With Nitrogen-containing Additive Dnrm Patents (Class 524/61)
  • Patent number: 8993657
    Abstract: An acid modified asphalt binder is combined with an emulsifier solution to produce an emulsified asphalt binder. The acid modified asphalt binder may be formed by combining an asphalt binder, a phosphorous-based acid, and, optionally, a polymer modifier. The emulsifier solution may be produced by forming an aqueous solution of an amine and a phosphorous-based acid, which forms an aqueous solution comprising an amine phosphate. The emulsified asphalt binder may be combined with an aggregate to form a paving material. In other examples, the emulsified asphalt binder may be used alone, for example in a chip seal application, or in a diluted form, for example in a fog seal application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: A.L.M. Holding Company
    Inventors: Gaylon L. Baumgardner, Gerald H. Reinke
  • Publication number: 20150080504
    Abstract: One embodiment provides a process for preparing an asphalt-coated crumb rubber composition that meets the specification set forth in ASTM D80-02 or deviations thereof which may be established by the specifying agency from time to time. The process generally comprises obtaining asphalt of different penetration grades, combining the asphalt of each grade with preselected chemicals to form separate premixed components, blending the premixed components together under predetermined conditions to form, upon curing, an asphalt-coated crumb rubber composition that meets certain physical requirements for asphalt-rubber binder (ARB), such as those set forth in ASTM D8-02. Advantageously, the resulting asphalt-coated crumb rubber composition not only meets the physical requirements of ARB used in road paving but also has improved dispersion of the rubber, such as dispersion of the rubber in an oil-in-water emulsion of an asphalt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventor: William B. Coe
  • Patent number: 8926742
    Abstract: One embodiment provides a process for preparing an asphalt-coated crumb rubber composition that meets the specification set forth in ASTM D80-02 or deviations thereof which may be established by the specifying agency from time to time. The process generally comprises obtaining asphalt of different penetration grades, combining the asphalt of each grade with preselected chemicals to form separate premixed components, blending the premixed components together under predetermined conditions to form, upon curing, an asphalt-coated crumb rubber composition that meets certain physical requirements for asphalt-rubber binder (ARB), such as those set forth in ASTM D8-02. Advantageously, the resulting asphalt-coated crumb rubber composition not only meets the physical requirements of ARB used in road paving but also has improved dispersion of the rubber, such as dispersion of the rubber in an oil-in-water emulsion of an asphalt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Inventor: William B. Coe
  • Publication number: 20140329938
    Abstract: One embodiment provides a process for preparing an asphalt-coated crumb rubber composition that meets the specification set forth in ASTM D80-02 or deviations thereof which may be established by the specifying agency from time to time. The process generally comprises obtaining asphalt of different penetration grades, combining the asphalt of each grade with preselected chemicals to form separate premixed components, blending the premixed components together under predetermined conditions to form, upon curing, an asphalt-coated crumb rubber composition that meets certain physical requirements for asphalt-rubber binder (ARB), such as those set forth in ASTM D8-02. Advantageously, the resulting asphalt-coated crumb rubber composition not only meets the physical requirements of ARB used in road paving but also has improved dispersion of the rubber, such as dispersion of the rubber in an oil-in-water emulsion of an asphalt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Inventor: William B. Coe
  • Patent number: 8575251
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a method comprising reducing the size of elastomeric particles in the presence of a liquid, wherein said liquid comprises an antidegradant and optionally a surfactant. Further provided is a method comprising bringing elastomeric particles into contact with a liquid, wherein said liquid comprises an antidegradant and, optionally, a surfactant. Also provided is an elastomeric particle that is created from an original elastomeric piece, where said elastomeric particle has an antidegradant concentration greater than that of the original elastomeric piece. Further provided is a rubber composition comprising the elastomeric particle. Additionally, the disclosure provides a tire containing a rubber composition that comprises the elastomeric particle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Bridgestone Americas Tire Operations, LLC
    Inventor: Michael S. James
  • Patent number: 8444760
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to bituminous compositions and methods of producing the same. More particularly, the disclosure relates to the production of bituminous compositions formulated with performance-graded bitumen-containing solvent-free bitumen emulsions which exhibit controllable, temperature-dependent interfacial rheology. When employed in paving applications, these bituminous compositions develop adhesive strength and load-bearing strength properties at rates comparable to traditional hot mix paving compositions and at rates faster than traditional cold mix paving compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: MeadWestvaco Corporation
    Inventors: Everett Crews, Tom Girardeau, Iain Jack
  • Publication number: 20130096240
    Abstract: This invention encompasses asphalt cement emulsions, as well as methods for preparing a pre-treated rubber-modified asphalt cement emulsions and methods for coating industrial surfaces using asphalt cement emulsions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2012
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Applicant: WRIGHT ADVANCED ASPHALT SYSTEMS
    Inventor: Wright Advanced Asphalt Systems
  • Patent number: 8202922
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to a method of preparing crosslinked bitumen/polymer compositions having reduced emissions of hydrogen sulphide, in which, while operating at temperatures between 100° C. and 230° C. and with stirring, for a duration of at least ten minutes, at least one bitumen or mixture of bitumens is brought into contact with at least one polymer and at least one crosslinking agent, said crosslinking agent being represented by the general formula HS—R—SH where R represents a saturated or unsaturated, linear or branched, cyclic and/or aromatic hydrocarbon-based group having 2 to 40 carbon atoms, optionally comprising one or more heteroatoms, and that does not comprise a C?O carbonyl function and/or a O—C?O carboxylate function.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Assignee: Total Raffinage Marketing
    Inventors: Romuald Botel, Sylvia Dreessen, Pierre Chaverot, Charlotte Godivier
  • Patent number: 8197588
    Abstract: Suggested is the use of amides and/or polyamides obtainable by condensation of (a) mono- and/or dicarboxylic acids and (b) amines and/or polyamines as auxiliary agents for aqueous asphalt and bitumen compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2012
    Assignee: Cognia IP Management GmbH
    Inventors: Joaquin Bigorra Llosas, Ramon Valls, Stéphanie Merlet, Jean-Pierre Molitor
  • Publication number: 20120095138
    Abstract: This invention encompasses asphalt cement emulsions, as well as methods for preparing a pre-treated rubber-modified asphalt cement emulsions and methods for coating industrial surfaces using asphalt cement emulsions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2011
    Publication date: April 19, 2012
    Applicant: Wright Advanced Asphalt Systems
    Inventor: Theodore P. Flanigan
  • Patent number: 8088210
    Abstract: A bituminous composition including, based on total weight of the bituminous composition, (a) hard bitumen in an amount of 0.5% to 7.5% by weight, the hard bitumen being characterized by a penetration number of 100 dmm or less at 25° C. as determined according to the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Method T49; (b) emulsifier in an amount of 0.0005% to 0.2% by weight, wherein the emulsifier has a Hildebrand solubility parameter of at least 19 (MPa)1/2; (c) water; and (d) aggregate in an amount of 90% to 99% by weight, the aggregate having an aggregate surface that is wetted with the hard bitumen, wherein the bituminous composition is at a temperature ranging from 50° C. to 140° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Assignee: MeadWestvaco Corporation
    Inventors: Everett Crews, Tom Girardeau, Iain Jack
  • Patent number: 8026300
    Abstract: The invention relates to watery resin dispersions, a process for their manufacture, and a product. To make available resin dispersions that do not pollute the environment during their processing, while simultaneously generating products that have a high glass transition temperature, it is suggested that the watery resin dispersion contain at least components (I), (II) and (III), whereby R1: unsubstituted single or polynuclear aromatic rest or with amino groups and/or cyano groups and/or nitrile groups and/or with saturated and/or unsaturated aliphatic C2 to C12 carbon chains substituted single or polynuclear aromatic rests R2, R3 and R4: hydrogen, alkyl residue group with up to 15 C atoms or aromatic rest whereby R2, R3 and R4 can be equal to or different from each other, (II) is a co-dispersion agent based on epoxide resins and/or novolak resins and (II) one surfactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2011
    Assignee: Momentive Specialty Chemicals Inc.
    Inventors: Carsten Romahn, Michael Schwab, Gunda Kuhlmann, Peter Stracke
  • Patent number: 7972429
    Abstract: This invention relates to bituminous compositions and methods of producing the same. More particularly, the invention relates to the production of bituminous compositions formulated with performance-graded bitumen-containing solvent-free bitumen emulsions which exhibit controllable, temperature-dependent interfacial rheology. When employed in paving applications, these bituminous compositions develop adhesive strength and load-bearing strength properties at rates comparable to traditional hot mix paving compositions and at rates faster than traditional cold mix paving compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2011
    Assignee: MeadWestvaco Corporation
    Inventors: Everett Crews, Tom Girardeau, Iain Jack
  • Patent number: 7951857
    Abstract: The present invention relates to bituminous compositions suitable for use in paving applications containing water-in-oil bitumen dispersion of paving grade bitumen such as penetration-graded, viscosity-graded and/or penetration-graded varieties that is substantially free of volatile solvents and made by controlling temperature-dependent interfacial rheology through the use of selected surfactants. The invention paving compositions are suitable for use in the construction of load-bearing, high-traffic pavements at a temperature range lower than that required for conventional hot-mix bituminous paving compositions, yet with similar or superior compaction to densities property and at least equal cure rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2011
    Assignee: MeadWestvaco Corporation
    Inventors: Everett Crews, Tom Girardeau, Iain Jack
  • Patent number: 7491756
    Abstract: The present invention relates to multi-part coating compositions that comprise a first part which is an asphalt emulsion comprising water, asphalt, and a dispersion system and a second part which is a liquid polymer composition that lacks water. The asphalt emulsion and liquid polymer composition are combined in situ to provide a coating that has fast dry characteristics, and that quickly develops good water-resistance. Such compositions are useful as coatings on metal, wood, and other surfaces, where fast drying characteristics are important. Such compositions are particularly useful as coatings on substrates where early water-resistance of the coating is important, such as those surfaces which are routinely exposed to the outdoors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2009
    Assignee: TREMCO Incorporated
    Inventors: Pamela Hernandez, Stephen Robert Peters
  • Publication number: 20080114099
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to bituminous emulsions comprising bitumen, water, one or more emulsifiers and a block copolymer composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2007
    Publication date: May 15, 2008
    Applicant: KRATON POLYMERS US LLC
    Inventors: Robert Q. Kluttz, Keith E. Stephens, Willem C. Vonk, Jan Korenstra
  • Patent number: 7297204
    Abstract: There is provided a method for making bituminous compositions comprising water-in-oil bituminous dispersion and aggregate by the steps of: preparing a solvent-free, water-in-oil bituminous dispersion comprising: (1) bitumen, in an amount from about 75.0% to about 95.0% by total weight of the bitumen dispersion; (2) a surfactant in an amount from about 0.05% to about 2.0% by total weight of the bitumen dispersion; and (3) water in an amount to complete the water-in-oil bituminous dispersion, and producing the bituminous composition having a temperature from about 50° C. to about 120° C. by mixing: (1) the water-in-oil bituminous dispersion of step (A), having a temperature from about 75° C. to about 95° C., in an amount from about 2.0% to about 10.0% by total weight of the bituminous composition, and (2) aggregate, having a temperature from about 60° C. to about 140° C., in an amount from about 90.0% to about 98.0% by total weight of the bituminous composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2007
    Assignee: MeadWestvaco Corporation
    Inventors: Everett Crews, Tom E. Girardeau, Iain Jack
  • Patent number: 7087665
    Abstract: Cationic aqueous emulsions of rubber modified asphalt cement (RMAC) useable for paving, seal coat, slurry seal, roofing, coating and other applications. First, a RMAC is prepared by combining 45 to 90% by weight asphalt with about 5% to about 55% by weight solid recycled rubber (e.g., crumb rubber from used vehicle tires) under conditions that cause at least a substantial portion of the solid rubber to become liquified or otherwise incorporated into the asphalt. The RMAC may be treated with dodecyl benzenesulfonic acid (DDBSA) which causes reaction(s) to occur and results in a lowering of the viscosity of the RMAC. The RMAC (or DDBSA-treated RMAC) may then be emulsified in an aqueous medium to provide an aqueous emulsion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2006
    Assignee: RAM Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Laurence M. Sylvester, Jimmy Lee Stevens
  • Patent number: 7084195
    Abstract: A latex composition includes (i) 100 parts by mass (in terms of a solid content) of an anionic latex containing, as a main component, a conjugate diene copolymer containing (A) 55 to 99.99% by mass of a conjugate diene unit, (B) 0.01 to 5% by mass of an unsaturated carboxylic acid unit, (C) 0 to 44.99% by mass of an aromatic vinyl compound unit, and (D) 0 to 40% by mass of another unsaturated compound unit copolymerizable therewith, (ii) 0.1 to 20 parts by mass of a nonionic surfactant, and (iii) 0.1 to 10 parts by mass of a cationic surfactant. The latex composition has both of an excellent compatibility with an asphalt and a strong adhesiveness to an aggregate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2006
    Assignee: JSR Corporation
    Inventor: Ginpei Suzuki
  • Patent number: 7053130
    Abstract: Provided is a method for accelerating the biodegradation of aliphatic-aromatic co-polyesters comprising greater than 60 mol percent aromatic acid, based on total diacid in the co-polyester. The method involves contacting at least one hydrolytic enzyme in aqueous solution to the co-polyester.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Assignee: E. I . du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Vasantha Nagarajan
  • Patent number: 6982291
    Abstract: A chemical composition and method for enhancing the physical properties of a materials. The composition may be used as a material conditioner and stabilizer is disclosed. The chemical composition may include a resin, a polymer, an emulsifier and an asphalt emulsion. The method of treating the material may include the steps of applying a chemical composition comprising a vinyl acrylic polymer, a styrene-butadiene copolymer, an anionic emulsifier and an asphalt emulsion. The materials treated may include soil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2006
    Assignee: Desin, LP
    Inventor: Andrew Desin
  • Patent number: 6855754
    Abstract: An asphalt-based, cold paving/coating formulation that provides increased flexibility with respect to the choice of aggregate types, asphalt emulsion types, type and amount of the surfactants used to produce the asphalt emulsion, asphalt emulsion pH's and application temperature's than conventional cold paving/coating formulations while providing good mix times and curing behavior. The asphalt-based formulation can be formed by mixing water; an asphalt emulsion; at least one first compound in aqueous solution selected from the group consisting of alkali metal salts, alkali metal hydroxides, ammonium salts, and ammonium hydroxide; at least one second compound in aqueous solution selected from the group consisting of Group IIA salts, Group IIIA salts, Group IIIB salts, copper salts, zinc salts, cadmium salts, manganese salts, iron salts, cobalt salts, and nickel salts; and optionally aggregate. Also, a method of preparing an asphalt-based formulation using these components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2005
    Assignee: BASF AG
    Inventors: Koichi Takamura, Babak Golzar, Vanessa Adams, Patrick J. Mormile
  • Patent number: 6384112
    Abstract: A bitumen emulsion comprising bituminous binder, emulsifier, and water. The bituminous binder comprises bitumen and an oxidised wax, and optionally one or more polymers. The incorporation of the oxidised wax into the bituminous binder provides modified bitumen with both a high softening point and a low enough viscosity to allow it to be emulsified. The emulsion may be used as a tack coat in applying a waterproofing layer to a roof base. The emulsion may be made using a static mixing emulsion process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2002
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventor: Nadjib Boussad
  • Publication number: 20020040078
    Abstract: The invention relates to the use of acetalized vinyl alcohol polymers with a molecular weight Mw greater than 100 000 as thickeners, the thickeners being obtained by acetalizing partially or fully hydrolyzed vinyl acetate homopolymers, or partially or fully hydrolyzed vinyl acetate copolymers which, besides vinyl acetate units, also contain comonomer units which derive from one or more comonomers selected from the group consisting of 1-(C1-5) alkylvinyl esters of C1-5 carboxylic acids, allyl esters, vinyl esters of alpha-branched C1-12 carboxylic acids, and C1-8-alkyl (meth)acrylates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2001
    Publication date: April 4, 2002
    Applicant: Wacker-Chemie GmbH
    Inventors: Bernd Kayser, Andreas Bacher, Werner Bauer, Ulf Dietrich, Marion Schmitz, Harald Zeh, Theo Mayer
  • Patent number: 6331203
    Abstract: An aqueous ink for a ball-point pen which is stable over time and has high pigment dispersion stability, includes a pigment, a water-soluble organic solvent, water, xanthane gum of about 0.01 to about 0.2 wt. % and a sodium alginate of about 0.2 to about 0.6 wt. % of a total amount of the ink.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2001
    Assignee: Kotobuki & Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuya Hattori, Akio Nakamura, Mikio Morishita
  • Patent number: 6156828
    Abstract: A gel-like emulsion containing natural rubber and crumb rubber from used vehicle tires which may be added to an asphalt paving emulsion at ambient temperature for chip coating, slurry sealing, microsurfacing, soil stabilization or pavement recycling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2000
    Inventor: Steve R. Wickett
  • Patent number: 5929144
    Abstract: Process and composition for styrene-ethylene-butylene-styrene (SEBS) block copolymer modified asphalt mixtures for use in roofing, sealing, paving, and waterproofing membranes. A plasticized SEBS compound is added to oxidized or unoxidized asphalt flux in either low-shear or high-shear processes, and is applied in hot and ambient uses such as cutbacks and emulsions, with or without added fillers, fibers, or other additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Inventor: John R. Fields
  • Patent number: 5854322
    Abstract: A modified coal tar pitch useful in roofing applications, containing coal tar pitch, and a nitrile butadiene rubber, is blended by heating the coal tar pitch to a molten temperature, adding the rubber in powder form and agitating the material in a suitable high shear mixing apparatus until adequate phase inversion occurs between the polymer and the coal tar phase. After preparation, the material is cooled in containers until use, at which time it is heated to a flowable temperature and applied using a roofing mop or squeegee.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Assignee: The Garland Company
    Inventor: Joseph W. Mellott
  • Patent number: 5834539
    Abstract: A multiple phase emulsion or gel including a water phase within at least one oil phase in which either or both of the phases contains one or more chemical moieties selected from a group consisting of organic compounds that have multiple hydroxide functionality, cholesterol, lecithin, multiple valent metal ions, saponified organic acids, unsaponified organic acids, saponified organic bases, unsaponified organic bases, nonionic surfactants and amphoteric compounds. The water and oil phase is also within a second water or oil phase in which the second water or oil phase is obtained by mixture of chemical moieties selected from a group consisting of organic acids, tall oil products, organic bases, phosphates, sulfates, nonionic chemicals, amphoterics and betaines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1998
    Inventor: Dennis Krivohlavek
  • Patent number: 5795929
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an asphalt composition prepared from bitumen (asphalt), linear and non-linear copolymers of styrene and butadiene, cross-linking agents, and emulsifiers. The present invention compositions are useful for industrial applications, such as hot-mix and emulsified asphalts used with aggregates for road paving, and repair.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1998
    Assignee: Koch Enterprises, Inc.
    Inventor: William E. Grubba
  • Patent number: 5772749
    Abstract: This invention relates to rapid set, medium set, and slow set anionic emulsions prepared from straight bitumen or bitumen modified by the incorporation of polymers such as styrene butadiene rubbers (SBR), styrene block copolymers (SBS), ethylene vinyl acetate copolymers (EVA), and other suitable modifiers. The invention also relates to emulsions modified by the incorporation of solvents (such as diesel oil or kerosene) or by the addition of polymer latices (such as SBR-latex or natural rubber latex). More particularly, the invention relates to improved methods for enhancing adhesion between asphalt and aggregate in anionic solventless and solvent-containing bituminous emulsions wherein the emulsifiers are alkali earth salts of tall oil fatty acids, fortified tall oil fatty acids, tall oil rosins, and fortified rosins as well as combinations of kraft lignins and nonionic emulsifiers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1998
    Assignee: Westvaco Corporation
    Inventors: Peter Schilling, Everett Crews
  • Patent number: 5750598
    Abstract: The bitumen/polymer composition comprises a bitumen, an elastomeric polymer vulcanisable with sulphur in an amount of 0.5 to 20% by weight of the bitumen, a sulphur-donating vulcanising agent, a vulcanisation accelerator and a viscosity-reducing agent chosen from water and hydrocarbon oils. The vulcanisation accelerator present in the composition consists of one or more vulcanisation accelerators active at temperatures below 100.degree. C., and the viscosity-reducing agent is used in an amount suitable for rendering the composition liquid at temperatures below 100.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1998
    Assignee: Eli France
    Inventors: Dennis Krivohlavek, Gayle King, Jean-Pascal Planche
  • Patent number: 5670562
    Abstract: This invention relates to rapid set, medium set, and slow set anionic emulsions prepared from straight bitumen or bitumen modified by the incorporation of polymers such as styrene butadiene rubbers (SBR), styrene block copolymers (SBS), ethylene vinyl acetate copolymers (EVA), and other suitable modifiers. The invention also relates to emulsions modified by the incorporation of solvents (such as diesel oil or kerosene) or by the addition of polymer latices (such as SBR-latex or natural rubber latex). More particularly, the invention relates to improved methods for enhancing adhesion between asphalt and aggregate in anionic solventless and solvent-containing bituminous emulsions wherein the emulsifiers are alkali earth salts of tall oil fatty acids, fortified tall oil fatty acids, tall oil rosin and fortified rosin as well as combinations of kraft lignin and nonionic emulsifiers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1997
    Assignee: Westvaco Corporation
    Inventor: Peter Schilling
  • Patent number: 5668197
    Abstract: This invention relates to rapid set, medium set, and slow set anionic emulsions prepared from straight bitumen or bitumen modified by the incorporation of polymers, solvents, or polymer latices. Particularly, the invention relates to improved methods for enhancing adhesion between the asphalt and the aggregate in avionic solventless and solvent-containing bituminous emulsions wherein the emulsifiers are alkali earth salts of tall oil fatty acids, fortified tall oil fatty acids, tall oil rosin and fortified rosin as well as combinations of kraft lignin and nonionic emulsifiers. The adhesion promoters utilized in these improved methods are the reaction products of styrene (.alpha.-methyl styrene)-acrylic (metacrylic) acid polymers with polyalkylene amines. Further improvement can be obtained by using tall oil fatty acid or fortified tall oil fatty acids as co-reactants in the production of the polyamidoamine products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 16, 1997
    Assignee: Westvaco Corporation
    Inventor: Peter Schilling
  • Patent number: 5521235
    Abstract: A bitumen emulsion of the cationic type is disclosed which contains a thickener comprising at least one substance selected from the group consisting of associative thickeners of the nonionic type. The invention also relates to the use of a thickener of the above mentioned type as a thickener in a bitumen emulsion of the cationic type and the use of a bitumen emulsion containing a thickener as set forth above in road building, roofing and waterproofing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 28, 1996
    Assignee: Aktiebolaget Nynas Petroleum
    Inventor: Gosta Redelius
  • Patent number: 5372643
    Abstract: The invention relates to an agent increasing the rate of hardening of cements, mortars and concretes while maintaining their workability. It also concerns an adjuvant for cements, mortars and concretes, comprising an effective quantity of said agent, and the cements, mortars and concretes comprising an effective quantity of said agent or said adjuvant. This agent corresponds to the formula ##STR1## in which R.sub.1, R.sub.2 and R.sub.3, which may be identical or different, denote the hydrogen atom or an alkyl, substituted alkyl, alkene, aryl or aralkyl group,B denotes a hydrocarbon chain containing at least one --CH.sub.2 -- unit and in which the number of carbons situated in the chain is smaller than or equal to 10,A denotes the groups: ##STR2## in which: X denotes an organic or inorganic anion and in particular a halogenR.sub.5, R.sub.6 and R.sub.7, which may be identical or different, denote alkyl, substituted alkyl, alkene, aryl or aralkyl radicals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 13, 1994
    Assignee: Roquette Freres
    Inventors: Serge Gosset, Didier Videau
  • Patent number: 5306343
    Abstract: A tag is added to an asphalt additive, typically an anti-stripping agent. The additive dye is mixed with other components of an asphalt composition and melt processed at 300.degree. F. (149.degree. C.) or above to produce an asphalt composition. Presence of the tag to identify presence of the additive is performed by dissolving the asphalt portion of the composition in a water-immiscible solvent and then extracting the tag in an acidic aqueous solution and developing a color with a diazo compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 26, 1994
    Assignee: Morton International, Inc.
    Inventors: Walter A. Richardson, III, Alejandro Zimin, Sr., James Fuerholzer, Michael R. Friswell, Michael P. Hinton, Peter A. Caputo
  • Patent number: 5278207
    Abstract: A bituminous composition comprising a bituminous component, a polymer which comprises at least one block of a conjugated diolefin and at least one block of an acrylic monomer such as an alkyl methacrylate and from 0.001 parts to 1 part by weight of a polyfunctional amine having at least two amino groups. An acid or anhydride functionalized conjugated diene block copolymer may be used in place of the acrylic monomer polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 11, 1994
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Robert Q. Kluttz
  • Patent number: 5177130
    Abstract: A rubberized chemical emulsion having rubber added to an anionic material after the anionic material has passed through a colloid mill.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1993
    Inventor: Paul E. Beavers
  • Patent number: 5045576
    Abstract: The present invention provides for a method of converting an anionic latex to a cationic latex by the addition of a steric stabilizer and a cationic surfactant. The invention also provides for a method of using the cationic latex prepared by the conversion, in an asphalt emulsion. The converted latex provides improved torsional recovery properties to the cured asphalt emulsion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 1988
    Date of Patent: September 3, 1991
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: Jesse S. Roeck, James G. Galloway, Ronald E. Snyder
  • Patent number: 5019610
    Abstract: Disclosed is a polymer-modified asphalt composition which comprises a mixture of (a) a blend of from about 10 to 75 weight-percent of one or more of a thermoplastic rubber polymer and from about 90 to 25 weight-percent of one or more of a fatty dialkyl amide, and (b) an asphalt cement. Also disclosed is a method of preparing such compositions, which requires gentle stirring only.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 28, 1991
    Assignee: Sherex Chemical Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Gary E. Sitz, Roger K. Chatterjee
  • Patent number: 4997868
    Abstract: The setting time of cationic emulsions of asphalt, bitumen, coal tar or a mixture thereof may be shortened by incorporating into such emulsion at least 0.001 parts by weight per 100 parts by dry weight of said emulsion of a polycarboxylic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 1988
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1991
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Peter R. J. Blanpain, Roland F. E. Offner, Guy F. Mori, John W. Creak
  • Patent number: 4990592
    Abstract: An anionic emulsifier obtained from the reaction products of an alkyl phenol, polyamine, and formaldehyde or of an alkyl phenol, fatty acid/polyamine condensate, and formaldehyde followed by the reaction of such products with acrylic acid, and the uses of the emulsifier in anionic bituminous emulsions and paving slurry seal mixtures are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: February 5, 1991
    Assignee: Westvaco Corporation
    Inventor: Peter Schilling
  • Patent number: 4990591
    Abstract: An anionic emulsifier obtained from the reaction products of an alkyl phenol, polyamine, and formaldehyde or of an alkyl phenol, fatty acid/polyamine condensate, and formaldehyde followed by the reaction of such products with acrylic acid, and the uses of the emulsifier in anionic bituminous emulsions and paving slurry seal mixtures are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1989
    Date of Patent: February 5, 1991
    Assignee: Westvaco Corporation
    Inventor: Peter Schilling
  • Patent number: 4990590
    Abstract: An anionic emulsifier obtained from the reaction products of an alkyl phenol, polyamine, and formaldehyde or of an alkyl phenol, fatty acid/polyamine condensate, and formaldehyde followed by the reaction of such products with acrylic acid, and the uses of the emulsifier in anionic bituminous emulsions and paving slurry seal mixtures are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: February 5, 1991
    Assignee: Westvaco Corporation
    Inventor: Peter Schilling
  • Patent number: 4970025
    Abstract: This invention provides cationic emulsions of bituminous binders of the bitumen/polymer type, formed by a dispersion of an organic phase of the binder in an aqueous phase containing a cationic nitrogenous emulsifier and a mineral or organic acid, the acid being in appropriate quantity so that the pH of the aqueous phase is comprised between 3 and 9. The aqueous phase also contains an agent consisting of at least one water-soluble sequestering salt of phosphonic acid, particularly a salt of alkaline metal or of amine of hydroxyalkyl-1,1-diphosphonic acid, and optionally a water-soluble thickening agent. To obtain the emulsions, which are usable for road applications, the emulsifying agent, the sequestering agent and optionally the thickening agent may be used in the form of a premixture containing the agents and called cationic emulsifying system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1988
    Date of Patent: November 13, 1990
    Assignee: Elf France
    Inventors: Francis Demangeon, Emile Lopez
  • Patent number: 4921892
    Abstract: Anionic Emulsions of asphalt, bitumen, or tar which may optionally contain a latex of a rubbery polymer may be set using a destablizing system comprising either an alkali silicofluoride in the presence of a sulfamate or a mixture of an amine in the presence of a divalent metal ion. The setting time for such emulsions can be reduced to less than half an hour.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1987
    Date of Patent: May 1, 1990
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Richard B. Moore, Paul L. Fitzgerald, Ernest G. Pole
  • Patent number: 4879326
    Abstract: This invention provides cationic emulsions of bituminous binders of the bitumen/polymer type, formed by a dispersion of an organic phase of the binder in an aqueous phase containing a cationic nitrogenous emulsifier and a mineral or organic acid, the acid being in appropriate quantity so that the pH of the aqueous phase is comprised between 3 and 9. The aqueous phase also contains an agent consisting of at least one water-soluble sequestering salt of phosphonic acid, particularly a salt of alkaline metal or of amine of hydroxyalkyl-1,1-diphosphonic acid, and optionally a water-soluble thickening agent. To obtain the emulsions, which are usable for road applications, the emulsifying agent, the sequestering agent and optionally the thickening agent may be used in the form of a premixture containing the agents and called cationic emulsifying system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1988
    Date of Patent: November 7, 1989
    Assignee: ELF France
    Inventors: Francis Demangeon, Emile Lopez
  • Patent number: 4812327
    Abstract: Emulsion type rust-preventive baking composition which comprises a polymer emulsion such as an aqueous acrylic resin emulsion and a heat-fusible organic filler having a melting or softening point within the range of 40.degree.-250.degree. C. which is higher by at least 10.degree. C. than the lowest film-forming temperature of the polymer emulsion, as incorporated in the polymer emulsion. When the emulsion type rust-preventive baking composition obtained by the mixture is coated on reinforcing steel rods or the like treatment targests and baked, the heat-fusible organic filler melts and fills pores in the rust-preventive coat film, whereby the coat film is rendered close and compact to produce excellent rust-preventive effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 14, 1989
    Assignee: National Starch and Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Hideaki Hanazawa, Makoto Mori, Katsumi Sasaki, Katsumi Inagaki
  • Patent number: 4780146
    Abstract: An asphalt composition comprises a bituminous material blended with a reaction product of ethylene diamine and a blend of a dibasic acid and one or more fatty acid residues.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1986
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1988
    Assignee: Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corporation
    Inventor: Shien-Liang Chang