With P Containing Extraneous Agent Patents (Class 585/622)
  • Patent number: 10799856
    Abstract: The present specification provides a ferrite catalyst, a method for preparing the same and a method for preparing butadiene using the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2020
    Assignee: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Young Chang Byun, Ara Cho, Jeong Seok Lee, Mi Kyung Kim, Daehyeon Kim
  • Patent number: 9764317
    Abstract: The invention relates to a catalyst for preparation of butadiene by oxydehydrogenation of butene in a fluidized bed reactor, a method of preparing the same, and use of the same, wherein a method according to an embodiment of the invention comprises: reacting a metal precursor with an alkaline substance to obtain a slurry containing insoluble compound, followed by filtering and washing the slurry; adding a binder and deionized water, followed by agitation to regulate the solid content of the slurry to 10-50%; subjecting the slurry to spray drying granulation, wherein the temperature at the feed port is controlled between 200-400° C., and the temperature at the discharge port is controlled between 100-160° C., to obtain catalyst microspheres; and drying the catalyst microspheres at 80-200° C. for 1-24 h, and then calcining the catalyst microspheres at 500-900° C. for 4-24 h to obtain a catalyst having a general formula of FeXaYbZcOd, comprising Fe, Mg, Zn, Bi, Mo, Mn, Ni, Co, Ba, Ca, and other metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Assignee: SHANGHAI BI KE CLEAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Guo Rui, Yongsheng Gan, Simon Zhang, Yanning Luo
  • Patent number: 9731280
    Abstract: Disclosed are a ferrite catalyst and preparation methods thereof. The catalyst is provided with a formula below, wherein A is Mg atom, Zn atom or a mixture of both atoms at any ratio; D is one or more atoms selected from the group consisting of Ni, Co, W, Mn, Ca, Mo or V atom; Z is a catalyst carrier, which is one or more selected from the group consisting of calcium phosphate, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, aluminum phosphate, aluminum dihydrogen phosphate, ferric phosphate, magnesium phosphate, zinc phosphate, Mg—Al hydrotalcite, calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate; a=0.01-0.6; b=0-0.30; c is a number balancing each valence; x, y represent the amounts of principal catalyst and carrier Z respectively, wherein the weight ratio y/x=0.5:1-7:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignee: Shanghai HuaYi Acrylic Acid Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Desheng Xiong, Tonghao Wu, Ge Luo, Yan Zhuang, Jiangxue Ma, Xiaodong Chu, Jinghua Ji
  • Patent number: 9650316
    Abstract: Butadiene is formed by dehydrogenation of butenes which are mixed with steam and oxygen then converted to butadiene by oxidative dehydrogenation over a ferritic oxide catalyst, wherein the sensible heat in the oxidative dehydrogenation reaction product is utilized along with heat produced by thermal oxidation of low value volatile products formed to reduce energy requirements and CO2 emissions. Sensible heat is utilized at high temperature for purposes of superheating feed and at somewhat lower temperatures for purposes of vaporizing feed at sequential locations in the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: TPC GROUP LLC
    Inventors: Liana Caciula, Joseph G. Duff, Elizabeth Ballard, Sirisha Chada, Mark J. Potter
  • Patent number: 9199895
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for producing 1,3-butadiene through oxidative dehydrogenation of normal-butene using a parallel reactor in which catalysts are charged into fixed bed reactors and are not physically mixed. More specifically, disclosed is a method for efficiently producing 1,3-butadiene through oxidative dehydrogenation of normal-butene using the parallel reactor containing multi-component bismuth molybdate-based catalysts exhibiting different activities to oxidative dehydrogenation for normal-butene isomers (1-butene, trans-2-butene and cis-2-butene), and butene separated from a C4 mixture containing normal-butene and normal-butane, as a reactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignee: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Kyong-Yong Cha, Dong-Hyun Ko, Dae-Chul Kim, Hyun-Seok Nam, Dae-Heung Choi
  • Patent number: 8846996
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for the manufacture of an efficient and robust catalyst for the oxidative dehydrogenation of paraffins to olefins, preferably lower C2-4 paraffins. The present invention provides a process for the preparation of an oxidative dehydrogenation catalyst of C2-4 paraffins to olefins comprising comminuting: from 10 to 99 weight % of a mixed oxide catalyst of the formula VxMoyNbzTemMenOp, wherein Me is a metal selected from the group consisting of Ta, Ti, W, Hf, Zr, Sb and mixtures thereof; with from 90 to 1 weight % of an inert matrix selected from oxides of titanium, zirconia, aluminum, magnesium, yttria, lantana, silica and their mixed compositions or a carbon matrix to produce particles having a size from 1 to 100 microns and forming the resulting particles into pellets having a size from 0.1 to 2 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Nova Chemicals (International) S.A.
    Inventors: Leonid Modestovich Kustov, Aleksey Victorovich Kucherov, Elena Dmitrievna Finashina, Tatyana Nikolaevna Kucherova, Vera Ilynichna Isaeva, Andrzej Krzywicki, Haiyong Cai
  • Patent number: 6921831
    Abstract: Modified lead/bismuth/molybdate catalysts containing vanadium, copper, or gold have been prepared, and are selective to the corresponding furan compound from the gas phase oxidation of an unsaturated acyclic hydrocarbon such as butadiene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2005
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Kostantinos Kourtakis, Patrick Mills, Carl Z. Cao
  • Patent number: 5550308
    Abstract: The present invention provides a composition of matter having the formulaA.sub.x B.sub.1-x V.sub.y C.sub.1-y P.sub.3 O.sub.10-15wherein A is Nb or Ta, B is Sb, C is Ti or Sn, and 0.ltoreq.x,y.ltoreq.1, a composition of matter having the formulaM.sub.z A.sub.x B.sub.1-x V.sub.y C.sub.1-y P.sub.3 O.sub.10-15wherein M is selected from the group consisting of Cu, Ag, Na, K, and Cs, A is Nb or Ta, B is Sb, C is Ti or Sn, and 0.ltoreq.x,y,z .ltoreq.1, a composition of matter having the formulaM.sub.z A.sub.x B.sub.1-x V.sub.y C.sub.1-y P.sub.3-n Si.sub.n O.sub.10-15wherein M is selected from the group consisting of Cu, Ag, Bi, Na, K, Rb, and Cs, A is Nb or Ta, B is Sb or As, C is Ti, Zr, Sn, or Ge, and 0.ltoreq.x,z.ltoreq.1, 0<y.ltoreq.1, and 0.ltoreq.n.ltoreq.2, and conversion processes catalyzed by at least one of the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1996
    Inventors: Pradyot A. Agaskar, Robert K. Grasselli
  • Patent number: 4599477
    Abstract: Oxidative dehydrogenation catalysts suitable for converting C.sub.4 to C.sub.8 mono-olefins to conjugated dienes comprise vanadium, phosphorus, and alkali metal components, and preferably also a tin component, in combination with a microporous crystalline silica or a crystalline zeolite having a silica-to-alumina ratio of at least 6.0. In one embodiment, the catalyst has a surface area between 30 M.sup.2 /g to 450 M.sup.2 /g and the vanadium has an average valence in the range of from 3.50 to 4.95.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1985
    Date of Patent: July 8, 1986
    Assignee: Union Oil Company of California
    Inventors: Paul R. Robinson, Eric L. Moorehead
  • Patent number: 4567314
    Abstract: High surface area oxidative dehydrogenation catalysts which are suitable for converting C.sub.4 to C.sub.8 mono-olefins to diolefins are disclosed, comprising the oxides of an alkali metal, vanadium, phosphorus, and preferably tin in combination with a crystalline silica having a surface area between 30 M.sup.2 /g to 450 M.sup.2 /g and wherein the vanadium has an average valence in the range of from 3.5 to 4.95.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1984
    Date of Patent: January 28, 1986
    Assignee: Union Oil Company of California
    Inventors: Paul R. Robinson, Eric L. Moorehead
  • Patent number: 4547615
    Abstract: A process for producing a conjugated diolefin, which comprises oxidatively dehydrogenating a monoolefin having at least 4 carbon atoms in the vapor phase with molecular oxygen to form the corresponding conjugated diolefin, said reaction being carried out in the presence of a catalyst having the general composition formulaMo.sub.a Bi.sub.b Cr.sub.c Ni.sub.d X.sub.e Fe.sub.f Y.sub.g Z.sub.h O.sub.iwherein X represents Zr or Al, Y represents at least one element selected from the group consisting of metal elements of Group Ia of the periodic table, metal elements of Group II of the periodic table, Tl and P, Z represents at least one element selected from the group consisting of In, Ag, Ti, Nb, Ta, Co, La, Ce, Nd and Mn, a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h and i are respectively the atomic numbers of Mo, Bi, Cr, Ni, X, Fe, Y, Z and O, and when a=12, b=0.05-20, c=0.05-20, d=0.1-30, e=0.01-20, f=0.01-20, g=0.001-20, h=0-20, and i is the atomic number of oxygen satisfying the atomic valences of the other elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1985
    Assignee: Nippon Zeon Co. Ltd.
    Inventor: Haruhisa Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 4423281
    Abstract: In a process for producing a conjugated diolefin which comprises oxidatively dehydrogenating a monolefin having at least 4 carbon atoms in the vapor phase with molecular oxygen to form the corresponding conjugated diolefin; the improvement wherein the oxidative dehydrogenation is carried out in the presence of a catalyst having the general composition formulaMo.sub.a Bi.sub.b Cr.sub.c Ni.sub.d X.sub.e Y.sub.f O.sub.gwherein X represents at least one element selected from Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Tl and P, Y represents at least one element selected from Al, Ga, Zr, Pb, Nb, Ta, Hf and Mn, and a, b, c, d, e, f and g respectively represent the number of Mo, Bi, Cr, Ni, X, Y and O atoms, and when a=12, b=0.05-20, c=0.05-20, d=0.1-30, e=0.01-10, f=0.01-20, and g is the number of oxygen atoms which satisfies the atomic valences of the other elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1981
    Date of Patent: December 27, 1983
    Assignee: Nippon Zeon Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Haruhisa Yamamoto, Nobuaki Yoneyama
  • Patent number: 4413155
    Abstract: Oxide complex catalysts comprising Fe-Sb-Bi-O.sub.x promoted with a wide variety of different elements have been found to be especially useful in the ammoxidation of olefins to nitriles such as acrylonitrile and methacrylonitrile. Not only are the desired nitriles obtained with high yields when these catalysts are used, but also the production of unwanted liquid byproducts such as acrolein, acrylic acid and acetonitrile is significantly reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1981
    Date of Patent: November 1, 1983
    Assignee: The Standard Oil Co.
    Inventors: Dev D. Suresh, Robert K. Grasselli, David A. Orndoff
  • Patent number: 4336409
    Abstract: In a process for producing a conjugated diolefin which comprises oxidatively dehydrogenating a monolefin having at least 4 carbon atoms in the vapor phase with molecular oxygen to form the corresponding conjugated diolefin; the improvement wherein the oxidative dehydrogenation is carried out in the presence of a catalyst having the general composition formulaMo.sub.a Bi.sub.b Cr.sub.c Ni.sub.d X.sub.e Y.sub.f O.sub.gwherein X represents at least one element selected from Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Tl and P, Y represents at least one element selected from metal elements of Group II of the periodic table, and a, b, c, d, e, f and g respectively represent the number of Mo, Bi, Cr, Ni, X, Y and O atoms, and when a=12, b=0.05-20, c=0.05-20, d=0.1-30, e=0.01-10, f=0.01-20, and g is the number of oxygen atoms which satisfies the atomic valences of the other elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1981
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1982
    Assignee: Nippon Zeon Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Haruhisa Yamamoto, Shinji Matumoto
  • Patent number: 4167532
    Abstract: Hydrocarbon feedstocks are dehydrogenated to compounds having the same number of carbon atoms and a higher degree of unsaturation by contacting the feedstock in the vapor phase in the presence of molecular oxygen with a catalyst consisting essentially of nickel, lead, phosphorus and combined oxygen, and optionally, an alkali metal. Representative of such conversions is the oxidative dehydrogenation of butane to butenes and butadiene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1975
    Date of Patent: September 11, 1979
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Co.
    Inventors: Darrel W. Walker, Robert J. Hogan, Floyd Farha, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4164519
    Abstract: Organic compounds, particularly hydrocarbons, are oxidatively dehydrogenated to more unsaturated compounds by contact, under reaction conditions, with air, steam and a calcined solid catalyst composition comprising titanium, at least one component selected from the group consisting of tungsten or molybdenum, and at least one component selected from the group consisting of phosphorus, bismuth, lead, antimony or arsenic. Representative of such oxidative dehydrogenation processes is the conversion of butane to butenes and butadienes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1975
    Date of Patent: August 14, 1979
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventor: Brent J. Bertus
  • Patent number: RE32484
    Abstract: A vapor phase catalytic oxydehydrogenation process for the conversion of a steam of mixed isomeric isoamylenes, methyl butanols or mixtures thereof to isoprene with relatively short contact times at a reactor temperature in the range of 500.degree. F. to 1100.degree. F. at from 0.5 to about 10 atmospheres pressure. The catalysts comprise an alkali metal as an essential catalytic ingredient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 1983
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1987
    Assignee: The Standard Oil Company
    Inventors: Robert K. Grasselli, Harley F. Hardman