Ingredient Contains Only Carbon And Hydrogen Atoms, Only C And Halogen Atoms, Or Only C, H, And Halogen Atoms Patents (Class 521/131)
  • Patent number: 10533067
    Abstract: Disclosed are compositions that comprise water and a polyether polyol derived from sucrose and an alkylene oxide, as well as polyurethane foam systems comprising such compositions, methods for their production, and the resulting polyurethane foams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2020
    Assignee: Covestro LLC
    Inventors: Anthony R. Loveday, Eloy C. Martinez, James L. Lambach, Richard Raul Romero, Usama E. Younes, Ray Joseph Anderson
  • Patent number: 10434349
    Abstract: Azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of HFO-E-1,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-3-trifluoromethyl-1-butene with a second compound selected from the group consisting of methyl formate and HFO-E-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene. Also disclosed are processes of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents; of producing refrigeration by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions; of producing cooling; of producing heating; of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as solvents; of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions; of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media; of extinguishing or suppressing a fire by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions; and of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as dielectrics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventor: Mark L. Robin
  • Patent number: 10428170
    Abstract: Polyurethane/polyisocyanurate foam insulation described herein is derived from a composition that contains an organic polyisocyanate, an isocyanate reactive material containing at least about 20% by weight, based on the total weight of the composition, of an aromatic polyester polyol, a hydrocarbon blowing agent, a first catalyst selected from the group consisting of a carboxylate salt of an alkali metal, a carboxylate salt of an alkaline earth metal, a carboxylate salt of a quaternary ammonium, and combinations thereof, and a second catalyst comprising a non-reactive tertiary amine, wherein a molar ratio of the first catalyst to the second catalyst is less than about 1.25, the composition gels quickly, and the composition has an isocyanate index greater than about 175. Such an insulating foam has a ratio of thermal conductivity at 75° F. to thermal conductivity at 25° F. between about 0.98 and about 1.10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: HUNTSMAN INTERNATIONAL LLC
    Inventors: Sachchida N. Singh, Kristof Dedecker, Sheila Dubs, Paul Coleman
  • Patent number: 10357673
    Abstract: Example devices, systems, and methods disclosed herein relate to a controller configured to control pressure maintenance in a fire protection system. A controller may be configured to control a fire pump to provide a first level of water pressure and to control operation of a jockey pump that is coupled in parallel with the fire pump to provide a second level of water pressure that is less than the first level. The controller is further configured to receive, from a pressure sensor coupled to the fire protection system, an output representative of the water pressure. The controller is configured to provide instructions to initiate the jockey pump based on a pressure value associated with the output being below a first value, and to provide instructions to initiate the fire pump based on the pressure value being below a second value that is less than the first value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: ASCO Power Technologies L.P.
    Inventor: Daniel G. Scheffer
  • Patent number: 10308778
    Abstract: Disclosed are a dynamic non-wicking PU foam and preparation and application thereof The PU foam is prepared from polyether polyol, toluene-2,4-diisocyanate, non-wicking additive and auxiliary agent. The dynamic non-wicking additive is composed of carboxylic acids, amines and alkyl alcohols in any proportion. The auxiliary agent is composed of silicone surfactant, amine promoter, tin catalyst, pigment and water. The dynamic non-wicking PU foam has a high stability and an extremely non-wicking effect. The shoes made of the dynamic non-wicking PU foam also have extremely good dynamic non-wicking and waterproof effects, thus ensuring both comfort and stability of quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: CRECIMENTO INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shaowu Cai, Xingshu Li, Wei Zeng, Zhihong Zeng, Shizhu Ma
  • Patent number: 10286242
    Abstract: Azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of HFO-E-1,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-3-trifluoromethyl-1-butene with a second compound selected from the group consisting of methyl formate and HFO-E-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene. Also disclosed are processes of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents; of producing refrigeration by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions; of producing cooling; of producing heating; of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as solvents; of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions; of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media; of extinguishing or suppressing a fire by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions; and of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as dielectrics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventor: Mark L. Robin
  • Patent number: 10189965
    Abstract: The use of bonded siloxane block polymers of the general average formula (I) MaM1bDcD1d TeQfGg as additive in the production of PUR foam using at least one polyol component and at least one isocyanate component, wherein the polyol component used has an average hydroxyl number, determined to DIN 53240-1:2012-07, of >56 to <450 mg KOH/g, preferably 57-300 mg KOH/g, and wherein the PUR foam is produced at an isocyanate index of 65 to 108, is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Michael Krebs, Roland Hubel, Michael Ferenz, Marco Wolf, Thomas Guenther
  • Patent number: 10113046
    Abstract: A blowing agent for thermosetting foams is disclosed. The blowing agent is 2,4,4,4-tetrafluorobutene-1 alone or in combination with a hydrofluoroolefin (HFO), hydrofluorocarbon (HFC), hydrochlorofluoroolefin (HCFO), or a hydrocarbon. The blowing agent is effective as a blowing agent in the manufacture of thermosetting foams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: ARKEMA INC
    Inventors: Benjamin Bin Chen, Joseph S. Costa, Philippe Bonnet
  • Patent number: 10030094
    Abstract: A polyisocyanurate-based coating for offshore applications is provided. The coating is a syntactic coating, obtainable by reacting a polyisocyanate compound with a compound containing isocyanate-reactive hydrogen atoms in the presence of a trimerisation catalyst and hollow objects, at an isocyanate index of at least and preferably more than 2000.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: HUNTSMAN INTERNATIONAL LLC
    Inventors: Dimitri Leroy, Wesley Verbeke, Thorsten Gurke
  • Patent number: 9868837
    Abstract: The present invention is directed towards a method of stabilizing thermosetting foam blends such as polyurethane poly blends containing a blowing agent with negligible (low or zero) ozone-depletion and low GWP based upon unsaturated halogenated hydroolefins in which one or more ester is added to the thermosetting foam blends. The thermosetting foam blends typically in clued: polyol(s); surfactant(s); catalyst(s); flame retardent(s); organic acid inhibitor(s)/stabilizer(s); carbon dioxide generating agent(s). The addition of the one or more esters to the thermosetting foam blends was unexpectedly found to result in blends which were stable over time and the resulted foams have a uniform cell structure with little or no foam collapse.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Assignee: Arkema Inc.
    Inventors: Benjamin Bin Chen, Joseph S. Costa, Philippe Bonnet
  • Patent number: 9833001
    Abstract: A termite bait includes a plurality of cellulosic food material pieces palatable to termites embedded within a water resistant polyurethane foam matrix. Another termite bait includes a plurality of cellulosic food material pieces embedded within a water-absorbent polyurethane foam matrix. Yet another termite bait includes at least one cellulosic food material piece encapsulated within a water resistant polyurethane foam coating. Such termite baits can be used alone or in a monitoring device or other termite control device. Another termite control device includes a container, a cellulosic food material within the container and a water resistant polyurethane foam positioned to separate the food material from its environment. The container can contain a termite bait as described above or can include a chamber containing a cellulosic food material and at least one pocket containing a polyurethane foam barrier to reduce intrusion of water through the pocket to the food material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Assignee: Dow ArgoSciences LLC
    Inventors: Joseph Edward Eger, Jr., Donald E. Williams, III, Sol M. Mirasol, Mike P. Tolley, Joseph J. DeMark, Matthew T. Messenger, Phillip J. Howard
  • Patent number: 9739063
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a halogen free roof system is described. The roof system includes a structural deck that is positioned above joists or other support members. Polyisocyanurate foam insulation is positioned atop the structural deck. The polyisocyanurate foam insulation has an isocyanate index greater than 200 and includes a polyisocyanurate core having a halogen free fire retardant. A water proof membrane is positioned atop the polyisocyanurate foam insulation. The polyisocyanurate core is able to form a sufficiently stable char when exposed to flame conditions such that the polyisocyanurate core is able to pass the ASTM E-84 test.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: Johns Manville
    Inventors: Malay Nandi, Lance Wang, Jawed Asrar
  • Patent number: 9708454
    Abstract: The present invention relates to mixtures of 1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluorobutene (1336mzzm) and 1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (1233zd). The blends are useful as blowing agents for polymer foam, solvents, aerosol propellants and heat transfer media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Mary C Bogdan, Clifford p. Gittere, James M. Bowman, Yiu Keung Ling, David J. Williams
  • Patent number: 9695267
    Abstract: The invention provides foam forming methods that comprise: (a) preparing a foamable system comprising at least one hydrohaloolefin; and (b) ensuring either (i) the substantial absence of long-term decomposition-inducing contact between said hydrofluoroolefin and an amine-containing catalyst; (ii) that an effective amount of surfactant is available in the system under conditions which prevent long term exposure of the surfactant to a long-term decomposition reaction environment; or (iii) a combination of (i) and (ii). Related methods, foamable systems and foams are also disclosed. Preferred embodiments provide polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foams and methods for the preparation thereof, including closed-celled, polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foams and methods for their preparation. The preferred foams are characterized by a fine uniform cell structure and little or no foam collapse.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2017
    Assignee: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: David J. Williams, Clifford P. Gittere, Michael Van Der Puy
  • Patent number: 9682586
    Abstract: An aqueous cationic polyurethane dispersion for waterborne digital print and other applications comprising an aqueous dispersion of polyurethane having properly positioned tertiary amino groups, e.g., tethered tertiary amino group separated from backbone by at least two intervening atoms or terminal tertiary amino groups with multiple tertiary amino groups per terminus, where said amino groups are optionally partially quaternized and/or neutralized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2017
    Inventors: Alexander V. Lubnin, Dennis N. Malaba
  • Patent number: 9587080
    Abstract: An embodiment of a closed-cell polymeric rigid foam may be made using a one-shot method and a reaction system that includes a hydrofluoroalkene physical blowing agent and a polyol mixture having an aminic polyol. The hydrofluoroalkene blowing agent has 3 to 5 carbon atoms and a boiling point between 10° C. and 40° C. at 1 atmosphere pressure. Embodiments of rigid foams may have high closed cell content and are particularly well suited for thermal insulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2017
    Assignee: HUNTSMAN INTERNATIONAL LLC
    Inventors: Sachchida N. Singh, Jinhuang Wu, Alan J. Hamilton
  • Patent number: 9580570
    Abstract: The present invention aims to provide a rigid polyurethane resin for cutting, which has high heat resistance, no scorching, and reduced expansion due to absorption of moisture in the air. The rigid polyurethane resin-forming composition (P) for cutting of the present invention includes: a polyol component (A); an isocyanate component (B); an inorganic filler (C); and a dehydrating agent (D). The polyol component (A) includes: 45 to 99% by weight of a polyphenol (j) alkylene oxide adduct (a), the polyphenol (j) having k functional groups where k is an integer of 2 or 3; and 1 to 55% by weight of a polyol (b). The polyphenol (j) alkylene oxide adduct (a) includes a total of not more than 39% by weight of a polyphenol (j) alkylene oxide adduct (ak) with at most k moles of alkylene oxide, based on 100% by weight of the polyphenol (j) alkylene oxide adduct (a), and has a hydroxyl value of 100 to 295 mg KOH/g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: SANYO CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Masaki Awahara, Yusaku Mori
  • Patent number: 9499729
    Abstract: Various uses of fluorinated alkenes, particularly HFO-1234 and HFCO-1233zd in a variety of applications, including refrigeration, foams, blowing agents, aerosols, propellants, solvent compositions, fire extinguishing and suppressing agents, extraction agents and catalyst deposition are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Assignee: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: David J. Williams, James M. Bowman
  • Patent number: 9487616
    Abstract: An isocyanate-terminated prepolymer C having an NCO content of from ?26% by mass to ?31.0% by mass is obtainable from the reaction of an isocyanate composition A having a viscosity at 25° C. of from ?60 mPas to ?800 mPas, comprising from ?25% by mass to ?60% by mass MDI and from ?40% by mass to ?75% by mass pMDI, wherein the sum of the amounts of those components is ?100% by mass, with a bifunctional polyester ether polyol B having an OH number of ?200 mg(KOH)/g and ?500 mg(KOH)/g, obtained from the reaction of a dicarboxylic acid/dicarboxylic acid derivative with at least one polyol and with an epoxide, wherein the polyester ether polyol B is used in amounts of from ?1.5% by mass to ?6.0% by mass, based on the sum of the masses of A and B. The invention further provides a PUR/PIR polymer produced from the prepolymer C, its use and composite elements based thereon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Assignee: Covestro Deutschland AG
    Inventors: Hans-Georg Pirkl, Manfred Schmidt, Reinhard Albers, Johannes Braak, Rolf Roers
  • Patent number: 9481759
    Abstract: Composite materials and methods for their preparation are described herein. The composite materials include a polyurethane made from the reaction of at least one isocyanate and at least one polyol, and coal ash (e.g., fly ash). The composite materials are highly reactive systems such as through the use of highly reactive polyols, highly reactive isocyanates, or both. The coal ash is present in amounts from about 40% to about 90% by weight of the composite material. Also described is a method of preparing a composite material, including mixing at least one isocyanate, at least one polyol, coal ash, and a catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2016
    Assignee: BORAL IP HOLDINGS LLC
    Inventors: Ronald M. Herrington, Kengqing Jian, Russell L. Hill
  • Patent number: 9464152
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of preparing a bio-based thermosetting foam material with improved properties, in particular improved flame retardant properties, which method includes the steps of a) producing a prepolymer by condensation of at least one phenolic compound and formaldehyde in a ratio of 1:1.0 to 3.0 using 0.15 to 5 wt % of an alkaline catalyst in the temperature range of 50 to 100° C. until the refractive index of the reaction mixture is 1.4990 to 1.5020, b) adding 2 to 40 wt % of at least one natural polyphenol at a temperature of 50 to 100° C., c) adding 2 to 10 wt % of one or more emulsifiers and mixtures thereof, d) adding 2 to 10 wt % of one or more foaming agents and mixtures thereof and e) adding 10 to 20 wt % of a curing agent and f) curing. All wt % being related to the amount of the raw materials used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignee: HEXION INC.
    Inventors: Daniel Dahlhaus, Gunda Kuhlmann, Rosel Bölke
  • Patent number: 9340758
    Abstract: The present invention relates to solvent/cleaner and heat transfer fluid compositions comprising at least one hydrochlorofluoroolefin (HCFO), 1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (HCFO-1233zd), particularly the trans-isomer. The HCFO of the present invention can be used in combination with co-agents including, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), hydrofluoroolefins (HFOs), hydrocarbons, ethers including hydrofluoroethers (HFEs), esters, ketones, alcohols, 1,2-transdichloroethylene and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: Arkema Inc.
    Inventors: Benjamin Bin Chen, Philippe Bonnet, Maher Y. Elsheikh, Brett L. Van Horn, Laurent Abbas
  • Patent number: 9279039
    Abstract: A blowing agent for thermosetting foams is disclosed. The blowing agent is a hydrofluoroolefin (HCFO), preferably HFCO-1234yf in combination with a hydrochlorofluoroolefin (HCFO) preferably one selected from HCFO-1233zd, HCFO-1223, HCFO-1233xf and mixtures thereof. The blowing agent is effective as a blowing agent in the manufacture of thermosetting foams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2016
    Assignee: Arkema Inc.
    Inventors: Benjamin Bin Chen, Joseph S. Costa, Philippe Bonnet, Maher Y. Elsheikh, Brett L. Van Horn
  • Patent number: 9266997
    Abstract: A polyurethane foam is prepared from a reaction mixture that includes an aromatic isocyanate compound, and blowing agent, and a polyol that itself includes a poly(phenylene ether) having a number average molecular weight of 600 to 2000 atomic mass units and an average of 1.5 to 3 hydroxyl groups per molecule. Use of the poly(phenylene ether) is associated with faster formation of polyurethane, and increased compression force deflection. The polyurethane is useful for forming articles including bedding, furniture, automotive interiors, mass transportation interiors (seating, padding, instrument panels, door panels, steering wheels, armrests, and headrests), flooring underlay (foam, rebond binder), packaging, textiles, lining and gasketing applications, acoustic dampening materials, and weather stripping.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V.
    Inventor: Edward Norman Peters
  • Patent number: 9238722
    Abstract: An embodiment of a closed-cell polymeric rigid foam may be made using a one-shot method and a reaction system that includes a hydrofluoroalkene physical blowing agent and a polyol mixture having an aminic polyol. The hydrofluoroalkene blowing agent has 3 to 5 carbon atoms and a boiling point between 10° C. and 40° C. at 1 atmosphere pressure. Embodiments of rigid foams may have high closed cell content and are particularly well suited for thermal insulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2016
    Assignee: Huntsman International LLC
    Inventors: Sachchida N. Singh, Jinhuang Wu, Alan J. Hamilton
  • Patent number: 9238721
    Abstract: An embodiment of a closed-cell polymeric rigid foam may be made using a one-shot method and a reaction system that includes a hydrofluoroalkene physical blowing agent and a polyol mixture having an aminic polyol. The hydrofluoroalkene blowing agent has 3 to 5 carbon atoms and a boiling point between 10° C. and 40° C. at 1 atmosphere pressure. Embodiments of rigid foams may have high closed cell content and are particularly well suited for thermal insulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2016
    Assignee: Huntsman International LLC
    Inventors: Sachchida N. Singh, Jinhuang Wu, Alan J. Hamilton
  • Patent number: 9074039
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to polyurethane foam composition. In one embodiment, the present invention relates to polyurethane foam compositions that have increased and/or improved fire-retardant properties due to the inclusion of one or more liquid and/or solid fire-retardants. In another embodiment, the present invention relates to polyurethane foam compositions that have increased and/or improved fire-retardant properties due to the inclusion of one or more intumescent materials (e.g., expandable graphite (EG)). In still another embodiment, the present invention relates to polyurethane foam compositions that have increased and/or improved fire-retardant properties due to the inclusion of expandable graphite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2015
    Inventors: John A. Stahl, Jonathon S. Stahl
  • Publication number: 20150144829
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a composition in the form of a dispersion, a method for the manufacturing of said composition and uses thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 30, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventor: Henri J.M. Grünbauer
  • Patent number: 9033959
    Abstract: A skin graft applicator with a handle member and a roller member is described for use in applying a skin graft to a patient. The skin graft applicator has a manipulator pad for positioning the skin graft, and a roller member for forcing air and fluid from underneath the skin graft ensuring the proper bond between graft and tissue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Mercy Health System, Inc.
    Inventor: Bharat Shah
  • Publication number: 20150133573
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing foamed molded bodies comprising the steps of A) providing a mold, and B) introducing a foam-forming reaction mixture into the mold under variable pressure of injection, wherein the method is characterized in that the foam-forming reaction mixture has a fiber time of ?20 s to ?60 s.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 26, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Reinhard Albers, Hans-Guido Wirtz, Michael Loof, Andreas Pielasch
  • Patent number: 9023905
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a cleaning implement based on melamine formaldehyde foams comprising, abrasive particles and to a method of cleaning a hard surface with said cleaning implement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: The procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: David John Pung, Denis Alfred Gonzales, Tobias Heinz Steinke, Peter Nessel
  • Patent number: 9000061
    Abstract: The present invention relates to poured-in place polyurethane foams and polyol premixes comprising 1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (HFCO-1233zd) and one or more additional co-blowing agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Yiu Keung Ling, David J Williams
  • Publication number: 20150094389
    Abstract: An embodiment of a closed-cell polymeric rigid foam may be made using a one-shot method and a reaction system that includes a hydrofluoroalkene physical blowing agent and a polyol mixture having an aminic polyol. The hydrofluoroalkene blowing agent has 3 to 5 carbon atoms and a boiling point between 10° C. and 40° C. at 1 atmosphere pressure. Embodiments of rigid foams may have high closed cell content and are particularly well suited for thermal insulation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 10, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Sachchida N. Singh, Jinhuang Wu, Alan J. Hamilton
  • Publication number: 20150094388
    Abstract: An embodiment of a closed-cell polymeric rigid foam may be made using a one-shot method and a reaction system that includes a hydrofluoroalkene physical blowing agent and a polyol mixture having an aminic polyol. The hydrofluoroalkene blowing agent has 3 to 5 carbon atoms and a boiling point between 10° C. and 40° C. at 1 atmosphere pressure. Embodiments of rigid foams may have high closed cell content and are particularly well suited for thermal insulation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 10, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Sachchida N. Singh, Jinhuang Wu, Alan J. Hamilton
  • Publication number: 20150080485
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are blowing agents comprising fluorocarbons and/or hydrofluorocarbons useful in foamable compositions. Also disclosed are methods for forming a foam comprising the aforementioned blowing agents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Joseph Anthony Creazzo, Mario Joseph Nappa, Allen Capron Sievert, Ekaterina N Swearingen
  • Patent number: 8975306
    Abstract: A viscoelastic foam system is provided having an amine-based polyoxypropylene extended polyol to impart strength, recoverability and endurance to the foam, and an appropriately selected non-amine-based polyol to provide flexibility to the foam. The combination of amine-based propylene oxide extended polyol and non-amine-based polyol provides a viscoelastic semi-rigid foam with excellent impact and recovery properties, recovering to substantially 100% of its initial volume and shape following an impact, yet with sufficient rigidity and stiffness so that it is effective at absorbing multiple impacts. A method of making the above viscoelastic foam is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Intellectual Property Holdings, LLC
    Inventor: Charles M. Milliren
  • Patent number: 8946312
    Abstract: An azeotrope-like mixture consisting essentially of chlorotrifluoropropene and at least one component selected from the group consisting of a C1-C3 alcohol, a C5-C6 hydrocarbon, a halogenated hydrocarbon, methylal, methyl acetone, water, nitromethane, and combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Rajat Basu, Leslie Bement, Kane Cook, Ryan Hulse, Gary Knopeck, Hang T. Pham, Rajiv R. Singh, David J. Williams
  • Publication number: 20150014606
    Abstract: Azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of Z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene and E-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene. Also disclosed is a process of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents. Also disclosed is a process of producing refrigeration by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as solvents. Also disclosed is a process of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media. Also disclosed is a process of extinguishing or suppressing a fire by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as dielectrics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Mark L. Robin, Joseph Anthony Creazzo, Gary Loh
  • Patent number: 8926856
    Abstract: A heat transfer composition comprising trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (R-1234ze(E)), difluoromethane (R-32) and 1,1-difluoroethane (R-152a).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco Holding S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Robert E. Low
  • Patent number: 8911641
    Abstract: A heat transfer composition comprising trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (R-1234ze(E)), carbon dioxide (R-744) and a third component selected from difluoromethane (R-32), 1,1-difluoroethane (R-152a), fluoroethane (R-161), 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (R-134a), propylene, propane and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco Holding S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Robert E. Low
  • Patent number: 8906974
    Abstract: A method for producing polyurethane foams by reacting at least one organic isocyanate moiety, at least one polyol, a blowing agent consisting of halogen-containing (fluorine-containing) olefins and at least a siloxane of Formula I b, c and d are defined herein, as well as compositions made by said method are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Martin Glos, Carsten Schiller, Christian Eilbracht
  • Publication number: 20140357747
    Abstract: A foam expansion agent composition is disclosed that includes Z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene and at least one high boiling point foam expansion agent present in an effective amount sufficient to produce a foam having a k-factor less than the k-factor of a foam produced using Z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene or the at least one high boiling point foam expansion agent alone at a given temperature. Also disclosed is a foam-forming composition that includes the foam expansion agent composition of this disclosure and an active hydrogen-containing compound having two or more active hydrogens. Also disclosed is a closed-cell polyurethane or polyisocyanurate polymer foam prepared from reaction of an effective amount of the foam-forming composition of this disclosure and a suitable polyisocyanate. Also disclosed is a process for producing a closed-cell polyurethane or polyisocyanurate polymer foam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2012
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Gary Loh, Joseph Anthony Creazzo
  • Patent number: 8901184
    Abstract: A foamed resin molded article that is obtained by kneading and foaming a pellet including one or more fluorine resins and a chemical blowing agent in an extrusion molding process. The pellet is formed by mixing powder of the one or more fluorine resins and powder of the chemical blowing agent without heating and melting, and solidifying and molding. A method of manufacturing a foamed resin molded article includes making pellets including one or more fluorine resins and a chemical blowing agent, and kneading and foaming the pellets in an extrusion molding process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masahiro Abe, Akinari Nakayama, Masafumi Nagano
  • Patent number: 8895635
    Abstract: The present invention relates to foam products made with blowing agent compositions comprising at least one hydrochlorofluoroolefin (HCFO) used in the preparation of Namable thermoplastic compositions. The HCFOs of the present invention include, but are not limited to, 1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (HCFO-1233zd), particularly the trans-isomer, 2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (HCFO-1233xf), dichloro-fluorinated propenes, and mixtures thereof. The blowing agent compositions of the present invention are used with coblowing agents including carbon dioxide, atmospheric gases, hydrofluorocarbons (HFC), hydrofluoroolefins (HFO), alkanes, hydrofluoroethers (HFE), and mixtures thereof. Preferred HFCs used as coblowing agents in the present invention include, but are not limited too, 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a), 1,1-difluoroethane (HFC-152a), 1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a), pentafluorethane (HFC-125), difluoromethane (HFC-32).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Arkema Inc.
    Inventors: Brett L. Van Horn, Maher Y. Elsheikh, Benjamin Bin Chen, Philippe Bonnet
  • Publication number: 20140336293
    Abstract: A blowing agent for thermosetting foams is disclosed. The blowing agent is the hydrofluoropropene HFO-1243zf in combination with a hydrochlorofluoroolefin (HCFO) selected from HCFO-1233zd, HCFO-1233xf and HCFO-1223. The blowing agent is effective as a blowing agent in the manufacture of thermosetting foams.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: Arkema Inc.
    Inventors: Benjamin Bin Chen, Joseph S. Costa, Brett L. Van Horn, Maher Y. Elsheikh, Philippe Bonnet
  • Publication number: 20140323605
    Abstract: The invention relates to stable emulsions for the production of foams based on isocyanate, at least comprising three polyols A1a, A1b and A1c as well as at least one physical blowing agent T, wherein A1a is a polyether polyol obtained by addition of epoxides to starter compounds selected from carbohydrates and di- or higher-functional alcohols, A1b is a polyether polyol started on an aromatic amine, and A1c is a polyester polyol obtained by esterification of a polycarboxylic acid component and a polyalcohol component, wherein the total amount of aromatic dicarboxylic acid derivatives used in the esterification, calculated on the basis of the free aromatic dicarboxylic acids and based on the total mass of polyalcohol component and polycarboxylic acid component, is less than or equal to 48.5% by mass.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Bayer Intellectual Property GmbH
    Inventors: Reinhard Albers, Torsten Heinemann, Stephanie Vogel, Hartmut Nefzger, Frank Otto
  • Patent number: 8859632
    Abstract: A foamed resin product having shape-formable properties, a method of using the same and a cushion material that is to be worn by the human body are provided. The foamed resin product (a flexible polyurethane foam, etc.) has a glass transition temperature, expressed as the temperature of the loss tangent peak, of 10° C. to 35° C., a loss tangent within this temperature range of 0.20 to 0.80, and, with respect to the storage elastic modulus (G?) within this temperature range, the ratio (G?max/G?min) of maximum value (G?max) to minimum value (G?min) of 3.0 to 30. The using method thereof has attaching a molded article made of the foamed resin product to the surface of the human body, and lowering the hardness of the molded article due to the heat transferred from the human body so as to deform the molded article by allowing to follow-up the shape of the body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: INOAC Corporation
    Inventors: Mitsuru Omoto, Minoru Kawarabayashi, Shunichi Hayashi
  • Publication number: 20140303269
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of preparing a bio-based thermosetting foam material with improved properties, in particular improved flame retardant properties, which method includes the steps of a) producing a prepolymer by condensation of at least one phenolic compound and formaldehyde in a ratio of 1:1.0 to 3.0 using 0.15 to 5 wt % of an alkaline catalyst in the temperature range of 50 to 100° C. until the refractive index of the reaction mixture is 1.4990 to 1.5020, b) adding 2 to 40 wt % of at least one natural polyphenol at a temperature of 50 to 100° C., c) adding 2 to 10 wt % of one or more emulsifiers and mixtures thereof, d) adding 2 to 10 wt % of one or more foaming agents and mixtures thereof and e) adding 10 to 20 wt % of a curing agent and f) curing. All wt % being related to the amount of the raw materials used.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: Momentive Specialty Chemicals Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel Dahlhaus, Gunda Kuhlmann, Rosel Bölke
  • Publication number: 20140288201
    Abstract: A one component precursor for the polymeric foam (OCF) composition comprising a very low amount of free monomeric MDI. The present OCF composition may be obtained without any free MDI removal step, and without the addition of extra solvent to compensate for the substantially lower amount of free MDI, compared with traditional compositions. The present composition comprises a source of free NCO of functionality of at least 2.6, a tri- or higher functional alcohol, all polyols being characterized by a rather low molecular weight and at least a specific mono-functional alcohol as well as an isocyanate end-capped prepolymer of toluene diisocyanate (=end capped TDI). The OCF composition is suitable for being dispensed from a pressurized can with a blowing agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 26, 2012
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventors: Aster De Schrijver, Joao Moura Bordado, Georgi Goerigev
  • Publication number: 20140283537
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions for use in refrigeration, air-conditioning, and heat pump systems wherein the composition comprises a fluoroolefin and at least one other component. The compositions of the present invention are useful in processes for producing cooling or heat, as heat transfer fluids, foam blowing agents, aerosol propellants, and fire suppression and fire extinguishing agents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2013
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Applicant: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: BARBARA HAVILAND MINOR, VELLIYUR NOTT MALLIKARJUNA RAO