With Frequency Stabilization For At Least One Local Oscillator Patents (Class 455/316)
  • Patent number: 9991916
    Abstract: At least one distributor that distributes a high-frequency signal received by an antenna; and a high-frequency processing unit that outputs a received signal obtained by mixing the high-frequency signal distributed by the distributor with a local oscillator frequency generated by a local oscillator that includes a voltage-controlled oscillator are included. Furthermore, a control unit that, when executing a local oscillator frequency search to investigate a correspondence between a control voltage applied to the voltage-controlled oscillator and the local oscillator frequency of the voltage-controlled oscillator, sets to a dormant state parts constituting the local oscillator that are uninvolved in operation of the local oscillator frequency search is included.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: Sony Semiconductor Solutions Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Shimizu, Tomonori Nakajima, Toshikazu Yoshida
  • Patent number: 9008601
    Abstract: A circuit for a single differential-inductor oscillator with common-mode resonance may include a tank circuit formed by coupling a first inductor with a pair of first capacitors; a cross-coupled transistor pair coupled to the tank circuit; and one or more second capacitors coupled to the tank circuit and the cross-coupled transistors. The single differential-inductor oscillator may be configured such that a common mode (CM) resonance frequency (FCM) associated with the single differential-inductor oscillator is at twice a differential resonance frequency (FD) associated with the single differential-inductor oscillator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Broadcom Corporation
    Inventors: David Patrick Murphy, Hooman Darabi
  • Patent number: 8892065
    Abstract: Various methods for wireless signal storage with signal recognition detection triggering are provided. One method may include receiving a plurality of wireless signals via a plurality of frequency channels, storing representations of the plurality of wireless signals in a signal buffer, and receiving a trigger request for a signal of interest. In this regard, the trigger request may have been generated based on an analysis of at least one wireless signal within the plurality of wireless signals to thereby identify the signal of interest. The method may also include retrieving a representation of the signal of interest from the signal buffer based on the trigger request, and analyzing the retrieved representation of the signal of interest with associated signal characteristics to determine a location of a source of the signal of interest. Similar apparatuses and computer program products are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Zebra Enterprise Solutions Corp.
    Inventors: Michael A. Wohl, Thomas L. Richardson, Jerald W. English, David S. Wisherd
  • Patent number: 8744020
    Abstract: A frequency offset of a received signal comprising a number of subsequently received data symbols is estimated. A first estimate is determined from a calculated change in phase of the received signal between two received symbols having a first time distance between them. At least one further estimate is determined from a calculated change in phase of the received signal between two received symbols having a different time distance. A frequency periodicity is determined for each estimate from the distance between the two received symbols from which the estimate was determined. A set of integer values is determined for each estimate so that frequency values calculated for each estimate as the frequency periodicity multiplied by the integer value added to the estimate are at least approximately equal to each other, and a corrected estimate of the frequency offset is determined from the integer values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson (publ)
    Inventors: Niklas Andgart, Fredrik Nordström
  • Patent number: 8718590
    Abstract: A downconverter mixes a first comb spectrum with a local oscillator signal to generate a second comb spectrum in a lower frequency range. The first comb spectrum comprises frequency components separated from each other according to a frequency spacing interval, and the LO signal has a frequency offset relative to the first comb spectrum, where the frequency offset is a rational fraction of the frequency spacing interval. The second comb spectrum comprises lower and upper sideband responses corresponding to respective lower and upper sideband signals of the first comb spectrum. The lower and upper sideband responses in the second comb spectrum can be distinguished from each other based on the frequency offset.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Patent number: 8699985
    Abstract: A signal processor includes a frequency generator that employs a direct digital synthesizer (DDS) to generate a first local oscillator (LO) signal with a variable first LO frequency. The signal processor also includes an oscillator generating a second LO signal having a second LO frequency. The DDS employs programmable frequency control word and a sampling clock signal having a variable sampling clock frequency that is derived from the second LO frequency, to generate a DDS output signal from which the first LO signal is produced. The variable sampling clock frequency and the programmable frequency control word are selected to avoid crossing spurs in the frequency spectrum of the DDS output signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Wing J. Mar
  • Patent number: 8606209
    Abstract: Embodiments of systems and methods for the efficient implementation of tuners are generally described herein. Other embodiments may be described and claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Nicholas Cowley, Isaac Ali, Bernard Arambepola
  • Patent number: 8588712
    Abstract: A modulation circuit for use in a radiofrequency transmitter includes a local oscillator circuit configured to generate one or more local oscillator signals at a desired frequency and with a duty cycle at or about twenty-five percent, and a modulator configured to generate one or more modulated signals responsive to the one or more local oscillator signals and one or more baseband information signals. In at least one embodiment, the modulation circuit includes a modulator comprising a combined mixing and transconductance circuit that includes a transistor circuit for each baseband information signal serving as a modulation input to the modulator. Each transistor circuit comprises a first transistor driven by the baseband information signal and coupling a modulator output node to a corresponding transconductance element, and a second transistor driven by one of the one or more local oscillator signals and coupling the corresponding transconductance element to a signal ground node.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson (publ)
    Inventors: Sven Mattisson, Magnus Nilsson
  • Patent number: 8532236
    Abstract: A radio-frequency (RF) apparatus, which may reside in a receiver or transceiver, includes receive-path circuitry. The receive-path circuitry includes a poly-phase filter and a harmonic filter. The poly-phase filter accepts an input signal and generates two output signals. One output signal of the poly-phase filter constitutes an in-phase (I) signal. The other output signal of the poly-phase filter constitutes a quadrature (Q) signal. The a harmonic filter couples to the poly-phase filter. The harmonic filter accepts as input signals the in-phase and quadrature output signals of the poly-phase filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Silicon Laboratories Inc.
    Inventor: Donald A. Kerth
  • Patent number: 8489054
    Abstract: An oscillator is described, comprising at least one transistor having a first terminal connected to a power supply voltage. The oscillator comprises at least one inductive element connected to a second terminal of the transistor and to a bias voltage and at least one capacitive element coupled between a third terminal of the transistor and ground. The oscillator further comprises means to collect the output signal of the oscillator on the second terminal of the transistor. The oscillator is of the millimeter wave type, i.e., both the inductive element and the capacitive element are sized such that the oscillation frequency is between 30 and 300 gigahertz.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: STMicroelectronics S.r.l.
    Inventors: Giuseppina Sapone, Alessandro Italia, Egidio Ragonese, Giuseppe Palmisano
  • Patent number: 8483332
    Abstract: In an oscillating apparatus, a detection unit detects a frequency offset between an input signal and a reference signal. A code generation unit specifies a relationship among a code having a predetermined number of bits, the frequency offset, and a voltage to be applied to a voltage-controlled oscillator by a DAC, in accordance with a frequency offset detection state of the detection unit. The code generation unit also generates a frequency offset correction code having a predetermined number of bits in accordance with the specified relationship. The DAC applies the voltage to the voltage-controlled oscillator, in accordance with the relationship described above and the code generated by the code generation unit. The voltage controlled oscillator outputs an oscillator signal having an oscillation frequency corresponding to the voltage applied by the DAC.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Fujitsu Limited
    Inventor: Hiroki Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 8483628
    Abstract: A frequency translation filter includes a baseband filter circuit, a clock generator, and a switching circuit. The baseband filter circuit is operable to provide a baseband filter response. The clock generator is operable to generate multiple-phase clock signals at a desired frequency. The switching circuit is operable to frequency translate the baseband filter response of the baseband filter circuit to a high frequency filter response in accordance with the multiple-phase clock signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Broadcom Corporation
    Inventors: Ahmad Mirzaei, David Murphy, Hooman Darabi
  • Patent number: 8463224
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for splitting a wide band input signal and overlaying multiple frequency bands on each path associated with one or more digitizers. All frequencies from the split signal on each path can be fed to a mixer. The local oscillator of each mixer receives a sum of signals, which can each be set to any arbitrary frequency, as long as an associated matrix determinant of coefficients is non-zero. Each oscillator signal is multiplied by a coefficient, which can represent phase and magnitude, prior to summing the oscillator signals together. Each mixer mixes a combined signal with the input, thereby generating a set of multiple overlaid frequency bands. The digitized signals are processed to substantially reconstruct the original input signal. Thus, the wide band input signal is digitized using multiple individual digitizers. In particular, a system can support two wide band signals using four digitizers of narrower bandwidth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: Tektronix, Inc.
    Inventors: John J. Pickerd, Kan Tan
  • Patent number: 8385855
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to systems, devices and methods related to transmitters, and/or transceivers having a single, tunable oscillator in a dual conversion architecture. In various exemplary embodiments, this transmitter may include: a first mixer configured to receive a first oscillator signal from the single oscillator; a filter configured to band pass filter the converted signal and output a filtered signal; and a second mixer in communication with the filter, configured to receive the filtered signal. This dual conversion transmitter may be configured to receive a communication signal from an input to the transmitter and to output a converted signal based on the first oscillator signal and the communication signal. The second mixer may be configured to receive a scaled version of the first oscillator signal and to output a desired frequency output signal based on the scaled version of the first oscillator signal and the filtered signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: ViaSat, Inc.
    Inventors: Shawn M. Lorg, Kenneth V. Buer
  • Patent number: 8374552
    Abstract: Testing a plurality of communication devices. A plurality of signals may be received from the plurality of communication devices. The plurality of signals may include a signal from each of the plurality of communication devices, where a first subset of the plurality of signals has a different frequency than a second subset of the plurality of signals. The received signals may be combined into a combined signal. The combined signal may be downconverted to a combined signal, e.g., by mixing the combined signal with an output from at least one local oscillator. The downconverting may generate a plurality of lower frequency signals, each corresponding to one of the plurality of received signals. Testing may be performed on each of the plurality of lower frequency signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: National Instruments Corporation
    Inventors: Craig E. Rupp, Richard Henry Mace Keene
  • Patent number: 8185067
    Abstract: A modulation circuit for use in a radiofrequency transmitter includes a local oscillator circuit configured to generate one or more local oscillator signals at a desired frequency and with a duty cycle at or about twenty-five percent, and a modulator configured to generate one or more modulated signals responsive to the one or more local oscillator signals and one or more baseband information signals. In at least one embodiment, the modulation circuit includes a modulator comprising a combined mixing and transconductance circuit that includes a transistor circuit for each baseband information signal serving as a modulation input to the modulator. Each transistor circuit comprises a first transistor driven by the baseband information signal and coupling a modulator output node to a corresponding transconductance element, and a second transistor driven by one of the one or more local oscillator signals and coupling the corresponding transconductance element to a signal ground node.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2012
    Assignee: Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (publ)
    Inventors: Sven Mattisson, Magnus Nilsson
  • Patent number: 8145155
    Abstract: A passive mixer include a switching architecture configured to generate differential in-phase (I) and differential quadrature-phase (Q) signals using differential components of the in-phase (I) and quadrature-phase (Q) signals operating on transitions of an approximate 25% duty cycle signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Mediatek, Inc.
    Inventors: Rajasekhar Pullela, Mohamed El Said
  • Patent number: 8140039
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a quadrature divider which may be used in a phase locked loop or frequency synthesizer or with a single side band mixer. According to a preferred embodiment the divider takes a quadrature input and has a quadrature output. The divider has four analog mixers 1, 2, 3 and 4. The first two mixers 1, 2 take the in-phase quadrature input, while the second mixers 3, 4 take the quadrature-phase quadrature input. The outputs and feedback loops of the mixers are properly arranged such that the in-phase and quadrature-phase outputs of the divider have a determinisitic phase sequence relationship based on the phase sequence relationship of the corresponding quadrature inputs. Third order harmonics may be minimized or reduced by addition or subtraction of the mixer outputs. As the divider is able to take a quadrature input, there is no need for a dummy divider in the phase locked loop, thus saving space and power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Howard Cam Luong, Hui Zheng
  • Patent number: 8140043
    Abstract: A disdosed method tunes a signal from a channelized spectrum having a predetermined channel spacing. A signal of interest having a predetermined maximum bandwidth is mixed with a local oscillator signal, which has a frequency that is an integer multiple of the channel spacing or one-half of a channel spacing displaced from an integer multiple of the channel spacing. The local oscillator signal is selected to frequency translate the signal of interest to within a near-baseband passband whose lower edge is spaced from DC by at least about the maximum bandwidth of the signal of interest. Problems associated with 1/f noise, DC offsets, and self-mixing products are avoided or substantially diminished. Other methods and systems are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: University of Washington
    Inventor: Edwin A. Suominen
  • Patent number: 8027656
    Abstract: Aspects of a method and system for a distributed transceiver for high frequency applications may include generating a second signal from a first signal by frequency-translating the first signal via a plurality of conversion stages. Each of the plurality of conversion stages may frequency-translate a corresponding input signal by a local oscillator frequency or by a fraction of said local oscillator frequency. The first signal may be the corresponding input signal to an initial stage of a the plurality of conversion stages, an output signal of a previous one of the plurality of conversion stages may be the corresponding input signal to a subsequent one of the plurality of conversion stages, and the second signal may be an output signal of a final stage of the plurality of conversion stages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2011
    Assignee: Broadcom Corporation
    Inventors: Ahmadreza Rofougaran, Maryam Rofougaran
  • Patent number: 8019313
    Abstract: Aspects of a method and system for a distributed transceiver for high frequency applications may include generating a second signal from a first signal by frequency-translating the first signal via a plurality of conversion stages. Each of the plurality of conversion stages may frequency-translate a corresponding input signal by a local oscillator frequency or by a fraction of said local oscillator frequency, and each of the plurality of conversion stages may comprise a multiplier and a notch filter. The first signal may be the corresponding input signal to an initial stage of a the plurality of conversion stages, an output signal of a previous one of the plurality of conversion stages may be the corresponding input signal to a subsequent one of the plurality of conversion stages, and the second signal may be an output signal of a final stage of the plurality of conversion stages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: Broadcom Corporation
    Inventors: Ahmadreza Rofougaran, Maryam Rofougaran
  • Patent number: 8014477
    Abstract: A receiver is set forth that includes a tuner circuit and a converter circuit. The tuner circuit provides an analog signal corresponding to a modulated signal that is received on a selected channel. The converter circuit includes a sample clock that is used to convert the analog signal to a digital signal at a conversion rate corresponding to the frequency of the sample clock. The sample clock is selectable between at least two different clock frequencies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Marvell International Ltd.
    Inventors: King Chun Tsai, Patrick Clement, David Cousinard
  • Patent number: 7912429
    Abstract: An upconverter includes a switching architecture configured to receive an input signal, a first local oscillator (LO) signal, and a second local oscillator (2LO) signal that is at a frequency that is twice a frequency of the local oscillator (LO) signal, wherein the switching architecture is configured to switch the input signal on transitions of the second local oscillator (2LO) signal, and wherein the first local oscillator signal and the second local oscillator signal are combined to form combined LO 2LO switching signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2011
    Assignee: Mediatek, Inc.
    Inventors: Utku Seckin, Rajasekhar Pullela, Bipul Agarwal
  • Patent number: 7903762
    Abstract: A direct conversion multi-band TV tuner includes: a plurality of RF (radio frequency) paths for processing the RF signal and for generating a plurality of processed RF signals, respectively; and a TSC (tri-state chopper) based quadrature frequency converter for receiving one of said processed RF signals and converting the received processed RF signal into a in-phase baseband signal and a quadrature baseband signals; wherein the TSC based quadrature frequency converter operates in accordance with a first set of periodic three-state control signals and a second set of periodic three-state control signals that are approximately 90 degrees offset from the first set of periodic three-state control signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2011
    Assignee: Realtek Semiconductor Corp.
    Inventor: Chia-Liang Lin
  • Patent number: 7904036
    Abstract: A modulation circuit for use in a radiofrequency transmitter includes a local oscillator circuit configured to generate one or more local oscillator signals at a desired frequency and with a duty cycle at or about twenty-five percent, and a modulator configured to generate one or more modulated signals responsive to the one or more local oscillator signals and one or more baseband information signals. In at least one embodiment, the modulation circuit includes a modulator comprising a combined mixing and transconductance circuit that includes a transistor circuit for each baseband information signal serving as a modulation input to the modulator. Each transistor circuit comprises a first transistor driven by the baseband information signal and coupling a modulator output node to a corresponding transconductance element, and a second transistor driven by one of the one or more local oscillator signals and coupling the corresponding transconductance element to a signal ground node.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2011
    Assignee: Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (publ)
    Inventors: Sven Mattisson, Magnus Nilsson
  • Patent number: 7792510
    Abstract: A multi-mode PLL frequency synthesizer of a wireless multi-mode transceiver is provided which includes a reference frequency source providing an oscillator signal with a constant reference frequency, a first frequency synthesizer subunit for converting the signal into carrier signals with frequencies in the range of a first frequency band, a second frequency synthesizer subunit for transforming the oscillator signal into carrier signals having frequencies in the range of a second frequency band, and a third frequency synthesizer subunit for converting the oscillator signal into an auxiliary signal with a fixed frequency. The auxiliary signal is used together with the carrier signals of the second frequency band to generate carrier signals with frequencies in the range of a third and fourth frequency band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2010
    Assignee: Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications AB
    Inventors: Alexander Pestryakov, Alexej Smirnov
  • Patent number: 7787852
    Abstract: A RF receiver includes a low noise amplifier and blocking module, a down conversion module, and a local oscillation module. The low noise amplifier and blocking module is coupled to receive an inbound RF signal, wherein the amplified inbound RF signal includes a desired RF signal component and a blocking RF signal component; attenuate the blocking RF signal component of the amplified inbound RF signal; and pass, substantially unattenuated and amplified, the desired RF signal component of the inbound RF signal to produce a desired inbound RF signal. The down conversion module is coupled to convert desired inbound RF signal into an inbound signal based on a receive local oscillation. The local oscillation module is coupled to produce the receive local oscillation, wherein the local oscillation module includes a notch filter module coupled to attenuate signal components of the receive local oscillation at frequencies corresponding to harmonics of the blocking RF signal component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2010
    Assignee: Broadcom Corporation
    Inventor: Ahmadreza (Reza) Rofougaran
  • Patent number: 7756503
    Abstract: Heretofore, a plurality of packages were used in a high frequency module in which a plurality of waveguide terminals were positioned resulting in problems, such as degradation of characteristics in the connection lines between packages, lower ease of assembly when mounting and connecting the connection lines, increased cost, and so forth. To solve these problems, a plurality of cavities having a part or the entire side metallized is formed in a multi-layer dielectric substrate. The multi-layer dielectric substrate is provided with a plurality of waveguide terminals, microstrip line-waveguide converters, RF lines, bias and control signal wiring, and bias and control signal pads. A high frequency circuit is mounted within the cavity and sealed with a seal and cover. This is intended to reduce the number of package, improve performance, improve fabrication, and lower the cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2010
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Tsutomu Tamaki, Takuya Suzuki, Koichi Matsuo, Hiroshi Kai
  • Patent number: 7734272
    Abstract: A direct conversion satellite tuner is fully integrated on a common substrate. The integrated tuner receives an RF signal having a plurality of channels and down-converts a selected channel directly to baseband for further processing. The integrated tuner includes on-chip local oscillator generation, tunable baseband filters, and DC Offset cancellation. The integrated tuner can be implemented in a completely differential I/Q configuration for improved electrical performance. The entire direct conversion satellite tuner can be fabricated on a single semiconductor substrate using standard CMOS processing, with minimal off-chip components. The tuner configuration described herein is not limited to processing TV signals, and can be utilized to down-convert other RF signals to an IF frequency or baseband.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Assignee: Broadcom Corporation
    Inventor: Alexandre Kral
  • Patent number: 7610032
    Abstract: A method for generating phase signals includes triggering a phase register to output a binary number stored in the phase register, wherein the phase register is triggered based at least in part on a voltage signal provided by a voltage controlled oscillator. The method also includes providing an input signal to a decoder, wherein the input signal is based at least in part on the binary number output by the phase register and the decoder is operable to generate phase signals in response to the input signals. The method further includes incrementing the binary number stored in the phase register and repeating the triggering and providing steps after the binary number is incremented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2009
    Assignee: Microtune (Texas), L.P.
    Inventor: Thomas L. Davis
  • Patent number: 7577215
    Abstract: An FM modulation signal is mixed with a pair of first local oscillation signals to be converted to a pair of base band signals. The base band signals are respectively mixed a pair of second local oscillation signals. The resultant signals are added together, thereby yielding an IF signal which is in turn detected. The local oscillator generates a reference oscillation signal whose frequency corresponds to a carrier component of the IF signal and frequency-divides the reference oscillation signal, thus generating the second local oscillation signals. The frequency of the first local oscillation signal converges to the one that has a given ratio to the frequency of the reference oscillation signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2009
    Assignee: Icom Incorporated
    Inventor: Kiyoshi Sakurai
  • Patent number: 7546102
    Abstract: The invention relates to a dual band frequency synthesizer for generating either a first output frequency fhigh or a second output frequency flow, where fhigh=2 flow, comprising an oscillator circuit for generating at its output a frequency fVCO=(fhigh+flow)/2, a divide by three (3) circuit, coupled to the output of the oscillator circuit, for generating at its output an offset frequency fDB3=fVCO/3, and a double quadrature mixer circuit, coupled to the output of the oscillator circuit and to the output of the divide by three circuit, for generating either the first output frequency fhigh=fVCO+fDB3 or the second output the frequency flow=fVCO?fDB3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2009
    Assignee: NewLogic Technologies GmbH
    Inventor: Peter Widerin
  • Patent number: 7542752
    Abstract: A method and device for adjacent channels operation based on downconverting the input signal to an IF signal, filtering the IF signal, and upconverting the filtered IF signal to the original frequency. The present invention is primarily directed to applications involving the use of standard RF transceiver which does not incorporate a high Q filter. Moreover, the present invention may be used with a circular polarized cross recessed corners stacked array antenna in order to further improve its adjacent channels operation performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2009
    Assignee: Go Net Systems Ltd.
    Inventors: Yaron Fein, Ronen Akerman, George Lazar
  • Patent number: 7536163
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for converting a frequency of a high frequency signal received from an antenna in an ultra wide band communication system transmitting and receiving using at least two reference frequencies. The method includes generating generation frequencies having frequencies set to convert the frequency of the high frequency signal and mixing the frequency of the high frequency signal and the generation frequencies in at least two stages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2009
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Min-suk Kang, Tuan-anh Phan, Eun-chul Park, Chun-deok Suh, Chang-wam Kim, Sang-gug Lee
  • Patent number: 7502605
    Abstract: The invention relates to an imaging device to be used with millimeter and/or sub-millimeter radiation comprising at least a pair of substrates, at least one of which is patterned on at least one surface with a patterning defining at least one radiation detector, each radiation detector comprising: an antenna adapted to receive millimeter and/or sub-millimeter electromagnetic radiation, a mixer channel coupled to said antenna and in communication with a via extending through a substrate for connection to a signal output, a mixer comprising filters being mounted in the mixer channel for extracting an intermediate frequency signal in dependence upon said radiation received by the antenna, a waveguide structure coupled to said mixer and having a signal input for connection to a local oscillator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2009
    Assignee: Agence Spatiale Europeenne
    Inventors: Dario Calogero Castiglione, Luisa Deias, Inigo Ederra-Urzainqui, David Brian Haskett, Derek Jenkins, Alexandre Vincent Samuel Bernard Laisne, Alec John McCalden, James Peter O'Neil, Jorge Teniente-Vallinas, Frank Van De Water, Alfred A. Zinn, Peter De Maagt, Chris Mann
  • Patent number: 7437133
    Abstract: A front end for a radio frequency tuner, for example for connection to a cable distribution network, including an input connected to a signal path comprising an LNA connected via an AGC stage to a signal splitter. The input path has a bandwidth sufficiently wide to pass all of the channels in an input signal and has a substantially constant voltage standing wave ratio over the bandwidth. The splitter supplies identical signals to several filtering paths, each of which comprises a fixed filter. The paths are selectable one at a time and the filters divide the input frequency band into a plurality of contiguous or slightly overlapping sub-bands. The output of the front end is supplied to, for example, a double conversion arrangement comprising an upconverter and a downconverter with first and second IF filters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2008
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Mark Stephen John Mudd, Nicholas Paul Cowley
  • Publication number: 20080076355
    Abstract: A method for protecting Security Accounts Manager (SAM) files within a Windows® operating system is disclosed. A SAM file encryption key is generated by encrypting a SAM file via a syskey utility provided within the Windows® operating system. The SAM file encryption key is then stored in a virtual floppy disk by selecting an option to store SAM file encryption key to a floppy disk under the syskey utility. A blob is generated by performing a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) Seal command against the SAM file encryption key along with a value stored in a Performance Control Register and a TPM Storage Root Key. The blob is stored in a non-volatile storage area of a computer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2006
    Publication date: March 27, 2008
    Inventors: Rod D. Waltermann, David C. Challener, Philip L. Childs, Norman A. Dion, James Hunt, Nathan J. Peterson, David Rivera, Randall S. Springfield, Arnold S. Weksler
  • Patent number: 7295821
    Abstract: An automatic frequency control (AFC) system applies in a mobile station for automatically controlling a local frequency signal to be substantially synchronized with an input signal which is a first received signal SH from a base station, and for being capable of shifting the frequency of the local frequency signal to be close to that of a second received signal Snew from another base station when the input signal is changed from the first received signal SH to the second received signal Snew. The AFC system comprises a control module, a memory unit, and an automatic frequency controller. The memory unit stores a plurality of AFC parameter sets; each AFC parameter set corresponds to a base station within the wireless cellular system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2007
    Assignee: MediaTek Inc.
    Inventor: Ti-Wen Yuan
  • Patent number: 7289782
    Abstract: A linearized oscillation synthesizer includes a phase and frequency detection module, charge pump circuit, low pass filter, voltage control oscillator, and a feedback module. The phase and frequency detection module is operably coupled to produce a charge-up signal, a charge-down signal, and an off signal based on phase and/or frequency differences between a reference oscillation and a feedback oscillation. The reference oscillation is generated by a clock source such as a crystal oscillator while the divider module generates the feedback oscillation by dividing the output oscillation by a divider value. The charge pump circuit produces a positive current in response to the charge-up signal, a negative current in response to the charge-down signal and also produces a non-zero offset current. The non-zero offset current shifts the steady state operating condition, and other operating conditions, of the charge pump into a linear region of charge pump performance curve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2007
    Assignee: Broadcom Corporation
    Inventors: Tsung-Hsien Lin, Hung-Ming Chien
  • Patent number: 7239846
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a signal modulation loop for the multi-mode mobile communication. The adaptive up-conversion modulation loop is applied in the multi-mode mobile communication, and is used for signal integration for the communication system comprising the second generation communication system, the global system for mobile communication (GSM), and the third generation communication system, the wideband code division multiple access (WCDMA), so as to achieve the object of multi-mode communication by using a single modulation loop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2007
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Huan-Ke Chiu, June-Ming Hsu, Tzu-Yi Yang
  • Patent number: 7228118
    Abstract: A frequency tracking circuit and method comprising a master crystal oscillator circuit is used for frequency tracking between a handset and a base station comprising a calibration subsystem for taking a temperature measurement, a reference control circuit for determining a numerical value needed to align a handset frequency with a base station frequency, an adder for adding the numerical value to a previous numerical value determined by the reference control circuit, a latch for latching the output of the adder, and a low precision master crystal oscillator for clocking the frequency of the latch. The most significant bit from the latch is input into a phase/frequency detector for forcing a voltage controlled oscillator to track a desired frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2007
    Assignee: Agere Systems Inc.
    Inventor: Carl Stevenson
  • Patent number: 7190943
    Abstract: A circuit for frequency translating a radio frequency signal comprises a plurality of mixer stages, each stage associated with a particular range of frequencies of a radio frequency signal. The circuit further comprises a switching circuit that communicates the radio frequency signal to a selected one of the plurality of mixer stages in response to a control signal. The selected mixer stage comprises a phase generation circuit that generates a plurality of phase signals, and at least one mixer that combines the radio frequency signal with one of the plurality of phase signals to generate at least a portion of an intermediate frequency signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2007
    Assignee: Microtune (Texas), L.P.
    Inventor: Thomas L. Davis
  • Patent number: 7184733
    Abstract: An oscillation frequency changing means is inserted between a tuner and an oscillator of local oscillator (56) of a high frequency receiving device, and the oscillation frequency changing means, in each frequency band received, changes the oscillation frequency characteristic of local oscillator (56) in relation to the tuning voltage supplied from PLL circuit (78), and operates in accordance with the frequency characteristic of tuning filter (52, 54, 62, 64) to obtain an oscillation signal varied just by a predetermined frequency, thereby making it possible to receive broadband channels of continuous VHF broadcast band and UHF broadcast band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2007
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sanae Asayama, Koji Nakatsuji, Atsuhito Terao, Yoshihide Tabata, Hideji Takami, Masanori Suzuki, Hirochika Kashima
  • Patent number: 7164899
    Abstract: A method for generating phase signals includes triggering a phase register to output a binary number stored in the phase register, wherein the phase register is triggered based at least in part on a voltage signal provided by a voltage controlled oscillator. The method also includes providing an input signal to a decoder, wherein the input signal is based at least in part on the binary number output by the phase register and the decoder is operable to generate phase signals in response to the input signals. The method further includes incrementing the binary number stored in the phase register and repeating the triggering and providing steps after the binary number is incremented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2007
    Assignee: Microtune (Texas), L.P.
    Inventor: Thomas L. Davis
  • Patent number: 7155194
    Abstract: A frequency conversion apparatus for converting an input signal having an input frequency into an output signal having an output frequency. The frequency conversion apparatus includes a first multiplier and a gm stage. The first multiplier multiplies a first local signal having a first frequency with a second local signal having a second frequency to generate a differential current signal having a third frequency. The third frequency is substantially the same as the input frequency or the output frequency, and the first frequency and the second frequency are different from the input frequency or the output frequency. The gm stage is electrically connected to the first multiplier and receives the differential current signal and the input signal to generate the output signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2006
    Assignee: Mediatek Incorporation
    Inventors: Chinq-Shiun Chiu, Kuang-Kai Teng
  • Patent number: 7116963
    Abstract: A disclosed method tunes a signal from a channelized spectrum having a predetermined channel spacing. A signal of interest having a predetermined maximum bandwidth is mixed with a local oscillator signal, which has a frequency that is an integer multiple of the channel spacing or one-half of a channel spacing displaced from an integer multiple of the channel spacing. The local oscillator signal is selected to frequency translate the signal of interest to within a near-baseband passband whose lower edge is spaced from DC by at least about the maximum bandwidth of the signal of interest. Problems associated with 1/f noise, DC offsets, and self-mixing products are avoided or substantially diminished. Other methods and systems are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2006
    Assignee: University of Washington
    Inventor: Edwin A. Suominen
  • Patent number: 7103343
    Abstract: A receiver, in particular for mobile radio, includes a receiver branch with a mixer, downstream of an analog/digital converter. A reference generator generates a reference clock, which is fed to the converters or PLL synthesizers of the mixer by integral multiplication or division. As a result, a particularly energy-saving and space-saving circuit configuration is realized, which has a low level of mutual interference between the signals and is suitable (in particular for Universal Mobile Telecommunication System, UMTS). In a preferred embodiment, the receiver is developed into a transceiver by providing a transmission path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2006
    Assignee: Infineon Technologies AG
    Inventor: Zdravko Boos
  • Patent number: 7088981
    Abstract: A differential mixer includes DC currents that reduce flicker noise in the mixer circuit without increasing local oscillator drive requirements. The differential mixer circuit includes an RF transconductance circuit and a local oscillator (LO) switching circuit. The RF transconductance circuit converts a differential RF input signal to a differential RF current. The LO switching circuit commutates the differential RF input signal according to a local oscillator signal to frequency translate the RF input signal. The DC currents or bleeder currents are added directly to the field effect transistors in the RF transconductance circuit, which reduces the flicker noise produced by the mixer. The DC currents do not pass through the FETs in the LO switching circuit so there is no increase in the LO drive requirements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2006
    Assignee: Broadcom Corporation
    Inventor: James Y. C. Chang
  • Patent number: 7076001
    Abstract: A signal to noise ratio estimator and method for a received signal which includes a communication component and a noise component is disclosed. One embodiment is an in-service, blind, decision-directed estimator for a CPFSK communication signal. A preferred embodiment determines the power of a communication signal component by combining the received signal with a signal that is a delayed complex conjugate of the received signal and then removing the real component of the combined signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2006
    Assignee: Harris Corporation
    Inventors: Edward R. Beadle, John F. Dishman
  • Patent number: RE41583
    Abstract: A transceiver configuration has an integrated circuit (IC) with an A/D and/or D/A converter, a VCO with a reference oscillator, which provides a sampling clock for the A/D and/or D/A converter, and a digital data processing circuit. The IC is connected to a radio-frequency section, the frequency converter stage of which is operated with a beat frequency derived from the controllable oscillator frequency foz. A capacitive resonant element of the reference oscillator is disposed outside of the IC.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2010
    Assignee: Infineon Technologies AG
    Inventors: Markus Doetsch, Peter Jung, Joerg Plechinger, Peter Schmidt