Phosphorus Bonded Directly To Three Chalcogen Atoms Only, E.g., Phosphite, Etc. Patents (Class 524/128)
  • Publication number: 20070244230
    Abstract: The present invention relates to substances, crosslinkable by attachment of an Si-bonded hydrogen atom to an aliphatic multiple bond, which comprise at least one compound of the formula R3P(O)(OH)2 ??(III) and/or the derivatives thereof, R3 being an optionally substituted hydrocarbon radical which can be interrupted by heteroatoms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2007
    Publication date: October 18, 2007
    Applicant: WACKER CHEMIE AG
    Inventors: Torsten Sixt, Franz Neuhauser
  • Patent number: 7256228
    Abstract: A stabilized thermoplastic resin composition is disclosed which comprises structural units derived at least one substituted or unsubstituted polycarbonate, at least one substituted or unsubstituted polyester and a combination of at least two quenchers, wherein said quencher is selected from a group consisting of phosphorus compound, carboxylic acid, derivates of carboxylic acids, epoxy functional polymers and boron compound. Also disclosed is a stabilized thermoplastic resin composition comprising: structural units derived at least one substituted or unsubstituted polycarbonate, at least one substituted or unsubstituted polyester, an epoxy functional polymers and a combination of at least one quenchers, wherein said quencher is selected from a group consisting of phosphorus compounds, carboxylic acid compounds, polyols, and boron compounds. In addition the composition disclosed possess good optical properties, thermal properties and stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2007
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Parminder Agarwal, Peter H. Th. Vollenberg, Gabrie Hoogland, Vishvajit Chandrakant Juikar, Ganesh Kannan, Abbas-Alli Ghudubhai Shaikh, Sachin Ashok Shelukar
  • Patent number: 7238744
    Abstract: An article of manufacture comprises an ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) mixed with a processing oil and a lubricant selected from the group consisting of fatty acid esters, ethoxylated fatty acid esters, glycol esters, PEG esters, glycerol esters, ethoxylated esters, sorbitol esters, ethoxylated sorbitol esters, aromatic ethoxylates, alcohol ethoxylates, mercaptan ethoxylates, modified ethoxylates, amide surfactants, phosphate esters, phosphonate esters, phosphite esters, alkyl sulfates, fatty acid ethers, alkyl ether sulfates, alkylaryl ether sulfates, sulfonates, naphthalene sulfonates, sulfosuccinates, sulfonated esters, sulfonated amides, alkyl ether carboxylates, alkylaryl ether carboxylates, quaternary amines, amino quaternary amines, ethoxylated amines, imidazoline derivatives, betaines, sultaines, aminopropionate, catechol derivatives, saturated fatty acids, unsaturated fatty acids, and combinations thereof. The method for making those articles is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2007
    Assignee: Daramic, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph G. Yaritz, J. Kevin Whear
  • Patent number: 7223471
    Abstract: A composition comprising Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) with a reduced emission of acrolein is obtained by contacting Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) resin with an effective amount of a melt stable, organic stabilizing compound. Such PTT resin has an acrolein formation rate at 280° C. of less than 15 ppm/minute. Preferably the residual acrolein content of the PTT resin is less than 10 ppm. The additive organic stabilizing compounds are free from nitrogen atoms. Preferred additive compounds include polyfunctional alkohols, alcoholates, aromatic carboxylic acid anhydrides, carboxylic acids and salts of carboxylic acids. The additive compounds are added to the polymer in molten state and/or to the resin, which is then processed to fibers, filaments, non-wovens, films and/or mouldings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2007
    Assignee: Zimmer AG
    Inventors: Eckhard Seidel, Bernd Gemmel, Karl-Heinz Heldmann
  • Patent number: 7199181
    Abstract: A stabilizer composition is described and comprises a 2-cyano-3,3-diarylacrylate, a sterically hindered monomeric amine, a sterically hindered phenol and, where appropriate, a chromane derivative and/or an organic phosphite and/or phosphonite. The stabilizer composition is particularly suitable for stabilizing thermoplastic polyurethane with respect to light, oxygen, and heat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2007
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Thomas Heidenfelder, Manfred Appel
  • Patent number: 7179519
    Abstract: Polyimide/metal laminates having a polyimide film and a metal layer laminated thereon, wherein the polyimide film contains titanium element and flexible print wiring boards with the use of the same are disclosed. The polyimide/metal laminates are excellent in adhesion under the ordinary conditions and, moreover, can sustain the adhesive strength at a high ratio after exposure to high temperature or high temperature and high humidity. Owing to these characteristics, these polyimide/metal laminates are appropriately usable in flexible print wiring boards, multi-layered print wiring boards, rigid flex wiring boards, tapes for TAP, semiconductor packages such as CFOs and multi chip modules (MCMs), magnetic recording films, coating films for aerospace materials and filmy resistance elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2007
    Assignee: Kaneka Corporation
    Inventors: Masaru Nishinaka, Kiyokazu Akahori
  • Patent number: 7179854
    Abstract: A polyolfin composition having high resistance to degradation is formed of at least one polyolefin component, bis(2,4dicumylphenyl)pentaerythritol diphosphite, triisopropanolamine, a hydrotalcite component, and at least one phenol component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2007
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Mark K. Russell, David R. Battiste
  • Patent number: 7176252
    Abstract: A solid phosphite composite, having at least a portion in amorphous form, which includes at least one, preferably two or more phosphite antioxidants or alternatively at least one phosphite and at least one other polymer additive. The phosphites, at least one of which can initially be a liquid, are generally uniformly distributed since they are melt blended. A desired class of phosphites are the bis(arylalkylphenyl)pentaerythritol diphosphites, at least a portion of which is in amorphous form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2007
    Assignee: Dover Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Donald R. Stevenson, Satyan Kodali, Carroll W. Larke
  • Patent number: 7163977
    Abstract: Methods to decrease aldehyde content of a polymer are provided. An effective amount of an additive that contains a P—H functionality is incorporated into the polymer in the presence of an acidic of basic catalyst compositions are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2007
    Assignee: Plastic Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Mark Rule
  • Patent number: 7157511
    Abstract: The whiteness and stability after processing of a polyolefin have been found to be improved upon the addition of a combination of at least one high activity phosphite and at least one hydrolytically stable phosphite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2007
    Inventors: Rex L. Bobsein, Bryan E. Hauger, William R. Coutant, John Rathman
  • Patent number: 7138449
    Abstract: A polyester composition comprising from 90 to 97% by weight of at least one polyester derived from the condensation of 1,4-cyclohexane dimethanol and at least one dicarboxylic acid or an ester thereof, from 0.1 to 5% by weight of at least one primary anti-oxidant defined as an alkyl and/or alkyl peroxy radical scavenger, from 0.1 to 5% by weight of at least one secondary anti-oxidant defined as a compound capable of decomposing a hydroperoxide, from 1 to 4% by weight of at least one polyamide terpolymer. Utility of such a composition includes use in a monofilament yarn or fiber, use in a papermachine clothing including such a monofilament yarn or fiber and/or including the polyester composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2006
    Assignee: Voith Paper Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Craig Stuart Valentine, Heping Zhang, Sanjay Patel
  • Patent number: 7122588
    Abstract: The object of the present invention is to provide a golf ball having a paint film which is excellent in the adhesion, the durability and the coloring-resistance. The golf ball of the present invention comprises a paint film formed on the surface of a golf ball body, wherein the paint film contains 0.05 to 5 parts by mass of a phosphorus stabilizer with respect to 100 parts by mass of a resin component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2006
    Assignee: Sri Sports Limited
    Inventors: Koichi Fujisawa, Kazuhiko Isogawa
  • Patent number: 7119141
    Abstract: A thermoplastic resin molding composition comprising an alkylene aryl polyester, a core-shell impact modifier for enhancing heat resistance having a shell derived from an alkylacrylate and a rubbery acrylate core derived from an acrylate having 4 to 12 carbon atoms, an effective amount of a difunctional epoxy compound for enhancing hydrolysis resistance of the resin, and a combination of color enhancing stabilizers comprising a thioester stabilizer, a phosphite or phosphonite stabilizer and a hindered phenol stabilizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2006
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Sung Dug Kim, Robert Russell Gallucci, Sanjay Braj Mishra
  • Patent number: 7067569
    Abstract: The invention relates to a synergistic mixture comprising a) at least one compound selected from the group consisting of the phosphites of the formula (I) to (V), of the phosphonites of the formulae (VI) to (IX) and (XV), of the di/oligophosphonites of the formulae (X) and (XI) and of the phosphinites of the formulae (XII) to (XIV), and b) at least one compound selected from the group consisting of the phosphanes of the formula (XVI), the di/oligophosphanes of the formulae (XVII) and (XVIII), and of the cyclophosphanes of the formula (XIX), and also to a process for stabilizing polymers with respect to thermooxidative degradation by addition and incorporation of a synergistic mixture of this type.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2006
    Assignee: Clariant Finance (BVI) Limited
    Inventor: Peter Staniek
  • Patent number: 7067570
    Abstract: A one-part polysiloxane composition comprising a branched organopolysiloxane with vinyl groups bonded to silicon atoms, an organohydrogenpolysiloxane with at least two hydrogen atoms bonded to molecular chain terminal silicon atoms within each molecule, and a platinum based catalyst, together with an additional phosphite triester and an organic peroxide, is resistant to increases in viscosity, and does not gel, even on extended storage at room temperature. Even after storage, the characteristics of the cured gel product are unchanged. Accordingly, a composition of the present invention offers excellent long term storage stability at room temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2006
    Assignee: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masayuki Ikeno, Miyuki Tanaka, Kazuyasu Sato
  • Patent number: 7026381
    Abstract: The object of the present invention is to provide a one-piece golf ball having an improved repulsion and coloring-resistance, and showing a good adhesion to the paint film. The one-piece golf ball of the present invention comprises a golf ball body formed by vulcanizing a rubber composition and a paint film covering the golf ball body, wherein the rubber composition contains 0.05 to 10 parts by mass of a phosphorus stabilizer with respect to 100 parts by mass of the rubber component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2006
    Assignee: Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Koichi Fujisawa, Kazuhiko Isogawa
  • Patent number: 7009001
    Abstract: Provided is an aromatic polycarbonate resin composition which comprises 100 parts by mass of an aromatic polycarbonate resin and from 0.001 to 1 part by mass of an additional thermoplastic resin that differs from the aromatic polycarbonate resin in the refractive index by at least 0.001 and which is so designed that the ratio (X)/(Y) is at least 0.5 wherein (X) indicates the spectral transmittance at 320 nm through a sample plate of the resin composition having a thickness of 2 mm and (Y) indicates the spectral transmittance at 633 nm through it. Having realized further increase in the transparency of aromatic polycarbonate resin, the resin composition gives moldings of which the transparency is comparable to that of acrylic resin for optical use, and the resin moldings have good impact resistance and heat resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2006
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Kawato, Shigeki Kuze
  • Patent number: 6995200
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a stabilizer composition comprising a) at least one sterically hindered phenol, b) at least one phosphorus-containing secondary antioxidant, and c) at least one Leucine compound, wherein the weight ratio of component (a) to component (b) to component (c) is from 1:5:3 to 1:0,5:0,1 for the stabilization of polyolefine-based thermoplastic polymers against degradation, crosslinking and/or discoloration due to the exposure to heat and/or light, especially in the presence of oxygen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2006
    Assignee: Clariant Finance (BVI) Limited
    Inventor: Christoph Kröhnke
  • Patent number: 6986864
    Abstract: Disclosed are certain novel polyester compositions particularly useful for shaping or forming into containers and similar shaped articles by thermoforming procedures. The polyester compositions comprise a thermoplastic polyester, an impact modifier and a polyester crystallization rate enhancing component selected from poly(tetramethylene terephthalate) homo- and co-polymers. The polyester compositions exhibit improved crystallization rates as compared to similar compositions not including impact modifier or compositions using other types of crystallization rate enhancing components such as polyolefin-based polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2006
    Inventor: David Scott Porter
  • Patent number: 6964746
    Abstract: The invention relates to mixtures of phosphonite (component A) and/or an ester and/or salt of a long-chain fatty acid (component B), and/or a carboxylic ester, and/or carboxylic amide (component C), and also to their use in polyamides or in polyesters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2005
    Assignee: Clariant GmbH
    Inventors: Elke Schlosser, Wolfgang Wanzke, Christian Lechner
  • Patent number: 6956072
    Abstract: To provide a resin composition, in which a liquid crystal polymer is made into fiber in a molded article to exhibit an extremely high reinforcing effect which has not been available yet, and from which a molded article having an excellent mechanical strength can be manufactured in a stable manner. That is, a thermoplastic resin composition, wherein 100 parts by weight in total consisting of 99-50 parts by weight of a thermoplastic polyester resin (A) not forming an anisotropic molten phase and 1-50 parts by weight of a liquid crystal polymer (B) capable of forming an anisotropic molten phase is blended with 0.001-2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2005
    Assignee: Polyplastics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Keiichi Kanaka, Toshio Shiwaku, Mineo Ohtake
  • Patent number: 6949596
    Abstract: A flame resistant anti-electrostatic polycarbonate composition that is chlorine- and bromine-free is disclosed. Good melt flowability and low tendency to juicing, coupled with its good mechanical and thermal properties make the composition especially suitable for injection molding. The composition finds use in the production of a variety of molded articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2005
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Andreas Seidel, Thomas Eckel, Michael Zobel, Dieter Wittmann, Manfred Dietrich
  • Patent number: 6930137
    Abstract: An improved method of manufacturing blown polyolefin films with increased bubble stability and higher blown film production rates is disclosed. A method in which the amounts and ratios of known antioxidant polymer film additives (phosphites and phenolics) are controlled to provide limited long chain branching (LCB) and greater rheological breadth in a polyethylene melt to improve both processing characteristics and mechanical properties in the resulting film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2005
    Assignee: Fina Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael McLeod, Nguong van Nguyen, Gerhard Guenther, Tim J. Coffy, Rodolfo Mier Martinez
  • Patent number: 6906122
    Abstract: The present invention provides thermoplastic polycarbonate blends which contain phosphonate amines and special graft polymers, which are prepared using redox initiator systems, and which are characterised by improved mechanical properties such as notched impact resistance, weld line strength and stress crack resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2005
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Michael Zobel, Thomas Eckel, Torsten Derr, Dieter Wittmann
  • Patent number: 6902695
    Abstract: A process for the production of polyolefin hollow articles comprises charging the polyolefin with a stabilizer combination comprising (a) at least one compound from the group of the organic phosphites or phosphonites, (b) one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of i.) hydroxylamine derivatives and ii.) amine oxide derivatives and (c) at least one compound from the group of the hindered amine stabilizers, filling this mixture into a mold, heating this mold in an oven to above 280° C., such that the stabilized polyolefin fuses, rotating the mold around at least 2 axes, the plastic spreading to the walls, and cooling the mold while still rotating, opening it and taking the resultant hollow article out.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2005
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: Urs Leo Stadler
  • Patent number: 6897250
    Abstract: An automobile interior or exterior trim material which is formed of a thermoplastic elastomer composition containing 100 parts by weight of a thermoplastic elastomer and 0.001-10 parts by weight of an alkyl benzoate compound of the following formula (I): wherein each of R1 and R2 is a hydrogen atom, a C1-C8 alkyl or cycloalky; grout, or a C6-C12 aryl, alkylaryl, or arylalkyl group; and R3 is a C1-C30 alkyl group. The interior or exterior trim material of the invention has improved weather resistance and resistance to weather-induced coloring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2005
    Assignee: Asahi Denka Kogyo K. K.
    Inventors: Yuko Takahashi, by, Toshinori Yukino, Mitsuru Fukushima, Masayuki Takahashi
  • Patent number: 6887926
    Abstract: A composition, and a method of using the composition, are described which composition comprising: (A) at least one chlorinated polyvinyl chloride or mixture of at least one polyvinyl-chloride and at least one chlorinated polyvinyl-chloride thereof; (B) at least one volatile organic liquid which is a solvent for the polymer of (A); and (C) a stabilizer comprising (i) an organophosphite compound, at least one hindered phenol, at least one of an organotin compound or mixtures thereof, and (ii) at least one metal-containing carbonate salt. The composition and methods of the present invention act to retard the loss of chlorine from the resins of the adhesive compositions and to absorb or otherwise inactive any lost chlorine. The compositions of the invention are useful in a variety of applications including use as adhesives, cements (including solvent cements) glues or pastes for holding together materials by surface attachment, and as sealants which are load-bearing elastic jointing and insulating materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2005
    Assignee: Oatey Co.
    Inventors: Amrit K. Parhar, Charles N. Bush
  • Patent number: 6872764
    Abstract: Certain essentially phenol antioxidant-free stabilizer systems that comprise either a binary hindered amine/hydroxylamine or nitrone or amine oxide or benzofuranone system or a ternary hindered amine/hydroxylamine or nitrone or amine oxide or benzofuranone/organic phosphite or phosphonite system are especially effective towards protecting polyolefins against the deleterious effects of gamma irradiation. Polyolefin articles such as medical packaging, hospital garments, draperies, woven and non-woven fiber products, surgery utensils, blow-molded I.V. bottles, hypodermic syringes, needle shields, laboratory ware such as trays, funnels, Petri dishes and filters, and hygiene related articles may be sterilized with gamma irradiation and are stabilized according to the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2005
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: Roswell E. King, III
  • Patent number: 6855756
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a soft polypropylene resin having a melt index falling in a specific range, prepared by melting and kneading a substantial propylene homopolymer or a propylene copolymer composition each having specific properties in the presence of a radical-generating agent. According to the present invention, capable of being provided at a good productivity is a soft polypropylene resin which is useful as an alternative for a polyvinyl chloride resin in the fields of films, sheets, construction materials and the like and which is excellent in fluidity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2005
    Assignee: Idemitsu Petrochemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinichi Yukimasa, Masato Kijima
  • Patent number: 6846859
    Abstract: The present invention includes a polyolefin composition having reduced coloration with aging. The polyolefin composition comprises at least one polyolefin, an effective amount of a primary phenolic antioxidant to promote long term thermal stability of the polymer composition, and an effective amount of a phosphite processing stabilizer to promote thermal stability of the polymer composition during melt processing. The polymer composition further comprises an effective amount of a sacrificial phosphite antioxidant to reduce the yellowness index of the polymer composition. The sacrificial phosphite antioxidant and the phosphite processing stabilizer are not the same compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2005
    Assignee: Fina Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Tim J. Coffy, Steven D. Gray, Gerhard K. Guenther
  • Patent number: 6846860
    Abstract: A biodegradable plastic composition enabling to stably adjust biodegradation rate, improve hydrolysis resistance and heat resistance, and retain transparency, molded articles thereof and a method for controlling biodegradation rate of the biodegradable plastic. In more detail, a biodegradable plastic composition, characterized in that said composition is made by compounding 100 parts by weight of a biodegradable plastic (A), in particular, an aliphatic type polyester with 0.01 to 5 parts by weight of a carbodiimide compound (B) and 0.01 to 3 parts by weight of an antioxidant (C), in particular, a hindered phenol type antioxidant with a molecular weight of not less than 400 alone or mixed antioxidants of said hindered phenol type antioxidant and a phosphite type antioxidant, a molded article thereof and a method for controlling biodegradation rate of the biodegradable plastic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2005
    Assignee: Nisshinbo Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Ikuo Takahashi, Hirotaka Iida, Norimasa Nakamura, Tsuyoshi Takeuchi
  • Patent number: 6843948
    Abstract: A vinylidene fluoride resin composition which is stable to heat at molding temperatures and is free from foaming and coloration, and molded products made by forming the vinylidene fluoride resin composition are provided. The vinylidene fluoride resin composition may comprise 100 parts by weight of a vinylidene fluoride homopolymer; 2-20 parts by weight of a polyester plasticizer; 0.01-0.5 parts by weight of a phosphite compound; and a phenol compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2005
    Assignee: Kureha Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seiichi Ohira, Kazuyuki Munakata, Toshiya Mizuno, Nobuyuki Masumura
  • Patent number: 6824711
    Abstract: The invention relates to a liquid polymer additive composition comprising at least one phosphite ester selected from the group consisting of aryl phosphites, alkyl phosphites, aryl/alkyl phosphites, bisphenol-A phosphites, dialkylene glycol phosphites and polydialkylene glycol phosphites, pentaerythritol phosphites, p-cumyl phenol phosphites and blends thereof and approximately from 50 to 800 ppm inclusive of zinc per 100 parts resin. The stabilizer is used as either a complete or a partial replacement of toxic-metal containing antioxidant stabilizer additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2004
    Assignee: Dover Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Don R. Stevenson, Thomas C. Jennings, Mark E. Harr, Michael R. Jakupca
  • Patent number: 6822038
    Abstract: An aqueous coating material comprising A) at least one polyester that is water-soluble or water-dispersible, B) at least one polyurethane acrylate that is water-soluble or water-dispersible, C) at least one amino resin that is itself water-soluble or water-dispersible or is water-soluble or water-dispersible in the presence of the polyester and the polyurethane acrylate, D) at least one of a color pigment, an effect pigment, a color and effect pigment, and a filler, and E) optionally at least one polyisocyanate. Also, processes for preparing and using the aqueous coating material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Assignee: BASF Coatings AC
    Inventors: Lutz-Werner Gross, Ludwig Moorkamp, Heinz-Ulrich Grumpe, Ulrich Poth
  • Patent number: 6818293
    Abstract: Disclosed are fibers and films prepared from polyesters of a dicarboxylic acid, preferably terephthalic acid, and a diol selected from 1,3-cyclohexanedimethanol, 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol, or 1,3-propanediol. The fibers and films contain a multifunctional epoxide additive and, optionally, an antioxidant, and show an increased dry heat stability when exposed to elevated temperatures in the presence of air while preserving excellent hydrolytic stability. Also disclosed is a process for stabilizing polyester fibers by melt blending a polyester and epoxide additive and melt spinning. The fibers and films are particularly useful in applications requiring elevated temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2004
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Gerald Timothy Keep, William Alston Haile, Mark Elliott Tincher
  • Publication number: 20040198879
    Abstract: Expanded granules or a moulded article made therefrom, based on semicrystalline propylene polymer comprising, per 100 parts by weight, less than 0.035 parts by weight of volatile compounds and processes for its preparation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2003
    Publication date: October 7, 2004
    Inventors: Emmanuel Michel Delaite, Herve Joseph Gislain Cuypers
  • Publication number: 20040180994
    Abstract: This invention relates to a polyolefin composition comprising (A) at least one polyolefin prepared in the presence of at least one Ziegler Natta; (B) a salt comprising at least one suitable phosphorus-containing acid and at least one suitable basic organic compound, such as a hindered amine light stabilizer; (C) at least one phenolic species selected from one or more phenolic compounds selected from phenolic antioxidants and ultraviolet light absorbers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2003
    Publication date: September 16, 2004
    Inventors: Jason Clay Pearson, Douglas Stephens McWilliams, Gether Irick, Max Allen Weaver
  • Publication number: 20040171724
    Abstract: The present invention provides polyolefin household articles exhibiting enhanced stain resistance. The household articles according to the current invention include housewares, such as bowls, cups, containers and utensils, as well as, components for household appliances such as: dishwashers, washing machines and refrigerators. The household articles according to the current invention comprise a polypropylene homopolymer or impact copolymer having enhanced resistance to staining on contact with food or other articles soiled with food. The articles according to the current invention attained enhanced stain resistance through a combination of control of the properties of the propylene polymers and balance of additives.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 29, 2003
    Publication date: September 2, 2004
    Inventors: Steven D. Seip, Edwin B. Townsend, Sehyun Kim, Leslie A. Bockman
  • Patent number: 6770693
    Abstract: This invention discloses blends of phosphites comprising bis-(2,4-dicumylphenyl) pentaerythritol diphosphite and hindered phenol antioxidants useful as stabilizers against thermooxidative degradation of polymers during melt processing. Polymer compositions comprising the blends show improved resistance to thermooxidative degradation during melt processing as measured by melt flow index and yellowness index.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2004
    Assignee: Dove Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Daryl Stein, Don R. Stevenson, Satyan R. Kodali, Marc Nolen
  • Patent number: 6767941
    Abstract: A halogen-free, flame-retardant composition includes (1) organic phosphorus compound (A) and (1′) melamine or a compound derived from melamine (B); or (2) a melamine-phosphorus compound (AB). The composition also includes and olefin polymer and from 0.1-30 wt % based on the olefin polymer, of a compound containing acid, acid anhydride or epoxy groups. The flame-retardant composition may included in a polycondensate composition which incorporate the flame-retardant composition is substantially shortened.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2004
    Assignee: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Pieter A. Van Der Spek, Martinus L. M. Bos, William A. C. Roovers, Marnix Van Gurp, Henrica N. A. M. Menting
  • Patent number: 6759461
    Abstract: A novel antioxidant has the advantages of both the hindered phenols and the phosphite antioxidant is prepared from phosphorus trichloride and 2,5-di-tert-butylhydroquinone, such as tetrakis-(2,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-2,5-di-tert-butyl-hydroquinonediyl diphosphite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2004
    Assignee: Chung-Shan Institute of Science & Technology
    Inventors: Tseng-Rong Wu, Pin-Yang Yu, Yi-Chin Lin, Te-Chuan Chang
  • Patent number: 6753365
    Abstract: A composition useful in the manufacturing of plastic cookware includes a polyetherimide resin and an acidic additive selected from the group consisting of aliphatic carboxylic acids having a vapor pressure less than one atmosphere at 300° C., aromatic carboxylic acids having a vapor pressure less than one atmosphere at 300° C., and combinations comprising at least one of the foregoing acidic additives. In one embodiment, the composition further comprises an additional resin, such as a polyester resin. The acidic additive is effective in improving the mold release and increasing the melt flow of the composition. Articles including the composition and a method for preparing the composition are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2004
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Sterling Bruce Brown, Jennifer L. David, Robert Russell Gallucci, Yimin Jin, Martin J. Lindway
  • Publication number: 20040063826
    Abstract: The invention provides a compounded mixture of a chloride-containing vinyl polymer and a stabilizer component, the stabilizer component including a stabilizer and a diluent, wherein the diluent includes a monohydric alcohol having 12 or more carbon atoms. Also provided is a method of compounding a chloride-containing vinyl polymer including the steps of (a) identifying a stabilizer component, (b) determining a Volatile Organic Compound Emission Factor for a chloride-containing vinyl polymer that includes the stabilizer component, and (c) using information determined in step b) to formulate a chloride-containing vinyl polymer composition that, when formulated, has a 96-hour Volatile Organic Compound Emission Factor of 1,000 &mgr;g/m2/hour or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2002
    Publication date: April 1, 2004
    Inventors: Robert T. Sobieski, Daniel C. Gottschalk
  • Publication number: 20040048958
    Abstract: A high temperature ultra high molecular weight polyethylene material that has a molecular weight between about 4,000,000 and about 8,000,000. The high temperature UHMW-PE material contains between about 99.0 weight percent and about 99.8 weight percent of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene, and between about 0.2 weight percent and about 1.0 weight percent stabilizer. The stabilizer includes between about 48 weight percent and about 52 weight percent tris (2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphite, and between about 48.0 weight percent and about 52 weight percent tetrakis [methylene 3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl) propionate] methane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 6, 2002
    Publication date: March 11, 2004
    Inventor: David A. Didier
  • Publication number: 20040024095
    Abstract: The present invention provides polyolefin compositions that are UV stable and suitable for articles that may be exposed to sunlight. The present invention provides, in one aspect, a polyolefin homopolymer or copolymer comprising, by weight of the polyolefin: (a) from 0.001 to 2 wt % hindered amine; (b) from 0.001 to 1 wt % ethoxylated amine; and (c) from 0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2003
    Publication date: February 5, 2004
    Inventor: Daniel Vaillant
  • Patent number: 6686401
    Abstract: Liquid composition polymerizable, by means of radicalic polymerization, into organic glass, comprising the product obtained from the transesterification of a mixture of diallyl carbonate (A) and a phthalic ester (B), with one or more polyols (C), linear or branced, containing from two to eight carbon atoms in the molecule.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2004
    Assignee: Great Lakes Chemical (Europe) GmbH
    Inventors: Fiorenzo Renzi, Andrea Bendandi, Roberto Forestieri
  • Publication number: 20040014852
    Abstract: A novel antioxidant has the advantages of both the hindered phenols and the phosphite antioxidant is prepared from phosphorus trichloride and 2,5-di-tert-butylhydroquinone, such as tetrakis-(2,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-2,5-di-tert-butyl-hydroquinonediyl diphosphite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2002
    Publication date: January 22, 2004
    Applicant: Chung-Shan Institute of Science & Technology
    Inventors: Tseng-Rong Wu, Pin-Yang Yu, Yi-Chin Lin, Te-Chuan Chang
  • Patent number: 6680351
    Abstract: A polyolefin composition having high resistance to degradation, said composition formed by combining components comprising at least one polyolefin component produced from a transition metal halide catalyst, bis(2,4-dicumylphenyl)pentaerythritol diphosphite, triisopropanolamine, a hydrotalcite component, and at least one phenol component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2004
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventors: Mark K. Russell, David R. Battiste
  • Patent number: 6664317
    Abstract: Certain essentially phenol antioxidant-free stabilizer systems that comprise either a binary hindered amine/hydroxylamine or nitrone or amine oxide or benzofuranone system or a ternary hindered amine/hydroxylamine or nitrone or amine oxide or benzofuranone/organic phosphite or phosphonite system are especially effective towards protecting polyolefins against the deleterious effects of gamma irradiation. Polyolefin articles such as medical packaging, hospital garments, draperies, woven and non-woven fiber products, surgery utensils, blow-molded I.V. bottles, hypodermic syringes, needle shields, laboratory ware such as trays, funnels, Petri dishes and filters, and hygiene related articles may be sterilized with gamma irradiation and are stabilized according to the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2003
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: Roswell E. King, III
  • Publication number: 20030225194
    Abstract: The present invention includes a polyolefin composition having reduced coloration with aging. The polyolefin composition comprises at least one polyolefin, an effective amount of a primary phenolic antioxidant to promote long term thermal stability of the polymer composition, and an effective amount of a phosphite processing stabilizer to promote thermal stability of the polymer composition during melt processing. The polymer composition further comprises an effective amount of a sacrificial phosphite antioxidant to reduce the yellowness index of the polymer composition. The sacrificial phosphite antioxidant and the phosphite processing stabilizer are not the same compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2002
    Publication date: December 4, 2003
    Inventors: Tim J. Coffy, Steven D. Gray, Gerhard K. Guenther