Material Contains Metal Atom Bonded To A Carbon Atom Patents (Class 526/183)
  • Patent number: 10723816
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a process for synthesizing multi- or dual-headed compositions having the formula R1MA[R2MA-]NR1 by employing a sterically hindered compound and an organometallic compound in the presence of a transition metal catalyst. The present disclosure further relates to use of the compositions, as well as the process to make the same, in olefin polymerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2020
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Lixin Sun, David D. Devore
  • Patent number: 10640584
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing a solid catalyst component suitable for producing polyethylene and its copolymers, said process comprising the steps of: (a) contacting a dehydrated support having hydroxyl groups with a magnesium compound having the general formula MgR1R2; (b) contacting the product obtained in step (a) with modifying compounds (A) and/or (B) and/or (C), wherein: (A) is at least one oxygen and/or nitrogen comprising organic compound; (B) is a compound having the general formula R11f(R12O)gSiXh, (C) is a compound having the general formula (R13O)4M, and (c) contacting the product obtained in step (b) with a titanium halide compound having the general formula TiX4, wherein Ti is a titanium atom and X is a halide atom, wherein an organometallic compound is added after step (a) and before step (b). The invention also relates to a solid catalyst component obtainable by said process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V.
    Inventors: Akhlaq Moman, Ian Blackmore
  • Patent number: 9688792
    Abstract: A process may include contacting an olefin monomer and a racemic bridged metallocene catalyst at a temperature of 80° C. to 150° C. in the presence of hydrogen. The racemic bridged metallocene catalyst may include a metallocene compound (A) and an activator component (B). The process may include recovering an effluent containing polyalpha-olefins (PAOs). The metallocene compound (A) may be represented by the formula R(Cp1)(Cp2)MX1X2. In the formula, R may be a C1-C20 alkylene bridging group; Cp1 and Cp2 may be the same or different substituted or unsubstituted tetrahydroindenyl rings; M may be a transition metal; and X1 and X2 may be independently selected from hydrogen, halogen, hydride radicals, hydrocarbyl radicals, substituted hydrocarbyl radicals, halocarbyl radicals, substituted halocarbyl radicals, silylcarbyl radicals, substituted silylcarbyl radicals, germylcarbyl radicals, substituted germylcarbyl radicals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: Total Research & Technology Feluy
    Inventors: Alexandre Welle, Jeroen Wassenaar, Martine Slawinski
  • Publication number: 20150011698
    Abstract: A method for producing a conjugated diene-based polymer is described. The conjugated diene-based polymer is produced by polymerizing monomers including a conjugated diene compound, a compound represented by the following formula (1) and a compound represented by the following formula (2) using an organoalkali metal compound and a secondary amine compound, and then reacting a compound containing a nitrogen atom and/or a silicon atom to an active end of the polymer formed via the polymerization, E1-A1??(1) E1 represents a hydrocarbyl group having a polymerizable carbon-carbon double bond, and A1 represents a substituted amino group or a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic group, E2-A2??(2) E2 represents a hydrocarbyl group having a polymerizable carbon-carbon double bond, and A2 represents a substituted silyl group.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 31, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventor: Mana Fujii
  • Patent number: 8883948
    Abstract: Optimized methods to achieve extensive dark curing from a three-component visible light-initiated system though controlled radical polymerization and compositions useful in these optimized methods are provided. These compositions and methods are particularly suited for use in certain dental applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of Colorado
    Inventors: Jeffrey W. Stansbury, Dongkwan Kim
  • Patent number: 8796402
    Abstract: Process for polymerization and, in particular, to a process for start-up of a gas phase fluidized bed polymerization reaction involving one or more monomers using a catalyst in a reactor. The process includes providing a start-up bed of particles in the reactor in the presence of the one or more monomers but in the absence of the catalyst, introducing at T0 catalyst to the reactor to initiate reaction and start-up polymer production at a time Ti, Ti being between 1 and 6 hours after T0. The value of Xi is less than a threshold value, wherein: Xi=Cumulative production in the time period T0 to Ti/(Cumulative catalyst injection the time period T0 to Ti*PiC2=), where PiC2= is the ethylene partial pressure in the reactor at the time Ti, subsequently stopping the injection of catalyst, and taking a corrective action to address the low value of Xi.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Ineos Commercial Services UK Limited
    Inventors: Andreas Harald Gondorf, Jose Andre Laille, Claudine Viviane Lalanne-Magne
  • Patent number: 8765888
    Abstract: Vulcanizates with desirable properties can be obtained from compounds incorporating polymers that include hydroxyl group-containing diphenylethylene-type functionalities. The functionalities can be incorporated by using any or all of appropriate initiators, monomers and optional terminating compounds. Such polymers exhibit excellent interactivity with both conventional and non-conventional fillers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Zengquan Qin, Yuan-Yong Yan, Xiao-Dong Pan
  • Patent number: 8765872
    Abstract: [Object] To provide a resin composition with excellent mold releasability and blocking resistance. [Solution] A resin composition containing a 4-methyl-1-pentene polymer includes 0.01 to 10 parts by mass of a 4-methyl-1-pentene polymer (B) per 100 parts by mass of at least one resin (A) selected from the group consisting of thermoplastic resins and thermosetting resins, wherein the 4-methyl-1-pentene polymer (B) has (B1) an intrinsic viscosity [?] of 0.01 or more but less than 0.50 dl/g measured at 135° C. in a decalin solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Kuniaki Kawabe, Masayoshi Sutou, Toshiyuki Itou, Mai Kurihara, Akinori Etoh, Shinichirou Asao, Kenji Sugimura, Hiroshi Hoya, Koji Matsunaga, Yoji Hayakawa, Kunihiko Mizumoto
  • Patent number: 8729204
    Abstract: Compositions and methods for producing polymerization initiators comprising at least two protected primary amine groups. Polymers prepared using such polymerization initiators can comprise a residue of the polymerization initiator and can initially comprise the at least two protected primary amine groups. Such polymers can undergo a deprotection process thereby yielding a polymer having one or more unprotected primary amine groups. Polymers having primary amine groups can be employed in rubber compositions, which have a variety of potential applications, such as, for example, in tire manufacturing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Eiju Suzuki, Terrence E. Hogan
  • Patent number: 8669335
    Abstract: A design, synthesis and use of templated chemical routes are disclosed for the synthesis of interlocked macromolecular structures and orderly entanglements that are dubbed “Knotty Polymers” using combined supramolecularly assembled macroinitiators and living polymerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: The University of Houston System
    Inventor: Rigoberto Advincula
  • Publication number: 20130274425
    Abstract: This invention relates to processes for increasing the viscosity of an oligomer composition including contacting the oligomer composition comprising one or more vinyl terminated oligomer with a supported mixed metal oxide catalyst; wherein the contacting causes the reaction of the vinyl terminated oligomers; and producing a product oligomer composition having a higher viscosity than the oligomer composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 13, 2012
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Inventors: Matthew W. Holtcamp, Donna J. Crowther, Caol P. Huff, Patrick Brant
  • Publication number: 20130253156
    Abstract: The invention refers to a process for preparing a Group 2 metal/transition metal olefin polymerisation catalyst component in particulate form for polymerising olefins, especially ethylene or propylene or comonomers thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2011
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Applicant: BOREALIS AG
    Inventors: Peter Denifl, Mikaela Eriksson, Timo Leinonen, Anssi Haikarainen
  • Publication number: 20130245218
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing a solid catalyst component suitable for producing polyethylene and its copolymers, said process comprising the steps of: (a) contacting a dehydrated support having hydroxyl groups with a magnesium compound having the general formula MgR1R2; (b) contacting the product obtained in step (a) with modifying compounds (A), (B) and (C), wherein: (A) is at least one compound selected from the group consisting of carboxylic acid, carboxylic acid ester, ketone, acyl halide, aldehyde and alcohol; (B) is a compound having the general formula R11f(R12O)gSiXh, (C) is a compound having the general formula (R13O)4M, and (c) contacting the product obtained in step (b) with a titanium halide compound having the general formula TiX4, wherein Ti is a titanium atom and X is a halide atom. The invention also relates to a solid catalyst component obtainable by said process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Applicant: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
    Inventors: Akhlaq Moman, Atieh Aburaqabah, Abdullah Mohammed Al-Obaid, Moughrabiah Wajeeh, Salaheldin Habibi
  • Patent number: 8501885
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to olefin polymerization catalysts and compositions, their manufacture, and the production of polyolefins using specific catalyst compositions, including the use of chain shuttling agents in the olefin polymerization process. Specifically, this disclosure provides for dual headed and multi-headed chain shuttling agents (CSAs or MSAs) and for their use in preparing blocky copolymers. By controlling the ratio of dual-headed and multi-headed CSA sites to mono-headed CSA sites, a blocky copolymer can be provided having properties such as a narrow molecular weight distribution and/or improved melt properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Daniel J. Arriola, Thomas P. Clark, Kevin A. Frazier, Sara B. Klamo, Francis J. Timmers
  • Patent number: 8476392
    Abstract: A process for the production of an ethylene alpha-olefin copolymer is disclosed, the process including polymerizing ethylene and at least one alpha-olefin by contacting the ethylene and the at least one alpha-olefin with a metallocene catalyst in at least one gas phase reactor at a reactor pressure of from 0.7 to 70 bar and a reactor temperature of from 20° C. to 150° C. to form an ethylene alpha-olefin copolymer. The resulting ethylene alpha-olefin copolymer may have a density D of 0.927 g/cc or less, a melt index (I2) of from 0.1 to 100 dg/min, a MWD of from 1.5 to 5.0. The resulting ethylene alpha-olefin copolymer may also have a peak melting temperature Tmax second melt satisfying the following relation: Tmax second melt>D*398?245.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Univation Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Rainer Kolb, Agapios K. Agapiou, James M. Farley, Eric J. Markel, Bruce J. Savatsky, Christopher R. Davey, Richard B. Pannell
  • Publication number: 20130090439
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods of producing polymerized 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (poly-1234yf) using one or a combination of the techniques provided herein. In certain embodiments, such techniques include (1) emulsion polymerization; (2) suspension polymerization; (3) solution polymerization; (4) supercritical carbon dioxide polymerization; (5) transition metal catalyzed polymerization; (6) radiation or thermal polymerization; and combinations thereof. A wide array of initiators, catalysts, and solvents may be used in such polymerization processes and may include, but are not limited to, (1) radical initiators; (2) ionic initiators; and (3) single-site and multiple-site catalysts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 4, 2012
    Publication date: April 11, 2013
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventor: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
  • Publication number: 20120259082
    Abstract: An oxolanyl compound-containing composition comprising specified amounts of the meso-isomer of one or more of the oxolanyl compounds of specified structure is provided. Also provided are methods for the use of such compositions as vinyl content modifiers in polymerization processes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2010
    Publication date: October 11, 2012
    Inventors: Terrence E. Hogan, Waruna Kiridena
  • Patent number: 8236910
    Abstract: Cycloolefin copolymers which are distinguished by the presence of racemic diads of repeating polycyclic units and additionally by racemic triads of repeating polycyclic units are described. These copolymers can be prepared by copolymerization of polycyclic olefins with linear olefins in the presence of metallocene catalysts which have no Cs symmetry in relation to the centroid-M-centroid plane. The novel copolymers can be used for the production of shaped articles, in particular of films.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: Topas Advanced Polymers GmbH
    Inventors: Dieter Ruchatz, Anne-Meike Schauwienold, Peter Jörg
  • Publication number: 20120192882
    Abstract: The invention provides a polymer prepared from a substituted 1,3-butadiene (such as neophytadiene) derived from a plant of the Nicotiana species. The invention also provides smoking articles and smokeless tobacco compositions that include the polymers described herein. Further, the invention provides a method of polymerizing a substituted 1,3-butadiene derived from a plant of the Nicotiana species, the method including reacting a substituted 1,3-butadiene derived from a plant of the Nicotiana species with one or more reagents selected from the group consisting of an anionic initiator, a radical initiator, and a Ziegler-Natta catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2011
    Publication date: August 2, 2012
    Inventors: Michael Francis Dube, William Monroe Coleman, III
  • Publication number: 20120165486
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to olefin polymerization catalysts and compositions, their manufacture, and the production of polyolefins using specific catalyst compositions, including the use of chain-shuttling agents in the olefin polymerization process. Specifically, this disclosure provides for dual-headed and multi-headed chain shuttling agents (CSAs or MSAs) and for their use in preparing blocky copolymers. By controlling the ratio of dual-headed and multi-headed CSA sites to mono-headed CSA sites, a blocky copolymer can be provided having properties such as a narrow molecular weight distribution and/or improved melt properties.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Applicant: DOW GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES LLC
    Inventors: Daniel J. Arriola, Thomas P. Clark, Kevin A. Frazier, Sara B. Klamo, Francis J. Timmers
  • Publication number: 20120116034
    Abstract: A procatalyst carrier system which includes one or more paraffinic solvents, one or more paraffin-insoluble procatalysts, and optionally one or more cocatalysts wherein the carrier system is in the form of a slurry is provided. Also provided is a process including selecting one or more paraffin-insoluble organometallic procatalysts; adding the one or more procatalysts to a sufficient quantity of paraffinic solvent to form a slurry of the one or more procatalysts in the paraffinic solvent; introducing one or more first cocatalysts into a polymerization reactor; and introducing the slurry into the polymerization reactor; a reaction product of the process and articles made from the reaction product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2010
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Applicant: DOW GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Thomas Oswald, Ian M. Munro
  • Patent number: 8138286
    Abstract: Cycloolefin copolymers which are distinguished by the presence of racemic diads of repeating polycyclic units and additionally by racemic triads of repeating polycyclic units are described. These copolymers can be prepared by copolymerization of polycyclic olefins with linear olefins in the presence of metallocene catalysts which have no Cs symmetry in relation to the centroid-M-centroid plane. The novel copolymers can be used for the production of shaped articles, in particular of films.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Topas Advanced Polymers GmbH
    Inventors: Dieter Ruchatz, Anne-Meike Schauwienold, Peter Jörg
  • Publication number: 20120022223
    Abstract: An alkene interpolymer is prepared by polymerizing at least one 3-substituted C4-10 alkene and at least one C2-8 alkene in a gas phase polymerization using a polymerization catalyst system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 12, 2010
    Publication date: January 26, 2012
    Applicant: Evonik Oxeno GmbH
    Inventors: Michael Grass, Ted Pettijohn, Stefan Buchholz, Gerhard Ellermann, Pal Bentzrod, Tore Dreng, Jarmo Lindroos
  • Patent number: 8067518
    Abstract: Ethylene alpha-olefin copolymers formed by contacting at least one supported metallocene catalyst, ethylene, and an alpha-olefin in a gas phase reactor are disclosed. In some embodiments, the polymer may have: a density of between 0.890 and 0.970 g/cc; a melt index of between 0.7 and 200 dg/min; a melt index ratio of less than 30; an ESCR value of greater than 1000 hours; and a 1% secant modulus of greater than 75,000 psi. In other embodiments, the polymer may have: a density of between 0.930 g/cc and 0.970 g/cc; a melt index of between 10 dg/min and 200 dg/min; a melt index ratio of between 10 and 25; a part weight of greater than 3 g and a part length of greater than 38 cm in a spiral flow test, and; a zero shear viscosity of less than 150 Pa·s. Processes to produce these polymers are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2011
    Assignee: Univation Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Christopher R. Davey, James M. Farley, Rainer Kolb, Mark P. Ossowski
  • Patent number: 8008414
    Abstract: An organoantimony compound represented by the formula (1), processes for producing polymers with use of the compound, and polymers wherein R1 and R2 are C1-C8 alkyl, aryl, substituted aryl or an aromatic heterocyclic group, R3 and R4 are each a hydrogen atom or C1-C8 alkyl, and R5 is aryl, substituted aryl, an aromatic heterocyclic group, oxycarbonyl or cyano.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2011
    Assignees: Otsuka Chemical Co., Ltd., Japan Science and Technology Agency
    Inventors: Shigeru Yamago, Biswajit Ray, Takashi Kameshima, Kazuhiro Kawano
  • Patent number: 8003743
    Abstract: A process for preparing 1-butene polymers comprising polymerizing 1-butene and optionally ethylene, propylene or higher alpha-olefin, in the presence of a catalyst system obtainable by contacting: a) metallocene compound of formula (I): wherein: M is a transition metal; p is an integer from 0 to 3; X, same or different, is a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, or a hydrocarbon group; L is a divalent C1-C40 hydrocarbon radical; R1 is a C1-C40 hydrocarbon radical; T1, is a moiety of formula (IIa) or (IIb): wherein R2 and R3, are C1-C40 hydrocarbon radicals or they can form together a C3-C7-membered ring; R4 is C1-C40 hydrocarbon radicals; T2 and T3, are a moiety of formula (IIIa) or (IIIb): wherein R6 and R7, equal to or different from each other, are hydrogen atoms or C1-C40 hydrocarbon radicals; R5 is a hydrogen atom or a C1-C40 hydrocarbon radicals; with the proviso that if T1 is a moiety of formula (IIa) at least one between T2 and T3 is a moiety of formula (IIIb), and if T1 is a moiety of formula
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Basell Poliolefine Italia, S.R.L.
    Inventors: Luigi Resconi, Friederike Morhard
  • Publication number: 20110196115
    Abstract: Provided are methods of producing polymers with broadened molecular weight and/or composition distribution in a continuous homogeneous polymerization system utilizing reactor temperature gradients, reactor polymer concentration gradients, monomer concentration gradients, catalyst concentration gradients, and combinations thereof in the polymerization reactor. Such methods are particularly suitable when utilizing metallocene catalysts and other single-site catalysts, which generally produce polymers with narrow molecular weight and composition distribution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2011
    Publication date: August 11, 2011
    Applicant: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Gabor Kiss, Robert Patrick Reynolds, JR., John W. Chu, Patrick Brant, James Richardson Lattner
  • Publication number: 20110196116
    Abstract: Provided are methods of producing polymers with broadened molecular weight and/or composition distribution in a continuous homogeneous polymerization system utilizing reactor temperature gradients, reactor polymer concentration gradients, monomer concentration gradients, catalyst concentration gradients, and combinations thereof in the polymerization reactor. Such methods are particularly suitable when utilizing metallocene catalysts and other single-site catalysts, which generally produce polymers with narrow molecular weight and composition distribution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2011
    Publication date: August 11, 2011
    Applicant: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Gabor Kiss, Robert Patrick Reynolds, JR., John W. Chu, Patrick Brant, James Richardson Lattner
  • Publication number: 20110196119
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods for delivering granulated material to a reactor for use in the polymerization of alpha-olefin comprising the steps of: providing a first conduit having a granulated material inlet, the conduit being operably connected to a pocket ball valve comprising at least one pocket, said pocket ball valve being operably connected to a second conduit, said second conduit being operably connected to a polymerization reactor; introducing a granulated material to the first conduit through said inlet; metering the granulated material through the pocket ball valve; and passing said material through the second conduit to the polymerization reactor. The present invention also relates to polyolefin production processes and polyolefin producing units.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Publication date: August 11, 2011
    Inventors: Yahya Bouquoyoue, Claude Queyrel
  • Publication number: 20110165357
    Abstract: The present invention deals with polymer compositions suitable for making pipes. The compositions comprise a multimodal copolymer of ethylene and one or more alpha-olefins having from 4 to 10 carbon atoms wherein the multimodal ethylene copolymer has a density of from 937 to 950 kg/m3, a melt index MFR5 of from 0.3 to 3.0 g/10 min, a melt index MFR2 of from 0.1 to 2.0 g/10 min and a shear thinning index SHI2.7/210 of from 2 to 30.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2009
    Publication date: July 7, 2011
    Applicant: BOREALIS AG
    Inventors: Mats Backman, Carl-Gustaf Ek, Anneli Pakkanen, Magnus Palmlof, Tarja-Tuulikki Turpeinen, John Severn
  • Publication number: 20110165416
    Abstract: [Object] To provide a resin composition with excellent mold releasability and blocking resistance. [Solution] A resin composition containing a 4-methyl-1-pentene polymer includes 0.01 to 10 parts by mass of a 4-methyl-1-pentene polymer (B) per 100 parts by mass of at least one resin (A) selected from the group consisting of thermoplastic resins and thermosetting resins, wherein the 4-methyl-1-pentene polymer (B) has (B1) an intrinsic viscosity [?] of 0.01 or more but less than 0.50 dl/g measured at 135° C. in a decalin solvent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 10, 2011
    Publication date: July 7, 2011
    Inventors: Kuniaki KAWABE, Masayoshi Sutou, Toshiyuki Itou, Mai Kurihara, Akinori Etoh, Shinichirou Asao, Kenji Sugimura, Hiroshi Hoya, Koji Matsunaga, Yoji Hayakawa, Kunihiko Mizumoto
  • Publication number: 20110160414
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for polymerisation, and, in particular, to a process for start-up of a gas phase fluidised bed polymerisation reaction, said reaction comprising polymerisation of one or more monomers using a catalyst in a reactor, and said process comprising: a) providing a start-up bed of particles in the reactor in the presence of the one or more monomers but in the absence of the catalyst, b) introducing catalyst to the reactor to initiate reaction and start-up polymer production, said introduction being designated as time T0, c) at a time Ti, Ti being between 1 and 6 hours after T0, the value of Xi is less than a threshold value, wherein: Xi=Cumulative production in the time period T0 to Ti (Cumulative catalyst injection the time period T0 to Ti*PiC2=), PiC2= being the ethylene partial pressure in the reactor at the time Ti, d) subsequently stopping the injection of catalyst, e) taking a corrective action to address the low value of Xi.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 21, 2009
    Publication date: June 30, 2011
    Inventors: Andreas Harald Gondorf, Jose Andre Laille, Claudine Viviane Lalanne-Magne
  • Publication number: 20110151216
    Abstract: The present disclosure generally relates to compositions and methods for incorporating higher density metallocene linear low density polyethylene (m-LLDPE) into cast power stretch films. When compared to conventional machine films on a gauge-by-gauge basis, films containing the properly selected m-LLDPE may offer increased load containment force, reduced application force, and comparable elongation and puncture resistance properties.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2010
    Publication date: June 23, 2011
    Applicant: Paragon Films, Inc.
    Inventor: Shaun Eugene Pirtle
  • Publication number: 20110112263
    Abstract: One or more embodiments of the present invention provides a method for preparing a chain-extended lithiated thioacetal solution, the method comprising (i) preparing a lithiated thioacetal by reacting an initiator precursor compound with an organolithium compound; and (ii) chain extending the lithiated thioacetal by polymerizing monomer including conjugated diene monomer, optionally together with vinyl aromatic monomer, to form a polymeric or oligomeric segment having at least 3 and less than 125 repeat units.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 20, 2011
    Publication date: May 12, 2011
    Inventors: Terrence E. Hogan, William L. Hergenrother, Yuan-Yong Yan
  • Publication number: 20110098432
    Abstract: The present invention provides a complex of formula I wherein M is Ca, Mg, Ba or Sr; L1 is selected from R1O, R2S, R3R4N, R5R6P, a substituted or unsubstituted cyclopentadienide, and a substituted or unsubstituted pyrazolyl group, where R1-6 are each independently H or hydrocarbyl; L2 is selected from R7R8O, R7R8S, R7R8R9N, R7R8C?NR9, PR7R8R9, and a substituted or unsubstituted heterocycle containing one or more O, N or S atoms, where R7-9 are each independently H or a hydrocarbyl group; or L1 and L2 are linked to form a bidentate ligand; L3 is absent or is a solvent molecule, or a neutral ligand as defined for L2, wherein L3 may be the same or different to L2; or L3 is linked to a further metal centre; or L1, L2 and L3 are linked to form a tridentate ligand; and X is an alkyl group, an aryl group, an aryloxide, an amide group, or an enolate group of formula R10R11C?CR12O—, wherein R10-12 are each independently H or hydrocarbyl; with the proviso that when L1 and L2 are {HC(C(CH3)?N-2,6-iPr2C6H3)2} and M i
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2003
    Publication date: April 28, 2011
    Inventors: Edward Marshall, John Anthony Segal, Vernon Charles Gibson
  • Publication number: 20110040041
    Abstract: A process for the production of an ethylene alpha-olefin copolymer is disclosed, the process including polymerizing ethylene and at least one alpha-olefin by contacting the ethylene and the at least one alpha-olefin with a metallocene catalyst in at least one gas phase reactor at a reactor pressure of from 0.7 to 70 bar and a reactor temperature of from 20° C. to 150° C. to form an ethylene alpha-olefin copolymer. The resulting ethylene alpha-olefin copolymer may have a density D of 0.927 g/cc or less, a melt index (I2) of from 0.1 to 100 dg/min, a MWD of from 1.5 to 5.0. The resulting ethylene alpha-olefin copolymer may also have a peak melting temperature Tmax second melt satisfying the following relation: Tmax second melt>D*398?245.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2010
    Publication date: February 17, 2011
    Applicant: UNIVATION TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Rainer Kolb, Agapios K. Agapiou, James M. Farley, Eric J. Markel, Bruce J. Savatsky, Christopher R. Davey, Richard B. Pannell
  • Patent number: 7863394
    Abstract: A method of polymerizing poly(cyclic)olefin monomers encompassing (a) combining a monomer composition containing the poly(cyclic)olefin monomers, a non-olefinic chain transfer agent and an activator compound to form a mixture; (b) heating the mixture; and (c) adding a polymerization catalyst containing Ni and/or Pd. The non-olefinic chain transfer agent includes one or more compounds selected from H2, alkylsilanes, alkylalkoxysilanes, alkylgermanes, alkylalkoxygermanes, alkylstannanes, and alkylalkoxystannanes. The activator is characterized as having an active hydrogen with a pKa of at least 5. The resulting poly(cyclic)olefin polymers can be used in photoresist compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2011
    Assignee: Promerus LLC
    Inventors: Larry F. Rhodes, Dennis A. Barnes, Andrew Bell, Brian K. Bennett, Chun Chang, John-Henry Lipian, Xiaoming Wu
  • Patent number: 7851577
    Abstract: A cationic polymerization process for isoolefins using a zinc halide initiator. The zinc halide initiator is added to a solution of the isoolefin in a suitable solvent, preferably a halocarbon solvent. Polymerization reactions are normally conducted at temperatures high enough to allow the zinc halide initiator to dissolve in the solution. An alkyl halide activator may optionally be used and is preferably added to the solution prior to the zinc halide initiator. A multiolefin may optionally be present in the solution. The process is particularly useful in the formation of isoolefin homopolymers and co-polymers of isoolefins and multiolefins, such as butyl rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2010
    Assignee: LANXESS Inc.
    Inventors: Manfred Bochmann, Antonio Guerrero, Kevin Kulbaba
  • Patent number: 7763691
    Abstract: Norbornene monomers with fluorene group and polymer material thereof are disclosed. The norbornene monomers with fluorene group are prepared by Diels-Alder reation. The Norbornene monomers containing fluorene groups are highly active for ring-opening-metathesis polymerization (ROMP), and the molecular weight and PDI value of the obtained polymers are controllable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2010
    Assignee: National Taiwan University of Science & Technology
    Inventor: Der-Jang Liaw
  • Patent number: 7759439
    Abstract: A method of controlling the molecular weight of poly(cyclic)olefin (norbornene-type) polymers and activating the polymerization thereof with a single material is provided. Such method include adding a chain transfer/activating agent to a mixture of monomer(s), catalyst, solvent and an optional cocatalyst and polymerizing the mixture to form a polymer. It is shown that the amount of chain transfer/activating agent in the mixture can serve to control the molecular weight of the resulting polymer, its percent conversion or both, and in some embodiments the optical density of the resulting polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2010
    Assignee: Promerus LLC
    Inventors: Larry F. Rhodes, Steven Smith, Pramod Kandanarachchi, Chun Chang, Patrick Bradley
  • Patent number: 7709586
    Abstract: An olefin polymerization catalyst which includes an organometallic compound of the following Formula 1; aluminoxane; and an organic transition metal compound of the following Formula 2: M1R11R2mR3n or R2mR3nM1R11M1R2mR3n??[Formula 1 ] in Formula 1, M1 is selected from the group consisting of Group 2A, 2B and 3A of the Periodic Table, R1 is cyclic hydrocarbyl group of 5 to 30 carbon atoms, R2 and R3 are independently hydrocarbyl group of 1 to 24 carbon atoms, l is an integer of more than 1, m and n are independently an integer of 0 to 2, l+m+n is equal to the valence of M1, Q is a divalent group; M2R4pXq??[Formula 2 ] in Formula 2, M2 is Ti, Zr or Hf; R4 is cyclic hydrocarbyl group of 5 to 30 carbon atoms, X is halogen atom, p is an integer of 0 or 1, q is an integer of 3 or 4, p+q is equal to the valence of metal M2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2010
    Assignee: Daelim Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sah-Mun Hong, Sung-Woo Kang, Young-Jae Jun, Jin-Sook Oh
  • Publication number: 20100081775
    Abstract: A new family of crystalline aluminosilicate zeolites has been synthesized. These zeolites are represented by the empirical formula. Mmn+Rr+Al(1-x)ExSivOz where M represents a combination of potassium and sodium exchangeable cations, R is a singly charged organoammonium cation such as the choline cation and E is a framework element such as gallium. These zeolites are similar to MCM-68 but are characterized by unique x-ray diffraction patterns and compositions and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2008
    Publication date: April 1, 2010
    Inventors: Jaime G. Moscoso, Deng-Yang Jan
  • Publication number: 20090270566
    Abstract: Polymerization process and polymers formed therefrom are described herein. The polymerization processes generally include introducing an olefin monomer into a reaction vessel, introducing a single-site transition metal catalyst into the reaction vessel, introducing a multi-functional block copolymer non-ionic surfactant into the reaction vessel, contacting the olefin monomer with the catalyst system in the presence of the non-ionic surfactant within the reaction vessel under polymerization conditions to form a polyolefin and withdrawing the polyolefin from the reaction vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2009
    Publication date: October 29, 2009
    Applicant: Fina Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph L. Thorman, Steven Borgfeld
  • Publication number: 20090221775
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a process for the preparation of lubricant base stocks by contacting alphaolefin feedstocks with single-site metallocene catalysts and recycling unconverted monomers, characterized by a purge step in the recycle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2008
    Publication date: September 3, 2009
    Inventors: Mark Hagemeister, Anatoly Ilich Kramer, Pramod Jayant Nandapurkar, Shakeel Tirmizi, Margaret May-Som Wu
  • Publication number: 20090203859
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the polymerization of olefins, comprising the steps of introducing at least one olefin, at least one polymerization catalyst, at least one cocatalyst and at least one cocatalyst aid, and optionally a scavenger, into a polymerization reactor, and polymerizing the olefin, wherein the cocatalyst aid is a reaction product prepared separately prior to the introduction into the reactor by reacting at least one metal alkyl compound of group IIA or IIIA of the periodic system of elements and at least one compound (A) of the formula RmXR?n, wherein R is a branched, straight, or cyclic, substituted or unsubstituted, hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, R? is hydrogen or any functional group with at least one active hydrogen, X is at least one heteroatom selected from the group of O, N, P or S or a combination thereof, and wherein n and m are each at least 1 and are such that the formula has no net charge.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 12, 2006
    Publication date: August 13, 2009
    Inventors: Wei Xu, Vugar O. Aliyev, Sirajudeen Mohamed, Atieh Abu-Raqabah
  • Publication number: 20090118449
    Abstract: A polymerization process comprising contacting under polymerization conditions ethylene and at least one alpha olefin of formula CH2=CHA wherein A is a C2-C20 alkyl radical to obtain a copolymer containing from 95% by mol to 50% by mol of ethylene derived units in the presence of a catalyst system obtainable by contacting: b) at least a metallocene compound of formula (I) b) alumoxane or a compound capable of forming an alkyl metallocene cation; and optionally c) an organo aluminum compound; wherein the groups R1-R4, L, M and W are described in the text.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2007
    Publication date: May 7, 2009
    Applicant: Basell Polyolefine GmbH
    Inventors: Francesca Focante, Luigi Resconi
  • Publication number: 20090105416
    Abstract: Provided are a vinyl-biphenylpyridine monomer and a polymer thereof. More particularly, the present invention provides a vinyl-biphenylpyridine monomer having a side chain of pyridine or phenylpyridine as a functional group, a homopolymer of which molecular weight and molecular weight distribution are controlled using the monomer, and a block copolymer of which molecular structure and molecular weight are controlled to facilitate synthesis of an organic metal complex. Accordingly, the present invention provides a vinyl-biphenylpyridine monomer and a polymer thereof which are effectively used as nano and optical functional materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2007
    Publication date: April 23, 2009
    Inventors: Jae-Suk Lee, Nam-Goo Kang
  • Publication number: 20090036621
    Abstract: A catalyst system suitable for the polymerisation of olefins, said system comprising (a) a transition metal compound or lanthanide metal compound (b) a cocatalyst and (c) at least one porous support material characterised in that the porous support material has been pretreated with a halogen-containing organometallic compound, in particularly with a fluorine-containing organometallic compound. The catalyst system is particularly suitable for the preparation of polymers having broad molecular weight distributions from the polymerisation of olefins in the presence of a single site catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2006
    Publication date: February 5, 2009
    Inventors: Grant Berent Jacobsen, Sergio Mastroianni
  • Publication number: 20090017160
    Abstract: A chewing gum contains a water-insoluble gum base portion containing a polyolefin thermoplastic elastomer; a water-soluble bulk portion; and at least one flavor component, which is cud-forming and chewable at mouth temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2008
    Publication date: January 15, 2009
    Applicant: WM. Wrigley Jr. Company
    Inventors: Chungsea Shen, Joo H. Song, Bruno Padovani, David W. Record
  • Publication number: 20080306229
    Abstract: Dendritic amphiphilic polymers are contemplated. Most preferably, such polymers will be fabricated in a single step to the final product that may further be derivatized with, among others, biological relevant molecules. In alternative aspects, precursors of such molecules are prepared in a single step, and the precursors are then reacted to the dendritic amphiphilic polymers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2008
    Publication date: December 11, 2008
    Inventors: Zhibin Guan, Guanghui Chen