With Nonhydrocarbon Additive Patents (Class 585/2)
  • Patent number: 10022843
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention relate to methods of forming polycrystalline diamond compacts (“PDCs”), wherein the PDC includes a polycrystalline diamond (“PCD”) table in which at least one Group VIII metal is at least partially alloyed with phosphorus and/or at least one other alloying element to improve the thermal stability of the PCD table. The disclosed PDCs may be used in a variety of applications, such as rotary drill bits, machining equipment, and other articles and apparatuses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: US SYNTHETIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Debkumar Mukhopadhyay, Kenneth E. Bertagnolli, Cody William Knuteson
  • Publication number: 20150119610
    Abstract: A carbon adsorbent adapted for adsorptive storage and subsequent desorptive release of a decomposition-susceptible gas is described. Such carbon adsorbent comprises porosity in which mesopore volume is less than 0.25 cm3/gm of carbon adsorbent, in which the porosity comprises at least 80% by volume micropores, and at least 65% by volume of the micropores have pore diameter in a range of from 0.3 to 0.72 nm. The carbon adsorbent has a nitrogen adsorption BET surface area greater than 800 m2/g of carbon adsorbent, measured at 77° K, and a bulk density that is greater than 0.55 g/cc of carbon adsorbent. The carbon adsorbent can be utilized in gas storage and dispensing packages of varying type, to provide a safe and reliable source of decomposition-susceptible gas, e.g., acetylene for applications such as gas welding/cutting applications, atomic absorption spectroscopy applications, chemical synthesis and microelectronic products manufacturing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 13, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Edward A. Sturm, Thomas H. Baum, J. Donald Carruthers
  • Patent number: 9017429
    Abstract: Use in a gas oil fuel composition, which preferably comprises a Fischer-Tropsch derived fuel, of a compound according to formula (I): wherein: R1 to R4 are each independently hydrogen or a C1-10 alkyl group, where such alkyl groups may be the same as or different from one another; and X is a nitrogen- or oxygen-containing group, for the purpose of reducing the cetane number of said fuel composition; preparation of such a fuel composition; and operating a fuel consuming system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Claire Griffiths, Richard Hugh Clark, Christopher William Clayton, Paul Anthony Stevenson, Robert Wilfred Matthews Wardle
  • Patent number: 8961656
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an ionic liquid compound that inhibits a formation of a gas hydrate. The compound of the present invention changes an equilibrium temperature and pressure of a gas hydrate in small quantity into a lower temperature and/or a higher pressure, and simultaneously retards the formation of the gas hydrate under the same environment. Thus, the compound of the present invention is used in oil and natural gas industries to effectively inhibit or delay the formation of the gas hydrate under the condition having a low temperature and a high pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventor: Seong-Pil Kang
  • Publication number: 20150005542
    Abstract: Processes for the disproportionation and isomerization of a C5 hydrocarbon feed using a liquid catalyst comprising an ionic liquid and a halocarbon carbocation promoter are described. The ionic liquid is unsupported, and the reactions occur at temperatures below about 200° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Stuart Smith, Alakananda Bhattacharyya, Dana K. Sullivan
  • Publication number: 20150005543
    Abstract: Processes for the disproportionation and isomerization of a hydrocarbon feed using a liquid catalyst comprising an ionic liquid and a carbocation promoter are described. The ionic liquid is unsupported, and the reactions occur at temperatures below about 200° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Stuart Smith, Alakananda Bhattacharyya
  • Publication number: 20150005544
    Abstract: Processes for the disproportionation and isomerization of a C7 hydrocarbon feed using a liquid catalyst comprising an ionic liquid and a carbocation promoter are described. The ionic liquid is unsupported, and the reactions occur at temperatures below about 200° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Stuart Smith, Alakananda Bhattacharyya
  • Publication number: 20150005545
    Abstract: Processes for the disproportionation and isomerization of a C5 hydrocarbon feed using a liquid catalyst comprising an ionic liquid and a carbocation promoter are described. The ionic liquid is unsupported, and the reactions occur at temperatures below about 200° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Stuart Smith, Alakananda Bhattacharyya
  • Publication number: 20150005546
    Abstract: Processes for the disproportionation and isomerization of a hydrocarbon feed using a liquid catalyst comprising an ionic liquid and a carbocation promoter are described. The ionic liquid is unsupported, and the reactions occur at temperatures below the decomposition temperature of the ionic liquid, typically below about 250° C. The process includes isomerizing a hydrocarbon feed comprising normal C6 alkane or branched C6 alkane by contacting the hydrocarbon feed with a liquid catalyst in a reaction zone to form a product mixture. Isomerization reaction mixtures are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 23, 2014
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Alakananda Bhattacharyya, Stuart Smith, Dana K. Sullivan, Susie C. Martin
  • Publication number: 20150005540
    Abstract: Processes for the disproportionation and isomerization of a hydrocarbon feed using a liquid catalyst comprising an ionic liquid and a carbocation promoter are described. The ionic liquid is unsupported, and the reactions occur at temperatures below about 200° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Stuart Smith, Alakananda Bhattacharyya
  • Publication number: 20150005541
    Abstract: Processes for the disproportionation and isomerization of a C7 hydrocarbon feed using a liquid catalyst comprising an ionic liquid and a carbocation promoter are described. The ionic liquid is unsupported, and the reactions occur at temperatures below about 200° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Stuart Smith, Alakananda Bhattacharyya
  • Publication number: 20140371495
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of inhibiting corrosion by corrosive fluids, and more specifically to inhibiting corrosion of a metallic surface. The method comprising adding to the corrosive fluid a specifically selected ionic liquid which is added in an amount, based on the total weight of the corrosive fluid, effective to mitigate or alleviate corrosion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 23, 2012
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Kris Anderson, Peter Goodrich, Christopher Hardacre, Azlan Hussain, David Rooney
  • Patent number: 8901362
    Abstract: Methods and compositions are provided for inhibiting the polymerization of a vinyl aromatic monomer, such as styrene monomer, during elevated temperature processing or distillation thereof or during storage or shipment of polymer containing product. The compositions include a combination of a hydroxybenzyl alcohol (1) and a dehydration catalyst (2). The combination is added to a vinyl aromatic monomer. Typically, the hydroxybenzyl alcohol is dehydrated in the styrene solution by the use of a strong acid catalyst acting as the dehydration catalyst, and the resultant reaction product is a quinone methide styrene inhibitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: John Link
  • Patent number: 8882860
    Abstract: An emulsifier for a water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion fuel wherein reseparation between oil and water does not take place for a long period of time because of a stable emulsion state with homogenous dispersion. The emulsifier for a water-in-oil emulsion fuel includes the following (1) to (7) components: (1) heavy oil A: 50 mL or more 100 mL, (2) heavy oil B: 100 mL or more 200 mL, (3) heavy oil C: 300 mL or more 450 mL, (4) methanol: 100 mL or more 150 mL, (5) ethanol: 100 mL or more 200 mL, (6) palm oil: 100 mL or more 150 mL, and (7) water: 100 mL or more 200 mL.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Inventors: Susumu Inazawa, Hitoshi Inazawa
  • Publication number: 20140305407
    Abstract: This disclosure relates generally to the use of gas clathrates. More particularly, this disclosure relates to systems, methods, and apparatuses related to the use of gas clathrates as a fuel source for automobiles. The gas clathrates may first be dissociated into at least one gas and the at least one gas delivered to the prime mover of a vehicle or the gas clathrates may be directly utilized by the prime mover as a fuel source.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2013
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Inventors: Roderick A. Hyde, Lowell L. Wood, JR.
  • Publication number: 20140309465
    Abstract: One exemplary embodiment can be a process for initializing hydroprocessing. Generally, the process can include providing a hydrocarbon feed to a hydrotreating zone within which the hydrotreating temperature is catalytically limited, passing an effluent from the hydrotreating zone to a hydrocracking zone, and adding a gas to the effluent that has a higher temperature than the effluent. Thus, the temperature of the effluent may be raised, facilitating hydrocracking reactions within the hydrocracking zone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2013
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: UOP, LLC
    Inventor: Christopher Lepine Standing
  • Publication number: 20140275433
    Abstract: A compound useful for reducing fouling in a hydrocarbon refining process is provided. A method for preparing the compound includes converting a polymer having a vinyl chain end to obtain an aldehyde containing terminal group, and reacting the terminal group with a polyamine. Methods of using the compound and compositions thereof are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: ManKit NG, Donna J. CROWTHER, Patrick BRANT, Glen Barry BRONS, Hong CHENG, Clarence CHASE
  • Publication number: 20140235908
    Abstract: A solvent that reversibly converts from a hydrophobic liquid form to hydrophilic liquid form upon contact with water and a selected trigger, e.g., contact with CO2, is described. The hydrophilic liquid form is readily converted back to the hydrophobic liquid form and water. The hydrophobic liquid is an amidine or amine. The hydrophilic liquid form comprises an amidinium salt or an ammonium salt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2013
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicants: GreenCentre Canada, Queen's University at Kingston
    Inventors: Philip G. JESSOP, Lam N. Phan, Andrew J. Carrier, Rui Resendes, Dominik Wechsler
  • Publication number: 20140234427
    Abstract: The invention provides a method of preventing or reducing the growth of crystals in a substance which is susceptible to crystal growth in which colloidal particles having an amphiphilic structure, e.g. Janus particles, are contacted with the substance. Colloidal particles suitable for use in the invention include cross-linked, colloidal materials formed from hydrophobic monomers such as acrylates or methacrylates and hydrophilic monomers such as those derived from acrylic and/or methacrylic acid. The colloidal particles find particular use in methods of cryopreservation of biological samples (e.g. cells, tissues or organs), as a texture modifier in frozen food products, in the inhibition of gas hydrate formation, and as scale inhibitors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK
    Inventors: Matthew Ian Gibson, Stefan Antonius Franciscus Bon
  • Publication number: 20140228604
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are systems and methods for monitoring and controlling a nitroxide-based polymerization inhibitor in vinyl-based monomers. A dosage of the nitroxide-based polymerization inhibitor is provided in the vinyl-based monomers. A residual concentration of the nitroxide-based polymerization inhibitor is measured substantially in real time, and an optimized dosage of the nitroxide-based polymerization inhibitor is provided in response to the measured residual concentration.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 12, 2013
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: ECOLAB USA INC.
    Inventors: Ramon Colorado, JR., Vincent Lewis, Robert A. Geiger, Jessica Hancock, Andrew R. Neilson
  • Publication number: 20140206585
    Abstract: A compound of Formula I, Formula IA, Formula IB, or Formula II, or an acid or base addition salt thereof, and use of these compounds as antioxidants. In one embodiment, a compound of Formula II, wherein each of X, Y, and Z are independently a carbon or nitrogen atom; R1 and R2 are each independently a hydrogen or an electron donating group, but are not both hydrogen, and wherein R1, and R2 are each bonded to a carbon atom in their own respective aryl ring.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2012
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicants: UNIVERSITA DI BOLOGNA, Queen's University at Kingston
    Inventors: Derek A. Pratt, Jason J. Hanthorn, Luca Valgimigli
  • Patent number: 8758595
    Abstract: The present invention is related to a process oil using as a raw material a deasphalted oil obtained by deasphalting a vacuum residual oil of a crude oil and a manufacturing method of the process oil, the process oil having properties of: (a) a polycyclic aromatics (PCA) content of less than 3 mass %; (b) a viscosity (100° C.) of 40 to 70 mm2/s; (c) an aniline point of 85 to 100° C.; (d) a flash point of 250° C. or higher; (e) an aromatic hydrocarbon content of 40 to 55 mass %; and (f) a polar substance content of 10 to 15 mass %. The present invention is also related to a process oil and a manufacturing method of the process oil, the process oil obtained by mixing: an extract obtained by deasphalting and solvent-extracting a vacuum residual oil of a crude oil; and a lubricant base oil having a polycyclic aromatics (PCA) content of less than 3 mass %, and having properties of: (a) a polycyclic aromatics (PCA) content of less than 3 mass %; (i) a viscosity (100° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Meishi Tanaka, Masashi Nakamura, Kazuhiro Teshima, Akihito Abe, Masami Takasaki
  • Publication number: 20140113811
    Abstract: Provided are methods for storing gases on porous adsorbents, methods for optimizing the storage of gases on porous adsorbents, methods of making porous adsorbents, and methods of gas storage of optimized compositions, as in systems containing porous adsorbents and gas adsorbed on the surface of the porous adsorbent. The disclosed methods and systems feature a constant or increasing isosteric enthalpy of adsorption as a function of uptake of the gas onto the exposed surface of a porous adsorbent. Adsorbents with a porous geometry and surface dimensions suited to a particular adsorbate are exposed to the gas at elevated pressures in the specific regime where n/V (density) is larger than predicted by the ideal gas law by more than several percent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2013
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Inventors: Nicholas P. STADIE, Brent T. FULTZ, Channing AHN, Maxwell MURIALDO
  • Patent number: 8592345
    Abstract: Methods of applying dicyclopropene compounds and compositions thereof to block ethylene receptors in plants are disclosed. Methods include applying to the plant an effective ethylene response-inhibiting amount of a dicyclopropene compound or composition thereof. Dicyclopropene compounds, enantiomers, stereoisomers or salts thereof are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: North Carolina State University
    Inventors: Edward C. Sisler, Varvara Grichko
  • Publication number: 20130296618
    Abstract: A carbon-based additive may be added to a base fluid to form a fluid composition. The fluid composition may inhibit fouling of the base fluid by any fouling-causing components that may be present in the base fluid where the base fluid is an aqueous fluid, a non-aqueous fluid, and combinations thereof. A carbon-based additive may include solid nanoparticles, nanotubes, graphene, graphene oxide, nanoribbons, nanosheets, and combinations thereof. The carbon-based additive may be present in the fluid in an effective amount to inhibit fouling of the fluid by the fouling-causing components, particularly asphaltenes in a non-limiting example.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 26, 2013
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Applicant: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Corina L. Sandu
  • Publication number: 20130210620
    Abstract: Porous metal organic frameworks formed by AlIII ions to which fumarate ions are coordinated to produce a framework structure; shaped bodies comprising such porous metal organic frameworks, and also the preparation and use thereof for the uptake of a substance for the purposes of its storage, controlled release, separation, chemical reaction or as support.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 5, 2013
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventor: BASF SE
  • Publication number: 20130211158
    Abstract: Activated carbon materials and methods of producing and using activated carbon materials are provided. In particular, biomass-derived activated carbon materials and processes of producing the activated carbon materials with prespecified surface areas and pore size distributions are provided. Activated carbon materials with preselected high specific surface areas, porosities, sub-nm (<1 nm) pore volumes, and supra-nm (1-5 nm) pore volumes may be achieved by controlling the degree of carbon consumption and metallic potassium intercalation into the carbon lattice during the activation process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2012
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: The Curators of the University of Missouri
    Inventor: The Curators of the University of Missouri
  • Publication number: 20130211159
    Abstract: Method for degassing a storage tank for liquid products containing volatile organic compounds or VOC, in particular petroleum products, comprising a step a) of introducing an aqueous mixture comprising substances able to interact chemically and/or physically with the VOC in the gaseous state inside the tank, which is kept closed, so as to encourage them to pass from the gaseous phase to the liquid phase, and to remain in the liquid phase. Such introduction step being protracted so as to reduce the concentration of the VOC to a predetermined value functional to having an acceptable explosive limit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 18, 2010
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: IDRABEL ITALIA S.R.L.
    Inventor: Ivo Saverio Rancich
  • Publication number: 20130204053
    Abstract: Methods and compositions are provided for inhibiting the polymerization of a vinyl aromatic monomer, such as styrene monomer, during elevated temperature processing or distillation thereof or during storage or shipment of polymer containing product. The compositions include a combination of a hydroxybenzyl alcohol (1) and a dehydration catalyst (2). The combination is added to a vinyl aromatic monomer. Typically, the hydroxybenzyl alcohol is dehydrated in the styrene solution by the use of a strong acid catalyst acting as the dehydration catalyst, and the resultant reaction product is a quinone methide styrene inhibitor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2012
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventor: John Link
  • Publication number: 20130190542
    Abstract: Activated carbon materials and methods of producing and using activated carbon materials are provided. In particular, biomass-derived activated carbon materials and processes of producing the activated carbon materials with prespecified surface areas and pore size distributions are provided. Activated carbon materials with preselected high specific surface areas, porosities, sub-nm (<1 nm) pore volumes, and supra-nm (1-5 nm) pore volumes may be achieved by controlling the degree of carbon consumption and metallic potassium intercalation into the carbon lattice during the activation process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Publication date: July 25, 2013
    Applicant: The Curators of the University of Missouri
    Inventor: The Curators of the University of Missouri
  • Patent number: 8492599
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon composition is provided containing a total Ni/Fe/V content of at least 200 wtppm; a residue content of at least 0.2 grams per gram of hydrocarbon composition; a distillate content of at least 0.2 grams per gram of hydrocarbon composition; a sulfur content of at least 0.04 grams per gram of hydrocarbon composition; and a micro-carbon residue content of at least 0.06 grams per gram of hydrocarbon composition; and wherein the hydrocarbon composition has a viscosity of at most 100 cSt at 37.8° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Opinder Kishan Bhan, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8450538
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon composition is described herein. The hydrocarbon composition has a relatively low viscosity and a relatively low oxygen content while having a relatively high vanadium, nickel, and iron metals content, and a relatively high distillate, residue, and micro-carbon residue content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Opinder Kishan Bhan, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Publication number: 20130131405
    Abstract: A liquid molding resin component for a reaction injection molding process includes a liquid resin reaction monomer including metathesis polymerizable cycloolefin and a plurality of nonswelling mica. The plurality of nonswelling mica have an average particle size in a range of about 35 micro m to about 500 micro m and have a bulk density in a range of about 0.10 g/ml to about 0.27 g/ml. Further, a liquid resin component system for a reaction injection molding process includes a plurality of liquid resin components, at least one of which includes a catalyst, at least one of which includes an activator, and at least one of which includes a plurality of nonswelling mica having an average particle size in a range of about 35 micro m to about 500 micro m and having a bulk density in a range of about 0.10 g/ml to 0.27 g/ml.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2011
    Publication date: May 23, 2013
    Applicants: METTON AMERICA, INC., MARUZEN PETROCHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: HIROMITSU BABA, TAKESHI KATO, HIROYUKI MINAMI, MASANORI ABE, YUSUKE YOKOO, BEAU JEREMY WEST
  • Publication number: 20130123552
    Abstract: The invention provides methods and compositions useful for synthesizing alkylaromatics from an n-alkanes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2012
    Publication date: May 16, 2013
    Inventors: Alan Goldman, Ritu Ahuja, William Schinski
  • Publication number: 20130098623
    Abstract: Copolymers containing acryloylmorpholine and vinylimidazole, and optionally vinylcaprolactam and/or n-vinyl pyrrolidone, have shown superior results in hydrate inhibition tests at conditions of 7° C. subcooling dosed at 1 vol % based on the water cut of the system fluids. The copolymer product has also passed high TDS (total dissolved solids) brine compatibility tests and secondary property tests including foaming and hot injection tests which make it useful as a kinetic hydrate inhibitor in gas production systems susceptible to the formation of natural gas hydrates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2012
    Publication date: April 25, 2013
    Applicant: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Baker Hughes Incorporated
  • Publication number: 20130025873
    Abstract: Embodiments described herein provide a system and methods for protecting a fluid stream from fouling using particles that include phase change materials. In an example, the particles are injected into the fluid stream and release energy at a selected temperature, which may warm the fluid stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2012
    Publication date: January 31, 2013
    Inventors: Nader S. Berchane, Chisa K. Brookes, Douglas J. Turner, Jason W. Lachance
  • Publication number: 20130012744
    Abstract: A reduced puffing needle coke is formed, which includes a reduced nitrogen content within the coke so that the coke particles do not experience as much puffing during the formation of graphitized carbon articles produced from such coke upon heating to graphitization temperatures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Publication date: January 10, 2013
    Inventors: Douglas J. Miller, Ching-Feng Chang, Irwin C. Lewis, Richard T. Lewis, Aaron Tomasek, Richard L. Shao
  • Publication number: 20120316369
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for inhibiting unwanted polymerization of reactive monomers within a liquid. The method comprises the combined usage of a quinone methide with a quinone diimide to the liquid monomer. This combination has an unexpected synergistic effect. Thus, in some ratios, the combination results in practically 100% inhibition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 13, 2011
    Publication date: December 13, 2012
    Inventor: Jonathon Masere
  • Publication number: 20120310022
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a composition and method for inhibiting the formation of naphthenate solids in a liquid hydrocarbon. The method includes contacting a composition including a rosin amine having a formula (I): or (II): where formula (AA): represents a single or double bond; R1, R2 and R5 each independently represent H, alkyl, alkenyl or an alkynyl group each having between one and ten carbon atoms, —(R3O)nR4 wherein R3 is an alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms and R4 is H, alkyl, alkenyl or an alkynyl group each having between one and ten carbon atoms; n is an integer between 5 and 50; X is a halide, sulphate, phosphate or acetate ion; and a demulsifier intermediate with the liquid hydrocarbon.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2010
    Publication date: December 6, 2012
    Inventors: Chandrashekhar Khandekar, Suguna Gopal, James Smith
  • Publication number: 20120302805
    Abstract: The present subject matter relates to a feed nozzle assembly 100 for atomizing a heavy hydrocarbon feed by mixing the hydrocarbon feed with a diluent and an atomizing media. The feed nozzle assembly 100 includes at least one primary mixing chambers 101 for receiving the liquid hydrocarbon feed and the diluent to create a primary mixture. The primary mixture is than forwarded to a secondary mixing chamber 102. The secondary mixing chamber extends to a tertiary mixing chamber 103. A steam inlet 110 is provided to inject streams of steam to the secondary mixing chamber 102 and to the tertiary mixing chamber 103 through a first opening and a second opening, respectively, located within the steam inlet 110.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2010
    Publication date: November 29, 2012
    Inventors: Bidyut De, P.K. Kasliwal, D. Bhattacharyya, V. Krishnan, S. Rajagopal
  • Publication number: 20120078021
    Abstract: A method of inhibiting gas hydrate formation in petroleum and natural gas production systems through the use of low dosage hydrate inhibitors which include reaction products of non-halide-containing inorganic acids, organic acids, and organic amines. The use of these non-halide-containing reaction products rather than chloride containing acids or alkylating agents avoids corrosion and stress cracking caused by residual inorganic chloride and other inorganic, halide-containing acids. The anti-agglomerate compositions can be administered continuously to effectively inhibit gas hydrate formation. In preferred embodiments, the anti-agglomerate compositions are mixtures of reaction products of non-halide-containing organic acids and organic amines.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2011
    Publication date: March 29, 2012
    Applicant: MULTI-CHEM GROUP, LLC
    Inventors: Danny Durham, Curtis Conkle, James Russum
  • Patent number: 8118995
    Abstract: A method for inhibiting the formation of fouling materials including contacting hydrocarbon media containing aldehyde compounds with an antifoulant while treating the hydrocarbon media with a basic wash. The antifoulant includes a reducing sugar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Mary King, Cato Russell McDaniel
  • Publication number: 20110319682
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an ionic liquid compound that inhibits a formation of a gas hydrate. The compound of the present invention changes an equilibrium temperature and pressure of a gas hydrate in small quantity into a lower temperature and/or a higher pressure, and simultaneously retards the formation of the gas hydrate under the same environment. Thus, the compound of the present invention is used in oil and natural gas industries to effectively inhibit or delay the formation of the gas hydrate under the condition having a low temperature and a high pressure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2011
    Publication date: December 29, 2011
    Applicant: KOREA INSTITUTE OF ENERGY RESEARCH
    Inventor: Seong-Pil Kang
  • Patent number: 8070885
    Abstract: Quenching fluid composition comprising one or more additives and a saturated base oil having a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. “K” expressed in centistokes and a viscosity index “I” wherein I is greater than 120 and K greater than 2 cSt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Didier Busatto
  • Patent number: 8053375
    Abstract: An ultra low k dielectric film, including a silicon film containing porosity deriving from a porogen, as formed from a precursor silane and a porogen, wherein the precursor silane has a water content below 10 ppm, based on total weight of the precursor silane, and/or the porogen has a water content below 10 ppm, based on total weight of the porogen. In one implementation, the precursor silane is diethoxymethylsilane, and the porogen is bicyclo[2.2.1]-hepta-2,5-diene having a trace water content below 10 ppm, based on total weight of said bicyclo[2.2.1]-hepta-2,5-diene. These super-dry reagents are unexpectedly polymerization-resistant during their delivery and deposition in the formation of ultra low k films, and are advantageously employed to produce ultra low k films of superior character.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2011
    Assignee: Advanced Technology Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Chongying Xu, Jeffrey F. Roeder, Thomas H. Baum, Steven M. Bilodeau, Scott Battle, William Hunks, Tianniu Chen
  • Publication number: 20110265773
    Abstract: A diesel fuel composition is disclosed, as well as a method for reducing NOx and smoke emissions from a diesel engine at minimum fuel consumption which comprises adding to the diesel engine at least one diesel fuel or blending component for a diesel fuel which has a combination of a low T50 in the range of from 190° C. to 280° C., a high cetane number in the range of from 31 to 60, and optionally a high distillation curve slope in the range of from 58° C. to 140° C., which combination is effective to afford a combination of the lowest NOx and smoke emissions at the lowest fuel consumption at independent engine control values for the diesel engine that are optimum to afford production of a combination of the lowest NOx and smoke emissions at the lowest fuel consumption, whereby the NOx and smoke emissions from the diesel engine are reduced by at least 10% and 15%, respectively.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2010
    Publication date: November 3, 2011
    Applicant: BP Corporation North America Inc.
    Inventors: Yi Xu, Leslie R. Wolf, Shankar Kumar, Donald W. Stanton, Timothy R. Frazier, Bruce G. Bunting
  • Publication number: 20110218371
    Abstract: A stabilized composition consists essentially of unsaturated hydrocarbon-based materials, and a stabilizer selected from the group consisting of a hydroxybenzophenone and a nitroxyl radical based stabilizer. A method for stabilizing unsaturated hydrocarbon-based precursor material against the polymerization comprises providing a stabilizer selected from the group consisting of a hydroxybenzophenone and a nitroxyl radical based stabilizer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 17, 2011
    Publication date: September 8, 2011
    Applicant: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven Gerard Mayorga, Kelly Ann Chandler
  • Publication number: 20110178346
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon composition is provided containing: at least 0.05 grams of hydrocarbons having boiling point in the range from an initial boiling point of the composition up to 204° C. (400° F.) per gram of the composition; at least 0.1 gram of hydrocarbons having a boiling point in the range from 204° C. up to 260° C. (500° F.) per gram of the composition; at least 0.25 gram of hydrocarbons having a boiling point in the range from 260° C. up to 343° C. per gram of the composition; at least 0.3 gram of hydrocarbons having a boiling point in the range from 343° C. to 538° C. per gram of the composition; and at most 0.03 gram of hydrocarbons having a boiling point of greater than 538° C. per gram of the composition; at least 0.0005 gram of sulfur per gram of the composition, wherein at least 40 wt. % of the sulfur is contained in hydrocarbon compounds having a carbon number of 17 or less as determined by GC-GC sulfur chemiluminescence, where at least 60 wt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Publication date: July 21, 2011
    Inventors: Stanley Nemee Milam, Michael Anthony Reynolds, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Publication number: 20090272352
    Abstract: Provided herein are, among other things, jet fuel compositions and methods of making and using the same. In some embodiments, the fuel compositions comprise at least a fuel component readily and efficiently produced, at least in part, from a microorganism. In certain embodiments, the fuel compositions provided herein comprise a high concentration of at least a bioengineered fuel component. In further embodiments, the fuel compositions provided herein comprise amorphane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2009
    Publication date: November 5, 2009
    Applicant: Amyris Biotechnologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Jason A. Ryder
  • Patent number: 7473716
    Abstract: Azeotrope-like compositions of 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane and at least one hydrocarbon selected from the group n-pentane, iso-pentane, cyclopentane, n-hexane and iso-hexane are provided. The compositions of the invention are useful in the preparation of polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2009
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Hilde Lund, legal representative, Robert Christian Parker, Ian Robert Shankland, Earl August Eugene Lund