Water Utilized In The Preliminary Reaction Patents (Class 518/704)
  • Patent number: 10259708
    Abstract: There is proposed a method for starting up a pre-reforming stage in an integrated reforming plant in which a hydrocarbonaceous feed stream, in particular natural gas, is converted into a reformation product containing carbon oxides, hydrogen and hydrocarbons. Before carrying out the start-up method, the catalyst contained in the pre-reforming stage is in an oxidized or passivated state. For its activation, the pre-reforming catalyst is charged with a methanol/steam mixture, from which by steam reformation of methanol in situ the hydrogen required for the activation of the catalyst is produced. Excess hydrogen is used for the hydrogen supply of the desulfurization stage arranged upstream of the pre-reforming stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Veronika Gronemann, Jorg Ott, Theis Ohlhaver, Paul Krimlowski
  • Patent number: 10144877
    Abstract: A method of processing stranded remote gas comprising (a) introducing stranded remote gas and steam to a reforming unit to produce synthesis gas (syngas), wherein the stranded remote gas comprises methane, carbon dioxide, and sulfur-containing compounds, and wherein the syngas is characterized by a molar ratio of hydrogen to carbon monoxide of from about 1.7:1 to about 2.5:1; (b) introducing at least a portion of the syngas to a Fischer-Tropsch (FT) unit to produce an FT syncrude product, FT water, and FT tail gas, wherein the FT syncrude product comprises FT hydrocarbon liquids, wherein the FT syncrude product comprises FT wax in an amount of less than about 5 wt. %, and wherein the FT unit is characterized by an FT reaction temperature of from about 300° C. to about 350° C.; and (c) blending the FT syncrude product with crude oil for storage and/or transport.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: Fluor Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Ravi Ravikumar, Paul Koppel, Sanjiv Dabee
  • Patent number: 10093541
    Abstract: Process for the production of synthesis gas by catalytic steam reforming of a hydrocarbon containing feedstock in parallel in an autothermal steam reformer and heat exchange reformer, the heat for the steam reforming reactions in the heat exchange reformer being provided by indirect heat exchange with the combined effluent of the heat exchange reformer and a portion of the autothermal steam reformer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Haldor Topsoe A/S
    Inventors: Kim Aasberg-Petersen, Ib Dybkjær
  • Patent number: 10040737
    Abstract: Carbon dioxide is reacted with methane in a free radical reaction to produce methanol and carbon monoxide. A system for producing carbon dioxide as a feed ingredient for the process through electric power generator is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Inventor: John E. Stauffer
  • Patent number: 9932230
    Abstract: A method for conversion of greenhouse gases comprises: introducing a flow of a dehumidified gaseous source of carbon dioxide into a reaction vessel; introducing a flow of a dehumidified gaseous source of methane into the reaction vessel; and irradiating catalytic material in the reaction vessel with microwave energy. The irradiated catalytic material is heated and catalyzes an endothermic reaction of carbon dioxide and methane that produces hydrogen and carbon monoxide. At least a portion of heat required to maintain a temperature within the reaction vessel is supplied by the microwave energy. A mixture that includes carbon monoxide and hydrogen can undergo catalyzed reactions producing multiple-carbon reaction products in a lower-temperature portion of the reaction vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignee: ECOKAP Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Paul E. King, Ben Zion Livneh
  • Patent number: 9902907
    Abstract: A gasification system for producing synthetic gas from biomass, including: a biomass material pre-processing part; a pyrolysis part; a condensing part; and a gasification part. The pyrolysis part includes a pyrolysis bed and a combustion bed. The condensate tank of the condensing part is connected to a non-condensable pyrolysis gas compressor via a pipeline; an output of the non-condensable pyrolysis gas compressor is connected to the pyrolysis bed and the combustion bed. The non-condensable pyrolysis gas acts as a fuel of the combustion bed and a fluidizing medium of the pyrolysis bed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignee: WUHAN KAIDI ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Kan Song, Manyi Jiang, Qin Sun, Shirong Zhang, Haiqing Zhang, Jinqiao Zhang
  • Patent number: 9873642
    Abstract: A system or method for producing gasoline from natural gas via methanol can effectively use the heat of reaction generated during the synthesis of gasoline and is capable of readily cooling the gasoline synthesis column in the production of gasoline from natural gas via methanol. A steam reformer 10 steam-reforms natural gas to generate reformed gas, methanol is synthesized by a methanol synthesis column 20 from the reformed gas, and in synthesizing gasoline from methanol by using a gasoline synthesis column 30, combustion air 41 to be supplied to the steam reformer 10 is preheated with the heat of reaction generated in the gasoline synthesis column 30, and then the preheated combustion air 41 is supplied to the steam reformer 10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2018
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Masaki Iijima
  • Patent number: 9828246
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the production of liquid hydrocarbons by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in which the reforming section of the plant comprises a process line comprising autothermal reforming (ATR) (5) or catalytic partial oxidation (CPO), and a separate process line comprising steam methane reforming (SMR) (8).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: Haldor Topsoe A/S
    Inventors: Ib Dybkjær, Kim Aasberg-Petersen
  • Patent number: 9505999
    Abstract: A method to reduce formation of waste water in coal gasification and syngas pretreatment process by increasing the salinity of the waste water thereby reducing the overall volume of waste water formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Inventor: Wanwang Peng
  • Patent number: 9481624
    Abstract: A process for the production of dimethyl ether from a methanol reactor effluent is disclosed. The process may include: contacting an aqueous extractant comprising water and an effluent from a methanol synthesis reactor comprising methanol and one or more of methane, water, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, and nitrogen. At least a portion of the methanol partitions into the aqueous extractant; recovering an extract fraction comprising the aqueous extractant and methanol. The extract fraction is fed to a catalytic distillation reactor system for concurrently: contacting the methanol with catalyst in a reaction zone thereby catalytically reacting at least a portion of the methanol to form dimethyl ether and water; and fractionating the resulting dimethyl ether and the water to recover a first overheads fraction comprising dimethyl ether and a first bottoms fraction comprising water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2016
    Assignee: Catalytic Distillation Technologies
    Inventor: Mitchell E. Loescher
  • Patent number: 9382115
    Abstract: Gas-to-liquids processes for treating natural gas, including the steps of subjecting the natural gas to expansion through a flow restrictor so as to undergo cooling through the Joule Thomson effect. The processes then separate the resulting liquids from the remaining natural gas and processing the natural gas to form a synthesis gas. The synthesis gas is subjected to Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and the output from the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis is separated into a hydrocarbon product and an aqueous phase and the aqueous phase is steam stripped to extract the oxygenates which are then injected into the natural gas stream upstream of the flow restrictor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Assignee: CompactGTL Limited
    Inventors: Michael Joseph Bowe, Robert Peat, David James West, Philip Hawker
  • Patent number: 9328035
    Abstract: In one embodiment, liquid hydrocarbon fuels are produced in a single reactor using a hybrid catalyst system including a reforming catalyst, a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) catalyst, and a porous material that spatially separates the reforming catalyst from the FTS catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: University of South Florida
    Inventors: John N. Kuhn, Babu Joseph
  • Patent number: 9296671
    Abstract: A method and system for producing methanol that employs an integrated oxygen transport membrane based reforming system is disclosed. The integrated oxygen transport membrane based reforming system carries out a primary reforming process, a secondary reforming process, and synthesis gas conditioning to produce synthesis gas having a desired module of between about 2.0 and 2.2 for a methanol production process thereby optimizing the efficiency and productivity of the methanol plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Assignee: PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Ines C. Stuckert, Shrikar Chakravarti, Raymond Francis Drnevich
  • Patent number: 9266805
    Abstract: A system or method for producing gasoline or dimethyl ether from natural gas via methanol includes: steam-reforming natural gas to generate reformed gas; synthesizing methanol from the reformed gas; synthesizing gasoline or dimethyl ether from the methanol; and at least one is selected from the group consisting of: pre-reforming natural gas prior to the steam-reforming; recovering carbon dioxide from flue gas generated in the steam-reforming; and preheating combustion air to be supplied to the steam-reforming by using synthesis heat generated in the synthesis of gasoline or dimethyl ether. In addition, an overall energy balance of the system is constructed by using heat recovery from flue gas generated in the steam-reforming, heat recovery from the reformed gas, synthesis heat generated in the synthesis of methanol, synthesis heat generated in the synthesis of gasoline or DME, and heat recovered in the pre-reforming, carbon dioxide recovering, or air preheating, respectively if selected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Masaki Iijima
  • Patent number: 9206357
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention provide for production and recovery of volatile organic compounds and higher hydrocarbons from biomass material. One embodiment comprises contacting a solid component of a biomass material with a digestive solvent to form a digested biomass stream, and at least a portion of the digested biomass is further thermocatalytically treated to generate higher hydrocarbons. The solid component is generated by a method comprising introducing a biomass material to a compartment of a solventless recovery system, wherein the biomass material contains one or more volatile organic compounds; contacting the biomass material with a superheated vapor stream in the compartment to vaporize at least a portion of an initial liquid content in the biomass material; separating a vapor component and a solid component from the heated biomass material; retaining at least a portion of the gas component for use as part of the superheated vapor stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Phillip Guy Hamilon, Corey William Radtke, Keith Michael Kreitman
  • Patent number: 9169778
    Abstract: A hydrogen rich fuel gas for a gas turbine ballasted with nitrogen and steam can be produced and superheated to a temperature above its dew point. The fuel gas may have a minimal or reduced content of CO2 or fuel components CO and CH4 which contain carbon so that when combusted in a suitable gas turbine there may be minimal or reduced emissions of CO2 to the atmosphere. These example methods may result in a capture of the bulk of the carbon present in the total natural gas feed as CO2 compressed to pipeline delivery pressure for sequestration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2015
    Assignee: GTLpetrol LLC
    Inventor: Rodney J. Allam
  • Patent number: 9156690
    Abstract: Partial oxidation/steam reformers (222) which use heat integrated steam cycles and steam to carbon ratios of at least about 4:1 to enable efficient operation at high pressures suitable for hydrogen purification unit operation such as membrane separation (234) and pressure swing adsorption.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventors: Kishore J. Doshi, Bradley P. Russell, Brandon S. Carpenter
  • Patent number: 9132401
    Abstract: Systems and methods for producing synthetic gas are provided. The method can include gasifying a carbonaceous feedstock in the presence of an oxidant within a gasifier to provide a raw syngas. The raw syngas can be cooled within a cooler to provide a cooled syngas. The cooled syngas can be processed within a purification system to provide a treated syngas. The purification system can include a saturator adapted to increase a moisture content of the cooled syngas. The treated syngas and a first heat transfer medium can be introduced to a methanator to provide a synthetic gas, a second heat transfer medium, and a methanation condensate. At least a portion of the methanation condensate can be recycled from the methanator to the saturator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: KELLOG BROWN & ROOT LLC
    Inventors: Siva Ariyapadi, Phillip Shires
  • Patent number: 9127219
    Abstract: The present embodiments provide additive systems for biomass gasification reactors. For example, in one embodiment, a biomass gasification system includes a feedstock preparation system configured to generate a biomass feedstock having a biomass fuel and a tar cracking additive. The system also includes a gasifier configured to receive the biomass feedstock and gasify the biomass fuel in the presence of the tar cracking additive to generate first and second mixtures. The first mixture has producer gas and the second mixture has the tar cracking additive and ash. The biomass gasification system further includes an additive recycle system configured to receive the second mixture and to separate at least a portion of the tar cracking additive from the ash to generate a recycled additive feed for the feedstock preparation system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Omprakash Mall, Richard Anthony De Puy, Amol Ramesh Mahulkar, Srinivasarao Jallepalli
  • Patent number: 9040012
    Abstract: System and method for sustainable economic development which includes hydrogen extracted from substances, for example, sea water, industrial waste water, agricultural waste water, sewage, and landfill waste water. The hydrogen extraction is accomplished by thermal dissociation, electrical dissociation, optical dissociation, and magnetic dissociation. The hydrogen extraction further includes operation in conjunction with energy addition from renewable resources, for example, solar, wind, moving water, geothermal, or biomass resources.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: McAlister Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Publication number: 20150126629
    Abstract: A method for recycling exhaust gas from Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The method includes: 1) introducing raw gas to a shift reactor to conduct a water-gas shift reaction, and collecting shift gas; 2) introducing the shift gas to a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis device to yield a hydrocarbon fuel and exhaust gas, returning part of the exhaust gas as recycle gas; 3) introducing another part of the exhaust gas to a methanation reactor, allowing a methanation reaction to happen between the part of the exhaust gas and water vapor; 4) introducing a mixed gas product from the methanation reaction to a methane reforming reactor; 5) transporting the hydrogen and carbon monoxide resulting from the methane reforming reaction to a gas separator, separating the hydrogen and obtaining a mixed gas including carbon dioxide; and 6) returning the mixed gas including carbon dioxide to the methane reforming reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2015
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Yilong CHEN, Pingyu KUAI, Yan GONG, Xiaodong ZHAN, Yanfeng ZHANG, Jiaqi JIN
  • Patent number: 9012524
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to processes for hydromethanating a carbonaceous feedstock in a hydromethanation reactor to a methane product stream and a char by-product, and more specifically to removal of the char by-product from the hydromethanation reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: GreatPoint Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Earl T. Robinson, Pattabhi K. Raman
  • Patent number: 9011814
    Abstract: Reactive diluent fluid (22) is introduced into a stream of synthesis gas (or “syngas”) produced in a heat-generating unit such as a partial oxidation (“POX”) reactor (12) to cool the syngas and form a mixture of cooled syngas and reactive diluent fluid. Carbon dioxide and/or carbon components and/or hydrogen in the mixture of cooled syngas and reactive diluent fluid is reacted (26) with at least a portion of the reactive diluent fluid in the mixture to produce carbon monoxide-enriched and/or solid carbon depleted syngas which is fed into a secondary reformer unit (30) such as an enhanced heat transfer reformer in a heat exchange reformer process. An advantage of the invention is that problems with the mechanical integrity of the secondary unit arising from the high temperature of the syngas from the heat-generating unit are avoided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: GTLpetrol LLC
    Inventors: Shoou-I Wang, John Michael Repasky, Shankar Nataraj, Xiang-Dong Peng
  • Publication number: 20150099813
    Abstract: A method for improving Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and recycling exhaust gases therefrom. The method includes: 1) transforming raw gas for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis using a water-gas shift reaction, transporting the transformed raw gas to a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis device for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in the presence of a Fe-based or Co-based catalyst; 2) introducing exhaust gases from the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis device to a first pressure-swing adsorber for hydrogen recovery; 3) introducing the exhaust gases from 2) to a second pressure-swing adsorber for methane recovery; 4) returning part of the hydrogen obtained from 2) to 1) to mix with the raw gas, and transforming a resulting mixed gas to adjust a hydrogen/carbon ratio of the raw gas; and 5) introducing the methane in 3) to a methane reforming device to reform the methane whereby yielding syngas having relatively high hydrogen/carbon ratio, and transporting the syngas to 1) to mix with the raw gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventors: Yilong CHEN, Kan SONG, Pingyu KUAI, Yanfeng ZHANG, Jiaqi JIN
  • Patent number: 8987341
    Abstract: A process for improving the hydrogen content of a synthesis gas stream to a synthesis loop, comprising the steps of: (a) removing a purge stream comprising hydrogen and hydrocarbons from a synthesis loop; (b) separating hydrogen from the purge stream; (c) passing the purge stream to a reformer and reacting with steam and oxygen to produce a stream comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide; (d) subjecting the reformed reaction product stream to a shift reaction to produce a stream comprising carbon dioxide and hydrogen; (e) subjecting the product stream from the shift reaction to separation to separate hydrogen from carbon dioxide; (f) supplying the separated hydrogen to the synthesis loop; and (g) removing the carbon dioxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Davy Process Technology Limited
    Inventor: Simon Robert Early
  • Publication number: 20150080483
    Abstract: A power station-based methanation system which has a fossil fuel-fired power station together with an electrolysis unit and a methanation reactor is provided. The power station and the electrolysis unit are configured for supplying the methanation reactor with starting materials for a methanation reaction and the electrolysis unit can be operated both in a charging state and in a discharging state, in which charging state the electrolysis unit supplies electric power and a chemical energy store is at the same time charged and in which discharging state the chemical energy store is discharged.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Applicant: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Marc Hanebuth, Uwe Lenk, Nicolas Vortmeyer
  • Patent number: 8980961
    Abstract: The invention provides for \ a method of forming methanol by combining a mixture of methane, water and carbon dioxide under reaction conditions sufficient to form a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. Hydrogen and carbon monoxide are reacted under conditions sufficient to form methanol. The molar ratio of hydrogen to carbon monoxide is at least two moles of hydrogen to one mole of carbon monoxide and the overall molar ratio between methane, water and carbon dioxide is about 3:2:1. Methane, carbon dioxide and water are bi-reformed over a catalyst. The catalyst includes a single metal, a metal oxide, a mixed catalyst of a metal and a metal oxide or a mixed catalyst of at least two metal oxides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: University of Southern California
    Inventors: George A. Olah, G. K. Surya Prakash
  • Publication number: 20150045459
    Abstract: An integrated microchannel reactor and heat exchanger comprising: (a) a waveform sandwiched between opposing shim sheets and mounted to the shim sheets to form a series of microchannels, where each microchannel includes a pair of substantially straight side walls, and a top wall formed by at least one of the opposing shim sheets, and (b) a first set of microchannels in thermal communication with the waveform, where the waveform has an aspect ratio greater than two.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Anna Lee Y. Tonkovich, Robert D. Litt, Timothy M. Werner, Bin Yang
  • Publication number: 20150045458
    Abstract: A method for converting carbon dioxide in flue gas into natural gas using dump energy. The method includes: 1) transforming and rectifying a voltage of dump energy generated from a renewable energy plant, introducing the voltage-transformed and rectified dump energy into an electrolyte solution to electrolyze water therein to yield H2 and O2; 2) purifying industrial flue gas to separate CO2 therein and purifying CO2; 3) transporting H2 generated and CO2 to a synthesis equipment, allowing a methanation reaction between H2 and CO2 to happen to yield a high-temperature mixed gas with main ingredients of CH4 and water vapor; 4) employing the high-temperature mixed gas to conduct indirect heat exchange with process water to yield superheated water vapor; 5) delivering the superheated water vapor to a turbine to generate electric energy, and returning the electric energy to step 1); and 6) condensing and drying the mixed gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Yanfeng ZHANG, Yilong CHEN, Zhilong WANG, Zhangjian FANG, Xingcai ZHENG
  • Publication number: 20150038600
    Abstract: A thermochemical process and system for producing fuel are provided. The thermochemical process includes reducing an oxygenated-hydrocarbon to form an alkane and using the alkane in a reforming reaction as a reducing agent for water, a reducing agent for carbon dioxide, or a combination thereof. Another thermochemical process includes reducing a metal oxide to form a reduced metal oxide, reducing an oxygenated-hydrocarbon with the reduced metal oxide to form an alkane, and using the alkane in a reforming reaction as a reducing agent for water, a reducing agent for carbon dioxide, or a combination thereof. The system includes a reformer configured to perform a thermochemical process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventor: Richard B. DIVER
  • Patent number: 8945488
    Abstract: A gas-to-liquids process and plant for treating natural gas, in which the natural gas is subjected to expansion through a flow restrictor so as to undergo cooling through the Joule Thomson effect, enables liquids to be separated from the gas stream. The natural gas may be cooled before it reaches the flow restrictor by heat exchange with fluid that has passed through the flow restrictor. This decreases the proportion of longer-chain hydrocarbons in the natural gas, which may simplify subsequent processing, and may enable the size of the plant to be decreased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: CompactGTL Limited
    Inventors: Michael Joseph Bowe, Robert Peat, David James West, Philip Hawker
  • Publication number: 20150025159
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for manufacturing a hydrocarbon, the method including bringing metal Mg into contact with water and carbon dioxide and reducing the carbon dioxide. In the method, one or more elements selected from the group consisting of Group 8 elements, Group 9 elements, B, C, S, Ca, V, Mn, Ni, Ge, Zr, Nb, Pd, Ag, Sn, Pt, Au, and Ce are used as combination element(s), and the contact is effected under presence of one or more of simple substance(s) of the combination element(s), water-soluble compound(s) of the combination element(s), and ion(s) of the combination element(s).
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 17, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: Hiroyuki NAKAGAWA, Seitaro TAKI, Hisashi MIZUNO
  • Patent number: 8937103
    Abstract: A system and method for reducing the CO2 in a gaseous stream between 33% up to and even in excess of 90%, by reducing CO2. A gaseous stream that includes substantial amounts of CO2 is provided to a reaction chamber along with H2O (steam) and a carbon source such as charcoal, coke or other carbonaceous material. Carbon is provided to the chamber at a ratio (C/CO2) of between about 0.100 to 0.850, and between about 0.200 to 0.900 of H2O to the provided CO2. The CO2, H2O and carbon are heated to between about 1500° F. and about 3000° F. at about one atmosphere to produce syngas (i.e. carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2)) and reduces the amount of CO2. The Syngas may then be cleaned and provided to a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reactor or a Bio-catalytic synthesis reactor to produce a fuel, such as Methanol, Ethanol, Diesel and Jet Fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Gyco, Inc.
    Inventor: Gary C. Young
  • Publication number: 20150005399
    Abstract: A method for producing synthetic gas with which a virtually soot-free synthetic gas having a good composition can be efficiently obtained by a simple device using a liquid biofuel as the starting material, and it is thereby possible to produce a high-quality liquid fuel such as methanol, gasoline or kerosene. Steam and a liquid biofuel produced by pyrolysis of a biomass are fed to the gasification space inside a reactor tube that is not loaded with a catalyst inside the reactor tube and heated to 800 to 1,200° C. from the outside via the reactor tube walls to induce an endothermic reaction and thereby a steam reforming chemical reaction between the steam and the liquid biofuel. By setting the molar ratio of the fed steam and carbon in the liquid biofuel ([H2O]/[C]) at 0.3 or higher, a synthetic gas having a good composition that is virtually free of tar and soot and is primarily H2 and CO is obtained.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2012
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Masayasu Sakai, Nobuaki Murakami, Nobutaka Morimitsu, Yasunori Takei, Akira Hasegawa
  • Patent number: 8916617
    Abstract: A system and method for producing Syngas from the CO2 in a gaseous stream, such as an exhaust stream, from a power plant or industrial plant, like a cement kiln, is disclosed. A preferred embodiment includes providing the gaseous stream to pyrolysis reactor along with a carbon source such as coke. The CO2 and carbon are heated to about 1330° C. and at about one atmosphere with reactants such as steam such that a reaction takes place that produces Syngas, carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2). The Syngas is then cleaned and provided to a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reactor to produce Ethanol or Bio-catalytic synthesis reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: GYCO, Inc.
    Inventor: Gary C. Young
  • Publication number: 20140364516
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for generating synthesis gas using hydrocarbons and water are described. In further embodiments of the method and the apparatus, synthesis gases having any desired CO/hydrogen ratio and/or synthetic functionalised and/or non-functionalised hydrocarbons are generated. With this method, a hydrocarbon containing fluid may be transformed into a synthesis gas having variable hydrogen content without generating significant amounts of CO2. Further, hydrogen and different forms of carbon may be obtained as by-products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2012
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventor: Olaf Kuhl
  • Publication number: 20140364517
    Abstract: A process and system for producing liquid and gas fuels and other useful chemicals from carbon containing source materials comprises cool plasma gasification and/or pyrolysis of a source material to produce synthesis gas using the produced synthesis gas for the production of a hydrocarbon, methanol, ammonia, urea, and other products. The process and system are capable of sequestering carbon dioxide and reducing NOx and SOx.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2013
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventors: Henrik Selstam, Erik Fareid
  • Publication number: 20140357737
    Abstract: Process for synthesizing hydrocarbons includes: reforming a hydrocarbon feedstock containing inert gases in reforming stages to generate a synthesis gas including the inert gases, steam, hydrogen and carbon monoxide; cooling the synthesis gas below the dew point to obtain a dewatered synthesis gas; synthesizing hydrocarbons from the dewatered synthesis gas by the Fischer-Tropsch reaction and separating at least part of the synthesized hydrocarbons, to give a tail gas; subjecting a mixture of at least part of the tail gas and steam to the water-gas shift reaction, to form shifted tail gas having increased hydrogen and carbon dioxide contents; subjecting the shifted tail gas to one or more membrane separation stages thereby generating an inert gas-containing gas mixture and one or more of a hydrogen-, carbon dioxide- and a hydrocarbon-containing gas mixture; and using one or more of the hydrogen-, carbon dioxide- and hydrocarbon-containing gas mixture in a reformer feed stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2012
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventor: Peter Edward James Abbott
  • Patent number: 8901179
    Abstract: A process for synthesis of methanol, where make-up syngas is reacted in a synthesis loop (10) obtaining crude methanol, and where a purge gas (20) taken from said synthesis loop is heated to 200-500° C. by indirect heat exchange with a high-temperature heat source, the heated purge gas (33) being expanded in a gas expander (34) to recover energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Casale SA
    Inventors: Raffaele Ostuni, Ermanno Filippi
  • Publication number: 20140343174
    Abstract: A method of catalytically preparing a fluid product from solid carbonaceous material is described. In the method, at least one of the following equilibria is established by one or more catalysts: a) CH3OH?CO+2H2, b) CO+H2O?CO2+H2. In some versions, the solid carbonaceous material is woody biomass. Components of the fluid product can include one or a combination of C5-C9 alcohols, In certain versions, the method can he practiced with substantially all of the carbon in the carbonaceous material being converted to the fluid product. Also, in some versions, the fluid product can be prepared with substantially no char formation. The fluid product of various versions can be used directly as fuel or as a reagent for preparing commodity chemicals without the need for separating the fluid product components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 3, 2014
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Theodore D. Matson, Peter C. Ford, Gerald Macala, Alexei Iretski
  • Patent number: 8889746
    Abstract: An enhanced Fischer-Tropsch process for the synthesis of sulfur free, clean burning, hydrocarbon fuels, examples of which include syndiesel and aviation fuel. Naphtha is destroyed in a syngas generator and recycled as feedstock to an Fischer-Tropsch (FT) reactor in order to enhance the production of syndiesel from the reactor. The process enhancement results is the maximum production of formulated syndiesel without the formation of low value by-products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Expander Energy Inc.
    Inventor: Steve Kresnyak
  • Publication number: 20140323599
    Abstract: A method and system for producing methanol that employs both an oxygen transport membrane (OTM) based reforming system together with a more traditional steam methane reforming (SMR) and/or autothermal (ATR) synthesis gas production system is disclosed. The dual mode system and method for producing the synthesis gas in a methanol production process optimizes the efficiency and productivity of the methanol plant by using the OTM based reforming system as an independent source of synthesis gas. The disclosed methods and systems are configurable either as a retrofit to existing methanol production facilities or as an integrated package into newly constructed methanol production facilities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2013
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventors: Shrikar Chakravarti, Minish M. Shah, Raymond Francis Drnevich, Wladimir Y. Sarmiento-Darkin, Brian R. Kromer, Sean M. Kelly
  • Patent number: 8865780
    Abstract: Process for converting biogas to a gas rich in methane comprising the steps of: —mixing a carbon dioxide-comprising biogas with steam to form a mixture comprising carbon dioxide, methane and steam; electrolysing the mixture comprising carbon dioxide, methane and steam in a high temperature solid oxide electrolyser cell unit, to obtain a gas comprising mainly hydrogen and carbon monoxide; catalytically converting hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide to methane in one or more methanation steps to obtain a gas rich in methane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Haldor Topsoe A/S
    Inventor: John Bogild Hansen
  • Publication number: 20140288196
    Abstract: A system and method for increasing the production of Syngas from an SMR (Steam Methane Reforming) processing plant by providing CO2 as an additional feedstock, such as from an exhaust stream of a Corn-to-Ethanol plant, or from a power plant or industrial plant, like a cement plant. The CO2 steam and methane are introduced into the SMR reactor heated to about 870° C. and at about one atmosphere such that a reaction takes place that produces Syngas comprising CO, Hydrogen (H2) and carbon dioxide (CO2). The Syngas is then cleaned and provided to a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reactor or other Bio-catalytic synthesis reactor to produce Ethanol or other high value liquid fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventors: Gary C. Young, Eric S. Wagner, John C. Wooley
  • Publication number: 20140272734
    Abstract: The invention relates to methods for creating high value liquid fuels such as gasoline, diesel, jet and alcohols using carbon dioxide and water as the starting raw materials and a system for using the same. These methods combine a novel solid oxide electrolytic cell (SOEC) for the efficient and clean conversion of carbon dioxide and water to hydrogen and carbon monoxide, uniquely integrated with a gas-to-liquid fuels producing method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Robert J. Braun, William L. Becker, Michael Penev
  • Publication number: 20140275299
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for synthesizing low nitrogen concentration organic liquids from biomass, such as algae, the organic liquids being suitable for refining into fuels and other chemicals. The biomass together with a solvent that is immiscible with water at room temperature are subjected to a subcritical hydrothermal treatment to disrupt cell structure and transform the biomass into a gas phase, a bio-oil phase, an aqueous phase and a solid phase. The aqueous phase contains most of the nitrogen. The resulting multi-phasic mixture can be separated into four phases, including an aqueous phase and the organic liquid which consists of bio-oil dissolved in the solvent. Refined organic liquid can be recycled into the hydrothermal treatment as the solvent. The subcritical hydrothermal treatment can be performed at a generally low temperature and followed by a second hydrothermal treatment at a higher temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: William Brian Bedwell, Matthew Atwood, Jin-Ping Lim, Esperanza Alvarez, Jordi Perez Mariano
  • Publication number: 20140249237
    Abstract: An integrated plant that includes a steam explosion process unit and biomass gasifier to generate syngas from biomass is discussed. A steam explosion process unit applies a combination of heat, pressure, and moisture to the biomass to make the biomass into a moist fine particle form. The steam explosion process unit applies steam with a high pressure to heat and pressurize any gases and fluids present inside the biomass to internally blow apart the bulk structure of the biomass via a rapid depressurization of the biomass with the increased moisture content. Those produced moist fine particles of biomass are subsequently fed to a feed section of the biomass gasifier, which reacts the biomass particles in a rapid biomass gasification reaction to produce syngas components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 13, 2014
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Applicant: Sundrop Fuels, Inc.
    Inventors: Francis Michael Ferraro, Jerrod Wayne Hohman, Robert S. Ampulski
  • Publication number: 20140243435
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for making methanol and ethanol from carbon dioxide and hydrogen. The process includes contacting a mixture of carbon dioxide and hydrogen with a catalyst system containing a ruthenium compound—and optionally, a chloride or bromide-containing compound—dispersed in a low-melting tetraorganophosphonium chloride or bromide salt under conditions effective to produce methanol and ethanol. The invention also relates to a process for making methanol and ethanol from carbon monoxide and water using the same catalyst system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2013
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY
    Inventors: Jan Hendrik BLANK, David John COLE-HAMILTON, Robert Thomas HEMBRE, James Allen PONASIK, JR.
  • Publication number: 20140235736
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to an apparatus for a reduction reaction of carbon dioxide using solar energy and a reducing method of carbon dioxide for reacting carbon dioxide gas and hydrogen gas with each other by using solar energy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2014
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: SOGANG UNIVERSITY RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventor: Kyung Byung Yoon
  • Patent number: 8795597
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for converting natural gas from a source, such as a wellhead, pipeline, or a storage facility, into hydrocarbon liquid stable at room temperature, comprising a skid or trailer mounted portable gas to liquids reactor. The reactor includes a preprocessor which desulfurizes and dehydrates the natural gas, a first stage reactor which transforms the preprocessed natural gas into synthesis gas, and a liquid production unit using a Fischer-Tropsch or similar polymerization process. The hydrocarbon liquid may be stored in a portable tank for later transportation or further processed on site.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Greenway Innovative Energy, Inc.
    Inventor: F. Conrad Greer