Overbased Or Carbonated Carboxylates Patents (Class 508/460)
  • Patent number: 11078438
    Abstract: An overbased metal detergent grease comprising at least one of polyalkylene glycol and/or an acid having at least one of both a nitrogen and a sulfur atom. The grease has improved extreme pressure performance as measured by the Standard Test Method for Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method), ASTM D2596. Methods of making an overbased metal detergent grease comprising using at least one of polyalkylene glycol and/or an acid having at least one of both a nitrogen and a sulfur atom. Methods of lubricating mechanical components using the grease comprising contacting the mechanical component with the grease. Mechanical components can include gears, drivetrain elements, bearings, hinges, or combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2021
    Assignee: Chemtool Incorporated
    Inventors: Thakorbhai S. Patel, Jeffrey D St. Aubin
  • Patent number: 10907111
    Abstract: This invention relates to the use of a metallic or non-metallic detergent which is a hydrocarbyl-substituted salicylic acid or a derivative thereof in a non-aqueous lubricant composition as an inhibitor of lead corrosion associated with ashless, organic ester, anti-wear additives and/or friction modifiers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2021
    Assignee: Castrol Limited
    Inventors: Aldo Guiducci, Gordon Lamb, Kevin West
  • Patent number: 10738258
    Abstract: A method for improving fuel efficiency and energy efficiency, while maintaining or improving deposit control and cleanliness performance, in an engine lubricated with a lubricating oil by using as the lubricating oil a formulated oil. The formulated oil includes a base oil mixture. The base oil mixture includes a lubricating oil base stock as a major component, and at least one cobase stock, as a minor component. The at least one cobase stock is present in an amount sufficient to reduce kinematic viscosity (Kv100) of the base oil mixture as determined by ASTM D445, while maintaining or controlling cold cranking simulator viscosity (CCSV) of the lubricating oil as determined by ASTM D5293-15, such that the lubricating oil meets both kinematic viscosity (Kv100) and cold cranking simulator viscosity (CCSV) requirements for a SAE engine oil grade as determined by SAE J300 viscosity grade classification system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Raymond G. Burns, III, Smruti A. Dance, Douglas E. Deckman, Mark P. Hagemeister
  • Patent number: 10597600
    Abstract: A composition whereby a hydrocarbon-based base oil is used and in this base oil are incorporated, in terms of the total amount of the composition, 30 to 300 ppm of overbased calcium salicylate and, in net weight in terms of the total amount of the composition, 0.07 to 2.0 mass % of a non-dispersant polymethacrylate having a weight average molecular weight of 5000 to 200,000. The electrical conductivity at 25° C. of this composition is not less than 200 pS/m, the flash point is not less than 240° C., the pour point is ?40° C. or lower and the micro clutch friction coefficient at 140° C. is not less than 0.08. This lubricating oil composition may be used in machines fitted with electronic control apparatus and can impart conductivity so as to inhibit the occurrence of “noise” which is detrimental to electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Mitsuhiro Nagakari, Hiroshi Kaneko, Hiroyuki Tazaki
  • Patent number: 10494584
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a method for reducing low speed pre-ignition events in a spark-ignited direct injection internal combustion engine by supplying to the sump a lubricant composition which contains an oil of lubricating viscosity and a metal overbased detergent. The metal overbased detergent may be selected from sulfonate detergents, phenate detergents, and salicylate detergents, especially sulfonate detergents with a metal ratio of at least 5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Patrick E. Mosier, Jeffry G. Dietz, Alexander Sammut
  • Patent number: 10407558
    Abstract: The present invention relates to light color, shelf-stable liquid compositions of overbased calcium carboxylate soaps and a process for their preparation. The inventive soaps are prepared by neutralizing calcium base in a mixture of two different aliphatic carboxylic acids and carbonating the mixture in the presence of a non-polar hydrocarbon solvent and a polar organic solvent as a promoter under controlled temperature conditions. The overbased calcium carboxylate soaps of the invention contain 20%-90% by weight of C7 to C25 saturated carboxylic acids, which are branched on carbon 2, and between 1% and 20% by weight short chain saturated carboxylic acids. These liquid compositions have light colors and excellent heat stability. They can be used as anticorrosion/antirust additives, and paint dryers and stabilizers, in paints, coatings and lubricants, as well as other applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: Delta Specialties Company
    Inventors: Tarek Moustafa, Eslam Moustafa
  • Patent number: 10364404
    Abstract: A trunk piston marine engine lubricant comprises in respective minor amounts (A) an overbased metal hydrocarbyl-substituted hydroxybenzoate detergent system, and (B) a hydrocarbyl-substituted succinic acid anhydride made by halogen- or radical-assisted functionalization processes, where the ratio of succinic anhydride to hydrocarbyl chains is in the range of 1.4 to 4. The lubricant, when used to lubricate such an engine fuelled by heavy fuel oil, exhibits improved control of asphaltene precipitation and deposition on engine surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: INFINEUM INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
    Inventors: Tushar K. Bera, Rachel Tundel, Laura Gregory, Peter M. Wright
  • Patent number: 10066184
    Abstract: A method for improving wear control in an engine or other mechanical component lubricated with a lubricating oil by using as the lubricating oil a formulated oil. The formulated oil has a composition including a lubricating oil base stock as a major component, and encapsulated boron-containing microscale particles, as a minor component. The minor component preferably contains no metal or sulfur, and preferably no phosphorus. The encapsulated boron-containing microscale particles include an encapsulating material and a boron-containing compound encapsulated by the encapsulating material. The boron-containing compound is a boron oxide, a boric acid, or mixtures thereof. The encapsulating material is a carboxylic acid selected from an aliphatic carboxylic acid, a cycloaliphatic carboxylic acid, an aromatic carboxylic acid, and mixtures thereof. The lubricating oils are useful in internal combustion engines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2018
    Assignee: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Michael White, Xinhua Li, Joseph McLellan, Olivier Schueller, Patrick Reust, Alan M. Schilowitz, David J. Baillargeon
  • Patent number: 9879202
    Abstract: A trunk piston marine engine lubricant comprises in respective minor amounts (A) an overbased metal hydrocarbyl-substituted hydroxybenzoate detergent system, and (B) a hydrocarbyl-substituted succinic acid anhydride, preferably made by halogen- or radical-assisted fractionalization processes, where the ratio of succinic anhydride to hydrocarbyl chains is in the range of 1.4 to 4. The lubricant, when used to lubricate such an engine fuelled by heavy fuel oil, exhibits improved control of asphaltene precipitation and deposition on engine surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: INFINEUM INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
    Inventors: Tushar K. Bera, Laura Gregory, Rachel Tundel, Peter M. Wright
  • Patent number: 9845280
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of producing an estolide having high structural stability, including: a) preparing a fatty acid mixture from biomass-derived oil; b) separating the fatty acid mixture into a C16 fatty acid and a C18 fatty acid; c) converting the C18 fatty acid into a C18 or C17 linear internal olefin; and d) subjecting the C18 or C17 linear internal olefin and the C16 fatty acid to an estolide reaction, thus obtaining an estolide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2017
    Assignees: SK INNOVATION CO., LTD., SK LUBRICANTS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hee Jung Jeon, Jong su Lee, Yong Woo Kim
  • Patent number: 9828487
    Abstract: The present invention relates to light color, shelf-stable liquid compositions of overbased calcium carboxylate soaps and a process for their preparation. The inventive soaps are prepared by neutralizing calcium base in a mixture of two different aliphatic carboxylic acids and carbonating the mixture in the presence of a non-polar hydrocarbon solvent and a polar organic solvent as a promoter under controlled temperature conditions. The overbased calcium carboxylate soaps of the invention contain 20%-90% by weight of C7 to C25 saturated carboxylic acids, which are branched on carbon 2, and between 1% and 20% by weight short chain saturated carboxylic acids. These liquid compositions have light colors and excellent heat stability. They can be used as anticorrosion/antirust additives, and paint dryers and stabilizers, in paints, coatings and lubricants, as well as other applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: DELTA SPECIALTIES
    Inventors: Tarek Moustafa, Eslam Moustafa
  • Patent number: 9809779
    Abstract: The invention provides a lubricating composition comprising an oil of lubricating viscosity, 0.1 wt % to 10 wt % of an overbased detergent, and 0.01 wt % to 5 wt % of a non-hydroxy terminated acylated polyalkylene oxide. The invention further relates to a method of lubricating a mechanical device (such as an internal combustion engine) with the lubricating composition. The invention further relates to the use of the non-hydroxy terminated acylated polyalkylene oxide to provide at least one of (i) improved sludge handling, (ii) reduced lead or copper corrosion, (iii) increased oxidation resistance, (iv) improved acid control, (v) reduced wear (such as cam wear or lifter wear), (vi) retention of total base number of the lubricant, and/or (vii) improved seal compatibility in an internal combustion engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventor: Ewan E. Delbridge
  • Patent number: 9745500
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for producing a drilling fluid, comprising: a) preparing mixed fatty acids from a biomass-derived oil, b) subjecting the mixed fatty acids of step a) to an estolide reaction with a light acid to give an estolide, and c) esterifying the estolide of step b) with an alcohol to obtain the drilling fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignees: SK Innovation Co., Ltd., SK Lubricants Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hee Jung Jeon, Jong Su Lee, Yong Woo Kim
  • Patent number: 9637702
    Abstract: A lubricant composition for 4-stroke or 2-stroke marine engine includes at least one lubricant base oil for marine engine, at least one olefin copolymer, at least one hydrogenated styrene-isoprene copolymer, at least one glycerol ester and at least one detergent, whose use promotes fuel economy and has good properties regarding engine cleanliness, in particular crankcase cleanliness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Assignee: Total Marketing Services
    Inventor: Denis Lancon
  • Patent number: 9637703
    Abstract: The lubricating oil composition of the invention comprises a lubricating base oil with a 100° C. kinematic viscosity of 1-20 mm2/s, (A) a friction modifier, (B) a first overbased metal salt obtained by overbasing an oil-soluble metal salt with an alkaline earth metal borate, and (C) an overbased second oil-soluble metal salt obtained by overbasing an oil-soluble metal salt with an alkaline earth metal carbonate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Assignee: JX NIPPON OIL & ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shigeki Matsui, Akira Yaguchi, Akio Mutou, Mari Nagae
  • Patent number: 9550958
    Abstract: A sulphurised calcium phenate detergent is made by (i) reacting hydrogenated distlled CNSL with a calcium salt and sulphur in the presence of a promoter and process solvent; (ii) reacting the product of (i) with additional calcium salt and promoter, and with a co-surfactant, and then carbonating; and optionally (iii) further carbonating the reaction mixture to obtain overbased sulphurised calcium phenate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2017
    Assignee: INFINEUM INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
    Inventors: Adam P. Marsh, Dirk Schwaebisch, Oliver J. Delamore
  • Patent number: 9534185
    Abstract: Trunk piston marine engine lubrication, when the engine is fueled by heavy fuel oil, is effected by a composition of TBN in the range of 20 to 60 comprising a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity containing 50 mass % or more of a Group 1 basestock, and respective minor amounts of a calcium alkyl salicylate detergent system providing 40 to 90 mmol of calcium alkyl salicylate per kg of the composition, and 1 to 7 mass %, based on the mass of the composition, of an oil-soluble polyalkenyl-substituted carboxylic acid anhydride, wherein the or at least one polyalkenyl group is derived from a polyalkene having a number average molecular weight of from 200 to 3,000. Asphaltene precipitation in the lubricant, caused by the presence of contaminant heavy fuel oil, is prevented or inhibited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Assignee: INFINEUM INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
    Inventors: James C. Dodd, Louise Renouf
  • Patent number: 9506007
    Abstract: This invention describes low sulfur marine distillate fuel trunk piston diesel engine lubricating oil compositions, as well as methods for operating trunk piston engines by fueling the engines with a low sulfur marine distillate fuel trunk piston diesel engine lubricating oil composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: Chevron Oronite Technology B.V.
    Inventor: Wilhelmus Petrus Antonie Van Houten
  • Patent number: 9487725
    Abstract: Provided herein are compositions comprising at least one estolide compound of formula: in which n is an integer equal to or greater than 0; m is an integer equal to or greater than 1; R1, independently for each occurrence, is selected from optionally substituted alkyl that is saturated or unsaturated, and branched or unbranched; R2 is selected from hydrogen and optionally substituted alkyl that is saturated or unsaturated, and branched or unbranched; and R3 and R4, independently for each occurrence, are selected from optionally substituted alkyl that is saturated or unsaturated, and branched or unbranched. Also provided are uses of the compositions described herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Assignee: Biosynthetic Technologies, LLC.
    Inventors: Jakob Bredsguard, Travis Thompson, Jeremy Forest
  • Patent number: 9376645
    Abstract: The present invention provides a lubricating oil composition for internal combustion engines which can reduce sufficiently the friction under mixed lubricating conditions and is excellent in fuel saving properties. The lubricating oil composition comprises (A) a base oil having a 100° C. kinematic viscosity of 2 to 8 mm2/s and an aromatic content of 10 percent by mass or less, (B) a metallic detergent having a metal ratio of 1.01 to 3.3 overbased with an alkaline earth metal borate, and (C) an organic molybdenum compound with a molybdenum concentration of 0.01 to 0.2 percent by mass on the basis of the total mass of the composition, and having a 100° C. HTHS viscosity of 5.5 mPa·s or lower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Akira Yaguchi, Kazuhiro Yagishita, Koji Hoshino, Shigeki Matsui
  • Patent number: 9206373
    Abstract: A sulfur-free metal or ammonium salt compound, a method of making the compound, and a lubricant additive concentrate, and lubricant composition containing the compound. The compound is made by reacting a phenolic compound reacted with an aldehyde and an amine, with a compound selected from the group consisting of an acylating agent and an electrophilic compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Assignee: Afton Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Michael J. McLaughlin, Naresh Mathur
  • Patent number: 9200213
    Abstract: Total acid number and/or corrosiveness of a crude or refined hydrocarbon, where the total acid number and/or corrosiveness is due to the presence of acid compounds such as carboxylic acid (naphthenic acid), may be reduced by treating the hydrocarbon with a metallic overbase. The effect of this treatment may be substantially enhanced by the presence of a hydrogen transfer agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Ksenija Babic-Samardzija, Joseph L. Stark, Michael J. Zetlmeisl, Bradley G. Harrell, Lawrence N. Kremer
  • Patent number: 9175236
    Abstract: This invention describes novel trunk piston engine lubricating oil compositions for use in trunk piston engines operating on low sulfur marine residual fuels, as well as methods for lubricating trunk piston engines, methods of using the trunk piston lubricating oil compositions, and methods of making thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignee: CHEVRON ORONITE TECHNOLOGY B.V.
    Inventor: Wilhelmus P. A. Van Houten
  • Patent number: 9102895
    Abstract: A lubricant oil detergent and a producing process thereof are disclosed. A process for producing a lubricant oil additive having a TBN from about 100 to about 400 includes reacting, at an elevated temperature, of composition (A) an alkyl salicylic acid or an alkyl salicylate ester, composition (B) an alkaline earth metal hydroxide added by one time or plural times during the reaction; composition (C) which contains at least one compound which is (i) an alcohol, or (ii) an carboxylic acid or an carboxylic anhydride; composition (D) base oil; and composition (E) carbon dioxide introduced after the composition (B) by one time, or introduced each time when the composition (B) is added if the composition (B) is added by plural times; solvent having a low boiling point is removed from the reacted mixture after the overbasing under vacuum, and the reacted mixture is filtered to obtain a clear liquid product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignee: Wuxi South Petroleum Additive Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jinqing Liao, Zhengming Shi
  • Patent number: 9023775
    Abstract: A lubricating oil composition comprising a Group II basestock and a neutral or overbased metal hydrocarbyl-substituted hydroxybenzoate detergent having a basicity index of less than 2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Infineum International Limited
    Inventors: Richard D. Bertram, Peter J. Dowding, Peter D. Watts
  • Patent number: 8993499
    Abstract: A carboxylate detergent prepared by the process comprising (a) alkylating a hydroxyaromatic compound with at least one normal alpha olefin having from about 12 to about 30 carbon atoms per molecule that has been isomerized to obtain an isomerized alpha olefin having 15-98 wt % branching and a residual alpha olefin content of between from about 0.1 to about 30 wt %, thereby producing an alkylated hydroxyaromatic compound; (b) neutralizing the resulting alkylated hydroxyaromatic compound with an alkali metal base; (c) carbonating the alkali metal salt from step (b) with carbon dioxide; (d) acidifying the salt produced in step (c); and (e) overbasing the resulting alkylated hydroxyaromatic carboxylic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignees: Chevron Oronite Company LLC, Chevron Oronite S.A.
    Inventors: Curt B. Campbell, Gilles P. Sinquin, Eugene E. Spala, Gilbert R. Chapon
  • Publication number: 20150051129
    Abstract: Transmission fluid compositions are provided having improved power transmission properties through the presence therein of certain defined additives, which increase the energy efficiency of the transmission during operation. The invention further provides a process for the manufacture of such transmission fluid compositions, a method of improving the energy efficiency of a transmission, and an additive concentrate for a transmission fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 15, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Applicant: INFINEUM INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
    Inventors: Hahn Soo Kim, Joseph R. Noles, Jr., Raymond F. Watts
  • Patent number: 8951944
    Abstract: A lubricant additive comprising an overbased metal hydrocarbyl-substituted hydroxybenzoate detergent dispersed in a diluent comprising 10 mass % or more of a basestock containing greater than or equal to 90% saturates and less than or equal to 0.03% sulphur is blended, in a minor amount, with an oil of lubricating viscosity, in a major amount, to give a trunk piston marine engine lubricating oil composition for a medium-speed four-stroke compression-ignited marine engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Infineum International Limited
    Inventor: James C. Dodd
  • Publication number: 20150018258
    Abstract: A detergent system that includes (i) an overbased C20-28 alkyl-substituted hydroxybenzoate Ca salt of TBN less than 250 and (ii) an overbased C14-18 alkyl-substituted hydroxybenzoate Ca salt of TBN less than 250, the wt % Ca ratio of (ii) to (i) being more than one, is used in a trunk piston marine lubricant to improve its asphaltene dispersancy when lubricating a medium-speed compression-ignited marine engine fuelled by a heavy fuel oil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: Infineum International Limited
    Inventors: Laura Gregory, Ben Luke Short
  • Patent number: 8933002
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a neutral or overbased salt of a sulfurized alkylhydroxyaromatic compound obtained by the process comprising the steps of (a) sulfurizing an alkylhydroxyaromatic compound derived from alkylation of a hydroxyaromatic compound with one or more olefins comprising C9 to C18 oligomers of monomers selected from propylene, butylene or mixtures thereof to provide a sulfurized alkylhydroxyaromatic reaction product; (b) removing any unsulfurized alkylhydroxyaromatic compound from the sulfurized alkylhydroxyaromatic reaction product of step (a) to obtain a sulfurized alkylhydroxyaromatic compound substantially free of the unsulfurized alkylhydroxyaromatic compound; and (c) neutralizing the sulfurized alkylhydroxyaromatic compound of step (b) to provide a salt of the sulfurized alkylhydroxyaromatic compound, wherein the overbased salt of the sulfurized alkylhydroxyaromatic compound contains less than about 2% by combined mass of the unsulfurized alkylhydroxyaromatic compound and its unsulfurized metal
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignees: Chevron Oronite Company LLC, Chevron Oronite SAS
    Inventors: Gilles Sinquin, Curt Campbell, Hélène Lecroq, Eugene E. Spala
  • Patent number: 8921287
    Abstract: The present invention provides a lubricating oil composition with excellent torque capacity and shifting characteristics suitable for use as automatic or continuously variable transmission fluids, which composition comprises a base oil and, on the basis of the total mass of the composition, (A) a sulfonate detergent in an amount of 0.01 to 0.3 percent by mass in terms of metal (MeA); (B) a salicylate detergent in an amount of 0 or more than 0 and 0.1 percent by mass or less, in terms of metal (MeB); and (C) a boron-containing succinimide type ashless dispersant in an amount of 0.001 to 0.1 percent by mass in terms of boron (BoC); (MeB)/(MeA) being 0, or greater than 0 and 1.5 or less, and (MeA)/(BoC) being from 0.001 to 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Oil Corporation
    Inventors: Hitoshi Komatsubara, Masato Takahashi, Shigeki Matsui
  • Publication number: 20140371120
    Abstract: A sulphurised calcium phenate detergent is made by (i) reacting hydrogenated distlled CNSL with a calcium salt and sulphur in the presence of a promoter and process solvent; (ii) reacting the product of (i) with additional calcium salt and promoter, and with a co-surfactant, and then carbonating; and optionally (iii) further carbonating the reaction mixture to obtain overbased sulphurised calcium phenate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 13, 2013
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Adam P. Marsh, Dirk Schwaebisch, Oliver J. Delamore
  • Publication number: 20140249059
    Abstract: A composition of an oil-soluble ionic detergent that does not contribute metal ions to the composition, and which comprises a quaternary non-metallic pnictogen cation and an organic anion having at least one hydrocarbyl group of sufficient length to impart oil solubility to the detergent, the detergent having a total base number (TBN) to total acid number (TAN) ratio of at least 2:1 imparts ash-free basicity to a lubricant composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2014
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Inventors: Ewan E. Delbridge, Virginia A. Carrick, John K. Pudelski, Matthew D. Giesleman, Christopher L. Friend, Patrick E. Mosier, Michele M. Rogers, Mark T. Tierney
  • Patent number: 8778856
    Abstract: A carboxylate detergent prepared by the process comprising (a) alkylating a hydroxyaromatic compound with at least one alpha olefin oligomer, derived from C8 to C20 alpha olefins, to thereby produce an alkylhydroxyaromatic compound, and wherein at least 90% of the molecules in the alkylhydroxyaromatic compound have the alkyl group attached at the 4-position or higher from the terminus of the longest chain of the alkyl group, and further wherein the alkyl group comprises at least one hydrocarbon tail of at least 7 carbons; (b) neutralizing the resulting alkylated hydroxyaromatic compound with an alkali metal base; (c) carbonating the alkali metal salt from step (b) with carbon dioxide; (d) acidifying the salt produced in step (c); and (e) overbasing the resulting alkylated hydroxyaromatic carboxylic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignees: Chevron Oronite Company LLC, Chevron Oronita S.A.
    Inventors: Curtis Bay Campbell, Gilles P. Sinquin, Jean-Louis Le Coent, Jan Anthony Burval
  • Publication number: 20140182537
    Abstract: A lubricant additive comprising an overbased metal hydrocarbyl-substituted hydroxybenzoate detergent dispersed in a diluent comprising 10 mass % or more of a basestock containing greater than or equal to 90% saturates and less than or equal to 0.03% sulphur is blended, in a minor amount, with an oil of lubricating viscosity, in a major amount, to give a trunk piston marine engine lubricating oil composition for a medium-speed four-stroke compression-ignited marine engine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2013
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Inventor: James C. Dodd
  • Patent number: 8765649
    Abstract: The present invention provides a lubricating oil composition, comprising: a lubricant base oil having a sulfur content adjusted to 0.1% or less by mass; and (A) one or more alkali metal or alkaline earth metal salicylates in which the ratio of a salicylate constituent having, in the 3- and 5-positions, hydrocarbon groups having 1 to 40 carbon atoms is adjusted to 10% or more by mol and/or (B) one or more alkali metal or alkaline earth metal salicylates in which the ratio of one or more monoalkylsalicylate constituents is adjusted to 85% or more by mol and the ratio of a monoalkylsalicylate constituent having, in the 3-position, a secondary alkyl group having 10 or more and less than 20 carbon atoms is adjusted to 50% or more by mol, the (A) and/or (B) being incorporated into the base oil in an amount of 0.005 to 5% by mass of the total of the composition, and the amount being an amount in terms of the metal element therein. In this way, the oxidation life under the contamination of water content is improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Oil Corporation
    Inventor: Kazuhiro Yagashita
  • Patent number: 8748362
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method for improving the fuel efficiency of large engine oil compositions by reducing the traction coefficient of the oil by formulating the oil using at least two base stocks of different kinematic viscosity wherein the differences in kinematic viscosity between the base stocks is at least 32 mm2/s, and, preferably, additizing the composition with a salicylate detergent, a mixture of salicylate-phenate detergents or a mixture of sulfonate and phenate detergents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobile Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Kathleen H. Tellier, Vincent M. Carey
  • Publication number: 20140137827
    Abstract: Trunk piston marine engine lubrication, when the engine is fueled by heavy fuel oil, is effected by a composition of TBN in the range of 20 to 60 comprising a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity containing 50 mass % or more of a Group 1 basestock, and respective minor amounts of an overbased metal calcium alkyl salicylate detergent providing 40 to 90 mmol of calcium alkyl salicylate per kg of the composition, and 0.1 to 10 mass %, based on the mass of the composition, of an oil-soluble linear alkyl-substituted phenol. Asphaltene precipitation in the lubricant, caused by the presence of contaminant heavy fuel oil, is prevented or inhibited.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Inventors: Terence Garner, Robert J. Glass
  • Patent number: 8728996
    Abstract: The invention provides a lubricating composition containing an oil of lubricating viscosity and a compound obtained/obtainable by a process comprising reacting a glycolic acid, a 2-halo-acetic acid, or a lactic acid, or an alkali or alkaline metal salts thereof, (typically glycolic acid or a 2-halo-acetic acid) with at least one member selected from the group consisting of an amine, an alcohol, and an aminoalcohol. The invention further relates to the use of the lubricating composition in an internal combustion engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: William R. S. Barton, Seth L. Crawley, Patrick E. Mosier, Matthew D. Gieselman, Daniel J. Saccomando
  • Patent number: 8728999
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method for improving the fuel efficiency of large low and medium speed engine oil compositions by reducing the traction coefficient of the oil by formulating the oil using a blend consisting of one or more Group I base oils having a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of from 2 to less than 12 mm2/s in combination with a Group IV base oil having a kinematic viscosity of at least 38, the difference in kinematic viscosity between the Group I and Group IV oils in the blend being at least 30 mm2/s in combination with a detergent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Vincent M. Carey, Kevin L. Crouthamel
  • Patent number: 8722599
    Abstract: The invention provides a lubricating composition containing an oil of lubricating viscosity and a compound obtained/obtainable by a process comprising reacting a glycolic acid, a 2-halo-acetic acid, or a lactic acid, or an alkali or alkaline metal salts thereof, (typically glycolic acid or a 2-halo-acetic acid) with at least one member selected from the group consisting of an amine, an alcohol, and an aminoalcohol. The invention further relates to the use of the lubricating composition in an internal combustion engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: William R. S. Barton, Seth L. Crawley, Patrick E. Mosier, Matthew D. Gieselman, Daniel J. Saccomando
  • Publication number: 20140128301
    Abstract: Two-stroke cross-head marine compression-ignited engine system lubrication is effected by a composition comprising a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity containing at least 50 mass % of a basestock containing greater than or equal to 90% saturates and less than or equal to 0.03% sulphur or a mixture thereof, and respective minor amounts of an oil-soluble overbased metal alkyl salicylate detergent and an oil-soluble polyalkenyl-substituted carboxylic acid anhydride or an oil-soluble alkylated phenol. The presence of the anhydride or the phenol improves asphaltene dispersency in the lubricant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2013
    Publication date: May 8, 2014
    Applicant: Infineum International Limited
    Inventors: Robert J. Glass, Helen Bishop, Agata Checinska
  • Patent number: 8709988
    Abstract: Lubricating oil compositions having a sulfated ash content of no more than 1.0 mass %, which contain a major amount of oil of lubricating viscosity, a minor amount of calcium salicylate detergent, an amount of a magnesium-based detergent providing at least 200 ppm of magnesium, and a basic, low molecular weight, nitrogen-containing dispersant, which compositions provide improved top ring wear protection in internal combustion engines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Infineum International Limited
    Inventors: Stephen Arrowsmith, Matthew D. Irving
  • Patent number: 8709987
    Abstract: Provided is a lubricating oil composition comprising: (a) a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity; and (b) one or more borated alkaline earth metal alkyltoluene sulfonate detergents; wherein the lubricating oil composition comprises no more than about 0.20 wt. % of phosphorus and no more than about 0.50 wt. % of sulfur.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignees: Chevron Oronite S.A., Chevron Oronite Company LLC
    Inventors: Perla Duchesne, John McDonald, Sinquin Gilles, Pierre Tequi
  • Publication number: 20140113846
    Abstract: A lubricant oil detergent and a producing process thereof are disclosed. A process for producing a lubricant oil additive having a TBN from about 100 to about 400 includes reacting, at an elevated temperature, of composition (A) an alkyl salicylic acid or an alkyl salicylate ester, composition (B) an alkaline earth metal hydroxide added by one time or plural times during the reaction; composition (C) which contains at least one compound which is (i) an alcohol, or (ii) an carboxylic acid or an carboxylic anhydride; composition (D) base oil; and composition (E) carbon dioxide introduced after the composition (B) by one time, or introduced each time when the composition (B) is added if the composition (B) is added by plural times; solvent having a low boiling point is removed from the reacted mixture after the overbasing under vacuum, and the reacted mixture is filtered to obtain a clear liquid product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2011
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Inventors: Jinqing Miao, Zhengming Shi
  • Patent number: 8703676
    Abstract: Trunk piston marine engine lubrication, when the engine is fueled by heavy fuel oil, is effected by a composition comprising a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity containing at least 50 mass % of a Group II basestock, and respective minor amounts of an overbased metal hydrocarbyl-substituted hydroxybenzoate detergent other than such a detergent having a basicity index of less than two and a degree of carbonation of 80% or greater and 5 to 500 mass %, based on the mass of the detergent, of an oil-soluble alkyl-substituted phenol other than a hindered phenol. Asphaltene precipitation in the lubricant, caused by the presence of contaminant heavy fuel oil, is prevented or inhibited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Infineum International Limited
    Inventors: Richard D. Bertram, Peter J. Dowding, Joseph P. Hartley, Peter D. Watts
  • Patent number: 8703673
    Abstract: A method of improving the compatibility of an overbased detergent with other additives in a lubricating oil composition. The method includes the step of the using a detergent have a degree of carbonation of greater than 85%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Infineum International Limited
    Inventor: Philip Skinner
  • Patent number: 8680030
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a lubricating oil for use in engines subjected to sustained severe load conditions, said lubricating oil comprising a base oil, and an additive package comprising one or more neutral/low TBN or a mixture of neutral/low TBN, and overbased/high TBN alkali or alkaline earth metal alkyl sulfonates, alkyl phenates, alkyl salicylates, an antioxidant selected from the group consisting of glycerine derivatives comprising glycerine grafted with a hindered phenol, hindered phenolic containing a thioether group, and mixtures thereof, optionally an additional conventional antioxidant and/or an organomolybdenum compound, and other additives, and to a method for enhancing the deposit formation resistance of a lubricating oil used in engines operated under sustained severe load comprising the addition to the lubricant of the aforesaid additive package.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventor: Stanley James Cartwright
  • Publication number: 20140057818
    Abstract: The invention provides a lubricating composition containing an antiwear agent and an oil of lubricating viscosity. The invention further relates to the use of the lubricating composition in an internal combustion engine, or a driveline device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2011
    Publication date: February 27, 2014
    Applicant: THE LUBRIZOL CORPORATION
    Inventors: William R. S. Barton, Mark C. Davies, Christopher L. Friend, Ewan E. Delbridge, Patrick E. Mosier, Michael R. Sutton, Matthew D. Gieselman
  • Publication number: 20140051619
    Abstract: A sulfur-free metal or ammonium salt compound, a method of making the compound, and a lubricant additive concentrate, and lubricant composition containing the compound. The compound is made by reacting a phenolic compound reacted with an aldehyde and an amine, with a compound selected from the group consisting of an acylating agent and an electrophilic compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2013
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Inventors: Michael J. MCLAUGHLIN, Naresh MATHUR