1,700 cm?1 attributable to V C?O of the carboxylic acid group to the absorbance A at around 1,520 cm?1 attributable to V C?O of the carboxylate ion, A0/A, is lower than 0.25, and this gas-barrier film and a gas-barrier layered body having the film can be manufactured by applying a solution of a polyvalent metal salt of an unsaturated carboxylic acid compound having a degree of polymerization lower than 20 to at least one side of a substrate layer and then polymerizing the polyvalent metal salt of the unsaturated carboxylic acid compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Tohcello Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Osamu Nakamura, Tomoyoshi Hakamata, Akira Nomoto
  • Patent number: 8685357
    Abstract: The invention relates to a firing support for ceramics formed from a carbon substrate at least partially covered by a coating based on silicon carbide (SiC), said coating additionally adhering to said substrate. The invention also relates to a process for obtaining such a support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Centre de Recherches et d'Etudes Europeen
    Inventors: Matthias Schumann, Matteo Scalabrino, Kerstin Quellmalz
  • Patent number: 8679440
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for preparing nitride nanomaterials, including: providing a first precursor and a second precursor, in which the first precursor is a transition metal precursor, a group IIIA precursor, a group IVA precursor or a mixture thereof, and a second precursor is a nitrogen-containing aromatic compound; and heating the first precursor with the second precursor to form a nitride nanomaterial. Accordingly, the present invention provides a simpler, nontoxic, more widely applied and low-cost method for preparing nitride nanomaterials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: National Tsing Hua University
    Inventors: Chia-Min Yang, Bo-Kai Chen, Chia-Hua Ho
  • Patent number: 8658571
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the wet chemical production of an HTSL on a carrier, wherein an HTSL precursor solution comprising no trifluoroacetate may be utilized if the same is heated to a temperature Ts during the heat treatment of the HTSL precursor, wherein the remaining substances of the HTSL precursor solution form at least a partial melt, which is below the temperature at which RE2BaCuOx is formed, and which is deposited from the liquid phase while forming a peritectic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Isabel van Driessche, Pieter Vermeir, Serge Hoste, Michael Baecker
  • Patent number: 8653005
    Abstract: This invention provides a method of making a fluorinated precursor of a superconducting ceramic. The method comprises providing a solution comprising a rare earth salt, an alkaline earth metal salt and a copper salt; spraying the solution onto a substrate to provide a film-covered substrate; and heating the film-covered substrate in an atmosphere containing fluorinated gas to provide the fluorinated precursor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Harold Wiesmann, Vyacheslav Solovyov
  • Publication number: 20140014001
    Abstract: A method for processing a substrate is provided; wherein the method comprises applying a film of a copolymer composition, comprising a poly(styrene)-b-poly(siloxane) block copolymer component; and, an antioxidant to a surface of the substrate; optionally, baking the film; annealing the film in a gaseous atmosphere containing ?20 wt % oxygen; followed by a treatment of the annealed film to remove the poly(styrene) from the annealed film and to convert the poly(siloxane) in the annealed film to SiOx.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 12, 2012
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Applicants: DOW GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES LLC, ROHM AND HAAS ELECTRONIC MATERIALS LLC
    Inventors: Phillip Hustad, Xinyu Gu, Shih-Wei Chang, Jeffrey Weinhold, Peter Trefonas
  • Patent number: 8609185
    Abstract: A method of locally repairing an aluminide coating (50) on a gas turbine engine nozzle guide vane (26) or a turbine blade (30,30B) comprises removing a damaged portion of the aluminide coating (50) from a portion (53) of the surface of the article. Any oxidised layer (54) is removed from the portion (53) of the surface of the article. Stoichiometric amounts of nickel and aluminium are placed on the portion (53) of the surface of the article using at least one foil (57). The stoichiometric amounts of nickel and aluminium are heat treated to form an aluminide patch coating (50B) on the portion (53) of the surface of the article and to bond the aluminide patch coating (50B) to the portion (53) of the surface of the article and to the aluminide coating (50) surrounding the aluminide patch coating (50B). The advantage is that the aluminide coating (50) surrounding the aluminide patch coating (50B) is not over aluminised.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Rolls-Royce, PLC
    Inventors: Stephen J. Tuppen, Daniel Clark, Alan S. Wood
  • Patent number: 8586145
    Abstract: Methods and treatment compositions for imparting durable antimicrobial properties to carpet are provided. The method includes applying a composition comprising a first antimicrobial compound and a fluoropolymer to the carpet substrate. The carpet substrate may be steamed thereafter. The treatment composition may comprise a fluoropolymer, an antimicrobial compound selected from a group consisting of zinc pyrithione, a silver-containing antimicrobial compound and combinations thereof, and a foamer. Carpet products treated with the treatment composition or treated in accordance with the methods are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Beaulieu Group, LLC
    Inventors: Todd Mull, James Lesslie, Danny S. Wade
  • Patent number: 8541053
    Abstract: Densifying a multi-layer substrate includes providing a substrate with a first dielectric layer on a surface of the substrate. The first dielectric layer includes a multiplicity of pores. Water is introduced into the pores of the first dielectric layer to form a water-containing dielectric layer. A second dielectric layer is provided on the surface of the water-containing first dielectric layer. The first and second dielectric layers are annealed at temperature of 600° C. or less. In an example, the multi-layer substrate is a nanoimprint lithography template. The second dielectric layer may have a density and therefore an etch rate similar to that of thermal oxide, yet may still be porous enough to allow more rapid diffusion of helium than a thermal oxide layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Molecular Imprints, Inc.
    Inventors: Marlon Menezes, Frank Y. Xu, Fen Wan
  • Publication number: 20130230928
    Abstract: A method for measuring iron concentration that includes providing a sensor including a substrate, a ferrozine containing reagent, and a polymer covalently bonding the ferrozine containing reagent on the substrate. The sensor is inserted into an iron (Fe) containing sample. The ferrozine containing reagant reacts with iron (Fe) ions in the iron (Fe) containing sample. The optical properties of the sensor are measured after the ferrozine containing reagent reacts with the iron (Fe) ions in the iron (Fe) containing sample to determine the concentration of the iron (Fe) ions in the iron (Fe) containing sample.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2013
    Publication date: September 5, 2013
    Inventors: Qingzhi Zhu, Robert Aller
  • Patent number: 8518490
    Abstract: In a coating zone, a cylindrical tube is soaked in and taken out from a solution, such that a coating film is formed on a curved surface of the tube. In a wet gas zone, while a first gas feeding nozzle having a gas outlet moves in a state where the gas outlet faces an outer peripheral surface of the tube, wet gas is blown toward the coating film through the gas outlet. Water drops are generated on the coating film and grown up. In a dry gas zone, as in the case of the first gas feeding nozzle, while a second gas feeding nozzle having a gas outlet moves, dry gas is blown toward the coating film through the gas outlet. Solvent and water drops are evaporated from the coating film. Pores form from the water drops as a template for the porous material on the coating film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Fujifilm Corporation
    Inventors: Koju Ito, Tsukasa Ishihara, Hidekazu Yamazaki
  • Patent number: 8512811
    Abstract: A process by which an electrophotographic belt having a protective layer more containing a filler on its surface side can be produced at a lower cost. The process is a process for producing an electrophotographic belt having a base layer and a surface layer, and has the steps of (1) forming on the base layer a wet coating of a surface layer forming coating liquid in which a filler has been dispersed and a binder resin stands dissolved; (2) making water adhere to the surface of the wet coating; and (3) drying the wet coating to form the surface layer. The filler is a filler the affinity of which for the water is higher than the affinity the filler has for a dispersion medium of the filler in the coating-liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Noriaki Egawa
  • Patent number: 8501279
    Abstract: A process for production of a flexible laminated sheet having one or more laminated bodies each provided with a metal foil formed on one side of a resin film, the process comprising a coating step in which a varnish containing a polyamic acid and a solvent is coated onto the metal foil to form a coated film, a holding step in which the coated film formed on the metal foil is held, a drying step in which at least a portion of the solvent in the varnish is removed to form a layer composed of a resin composition, and a resin film-forming step in which the layer composed of the resin composition is heated to form a resin film containing a polyimide resin. The conditions for each step from the coating step up to the resin film-forming step are adjusted based on a target for the content of metal elements in the resin film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Chemical Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masahiko Suzuki, Kazuhito Obata, Katsuyuki Masuda, Kenichi Tomioka, Masaki Takeuchi, Sumio Yoshida, Hirokazu Suzuki, Yoshitsugu Matsuura
  • Patent number: 8470094
    Abstract: Apparatus for continuous coating has a chamber wall which forms a processing chamber, thermal insulation which forms a processing area within the chamber, a transportation device for substrates located in the processing area with a substrate transportation direction of the substrates lying in the lengthwise extension of the apparatus for continuous coating, and heating equipment which heats the substrates, is designed to minimize unwanted coating, in particular of parts of the apparatus, in order to minimize the expense of maintaining and servicing the apparatus A condensation element is positioned in the processing chamber, which extends into the processing area and binds the arising vapor through condensation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: VON ARDENNE Anlagentechnik GmBH
    Inventors: Hubertus Von Der Waydbrink, Siegfried Scheibe, Jens Meyer, Andrej Wolf, Uwe Traeber, Michael Hentschel
  • Patent number: 8470387
    Abstract: A bone repair material being superior in apatite-forming ability and its stability in a storage and high in scratch resistance is disclosed. The material is produced by a method comprising the steps of: immersing a substrate made of titanium or a titanium alloy in a first aqueous solution that does not contain calcium ions but contains at least one cation selected from the group consisting of sodium ions and potassium ions and is alkaline; immersing the substrate in a second aqueous solution that does not contain phosphate ions but contains calcium ions; heating the substrate in a dry atmosphere; and treating the substrate with hot water of 60° C. or higher or with steam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Advanced Medix Inc.
    Inventors: Tadashi Kokubo, Takashi Kizuki, Seiji Yamaguchi, Tomiharu Matsushita
  • Publication number: 20130156951
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a method for manufacturing silicon oxide nano wires, the method including: a metal nano particle applying step of applying metal nano particles to a silicon wafer; and a heat treatment step of performing heat treatment under an atmosphere of reactive gas including hydrogen gas. Therefore, the silicon oxide nano wires may be manufactured by a simple process and a separate silicon source needs not to be injected, such that a manufacturing cost may be decreased and manufacturing efficiency may be improved, as compared with methods according to the related art.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 10, 2012
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS CO., LTD.
    Inventor: SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS CO., LTD.
  • Patent number: 8454987
    Abstract: The present invention provides a flexible, biocompatible transparent sheet (8) which has high biocompatibility and a high ability to adsorb a biologically relevant substance, which can be used as a novel biomaterial, and which can be used to observe the propagation, differentiation, and/or the like of living cells in real time. The biocompatible transparent sheet (8) is produced in such a manner that a biocompatible ceramic film (2) is formed on a substrate (1) soluble in a solvent (11) incapable of dissolving biocompatible ceramics by using exemplary a laser ablation process, the substrate (1) depositing the film (2) is dipped in the solvent (11) and dissolved off, and the isolated film (2) is then dried. The biocompatible transparent sheet (8) is utilizable of producing a flexible cultured cell sheet which can be directly transplanted to an affected area. The cell sheet can be prepared in such a manner that cells are seeded on the biocompatible transparent sheet (8) and then propagated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignees: Kinki University, Japan Science and Technology
    Inventors: Shigeki Hontsu, Hiroaki Nishikawa, Masanobu Kusunoki, Ryouta Hatanaka
  • Patent number: 8445066
    Abstract: Systems and methods for making a monolithic gel body. Some systems can include a substrate, a sol, an ammonia atmosphere. Some methods can include applying a first quantity of the sol to the substrate to form a first coated substrate, and positioning the first coated substrate in the ammonia atmosphere to cure the first quantity of sol to form a first supported gel comprising a first gel supported by the substrate. Such methods can further include applying a second quantity of the sol to the first supported gel to form a second coated substrate comprising the second quantity of sol and the first supported gel. Some methods can include positioning the substrate in the ammonia atmosphere while applying the sol onto the substrate to form a monolithic gel body by a layering process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventor: Michael Jahns
  • Patent number: 8357428
    Abstract: After a second liquid is applied to a support and dried, a first liquid is applied thereon. On a film of the first liquid, a third liquid (water) is supplied in droplets using an inkjet-type liquid supply unit. An area supplied with the droplets is referred to as porous area. Next, an organic solvent is evaporated from the film and the droplets are evaporated from the porous area. Thus, a porous film is obtained. The porous film has the porous areas in which a plurality of pores are arranged. Since the droplets are directly formed by an inkjet printing method, a condensation process and a droplet growing process are unnecessary. Thus, the porous film is produced efficiently. Shapes of the porous areas can be changed easily. The porous areas can be formed on the porous film in various patterns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2013
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Koju Ito, Hidekazu Yamazaki
  • Patent number: 8322045
    Abstract: In one aspect, a substrate processing apparatus is provided. The apparatus comprises a mechanism for forming a meniscus on a surface of a substrate by moving the substrate through a fluid; an air knife apparatus positioned to apply an air knife to shorten the meniscus formed on the surface of the substrate; and a drying vapor nozzle positioned to direct a drying vapor to the meniscus shortened by the air knife. Numerous other aspects are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Nathan D. Stein, Younes Achkire, Timothy J. Franklin, Julia Svirchevski, Dan A. Marohl
  • Patent number: 8323743
    Abstract: An acrylic-fiber finish for use in carbon-fiber production contributes to high tenacity of resultant carbon fiber. The acrylic-fiber finish for carbon-fiber production includes an epoxy-polyether-modified silicone and a surfactant. The weight ratios of the epoxy-polyether-modified silicone and the surfactant in the total of the non-volatile components of the finish respectively range from 1 to 95 wt % and from 5 to 50 wt %. The carbon fiber production method includes a fiber production process for producing an acrylic fiber for carbon-fiber production by applying the finish to an acrylic fiber which is a basic material for the acrylic fiber for carbon-fiber production; an oxidative stabilization process for converting the acrylic fiber produced in the fiber production process into oxidized fiber in an oxidative atmosphere at 200 to 300 deg.C.; and a carbonization process for carbonizing the oxidized fiber in an inert atmosphere at 300 to 2,000 deg.C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Matsumoto Yushi-Seiyaku Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takeyoshi Nakayama, Yoshio Hashimoto, Mikio Nakagawa
  • Patent number: 8318246
    Abstract: A process for preparing compacted pigment granules, comprising the steps of (1) loading iron oxide powder into a rotating mixer; (2) spraying, while the mixer is rotating, liquid binder solution onto the cascading pigment powder, whereby the cascading pigment powder is compacted into dense granules of approximately 0.3-1.2 mm diameter and having a moisture content of approximately 10-14%; and (3) directing, while the mixer is rotating, heated air at a temperature of 200-600° C. onto the compacted pigment granules, so that the compacted pigment granules are dried at a temperature of approximately 50-100° C., and continuing this process for approximately 2-3 hours until the moisture content of the compacted pigment granules is reduced to approximately 2% or less, whereupon the compacted pigment granules are removed from the mixer, and a process for preparing encapsulated pigment granules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Inventors: Zachary Gillman, Martin Chasse