Monitoring Fertility Cycle Patents (Class 600/551)
  • Patent number: 6196975
    Abstract: There is provided a moveable cart for use in transporting a male hog past one or more rows of cages containing sows to permit the determination of estrus in the sows and also to increase the success rate during artificial insemination by permitting snout to snout contact between the sow and male hog, the cart having a base with wheels mounted thereon, at least one wall extending upwardly from the base, and at least one panel for blocking visual access in at least one direction between the interior and exterior of the cart and at least one opening in the wall sized to permit the snout of the male hog to at least partially extend therethrough.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2001
    Inventors: Robert Labrecque, Germain Labrecque
  • Patent number: 6174290
    Abstract: An ovulation period detecting apparatus for mammals is provided comprising: a bar-shaped detecting unit to be inserted in the vagina of a mammal; electrodes arranged on the bar-shaped detecting unit so as to be in contact with the vaginal mucous membrane when the bar-shaped detecting unit is inserted in the vagina of the mammal; pressure detecting means for detecting a pressure at which the electrodes are pressed against the vagina of the mammal; impedance detecting means for applying a voltage across the electrodes and detecting the value of impedance between the electrodes when the pressure detecting means detect a pressure equal to or greater than a prescribed pressure over a prescribed time; and data outputting means for outputting the value of the impedance detected by the impedance detecting means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2001
    Assignee: Leader Technics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yukisato Cho
  • Patent number: 6159159
    Abstract: A quantitative process for monitoring female fertility cycle wherein the process involves directing a laser beam, preferably generated by a diode laser, onto an area of a slide containing an air-dried sample of a female body fluid. The diffraction pattern resulting from the sample is detected by a two-dimensional photo diode array and analyzed by a microprocessor. If a ferning pattern exists, such pattern will generate a characteristic structure in the diffraction pattern which is then detected by the photo diode array. If no ferning occurs, the corresponding diffraction pattern will be structureless. The microprocessor is programmed with an algorithm to produce a quantitative index of ferning indicating quantitatively the ferning level. Preferably, a plurality of spots on the sample are measured to determine the ferning level at each spot, and the microprocessor then makes a final determination as to final ferning level on the basis of the test results of all of the spots.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2000
    Assignee: SerOptix, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph M. Canter, Yongwu Yang, Wanglong Zhou, Victor S. Sapirstein, Melvin P. Ehrlich, James S. Harrison, Eugene Katsman, Omanand Koul, Michael Y. Lu, Michael A. Greenwald
  • Patent number: 6149591
    Abstract: Devices for detecting hydration of cervical mucus (which is indicative of the course of a female's reproductive cycle) include a detector having a light source, a photoreceptor and a light guide positioned so as to guide light from the light source to the photoreceptor. The light guide includes at least one active surface to be wetted by the cervical mucus. The detector may be planar or curvelinear and may be embedded within a distal sensing head or extend upright therefrom (e.g., so as to somewhat penetrate the external cervical os during use). Most preferably, the light guide is fabricated from a fluorocarbon polymer. For use in vivo, the device will preferably include a proximal handle which allows the user to manipulate the distal sensing head into close proximity to the external cervical os. The handle may include a source of electrical power (e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2000
    Assignee: Duke University
    Inventors: Marcus H. Henderson, David F. Katz
  • Patent number: 6149604
    Abstract: An instrument for measuring saliva viscoelasticity to determine a woman's fertile period comprised of a sheath, a cap, and an escapement. The includes a barrel with a pair of elongated slots, a piston within the barrel with protrusion that extend into and beyond the slots, and a sleeve over the barrel with a pair of spiral groove into which the protrusions fit. As the sleeve rotates about the barrel, the grooves spiral up or down, causing the piston to move axially within the barrel. A central cavity within the barrel includes a constricted throat near the top end. The escapement is a U-shaped strip of plastic that fits into the cavity and attaches at its cross portion to the piston. The ends of the escapement arms have mating surfaces that are roughened so that the saliva sample will fracture before it separates from the surfaces. As the escapement is pulled into the cavity, the throat operates to press the mating surfaces together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2000
    Inventor: Harold J. Kosasky
  • Patent number: 6146333
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a non-invasive method and device for detecting hormonal changes in humans by monitoring and detecting changes in psycho-acoustic sensitivity of humans. In particular, the onset of ovulation in a female, preceded by a sudden increase in the level of luteinizing hormone (LH) in the blood stream, is predicted by measuring various psycho-acoustic responses of the female in certain frequency ranges. The measured psycho-acoustic responses include monaural and binaural audio interpretation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2000
    Assignee: Fertility Acoustics Inc.
    Inventors: John C. McNeirney, John D. Borchers, III, William H. Burns, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6134466
    Abstract: Disclosed are systems and methods for detecting an onset of true labor in a pregnant mammal. In accordance with a method of this invention the following steps are executed: (a) detected electrical signals from a succession of muscular contractions associated with labor; (b) determining an average frequency of the electrical signals for each contraction; (c) determining a discriminant (.delta.) from the determined average frequency for each contraction so as to provide a set of discriminants, individual ones of the set of discriminants being associated with an individual one of the contractions; and (d) indicating a beginning of true labor when a slope of at least two discriminants of the set of discriminants exceeds a first threshold value and when a magnitude of a last determined discriminant exceeds a second threshold value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2000
    Assignee: Hygeia Biomedical Research Inc.
    Inventor: Ethan Rosenberg
  • Patent number: 6123676
    Abstract: An apparatus for use in measuring the properties of endogenous fluids during a medical examination. The apparatus includes a protective clothing article which is able to be used during the medical examination, as well as a diagnostic strip which is able to measure the pH of the endogenous fluid during the examination. In addition, the apparatus also includes a two-sided adhesive strip which is able to secure the diagnostic strip to a portion of the protective clothing article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2000
    Assignee: Selfcare International
    Inventor: Emmanuel Anapliotis
  • Patent number: 6110125
    Abstract: The present invention provides an indicating device for menstruation that is easy to utilize, fast and accurate in measuring temperatures. It comprises: a temperature measuring sensor to measure basal body temperatures of a user and output the measured values; a parameter-inputting means for inputting user-inputting parameters; a microprocessor for storing the basal body temperatures from the temperature measuring sensor, and storing the user-inputting parameters from the parameter-inputting means, then using a mathematical method to estimate the user's monthly gynecophysiological factors in accordance with the basal body temperatures and the user-inputting parameters; and a display means to display the user's monthly gynecophysiological factors estimated by the microprocessor. The indicating device for menstruation uses a mathematical method including weighting coefficients to estimate a user's monthly gynecophysiological factors more accurately.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2000
    Assignee: Opto Tech Corporation
    Inventors: Shuenn-Tsong Young, San-Bao Lin
  • Patent number: 6096047
    Abstract: The entrance to and walls of a woman's vaginal tract are normally in a constricted state. The fact that air cannot readily enter the vagina and circulate within is at the root of or complicates the treatment of many, common female diseases. For example, many of the disease organisms which attack the vagina are anaerobic which means they cannot thrive or survive in oxygen. Studies show that most die almost at once if exposed to air. Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to insert a highly porous, cylindrical device into the vagina in order to expand the vaginal opening and canal within. After air is allowed to freely enter the vaginal canal, anaerobic organisms are rapidly destroyed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2000
    Inventor: Julie Ann Smit
  • Patent number: 6093151
    Abstract: A maternal blood pressure measuring method including the steps of periodically initiating a maternal blood pressure measurement, sensing uterine activity, preventing the initiation or continuation of a blood pressure measurement during uterine contraction, initiating a blood pressure measurement upon the cessation of uterine contractions and a processor programmed to perform these functions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2000
    Assignee: GE Marquette Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: David J. Shine, Judith A. Adamowich
  • Patent number: 6045501
    Abstract: Novel methods for delivering a drug to a patient while preventing the exposure of a foetus or other contraindicated individual to the drug. Embodiments are provided in which the involved prescribers, pharmacies and patients are registered in one or more computer databases. Embodiments are also provided in which registered patients receive counseling information concerning the risks attendant to foetal exposure to the drug. Male patients and female patients who are not pregnant may, in certain circumstances, receive the drug.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2000
    Assignee: Celgene Corporation
    Inventors: Marc Elsayed, Bruce Williams
  • Patent number: 6022323
    Abstract: The present invention is a method and apparatus of determining a biorhythmic using a processor-based system. The apparatus comprises a housing and a control panel enclosed within the housing that has a plurality of function keys for entering information related to a biorhythmic cycle. The apparatus further comprises a memory that stores instruction sequences and a processor coupled to the memory, for executing the stored instruction sequences. The stored instruction sequences cause the processor to: to compute a period of a month corresponding to a biorhythmic cycle in progress and to compute a corresponding period for a predetermined number of following months. A display is coupled to the processor, the memory and the control panel. The display displays a calendar showing days in the period of the month, each day being marked to indicate the biorhythmic cycle in progress. The display is scrollable to display the corresponding period for the predetermined number of following months.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2000
    Inventor: Joseph N. Jackson
  • Patent number: 5928168
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for determining and displaying fetal development data during pregnancy which allows a user to instantly view the current status of fetal development based on user defined pregnancy reference data. Pregnancy reference data, including a pregnancy reference date such as the expected due date, is entered by the user and stored in a storage device. Thereafter, whenever the user requests the information concerning the fetus, the apparatus estimates the current status of fetal development using the pregnancy reference data and a look-up table containing various parameters. The apparatus then provides a convenient display of the current status of fetal development. The display may be in the form of current gestation measurements or expected current fetal measurements, such as the expected size and weight of the fetus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Inventor: Russell K. Laros, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5916173
    Abstract: A method for monitoring fertility status in a female mammal comprising the steps of placing in the vagina of the female a probe having opposed electrodes, orienting the probe so that at least one of the electrodes is touching the cervix of the female, measuring across the electrodes at least one physical parameter indicative of the phase of the female fertility cycle, and comparing the value of the parameter with a reference; a probe useful in practicing this method comprises an elongated body having an insertion end, two electrodes attached to said body at the insertion end, and orienting means for orienting the body so that at least one of the electrodes touches the cervix of the female.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 29, 1999
    Inventor: Vaclav Kirsner
  • Patent number: 5914271
    Abstract: The fertile period in a female can be detected by monitoring the calcium and magnesium concentrations in unstimulated saliva. In the three to five day period immediately prior to ovulation, the calcium and magnesium concentrations of saliva drop. This concentration monitoring can be done by any conventional means for quantitatively assaying calcium or magnesium, such as by flow through tests, test strips, cards, charts, probes, meters, and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1999
    Assignee: ActiMed Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventors: Wai Tak Law, Robert Harper
  • Patent number: 5881673
    Abstract: A system for monitoring the time and number of times each cow in a herd is mounted for purposes of determining the most successful time to artificially inseminate cows. The system employs a single hand held receiving unit for remotely communicating with multiple individual recording units secured to the backs of the cattle. The receiving unit can remotely and selectively reset counters contained within the recording units and can remotely and selectively poll the recording units to obtain data on mounting activity for each cow. The data can be viewed on a display provided on the receiving unit or can be downloaded to a computer via a computer port provided on the receiving unit. The recording unit employs a unique switch for sensing mounting activity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1999
    Inventors: Mark Beach, Scot Tomlinson
  • Patent number: 5851190
    Abstract: An instrument for measuring saliva viscoelasticity to determine a woman's fertile period comprised of a sheath, a cap, and an escapement. The instrument includes a barrel with a pair of elongated slots, a piston within the barrel with protrusion that extend into and beyond the slots, and a sleeve over the barrel with a pair of spiral groove into which the protrusions fit. As the sleeve rotates about the barrel, the grooves spiral up or down, causing the piston to move axially within the barrel. A central cavity within the barrel includes a constricted throat near the top end. The escapement is a U-shaped strip of plastic that fits into the cavity and attaches at its cross portion to the piston. The ends of the escapement arms have mating surfaces that are roughened so that the saliva sample will fracture before it separates from the surfaces. As the escapement is pulled into the cavity, the throat operates to press the mating surfaces together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 22, 1998
    Inventor: Harold J. Kosasky
  • Patent number: 5839390
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for indicating when a female stock animal has been ridden or mounted by another stock animal comprises providing indicator means which is mounted on a female animal to be monitored. The apparatus is directly engaged by the other stock animal during riding or mounting and pressure applied to a smoothly curved actuator causes release of a signalling element to provide a visually observable signal. The device is re-setable by simple manual intervention and can be transferred to another animal after use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1998
    Assignee: Janssen Pharmaceutica, N.V.
    Inventor: Barbara Helen Meads
  • Patent number: 5836890
    Abstract: The present invention is a method and apparatus of predicting fertility using a processor-based system. The apparatus comprises a housing and a control panel enclosed within the housing that has a plurality of function keys for entering information related to a fertility cycle. The apparatus further comprises a memory that stores instruction sequences and a processor coupled to the memory, for executing the stored instruction sequences.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1998
    Assignee: Joseph N. Jackson
    Inventor: Joseph N. Jackson
  • Patent number: 5788649
    Abstract: A pair of components for an instrument for determining the female fertile period by measuring the viscoelasticity of saliva that includes a pair of strata composed of a rigid material, preferably glass or a polymer, and a surface on each strata, where the surface has a random distribution of peaks and valleys, the average depth from the peaks to the valleys is in the range of from about 10 picometers to about 100 micrometers, and the total area of the valley walls below one half of the average depth is from 35% to 65% of the total area of the surface. Preferably, the average depth of the valleys is in the range of 50 micrometers to 80 micrometers and the total area of the valleys below one half of the average depth is between 45% and 55% of the total area of the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 4, 1998
    Inventor: Harold J. Kosasky
  • Patent number: 5785664
    Abstract: Disclosed are systems and methods for detecting an onset of true labor in a pregnant mammal. In accordance with a method of this invention the following steps are executed: (a) detected electrical signals from a succession of muscular contractions associated with labor; (b) determining a spectral content of the electrical signals for each contraction; (c) determining a discriminant (.delta.) from the determined spectral content for each contraction so as to provide a set of discriminants, individual ones of the set of discriminants being associated with an individual one of the contractions; and (d) indicating a beginning of true labor when a slope of at least two discriminants of the set of discriminants exceeds a first threshold value and when a magnitude of a last determined discriminant exceeds a second threshold value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 28, 1998
    Assignee: Hygeia Biomedical Research Inc.
    Inventor: Ethan Rosenberg