Detecting Sound Generated Within Body Patents (Class 600/586)
  • Patent number: 11026613
    Abstract: Systems, devices, methods for providing a speech pattern as a metric of well-being system for remotely monitoring the well-being of a patient are disclosed. In one exemplary embodiment, a system can include at least one wearable device that is configured to collect body sensor data and speech pattern data associated with a patient wearing the device and analyze the data to determine if the patient's emotional well-being is compromised. In some exemplary embodiments, the wearable device can be configured to send an alert to at least one caregiver device that indicates the patient's emotional well-being is compromised. The wearable device can also be configured to send recommendations on courses of action to alleviate the condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2021
    Inventors: John E. Cronin, Steven M. Philbin, Eric R. Wade
  • Patent number: 11023069
    Abstract: A pressure sensor that includes a piezoelectric film having a flat part and a curved part and having opposed first and second main surfaces, a first electrode on the first main surface of the piezoelectric film, and a second electrode on the second main surfaces of the piezoelectric film. When the flat part of the piezoelectric film receives a pressing operation a first output is generated, and when the curved part of the piezoelectric film receives a pressing operation a second output different from the first output is generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2021
    Inventors: Hidekazu Kano, Hiroaki Kitada, Shiori Nagamori
  • Patent number: 11000223
    Abstract: According to various embodiments, there is provided a method for detecting a sleep disorder, the method including: processing an audio signal, the audio signal including breathing sounds made by a subject when the subject is asleep; identifying intervals of the audio signal where breathing sounds are absent; and detecting the sleep disorder based on the identified intervals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: Nanyang Technological University
    Inventors: Wee Ser, Jianmin Zhang, Jufeng Yu
  • Patent number: 11000647
    Abstract: A controller and associated sensor system for augmenting the automatic delivery of drugs is provided. The controller and associated sensor system is based on the detection and determination of particular physical lifestyle events. As a specific example, a pump augmentation system includes a six-axis accelerometer sensor, a gyroscopic pitch sensor and a controller. The controller is configured to receive motion data from the six-axis accelerometer sensor and orientation data from the gyroscopic pitch sensor. The controller provides a pump instruction signal for changing a delivery rate of a drug to a user based on the motion data and the orientation data. When the pump is an insulin pump, the pump augmentation system is an insulin pump augmentation system and provides accurate insulin control for controlling blood glucose levels of a user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Inventor: Arnold Chase
  • Patent number: 10952674
    Abstract: Various examples of methods, systems, and apparatus are provided for monitoring using an improved mouth guard apparatus. In one example, a battery-free diagnostic mouth guard includes a biting force-voltage transducer comprising a piezoelectric film; a compact resonance tank comprising a wireless sensor; and a transmitting antenna for transmitting sensing data. A piezo-voltage from the biting force-voltage transducer can bias a varactor diode loaded on the wireless sensor whose response frequency is tuned due to a capacitance change of the varactor diode. In some implementations, an external processing equipment can wirelessly detect a frequency shift of the varactor diode integrated resonator. In another example, a method includes detecting a biting force via a biting force-voltage transducer; biasing a varactor diode with a voltage from the transducer; tuning a response frequency of a split ring resonator using a capacitance change of the varactor diode; and emitting sensing data at the response frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: University of Florida Research Foundation, Incorporated
    Inventors: Yong Kyu Yoon, Xiaoyu Cheng, Gloria Jung A. Kim
  • Patent number: 10869629
    Abstract: A method of classifying a swallow of a subject includes obtaining vibration data that is based on and indicative of a number of vibrations resulting from the swallow, and using a computer implemented deep learning classifier to classify the swallow based on the vibration data. Also, a system for classifying a swallow of a subject includes a computing device implementing a deep learning classifier. The computing device includes a processor apparatus structured and configured to receive vibration data that is based on and indicative of a number of vibrations resulting from the swallow, and use the deep learning classifier to classify the swallow based on the vibration data. The deep learning classifier may comprise a single layer or a multi-layer Deep Belief network.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2020
    Assignee: University of Pittsburgh-Of die Commonwealth System of Higher Education
    Inventors: Ervin Sejdic, Amro El-Jaroudi, James Coyle, Joshua Dudik, Mingui Sun, Zhi-Hong Mao
  • Patent number: 10828009
    Abstract: A method of monitoring body sounds using a sensor including an array of microphones, the method includes acquiring a first sound produced by certain physiology using the array of microphones of the sensor, identifying a source of the first sound, performing an automatic auscultation of the source using the first sound, wherein the automatic auscultation including matching the first sound to an acoustic model stored in a memory, wherein the acoustic model corresponds to a physiology, generating an image representing the physiology using an image library, and determining a health condition using the physiology and the image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Alecio Pedro Delazari Binotto
  • Patent number: 10806375
    Abstract: Wearable devices and methods of using the same for inputting ambient conditions and the movement and bio-signals of a user to an external device are provided. The wearable device can include a finger sensor and a wrist sensor, wherein each includes an accelerometer, a gyroscope, and a compass. The compass can be a magnetometer. The wrist sensor can also include a power source, a computer, and a touchscreen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: The Florida International University Board of Trustees
    Inventors: Francisco Raul Ortega, Naphtali David Rishe, Armando Bennett Barreto
  • Patent number: 10799170
    Abstract: An apparatus to measure isometric muscle strength has a table section having a top surface adapted to allow a person to sit thereon. An upright frame section is movably attached to the table section and spans the top surface and includes an open area sized to allow the person's legs and thighs to extend therethrough when the person is seated on the top surface. A cradle is attached to the frame section and holds a force-measuring device that is acted upon by the person's body segment when the person is seated on the top surface. Movement-impeding devices allow or prevent movement of the frame section. Belts and/or straps are attached to the table section and adapted to be secured to various parts of the person's body to stabilize the person on the top surface and to isolate muscle groups that are to be tested for isometric muscle strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2020
    Assignee: U.S. Government as Represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Jessica B. Schindler, Stephen C. MacIntosh, James J McLaughlin
  • Patent number: 10765355
    Abstract: This disclosure describes methods, systems, and devices configured to determine a timing of a future bladder related event of a patient. For example, a system includes processing circuitry configured to identify a timing of a plurality of bladder related events of a patient, determine, based on the timing of the plurality of bladder related events of the patient, a probability to experience a bladder related event function for the patient, the probability to experience a bladder related event function indicating a probability that the patient will experience a bladder related event at an elapsed time after a previous bladder related event, predict, based on the probability to experience a bladder related event function, a timing of a future bladder related event, and control delivery of a therapy to the patient based on the predicted timing of the future bladder related event.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2020
    Assignee: Medtronic, Inc.
    Inventors: Dwight E. Nelson, Thaddeus S. Brink, Lance Zirpel, Adam P. Steiner
  • Patent number: 10764669
    Abstract: Disclosed is a device and method for monitoring an earphone wearing state. A device and method for monitoring an earphone wearing state according to the present invention comprises: an internal microphone for receiving an internal voice generated inside an ear and generating an internal voice signal; an external microphone for receiving an external sound selectively including external noise and an external voice transferred from a vocal cords to the outside of an oral cavity and generating an external sound signal; a control unit for determining the volume of external noise though a comparison between an internal voice signal and an external sound signal and determining whether to generate an alarm signal; and an alarm unit for performing alarming in response to an alarm signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2020
    Inventor: Eundong Kim
  • Patent number: 10751533
    Abstract: In various embodiments methods and devices are provided for regulating bladder function in a subject after a spinal cord and/or brain injury. In certain embodiments the methods comprise applying a pattern of electrical stimulation to the Lumbosacral spinal cord at a frequency and intensity sufficient to initiate micturition and/or to improve the amount of bladder emptying. In certain embodiments the electrical stimulation is at a frequency and intensity sufficient to improve the amount of bladder emptying (e.g., to provide at least 30% emptying or at least 40% emptying, or at least 50% emptying, or at least 60% emptying, or at least 70% emptying, or at least 80% emptying, or at least 90% emptying, or at least 95% emptying.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Victor Reggie Edgerton, Parag Gad, Roland R. Roy, Yury P. Gerasimenko, Daniel C. Lu, Hui Zhong
  • Patent number: 10643639
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes a system and method for determining cardiac parameters and physiological conditions of a user by analysing speech samples of said user. A user device of the user may record specifics of speech and use these specifics of speech as a speech sample of user's utterance. The user device may transmit the speech samples to a backend system. The system may isolate phonation segments from the speech samples. The system may filter one or more phonation segments. The system may isolate uttered speech segments from one or more phonation segments. The system may perform an acoustic-phonetic analysis of the uttered speech segments. The acoustic-phonetic analysis may use plurality of features for the analysis. The IPA phonemes may be used to derive speech markers that correspond to specific cardiac parameters and physiological conditions. The system may generate a resulting report after analysis which is transmitted to the user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Inventors: Ajit Arun Zadgaonkar, Arun Shrihari Zadgaonkar
  • Patent number: 10599192
    Abstract: This application relates to a portable electronic device including a first sensing module and a second sensing module that are both in communication with a processor. The portable electronic device can include access ports that are formed in the housing, where the first and second sensing modules are capable of receiving an external stimulus by way of the access ports. A plate is positioned in the housing between a wall of the housing and the sensing modules. The plate and the wall define non-linear flow paths between the access ports to the first and second sensing modules. The non-linear flow paths can transmit the external stimulus to cause at least one of the first or second sensing modules to provide a detection signal to the processor that causes a display unit to present a notification that corresponds to the external stimulus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Amin M. Younes, James G. Horiuchi, Ryan C. Perkins, Brad G. Boozer, Christopher M. Werner, Maegan K. Spencer, Sherry Tang, Eugene H. Fox, Mark A. Murphy, Molly J. Anderson, Rico L. Zorkendorfer, Baris Ozgen
  • Patent number: 10537300
    Abstract: A three-dimensional, head mounted microphone array is employed to isolate and analyze intracranial sound sources such as may provide for objective tinnitus. The microphone array allows a region of interest within the patient's head to be isolated for the detection of sounds and allows episodic sounds to be automatically identified as to location. An interactive display allows a better understanding of sound locations and the extracted sounds can be analyzed with respect to a library of sounds linked to particular locations and diagnoses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventor: Burke S. Richmond
  • Patent number: 10448919
    Abstract: A new non-invasive tool for cartilage assessment, exercise and sports management, and prevention of osteoarthritis is provided. In various embodiments, cartilage condition is assessed using audible signals from joints. Assessment test results are used to provide feedback regarding joint stress and friction that is related to physiological or pathological loads. Data obtained from audible signals are processed to provide an index that can be interpreted by a user or third parties. The index is useful as a baseline for exercise practices, training routines, wellness programs, or rehabilitation protocols.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: KNEEVOICE, INC.
    Inventors: Carlos Leal, Felipe Rigby, Gustavo De Greiff
  • Patent number: 10406376
    Abstract: Systems and related methods for controlling an ear stimulation device with a personal computing device are described. Multiple factors, including a mood of the user, a user control input, and a secondary factor input are used in controlling the ear stimulation device. Secondary factors include, a variety of factors relating to or influencing the state of the user, including but not limited to, environmental conditions, sleep, diet, or various activities of the user. User inputs can be open-ended or selected from a menu, for example. In an aspect, a correlation module correlates mood of the user to other factors, and control of stimulation is based thereon. In various aspects, the system is also responsive to inputs from sensors or computing networks. In an aspect, the earpiece delivers an audio output such as music from an audio player.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: eQuility LLC
    Inventors: Eleanor V. Goodall, Roderick A. Hyde, Muriel Y. Ishikawa, Jordin T. Kare, Melanie K. Kitzan, Eric C. Leuthardt, Mark A. Malamud, Stephen L. Malaska, Nathan P. Myhrvold, Brittany Scheid, Katherine E. Sharadin, Elizabeth A. Sweeney, Clarence T. Tegreene, Charles Whitmer, Lowell L. Wood, Jr., Victoria Y. H. Wood
  • Patent number: 10362997
    Abstract: A system (100) for monitoring and diagnosing heart conditions includes a sensor array (102) with accelerometers, an electrocardiogram sensor, and a system to synchronously capture and process (103, 105, or 106) composite heart signals. The system performs separation, identification and marking (201-205 or 501-509) of the signals, to extract information in cardiac vibrations. Machine learning, auditory scene analysis, or spare coding approaches can be used to resolve source separation problems. Analysis of the composite signals separates different vibration signals (302, 303, 304, 305), identifies streams for particular valve signal, and marks them with event time information with respect to a synchronous electrocardiogram signal (306). The psychoacoustic analysis mimics human auditory processing to enhance hearing of heart valve sounds by separating valve vibrations from the composite signal, and providing extraction, identification, marking and display of individual valve signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: Aventusoft, LLC
    Inventors: Kaustubh Kale, Luis Gonzalo Sanchez Giraldo
  • Patent number: 10327698
    Abstract: A wearable breathing sensor, such as a piezoelectric chest belt system, generates a breathing signal that is analyzed by a classifier to identify apnea patterns indicating that the subject has swallowed during breathing. These breathing signals are computer-analyzed to extract inferences regarding the subject's eating and drinking patterns and thereby provide useful data for monitoring food or beverage intake for remote health monitoring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: Board of Trustees of Michigan State University
    Inventors: Subir Biswas, Bo Dong
  • Patent number: 10285636
    Abstract: Described herein is an apparatus and method of detecting bruxism. The method includes the steps of: capturing a video of a subject, performing by circuitry included in the apparatus, spatial filtering of each image frame included in the captured video. Further, the method includes generating by circuitry, a filtered image by temporally filtering the spatially filtered image frames, the temporally filtered image including data belonging in a first frequency range, and wherein a subset of data is associated with a predetermined color variation to indicate presence of bruxism in the subject.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: Half Mile Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Brian Singer
  • Patent number: 10271785
    Abstract: A method of controlling an anti-snoring device is disclosed. The method includes the steps of capturing sound data within a period of time, sampling the sound data continuously, extracting multiple sound characteristic sections arising periodically from the sound data, and activating the anti-snoring device to stop snoring when the repeated occurrence count of the sound characteristic sections reach a threshold value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignees: Inventec (Pudong) Technology Corporation, INVENTEC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tzu-Li Chang, Jui-Che Tu, Chih-Chung Yin, Hung-Yen Lai, Kun-Hung Lin
  • Patent number: 10206561
    Abstract: The disclosure relates and extends to a light source having a strobing or pulsing sequence suitable for use with a CMOS sensor that does not require, have, or use a global shutter. Instead, the CMOS sensor synchronizes the strobing input with the blanking portion of the sensor readout pattern and disables the strobing during sensor readout, or when the strobing would otherwise leave artifacts in the image. The CMOS sensor freezes its readout during the strobing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignee: DePuy Synthes Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Donald M. Wichem, Joshua D. Talbert, Laurent Blanquart
  • Patent number: 10195428
    Abstract: A removable oral device is disclosed. The removable oral device comprises a mounting retainer configured to align with a set of teeth. An electrical stimulator is coupled to the mounting retainer. A single lead is employed that has a first and a second end and lacking a mechanical connection to the mounting retainer. A first and a second electrode are positioned along the single lead. The lead is disposed perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of a patient's tongue such that the first electrode is proximate a first hypoglossal nerve and the second electrode is proximate a second hypoglossal nerve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: Medtronic, Inc.
    Inventor: Avram Scheiner
  • Patent number: 10117634
    Abstract: There is provided a sound and vibration information collecting mechanism, which collects low-frequency sound and vibration information with a predetermined frequency or lower from a detection target, the mechanism including a resonance layer, which includes a natural oscillator having a natural frequency within a frequency band of the sound and vibration information being a collection target, and generates a resonance carrier by the natural oscillator emphasizing the sound and vibration information; and a sensor, which detects the resonance carrier. The mechanism detects a bioacoustic signal and a biosignal more accurately than conventionally.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: DELTA TOOLING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Etsunori Fujita, Shinichiro Maeda, Yumi Ogura, Kosuke Aoi, Ryuichi Uchikawa, Eiji Sugimoto, Kazuhiro Takenaka
  • Patent number: 10004461
    Abstract: A physiological signal processing method for filtering noise generated by a physiological signal processing system is performed by a physiological signal processing system having a sensing device and a filtering device in connection with the sensing device. The method comprises steps of synchronously receiving a physiological signal and a vibrational signal detected by the sensing device, performing a noise determination algorithm to acquire information in multiple time periods with noises occurring in corresponding time periods according to the vibrational signal, performing a physiological signal filtering algorithm to filter the noises in corresponding time periods of the physiological signal and compensate the filtered physiological signal, and estimating a physiological parameter according to a result of the signal compensation to generate the physiological parameter with accuracy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Inventors: Hsuan-Yu Huang, Yen-Cheng Feng
  • Patent number: 9940326
    Abstract: A method and system for speech to speech translation using a plurality of computational cores of a natural liquid architecture are provided. The method includes receiving an audio input to be translated into a target language; identifying, based on the received audio input, a cluster of signatures; identifying, based on the cluster of signatures, a first concept, wherein the first concept is common to all signatures within the signature cluster; and determining a match between the first concept and at least a second concept, wherein the second concept is associated with the target language.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: Cortica, Ltd.
    Inventors: Igal Raichelgauz, Karina Odinaev, Yehoshua Y Zeevi
  • Patent number: 9913692
    Abstract: The description relates to surgical computer systems, including computer program products, and methods for implant planning using captured joint motion information. Data is captured representative of a range of motion of a joint associated with a particular individual, where the joint includes a first bone and a second bone. The first bone of the joint is represented and a first implant model is associated with the representation of the first bone. Based on the captured data, a relationship is determined between the first implant model and a representation of the second bone or a second implant model through at least a portion of the range of motion of the joint. Information is displayed representative of the determined relationship.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: MAKO Surgical Corp.
    Inventors: Louis Arata, Alon Mozes, Jason Otto, Robert Van Vorhis
  • Patent number: 9827051
    Abstract: The description relates to surgical computer systems, including computer program products, and methods for implant planning using captured joint motion information. Data is captured representative of a range of motion of a joint associated with a particular individual, where the joint includes a first bone and a second bone. The first bone of the joint is represented and a first implant model is associated with the representation of the first bone. Based on the captured data, a relationship is determined between the first implant model and a representation of the second bone through at least a portion of the range of motion of the joint. Information is displayed representative of the determined relationship.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: MAKO Surgical Corp.
    Inventors: Louis Arata, Alon Mozes, Jason Otto, Robert Van Vorhis
  • Patent number: 9813814
    Abstract: In accordance with embodiments of the present disclosure, an apparatus for providing an output signal to an audio transducer may include a signal path and a control circuit. The signal path may include an analog signal path portion having an audio input for receiving an analog signal, an audio output for providing an output signal, and a selectable analog gain, and configured to generate the output signal based on the analog signal and in conformity with the selectable analog gain and a digital path portion having a selectable digital gain and configured to receive a digital input signal and convert the digital input signal into the analog signal in conformity with the selectable digital gain. The control circuit may be configured to determine a spectral content of a signal indicative of the output signal and change the selectable digital gain and the selectable analog gain based on the spectral content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: Cirrus Logic, Inc.
    Inventors: Aniruddha Satoskar, Tejasvi Das, Ku He
  • Patent number: 9799348
    Abstract: In some embodiments, a method of creating an automatic language characteristic recognition system. The method can include receiving a plurality of audio recordings. The method also can include segmenting each of the plurality of audio recordings to create a plurality of audio segments for each audio recording. The method additionally can include clustering each audio segment of the plurality of audio segments according to audio characteristics of each audio segment to form a plurality of audio segment clusters. Other embodiments are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Inventors: Terrance D. Paul, Dongxin D. Xu, Sharmistha Sarkar Gray, Umit Yapanel, Jill S. Gilkerson, Jeffrey A. Richards
  • Patent number: 9740824
    Abstract: Disclosed is a drinking water reminding system and the reminding method thereof. The water intake of user is measured by the operation of a reminder of the drinking water reminding system, and a collector of the drinking water reminding system is provided for adjusting the daily drinking water demand of user according to environmental parameters or the physiological parameters of user. The drinking water reminding system reminds the user to drink water if the drinking water reminding system determines that the user has taken insufficient water according to predetermined conditions and measurement results, drinking water reminding system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: Taiwan Gomet Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sheng-Hsiung Chang, Sheng-Yuan Chang
  • Patent number: 9691411
    Abstract: A method for assessing suicide risk for a human subject including receiving recorded voice data of the subject; and classifying the subject as suicidal or non-suicidal based upon a computerized analysis of one or more nonverbal characteristics of the speech data, especially features associated with a breathy phonation type. The analysis of the nonverbal characteristics of the voice data can include an analysis of acoustic characteristics of speech, and/or an analysis of prosodic and voice quality-related features of the voice data. Related apparatus, systems, techniques and articles are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Inventors: Stefan Scherer, John P. Pestian, Louis-Philippe Morency
  • Patent number: 9665686
    Abstract: The description relates to surgical computer systems, including computer program products, and methods for implant planning using corrected captured joint motion information. Data representative of a corrected limb pose at a plurality of poses within a range of motion of a joint associated with a particular individual is captured, the joint comprising a first bone and a second bone, while the first bone, the second bone, or both are subject to a corrective force aligning the first and second bones in a desired alignment. The first bone of the joint is represented. The second bone of the joint is represented. A first implant model is associated with the representation of the first bone. A second implant model is associated with the representation of the second bone. Based on the captured data, a relationship is determined between the first implant model and the second implant model at one or more poses of the plurality of poses within the range of motion of the joint.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: MAKO Surgical Corp.
    Inventors: Robert Van Vorhis, Timothy Blackwell
  • Patent number: 9625498
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are power detectors and methods for detecting the average power level of an RF input signal and the voltage envelope of the RF input signal. Also disclosed herein are linear envelope detectors and methods for detecting the voltage envelope of an RF input signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: Hittite Microwave LLC
    Inventors: Yalcin A. Eken, Savas Tokmak, Abdullah Celik
  • Patent number: 9583108
    Abstract: A system implements voice detection using a receiver, a voice analyzer, and a voice identifier. The receiver receives a transmission from a transmission channel associated with a channel identification. The transmission includes a voice input. The voice analyzer analyzes the voice input and generates a plurality of voice metrics according to a plurality of analysis parameters. The voice identifier compares the voice metrics to one or more stored sets of voice metrics. Each set of voice metrics corresponds to a voice identification associated with the channel identification. The voice identifier also identifies a match between the voice metrics from the voice analyzer and at least one of the stored sets of voice metrics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: Forrest S. Baker III Trust
    Inventor: Forrest Baker, IV
  • Patent number: 9402596
    Abstract: A bowel sound analysis method and system utilizes an audio collection apparatus to continuously monitor an abdominal cavity of an examinee and collect a bowel sound signal of an intestinal tract inside the abdominal cavity, converts the bowel sound signal into a digital signal, then removes noise from the digital signal by using higher-order statistics (HOS) and captures a high-complexity feature from the digital signal by using fractal dimension algorithm, and subsequently defines the high-complexity feature as an intestinal motility signal. Therefore, according to the intestinal motility signal, a time point when intestinal motility occurs in the intestinal tract inside the abdominal cavity of the examinee can be learned, and bowel sound features such as the amplitude, frequency, and period of the intestinal motility signal may further be analyzed to determine a health condition of the intestinal tract.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2016
    Assignee: Chimei Medical Center
    Inventors: Ming-Jen Sheu, Jen-Yin Chen, Jhi-Joung Wang, Bor-Shyh Lin
  • Patent number: 9386961
    Abstract: An acoustic monitoring system has an acoustic front-end, a first signal path from the acoustic front-end directly to an audio transducer and a second signal path from the acoustic front-end to an acoustic data processor via an analog-to-digital converter. The acoustic front-end receives an acoustic sensor signal responsive to body sounds in a person. The audio transducer provides continuous audio of the body sounds. The acoustic data processor provides audio of the body sounds upon user demand.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2016
    Inventors: Ammar Al-Ali, Sung Uk Lee
  • Patent number: 9364291
    Abstract: Described are computer-based methods and apparatuses, including computer program products, for implant planning using areas representing cartilage. A predetermined number of control points for generating a predetermined number of areas representing cartilage are determined, wherein the predetermined number of control points are based on an implant component. Measurements corresponding to a plurality of measured cartilage points are received, wherein each cartilage point is based on an associated control point from the predetermined number of control points. A plurality of areas representing cartilage are generated, wherein each area representing cartilage is larger than and projects to an associated control point from the plurality of control points. A representation of the implant component is positioned based on a representation of a bone, the representation of the bone comprising representations of the plurality of areas representing cartilage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: MAKO Surgical Corp.
    Inventors: Alexandra Bellettre, Louis Arata, Robert Van Vorhis, Jason Otto, Jason Wojcik
  • Patent number: 9339226
    Abstract: Systems and methods for joint replacement are provided. The systems and methods include a surgical orientation device, a reference sensor device, and at least one orthopedic fixture. The surgical orientation device, reference sensor device, and orthopedic fixtures can be used to locate the orientation of an axis in the body, to adjust an orientation of a cutting plane or planes along a bony surface, or otherwise to assist in an orthopedic procedure(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: OrthAlign, Inc.
    Inventors: Nicholas van der Walt, Charles Shapiro, Matt Ryan, Sean Nash
  • Patent number: 9204217
    Abstract: A microphone filter system for outputting an audio signal independent of electrical impedance of downstream devices. This system may include a filter section and an audio transformer that facilitate the outputting of the audio signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignee: AKG Acoustics GmbH
    Inventors: Thomas Umbauer, Wolfgang Satra, Gino Pavlovic
  • Patent number: 9179887
    Abstract: Predicting gastrointestinal impairment may involve obtaining intestinal sounds of a patient to generate audio data, identifying predefined spectral events in the audio data that are predictive of subsequent gastrointestinal impairment, the spectral events being defined by predefined parameters, and predicting the likelihood of subsequent gastrointestinal impairment relative to the identified spectral events.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Assignee: University of Tennessee Research Foundation
    Inventor: John W. Cromwell
  • Patent number: 9167325
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with environmental sensors. Environmental sensors may include one or more environmental sensor components and one or more acoustic components. Acoustic components may include a speaker or a microphone. Environmental sensor components may include a temperature sensor, a pressure sensor, a humidity sensor, or other sensors or combinations of sensors for sensing attributes of the environment surrounding the device. The environmental sensor may have an enclosure with an opening. The enclosure may be formed from a rigid support structure and a portion of a printed circuit. The opening may be formed in the rigid support structure or the printed circuit. The opening in the enclosure for the environmental sensor may be aligned with an opening in an outer structural member for the device. The outer structural member may be a housing structure or a cover layer for a device display.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Henry H. Yang, Matthew E. Last, Romain A. Teil
  • Patent number: 9125628
    Abstract: LEDs arranged in a circle, a standing-wave laser module, a board with a computation unit provided thereon, and an LED control unit are disposed inside a case. Illumination light is irradiated outward from the LEDs, and microwaves are transmitted from the standing-wave laser module and the reflected waves are detected. The computation unit combines the transmitted waves and the reflected waves to detect standing waves, and the distance to the body off which the waves are reflected and minute displacements (e.g., pulse and respiration) are detected on the basis of the standing waves. Thus, merely installing the present invention in lieu of existing illumination apparatuses installed in restrooms, bathing rooms, corridors, and the like allows the position of a human body, and the respiratory rate, heart rate, and the like thereof to be detected, and allows sudden changes to the condition of the detected human body to be rapidly detected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Inventor: Mitsumasa Saitoh
  • Patent number: 9095284
    Abstract: Implantable systems and methods (e.g., using an implantable medical device) for measuring distance including a transmit/receive acoustic transducer implantable at a first location for transmitting and receiving acoustic signals, an echo acoustic transducer implantable at a second location for receiving the acoustic signal from the transmit/receive acoustic transducer and in response thereto transmitting a return echo signal to be received by the transmit/receive acoustic sensor, and a controller to control transmission of the acoustic signal from the transmit/receive acoustic transducer at a transmit time and determine a receive time corresponding to the time the transmit/receive acoustic transducer receives the return echo signal. The distance between the transmit/receive acoustic transducer and the echo acoustic transducer is determined as a function of the transmit time and the receive time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: Medtronic, Inc.
    Inventor: Can Cinbis
  • Patent number: 9078571
    Abstract: A physiological sensing stethoscope suitable for use in high-noise environments is disclosed. The stethoscope is designed to be substantially matched to the mechanical impedance of monitored physiological activity and substantially mismatched to the mechanical impedance of air-coupled acoustic activity. One embodiment of the stethoscope utilizes a passive acoustic system. Another embodiment utilizes an active Doppler system. The passive and active systems can be combined in one stethoscope enabling switching from a passive mode to an active mode suitable for use in very high-noise environments. The stethoscope is suitable for use in environments having an ambient background noise of 100 dBA and higher. The passive includes a head having a housing, a flexural disc mounted with the housing, and an electromechanical stack positioned between the housing and the flexural disc in contact with the skin of a patient. The active system detects Doppler shifts using a high-frequency transmitter and receiver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: Active Signal Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Keith Bridger, Arthur V. Cooke, Dennis J. Kohlhafer, Joseph J. Lutian, John M. Sewell, Richard E. Strite
  • Patent number: 9060735
    Abstract: A sleep monitoring method and device classify segments of an acoustic physiological signal captured during sleep as snore and apnea segments. The method and device employ a phase-locked loop array to rapidly detect snore segments for widely variant snoring rhythms exhibited by different people or the same person over time. The phase-locked loop array integrates seamlessly with an apnea timer-thresholding mechanism that detects apnea segments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Assignee: Sharp Laboratories of America, Inc.
    Inventors: Te-Chung Isaac Yang, Yungkai Kyle Lai
  • Publication number: 20150148707
    Abstract: An electronic stethoscope includes a housing configured for hand-held manipulation, a transducer supported by the housing and configured to sense auscultation signals at a first location, and a headset coupled to the housing and configured to deliver audio corresponding to the auscultation signals through earpieces on the headset. The electronic stethoscope further includes a processor disposed in the housing and configured to convert the auscultation signals to first digital signals representative of the auscultation signals and to wirelessly transmit the first digital signals from the electronic stethoscope via a secure digital network to a second location such that the audio corresponding to the auscultation signals is provided to headsets of one or more additional electronic stethoscopes at the second location in substantial real time with the sensing of the auscultation sounds at the first location.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 28, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: William Bedingham, Craig D. Oster, Daniel J. Rogers, Thomas P. Schmidt
  • Publication number: 20150148621
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods, systems, and devices for generating sleep predicators to avoid preventable mental episodes from breaking through, thereby averting an irreversible brain damage to a patient, that may be caused by such future mental episodes. In one embodiment, the present invention is a method comprising: acquiring biomedical data from a patient by using a means of signal acquisition; forming a database of the biomedical records in which the database further comprises a sleep prediction algorithm, psychiatric records, and a statistical engine to compute the data and the psychiatric records using the algorithm; mapping the acquired data in reference to the sleep prediction algorithm; validating the sleep predictors; and providing an output of the sleep predicators to a patient or caretaker. The present invention can be used to treat mania, depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, PTSD, anxiety, and other chronic mental health conditions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
  • Patent number: 9033900
    Abstract: The present invention is an esophageal stethoscope with a temperature sensor and earpiece. An esophageal stethoscope has a tube with a first end and a second end, where a sound-transmitting hydrophobic cuff covers the first end of the tube. The first end of the tube has a plurality of lateral openings and a thermistor extending from the first end but within the cuff. The second end of the tube is attached to a connector and has a temperature sensor sub-assembly that extends out of the second end and is connected to the thermistor. A monoscope tube is attached to the connector at a first end and has a memory foam earpiece at a second end. The monoscope tube also preferably has a clip near the earpiece. To facilitate sound transmission, monoscope tubes of different ID sizes are used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Inventors: Anthony V Beran, Kerry J Tomic-Edgar
  • Publication number: 20150133819
    Abstract: According to the disclosed embodiments, auscultation is performed using motor vehicle seats. The embodiments include a vehicle seat including a seat support member that includes at least one mounting rod extending in a longitudinal direction, and an auscultation device. The auscultation device includes at least one microphone that is movably coupled to the at least one mounting rod and configured to perform a screening of a passenger in the vehicle seat by capturing a bodily sound of the passenger. A controller is then configured to initiate the screening of the passenger and to diagnose the passenger based on results of the screening.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicants: Hyundai America Technical Center, Inc., Kia Motors Corporation, Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventor: Chadd Price