Plural Rings Bonded Directly To The Same Sulfur Patents (Class 568/48)
  • Patent number: 8859819
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a compound of the general formula (I) where: X?S, SO or SO2; and one of the radicals R1 and R2 is a hydrogen atom and the other is a radical: a C1 to C18 linear or branched alkyl, optionally substituted by one or more halogen atom(s); a C2 to C18 linear or branched alkenyl, optionally substituted by one or more halogen atom(s); an aralkyl, optionally substituted by one or more C1 to C6 alkoxy group(s); or a COR3 or CONHR3, but not simultaneously, where R3 is a radical: a C1 to C18 linear or branched alkyl, optionally substituted by one or more halogen atom(s); a C2 to C18 linear or branched alkenyl, optionally substituted by one or more halogen atom(s); an aralkyl, optionally substituted by one or more C1 to C6 alkoxy group(s); an aralkenyl, optionally substituted by one or more C1 to C6 alkoxy groups and/or one or more OH group(s); or an aryl radical, optionally substituted by one or more C1 to C6 alkoxy group(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Pierre Fabre Dermo-Cosmetique
    Inventor: Stéphane Poigny
  • Publication number: 20140228265
    Abstract: A bridged dimeric or oligomeric phenolic compound comprising: at least one monomer unit (a) of phenol or an alkyl-substituted phenol wherein the alkyl group contains 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or mixtures thereof; at least one monomer unit (b) of an aliphatic hydrocar-byl-substituted phenol wherein the aliphatic hydrocarbyl group contains at least about 25 carbon atoms, or mixtures thereof; and at least one sulfur-containing or carbon-containing bridging group; or a salt of said oligomeric material; wherein the average number of carbon atoms in said alkyl groups and said aliphatic hydrocarbyl groups is 10 to 100.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2012
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Stephen J. Cook, Christopher L. Friend, Gary M. Walker
  • Publication number: 20140099662
    Abstract: The present invention provides a phototoxicity test method using human retinal pigment epithelial cells, and so on.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2012
    Publication date: April 10, 2014
    Applicant: SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY, LIMITED
    Inventors: Satoshi Ando, Koichi Saito
  • Publication number: 20140100342
    Abstract: Disclosed in the present invention are a fluorine-containing polymerizable compound of the general formula (1) and a polymer compound obtained therefrom: where A represents a single bond, an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom, SO2, CH2, CO, C(CH3)2, C(CH3)(CH2CH3), C(CF3)2, C(CH3)(C6H5), CH2—C6H4—CH2 or a divalent organic group obtained by elimination of two hydrogen atoms from benzene, biphenyl, naphthalene, cyclohexene or fluorene; and a and b each independently represent an integer of 0 to 2 and satisfy a relationship of 1?a+b?4. The thus-obtained polymer compound combines adequate hydrophilicity and high transparency with low water adsorption of fluorine-containing compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2012
    Publication date: April 10, 2014
    Applicant: Central Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Junya Nakatsuji, Makoto Matsuura, Kazuhiro Yamanaka
  • Publication number: 20140038871
    Abstract: Described are multi-ring antioxidant products comprising at least one sulfur-bridged aromatic hydrocarbon compound substituted on at least one of its aromatic rings by at least one sterically hindered 3,5-dihydrocarbyl-4-hydroxybenzyl moiety. Such products have the formula: R—Sn—R[—S—R]m wherein each R is, independently, an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6-12 carbon atoms, wherein m is 0-20, wherein n is 1-6 when m is 0, and when n is 1, m is 1-20; and wherein at least one of R, R1, and R2 is substituted by at least one such sterically hindered moiety. The preparation of such products and their use as antioxidants in compositions normally susceptible to oxidative degradation in oxygen or air, e.g., liquid fuel and lubricants, are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2013
    Publication date: February 6, 2014
    Applicant: Albemarle Corporation
    Inventor: Mahmood Sabahi
  • Patent number: 8513466
    Abstract: The present invention is directed towards a new class of semi-conducting acene derivatives. These compounds are all soluble species and they all possess superior resistance to photooxidation as compared to their counterparts that lack the substitution patterns disclosed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: University of New Hampshire
    Inventors: Glen P. Miller, Irvinder Kaur
  • Publication number: 20130149641
    Abstract: To provide a charge controlling agent for electrophotography, which presents sufficient triboelectric chargeability to a toner, is useful particularly for a color toner and further for a polymerized toner, increases a charge rising rate, has a high electric charge amount, is excellent in charging characteristics, stability over time and environmental stability and yet is safe without posing any problem regarding waste regulations, and a negatively chargeable toner for developing an electrostatic image, which uses such a charge controlling agent and which has a high charging performance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2011
    Publication date: June 13, 2013
    Applicant: HODOGAYA CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Ikuo Kimura, Masami Ito, Masaya Tojo, Masafumi Asakai
  • Publication number: 20130109758
    Abstract: This invention provides compounds having a structure of Formula (I). Uses of such compounds for treatment of various indications, including prostate cancer as well as methods of treatment involving such compounds are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 6, 2011
    Publication date: May 2, 2013
    Applicants: THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, BRITISH COLUMBIA CANCER AGENCY BRANCH
    Inventors: Marianne D. Sadar, Nasrin R. Mawji, Carmen Adriana Banuelos, Raymond J. Andersen, Javier Garcia Fernandez
  • Publication number: 20130035304
    Abstract: This invention relates to compounds which selectively bind to the survival protein MCL-1 with high affinity and selectivity, pharmaceutical compositions containing such compounds and the use of those compounds or compositions for modulating MCL-1 activity and for treating hyperproliferative disorders, angiogenesis disorders, cell cycle regulation disorders, autophagy regulation disorders, inflammatory disorders, and/or infectious disorders and/or for enhancing cellular engraftment and/or wound repair, as a sole agent or in combination with other active ingredients.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 31, 2011
    Publication date: February 7, 2013
    Inventors: Loren D. Walensky, Michelle L. Stewart, Nicole Cohen
  • Patent number: 8357701
    Abstract: Therapeutic agents for treatment of Galactosemia and disorders thereof, and other enzyme related disorders thereof are identified. The compounds inhibit galactokinase (GALK) and other kinase activity and are identified by a high throughput screening assay.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2013
    Assignee: University of Miami
    Inventors: Kent Lai, Klass Jan Wierenga, Manshu Tang
  • Publication number: 20120130117
    Abstract: Disclosed is a photo-acid generator having high developing properties, a cationic polymerization initiator having high curing properties, and a resist composition and a cationically polymerizable composition containing the photo-acid generator and the cationic polymerization initiator, respectively. Specifically, disclosed is an aromatic sulfonium salt compound of general formula (I) and a photo-acid generator, a cationic polymerization initiator, a resist composition, and a cationically polymerizable composition containing the compound. In formula (I), R1 to R19 are each hydrogen, halogen, hydroxyl, optionally hydroxyl-substituted C1-C18 alkyl, optionally hydroxyl-substituted C1-C18 alkoxy, optionally hydroxyl-substituted C1-C18 thioalkoxy, etc.; An? is a monovalent anion; at least one of R1 to R19 is a substituent selected from the group consisting of hydroxyl, hydroxyl-substituted C1-C12 ester group, hydroxyl-substituted C1-C18 alkoxy, and hydroxyl-substituted C1-C18 thioalkoxy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2010
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Applicant: ADEKA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshie Makabe, Yuta Okuyama
  • Publication number: 20120034176
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a compound of the general formula (I) where: X?S, SO or SO2; and one of the radicals R1 and R2 is a hydrogen atom and the other is a radical: a C1 to C18 linear or branched alkyl, optionally substituted by one or more halogen atom(s); a C2 to C18 linear or branched alkenyl, optionally substituted by one or more halogen atom(s); an aralkyl, optionally substituted by one or more C1 to C6alkoxy group(s); or a COR3 or CONHR3, but not simultaneously, where R3 is a radical: a C1 to C18 linear or branched alkyl, optionally substituted by one or more halogen atom(s); a C2 to C18 linear or branched alkenyl, optionally substituted by one or more halogen atom(s); an aralkyl, optionally substituted by one or more C1 to C6alkoxy group(s); an aralkenyl, optionally substituted by one or more C1 to C6 alkoxy groups and/or one or more OH group(s); or an aryl radical, optionally substituted by one or more C1 to C6 alkoxy group(s).
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 8, 2010
    Publication date: February 9, 2012
    Applicant: PIERRE FABRE DERMO-COSMETIQUE
    Inventor: Stéphane Poigny
  • Publication number: 20110251236
    Abstract: Therapeutic agents for treatment of Galactosemia and disorders thereof, and other enzyme related disorders thereof are identified. The compounds inhibit galactokinase (GALK) and other kinase activity and are identified by a high throughput screening assay.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 14, 2008
    Publication date: October 13, 2011
    Applicant: University of Miami
    Inventors: Kent Lai, Klass Jan Wierenga, Manshu Tang
  • Publication number: 20110130593
    Abstract: The present invention is directed towards a new class of semi-conducting nonacene derivatives. These compounds are all soluble species and they all possess superior resistance to oxidation as compared to their counterparts that lack the substitution patterns disclosed herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2009
    Publication date: June 2, 2011
    Inventors: Glen P. Miller, Irvinder Kaur
  • Publication number: 20110124540
    Abstract: Described are multi-ring antioxidant products comprising at least one sulfur-bridged aromatic hydrocarbon compound substituted on at least one of its aromatic rings by at least one sterically hindered 3,5-dihydrocarbyl-4-hydroxybenzyl moiety. Such products have the formula: R—Sn—R[—S—R]m wherein each R is, independently, an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6-12 carbon atoms, wherein m is 0-20, wherein n is 1-6 when m is 0, and when n is 1, m is 1-20; and wherein at least one of R, R1, and R2 is substituted by at least one such sterically hindered moiety. The preparation of such products and their use as antioxidants in compositions normally susceptible to oxidative degradation in oxygen or air, e.g., liquid fuel and lubricants, are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2009
    Publication date: May 26, 2011
    Applicant: ALBEMARLE CORPORATION
    Inventor: Mahmood Sabahi
  • Publication number: 20110110886
    Abstract: Autotaxin (ATX) is a prometastatic enzyme initially isolated from the conditioned media of human melanoma cells that stimulates a myriad of biological activities including angiogenesis and the promotion of cell growth, survival, and differentiation through the production of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). ATX increases the aggressiveness and invasiveness of transformed cells, and ATX levels directly correlate with tumor stage and grade in several human malignancies. To study the role of ATX in the pathogenesis of malignant melanoma, we developed antibodies and small molecule inhibitors against recombinant human protein. Immunohistochemistry of paraffin embedded human tissue demonstrates that ATX levels are markedly increased in human primary and metastatic melanoma relative to benign nevi. Chemical screens identified several small molecule inhibitors with binding constants ranging from nanomolar to low micromolar.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2009
    Publication date: May 12, 2011
    Inventor: Demetrios Braddock
  • Publication number: 20100087563
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula (I), wherein L1, L2, L3 and L4 independently of one another are hydrogen or an organic substituent; R is for example C1-C20alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, C2-C20alkenyl, substituted C1-C20alkyl; X is O, S, NRa or NCORa; Ra is for example hydrogen or C1-C20alkyl; and Y is an inorganic or organic anion; are suitable as photolatent acid generators.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2007
    Publication date: April 8, 2010
    Inventors: Pascal Hayoz, Jean-Luc Birbaum, Stephan Ilg
  • Publication number: 20030216586
    Abstract: The invention concerns bi-aromatic compounds of formula (I) in which Ar represents (a), Z being O or S, R1 is CH3, —CH2—O—R6, —OR6 or —COR7; R2 is —OR8, —SR8 or a polyether radical if in the latter case R4 is C1-C20alkyl and is in ortho or meta position relative to X—Ar: R3 is alkyl or R2 and R3 together form a cycle optionally interrupted by O or S, R4 is aryl radical; R5 is H, halogen, C1-C20 alkly or —OR8; R6 is H, alkyl or —COR9; R7 is H, alkyl, —N(r′)(r″) or —OR10; R8 is H, alkyl or —COR9; R9 is alkyl; R10 is H, C1-C20 alkyl, alkenyl, monohydroxyalkyl or polyhydroxyalyl, aryl or aralkyl or a sugar residue, r′ and r″ are H, alkyl mono- or polyhydroxyalkyl, aryl, an amino acid or sugar residue or together form a heterocycle, X represents a radical of formula (d) or (e) in which R11 is H or —OR6; R12 is H or alkyl; or R11 and R12 form an oxo radical, and the salts, optical and geometrical isomers of t
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2001
    Publication date: November 20, 2003
    Applicant: Galderma Research & Development
    Inventors: Jean-Michel Bernardon, Simon Trouille
  • Publication number: 20020052530
    Abstract: Indane dimer compounds of general formula 5, 6 or 9 and their pharmaceutical use, particularly to achieve smooth muscle relaxing activity and/or mast cell stabilizing activity and/or antiinflammatory activity are described, wherein in formulae 5 and 9, R1 and R3 to R15, and in formula 6, R1, R2 and R4 to R15, are selected from one or more of the same or different of: H, halo, hydroxy, alkoxy, aryloxy, acetoxy, carboxy, alkyl carbonyl, hydro carbonyl, amino, amido, alkylamino, hydroxylamino, amine oxide groups, azo groups, cyano, hydrazino groups, hydrazide groups, hydrazone groups, imide groups, iminoether groups, ureyl groups, oximc, nitro, nitrate, nitrite, nitroso groups, nitrile, heterocyclic groups containing one or more heteroatoms selected from N, O or S, aralkyl groups, mono and polybenzoid aryl groups, substituted aryl groups, thiol, thioureyl, phenylthiol groups, sulphonic acid groups, sulphoxide groups, sulphone groups, alkyl containing 1 to 10 carbon atoms or cycloalkyl groups containing 3 to 8 ca
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 8, 1998
    Publication date: May 2, 2002
    Inventors: JOHN WALSH, NEIL FRANKISH, HELEN SHERIDAN, WILLIAM BYRNE
  • Publication number: 20020006957
    Abstract: This invention provides certain compounds, methods of their preparation, pharmaceutical compositions comprising the compounds, their use in treating human or animal disorders. The compounds of the invention are useful as modulators of the interaction between the receptor for advanced glycated end products (RAGE) and its ligands, such as advanced glycated end products (AGEs), S100/calgranulin/EN-RAGE, &bgr;-amyloid and amphoterin, and for the management, treatment, control, or as an adjunct treatment for diseases in humans caused by RAGE. Such diseases or disease states include acute and chronic inflammation, the development of diabetic late complications such as increased vascular permeability, nephropathy, atherosclerosis, and retinopathy, the development of Alzheimer's disease, erectile dysfunction, and tumor invasion and metastasis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2001
    Publication date: January 17, 2002
    Inventors: Adnan M.M. Mjalli, Ramesh Gopalaswamy, Kwasi S. Avor, Christopher L. Wysong, Andrew Patron
  • Patent number: 5846926
    Abstract: A novel class of nonionic gemini surfactants and methods for their preparation consist of compounds with three hydrophilic heads and two lipophilic tails of the general formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 and R.sub.3 independently represents a C.sub.1 to C.sub.22 straight or branched chain alkyl, alkylene, aryl or alkylaryl, or hydrogen, with the proviso that both cannot be hydrogen; R.sub.2 represents a C.sub.1 to C.sub.5 straight or branched chain alkyl, alkylene or hydrogen, (Y) represents ##STR2## wherein R.sub.4 represents C.sub.1 to C.sub.3 alkyl or hydrogen and may be the same or different; X represents --(CH.sub.2).sub.a -- wherein a is a whole number of from 1 to 5; --S--, --S--S--, --SO.sub.2, --(CH.sub.2).sub.a SO.sub.2 (CH.sub.2).sub.a --,--O--, --C.dbd.O, or --CH.sub.2 --NR--CH.sub.2 -- wherein R is a C.sub.1 to C.sub.3 straight or branched chain alkyl, alkylene or hydrogen and x, y, and z are whole numbers of from about 6 to about 300.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1998
    Assignee: Rhodia Inc.
    Inventors: David James Tracy, Ruoxin Li, Jiang Yang
  • Patent number: 5663453
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula ##STR1## in which: n is 0, 1 or 2, and, if n is 2, the two radicals R.sub.3 are identical or different;R.sub.2 is methyl, fluorine, chlorine or bromine;R.sub.3 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 -alkyl, halo-C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkoxy, halo-C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkoxy, fluorine, chlorine or bromine:R.sub.5 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.9 alkyl andX is methylene, O, S or C(.dbd.O):can be used as intermediates for agrochemical active ingredients.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 2, 1997
    Assignee: Ciba-Geiby Corporation
    Inventor: Friedrich Karrer
  • Patent number: 5583230
    Abstract: A novel mildew resistant polymerizable compound of the formula: ##STR1## wherein X is --0-- or --S--; and Y is a residue of a known mildew proofing compound, preferably, a residue of a compound selected from the group consisting of phenol substituted with 1 to 5 halogen atoms, p-chloro-m-cresol, o-phenylphenol, p-chloro-m-xylenol, salicylanilide, 8-hydroxyquinoline, 2-(4'-thiazolyl)benzimidazole, 2,5-dibromo-4-methylaniline, 1,2-benzoisothiazolin-3-one and 2-pyridinethiol-1-oxide. A polymer of the compound [I] and polyurethane composition containing the polymer are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1996
    Assignee: Toyo Boseki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Hideyuki Mitamura, Yoshikazu Arimatsu
  • Patent number: 5488180
    Abstract: This invention relates to complex hydrophobe compounds and to alkoxylation products, i.e., condensation reaction products of alkylene oxides and complex hydrophobe compounds having at least one active hydrogen. This invention also relates to alkoxylation products that have beneficial, narrow molecular weight ranges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 30, 1996
    Assignee: Union Carbide Chemicals & Plastics Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Richard D. Jenkins, David R. Bassett, Danny E. Smith, John N. Argyropoulos, James E. Loftus, Gregory D. Shay
  • Patent number: 5463133
    Abstract: The present invention is to provide phenethyl alcohol derivative represented by the general formula (I), which is a stabilizing agent for colored images, particularly improved in resistance to plasticizers for the use in recording materials. ##STR1## (wherein Y: formula (II) or formula (III) R.sup.1 : H, alkyl, aralkylR.sup.2, R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 : halogen, nitro, alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkenyloxy,R.sup.5, R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 : H, alkyl,Z: --SO.sub.2 --, --CO--, --C(CH.sub.3).sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 31, 1995
    Assignee: Nippon Soda Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takehiro Sato, Kimiaki Kinosita, Minoru Kaeriyama, Tomoya Hidaka
  • Patent number: 5427701
    Abstract: Novel compositions are described which comprises an elastomer or a lubricant and at least one compound of the formulae I or II ##STR1## The symbols R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, Z.sub.1 and Z.sub.2 are as defined in claim 1.The compounds of the formula II and some of the compounds of the formula I are novel, and they are used especially as antioxidants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 27, 1995
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Hans R. Meier, Samuel Evans, Paul Dubs
  • Patent number: 5376290
    Abstract: Novel compositions are described which comprise an elastomer or a lubricant and at least one compound of the formulae I or II ##STR1## The symbols R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, Z.sub.1 and Z.sub.2 are as defined in claim 1.The compounds of the formula II and some of the compounds of the formula I are novel, and they are used especially as antioxidants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 27, 1994
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Hans R. Meier, Samuel Evans, Paul Dubs
  • Patent number: 5319144
    Abstract: Thiobisphenols of the formula: ##STR1## wherein X is 1, 2, 3 or 4 and R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are straight or branch-chained alkyl group of 1 to 10 carbon atoms, which are useful as antiodiants and synergists for antioxidants, are prepared by reaction of a 2,6-dialkylphenol with an excess of sulfur in a solvent comprising a mixture of an alcohol and water wherein the solvent contains from 10 to 50 wt. % of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1994
    Assignee: Pennzoil Products Company
    Inventor: I. Ching Chiu
  • Patent number: 5288742
    Abstract: The invention concerns .alpha.,.alpha.-dialkylbenzyl derivatives of the formula I ##STR1## wherein Ar.sup.1 is phenyl or naphthyl, or a 10-membered bicyclic heterocyclic moiety containing one or two nitrogen heteroatoms and optionally containing a further heteroatom selected from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur;A.sup.1 is a direct link to X.sup.1 or is (1-3C)alkylene;X.sup.1 is oxy, thio, sulphinyl or sulphonyl;the phenylene group may optionally bear one or two substituents R.sup.3 ;each of R.sup.1 and R.sup.2, which may be the same or different, is (1-4C)alkyl, (2-4C)alkenyl, (2-4C)alkynyl, fluoro-(1-4C)alkyl, phenyl or phenyl-(1-4C)alkyl, provided that both of R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are not methyl or fluoromethyl; andQ is cyano, amino, nitro, formyl, (1-4C)alkoxy, thiazolyl or (2-4C)alkanoyl;or a pharmaceutically-acceptable salt thereof;processes for their manufacture; pharmaceutical compositions containing them and their use as 5-lipoxygenase inhibitors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 22, 1994
    Assignees: Imperial Chemical Industries PLC, ICI Pharma
    Inventors: Philip N. Edwards, David Waterson
  • Patent number: 5214070
    Abstract: The invention concerns a diaryl ether cycloalkane of the formula I, or a pharmaceutically-acceptable salt thereof, ##STR1## wherein Ar.sup.1 is optionally substituted phenyl or naphthyl; X.sup.1 is oxy, thio, sulphinyl or sulphonyl;Ar.sup.2 is optionally substituted phenylene, or a 6-membered heterocyclene moiety containing up to three nitrogen atoms;R.sup.1 is (1-6C)alkyl, (3-6C)alkenyl, (3-6C)alkynyl, cyano-(1-4C)alkyl or (2-4C)alkanoyl, or optionally substituted benzoyl; andR.sup.2 and R.sup.3 together form a (3-6C)alkylene group which defines an optionally substituted ring having 4 to 7 ring atoms.The invention also concerns processes for the manufacture of a diaryl ether cycloalkane of the formula I, or a pharmaceutically-acceptable salt thereof, and pharmaceutical compositions containing said cycloalkane. The compounds of the invention are inhibitors of the enzyme 5-lipoxygenase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1993
    Assignees: Imperial Chemical Industries PLC, ICI Pharma
    Inventors: Thomas G. C. Bird, Philip N. Edwards
  • Patent number: 5175372
    Abstract: In a process of producing high purity bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfides which comprises reacting phenols with sulfur dichloride in an organic solvent, the improvement comprising: reacting the phenols with sulfur dichloride in a nonpolar organic solvent; removing partly or wholly the nonpolar organic solvent after the reaction; adding a polar organic solvent to the reaction mixture to dissolve the reaction mixture therein at elevated temperatures; and crystallizing out the high purity bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfides.There is further provided a high performance heat-sensitive recording material which comprises high purity bis(4-hydroxy-3-methylphenyl)sulfide thus prepared and having a melting point in the range of from 123.9.degree. C. to 124.9.degree. C. as a developer and a fluoran compound as a color former.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1992
    Assignee: Seitetsu Kagaku Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Akira Onoe, Masao Kawamura, Kunioki Kato, Tomiharu Amitani, Makoto Sato, Tsuyoshi Morishita
  • Patent number: 5008459
    Abstract: Novel compositions are described which comprise an elastomer or a lubricant and at least one compound of the formulae I or II ##STR1## The symbols R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, Z.sub.1 and Z.sub.2 are as defined in claim 1.The compounds of the formula II and some of the compounds of the formula I are novel, and they are used especially as antioxidants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 16, 1991
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Hans R. Meier, Samuel Evans, Paul Dubs
  • Patent number: 5008430
    Abstract: The invention relates to mercaptopyrenes of the formula ##STR1## in which n denotes a whole number from 3 to 10 andR stands for a substitute or unsubstituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, aralkyl or aryl radicalto a process for its preparation, its use for the preparation of CT complexes and to the CT complexes obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 16, 1991
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Gerhard Heywang, Friedrich Jonas
  • Patent number: 4874885
    Abstract: There is disclosed a process for the preparation of compounds of formula I or II ##STR1## from phenols by reaction with formaldehyde and mercaptans in the presence of mono-, di- or trimethylamine or mono- or diethylamine.The symbols R.sub.1 is alkyl, hydroxy or alkoxycarbonyl substituted alkyl; alkyl; aryl, cycloalkyl or aralkyl, R.sub.2 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl or halogen, R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are independently alkyl, allyl, cycloalkyl, phenyl, benzyl, halogen or --CH.sub.2 --S--R.sub.1, Z.sub.1 is --S-- or alkylene, and Z.sub.2 is hydrogen, alkyl or --CH.sub.2 --S--R.sub.1.The mercaptomethylphenols are valuable antioxidants for plastics, elastomers, mineral oils and synthetic lubricants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 17, 1989
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Werner Stegmann, Hans R. Meier, Samuel Evans, Roger Martin, Reto Luisoli
  • Patent number: 4845299
    Abstract: The bis(hydroxyphenyl) sulfides mixture prepared according to the inventive method is advantageous in respect of the increased proportion of 4-mercaptophenol relative to less useful 2-mercaptophenol in the product obtained by the reductive decomposition of the mixture. The inventive method is characterized by performing the reaction of phenol and sulfur chloride in a specific solvent which is an ethylene glycol monoalkyl ether compound such as ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, triethylene glycol monoethyl ether and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 4, 1989
    Assignee: Idemitsu Petrochemical Company, Ltd.
    Inventor: Masami Haga
  • Patent number: 4792633
    Abstract: Strong acids, e.g., aluminosilicates and sulfonic acids are employed as catalysts for the (alkyl or aryl)thiolation of phenols using dialkyl or diaryl disulfides and/or (alkyl- or arylthio)phenols as thiolating agents, and for the isomerization of (alkyl- or arylthio)phenols, to prepare ortho(alkyl- or arylthio)phenols as the predominant products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 20, 1988
    Assignee: E. I. Du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Paul W. Wojtkowski
  • Patent number: 4737300
    Abstract: The invention relates to material containing aldosemarcaptals of the formula I ##STR1## wherein n can be an integer from 2 to 6, and wherein R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are identical or different, and in each case are C.sub.1 -C.sub.18 -alkyl, which is unsubstituted, substituted or interrupted by --O-- or --S--, or are --(CH.sub.2).sub.r --CO--N(C.sub.1 -C.sub.17 -alkyl).sub.2, r being 1 or 2, or are phenyl, benzyl or --(CH.sub.2).sub.r --CO--O--R.sup.3, in which r can be 1 or 2 and R.sup.3 is an alkali metal or C.sub.1 -C.sub.14 -alkyl; also wherein R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are --CH.sub.2 --CH(OH)--R.sup.4, in which R.sup.4 is hydrogen, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.16 -alkyl, unsubstituted or substituted by --OH, or --CH.sub.2 --Y--(C.sub.1 -C.sub.15 -alkyl), in which Y is --O-- or --S--; or wherein R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 together form --(CH.sub.2).sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1985
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1988
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Hermann O. Wirth, Hans-Helmut Friedrich
  • Patent number: 4732912
    Abstract: A phenol derivative of the formulaNU--A--X--R.sup.1wherein NU is a defined bis-phenolic nucleus including a hydroxyphenyl-hydroxynaphthyl; hydroxyphenyl-hydroxyindanyl, hydroxyphenyl-hydroxybenzothienyl or di-hydroxyphenyl-ethylene or vinylene nucleus; wherein A is alkylene, alkenylene or alkynylene which may be interrupted by phenylene or other linkages,wherein R.sup.1 is hydrogen, or alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, halogenoalkyl, aryl or arylalkyl, or R.sup.1 is joined to R.sup.2, and wherein X is --CONR.sup.2 --, --CSNR.sup.2 --, --NR.sup.12 CO--, --NR.sup.12 CS--, --NR.sup.12 CONR.sup.2 --, ##STR1## --SO.sub.2 NR.sup.2 -- or --CO--, or, when R.sup.1 is not hydrogen, is --NR.sup.12 COO--, --S--, --SO-- or --SO.sub.2 --,wherein R.sup.2 is hydrogen or alkyl, or R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 together form alkylene;wherein R.sup.12 is hydrogen or alkyl, and wherein R.sup.22 is hydrogen, cyano or nitro;or a salt thereof when appropriate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1984
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1988
    Assignee: Imperial Chemical Industries PLC
    Inventors: William R. Pilgrim, Derek W. Young, Brian S. Tait, Graham C. Crawley, Philip N. Edwards, George B. Hill
  • Patent number: 4714780
    Abstract: Thiobisphenols, such as 2,2-bis[2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane]-sulfide are provided by effecting reaction betwen a dihydric phenol such as bisphenol-A and sulfur dichloride in the presence of an effective amount of a Lewis acid catalyst and organic solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 22, 1987
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Thomas L. Guggenheim
  • Patent number: 4684671
    Abstract: There is provided an energy beam curable resin composition which comprises as an essential component a cationically polymerizable substance and an effective amount of an onium salt of a Lewis acid represented the following formula (I). ##STR1## [where X is a sulfonio group represented by the following formula (II)]. ##STR2## (where at least one of R.sub.1 -R.sub.10 is (A) a C.sub.1 -C.sub.18 aliphatic group having at least one hydroxyl group or (B) a C.sub.3 -C.sub.19 aliphatic group having a group of --OCH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 O--).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1986
    Date of Patent: August 4, 1987
    Assignee: Asahi Denka Kogyo K.K.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Tsuchiya, Kazuhiko Morio, Hisashi Murase, Kazuo Ohkawa
  • Patent number: 4642383
    Abstract: Substituted 2,2'-dihydroxydiphenyl sulfide, sulfoxide, and sulfone compounds, and their use as azo coupling components in light-sensitive diazo compositions. The novel compounds couple with rapidly developing diazonium compounds to provide lemon-yellow dyes, and can be used in combination with blue and violet couplers to provide a green-black diazo image in higher density areas with a neutral black in lower density areas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1982
    Date of Patent: February 10, 1987
    Assignee: James River Graphics, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert C. Desjarlais
  • Patent number: 4613703
    Abstract: An isomeric mixture of C- and O-allylated aromatic compounds is prepared by contacting an allyl halide, a hydroxyaromatic reactant, an alkaline agent, water and a quaternary salt catalyst. This mixture may be thermally isomerized to obtain the C-allylated compounds in high yield.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 1982
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1986
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventor: Robert E. Hefner, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4605774
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the novel monomers generically identified as bis(4-hydroxyphenyl thio)benzenes, to a process for their production and to their use in the preparation of polycarbonates, polyurethanes, polyesters, polysulfones and polyethers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1978
    Date of Patent: August 12, 1986
    Assignee: Mobay Corporation
    Inventors: Arthur L. Baron, Parameswar Sivaramakrishnan
  • Patent number: 4584408
    Abstract: Phenoxy resins and other 1,3-bis(aryloxy)-2-propanol compounds are prepared by contacting hydroxy-substituted aromatic compounds with organyl 2-oxo-1,3-dioxolan-4-ylmethyl carbonates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 1985
    Date of Patent: April 22, 1986
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: Pen-Chung Wang, James M. Renga
  • Patent number: 4558162
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the novel monomer 4,4'-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl thio)biphenyl, to a process for its production and to its use in the preparation of polycarbonates, polyurethanes, polyesters, polysulfones and polyethers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1985
    Assignee: Mobay Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Sivaram Krishnan, John R. Sanderson
  • Patent number: 4552565
    Abstract: Hair dyes containing oxidation dye precursors in a cosmetic carrier contain as coupler substances compounds corresponding to formula I ##STR1## in which Z is a sulfur atom, an >SO group or an >SO.sub.2 group or salts thereof. As developer substances, the hair dyes contain the developers normally used in oxidation hair dyes, preferably aromatic and/or heterocyclic diamines or a 2,4,5,6-tetraamino pyrimidine. The new couplers produce color tones in the brown range with good fastness properties and a negligible tendency towards skin staining.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1985
    Assignee: Henkel KGaA
    Inventors: Norbert Maak, Edgar Lieske
  • Patent number: 4547593
    Abstract: (Hydrocarbylthio)phenols, such as 2-(alkylthio)phenols, are prepared by heating one or more (hydrocarbylthio)phenols selected from 2-, 3-, 4-, and poly(hydrocarbylthio)phenols in the presence of a catalytic amount of an aluminum phenoxide to redistribute the starting materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1985
    Assignee: Ethyl Corporation
    Inventor: Paul F. Ranken
  • Patent number: 4518788
    Abstract: Aromatic polyvinylethers and active hydrogen compound reaction products thereof have been found to provide fast heat curable molding compositions when used with various heat activated curing catalysts, for example, diaryliodonium salts in combination with aromatic polyvinylether soluble copper compounds, or dialkylhydroxyarylsulfonium salts in combination with certain organic oxidants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1985
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: James V. Crivello
  • Patent number: 4380671
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for the preparation of 2,2'-bis(4-substituted phenol)sulfides which comprises reacting a 4-substituted phenol with sulfur dichloride in a hydrocarbon solvent at a temperature of from -10.degree. to 40.degree. C. in the presence of a Lewis acid catalyst. For example, 2,2'-bis(4-cumylphenol)-sulfide, i.e. 2,2'-bis(4-.alpha.,.alpha.-dimethyl benzyl-phenol)monosulfide, which is a novel compound can be prepared by reacting 4-cumylphenol with sulfur dichloride in benzene at a temperature of from 0.degree.to 10.degree. C. in the presence of zinc chloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1981
    Date of Patent: April 19, 1983
    Assignee: Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals, Incorporated
    Inventors: Akihiro Yamaguchi, Tadashi Kobayashi, Keizaburo Yamaguchi, Hisamichi Murakami
  • Patent number: RE32618
    Abstract: Mercaptophenols are reacted with compounds containing olefinic unsaturation, or polycyclic olefins, or dihydroxy compounds to form phenolic antioxidants such as 3,8-bis(4-hydroxyphenylthio)-tricyclo[5.2.1.0..sup.2,6 ] decane; 1,4-bis[2-(4-hydroxyphenylthio)ethyl]benzene and age resistant polymers containing said antioxidants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1988
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: Kirkwood S. Cottman