Product Blend, E.g., Composition, Etc., Or Blending Process Per Se Patents (Class 585/1)
  • Patent number: 10066139
    Abstract: A composition for suppressing dust particles includes from about 51% to about 100% by weight of saturated hydrocarbons, and from about 0 to about 49% by weight of unsaturated hydrocarbons. The composition has a content of wax in the range from about 5% to about 40% by weight of the total composition. A method of making and a method of using such a composition are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2018
    Assignee: American Refining Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Helen M. Cummiskey, Andrew M. Burgoon, Heather J. Kuntz, Michael J. Kozminski
  • Patent number: 9783753
    Abstract: An aromatic pre-blend for use in preparing E10 test fuel in accordance with 40 CFR 1065.710(b) includes a mixture of aromatic compounds having C6-C10+ aromatic proportions as recited in 40 CFR 1065.710(b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: Johann Haltermann Limited
    Inventors: Indresh Mathur, Mark Hendron Overaker
  • Patent number: 9771537
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a multigrade engine oil with excellent low temperature viscometric properties, including improved mini-rotary viscometer (MRV) results. In one embodiment, the multigrade engine oil comprises a major amount of a first lubricating base oil having a MRV viscosity at a test temperature from about ?25° C. to about ?40° C. of greater than 60,000 cP and a MRV yield stress at the test temperature of greater than zero; a second lubricating base oil having a MRV viscosity at the test temperature of 60,000 cP of less and no MRV yield stress at the test temperature; and a pour point depressant. The multigrade engine oil has a MRV viscosity at the test temperature of 60,000 cP or less and no MRV yield stress at the test temperature. Since the first lubricating base oil is present in a major amount, the first lubricating base oil is present in an amount greater than any other component of the multigrade engine oil, including the amount of the second lubricating base oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2017
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Alex Beringuy Souza, Gerson Vieira Baeta Neves, Luiz Fernando Feijo Lemos, Wanderley Carreira Souza, Jr., Matthew Hussain Ansari, Rebecca Elizabeth Brafman
  • Patent number: 9540587
    Abstract: A lubricating oil composition for transmissions having improved fuel saving properties, excellent metal fatigue prevention properties, and heat resistance containing: a lubricating base oil containing (A) a mineral base oil having a 100° C. kinematic viscosity of 1.5 mm2/s or higher and 3.5 mm2/s or lower, a pour point of ?25° C. or lower, a viscosity index of 105 or greater, a % CP of 85 or greater, a % CN of 2 or greater and 20 or less and a % CA of 3 or less and (B) a monoester-based base oil having a 100° C. kinematic viscosity of 2 to 10 mm2/s; (C) a phosphorus acid ester; and (D) a boronated ashless dispersant, the ratio of the mass percent of boron to the mass percent of phosphorus in the composition (B/P) being from 0.07 to 0.42, and the composition having a 100° C. kinematic viscosity of 2.5 to 4.0 mm2/s is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignees: JX Nippon Oil & Enery Corporation, AISIN AW CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hajime Nakao, Hitoshi Komatsubara, Kazunori Ishikawa, Katsuhito Yamada
  • Patent number: 9499758
    Abstract: Low sulphur marine fuel compositions are provided. Embodiments comprise greater than 50 to 90 wt % of a residual hydrocarbon component, with the remaining 10 and up to 50 wt % selected from a non-hydroprocessed hydrocarbon component, a hydroprocessed hydrocarbon component, and a combination thereof. Embodiments of the marine fuel composition can have a sulphur content of about 0.1 wt % or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Danny F. Droubi, Michael Allen Branch, Cynthia Delaney-Kinsella, Dana Tatum Lipinsky, Lawrence Stephen Kraus, Tommy Louis Brumfield, Ariel Bru, Koen Steernberg, Pierre Tardif, Shannon Boudreaux
  • Patent number: 9469583
    Abstract: A composition, including 40-50 wt-% C14 paraffins, based on the total weight of the composition, and 35-45 wt-% C15 paraffins, based on the total weight of the composition, wherein the C14 and C15 paraffins are produced from a biological raw material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: NESTE OYJ
    Inventors: Pekka Aalto, Kati Sandberg, Tomi Nyman, Maija Hakola
  • Patent number: 9422206
    Abstract: Provided are processes for making hydrocarbons from renewable feed sources. In an embodiment, there is provided a method for producing a lube basestock including: contacting a compound of Formula (I) and a feedstock of biological origin with a catalyst component including a basic material: wherein R1 is selected from acyclic hydrocarbyl, cyclic hydrocarbyl, and aryl, wherein R1 has one or more optional substitutions selected from the group consisting of —Ra, —ORa, —C(O)Ra, and —C(O)ORa, wherein Ra is H or C1-C6 alkyl group; and n is 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5; and hydrogenating a ketone to a hydrocarbon with a catalyst including a hydrogenation catalyst and a hydrothermally stable binder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2016
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Kun Wang, Randall D. Partridge, Himanshu Gupta
  • Patent number: 9340737
    Abstract: A liquid fuel formed by the mixture of toluene, meta-xylene and n-hexane, in proportions of between 50 and 70% of toluene, between 10 and 20% of meta-xylene and between 20 and 30% of n-hexane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: SPARKNUM INTERNATIONAL, S.L.
    Inventor: Luis David Andrade Moreno
  • Patent number: 9193926
    Abstract: Fuel compositions exhibiting reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, based on a lifecycle assessment from the time of cultivation of feedstocks (in the case of plant materials) or extraction of feedstocks (in the case of fossil fuels) required for the compositions (up to and including the ultimate combustion of the fuel composition by the end user) are disclosed. The reduced level of emissions (“carbon footprint”) is achieved by incorporating a pyrolysis derived component having a higher heating value than ethanol and meeting other applicable standards for fossil fuel (e.g., petroleum) derived components conventionally used for the same purpose, such as transportation fuels. Advantageously, fuel compositions comprising pyrolysis derived gasoline can exhibit lower GHG emissions than gasoline derived solely from petroleum, or even conventional blends of petroleum derived gasoline and ethanol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Tom N. Kalnes
  • Patent number: 9062264
    Abstract: A process and system for separating bio-gasoline, bio-diesel and bio-fuel oil fractions from a bio-oil, and for producing a renewable gasoline including at least in part the bio-gasoline fraction, is provided. The process comprises separating bio-oil into a bio-gasoline fraction and a heavy fraction based on their boiling points. At least a portion of the bio-gasoline fraction is directly blended with a petroleum-derived gasoline, without any prior hydrotreatment, to thereby provide a renewable gasoline composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Assignee: KiOR, Inc.
    Inventors: Maria Magdalena Ramirez Corredores, Vincente Sanchez Iglesias
  • Patent number: 9035114
    Abstract: High octane unleaded aviation fuel compositions having high aromatics content and a CHN content of at least 97.2 wt %, less than 2.8 wt % of oxygen content, a T10 of at most 75° C., T40 of at least 75° C., a T50 of at most 105° C., a T90 of at most 135° C., a final boiling point of less than 190° C., an adjusted heat of combustion of at least 43.5 MJ/kg, a vapor pressure in the range of 38 to 49 kPa, freezing point is less than ?58° C. is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Timothy Michael Shea, Trevor James Davies, Michael Clifford MacKnay, Hanane Belmokaddem Bennis
  • Publication number: 20150126773
    Abstract: Synthetic alkylated graphenes of well chosen structure are prepared and used for mimicking indigenous asphaltenes. The mixtures can be used as multiphase flow test fluids in general and specifically in the Oil and gas industry.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventor: Vincent Olivier Pauchard
  • Patent number: 9023191
    Abstract: A lubricating oil composition for an internal combustion engine contains a component (A) of a polyalphaolefin having a kinematic viscosity at 100 degrees C. of 5.5 mm2/s or less, a CCS viscosity at ?35 degrees C. of 3000 mPA·s or less and a NOACK of 12 mass % or less, and a component (B) of a mineral oil having a viscosity index of 120 or more. The component (A) is contained at a content of 10 mass % or more of a total amount of the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Teshima, Motoharu Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 9023190
    Abstract: A lubricating oil composition for an internal combustion engine contains: a base oil including a component (A) of a polyalphaolefin having a kinematic viscosity at 100 degrees C. of 5.5 mm2/s or less, a CCS viscosity at ?35 degrees C. of 3000 mPa·s or less and a NOACK of 12 mass % or less and a component (B) of a mineral oil having a viscosity index of 120 or more; and polyisobutylene having a mass average molecular weight of 500,000 or more. A content of the composition (A) is 25 mass % or more of a total amount of a lubricating oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Teshima, Motoharu Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 9017429
    Abstract: Use in a gas oil fuel composition, which preferably comprises a Fischer-Tropsch derived fuel, of a compound according to formula (I): wherein: R1 to R4 are each independently hydrogen or a C1-10 alkyl group, where such alkyl groups may be the same as or different from one another; and X is a nitrogen- or oxygen-containing group, for the purpose of reducing the cetane number of said fuel composition; preparation of such a fuel composition; and operating a fuel consuming system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Claire Griffiths, Richard Hugh Clark, Christopher William Clayton, Paul Anthony Stevenson, Robert Wilfred Matthews Wardle
  • Patent number: 9012706
    Abstract: A compound having formula (Ph3C)mAr(OR)n, wherein Ph represents a phenyl group, Ar is an aromatic ring system having from six to twenty carbon atoms, R is C1-C18 alkyl or C7-C12 aralkyl, m is one or two, and n is an integer from one to four.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: George D. Green, Raymond J. Swedo
  • Patent number: 9012710
    Abstract: Fuel compositions containing an isomerized component of a single carbon number may contain at least 97 wt. %, based on the total weight of the fuel composition, of an isomerized component consisting of aliphatic paraffin isomers all having the formula CnH2n+2, where 10?n?22 and n has the same value for each aliphatic paraffin isomer in the isomerized component. The fuel compositions have a normal alkane content of less than 10 wt. %, based on the total weight of the fuel composition. Methods for preparing the fuel compositions include hydroisomerizing a normal alkane starting material to form an isomerized mixture and subsequently removing remnant normal alkanes from the isomerized mixture by solvent dewaxing and/or distillation. Some of the fuel compositions may have freezing points at or below ?47° C., making them amenable for use a surrogate fuels in the place of JP-8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: University of Dayton
    Inventors: Heinz J. Robota, Jhoanna C. Alger
  • Patent number: 9005315
    Abstract: A method for marking a petroleum hydrocarbon or a liquid biologically derived fuel by adding at least one compound having formula (I), wherein R1 and R2 independently represent hydrogen or C1-C4 alkyl groups, and G represents hydrogen or at least one substituent selected from the group consisting of C1-C18 alkyl and C1-C18 alkoxy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignees: Dow Global Technologies LLC, Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventors: George D. Green, Raymond J. Swedo, Robert Butterick, III
  • Patent number: 8992762
    Abstract: A lubricating oil composition for an internal combustion engine contains: a base oil including a component (A) of a polyalphaolefin having a kinematic viscosity at 100 degrees C. of 5.5 mm2/s or less, a CCS viscosity at ?35 degrees C. of 3000 mPa·s or less and a NOACK of 12 mass % or less and a component (B) of a mineral oil having a viscosity index of 120 or more; and polyisobutylene having a mass average molecular weight of 500,000 or more. A content of the composition (A) is 25 mass % or more of a total amount of a lubricating oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Teshima, Motoharu Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 8992763
    Abstract: A lubricating oil composition for an internal combustion engine contains a component (A) of a polyalphaolefin having a kinematic viscosity at 100 degrees C. of 5.5 mm2/s or less, a CCS viscosity at ?35 degrees C. of 3000 mPA·s or less and a NOACK of 12 mass % or less, and a component (B) of a mineral oil having a viscosity index of 120 or more. The component (A) is contained at a content of 10 mass % or more of a total amount of the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Teshima, Motoharu Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 8987537
    Abstract: Low sulphur marine fuel compositions are provided. Embodiments comprise greater than 50 to 90 wt % of a residual hydrocarbon component, with the remaining 10 and up to 50 wt % selected from a non-hydroprocessed hydrocarbon component, a hydroprocessed hydrocarbon component, and a combination thereof. Embodiments of the marine fuel composition can have a sulphur content of about 0.1 wt % or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Danny F. Droubi, Michael Allen Branch, Cynthia Delaney-Kinsella, Dana Tatum Lipinsky, Lawrence Stephen Kraus, Tommy Louis Brumfield, Ariel Bru, Koen Steernberg, Pierre Tardif, Shannon Boudreaux
  • Patent number: 8987539
    Abstract: Acyclic monterpene alcohols, like linalool, to be converted through a series of highly efficient catalytic reactions a biogasoline blending component, and a drop-in biodiesel fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Michael E. Wright, Roxanne L. Quintana
  • Patent number: 8961775
    Abstract: Oils from plants and animal fats are hydrolyzed to fatty acids for a Kolbe reaction. The invention relates to a high productivity Kolbe reaction process for electrochemically decarboxylating C4-C28 fatty acids using small amounts of acetic acid to lower anodic passivation voltage and synthesizing C6-C54 hydrocarbons. The C6-C54 undergo olefin metathesis and/or hydroisomerization reaction process to synthesize heavy fuel oil, diesel fuel, kerosene fuel, lubricant base oil, and linear alpha olefin products useful as precursors for polymers, detergents, and other fine chemicals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Altranex Corporation
    Inventors: Chandrashekhar H. Joshi, Graham Thomas Thornton Gibson, Dzmitry Malevich, Michael Glenn Horner
  • Patent number: 8962899
    Abstract: Provided is a lubricant for metal working comprising a vinylidene compound having 12 to 64 carbon atoms obtained by oligomerizing ?-olefins, having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, using a metallocene catalyst. The lubricant for metal working is excellent in a workability and a surface detergency property and has a high flash point and can reduce environmental pollution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Fumiaki Takagi, Youichiro Jido
  • Publication number: 20150051124
    Abstract: Provided by the present invention is a lubricating oil composition having a low friction coefficient (traction coefficient) and a superior fluidity at low temperature, suitable as a transmission oil including an automatic transmission oil, by using a base oil which contains a mineral oil satisfying the conditions that (1) kinetic viscosity at 100° C. is in the range of 5 mm2/s or more to 8 mm2/s or less, (2) viscosity index is 130 or more, and (3) % CP by a ring analysis (n-d-M method) is 80 or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Applicant: IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Daisuke Takekawa
  • Patent number: 8920636
    Abstract: Methods for transporting bitumen extraction product include providing bitumen-laden aromatic solvent, providing bitumen-laden paraffinic solvent, and blending the two materials. The resulting mixture can be transported through existing pipeline infrastructure and can use existing separation processing equipment, and thereby avoids the need for separate infrastructure for each composition. Combining the two compositions can also avoid undesirable asphaltene precipitation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Canada Energy and Chervon Canada Limited
    Inventors: Julian Kift, Mahendra Joshi
  • Publication number: 20140338888
    Abstract: An enhanced hydraulic fluid comprises a conventional hydraulic fluid in combination with a predetermined amount of benzene by volume relative to the conventional hydraulic fluid. The predetermined amount of benzene preferably comprises between about 1.0% to about 20.0% benzene by volume, more preferably between about 1.5% to about 10.0% benzene by volume, and most preferably between about 2.0% to about 5.0% benzene by volume. The conventional hydraulic fluid may comprise electronics coolant liquids and oils. Conventional hydraulic fluids that may be mixed with benzene in the volumes described above include, but are not limited to, FLUORINERTS™ that include FC-43 and FC-70, including any perfluorinated, partially fluorinated, or partially chlorinated alkane with between about 3 to about 18 carbon atoms; mineral oils that include CAPELLA™ brand mineral oil; esther oils (synthetic or natural) that include formidals, and MIDEL™ brand esther oils.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 26, 2012
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yngve B. Johansen, Bruce MacKay, James S. Almaguer
  • Patent number: 8882860
    Abstract: An emulsifier for a water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion fuel wherein reseparation between oil and water does not take place for a long period of time because of a stable emulsion state with homogenous dispersion. The emulsifier for a water-in-oil emulsion fuel includes the following (1) to (7) components: (1) heavy oil A: 50 mL or more 100 mL, (2) heavy oil B: 100 mL or more 200 mL, (3) heavy oil C: 300 mL or more 450 mL, (4) methanol: 100 mL or more 150 mL, (5) ethanol: 100 mL or more 200 mL, (6) palm oil: 100 mL or more 150 mL, and (7) water: 100 mL or more 200 mL.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Inventors: Susumu Inazawa, Hitoshi Inazawa
  • Patent number: 8877995
    Abstract: Pyrolysis fuels and methods for processing pyrolysis fuel are provided. In one embodiment, a method of processing pyrolysis fuel converts biomass to pyrolysis fuel including pyrolysis oil and char particles. Also, the method includes resizing a portion of the char particles so that substantially all resized char particles have a largest dimension no greater than about 5 microns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Lance Awender Baird, Stanley Joseph Frey
  • Patent number: 8864981
    Abstract: Deasphalted residual oil (DAO) and the aromatics-rich extract that is derived from DAO have low polycyclic aromatics contents, relatively low aniline points, and high flash points. They form blending stocks that improve properties of mixed feedstocks to consistently produce environmentally qualified rubber processing oil (RPO) by extraction under low solvent-to-oil ratios and moderate extraction temperatures. Distilling a petroleum crude oil under atmospheric pressure generates a bottom residual oil which is then subject to vacuum distillation to yield a bottom residual oil. DAO is produced by removing the asphalt from the vacuum bottom residual oil through extraction with light paraffinic solvent. The extract of DAO is a co-product in the production of the bright stock of the lubricating oil through extraction. The feedstock is mixed with the extract from a petroleum fraction boiling in lube oil range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: CPC Corporation, Taiwan
    Inventors: Chih-Cheng Chang, Jung-Huang Wu, Cheng-Tsung Hong, Jin-Shang Liou, Kuo-Min Wei, Hung-Chung Shen, Fu-Ming Lee
  • Publication number: 20140260510
    Abstract: A composition useful as a Reference Standard for measurement of Cetane Number or for use as a standard for determining a Derived Cetane Number consists essentially of a blend of n-hexadecane and 2,2,4,6,6-pentamethylheptane. The disclosed Reference Standards can be used directly as substitutes for blends of n-hexadecane and 2,2,4,4,6,8,8-heptamethylnonane in ASTM D613-10a for determining Cetane Number, or in ASTM D6890, ASTM 07170 or ASTM D7668 to determine a Derived Cetane Number.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventor: Indresh Mathur
  • Patent number: 8834705
    Abstract: A novel lubricant composition is disclosed. In one embodiment the lubricant composition comprises in admixture: a first base stock component comprising one or more base stocks each having a viscosity of at least 40 cSt, Kv100° C. and a molecular weight distribution (MWD) as a function of viscosity at least 10 percent less than algorithm: MWD=0.2223+1.0232*log (Kv at 100° C. in cSt); and a second base stock component comprising one or more base stocks each having a viscosity less than 10 cSt, Kv100° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Willie A. Givens, Angela S. Galiano-Roth, Margaret M. Wu, James T. Carey
  • Patent number: 8795112
    Abstract: An oil-free chain is constructed by alternately connecting a pair of outer link plates connected using pins and a pair of inner link plates connected using oil-impregnated bushings into which the adjacent pins of the outer link plates adjacent to the inner link plates are fitted. The oil-impregnated bushings are impregnated with a lubricant having a kinematic viscosity in the range of ISO-VG grade 46 to 460, the weight % of an ingredient having the highest content among the elution ingredients obtained by the GPC method is 95 wt % or more, Mn is 800 or more and 2300 or less, and the ratio of Mw to Mn is 1.0 or more and 1.3 or less. Oil film breakage at the sliding portions of the bushings is suppressed from occurring and the oil film strength is high such that an oil-free chain has a sufficiently long abrasion elongation-resistant life.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Tsubakimoto Chain Co.
    Inventor: Koji Tanaka
  • Patent number: 8795394
    Abstract: The present invention provides a gas oil composition for winter use, which can achieve environment load reduction, excellent low-temperature properties and low fuel consumption all together. The gas oil composition comprises on the basis of the total mass thereof, an FT synthetic base oil and/or a hydrotreated animal or vegetable oil with specific characteristics in an amount of 70 percent by volume or more and 98 percent by volume or less, a petroleum base oil with specific characteristics in an amount of 2 percent by volume or more and 30 percent by volume or less and a cold flow improver comprising an ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer and/or a compound with a surface active effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Oil Corporation
    Inventor: Hideaki Sugano
  • Patent number: 8785354
    Abstract: Hydrocarbon fluid which can be used in the composition of industrial, agricultural and household products, with a pour point of less than ?15° C. according to ASTM standard D97, initial and final boiling points between 200 and 450° C., containing more than 50% by weight of isoparaffins and naphthenes up to at most 40% by weight, and constituted by a mixture of hydrocarbons obtained by distillation of hydrodewaxed gas-oil cuts with a boiling point greater than 200° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Total Marketing Services
    Inventors: Antoine Westelynck, Christine Aubry, Achim Wiessler
  • Patent number: 8775138
    Abstract: The invention relates to linear programming methods and systems. The linear programming model has at least one input streams, at least one intermediate stream, and at least one output stream. The linear programming model is utilized for simulating the effect of withdrawing at least a portion of an intermediate steam on one or more of the model's outputs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph F. Carpency, Tom H. Arendt
  • Patent number: 8766022
    Abstract: A method for increasing the cetane number of a fuel composition containing a Fischer-Tropsch derived fuel component, in order to reach a target cetane number X, is provided by adding to the composition a concentration c of an ignition improver, wherein c is lower than the concentration which theory would predict needed to be added in order to achieve the target. The ignition improver is preferably 2-ethylhexyl nitrate and the fuel composition suitably a diesel or kerosene fuel. A fuel composition for use in a compression ignition engine, which has a cetane number of 85 or greater, and contains a Fischer-Tropsch derived fuel component and an ignition improver is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Richard Hugh Clark, Richard James Stradling, Robert Wilfred Matthews Wardle
  • Patent number: 8758595
    Abstract: The present invention is related to a process oil using as a raw material a deasphalted oil obtained by deasphalting a vacuum residual oil of a crude oil and a manufacturing method of the process oil, the process oil having properties of: (a) a polycyclic aromatics (PCA) content of less than 3 mass %; (b) a viscosity (100° C.) of 40 to 70 mm2/s; (c) an aniline point of 85 to 100° C.; (d) a flash point of 250° C. or higher; (e) an aromatic hydrocarbon content of 40 to 55 mass %; and (f) a polar substance content of 10 to 15 mass %. The present invention is also related to a process oil and a manufacturing method of the process oil, the process oil obtained by mixing: an extract obtained by deasphalting and solvent-extracting a vacuum residual oil of a crude oil; and a lubricant base oil having a polycyclic aromatics (PCA) content of less than 3 mass %, and having properties of: (a) a polycyclic aromatics (PCA) content of less than 3 mass %; (i) a viscosity (100° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Meishi Tanaka, Masashi Nakamura, Kazuhiro Teshima, Akihito Abe, Masami Takasaki
  • Patent number: 8748677
    Abstract: Methods and systems for blending multiple batches of mixed hydrocarbons into fuel streams downstream of the refinery are provided that do not compromise the octane value of the fuel and do not cause the volatility of the fuel to exceed volatilities imposed by government regulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Sunoco Partners Marketing & Terminals L.P.
    Inventor: Keith D. Buchanan
  • Patent number: 8748679
    Abstract: A method for producing synthetic fluids from TGFA's harvested from genetically modified seed crops in which all of the fatty acids in the TGFA's from the seeds of a crop have the same carbon atom chain length, preferably C12 or C14, and the synthetic fluids produced by the method. The TGFA's are hydroprocessed to cleave the fatty acids from the glycol backbone and to hydrodeoxygenate and isomerize the fatty acids to form single carbon chain length isoparaffins having a controlled degree of branching with minimum cracking. Controlled mixtures of hydrocarbon components, in which each hydrocarbon component of the mixture has a different single carbon atom chain length, are produced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Accelergy Corporation
    Inventor: Rocco A. Fiato
  • Patent number: 8742194
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon-containing mixture including acetylene and butenyne is disclosed. The hydrocarbon-containing mixture can include 10% to 89% acetylene, 10% to 89% butenyne, and at least 0.25% dimethyl butadiyne. A method and system for producing the hydrocarbon-containing mixture is also disclosed. The system can include an acetylene production subsystem comprising at least one vessel and an acetylene output for delivering acetylene to a finishing vessel via a finishing vessel inlet. The finishing vessel can include a diffuser in fluid communication with the finishing vessel inlet, and gas exiting the diffuser can pass through a reaction chamber filled with solid calcium carbide before passing through a finishing vessel outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: CM Global Systems, LLC
    Inventors: Douglas O. Mapp, Sr., Douglas O. Mapp, II
  • Patent number: 8741125
    Abstract: The invention provides a stock oil composition for a carbon material for a negative electrode for a lithium ion secondary battery, having a 10 vol % distillation temperature of 280° C. or higher as the distillation property, a density of at least 0.90 g/cm3 at a temperature of 15° C. and a normal paraffin content of at least 3 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight as the total weight of the stock oil composition; and having an aromatic component content of 30-85 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight as the total weight of the stock oil composition and an aromatic component molecular weight of 250-1600 when the aromatic components and non-aromatic components are separated by elution chromatography.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Tamotsu Tano, Takashi Oyama, Ippei Fujinaga, Masayuki Tasaki, Akio Sakamoto
  • Patent number: 8734725
    Abstract: A system for producing enhanced wax alternatives, including a high shear device comprising a rotor and a stator, and configured to process petroleum wax and base oil with a hydrogen-containing gas under shearing conditions to form a feedstock, wherein at least one of the rotor and the stator comprises a toothed surface; and a reactor comprising a reactor inlet and a reactor outlet, and configured for hydrogenation of the feedstock for a time sufficient to produce enhanced hydrogenated products, wherein the high shear device is in fluid communication with the reactor, whereby the feedstock is transferable therebetween.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: H R D Corporation
    Inventors: Abbas Hassan, Gregory G. Borsinger, Rayford G. Anthony, Aziz Hassan
  • Patent number: 8722947
    Abstract: The present invention provides a gas oil composition for use in a diesel engine containing an FT synthetic base oil and having a sulfur content of 5 ppm by mass or less, an oxygen content of 100 ppm by mass or less, a bulk modulus of 1250 MPa or greater and 1450 MPa or less, a saybolt color of +22 or greater, a lubricity of 400 ?m or less, an initial boiling point of 140° C. or higher and an end point of 380° C. or lower in distillation characteristics, wherein: (1) the cetane number in a fraction range of lower than 200° C. is 20 or greater and less than 40; (2) the cetane number in a fraction range of 200° C. or higher and lower than 280° C. is 30 or greater and less than 60; and (3) the cetane number in a fraction range of 280° C. or higher is 50 or greater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Oil Corporation
    Inventor: Hideaki Sugano
  • Patent number: 8715374
    Abstract: A methodology for separation and subsequent handling of FAME fractions of biodiesel, comprising of the steps, providing a biodiesel containing several different FAME fractions mixed together, the biodiesel being at a first temperature wherein at the first temperature none of the FAME fractions of the biodiesel have crystallized; bringing the biodiesel to a first crystallizing temperature, wherein when the biodiesel reaches the first crystallizing temperature, a first FAME fraction remains in a non-crystallized, liquid phase while the remaining FAME fractions crystallize; and separating the liquid first FAME fraction from the remaining crystallized FAME fractions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Green Fuels Research, Ltd.
    Inventor: Duane Johnson
  • Patent number: 8704018
    Abstract: We provide an extracted conjunct polymer naphtha (45), comprising a hydrogenated conjunct polymer naphtha, from a used ionic liquid catalyst, having a final boiling point less than 246° C. (475° F.), a Bromine Number of 5 or less, and at least 30 wt % naphthenes. We also provide a blended alkylate gasoline (97) comprising the extracted conjunct polymer naphtha (45), and integrated alkylation processes to make the extracted conjunct polymer naphtha (45) and the blended alkylate gasoline (97). We also provide a method to analyze alkylate products, by determining an amount of methylcyclohexane in the alkylate products (80).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Hye Kyung Cho Timken, Izadyar Dalvand, Douglas Robert Cyr, Michael Tung-hai Cheng, Huping Luo, Shawn Shlomo Winter, Michael Sean Driver, Donald Henry Mohr
  • Patent number: 8697924
    Abstract: Liquid fuel compositions comprising one or more C4+ compounds derived from a water soluble oxygenated hydrocarbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignees: Shell Oil Company, Virent, Inc
    Inventors: Joanna Margaret Bauldreay, Paul George Blommel, Randy Douglas Cortright, Richard John Price
  • Publication number: 20140088319
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a catalytic system for preparing highly branched alkane from olefin, which contains novel nickel or palladium complexes. In the presence of the catalytic system, highly branched oily alkane mixture can be efficiently obtained from olefins (such as ethylene) under mild conditions. The alkane mixture has a low bromine number, and can be used as a processing aid(s) and lubricant base oil with high-performance. Provides also was a method for preparing the catalyst and a method for preparing an oily olefin polymer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 23, 2012
    Publication date: March 27, 2014
    Applicant: Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    Inventors: Yong Tang, Wenjie Tao, Xiuli Sun, Junfang Li, Zheng Wang
  • Patent number: 8642524
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method for controlling soot induced viscosity increase in diesel engines, by using as the diesel engine lubricant an oil formulation comprising a base oil containing about 10 to 80 wt % GTL base stock and/or base oil and/or hydrodewaxed or hydroisomerized/catalytic (or solvent) dewaxed base stock and/or base oil in combination with 20 to 90 wt % conventional Group I petroleum derived base oil, said base oil being further combined with a polymeric viscosity modifier, and to the lubricating oil which effects such control over soot induced viscosity increase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Heather M. Haigh, Brandon Thomas Weldon, Jason Zhisheng Gao
  • Patent number: 8637438
    Abstract: A lubricating oil composition for internal combustion engines comprising a base oil containing at least one component selected from an ?-olefin oligomer having 16 to 40 carbon atoms obtained by oligomerizing ?-olefin(s) having 2 to 20 carbon atoms using a metallocene catalyst, and the hydrogenated derivative thereof; an ?-olefin oligomer having 16 to 40 carbon atoms derived from an ?-olefin dimer obtained using a metallocene catalyst, and the hydrogenated derivative thereof; and the like. The lubricating oil composition has an excellent low-temperature fluidity, a low evaporativity, and a good oxidation stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Ryou Yamada