Al Patents (Class 585/532)
  • Patent number: 10316256
    Abstract: A method for removing amine contaminants from both liquid and gaseous hydrocarbon streams and methods thereof are described. An additive that reacts with said contaminant to form water-soluble compounds is injected into the hydrocarbon streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Inventors: David Birenbaum Engel, Scott Nelson Williams
  • Patent number: 10221364
    Abstract: A system for removing contaminants from both liquid and gaseous hydrocarbon streams and methods thereof are described. An additive that reacts with said contaminant to form water-soluble compounds is injected into the hydrocarbon streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Inventors: David Birenbaum Engel, Scott Nelson Williams
  • Patent number: 9982201
    Abstract: A system for removing contaminants from both liquid and gaseous hydrocarbon streams and methods thereof are described. An additive that reacts with said contaminant to form water-soluble compounds is injected into the hydrocarbon streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Assignee: NexoSolutions LLC
    Inventors: David Birenbaum Engel, Scott Nelson Williams
  • Patent number: 9975822
    Abstract: A method of precipitating polymer and deactivated organometallic catalyst in an olefin oligomerization reaction is provided. The method includes providing an effluent stream from an olefin oligomerization reaction. The effluent stream can include a polymer and an organometallic catalyst. The method can further include introducing sorbent particles into the effluent stream. The sorbent particles can include a deactivating agent. The deactivating agent can be water, an alcohol, an amine, an amino alcohol, or a combination thereof. At least about 10% of the sorbent particles can have a particle size in a range from 10 ?m and 60 ?m. The method can further include cooling the effluent stream, thereby precipitating polymer and deactivated organometallic catalyst from the effluent stream to provide a precipitate that includes sorbent, polymer, and deactivated catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Inventor: Timur Mikhailovich Zilbershtein
  • Patent number: 9029621
    Abstract: A process for oligomerizing isobutene comprises contacting a feedstock comprising isobutene with a catalyst comprising a MCM-22 family molecular sieve under conditions effective to oligomerize the isobutene, wherein said conditions including a temperature from about 45° C. to less than 140° C. The isobutene may be a component of a hydrocarbon feedstock containing at least one additional C4 alkene. In certain aspects, isobutene oligomers are separated from a first effluent of the oligomerization to produce a second effluent comprising at least one n-butene. The second effluent can be contacted with an alkylation catalyst to produce sec-butylbenzene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: John Scott Buchanan, Jane Chi-Ya Cheng, Jihad Mohammed Dakka, Jon Edmond Stanat
  • Patent number: 8901364
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for producing a hydrocarbon fraction rich in components boiling in the range typical for diesel fuel comprising contacting a feedstock comprising one or more C2 to C10 alkenes with a modified zeolite catalyst having a one-dimensional micropore structure consisting of channels made from rings containing between 8 and 12 silicon/aluminum atoms at a temperature in the range 100 to 500° C. and pressure in the range 0.1 to 200 bar characterized in that the modified zeolite catalyst is one which has been prepared by treating a corresponding zeolite precursor with an alkaline solution. The alkaline solution used to treat the zeolite precursor can be for example aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. Relative to equivalent untreated zeolites the modified zeolite catalysts described show improved catalyst life and selectivity to hydrocarbons boiling in the range 250 to 350° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: BP Corporation North America Inc.
    Inventors: Avelino Corma, Cristina Martinez, Eric J. Doskocil, George Yaluris
  • Patent number: 8901363
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for producing a hydrocarbon fraction rich in components boiling in the range typical for diesel fuel comprising contacting a feedstock comprising one or more C2 to C10 alkenes with a zeolite catalyst having partially neutralised acidity and a one-dimensional or two dimensional micropore structure consisting of channels made from rings containing between 10 and 12 silicon/aluminium atoms at a temperature in the range 373 to 773 K and pressure in the range 0.1 to 200 bar characterised in that the partially neutralized zeolite catalyst contains both protons and basic cations. The basic cations are preferably selected from the group comprising Group IA and IIA cations (preferably sodium, potassium, caesium or mixtures thereof). Relative to their equivalent fully protonic forms the partially neutralized zeolite catalysts described show improved catalyst life and selectivity to hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: BP Corporation North America Inc.
    Inventors: Avelino Corma, Cristina Martinez, Eric J. Doskocil, George Yaluris
  • Patent number: 8889931
    Abstract: A process for the oligomerization of C6-C24 alpha-olefins to give a polyolefin product comprising at least 50 mole % of alphaolefin trimers. The process involves contacting two or more C6-C24 alpha-olefins with a catalyst in a solvent at a temperature below 120° C. and under reaction conditions sufficient to produce the alphaolefin trimers. The polyolefin product has a viscosity (Kv100) from 2 to 8 cSt at 100° C., and a viscosity index (VI) from 100 to 160. The polyolefin product comprises at least two alphaolefin trimers, each having a different total carbon number. The process further involves hydrogenating the polyolefin product to form a lubricating oil base stock. The lubricating oil base stock can be used in formulating lubricating oils. The lubricating oils are advantageous as engine oils that can improve engine fuel efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Shuji Luo, Abhimanyu Onkar Patil
  • Patent number: 8865959
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of oligomeric poly alpha-olefins includes oligomerizing low molecular weight PAO oligomer in the presence of a Lewis acid catalyst such as promoted aluminum trichloride or boron trifluoride under oligomerization conditions. The low molecular weight PAO oligomers used as a feed or feed component of the present process are the light olefinic by-product fractions including the dimers and light fractions from the metallocene-catalyzed PAO oligomerization process which are characterized by a molecular weight of 150 to 600 and a terminal olefin (vinylidene) content of at least 25%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Abhimanyu Onkar Patil, Margaret May-Som Wu, Norman Yang
  • Patent number: 8785707
    Abstract: A catalyst that comprises at least one binder and at least one crystallized material with hierarchized and organized porosity in the fields of microporosity and mesoporosity is described, whereby said crystallized material consists of at least two elementary spherical particles, each of said particles comprising a mesostructured silicon-oxide-based matrix that has a mesopore diameter of between 1.5 and 30 nm and that has microporous and crystallized walls with a thickness of between 1 and 60 nm, whereby said elementary spherical particles have a maximum diameter of 200 microns. Said catalyst is used in a process for oligomerization of an olefinic feedstock that contains hydrocarbon molecules that have 2 to 12 carbon atoms per molecule.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Amandine Cabiac, Alexandra Chaumonnot, Laurent Simon
  • Patent number: 8742193
    Abstract: A process for oligomerization of an olefinic feedstock that contains olefinic hydrocarbon molecules that have 2 to 10 carbon atoms per molecule is described, whereby said process comprises bringing said feedstock into contact with a catalyst that comprises at least one amorphous material with hierarchized and organized porosity and consists of at least two elementary spherical particles, each of said particles comprising a mesostructured silicon-oxide-based matrix that has a mesopore diameter of between 1.5 and 30 nm and that exhibits amorphous and microporous walls with a thickness of between 1 and 50 nm, whereby said elementary spherical particles have a maximum diameter of 200 microns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Amandine Cabias, Alexandra Chaumonnot, Laurent Simon
  • Patent number: 8742192
    Abstract: The conversion and run length for oligomerization of olefins over a molecular sieve catalyst in a tubular reactor is improved by controlling the peak temperature to not exceed 50 degrees C. above the temperature of the temperature control fluid exiting the shell side outlet of the reactor. A tubular reactor containing molecular sieve catalyst is provided with a multipoint thermocouple in at least one tube, and optionally with a bottom design adapted for fast unloading of the molecular sieve catalyst from the tubular reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: John S. Godsmark, Raphael F. Caers, Jihad M. Dakka, Hans K. T. Goris, Marc P. H. Puttemans, Stephen H. Brown, Georges M. K. Mathys, Paul Hamilton
  • Publication number: 20140135552
    Abstract: Disclosed is that by oligomerizing C4 olefins over a uni-dimensional 10-ring pore structured zeolite catalyst, at least 70 wt % oligomers having at least 9 carbons can be produced in a single pass.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2013
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Christopher P. Nicholas, Steven L. Krupa, Kurt M. Vanden Bussche, Todd M. Kruse
  • Patent number: 8716542
    Abstract: In a process for oligomerizing an olefinic hydrocarbon feedstock comprising at least 65 wt % olefins and/or sulfur-containing molecules, the feedstock is contacted under oligomerization conditions with (a) a first unidimensional 10-ring molecular sieve catalyst and (b) a second multidimensional crystalline molecular sieve catalyst. The first and second catalysts may be contained in separate reactors or as separate beds in a single reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Harold Brown, John Stephen Godsmark, Georges Marie Karel Mathys
  • Patent number: 8691713
    Abstract: Treatment at elevated temperature and advantageously superatmospheric pressure with an inert gas, especially nitrogen, rejuvenates molecular sieve catalysts deactivated by use in liquid-phase or supercritical or dense-phase olefin oligomerization, or by use in aromatic alkylation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Jihad M. Dakka, Hans K. T. Goris, Stephen H. Brown
  • Patent number: 8674159
    Abstract: A process comprising: contacting a blend of hydrocarbons under hydroconversion conditions in a hydroconversion zone with a mixture of an acidic ionic liquid catalyst and at least one alkyl halide comprising at least 55 wt % halide and having a boiling point of 70° C. or higher. An alkylation process comprising: contacting a blend of hydrocarbons under alkylation conditions with a mixture of an acidic ionic liquid catalyst that is a chloroaluminate and at least one alkyl halide comprising 1,1,1-trichloroethane, tetrachloroethylene, or a mixture thereof; wherein greater than 99.9 wt % of an at least one olefin in the blend of hydrocarbons is alkylated. Also, a hydroconversion process comprising drying the alkyl halide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Sven Ivar Hommeltoft
  • Patent number: 8669407
    Abstract: Described is an apparatus for, and a method of, recovering linear butenes from a mixed feed comprising providing a first mixed feed comprising linear butenes and isobutene; contacting the first mixed feed with an oligomerization catalyst such as an MWW family zeolite in a first oligomerization reactor to produce a second mixed feed comprising the linear butenes, C8 olefins and higher oligomers, and a reduced amount of isobutene relative to the first mixed feed; and separating the second mixed feed to produce a first effluent of first purified linear butenes, and a second effluent of C8 olefins and higher oligomers. The oligomerization reactor may be a converted isobutene-to-methyl-t-butylether reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Katherine Sullivan Phillion, Garland B. Brignac, Michael C. Clark, Glenn J. Moloney, Donald J. Norris, Benjamin S. Umansky
  • Patent number: 8598397
    Abstract: Described is a process for the treatment of at least one zeolite having a pore size of less than or equal to 7 ? comprising at least a) a step for dealumination of said zeolite, b) a cationic exchange step using at least one cation other than H+, c) a step for treatment of said zeolite obtained in step b) in the presence of at least one molecular compound containing at least one silicon atom, and d) at least one heat treatment step. The present invention also concerns the preparation of a catalyst containing the zeolite treated in accordance with the treatment process the subject-matter of the invention and the use of said catalyst in a process for the oligomerization of an olefinic charge containing hydrocarbon molecules having from 2 to 12 carbon atoms per molecule.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Laurent Simon, Sylvie Lacombe
  • Patent number: 8552241
    Abstract: A method of converting ethanol to a diesel fuel base stock comprises: a reaction stage (a) of contacting the ethanol with an acid catalyst, amorphous or structured, predominantly mesoporous, for example at a temperature of 300° C. to 500° C., at a pressure of 2 to 10 MPa and at a WHSV of 0.2 to 4 h?1, producing a gas phase, an organic liquid phase and an aqueous liquid phase, and a stage (b) of separating said gas phase, said organic liquid phase and said aqueous liquid phase at a pressure close to the reaction pressure. The method can involve recycling at least part of the gas phase separated in stage (b) to stage (a), and hydrogenating at least part of the organic liquid phase separated in stage (b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Vincent Coupard, Sylvia Maury, Frédéric Capuano, Mohamed Bengrine
  • Publication number: 20130130952
    Abstract: A process for the oligomerization of C6-C24 alpha-olefins to give a polyolefin product comprising at least 50 mole % of alphaolefin trimers. The process involves contacting two or more C6-C24 alpha-olefins with a catalyst in a solvent at a temperature below 120° C. and under reaction conditions sufficient to produce the alphaolefin trimers. The polyolefin product has a viscosity (Kv100) from 2 to 8 cSt at 100° C., and a viscosity index (VI) from 100 to 160. The polyolefin product comprises at least two alphaolefin trimers, each having a different total carbon number. The process further involves hydrogenating the polyolefin product to form a lubricating oil base stock. The lubricating oil base stock can be used in formulating lubricating oils. The lubricating oils are advantageous as engine oils that can improve engine fuel efficiency.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Publication date: May 23, 2013
    Applicant: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Shuji Luo, Abhimanyu Onkar Patil
  • Patent number: 8440872
    Abstract: A process for preparing poly alpha olefins from a Fisher-Tropsch product. The process comprising the steps of contacting a C5-C18 fraction of an alpha-olefinic hydrocarbon mixture produced from thermal cracking a C16-C40 Fisher-Tropsch product with an oligomerization catalyst under conditions to produce an oligomerized product; and fractionating the oligomerized product to obtain a fractionated product having an average carbon number greater than 30. A process for preparing lubricant base stocks from a Fisher-Tropsch product is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Exxonmobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: John S. Buchanan, Margaret M. Wu, Lorenzo DeCaul
  • Patent number: 8318003
    Abstract: The invention provides a low aromatic producing process for catalytical conversion of Fisher-Tropsch derived olefins to distillates (COD), which process includes the step of contacting Fisher-Tropsch derived olefins with a zeolite type catalyst at pressures of more than 50 barg.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: The Petroleum Oil and Gas Corporation of South Africa (Pty) Ltd.
    Inventors: Cyril David Knottenbelt, Carl Dunlop, Kholekile Zono, Maxwell Thomas
  • Patent number: 8309780
    Abstract: Provided is a process for oligomerizing n-olefins. The process has the step of reacting (oligomerizing) an amount of one or more n-olefins in the presence of a catalytically effective amount of a two or more metal oxides at a temperature effective to effect oligomerization. The two or more metal oxides are represented by the formula MOn/M?On?. M and M?, are, independently, selected from the group consisting of Al, Ce, Fe, P, W, Zr, and combinations thereof. M and M? are different metals or combinations of metals. “n” and “n?” are positive numbers and vary stoichiometrically depending on the valency of M and M?, respectively. Provided is also a process for alkylation of an alkylatable aromatic compound. The process has the step of contacting an amount of one or more n-olefins with an amount of aromatic compound in the presence of a catalytically effective amount of the two or more metal oxides at a temperature effective to effect alkylation of the aromatic compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2012
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Jihad Mohammed Dakka, Jeffrey T. Elks, James C. Vartuli
  • Patent number: 8299312
    Abstract: A process for dimerizing olefins in the presence of a catalyst, a hydrocarbon feedstock containing C4 to C6 isoolefins is subjected to dimerization. The process comprises the steps of contacting the C4 to C6 isoolefins at conditions conducive to dimerization with a catalytic material comprising an acidic mesoporous molecular sieve, the catalytic material being thermally stable at a temperature of at least 900° C., and carrying out the contacting step essentially in the absence of butadiene and water in the feedstock. By means of the invention, the dimerization process can be operated over extended periods of time with prolonged maintenance intervals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Neste Oil Oyj
    Inventors: Niilo Oikarinen, Kari I. Keskinen, Antti Pyhälahti, Veli-Matti Purola
  • Patent number: 8222471
    Abstract: We provide a process, comprising oligomerizing one or more olefins having a boiling point less than 82° C. in a presence of an ionic liquid catalyst and one or more C5+ alpha olefins in a reactor to produce a base oil having a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of 36 mm2/s or higher and a VI greater than 55; and wherein the one or more olefins having the boiling point less than 82° C. comprise greater than 50 wt % of a total mixture of olefins fed to the reactor. We provide a process, comprising oligomerizing olefins having a low boiling point in a presence of an ionic liquid catalyst and a mixture of C5+ alpha olefins derived from waste plastic to produce a base oil having a kinematic viscosity at 40° C. greater than 1100 mm2/s and a VI greater than 55. We also provide a base oil made by the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Saleh Elomari, Stephen J. Miller, Sven Ivar Hommeltoft, Hye-Kyung C. Timken
  • Publication number: 20120178981
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for producing a hydrocarbon fraction rich in components boiling in the range typical for diesel fuel comprising contacting a feedstock comprising one or more C2 to C10 alkenes with a modified zeolite catalyst having a one-dimensional micropore structure consisting of channels made from rings containing between 8 and 12 silicon/aluminium atoms at a temperature in the range 100 to 500° C. and pressure in the range 0.1 to 200 bar characterised in that the modified zeolite catalyst is one which has been prepared by treating a corresponding zeolite precursor with an alkaline solution. The alkaline solution used to treat the zeolite precursor can be for example aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. Relative to equivalent untreated zeolites the modified zeolite catalysts described show improved catalyst life and selectivity to hydrocarbons boiling in the range 250 to 350° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2010
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Applicants: BP CORPORATION NORTH AMERICA INC, BP OIL INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
    Inventors: Avelino Corma, Cristina Martinez, Eric J. Doskocil, George Yaluris
  • Publication number: 20120142989
    Abstract: The oligomerization of ethylene using a chromium catalyst having a heteroatomic ligand may be used to provide oligomerization products that are selective towards hexene and/or octene. However, such processes also typically produce some polymer as an undesirable by product. The present invention is directed towards improvements in the selective oligomerization of ethylene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2011
    Publication date: June 7, 2012
    Inventors: Isam Jaber, Ian Ronald Jobe, P. Scott Chisholm, Andrzej Krzywicki, Charles Ashton Garret Carter, Vernon Lindsay Strom, Kamal l Elias Serhal, Eric Clavelle, Stephen John Brown, Yves Lacombe, Anita Sylvia Magis, Mackenzie Alexander Harris, Russell Kirk Archer, Keith Wayne Besenski, Michel Berghmans, Oleksiy Golovchenko, Dale Alexander Sieben
  • Patent number: 8178740
    Abstract: A process for the use in the oligomerization of olefins is presented. The process produces a gasoline boiling range product having a high research octane number and almost no aromatics content. The process utilizes a solid catalyst comprising a zeolite that is treated with a phosphorous containing reagent to generate a catalyst having phosphorous content between 0.5 and 15 wt %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Christopher P. Nicholas, Laszlo T. Nemeth, Deng-Yang Jan
  • Publication number: 20120065448
    Abstract: We provide a process for making a base oil, comprising: mixing one or more longer chain alpha olefins comprising C6+ olefins with an olefin feed comprising propylene to make a mixed olefin feed; and oligomerizing the mixed olefin feed using an acidic chloroaluminate ionic liquid catalyst to form an oligomer; wherein the oligomer is a base oil that has: i. a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. greater than 10 mm2/s; ii. a viscosity index from 50 to 90; iii. a pour point less than ?19° C.; and iv. a cloud point less than ?50° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2011
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Applicant: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Saleh Elomari, Stephen Joseph Miller
  • Patent number: 8124820
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for producing polyolefins wherein a feedstock comprising n-olefin or a mixture of n-olefins is dimerized in the presence of a solid acidic catalyst by passing the feedstock to a catalytic distillation apparatus comprising either a) a combination of a distillation column and a reactor comprising at least one catalyst bed, or b) a distillation column connected to one or more side reactors comprising at least one catalyst layer, recovering the unreacted n-olefin from the distillation column or the combination of the distillation column and the reactor at the upper part thereof as a side-stream to be combined with the feedstock, and the reaction product from the dimerization is hydrogenated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Assignee: Neste Oil Oyj
    Inventors: Marja Tiitta, Anna-Mari Illikainen, Kari Kulmala, Vesa-Matti Lehtinen, Fredrik Nissfolk
  • Patent number: 7989668
    Abstract: Nitrogen-containing Lewis bases act as poisons for molecular sieve catalysts used in oligomerisation reactions. A lowering of their presence in the feed prior to the contacting thereof with the molecular sieve brings a significant extension of catalyst life. Excessive elimination of these poisons may be disadvantageous. Lowering the levels of these catalyst poisons to more manageable concentrations is therefore preferred.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: John Stephen Godsmark, Georges Marie Karel Mathys, Hubertus Joseph Beckers, Charles Morris Yarbrough, Stephen Harold Brown, Yeo-Meng Lim
  • Patent number: 7989670
    Abstract: This invention relates to processes to produce liquid poly-alpha-olefins (PAOs) having a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of more than 20 cSt in the presence of a metallocene catalyst with a non-coordinating anion activator and hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Margaret May-Som Wu, Catalina L. Coker, John F. Walzer, Jr., Peijun Jiang, Steven P. Rucker
  • Publication number: 20110160502
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to a liquid syndiotactic polyalphaolefin, sPAO, comprising one or more C4 to C24 monomers, said sPAO having: a) an rr triad content of 5 to 50% as measured by 13C NMR; b) an mr triad content of 25 to 60% as measured by 13C NMR, where the mr to mm triad ratio is at least 1.0; c) a pour point of Z ° C. or less, where Z=0.0648X-51.2, where X=kinematic viscosity at 100° C. as reported in centistokes (cSt); d) a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of 100 cSt or more (alternatively 200 cSt or more); e) a ratio of mr triads to rr triad (as determined by 13C NMR) of less than 9; f) a ratio of vinylidene to 1,2-disubstituted olefins (as determined by 1H NMR) of less than 8; g) a viscosity index of 120 or more; and h) an Mn of 40,000 or less. This disclosure further relates to processes to make and use sPAOs, including those having any combination of characteristics a) to h).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2010
    Publication date: June 30, 2011
    Inventors: Margaret M. Wu, Steven P. Rucker, Jo Ann M. Canich
  • Publication number: 20110137091
    Abstract: In oligomerizing alpha-olefins to produce poly alpha-olefins, the feedstock consists of nonene, or a blend of alpha-olefins comprising nonene. The nonene comprising alpha-olefin feedstock and at least one catalyst are subjected to oligomerization or polymerization conditions in a reactor. Following reaction, the mixture may be subjected to distillations to removed unreacted alpha-olefins and dimers of the alpha-olefins. The resulting product may also be hydrogenated. The final product may also be fractioned to recover at least two fractions of poly alpha-olefins of differing nominal viscosities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2010
    Publication date: June 9, 2011
    Inventors: Norman Yang, Phillip T. Matsunaga, Maria C.B. Goze
  • Patent number: 7956227
    Abstract: Methods of oligomerizing hydrocarbons are disclosed. These methods include contacting olefins with an oligomerization catalyst in an oligomerization zone under oligomerization reaction conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: ConocoPhillips Company
    Inventors: Bruce B. Randolph, Jason J. Gislason, M. Bruce Welch, Richard L. Anderson, Dhananjay B. Ghonasgi, Robert W. Morton, Roland Schmidt
  • Publication number: 20110034748
    Abstract: We provide a process, comprising: a. oligomerizing propylene in ionic liquid; b. optionally alkylating the oligomer; to make a base oil having: i. a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of 2.9 mm2/s or greater, ii. a viscosity index from 25 to 90, and iii. a low cloud point. We provide a process, comprising: oligomerizing a feed comprising propylene and propane to make a base oil having: i. from 45 to 70 wt % hydrocarbons boiling at 900° F. or higher, ii. a viscosity index from 25 to 90, and iii. a low cloud point. We provide a process, comprising: a. mixing longer chain alpha olefins with propylene; b. oligomerizing the feed, to make a base oil having: i. a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. greater than 10 mm2/s; ii. a viscosity index from 50 to 90; iii. a low pour point; and iv. a low cloud point.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 10, 2009
    Publication date: February 10, 2011
    Inventors: Saleh Elomari, Stephen J. Miller
  • Patent number: 7880046
    Abstract: Water reacts on molecular sieve catalysts used in oligomerization reactions and forms oxygenated compounds, in particular organic acids that may cause corrosion problems downstream of the reactor, in particular in distillation tower overhead systems and downstream thereof. A lowering of the presence of water in the feed prior to contacting thereof with the molecular sieve brings a significant reduction in corrosion downstream. At the same time, it has a significant beneficial effect on catalyst activity and brings a significant extension of catalyst life. Lowering water in the feed is particularly effective when organic nitrogen-containing Lewis bases are present in the feed, even at low levels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: John S. Godsmark, Georges M. K. Mathys, Hubertus J. Beckers, Raphael F. Caers, Roger Eijkhoudt, Stephen H. Brown
  • Patent number: 7759533
    Abstract: A substantially surface-deactivated catalyst composition that is stable at least to 300° C. The catalyst includes a zeolite catalyst (e.g., ZSM-22, ZSM-23, or ZSM-57) having active internal Brönsted acid sites and a surface-deactivating amount of a rare earth or yttrium oxide (e.g., chosen from lanthanum oxide or lanthanides oxide). This catalyst is preferably used in a process for producing a higher olefin by oligomerizing a light olefin, wherein the process includes contacting a light olefin under oligomerization conditions with the substantially surface-deactivated catalyst composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2010
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Jane C. Cheng, Sal Miseo, Stuart L. Soled, John S. Buchanan, Jennifer S. Feeley
  • Patent number: 7737315
    Abstract: The invention relates to the use of isobutene-containing olefin feedstock in oligomerization reactions, particularly in the production of octenes as feedstock for the manufacture of plasticizer alcohols, the process comprising contacting a feed comprising isobutene with a molecular sieve at a temperature in excess of 240° C. to produce a product low in triple-branched octenes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Harold Brown, Georges Marie Mathys
  • Patent number: 7696397
    Abstract: An improved catalytic composition for oligomerization, in particular dimerization, of monoolefins comprises the product resulting from bringing the following three constituents into contact in any order: a) at least one divalent nickel compound; b) at least one hydrocarbylaluminium dihalide, optionally enriched with an aluminum trihalide; and c) at least one organic Bronsted acid; the catalytic composition being pre-conditioned in a solvent before using it for oligomerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2010
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Dominique Commereuc, Alain Forestiere, François Hugues, Hélène Olivier
  • Patent number: 7687672
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an in-line method for generating comonomer, such as 1-hexene or 1-octene, from monomer, such as ethylene. The comonomer generated is directly transported, without isolation or storage, to a polyethylene polymerization reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: John S. Buchanan, Timothy D. Shaffer
  • Patent number: 7615673
    Abstract: A process for the oligomerization of propylene is disclosed wherein MCM-22 zeolite prepared as a distillation structure is used in a reaction distillation zone under conditions of temperature and pressure to concurrently react the propylene to produce oligomers thereof and separate the oligomer products from unreacted propylene by fractional distillation in a distillation column reactor. Compared to the prior art tubular or plug flow reactors, lower temperatures and pressures are used to produce higher conversions and selectivities to preferred isomeric forms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2009
    Assignees: Catalytic Distillation Technologies, ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Mitchell E. Loescher, Christopher C. Boyer, Michael J. Keenan, Jon E. R. Stanat
  • Patent number: 7601255
    Abstract: A process for reducing the level of residual catalyst comprising one or more alkylhalide, alkoxyhalide, metal halide, metal oxyhalide, alkyl metal, alkoxy metal, boron compound and coordinated metal compound wherein the metal is a Group III, Group IV, Group V, Group VI and/or Group VIII metal, from a crude organic product (e.g., polyolefins, alkylated aromatic compounds, alkylated amines, etc.) comprising the residual catalyst is provided, the process comprising contacting the crude organic product with a solid adsorbent in an adsorbent system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2009
    Assignee: Chemtura Corporation
    Inventors: Vilan Kosover, Jesus R. Fabian, Daniel C. Knowles, Mitchel Cohn
  • Publication number: 20090216057
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for preparing linear alpha-olefins by oligomerizing of ethylene in the presence of an organic solvent and a homogenous catalyst, characterized in that the method is carried out in a reactor being fed with a gaseous feed comprising a minor amount of ethylene and a major amount of an inert gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 13, 2006
    Publication date: August 27, 2009
    Applicants: SAUDI BASIC INDUSTRIES CORPORATION, LINDE AG
    Inventors: Peter Fritz, Heinz Bölt, Karl-Heinz Hoffman, Markus Köhler, Hans-Jörg Zander, Fuad Mosa, Talal Ali
  • Patent number: 7572946
    Abstract: An olefin oligomerization process employs a particular silica-alumina catalyst which comprises a non zeolitic support based on silica-alumina containing a quantity of more than 5% by weight and 95% by weight or less of silica (SiO2) and has the following characteristics: a mean pore diameter, measured by mercury porosimetry, in the range 20 to 140 ?; a total pore volume, measured by mercury porosimetry, in the range 0.1 ml/g to 0.6 ml/g; a total pore volume, measured by nitrogen porosimetry, in the range 0.1 ml/g to 0.6 ml/g; a BET specific surface area in the range 100 to 550 m2/g; a pore volume, measured by mercury porosimetry, included in pores with a diameter of more than 140 ?, of less than 0.1 ml/g; a pore volume, measured by mercury porosimetry, included in pores with a diameter of more than 160 ?, of less than 0.1 ml/g; a pore volume, measured by mercury porosimetry, included in pores with a diameter of more than 200 ?, of less than 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2009
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Sylvie Lacombe, Renaud Revel, Patrick Briot, Eric Llido, Patrick Euzen, Carole Bobin
  • Patent number: 7572947
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a method of selectively oligomerizing olefin monomers by controlling feedstock composition and reaction conditions. Reaction conditions are chosen to include at least one of: (a) dimer recycle; (b) staged injection of monomer; and (c) utilization of a two catalyst system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2009
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Harold Brown, Georges Marie Karel Mathys, Paul Hamilton
  • Patent number: 7550640
    Abstract: This invention relates to the use of 1-decene/1-dodecene olefin mixture to produce high viscosity polyalphaolefins (PAOs) having a viscosity of from about 40 cSt to about 100 cSt at 100° C. (ASTM D-445) and a number average molecular weight of between about 1200 to about 4000, particularly useful as lubricant base stocks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2009
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Phil Surana, Norman Yang, Pramod J. Nandapurkar
  • Publication number: 20090156874
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of oligomeric poly alpha-olefins comprises oligomerizing low molecular weight PAO in the presence of an ionic liquid catalyst under oligomerization conditions. The low molecular weight PAOs used as a feed or feed component of the present process are the light olefinic by-product fraction including the dimers and light fractions from the metallocene-catalyzed PAO oligomerization process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2008
    Publication date: June 18, 2009
    Inventors: Abhimanyu Onkar Patil, Satish Bodige
  • Patent number: 7547811
    Abstract: This invention relates to the use of olefin mixtures containing 1-hexene/1-decene/1-dodecene and, additionally, 1-octene or 1-decene to produce high viscosity polyalphaolefins (PAOs) having a viscosity of from about 40 cSt to about 100 cSt at 100° C. (ASTM D-445) and a number average molecular weight of between about 1200 to about 4000, particularly useful as lubricant base stocks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2009
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Anatoly Ilich Kramer, Phil Surana, Pramod Jayant Nandapurkar, Norman Yang
  • Patent number: 7507868
    Abstract: In a process for oligomerizing a C2 to C6 n-olefin feedstock over surface deactivated ZSM-23, the feedstock contains from about 0.1 wt % to about 25 wt % of an iso-olefin and the C12+ fraction of the oligomerized olefin product contains less than 0.5 atom % of quaternary carbon atoms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2009
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Carolyn B. Duncan, Raphael Frans Caers, David W. Turner, Michael J. Keenan, Ernest E. Green, Ramzi Y. Saleh