Contacting With Water Patents (Class 528/499)
  • Patent number: 10542686
    Abstract: The subject invention provides compositions and methods of using the same for improving plants' defense by employing naturally-derived chemicals. In a specific embodiment, the composition is from Parthenium argentatum Gray, also known as the guayule plant. Preferred compositions can up-or downregulate growth genes responsible for the targeted plants' defense mechanisms in order to create physical and/or chemical barriers, and produce detouring exudates, antagonistic compounds, or fumigating compounds that prevent and treat damages from pests in agronomic or non-agronomic plants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2020
    Assignee: BEEM BIOLOGICS INC.
    Inventors: Lance William Beem, Stephen Michael Butler, George Benjamin Cloud
  • Patent number: 10267786
    Abstract: In one aspect, methods of imaging are described herein. In some embodiments, a method of imaging described herein comprises disposing a population of ultrasound-switchable fluorophores in a biological environment, the fluorophores having a switching threshold between an off state and an on state; exposing the biological environment to an ultrasound beam to create an activation region within the biological environment; switching at least one of the fluorophores within the activation region from the off state to the on state; exciting the at least one fluorophore with a beam of electromagnetic radiation; and detecting light emitted by the fluorophore. In some embodiments, the activation region has a maximum negative pressure and/or maximum temperature and the switching threshold of the at least one fluorophore is at least about 50 percent of the maximum negative pressure or at least about 50 percent of the maximum temperature of the activation region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: Board of Regents, The University of Texas System
    Inventor: Baohong Yuan
  • Patent number: 10140425
    Abstract: The invention provides an improved method to predict the solubility of a drug or other molecule in a solid polymer or other matrix at any temperature. The instant invention provides a method to determine the difference in specific enthalpy, specific entropy and specific Gibbs energy between a solid solution and the unmixed components, as well as a method to use those data to predict the solubility of a drug or other molecule in a solid polymer or other matrix. The method uses known thermodynamics equations and thermal analysis data, such as obtained from DSC (differential scanning calorimetry) at temperatures that are lower than the temperature at which the solubility is predicted. The method allows prediction of the drug-in-polymer solubilities without the use of elevated temperatures, but still avoids impractically long experiments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Inventor: Robert A. Bellantone
  • Patent number: 10133853
    Abstract: The invention provides an improved method to predict the solubility of a drug or other molecule in a solid polymer or other matrix at any temperature. The instant invention provides a method to determine the difference in specific enthalpy, specific entropy and specific Gibbs energy between a solid solution and the unmixed components, as well as a method to use those data to predict the solubility of a drug or other molecule in a solid polymer or other matrix. The method uses known thermodynamics equations and thermal analysis data, such as obtained from DSC (differential scanning calorimetry) at temperatures that are lower than the temperature at which the solubility is predicted. The method allows prediction of the drug-in-polymer solubilities without the use of elevated temperatures, but still avoids impractically long experiments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Inventor: Robert A. Bellantone
  • Patent number: 10066063
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of preparing a superabsorbent polymer, including a) drying and pulverizing a hydrogel polymer, and then classifying into a first fine powder having a particle size of less than 150 ?m and a base polymer having a particle size of 150 to 850 ?m; b) mixing a portion of the first fine powder, water and an additive, thus preparing a first fine-powder regranulate; c) passing the first fine-powder regranulate through a chopper and then performing drying and pulverizing; and d) classifying the pulverized first fine-powder regranulate into a superabsorbent polymer having a particle size of 150 to 850 ?m and a second fine powder having a particle size of less than 150 ?m, thus yielding the superabsorbent polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2018
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Young Sam Kim, Min-Seok Jang
  • Patent number: 9062166
    Abstract: The present invention provides a sheet of polymeric foam comprising chemically cross-linked, closed-cell, foam comprising at least one polyolefin; cork particles dispersed within said polymeric foam wherein said foam has a specific gravity of between 40-250 kg/m3 and is essentially free of visible perforations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Assignee: Palziv Ein Hanatziv Agricultural Co-operative Society Ltd.
    Inventors: Baruch Zur, Oshri Dadon, Ehud Nezer, Benjamin Joshua Reisman
  • Patent number: 9040604
    Abstract: A facile synthesis of amphiphilic hyperbranched polymers consisting of poly(amic acid) and polyimide was developed via “A2+B3” approach from difunctional anhydride and trifunctional hydrophilic poly(oxyalkylene)triamine. Various amphiphilic hyperbranched poly(amic acid)s (HBPAAs) with terminal amine functionalities and amic acid structures were prepared through ring-opening polyaddition at room temperature, followed by thermal imidization process for the formation of hyperbranched polyimides (HBPIs), accordingly. The resulting HBPIs were analyzed by GPC, indicating the molecule weights of 5000˜7000 g/mol with a distribution of polydispersity between 2.0 and 3.8. The amine titration for HBPIs indicated the peripheral total-amine contents to be 8.32˜18.32 mequiv/g dependent on compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: CHUNG SHAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, ARMAMENTS BUREAU, M. N. D
    Inventors: Wen-Chiung Su, Ru-Jong Jeng, Tzong-Yuan Juang, Shi-Min Shau, Guan-Liang Chen, Han-Sheng Lin
  • Patent number: 9023982
    Abstract: A method is provided for purifying a resin for photolithography wherein, from an insufficiently purified resin (also referred to as “crude resin”), low molecular weight impurities such as an unreacted monomer and a polymerization initiator, which cause a development defect of a resist pattern or deterioration of the storage stability of the resin for photolithography can be removed more effectively. The method for purifying a resin for photolithography includes an operation (a) wherein a slurry in which a resin is dispersed in a solution containing a good solvent and a poor solvent is stirred, and then an operation (b) wherein, to said slurry, a poor solvent is added to lower the ratio of the good solvent to the poor solvent, and then, the resin is separated from the solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Maruzen Petrochemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Tomo Oikawa
  • Patent number: 9018346
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for removing unreacted monomer in polymer using a SCC comprising a housing having a rotation axis; a supply part of at least one polymer formed inside of the housing; at least two spinning cones that are installed so as to have a constant gradient from the upper part to the lower part to the rotation axis, move polymer supplied through the polymer supply part, and rotate around the rotation axis; a fixed cone that is fixed and formed on the inner side of the housing, and provides a pathway for sequentially moving polymer from a spinning cone at the upper part to a spinning cone at the lower part; a product collection part for collecting polymer moved through the spinning cone and the fixed cone; and a driving part for rotating the spinning cone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Eun-Jung Joo, Dong-Kwon Lee, Dae-Young Shin, Jong-Ku Lee, Chang-Hoe Heo
  • Patent number: 8927685
    Abstract: A renewable chemical feedstock derived from the essential oils from herbs and other plants. In embodiments, trans-anethole are transformed into thermoset and thermoplastic compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventor: Matthew C. Davis
  • Patent number: 8921504
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for removing an ionic species contained in an aqueous phase. The method includes contacting an aqueous phase containing the ionic species with a sol gel-derived composite material, where the sol gel-derived composite material is a sol gel-derived composition having a porous matrix and containing a reactive metal incorporated into at least a portion of the porous matrix, under conditions sufficient to remove the ionic species contained in the aqueous phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: ABS Materials Inc.
    Inventor: Hanbae Yang
  • Patent number: 8883959
    Abstract: A method for producing a polyarylene sulfide resin, comprising: producing a slurry (I) containing a solid alkali metal sulfide by allowing a hydrous alkali metal sulfide, or a hydrous alkali metal hydrosulfide and an alkali metal hydroxide, and an aliphatic cyclic compound (c1) that can be ring-opened by hydrolysis to react with each other while conducting dehydration in the presence of a non-hydrolyzable organic solvent; adding an aprotic polar organic solvent after the production of the slurry (I) and distilling off water to conduct dehydration; and conducting polymerization by allowing a polyhaloaromatic compound (a), an alkali metal hydrosulfide (b), and an alkali metal salt (c2) of a hydrolysate of the compound (c1) to react with each other in the slurry (I) in a state where the amount of water existing in the reaction system is 0.02 moles or less relative to 1 mole of the aprotic polar organic solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: DIC Corporation
    Inventor: Toshio Hinokimori
  • Patent number: 8859721
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for working up particulate crude polyoxymethylene, which comprises the following steps: (a) introduction of the particulate crude polyoxymethylene into an extraction column (13) operated at a pressure in the range from 1 to 6 bar, (b) introduction of a polar extractant into the extraction column (13) with a temperature in the range from 95 to 140° C. and a pressure in the range from 1 to 6 bar, wherein from 10 to 1000 ppm, based on the amount of polar extractant introduced, of a buffer substance which buffers in the pH range from 7.5 to 11.5 are introduced into the extraction column (13).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Jürgen Deininger, Jürgen Demeter, Rüdiger Häffner, Ralf Schulz, Achim Stammer
  • Patent number: 8829139
    Abstract: A method for easily producing high-purity polydimethylsilane or polydiphenylsilane, where by-products such as alkali metal salt and alkaline earth metal salt can be efficiently removed, is provided. Dimethyldichlorosilane or diphenyldichlorosilane is reacted with an alkali metal such as metal sodium and metal magnesium and/or an alkaline earth metal in an organic solvent such as toluene to obtain crude polydimethylsilane or crude polydiphenylsilane, methanol having dissolved therein an ether ester-type nonionic surfactant or a surfactant such as alkylbenzenesulfonate is added to the crude polydimethylsilane or the crude polydiphenylsilane to deactivate the remaining alkali metal and alkaline earth metal, and the crude polydimethylsilane or the crude polydiphenylsilane is washed with water in the presence of a surfactant to efficiently remove an alkali metal salt, an alkaline earth metal salt and the like, whereby high-purity polydimethylsilane or polydiphenylsilane is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Soda Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kimihiko Oohata, Satoru Yamazaki, Masamichi Yasuhara, Jyunichi Kawachi
  • Patent number: 8809488
    Abstract: A film of a carboxylated polymer of formula (I): wherein the sum of x, y and z is an integer from 10 to 10,000 and degree of hydrolysis is 0.05 or greater provides gas separation materials in which the degree of hydrolysis may be used to tune the selectivity of the gases to an optimal required range. Such films may be prepared by casting a film of a polymer of formula (II): wherein n is an integer from 10 to 10,000, and hydrolyzing all or a portion of the —CN groups to form —COOH groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: National Research Council of Canada
    Inventors: Naiying Du, Michael D. Guiver, Gilles P. Robertson, Jingshe Song
  • Patent number: 8809492
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for filtering a fluid containing nanoparticles. The systems and methods generally include introducing a stream of the nanoparticle-containing fluid into a holding vessel, and extracting at least a part of a nanoparticle-containing fluid accumulated in the holding vessel. The extracted nanoparticle-containing fluid is passed through a filtration module to separate a nanoparticle-containing retentate from a permeate, and the retentate is returned to the vessel. The filtration cycle can be repeated until a desired concentration of the nanoparticles is achieved in the holding vessel. In many embodiments, the generation of the nanoparticle-containing fluid and its filtration are performed concurrently.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Cerulean Pharma Inc.
    Inventors: J. Michael Ramstack, John Podobinski
  • Patent number: 8779015
    Abstract: Provided are a recycling method for industrially, simply and effectively recycling a phenolic body from a phenolic antioxidant which is masked by an organoaluminum compound and contained in an olefin polymer obtained by supplying the masked phenolic antioxidant upon polymerization; and an olefin polymer obtained by this method. In a method for recycling a phenolic antioxidant wherein a phenolic antioxidant which is masked by an organoaluminum compound and contained in an olefin polymer obtained by supplying the masked phenolic antioxidant upon polymerization is recycled to a phenolic body, a nitrogen gas comprising water and/or a proton donor at a volume ratio of 1.0×10?6 to 2.5×10?2 with respect to 1 volume of nitrogen is brought into contact with the olefin polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Adeka Corporation
    Inventors: Naoshi Kawamoto, Tsuyoshi Urushihara, Kohei Okamoto, Tetsuya Seguchi
  • Patent number: 8759565
    Abstract: Disclosed are processes to prepare monocarboxylic acid esters (mono- and/or diesters) of polytrimethylene ether glycol that are substantially free of residues from the catalyst used to produce the polytrimethylene ether glycol esters, as well as methods for their preparation and end uses thereof. The esters, such as the bis-2-ethylhexanoate esters, have uses as functional fluids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Hari Babu Sunkara, Raja Hari Poladi, Gyorgyi Fenyvesi
  • Patent number: 8742061
    Abstract: It is aimed to provide a polyarylene sulfide film for an acoustic instrument vibrating plate excellent in heat resistance, molding processability, acoustic properties, and also heat moldability. Provided is a polyarylene sulfide film wherein the elongation at break in either a longitudinal direction or a width direction of the film is 100% or more and 250% or less, and the Young's modulus in either a longitudinal direction or a width direction of the film is 1.5 GPa or more and less than 4 GPa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Toray Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Tetsuya Machida, Yasuyuki Imanishi, Masatoshi Ohkura, Takuji Higashioji
  • Patent number: 8735537
    Abstract: The present application provides methods of producing polyanthracene including polymerization of anthracene monomers in the presence of oxidants and reaction solvents. The present application further provides polyanthracene produced by methods described herein that has higher solubility in organic solvents and better thermal stability and ablation resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Tongji University
    Inventors: Mei-rong Huang, Xin-gui Li, Shao-Jun Huang
  • Patent number: 8732977
    Abstract: A method of producing a structural component comprising manufacturing a structural component from a moisture absorbable material the toughness of which increases with increasing moisture absorption and subsequently subjecting the structural component to at least one of elevated temperature and humidity for a period of time such that the structural component attains a predetermined moisture content and distribution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Airbus Operations Limited
    Inventors: Richard Adams, Peter Griggs, Glenn Watson
  • Patent number: 8703879
    Abstract: A continuous process for the multistage drying and postcondensation of polyamide pellets in the solid phase comprises 1) carrying out the predrying process in a continuous drying apparatus which is operated in countercurrent mode or in crossflow mode with inert gas or steam, or with a mixture of inert gas and steam, using a pellet temperature in the range from 70 to 200° C., and 2) Carrying out the subsequent continuous postcondensation process in a separate vertical duct with moving bed at a pellet temperature in the range from 120 to 210° C., where the duct is operated in countercurrent mode with inert gas or steam, or with a mixture of inert gas and steam, the inert gas is introduced at least two sites along the duct, and from 15 to 90% of the inert gas is introduced at the base of the vertical duct and from 10 to 85% of the inert gas is introduced in the upper half below the surface of the pellets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Wolfgang Loth, Faissal-Ali El-Toufaili, Achim Stammer, Gad Kory, Achim Gerstlauer, Jens Becker
  • Patent number: 8680230
    Abstract: The invention provides a production process of a poly(arylene sulfide) which contains a step of polymerizing a sulfur source and a dihalo-aromatic compound in an organic amide solvent, said polymerization step containing a phase-separation polymerization step that the polymerization reaction is continued in the presence of a phase separation agent in a phase-separated state, wherein a monohalo-organic compound is added in a proportion of 0.005 to 20 mol per 100 mol of the charged sulfur source into the polymerization reaction system at the time a conversion of the dihalo-aromatic compound has reached 80 to 99% after initiation of the polymerization reaction and before the liquid phase becomes the phase-separated state to be reacted with a formed polymer, and the liquid phase within the polymerization reaction system is then converted to the phase-separated state to continue the polymerization reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Kureha Corporation
    Inventors: Akihiro Konno, Ken-ichi Takaki, Hiroshi Sakabe
  • Patent number: 8680229
    Abstract: The present invention is aimed to provide a method for producing a polyester with reduced CD content and elution amount, in which even after the production method, a reduction in physical properties of the polyester is small, and furthermore, a polyester having good moldability can be produced, and the present invention is concerned with a method for producing a polyester including an esterification reaction step of allowing an aliphatic diol and an aliphatic dicarboxylic acid to react with each other; a step of pelletizing a polyester obtained through the esterification reaction step; and a contact treatment step of bringing the obtained polyester pellets into contact with a mixed solution containing ethanol and water, wherein the mixed solution contains water in an amount of 10% by mass or more and not more than 99% by mass relative to the whole of the mixed solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Naoya Maeda, Shinichiro Matsuzono, Takayuki Suzuki, Hiromichi Matsui
  • Patent number: 8653150
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for decomposing, in the presence of subcritical water, a thermosetting resin comprising a polyester moiety and a crosslinking moiety therewith to provide a compound comprising an acid residue derived from the polyester moiety and a residue derived from the crosslinking moiety, and collecting the compound in an efficient yield, specifically, which comprises steps of: (I) decomposing the thermosetting resin in the presence of subcritical water to provide a solid comprising a compound comprising an acid residue derived from the polyester moiety and a residue derived from the crosslinking moiety, (II) subjecting the solid to an organic solvent to dissolve the compound into the organic solvent, wherein the organic solvent has a higher solubility which can dissolve the compound than that of water, and (III) collecting, separating or isolating the compound from the organic solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignees: Panasonic Corporation, International Center for Environmental Technology Transfer
    Inventors: Takumi Izumitani, Takaharu Nakagawa, Masaru Hidaka, Keishi Shibata, Junko Matsui
  • Patent number: 8609790
    Abstract: The invention provides a production process of a granular poly(arylene sulfide) by polymerizing a sulfur source and a dihalo-aromatic compound in an organic amide solvent by a polymerization process containing a phase-separation polymerization step, wherein the production process contains a step I of adding an aromatic compound in a proportion of 0.01 to 20 mol per 100 mol of the organic amide solvent into the liquid phase containing the organic amide solvent and a formed polymer within the polymerization reaction system, said liquid phase being in the phase-separated state, after the phase-separation polymerization step; a step II of cooling the liquid phase within the polymerization reaction system; and a step III of collecting the formed polymer from the liquid phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Kureha Corporation
    Inventors: Kenji Suzuki, Tomoyoshi Koizumi, Yoshinori Shiojiri
  • Patent number: 8580124
    Abstract: A solvent that reversibly converts from a hydrophobic liquid form to hydrophilic liquid form upon contact with water and a selected trigger, e.g., contact with CO2, is described. The hydrophilic liquid form is readily converted back to the hydrophobic liquid form and water. The hydrophobic liquid is an amidine or amine. The hydrophilic liquid form comprises an amidinium salt or an ammonium salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignees: Queen's University at Kingston, GreenCentre Canada
    Inventors: Philip G. Jessop, Lam N. Phan, Andrew J. Carrier, Rui Resendes, Dominik Wechsler
  • Patent number: 8557949
    Abstract: Process for the production of di- and poly(diamino diphenyl methane) comprising the steps of (a) reacting aniline and formaldehyde in the presence of an acid catalyst to produce a reaction mixture containing di- and polyamines; (b) neutralizing the reaction mixture containing di- and polyamines; (c) separating the neutralized reaction mixture into an organic phase containing di- and polyamines and an aqueous phase; (d) further treating the organic phase separated off in step (c) by (d1) washing with water followed by (d2) separating the washed mixture into an organic phase and an aqueous phase and (d3) further fractionation of the organic phase to produce purified di- and polyamines on the one hand and aniline/water on the other hand; (e) further treating the aqueous phase separated off in step (c) by (e1) washing with aniline followed by (e2) separating the washed mixture into an aqueous phase and an organic phase and (e3) further treatment of the aqueous phase to remove the aniline thereby leaving an efflu
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Huntsman International LLC
    Inventors: Robert Carr, Johannes Lodewijk Koole, Willem Van Der Borden
  • Patent number: 8552143
    Abstract: High molecular weight disulfide polymers are synthesized in aqueous media by exposing dithiol compounds to a mild oxidizing environment in the presence of a tertiary amine catalyst. The unique oxidizing system polymerizes monomers through the formation of sulfur-sulfur bonds between dithiol compounds. The same oxidizing system may be used to make disulfide-crosslinked gels from compounds containing multiple thiol groups. The oxidizing system is comprised of oxygen at atmospheric concentration and dilute hydrogen peroxide. A filler such as carbon black may be incorporated into the polymer or cross-linked gel during polymerization. A polydisulfide polymer is provided having a weight average molecular weight of greater than about 100,000 g/mol and a polydispersity index of about 2 or less. A tetrathiol composition results from a reaction of a diacrylate with a trithiol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: The University of Akron
    Inventors: Judit E. Puskas, Emily Q. Rosenthal
  • Patent number: 8546455
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of solubilizing expanded polystyrene (EPS), in which the EPS is brought into contact with at least one initial solvent, enabling the transition of the EPS from an expanded solid state to the gel state. The aforementioned gel is subsequently treated with at least one complementary solvent that is different from the initial solvent, enabling the solubilization thereof such as to produce a true solution. The invention also relates to the product thus obtained and to the use of said product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Eska
    Inventors: Franck Poutch, Pierre Dalet, José Alcorta
  • Patent number: 8546521
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for filtering a fluid containing nanoparticles. The systems and methods generally include introducing a stream of the nanoparticle-containing fluid into a holding vessel, and extracting at least a part of a nanoparticle-containing fluid accumulated in the holding vessel. The extracted nanoparticle-containing fluid is passed through a filtration module to separate a nanoparticle-containing retentate from a permeate, and the retentate is returned to the vessel. The filtration cycle can be repeated until a desired concentration of the nanoparticles is achieved in the holding vessel. In many embodiments, the generation of the nanoparticle-containing fluid and its filtration are performed concurrently.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Cerulean Pharma Inc.
    Inventors: J. Michael Ramstack, John Podobinski
  • Patent number: 8541540
    Abstract: A continuous process is disclosed for the extraction of monomeric caprolactam and its oligomers as the raw polymer product obtained in the polymerization of polyamide-6 in which no fresh water, but processing water or previously used extraction water is used for the granulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Lurgi Zimmer GmbH
    Inventors: Klaus Kirsten, Manfred Albrecht, Franz Samlitschka
  • Patent number: 8530618
    Abstract: Process for recovering a polymer by injection of steam, and optionally liquid water, into a solution of this polymer comprising a polar aprotic organic solvent (PAOS) that has an azeotrope with water and an apolar organic compound that is miscible with the PAOS and immiscible with water and that acts as a phase separation agent (PSA), the boiling point of which is below that of the water/PAOS azeotrope, the amount of steam injected being sufficient to give rise to the substantial removal of the PSA via stripping and that of the PAOS via azeotropic distillation, and the total amount of water being sufficient to give rise to the precipitation of the polymer, this process being characterized in that the polymer solution also comprises an alcohol, at least during the precipitation of the polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Solvay
    Inventors: Jean-Christophe Lepers, Denis Geets, Jean-Raphael Caille
  • Patent number: 8492513
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for producing a silicone hydrogel having a high water content. The method comprises the following steps: (a) polymerizing a monomer mixture to form the silicone hydrogel, wherein the monomer mixture comprises at least one silicon-containing monomer and at least one ionic monomer; and (b) placing the silicone hydrogel in an alkaline solution for at least 20 minutes, wherein the alkaline solution has a pH not less than 7.5 and the ionic monomer is present in an amount not less than 0.7 wt % based on the total dry weight of the silicone hydrogel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Far Eastern New Century Corporation
    Inventors: Chih-Ta Lee, Ching-Ping Huang, Yi-Hsuan Chang, Ken-Yuan Chang
  • Patent number: 8481673
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for reducing the content of a metal catalyst in a biodegradable and absorbable polymer that can be applied on an industrial scale and a method for producing a biodegradable and bioabsorbable polymer having a metal catalyst content of less than 1 ppm in terms of a metal. The method includes the steps of (1) copolymerizing lactide and ?-caprolactone at a molar ratio ranging from 40/60 to 60/40 or 65/35 to 85/15 in the presence of the metal catalyst to produce a copolymer; and (2) washing the copolymer with a mixed solvent comprising acetic acid and isopropanol at a volume ratio ranging from 25/75 to 45/55 or 45/55 to 55/45 at less than 40° C., and drying the copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Gunze Limited
    Inventors: Hidetoshi Arimura, Yoshitake Takahashi, Koji Yamauchi
  • Patent number: 8466257
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for the recovery and purification of solid salt compositions from an organic liquid containing epoxy resin and at least one of epihalohydrin and solvent to obtain purified salt and/or brine compositions that may be useful in industrial processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Thomas C. Young, Ha Q. Pham, Shuji Maeda
  • Patent number: 8445629
    Abstract: A method for producing an acid group-containing polyarylene sulfide of the present invention includes a reaction step of reacting a polyhaloaromatic compound (a), an alkali metal hydrosulfide (b), and an alkali metal carboxylate (c) in the presence of a solid alkali metal sulfide and a lithium ion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: DIC Corporation
    Inventors: Toshio Hinokimori, Nobuhiko Yamauchi, Takashi Furusawa
  • Patent number: 8440738
    Abstract: Embodiments of silicone hydrogels, ophthalmic lenses made therefrom, and methods of making the same are described. Fully hydrated silicone hydrogels have relatively high water content and oxygen permeability, along with relatively low modulus of elasticity. Embodiments of the silicone hydrogels in substantially dehydrated condition are adapted to lathe cutting at or above room temperature. Variations of the silicone hydrogels include silicon-containing monomers in an amount greater than 25% by weight, a hydrophilic substituted N-vinyl acetamide monomer in an amount greater than 30% by weight, and a hydrophilic non-acetamide monomer in an amount resulting in a hydrophilic substituted N-vinyl acetamide monomer to hydrophilic non-acetamide monomer weight to weight ratio of greater than 2.1 to 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Inventors: Timothy Higgs, Tristan Tapper, Richard Young
  • Patent number: 8426552
    Abstract: A method for producing an acid group-containing polyarylene sulfide of the present invention includes a reaction step of reacting a polyhaloaromatic compound (a), an alkali metal hydrosulfide (b), an alkali metal carboxylate (c), and an aromatic compound (d) having an elimination group and an acid group, which function in a nucleophilic reaction, in the presence of a solid alkali metal sulfide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: DIC Corporation
    Inventors: Toshio Hinokimori, Nobuhiko Yamauchi, Takashi Furusawa
  • Patent number: 8426480
    Abstract: Methods of reclaiming plastic from infectious medical waste and manufacturing medical devices from reclaimed plastic are described. Medical devices made from plastic reclaimed from infectious medical waste are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Becton, Dickinson and Company
    Inventors: Richard Ji, Kenneth McCord
  • Patent number: 8420702
    Abstract: Process for recycling a fiber reinforced polymer article, according to which the article, eventually cut in fragments, is dissolved in a solvent capable of dissolving the polymer but not the fibers and which is susceptible of forming an azeotrope with water, forming a solution; the fibers are recovered from the solution; the fibers are washed with solvent by putting them in the form of a slurry in the solvent and by agitating the slurry and/or by making the solvent circulate through it; the washed fibers are recovered from the slurry; and the recovered fibers are submitted to a stripping with steam in order to substantially remove the solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: Solvay S.A.
    Inventors: Jacques Van Weynbergh, Stephane Noel
  • Patent number: 8420737
    Abstract: A method for removing residual styrene monomers from co-extrudates comprising polystyrene and water-insoluble, crosslinked polyvinylpyrrolidone, which comprises subjecting an aqueous suspension of the particulate solid co-extrudate to a heat treatment at temperatures of 60 to 99° C., the weight ratio of solid co-extrudate to water in the suspension being 1:1.5 to 1:20, and the concentration of the suspension being kept constant during the treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Helmut Meffert, Marianna Pierobon, Ates Erk, Hermann Josef Feise, Robert Bayer
  • Patent number: 8404753
    Abstract: A method of degrading a water-soluble, synthetic polymeric film being at least partially covered with a paint material. The method includes placing the film in an extractor apparatus and separating the paint material from the film. The paint material is collected from a water-based solution with a filtration media. The film is degraded in the extractor apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Inventor: Robert Joseph Hanlon, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8404754
    Abstract: A process for recycling a coloured thermoplastic material comprising an absorbed disperse dye comprises contacting the optionally comminuted coloured thermoplastic material with a caustic wash and recovering an at least partly colour-modified thermoplastic composition from the caustic wash.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Colormatrix Europe Limited
    Inventors: Mark Frost, Fuquan Zeng, Victoria Sayer
  • Patent number: 8383703
    Abstract: A process is provided for producing discrete solid beads of polymeric material e.g. phenolic resin having a mesoporous structure, which process may produce resin beads on an industrial scale without aggregates of resin building up speedily and interrupting production. The process comprises the steps of: (a) combining a stream of a polymerizable liquid precursor e.g. a novolac and hexamine as cross-linking agent dissolved in a first polar organic liquid e.g. ethylene glycol with a stream of a liquid suspension medium which is a second non-polar organic liquid with which the liquid precursor is substantially or completely immiscible e.g. transformer oil containing a drying oil; (b) mixing the combined stream to disperse the polymerizable liquid precursor as droplets in the suspension medium e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited
    Inventors: Stephen Robert Tennison, Jonathan Robert Tunbridge, Roger Nicholas Place, Oleksandr Kozynchenko
  • Patent number: 8372934
    Abstract: Organopolysiloxanes with consistent product properties are prepared while minimizing alcohol usage in the hydrolysis of chlorosilanes by use of a vertical continuous loop reactor having a heating unit on an ascending side of the loop which is regulated such that the temperature of the reactant mixture is within ±5° C. of a set value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Wacker Chemie AG
    Inventor: Gerhard Staiger
  • Patent number: 8349974
    Abstract: A biaxially oriented polyarylene sulfide film which has an excellent elongation at break and flatness is provided. The biaxially oriented film may be a biaxially oriented polyarylene sulfide film which is substantially composed of a polyarylene sulfide resin (A), wherein one of the elongations at break in the machine direction and in the transverse direction of the film is not lower than 110%; one of the breaking stresses in the machine direction and in the transverse direction of the film of the film is not higher than 200 MPa; and both of the heat shrinkage ratio in the machine direction of the film and that in the transverse direction of the film at 260° C. for 10 minutes are not less than 0% and not more than 10%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: Toray Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Tetsuya Machida, Masatoshi Ohkura, Yasuyuki Imanishi
  • Patent number: 8338563
    Abstract: Method for purifying a solution of at least one plastic in a solvent, the said solution comprising insolubles, whereby the solution is purified using a centrifugal settler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: Solvay (Societe Anonyme)
    Inventor: Bernard Vandenhende
  • Patent number: 8329832
    Abstract: A method for producing a cyclic polyarylene sulfide, wherein a cyclic polyarylene sulfide is produced by heating a reaction mixture which is composed of at least a linear polyarylene sulfide (a), a sulfidizing agent (b), a dihalogenated aromatic compound (c) and an organic polar solvent (d). This method for producing a cyclic polyarylene sulfide is characterized in that not less than 1.25 liters of the organic polar solvent is used per 1 mole of the sulfur content in the reaction mixture. This method enables to efficiently produce a cyclic polyarylene sulfide, more specifically cyclic oligoarylene sulfide by an economical and simple process in short time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: Toray Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Shunsuke Horiuchi, Kohei Yamashita, Kayo Tsuchiya, Koji Yamauchi
  • Patent number: 8329814
    Abstract: Briefly described, embodiments of this disclosure include ink formulation and modified pigments. One exemplary modified pigment, among others, includes a pigment A represented by the formula in FIG. 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Zeying Ma, Gregg A. Lane, Yuan Yu, Xiaohe Chen, George M. Sarkisian