Material Contains Organic Nitrogen Compound Patents (Class 526/217)
  • Patent number: 6900268
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of grafting unsaturated carboxylic acid derivatives onto thermoplastic polymers, which comprises heating a mixture of thermoplastic polymer, unsaturated carboxylic acid or carboxylic acid derivative and a hydroxy-lamine ester having at least one structural unit of formula (I) or (I?) wherein X is hydrogen, C1-C36alkyl, C2-C36alkenyl, C2-C18alkynyl, C6-C10aryl, —O—C1-C18alkyl —O—C6-C10aryl, —NH—C1-C18alkyl, —NH—C6-C10aryl, —N(C1-C6alkyl)2; X? is a direct bond or C1-C36alkylene, C2-C36alkenylene, C2-C36alkynylene, —(C1-C6alkylene)-phenyl-(C1-C6alkylene) or a group in a processing apparatus for thermoplastic polymers, to above the softening point/melting point of the thermoplastic polymer and allowing the components of the mixture to react with one another
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2005
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corp.
    Inventors: Jochen Fink, Michael Roth, Rudolf Pfaendner, Peter Nesvadba, Andreas Kramer
  • Patent number: 6897277
    Abstract: The present invention relates to phenyl glycines and derivatives thereof as cure accelerators for anaerobic curable compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2005
    Assignee: Henkel Corporation
    Inventors: Philip T. Klemarczyk, Karen R. Brantl
  • Patent number: 6891002
    Abstract: A process for producing a polyolefin according to the present invention comprises (co) polymerizing one or two or more ?-olefins in a vapor phase in a fluidized-bed reactor, wherein the concentration of (A) a saturated aliphatic hydrocarbon in the fluidized bed reactor is 1 mol % or more and at least one compound selected from (B) an aliphatic amide and (C) a nonionic surfactant constituted only of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen atoms is made to exist in the reactor. The present invention can provide a process for producing a polyolefin, the process ensuring that the prevention of clogging caused by the generation of sheet or block polymers and a high efficiency of the production of a polyolefin due to good catalytic activity can be accomplished at the same time and also having superb continuous productivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2005
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Shinji Abe, Shotaro Matsuda, Satoru Ohtani, Hiroto Nishida, Michiharu Sakata, Tomohiro Arase
  • Patent number: 6870018
    Abstract: A vulcanizable fluorine-containing elastomer composition having excellent stability in molding and kneading property, from which a vulcanized article having a small compression set can be produced in a short period of time. The vulcanizable fluorine-containing elastomer composition comprises a vulcanization agent, a vulcanization aid and a fluorine-containing elastomer having C—H bond in its polymer chain, and an optimum vulcanization time T90 (min) of the composition and a compression set CS (%) of the vulcanized article satisfy the following equations (I) and (II): Equation (I): in case of 50,000?MW?200,000, CS??3.45 Ln(T90)+22.8?4×10?5×MW Equation (II): in case of 200,000<MW, CS??3.45 Ln(T90)+14.8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2005
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Satoshi Tokuno, Hideya Saito, Tetsuya Higuchi, Satoshi Komatsu, Satoshi Koyama
  • Patent number: 6869541
    Abstract: An epoxy resin composition suitable for forming a film of excellent water repellency which comprises an epoxy resin having one or more water repellent groups and two or more cyclic aliphatic epoxy groups per molecule, a triazine-base catalyst for cationic polymerization and a non-polar solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2005
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Akihiko Shimomura, Hiromichi Noguchi, Isao Imamura
  • Patent number: 6869678
    Abstract: A removable pressure-sensitive adhesive which, even when applied to metal sheets or to metallic members which have undergone a coating treatment, is inhibited from increasing in adhesive force with the lapse of time and can be easily removed therefrom and which has satisfactory weatherability and satisfactory pot life contains 100 parts by weight on a solid basis of an aqueous dispersion type acrylic copolymer obtained by polymerizing a monomer mixture in an aqueous medium in the presence of a nonionic surfactant and/or an anionic surfactant each having an ethylenic double bond and 0.1 to 3 parts by weight of a hindered-amine light stabilizer having a piperidine ring in which the nitrogen atom has a tertiary amine structure; and an adhesive sheet is produced with the adhesive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2005
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Takeshi Yamanaka, Shinetsu Itou, Kenichi Shibata, Takeshi Suto, Isamu Miyoshi
  • Patent number: 6867271
    Abstract: This invention relates to (meth)acrylate based polymerizable compositions and multipart adhesive systems prepared therefrom, which include an aziridine-containing compound in a carrier material with which the aziridine-containing compound is unreactive. The inventive composition demonstrates a flash point above 140° F., desirably above 200° F., for each of the parts of the adhesive system. To achieve the physical properties of the inventive compositions and adhesive systems, it is desirable for the carrier material to have such flash points; however, provided that in their entirety the inventive compositions and adhesive systems have such flash points, it is not necessary for the carrier material itself to have such flash points. The inventive compositions and adhesive systems also include a package for controlling the rate of cure and indicating the extent of cure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2005
    Assignees: Henkel Corporation, Loctite (R&D) Limited
    Inventors: Eerik Maandi, Brendan J. Kneafsey
  • Patent number: 6855840
    Abstract: Polymers and copolymers synthesized by means that yield a narrow range of molecular weights can have different properties than polymers synthesized by conventional means. In order to obtain such polymers, however, polymerization must be controlled. One type of controlled polymerization is the reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) process, which has characteristics of a living polymerization. The present invention discloses a group of dithioesters and trithioesters suitable as chain transfer agents for RAFT polymerization. The present invention also discloses RAFT polymerizations conducted in aqueous media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2005
    Assignee: University of Southern Mississippi
    Inventors: Charles L. McCormick, Michael S. Donovan, Andrew B. Lowe, Brent S. Sumerlin, David B. Thomas
  • Patent number: 6852809
    Abstract: A catalyst component for addition polymerization containing (A) a compound containing an atom of the Group II to the Group XII or Lanthanide series in which the lowest energy level of unoccupied molecular orbital having the valence p-type atomic orbital of the atom of the Group II to the Group XII or Lanthanide series as a main component, wherein the coefficient represented by a linear combination, is 0.4 or more) is calculated to be 0.008 atomic unit (Hartree) or less by the calculation of density functional method (B3LYP/3-21G level), a catalyst for addition polymerization containing the same, and a process for producing an addition polymer with the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2005
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Kazuo Takaoki, Tatsuya Miyatake, Hiroshi Kuribayashi
  • Patent number: 6852775
    Abstract: The invention relates to polymerizable dental compositions which contain (a) 10 to 98.999 wt.-% of at least one bi- or higher-functional ethylenically unsaturated monomer, (b) 0 to 88.999 wt.-% of at least one monofunctional ethylenically unsaturated monomer, (c) 0 to 5 wt.-% of an accelerator, (d) 0.001 to 5 wt.-% of a redox initiator system which can trigger the radical polymerisation and (e) 0 to 88.999 wt.-% fillers, thixotropic auxiliaries, retarders and other auxiliaries (f) 1 to 30 wt.-% of a customary plasticizer and are characterized in that the redox initiator system comprises (i) a barbituric acid derivative and/or a malonyl sulfamide and (ii) an organic peroxide, selected from the group of the mono- or multifunctional carboxylic acid peroxyesters, and the constituents (a) to (f) are present in two pastes spatially separated from each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2005
    Assignee: 3M ESPE AG
    Inventors: Wolfgang Soglowek, Keith O'Connell
  • Patent number: 6844080
    Abstract: Metal alkyl borohydrides are used as initiators of polymerisation, particularly in adhesive compositions for bonding a wide range of substrates including low surface energy substrates such as polyolefins. As described, the metal alkyl borohydrides are of the formula I or II. wherein R1 is C1-C10 alkyl, R2 and R3, which may be the same or different, are H, D, C1-C10 alkyl or C3-C10 cycloalkyl, phenyl, or phenyl-substituted C1-C10 alkyl or C3-C10 cycloalkyl, provided that any two of R1-R3 may optionally be part of a carbocyclic ring, and M+ is a metal ion. In particular, alkali metal trialkyl borohydrides are used, the alkali metal salt being selected from: Lithium triethylborohydride, Sodium triethylborohydride, Potassium triethylborohydride, Lithium tri-sec-butylborohydride, Sodium tri-sec-butylborohydride, Potassium tri-sec-butylborohydride, and Lithium triethylborodeuteride. Other exemplified compounds which are less effective on low surface energy substrates include Lithium 9-borabicyclo [3.3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2005
    Assignee: Loctite (R&D) Limited
    Inventors: Brendan J. Kneafsey, Gerry Coughlan
  • Patent number: 6844405
    Abstract: The present invention pertains to a process for controlled free radical polymerization or copolymerization of vinyl chloride at a temperature between 40° C. and 95° C., at a pressure between 5 and 30 bar in the presence of a stable free nitroxyl radical.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2005
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Rudolf Pfaendner, Thomas Wannemacher, Dietrich Braun
  • Patent number: 6841624
    Abstract: Control agents that have a nitrogen-nitrogen bond covalently bonded to a thiocarbonyl moiety are provided for living-type free radical polymerization of a wide variety of monomers. These control agents provide superior properties for control of the polymerization and/or the properties of the polymers obtained and/or the monomers that may be polymerized. In some embodiments, a bulky group is pendant off the activated thiocarbonyl portion of the control agents. Multifunctional control agents provide the opportunity for a variety of structurally unique polymers, including block copolymers, stars and hyper-branched polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2005
    Assignee: Symyx Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Dominique Charmot, Han Ting Chang, Yunxiao Li, Peter Huefner
  • Patent number: 6841636
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a dispersion of polymer particles, the particle containing, on average, more than 1 living radicals each, the radicals not being chemically protected. The invention is also directed to a free radical polymerization process resulting in a dispersion containing polymer particles having on average one or more living radicals. The process involves carefully regulating the polymerization conditions to produce small size particles under monomer-starved conditions containing, on average, more than one living radical in every particle. These living polymer radicals can be further reacted to form polymers with a controlled architecture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2005
    Assignee: National Starch and Chemical Investment Holding Corporation
    Inventors: Yadunandan Dar, Smita Shah
  • Patent number: 6831144
    Abstract: In anionic polymerization using an anionic polymerization initiator, a tertiary organoaluminum compound (A) having in the molecule thereof a chemical structure represented by a general formula: Al—O—Ar wherein Ar represents an aromatic ring, and at least one Lewis base (B) selected from the group consisting of an ether compound and a tertiary polyamine compound are caused to be present in the polymerization system. In this way, the polar monomer can be polymerized with a high polymerization initiation efficiency and a high living polymerization property and at a high polymerization rate even if the used polymerization initiator is suitable for industrial use and a relatively mild cooling condition or a temperature condition near room temperature is adopted as a polymerization temperature condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2004
    Assignee: Kuraray Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenichi Hamada, Kazushige Ishiura, Masaji Kato, Sachie Yaginuma
  • Patent number: 6828401
    Abstract: The present invention relates to novel synthetic methods for PEG-maleimide derivatives, specifically, novel synthetic methods for PEG-maleimide. The final products thereof are useful as a pegylation reagent in the field of bioengineering and the medicinal field or the preparation of medical appliances and by conjugating with certain moieties or specific domains of polysaccharides and biological proteins such as antibodies as a bio-compatible or bio-degradable polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2004
    Assignee: SunBio Inc.
    Inventors: Kwang Nho, Changmin Hyun, Junghun Lee, Youngkyoung Pak
  • Publication number: 20040242817
    Abstract: Disclosed are internally coordinated organoboranes as 5, 6, or 7-membered rings formed from an unsaturated amine, amidine, or guanidine and dialkylhydroborane under hydroboration conditions, as well as two-part adhesive or coating kits containing radical polymerizable material and the internally coordinated organoborane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2003
    Publication date: December 2, 2004
    Applicant: Lord Corporation
    Inventors: Jonathan L. Kendall, Kirk J. Abbey
  • Patent number: 6825308
    Abstract: The present invention relates to copolymers for applications in medicine and biotechnology and preparation thereof. Copolymers comprises polyvalent N-Acetyl Glucosamine(NAG) in polyvalent form and bind more efficiently to lysozyme than NAG itself. The copolymers exhibit effective inhibition even at very low ligand concentrations. The copolymers could be used for prevention and treatment of bacterial and viral infections. Moreover, these copolymers form are stimuli sensitive polymers and can be used for the recovery of biomolecules. The methodology can be extended to other ligands such as sialic acid and used for preventing influenza and/or rotavirus infections. It also provides a method for the synthesis of copolymers wherein polymers comprising sequences of specific ligands are required.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2004
    Assignee: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
    Inventors: Mohan Gopalkrishna Kulkarni, Jayant Jagannath Khandare
  • Patent number: 6825300
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a process for making a fluoropolymer having nitrile endgroups. The process comprises a free radical polymerization of one or more fluorinated monomers in the presence of a nitrile group containing salt or a nitrile group containing pseudohalogen compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2004
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Werner M. A. Grootaert, Klaus Hintzer, Kai Helmut Lochhaas, Gernot Löhr, Franz März
  • Patent number: 6825299
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for controlled radicalpolymerization in aqueous dispersion in the presence of selected nitroxyl radicals having a defined partition equilibrium between water and monomer as measured by their log p. wherein p is the partition coefficient of the nitroxyl radical in octanol and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2004
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: Dirk Simon
  • Patent number: 6822064
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a polymerizable macromers for applications in medicine and biotechnology and synthesis thereof. Macromers comprises polyvalent various carbohydrates including N-Acetyl Glucosamine(NAG) which bind more efficiently to lysozyme than NAG itself. Effective inhibition of lysozyme is possible even at very low ligand concentrations. The polymerizable macromer could be used for prevention and treatment of bacterial and viral infections. Moreover these macromers can be copolymerized with other comonomers to form stimuli sensitive polymers and used for the recovery of biomolecules. The methodology can be extended to other ligands such as sialic acid and used for preventing influenza and/or rotavirus infections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Assignee: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
    Inventors: Mohan Gopalkrishna Kulkarni, Jayant Jagannath Khandare
  • Patent number: 6818716
    Abstract: Photoiniferters for controlled radical polymerizations and telechelic copolymers comprising polymerized units of one or more free radically (co)polymerizable monomers having a first azalactone terminal group and a second dithiocarbamate terminal group are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2004
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Michael S. Wendland, Kevin M. Lewandowski, Duane D. Fansler, Babu N. Gaddam, Steven M. Heilmann
  • Patent number: 6818800
    Abstract: The present invention is to provide a method for providing a low-molecular radical which comprises releasing a radical having a lower molecular weight from a super-stable perfluoroalkyl-based radical followed by generating the above super-stable perfluoroalkyl-based radical. The invention is a method for providing a low-molecular radical which comprises a super-stable radical generating reaction for generating a super-stable perfluoroalkyl-based radical from a radical-carrying molecule and a radical releasing reaction for releasing the low-molecular radical from said super-stable perfluoroalkyl-based radical, said radical-carrying molecule being generated as a result of said radical releasing reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2004
    Assignees: National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Taizo Ono, Eiji Hayashi, Haruhiko Fukaya, Tetsuo Shimizu
  • Publication number: 20040225097
    Abstract: The present invention relates to novel synthetic methods for PEG-maleimide derivatives, specifically, novel synthetic methods for PEG-maleimide. The final products thereof are useful as a pegylation reagent in the field of bioengineering and the medicinal field or the preparation of medical appliances and by conjugating with certain moieties or specific domains of polysaccharides and biological proteins such as antibodies as a bio-compatible or bio-degradable polymer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2003
    Publication date: November 11, 2004
    Inventors: Kwang Nho, Changmin Hyun, Junghun Lee, Youngkyoung Pak
  • Patent number: 6815517
    Abstract: An at least two-component mortar composition is described, which can be cured by thermal initiation and contains at least one polymerizable monomer and/or at least one curable resin, at least one polymerization initiator for the polymerizable monomer and/or the curable resin and optionally at least one filler, wherein, as polymerization initiator, at least one organically substituted ammonium salt is contained as constituent of a mortar component and at least one inorganic persulfate is contained as constituent of a further mortar component, and which, after the mortar components are mixed in situ, results in an organically substituted ammonium persulfate, the nature and amount of organically substituted ammonium salt and inorganic persulfate as well as of polymerizable monomer or curable resin being selected so that a mortar composition results, which can be polymerized by free radical polymerization due to the action of heat, as well as a method for fastening tie rods, reinforcing steel for concrete or the
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2004
    Assignee: Hilti Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Thomas Bürgel, Marianne Böck
  • Publication number: 20040204553
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of preparing a composition of living polymers comprising a non-photoinitiated radical polymerisation step using a composition consisting of: at least one ethylenically unsaturated monomer, preferably a methacrylic monomer, at least one disulphide compound having formula (II), i.e. Z1—C(═S)—S—S—C(═S)—Z2; and at least one thermally-activate free radical source which is different from the formula (II) compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2004
    Publication date: October 14, 2004
    Inventor: Jean-Marie Catala
  • Patent number: 6803438
    Abstract: A polymer comprising the unit (I) wherein R is selected form the group consisting of hydrogen, C1-C18 alkyl, C1-C18 aralkyl, C1-C18 alkaryl, carboxylic acid, carboxy-C1-6alkyl, or any one of the C1-C18 alkyl, C1-C18 alkenyl, C1-C18 aralkyl, C1-C18 alkaryl substituted with a heteroatom within, or attached to, the carbon backbone; R1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, C1-C6 alkyl groups; X is an acylating agent and wherein the polymer has a polydispersity of less than 1.4, preferably less than 1.2 and a molecular weight (Mw) of less than 100,000, the polymer is preferably made by controlled radical polymerization and is useful in the production of polymer drug conjugates with desirable biological profiles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2004
    Assignee: Polytherics Limited
    Inventors: Stephen James Brocchini, Antony Godwin
  • Patent number: 6800708
    Abstract: The invention relates to a new process for the preparation of functionalized telechelics based on vinyl polymers, the telechelics prepared in this way and their use in the plastics, fibers or coating sector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2004
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Martin Melchiors, Hartwig Höcker, Helmut Keul, Dirk Achten
  • Patent number: 6797805
    Abstract: Organic polymers having water contact angles of 20° or smaller, preferably 7° or smaller and equipped with both high wettability and high transparency. The organic polymers may contain as partial structures polar structures of about 3 debyes or higher in dipole moment and are available especially from polymerization of polymerizable compounds having alkylene(thio)urea structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2004
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Koju Okazaki, Ryouichi Seki, Shiro Nakatsuka
  • Patent number: 6784264
    Abstract: Initiators for nitroxide-mediated radical polymerizations are described. The initiators have an azlactone or ring-opened azlactone moiety to provide telechelic (co)polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Kevin M. Lewandowski, Duane D. Fansler, Michael S. Wendland, Babu N. Gaddam
  • Patent number: 6784265
    Abstract: Initiators for nitroxide-mediated radical polymerizations are described. The initiators have an azlactone or ring-opened azlactone moiety to provide telechelic (co)polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Duane D. Fansler, Kevin M. Lewandowski, Michael S. Wendland, Babu N. Gaddam
  • Patent number: 6784224
    Abstract: A paste-like polymerizable composition in which two or three pastes are intimately mixed with each other to polymerize, the pastes do not gel and their polymerization curing times being stable, even when the pastes before the polymerization are preserved for a long time, the paste-like polymerizable composition is constructed of a first paste containing (a) a (meth)acrylate having at least one unsaturated double bond, (b) a filler and (c) a pyrimidinetrione derivative; and a second paste containing (a) a (meth)acrylate having at least one unsaturated double bond, (b) a filler, (d) an organic halide and (e) an organometallic compound, or a third paste containing (a) a (meth)acrylate having at least one unsaturated double bond, (b) a filler and (d) an organic halide and a fourth paste containing (a) a (meth)acrylate having at least one unsaturated double bond, (b) a filler and (e) an organometallic compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Assignee: GC Corporation
    Inventors: Mizuki Nakayama, Tomohiro Kumagai
  • Publication number: 20040167303
    Abstract: The instant invention relates to multifunctional alkoxyamines based on polyalkylpiperidines, polyalkylpiperazinones and polyalkylmorpholinones and their use as polymerization regulatros/initiators. Further subjects of the invention are a polymerizable composition comprising an ethylenically unsaturated monomer or oligomer and the alkoxyamine compound as well as a process for polymerization and a process for preparation of the compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 30, 2003
    Publication date: August 26, 2004
    Inventors: Andreas Kramer, Andreas Muhlebach, Peter Nesvadba, Marie-Odile Zink, Tobias Hintermann
  • Publication number: 20040152853
    Abstract: Initiators for nitroxide-mediated radical polymerizations are described. The initiators have an azlactone or ring-opened azlactone moiety to provide telechelic (co)polymers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2003
    Publication date: August 5, 2004
    Applicant: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Duane D. Fansler, Kevin M. Lewandowski, Michael S. Wendland, Babu N. Gaddam
  • Publication number: 20040152852
    Abstract: Initiators for nitroxide-mediated radical polymerizations are described. The initiators have an azlactone or ring-opened azlactone moiety to provide telechelic (co)polymers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2003
    Publication date: August 5, 2004
    Applicant: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Kevin M. Lewandowski, Duane D. Fansler, Michael S. Wendland, Babu N. Gaddam
  • Patent number: 6765072
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the preparation of aqueous dispersions of latex particles having a heterogeneous morphology by a semicontinuous emulsion polymerization, comprising the emulsion polymerizing of ethylenically unsaturated (co)monomers, accompanied by, the addition of cationic and/or anionic and/or nonionic emulsifiers and/or protective colloids as stabilizers, which are directly used as such or synthesized in situ, the semicontinuous emulsion polymerization being performed in the presence of the stabilizer or stabilizers with a monomer mixture, which a) contains at least one nonionic, ethylenically unsaturated monomer with a glass transition temperature Tg above about 30° C. in a quantity of about 10 to 70 wt. %, based on the total weight of ethylenically unsaturated (co)monomers and b) at least one hydrophilic, ethylenically unsaturated monomer in a quantity of about 5 to 30 wt. %, based on the total weight of ethylenically unsaturated (co)monomers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2004
    Assignee: National Starch and Chemical Investment Holding Corporation
    Inventors: Hongli Willimann, Robert Koelliker
  • Patent number: 6762256
    Abstract: Initiator systems of the invention comprise a complexed initiator comprising a complex of an amidine complexing agent and an initiator; and a decomplexer. The initiator systems are useful for initiating polymerization of at least one monomer to form polymerized compositions. Kits of the invention useful for forming the polymerized compositions comprise a polymerizable composition and an initiator component, wherein the initiator component comprises a complexed amidine initiator. Bonding compositions can be prepared by mixing the polymerizable composition of the kit with the respective initiator component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventor: Dean M. Moren
  • Publication number: 20040116633
    Abstract: Initiators for atom transfer radical polymerizations are described. The initiators have an azlactone or ring-opened azlactone moiety to provide telechelic (co)polymers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2002
    Publication date: June 17, 2004
    Applicant: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Duane D. Fansler, Kevin M. Lewandowski, Babu N. Gaddam, Steven M. Heilmann, Larry R. Krepski, Stephen B. Roscoe, Michael S. Wendland
  • Patent number: 6747111
    Abstract: A free radical polymerization process suitable for synthesizingpolymers is disclosed. The process utilizes novel sulfur based chain transfer agents and is widely compatible over a range of monomers and reaction conditions. Novel polymers having low pollydispersity and predictable specific polymer architecture and molecular weight are produced by the process. The polymers produced by the process are suitable for use as binders in automotive OEM and refinish coatings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2004
    Assignees: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
    Inventors: John Chiefari, Roshan Tyrrel Mayadunne, Graeme Moad, Ezio Rizzardo, San Hoa Thang
  • Publication number: 20040106753
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a method for inhibiting the premature polymerization of ethylenically unsaturated monomers comprising adding to said monomers an effective amount of at least one inhibitor selected from the group consisting of C-nitrosoaniline and quinone imine oxime compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2003
    Publication date: June 3, 2004
    Applicant: Uniroyal Chemical Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Brigitte Benage, Gerald J. Abruscato, Andrew J. Eisenstein
  • Publication number: 20040106754
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a process for making a fluoropolymer having nitrile endgroups. The process comprises a free radical polymerization of one or more fluorinated monomers in the presence of a nitrile group containing salt or a nitrile group containing pseudohalogen compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2003
    Publication date: June 3, 2004
    Applicant: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Werner M.A. Grootaert, Klaus Hintzer, Kai Helmut Lochhaas, Gernot Lohr, Franz Marz
  • Patent number: 6740717
    Abstract: Initiator systems of the invention comprise a complexed initiator comprising a complex of an amidine complexing agent and an initiator; and a decomplexer. The initiator systems are useful for initiating polymerization of at least one monomer to form polymerized compositions. Kits of the invention useful for forming the polymerized compositions comprise a polymerizable composition and an initiator component, wherein the initiator component comprises a complexed amidine initiator. Bonding compositions can be prepared by mixing the polymerizable composition of the kit with the respective initiator component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2004
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventor: Dean M. Moren
  • Patent number: 6737488
    Abstract: A process for the production of polymers by means of pseudo-living free-radical polymerization is disclosed. The process entails (i) reacting a polymerizable vinyl monomer with nitrogen monoxide and at least one initiator to prepare a free-radical intermediate product, and (ii) polymerizing the intermediate product optionally together with one or more additional monomers and/or with a free-radical initiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2004
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Pierre Vanhoorne, Rolf-Volker Meyer, Christophe Detrembleur, Robert Jérôme
  • Publication number: 20040092685
    Abstract: The invention relates to an initiator system for radical polymerizations, which is characterized in that a combination of compounds of general formulas (I) and (II) is used, wherein: R′, R″, R′″ and R″″, are selected independently of one another, and represent; a) branched and unbranched C1 to C18 alkyl radicals, C3 to C18 alkenyl radicals, C3 to C18 alkynyl radical; b) C1 to C18 alkyl radicals, C3 to C18 alkenyl radicals, C3 to C18 alkynyl radicals, which are all substituted for at least one OH group or for a halogen atom or for a silyl ether; c) C2-C18 hetero-alkyl radicals having at least one O atom and/or an NR group in the carbon chain, whereby R is selected from one of groups a), b) or d) to g); d) C1-C18 alkyl radicals, C3-C18 alkenyl radicals, C3-C18 alkynyl radical, which are all substituted for at least one ester group, amine group, carbonate group and/or epoxy group and/or for sulfur and/or for sulfur compounds, especially thioether or dithio compounds; e) C3-C12
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 19, 2003
    Publication date: May 13, 2004
    Inventors: Marc Husemann, Stephan Zollner
  • Patent number: 6734268
    Abstract: The invention provides bonding compositions and reactive two-part bonding compositions that are useful, for example, in bonding low surface energy substrates (e.g., polyethylene, polypropylene and polytetrafluoroethylene). Bonding compositions of the invention include an organoborane, a polymerizable monomer, and a metal salt which modifies the cure kinetics of the bonding composition to provide a favorable balance of long bonding composition worklife and fast rate of strength build.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2004
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventor: Dean M. Moren
  • Patent number: 6734269
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the radical polymerization or copolymerization of ethylene under high pressure in the presence of at least one polymerization initiating-controlling compound capable of providing, by decomposition under the polymerization or copolymerization conditions: at least one initiating free radical (Z) which carries at least one site for initiating the (co)polymerization; and at least one stable free radical (SFR) which carries at least one site exhibiting the stable radical state and which is stable under the polymerization conditions, with, in total, as many initiating sites as sites exhibiting the stable radical state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2004
    Assignee: Atofina
    Inventors: Michael Buback, Eric Minaux, Thierry Senninger, Jean-Marc Le Blevec
  • Publication number: 20040082743
    Abstract: The invention is a two part polymerizable composition comprising in one part an organoborane amine complex and one or more compounds containing ring opening heterocyclic moieties, and in a second part, compounds capable of being polymerized by free radical polymerization, a catalyst capable of polymerizing compounds containing ring opening heterocyclic moieties and optionally a component that will decomplex the organoborane amine complex. In one embodiment the invention is a two phase system comprising a first phase containing one or more polymers prepared from the compounds which polymerize by free radical polymerization and a second phase comprising polymerized or partially polymerized compounds derived from one or more compounds containing ring opening heterocyclic moieties.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 14, 2003
    Publication date: April 29, 2004
    Inventors: Mark F. Sonnenschein, Steven P. Webb, Benjamin L. Wendt, Daniel D. Harrington
  • Publication number: 20040082742
    Abstract: The present invention relates to selected 1-alkoxy-2,2,6,6 tetramethyl piperidine, 1-alkoxy-2,2 diethyl-6,6 dimethyl piperidine and 1-alkoxy-2,6 diethyl-2,3,6 dimethyl piperidine derivatives which are substituted in the 4 position by two oxygen atoms forming an open chain or cyclic ketal structure, a polymerizable composition comprising a) at least one ethylenically unsaturated monomer and b) said piperidine derivatives. Further aspects of the present invention are a process for polymerizing ethylenically unsaturated monomers, and the use of 1-alkoxy-2,2,6,6 tetramethyl piperidine, 1-alkoxy-2,2 diethyl-6,6 dimethyl piperidine and 1-alkoxy-2,6 diethyl-2,3,6 dimethyl piperidine derivatives which are substituted in the 4 position by two oxygen atoms forming an open chain or cyclic ketal structure for controlled polymerization.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2003
    Publication date: April 29, 2004
    Inventors: Peter Nesvadba, Marie-Odile Zink, Wiebke Wunderlich
  • Patent number: 6723763
    Abstract: The present invention provides a new class of materials effective as accelerators for curing anaerobic adhesives. The addition of these materials into anaerobic adhesives as a replacement for conventional curatives, such as APH and/or toluidines, surprisingly provides at higher cure speeds and comparable physical properties for the reaction products formed therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2004
    Assignee: Henkel Loctite Corporation
    Inventors: Qinyan Zhu, Shabbir Attarwala
  • Patent number: 6716948
    Abstract: Controlled architecture polymers made preferably with acrylamide type monomers are prepared in living-type or semi-living-type free radical polymerizations, with the architecture preferably being other than linear, such as star, branched, grafted or hyper-branched. The controlled architecture polymers have high weight average molecular weights and low viscosities, which make they particularly useful in replaceable capillary electrophoresis separation media for biological molecules, such as DNA fragments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2004
    Assignee: Symyx Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Gerrit Klaerner, Miroslav Petro, Dominique Charmot, Didier Benoit