Production Of Hydrocarbon Mixture From Refuse Or Vegetation Patents (Class 585/240)
  • Patent number: 11939611
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes biocatalytic processes for producing a product, comprising providing an aqueous stream (AS) comprising at least one fermentable substrate and a gaseous stream (GS) comprising at least one of CO2/H2, H2, methane, and/or CO to a fermentation zone, wherein the GS and AS stream are optionally contacted and/or mixed; the fermentation zone comprising at least one organism capable of metabolizing an AS substrate and a GS substrate, wherein the fermentation operates at conditions to mixotrophically metabolize at least one gaseous substrate in the GS and at least one substrate in the AS, producing the product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2024
    Assignee: INV NYLON CHEMICALS AMERICAS, LLC
    Inventors: Gary Smith, Alex Van Eck Conradie, Gregory S. Kirby, Paul S. Pearlman
  • Patent number: 11924305
    Abstract: A computer-implemented method, an apparatus, and a computer program product for edge node autonomy. For a first edge node of a plurality of edge nodes in a federation in a distributed computing framework, one or more processors receive a request to be sent to a central node in the distributed computing framework. The one or more processors determine whether the federation is connected to the central node. In response to determining that the federation is not connected to the central node, the one or more processors determine whether a controller capable of processing the request is available in the federation. In response to determining that the controller capable of processing the request is available in the federation, the one or more processors notify the controller to process the request.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2022
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2024
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Peng Li, Guang Ya Liu, Xun Pan, Hai Hui Wang, Xiang Zhen Gan
  • Patent number: 11884885
    Abstract: A process is provided for producing a liquid hydrocarbon material suitable for use as a fuel or as a blending component in a fuel. The process includes co-processing a pyrolysis oil derived from a waste plastic raw material and a biorenewable feedstock comprising triglycerides in a catalytic cracking process in a presence of a solid catalyst at catalytic cracking conditions to provide a cracking product. The cracking product may be fractionated to provide at least one of a gasoline fraction and a middle distillate fraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2022
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2024
    Inventors: Tengfei Liu, Joel Edward Schmidt, Richard Grove, Hye-Kyung Cho Timken
  • Patent number: 11859138
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for performing hydrodeoxygenation of bio-derived feeds while maintaining the hydrodeoxygenation catalyst in a sulfided state. During hydrodeoxygenation, a hydrogen-containing stream is provided to the hydrodeoxygenation reactor as a hydrogen treat gas to provide hydrogen for the reaction. In some aspects, the hydrogen treat gas used for hydrodeoxygenation can be formed at least in part from hydrogen that has been used as a stripping gas for removing H2S from a rich amine stream. In other aspects, H2S can be stripped using water vapor, and a resulting overhead HS stream can be compressed prior to incorporation of the H2S into a hydrogen-containing stream. The resulting hydrogen-containing stream can include sufficient H2S to substantially maintain the catalyst in the hydrodeoxygenation stage in a sulfided state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2022
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2024
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Technology and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Kirtan K. Trivedi, Michael H. Ring
  • Patent number: 11851620
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for producing renewable diesel. Disclosed herein is an example method of method for integration of product separation in renewable diesel production, including: stripping a hydrotreated effluent stream comprising hydrotreated biofeedstock to remove isomerization contaminants and form at least an isomerization feed stream and a first gas stream; contacting an isomerization effluent with the first gas stream such that the isomerization effluent adsorbs at least C4+ hydrocarbons from the first gas stream; and stripping at least a portion of an isomerization effluent in an integrated stripper while separated from the stripping the hydrocarbon stream by a dividing wall to remove hydrocarbons having 10 carbons or less and form at least a product stream and a second gas stream, wherein the product stream comprises renewable diesel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2022
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2023
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Technology and Engineering Company
    Inventor: Kirtan K. Trivedi
  • Patent number: 11814600
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods of producing industrial products from plant lipids, particularly from vegetative parts of plants. In particular, the present invention provides oil products such as biodiesel and synthetic diesel and processes for producing these, as well as plants having an increased level of one or more non-polar lipids such as triacylglycerols and an increased total non-polar lipid content. In one particular embodiment, the present invention relates to combinations of modifications in two or more of lipid handling enzymes, oil body proteins, decreased lipid catabolic enzymes and/or transcription factors regulating lipid biosynthesis to increase the level of one or more non-polar lipids and/or the total non-polar lipid content and/or mono-unsaturated fatty acid content in plants or any part thereof. In an embodiment, the present invention relates to a process for extracting lipids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2022
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2023
    Assignee: NUSEED GLOBAL INNNOVATION LTD.
    Inventors: Thomas Vanhercke, James Robertson Petrie, Anna El Tahchy, Surinder Pal Singh, Kyle Reynolds, Qing Liu, Benjamin Aldo Leita
  • Patent number: 11795090
    Abstract: A system and method for processing sewage sludge using pyrolysis to eliminate and/or significantly reduce organic chemical compounds, including plastics, and to produce a biochar product that is safe for beneficial uses is provided. The system and method can utilize pyrolysis to treat sewage sludge which dramatically reduces or eliminates regulated and unregulated synthetic organic chemical compounds in the resultant biochar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2022
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2023
    Assignee: WM INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY HOLDINGS, L.L.C.
    Inventors: James W. Ecker, Lindsay D'Anna, Eric Myers
  • Patent number: 11602735
    Abstract: In accordance with one or more embodiments of the present disclosure, a multi-stage process for upgrading pyrolysis oil comprising polyaromatic compounds to benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) includes upgrading the pyrolysis oil in a slurry-phase reactor zone to produce intermediate products, wherein the slurry-phase reactor zone comprises a mixed metal oxide catalyst; and hydrocracking the intermediate products in a fixed-bed reactor zone to produce the BTEX, wherein the fixed-bed reactor zone comprises a mesoporous zeolite-supported metal catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2021
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2023
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Miao Sun, Sohel K. Shaikh, Ibrahim A. Abba, Noor Al-Mana, Ke Zhang, Zhonglin Zhang
  • Patent number: 11591523
    Abstract: A distillation apparatus for use in microwave-assisted pyrolysis includes a microwave, a pyrolysis reactor, a microwave-absorbent bed, and a condenser. The pyrolysis reactor is located within the microwave and configured to receive a liquid input stream and to output a vapor. The microwave-absorbent bed is located within the pyrolysis reactor that converts microwave energy provided by the microwave to thermal energy to initiate pyrolysis within the pyrolysis reactor, wherein the pyrolysis reactor provides a vapor output. The condenser is configured to receive the vapor output of the pyrolysis reactor and to cool and condense the vapor into a recoverable product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2021
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2023
    Assignee: Resynergi, Inc.
    Inventors: Rongsheng Ruan, Erik Anderson
  • Patent number: 11577227
    Abstract: In accordance with one or more embodiments of the present disclosure, a multi-stage process for upgrading pyrolysis oil comprising polyaromatic compounds to benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) includes upgrading the pyrolysis oil in a slurry-phase reactor zone to produce intermediate products, wherein the slurry-phase reactor zone comprises a mixed metal oxide catalyst; and hydrocracking the intermediate products in a fixed-bed reactor zone to produce the BTEX, wherein the fixed-bed reactor zone comprises a mesoporous zeolite-supported metal catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2021
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2023
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Miao Sun, Sohel K. Shaikh, Ibrahim A. Abba, Noor Al-Mana, Ke Zhang, Zhonglin Zhang
  • Patent number: 11542434
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus and method for processing reusable fuel wherein the apparatus comprises a support body and a plurality of augers disposed within the support body. The augers may be configured to rotate against a vapor flow to clean carbon char from vapors comprising condensable and non-condensable hydrocarbons. A drive system may be connected to drive and control the plurality of augers. An exhaust system is connected to the support body. A gearbox housing is connected to the exhaust system, wherein the drive system is accommodated in the gearbox housing. A ventilation system is disposed within the gearbox housing. Additionally, a thermal expansion system may be connected to the support body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2023
    Assignee: Golden Renewable Energy, LLC
    Inventors: Anthony F. Tenore, Oluwadare Oluwaseun, David Fowler, Anthony N. Tenore
  • Patent number: 11484854
    Abstract: A closure device for a bulk material system is provided, specifically for regulating a flow of heat transfer particles. The closure device includes a bulk material guide which has a first opening for connection to the bulk material system and a second opening for the discharge of a bulk material guided by the bulk material system, and a closure blade which is rotatably mounted about an axis of rotation. The closure blade, in a first rotational position, closes the second opening and, in a second rotational position, at least partially uncovers the second opening. The closure blade is mounted in such a manner to reduce jamming of the closure device in operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2022
    Assignee: Concord Blue Patent GmbH
    Inventor: Christopher Thannhauser
  • Patent number: 11466220
    Abstract: Described is a novel process for fractionating biomass pyrolysis oil quantitatively into energy dense hydrophobic aromatic fraction and water-soluble organics in an economical and energy efficient manner. Using the concepts of solvents and anti-solvent behaviours to separate the pyrolysis oil, which is an emulsion, a method utilising minimal quantities of solvents and water is proposed, By comparison with the existing methods to isolate the hydrophobic aromatic fraction, there is a volume reduction of greater than 50:1. Additionally, there is a significant time saving over the 24 hours for the accepted method as a solvent, and the anti-solvent system is spontaneous.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2022
    Assignee: ALDER ENERGY, LLC
    Inventors: Sanjeev Gajjela, Ralph Phillips Overend, Javier Gonzalez Catalan, Zhiheng Wu, Patricia Lapuente, Jose Antonio Medrano Catalan
  • Patent number: 11466222
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to marine fuel compositions having low sulfur content and processes for making such compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2022
    Assignee: NESTE OYJ
    Inventor: Varpu Markkanen
  • Patent number: 11434160
    Abstract: A system and method for processing sewage sludge using pyrolysis to eliminate and/or significantly reduce organic chemical compounds, including plastics, and to produce a biochar product that is safe for beneficial uses is provided. The system and method can utilize pyrolysis to treat sewage sludge which dramatically reduces or eliminates regulated and unregulated synthetic organic chemical compounds in the resultant biochar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2021
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2022
    Assignee: WM Intellectual Property Holdings, L.L.C.
    Inventors: James W. Ecker, Lindsay D'Anna, Eric Myers
  • Patent number: 11376521
    Abstract: Systems and methods in accordance with the present invention provide for the efficient distillation of ethanol in an ethanol plant including a beer column. Heat is captured in the distillation process and utilized to drive operations in the ethanol plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2022
    Assignee: LucasE3, L.C.
    Inventor: Scott A. Lucas
  • Patent number: 11365369
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods of producing industrial products from plant lipids, particularly from vegetative parts of plants. In particular, the present invention provides oil products such as biodiesel and synthetic diesel and processes for producing these, as well as plants having an increased level of one or more non-polar lipids such as triacylglycerols and an increased total non-polar lipid content. In one particular embodiment, the present invention relates to combinations of modifications in two or more of lipid handling enzymes, oil body proteins, decreased lipid catabolic enzymes and/or transcription factors regulating lipid biosynthesis to increase the level of one or more non-polar lipids and/or the total non-polar lipid content and/or mono-unsaturated fatty acid content in plants or any part thereof. In an embodiment, the present invention relates to a process for extracting lipids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2022
    Assignee: COMMONWEALTH SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH ORGANISATION
    Inventors: Thomas Vanhercke, James Robertson Petrie, Anna El Tahchy, Surinder Pal Singh, Kyle Reynolds, Qing Liu, Benjamin Aldo Leita
  • Patent number: 11352747
    Abstract: A process for improving high aspect ratio cellulose filament blends comprising the steps of: a) providing a blend of cellulose nano-filaments or blend of cellulose micro-filaments; b) diluting the blend of cellulose nano-filaments or the blend of cellulose micro-filaments to a target consistency; c) fractionating the diluted blend of cellulose nano-filaments or the diluted blend of cellulose micro-filaments from the step c); and, d) collecting the fraction of the diluted blend of cellulose nano-filaments or the diluted blend of cellulose micro-filaments from the step c) having an average length of greater than at least about 25 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2022
    Assignee: Mercer International Inc.
    Inventor: Tobias Ziegenbein
  • Patent number: 11279883
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of heating and cooling a feed mixture in a continuous high pressure process for transforming carbonaceous materials into liquid hydrocarbon products in a high pressure processing system adapted for processing a feed mixture at a temperature of at least 340° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2022
    Assignee: STEEPER ENERGY APS
    Inventors: Steen Brummerstedt Iversen, Andrew Ironside, Claus Uhrenholt Jensen
  • Patent number: 11279882
    Abstract: A hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) system can comprise a biomass slurry source, a first pump in fluid communication with the slurry source and configured to pressurize a biomass slurry stream from the slurry source to a first pressure, a first heat exchanger in fluid communication with the first pump and configured to heat a slurry stream received from the first pump to a first temperature, a second pump in fluid communication with the first heat exchanger and configured to pressurize a slurry stream received from the first heat exchanger to a second pressure higher than the first pressure, a second heat exchanger in fluid communication with the second pump and configured to heat a slurry stream received from the second pump to a second temperature higher than the first temperature, and a HTL reactor configured to produce biocrude from a slurry stream received from the second heat exchanger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2022
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Michael R. Thorson, Lesley J. Snowden-Swan, Andrew J. Schmidt, Todd R. Hart, Justin M. Billing, Daniel B. Anderson, Richard T. Hallen
  • Patent number: 11273405
    Abstract: A method for recovering hydrogen which is capable of efficiently recovering high concentration hydrogen gas by adsorbing and removing hydrocarbon gas such as carbon dioxide from biomass pyrolysis gas under a relatively low pressure, and also capable of storing the recovered high concentration hydrogen gas, preferably, in a cartridge type container that can be used as is as a hydrogen storing container for an apparatus equipped with a fuel cell. The method includes a first purifying stare of purifying biomass pyrolysis gas and a second purifying stage of purifying the obtained purified gas under a pressure equal to or less than the pressure in the first purifying stage to recover gas that contains hydrogen, and further includes a hydrogen storing stage of feeding the gas containing hydrogen recovered in the second purifying stage into the container filled with a hydrogen storage alloy and storing high purity hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2022
    Assignees: JAPAN BLUE ENERGY CO., LTD., TOKYO UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Kiyoshi Dowaki, Noboru Katayama, Naoki Dowaki, Mitsuo Kameyama
  • Patent number: 11267959
    Abstract: A copolymer may include ethylene and vinyl acetate, in which the ethylene is at least partially obtained from a renewable source of carbon. Embodiments may also be directed to curable polymer compositions, expandable polymer compositions, articles, cured articles, and expanded articles formed from or including such copolymers of ethylene and vinyl acetate, in which the ethylene is at least partially obtained from a renewable source of carbon. A process for producing an ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer may include polymerizing ethylene at least partially obtained from a renewable source of carbon with vinyl acetate to produce the ethylene vinyl actate copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2022
    Assignee: Braskem S.A.
    Inventors: Giancarlos Delevati, Mauro Alfredo Soto Oviedo, Fernanda Munhoz Anderle, Omar Wandir Renck, José Augusto Esteves Viveiro
  • Patent number: 11174438
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for producing liquid hydrocarbon products from a biomass, biomass containing and/or biomass-derived feedstock, said process comprising the steps of: a) contacting the feedstock with a first hydropyrolysis catalyst composition and molecular hydrogen in a first hydropyrolysis reactor vessel at a temperature in the range of from 350 to 600° C. and a pressure in the range of from 0.50 to 7.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2021
    Assignee: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Vikrant Nanasaheb Urade, Laxmi Narasimhan Chilkoor Soundararajan, Madhusudhan Rao Panchagnula, Alan Anthony Del Paggio
  • Patent number: 11142702
    Abstract: Apparatus and process for producing hydrocarbons from biomass having a pyrolysis reactor (2) in which dry biomass (Bd) is heated in an environment substantially free from oxygen and halogens, a pyrolysis product (PP) and char (C) is produced, a gasification reactor (3) in which separated char (C) is heated in an environment containing steam (Wst) to reduce the char (C) to produce a synthesis gas (Sh), a gas cooler (4) in which the produced synthesis gas (Sh) is cooled to a cooled synthesis gas (Srt); a conditioning and pressure system (5) in which cooled synthesis gas (Srt) is refined to produce a purified synthesis gas (Sp), and a separation device (6) in which hydrogen gas (H2) is separated from purified synthesis gas (Sp).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2021
    Assignee: Cortus AB
    Inventor: Rolf Ljunggren
  • Patent number: 11097994
    Abstract: Paraffin compositions including mainly even carbon number paraffins, and a method for manufacturing the same, is disclosed herein. In one embodiment, the method involves contacting naturally occurring fatty acid/glycerides with hydrogen in a slurry bubble column reactor containing bimetallic catalysts with equivalent particle diameters from about 10 to about 400 micron. The even carbon number compositions are particularly useful as phase change material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2021
    Assignee: REG Synthetic Fuels, LLC
    Inventors: Ramin Abhari, H. Lynn Tomlinson, Vladimir Gruver
  • Patent number: 11091417
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a process for synthesizing an internal ketone K1 by decarboxylative ketonization reaction of a fatty acid, a fatty acid derivative or a mixture thereof in a liquid phase with a metal compound as catalyst in a reaction medium, said process being characterized in that a ketone K2 at liquid state, which is identical or similar to the ketone K1, is introduced into the reaction medium. The so-synthesized internal ketone K1 can be used for the preparation of a variety of end compounds, including surfactants having a twin-tail structure or a Gemini structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2021
    Assignee: RHODIA OPERATIONS
    Inventors: Olivier Back, Rémy Leroy, Philippe Marion
  • Patent number: 11053446
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a process to reduce total acid number (TAN) of a heat transfer fluid. The process comprises contacting the heat transfer fluid with an adsorbent composition at a temperature in the range of 50° C. to 350° C. and a pressure in the range of 1 bar to 10 bar to obtain a treated heat transfer fluid having total acid number (TAN) in the range of 0.003 to 0.03 and pH in the range of 6 to 7.5, wherein the adsorbent composition is provided in a fixed bed and the heat transfer fluid is passed through the fixed bed comprising the adsorbent composition at a liquid hourly space velocity (LHSV) in the range of 0.5 per hour to 10 per hour.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Assignee: RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED
    Inventors: Prakash Kumar, Satish Kumar, Sunil Agrahari, Sunil Peter, Kalpana Gopalakrishnan, Rajeev Kumar Gupta, Viral B. Desai, Tarun Singla, Dinesh Kakkar, Pankaj Upadhyay, Piyush Vyas, Raksh Vir Jasra
  • Patent number: 11021416
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the production of olefinic compounds that can be used for the production of detergents, additives, lubricants and/or plastic materials, or components which can be used in the field of oil explorations and productions, and a hydrocarbon fuel or a fraction thereof, which comprises subjecting a mixture of glycerides having at least one unsaturated hydrocarbon chain, to metathesis reaction and, after separating the olefinic mixture obtained, effecting a hydrodeoxygenation and subsequently hydroisomerization process, so as to obtain the hydrocarbon fuel or a fraction thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2021
    Assignee: versalis S.p.A.
    Inventors: Aldo Bosetti, Sergio Francantonio Lombardini, Gianni Girotti
  • Patent number: 10995276
    Abstract: The methods described herein provide an efficient way to remove and isolate short chain fatty acids from hydrocarbons that are produced upon the heating of a fatty acid resource. The short chain fatty acids can be continuously isolated and fed into the pyrolysis reactor, which in turn increases the overall efficiency of the production of the hydrocarbons. Alternatively, the short chain fatty acids can be isolated and used in other applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: Forge Hydrocarbons Corporation
    Inventor: David Bressler
  • Patent number: 10961172
    Abstract: A process for purifying an olefinic feedstock containing olefins with 4 carbon atoms and impurities including isobutanal, ethanol and acetone, the process including a pre-treatment containing at least one step of eliminating the ethanol and the water present in the olefinic feedstock and a step of simultaneously eliminating the isobutanal and the acetone, by passing the feedstock from the pre-treatment over at least one fixed bed of at least one adsorbent containing at least one material with a zeolite framework, the material with a zeolite framework being chosen from zeolites, AIPOs, SAPOs and mixtures thereof; the step of simultaneously eliminating the isobutanal and the acetone being carried out at a temperature of between 0 and 200° C., at a pressure of 0.1 to 10 MPa and with an hourly space velocity of the feedstock over the fixed bed of 0.1 to 10 h?1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2021
    Assignees: IFP Energies nouvelles, TOTAL RESEARCH & TECHNOLOGY FELUY
    Inventors: Karin Barthelet, Emmanuelle Bracco, Vincent Coupard, Nikolai Nesterenko
  • Patent number: 10947457
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for production of a fuel composition, more specifically a middle distillate fuel composition, and a composition—in particular a co feed composition comprising a furanyl containing oligomerisation composition admixed with one or more material component comprising fatty acids or fatty acid derivatives and the use of such composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Assignee: NESTE OYJ
    Inventors: Ulla Kiiski, Marina Lindblad, Marja Tiitta, Kaija Isokoski
  • Patent number: 10920150
    Abstract: Process for the production of bio-oil from biomass comprising the following steps: (a) feeding a biomass to a liquefaction reactor, said biomass having a protein content higher than or equal to 1% by weight, preferably ranging from 5% by weight to 50% by weight, with respect to the weight (dry weight) of said biomass, a lipid content higher than or equal to 1% by weight, preferably ranging from 5% by weight to 60% by weight, with respect to the weight (dry weight) of said biomass, a pH higher than or equal to 4, preferably ranging from 4.5 to 10; (b) subjecting said biomass to liquefaction operating at a temperature ranging from 220° C. to 350° C., preferably ranging from 230° C. to 310° C., even more preferably ranging from 240° C. to 300° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2021
    Assignee: ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Stefano Carlo Chiaberge, Mauro Burattini, Roberta Miglio, Marina Cabrini
  • Patent number: 10913902
    Abstract: Methods to convert an oxygen containing organic compound(s) to one or more water-free liquid hydrocarbons products. They make use of a catalytic process in a two-stage reactor system having a first reactor and a second reactor in series. Process design is described for effective conversion of aqueous low energy-dense aqueous solutions containing oxygen containing organic compound(s) to liquid hydrocarbons; the process design preferably employs the solid acid catalysts comprised of microporous aluminosilicates denoted as zeolites mixed with silicon carbide binder in series of two reactor system with capability of complete water removal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Dat T. Tran, Ivan C. Lee, Luther J. Mahoney, Laleh Emdadi, Chi K. Nguyen
  • Patent number: 10858607
    Abstract: A process for cleaning and beneficiating biomass is described which may allow removal of entrained salts and light volatiles from biomass materials. The process may also minimize energy use through capturing steam and flue gases for re-use. The process may generally comprise the following steps: prewashing and/or preheating a biomass, pressurizing the biomass in a steam explosion vessel, rapidly depressurizing the steam explosion vessel, releasing the steam from the steam explosion vessel entrained with fine lignin-enriched particles into a cyclone-type gas expansion vessel, routing the steam from the gas expansion vessel to the input hopper, subjecting the biomass to a second washing step, mechanically removing a portion of the water from the biomass, and evaporatively heating the biomass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2020
    Assignee: Active Energy Group PLC
    Inventors: Philip J. Scalzo, Carleton D. Tait, Ronald A. Cella
  • Patent number: 10851037
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a pyrolysis method. The method involves providing a biomass and subjecting the biomass, in a reactor operating under conditions of parasitic heat loss of less than 1% of the biomass' chemical energy content, to partial oxidation where, during steady state operation of the reactor, oxygen is provided to the reactor in sufficient quantity to achieve an equivalence ratio of 0.06 to 0.15 to release sufficient energy to support endothermic pyrolysis reactions and produce condensable organic compounds as the major portion of the pyrolysis products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC.
    Inventors: Robert C. Brown, Joseph P. Polin, Lysle E. Whitmer
  • Patent number: 10800976
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the manufacture of diesel range hydrocarbons wherein a feed is hydrotreated in a hydrotreating step and isomerised in an isomerisation step, and a feed comprising fresh feed containing more than 5 wt % of free fatty acids and at least one diluting agent is hydrotreated at a reaction temperature of 200-400° C., in a hydrotreating reactor in the presence of catalyst, and the ratio of the diluting agent/fresh feed is 5-30:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2020
    Assignee: Neste OYJ
    Inventors: Jukka Myllyoja, Pekka Aalto, Pekka Savolainen, Veli-Matti Purola, Ville Alopaeus, Johan Gronqvist
  • Patent number: 10786806
    Abstract: The invention provides a catalyst system and method for the deoxygenation of hydrocarbons, such as bio-oil, using a sulphide-sulfate or an oxide-carbonate (LDH) system. The invention extends to a pyrolysis process of a carbonaceous bio-mass wherein a first combustion zone is carried out in one or more combustion fluidised beds in which a particulate material including chemically looping deoxygenation catalyst particles is fluidised and heated, and a second pyrolysis zone carried out in one or more pyrolysis fluidised beds in which the hot particles, including the catalyst particles, heated in the combustion zone are used for pyrolysis of the bio-mass, said combustion zone being operated at a temperature of from 250° C. to 1100° C., typically around 900° C., and the pyrolysis zone being operated at a temperature of from 250° C. to 900° C., typically 450° C. to 600° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: University of Pretoria
    Inventors: Michael Heydenrych, Olinto Del Fabbro, Walter Focke, Frederick Labuschagne, Ryan Merckel
  • Patent number: 10781376
    Abstract: A method for producing hydrocarbons from glycerol. The method includes packing a catalyst comprising a noble metal and a support material into a reactor, introducing a reactant mixture containing glycerol into the reactor such that the reactant mixture containing methane is in close contact with the reactant mixture, and heating the reactant mixture containing glycerol to a temperature for a contact time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Assignee: Purdue Research Foundation
    Inventors: Arvind Varma, Yang Xiao
  • Patent number: 10619105
    Abstract: Various techniques are disclosed for pretreating municipal solid waste (MSW) and other biomass-containing feedstocks that may be of a poorer quality and consequently more difficult, or even impossible, to convert to higher value liquid products (e.g., transportation fuels) using conventional processes. Such conventional processes may otherwise be satisfactory for the conversion of the biomass portion of the feedstock alone. The pretreatment of biomass-containing feedstocks may generally include steps carried out prior to a hydropyrolysis step and optionally further steps, in order to change one or more characteristics of the feedstock, rendering it more easily upgradable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Larry G. Felix, Martin B. Linck, Terry L. Marker, Michael J. Roberts
  • Patent number: 10619106
    Abstract: The present invention provides methods, reactor systems and catalysts for converting biomass and biomass-derived feedstocks to C8+ hydrocarbons using heterogenous catalysts. The product stream may be separated and further processed for use in chemical applications, or as a neat fuel or a blending component in jet fuel and diesel fuel, or as heavy oils for lubricant and/or fuel oil applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Assignee: Virent, Inc.
    Inventors: Brice Dally, Warren Lyman, Randy Cortright, Paul Blommel
  • Patent number: 10563129
    Abstract: Biomass is converted into a bio-oil containing stream in a riser reactor containing a cooling media. The cooling media quenches the rapid heat transfer to the biomass during cracking of the biomass in the mixing zone of the riser. By lowering the temperature to which the mixing zone effluent is exposed, production of carbon monoxide and light gases is decreased during thermolysis of the biomass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2020
    Assignee: Inaeris Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Bruce Adkins, Lorenz J. Bauer, Ronald Cordle, Richard A. Engelman, J. Christopher Lewis
  • Patent number: 10544367
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus and method for processing reusable fuel wherein the apparatus comprises a support body and a plurality of augers disposed within the support body. The augers may be configured to rotate against a vapor flow to clean carbon char from vapors comprising condensable and non-condensable hydrocarbons. A drive system may be connected to drive and control the plurality of augers. An exhaust system is connected to the support body. A gearbox housing is connected to the exhaust system, wherein the drive system is accommodated in the gearbox housing. A ventilation system is disposed within the gearbox housing. Additionally, a thermal expansion system may be connected to the support body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2020
    Assignee: Golden Renewable Energy, LLC
    Inventors: Anthony F. Tenore, Oluwadare Oluwaseun, David Fowler, Anthony N. Tenore
  • Patent number: 10538464
    Abstract: A system and process for processing biologically-derived compounds or a complex bio-oil by converting cyclic compounds in a complex bio-oil or biologically-derived compounds to desired materials such as high molecular weight paraffins with minimal carbon loss by using a ring-contraction catalyst to selectively produce C5 ring containing compounds; and then reacting the C5 ring containing compounds with a C5 ring opening catalyst in a second reactor to minimize carbon loss via cracking reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Vanessa Dagle, Karl O. Albrecht, Robert A. Dagle
  • Patent number: 10526555
    Abstract: A process for producing methane from a biomass, biomass-containing and/or biomass-derived feedstock is provided. The process comprises: a) providing in a hydropyrolysis reactor vessel a hydropyrolysis catalyst composition, said composition comprising one or more active metals supported on an oxide-based support, said one or more active metals comprising at least one of cobalt and nickel and said one or more active metals being present in total in an amount in the range of from 2 to 75 wt % based on the overall weight of the catalyst composition; b) contacting the feedstock with said hydropyrolysis catalyst composition and molecular hydrogen in said hydropyrolysis reactor vessel, to produce a first product stream comprising char, catalyst fines and gases comprising hydrogen and hydrocarbons, of which hydrocarbons at least 70 wt % is methane and, optionally, CO and CO2; and c) removing said char and catalyst fines from said first product stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Assignee: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Vikrant Nanasaheb Urade, Laxmi Narasimhan Chilkoor Soundararajan, Madhusudhan Rao Panchagnula, Dhairya Dilip Mehta
  • Patent number: 10472587
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods of producing industrial products from plant lipids, particularly from vegetative parts of plants. In particular, the present invention provides oil products such as biodiesel and synthetic diesel and processes for producing these, as well as plants having an increased level of one or more non-polar lipids such as triacylglycerols and an increased total non-polar lipid content. In one particular embodiment, the present invention relates to combinations of modifications in two or more of lipid handling enzymes, oil body proteins, decreased lipid catabolic enzymes and/or transcription factors regulating lipid biosynthesis to increase the level of one or more non-polar lipids and/or the total non-polar lipid content and/or mono-unsaturated fatty acid content in plants or any part thereof. In an embodiment, the present invention relates to a process for extracting lipids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Assignee: COMMONWEALTH SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH ORGANISATION
    Inventors: Thomas Vanhercke, James Robertson Petrie, Anna El Tahchy, Surinder Pal Singh, Kyle Reynolds, Qing Liu, Benjamin Aldo Leita
  • Patent number: 10457875
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a catalytic process for the manufacture of hydrogen and hydrocarbons simultaneously in the same reactor from renewable source, i.e. lipids, glycerides and fatty acids from plant, animal or algae oil, where in the multiple unsaturations in the renewable feedstock and the catalytic intermediates produced in the process from renewable feedstock is converted catalytically using simultaneous combination of in-situ occurring reactions. These in-situ occurring reactions are simultaneous combination of hydroconversion, reforming and water gas shift reactions wherein the reaction is performed in the presence of one or more metal sulfides form of metals of Group VI and/or Group IX and/or Group X elements, specifically comprises of one or more active metal combinations such as Co, W, Mo, Ni, P, with Pt, Pd encapsulated inside sodalite cages for prevention against poisoning from sulfur based compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Assignee: COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC & INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH
    Inventors: Anil Kumar Sinha, Mohit Anand, Saleem Akthar Farooqui, Rakesh Kumar, Rakesh Kumar Joshi, Rohit Kumar, Aditya Rai
  • Patent number: 10450701
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to the generation of bio-products from organic matter feedstocks. More specifically, the present invention relates to the use of pulping liquors in the hydrothermal/thermochemical conversion of lignocellulosic and/or fossilised organic feedstocks into biofuels (e.g. bio-oils) and/or chemical products (e.g. platform chemicals).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignees: Licella Pty Ltd, Canfor Pulp Ltd
    Inventors: William Rowlands, Leonard James Humphreys, Robert Downie, Paul Watson
  • Patent number: 10385276
    Abstract: A waste material process reactor is configured to convers waste to fuel by exposing a carbon-based material to liquid media to form hydrocarbon fuel. Heat exchangers, power generation processes and combustion turbine exhaust apparatus are also provided. Fuel generation processes and generation systems are provided. Reaction media conduit systems as well as processes for servicing reactant media pumps coupled to both inlet and outlet conduits containing reactant media, are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Assignee: GPI PATENT HOLDING LLC
    Inventors: Michael P. Spitzauer, James D. Osterloh
  • Patent number: 10385278
    Abstract: The use of bio oil from at least one renewable source in a hydrotreatment process, in which process hydrocarbons are formed from said glyceride oil in a catalytic reaction, and the iron content of said bio oil is less than 1 w-ppm calculated as elemental iron. A bio oil intermediate including bio oil from at least one renewable source and the iron content of said bio oil is less than 1 w-ppm calculated as elemental iron.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Assignee: Neste OYJ
    Inventors: Tuomas Ouni, Vainö Sippola, Petri Lindqvist
  • Patent number: 10358605
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method to reduce the formation of high molecular weight compounds and catalyst coking in the production of renewable diesel. Renewable diesel is produced using hydrogenation, decarboxylation, decarbonylation, and/or hydrodeoxygenation of renewable feedstocks such as animal and/or plant fats, oils, and/or greases (FOG). By first reacting the most reactive species in the FOG in an initial reaction zone prior to the main reaction zone, maximum reaction temperatures and side reactions that lead to the formation of high molecular weight compounds are reduced. This reduces catalyst coking (extends catalyst life) and improves product quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: SAOLA RENEWABLES LLC
    Inventor: Dean Camper