Chemical Reaction Or Solids Dissolving Patents (Class 62/4)
  • Patent number: 10557219
    Abstract: Composite fibers having a structure comprising a core component and sheath component, wherein each of the core component and the sheath component independently include a polymer and a disclosed cooling composition. In various further aspects, this application pertains to single-covered yarn including a core yarn comprising a disclosed composite fiber including a core component and a sheath component, and a first fiber including a cellulosic fiber, such that the first fiber is wrapped or surrounds the core fiber. In still further aspects, this application pertains to a woven or knit fabric including a disclosed single-covered yarn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: BRRR! Inc.
    Inventors: Hung-Yuan Su, Ying-Pin Wei
  • Patent number: 10155698
    Abstract: Safe, stable, non-toxic and recyclable cooling agent compositions comprising solid particulate compounds undergo an endothermic process when mixed with water such that the resulting mixture is useful for cooling surfaces, liquids and solids. The mixtures include ammonium nitrate in an amount of at least 45 wt % of the mixture. Total nitrogen-containing salts exclusive of phosphates are present in an amount less than 68% by weight of the composition. A phosphate salt is also present in an amount as needed to stabilize the composition against detonation. A balance of additional salts is formulated to provide the mixture with a cooling capacity of at least 240 kJ/kg of the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2018
    Assignee: Frosty Cold, LLC
    Inventors: David D. Leavitt, John R. Bergida
  • Patent number: 10076723
    Abstract: A novel self-cooling food and beverage container and a process for manufacturing the same is disclosed. A self-cooling beverage and food container using a substantive humidification cooling process within said food and beverage container for cooling food and beverage products is disclosed. Methods of assembling and operating the apparatus are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2018
    Inventor: Michael Mark Anthony
  • Patent number: 9920970
    Abstract: The invention relates to a cryogenic container for storing and/or transporting a medium, in particular a biochemical and/or medical product. The cryogenic container comprises at least one primary container, which has at least one flexible film bag. The flexible film bag is designed to receive the medium. The cryogenic container furthermore comprises at least one secondary container, which at least partially surrounds the primary container and is preferably at least partially flexible. The secondary container has at least one opening for insertion of the primary container. The secondary container furthermore has at least one preferably at least partially flexible outer sleeve. The secondary container furthermore has at least one heat exchanger space, which is arranged between the outer sleeve and the flexible film bag and receives at least one fluid heat exchange medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Assignee: HOFFMANN-LA ROCHE, INC.
    Inventors: Theo Arnitz, Carsten Liebig
  • Patent number: 9266659
    Abstract: The flexible container (1) with incorporated internal thermal exchange is shaped like an envelope or bag cascade multipocket inside. It is an administrator, portable disposable dispenser of a consumer and/or necessity product to be heated or cooled, exploiting endothermic or exothermic reactions generated by breaking by pressure of the bag (3) of the reactive liquid (31). The peculiarity of this execution is that the reaction chamber (2) is fully immersed into the consumer product (6) and is provided with a valve (10) controlling a possible pressure generated by the chemical reaction, the reaction bags (3, 4) inside developing the concept “bag in bag” or “bag in bag in bag”.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: Suricate SA
    Inventor: Giuseppe Sarcinella
  • Patent number: 9128684
    Abstract: A case for an electronic device is provided including a sleeve sized and shaped to engage a housing of an electronic device, a bracket sized and shaped to engage the housing of the electronic device and to engage the sleeve; and a thermal pad sized and shaped to fit within the sleeve such that the thermal pad is held in contact with the electronic device when the electronic device is held within the sleeve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Assignee: Dow AgroSciences LLC
    Inventor: Doyle Michael Chambers
  • Patent number: 9095499
    Abstract: The subject matter of the invention is a container system having an inner container for receiving ready-to-use liquid, in particular dialysis liquid, and an outer container surrounding the inner container to receive spent liquid such that the inner container has through-openings which establish a fluidic connection for the liquid in the outer container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: FRESENIUS MEDICAL CARE DEUTSCHLAND GmbH
    Inventors: Franz Kugelmann, Claus Haupert, Joern Hoermann
  • Patent number: 9078742
    Abstract: A cooling device for placement against a body part or object includes a shell member having an outer face and an inner face disposed against a surface to be cooled. A first cooling substrate is disposed within the shell member and is an absorbent web having a generally uniform application of a first cooling composition applied thereto, the cooling composition activated by contact with an aqueous liquid. An aqueous liquid source is disposed within the shell member and is separated from the first cooling substrate by a barrier member. The device is activated by manual manipulation to breach the barrier member causing liquid from the liquid source to move within the interior space of the shell member to contact and activate the cooling composition whereby a cooling reaction is generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: KIMBERLY-CLARK WORLDWIDE, INC.
    Inventors: Roger B. Quincy, III, Robert D. Wright
  • Publication number: 20150135729
    Abstract: A garment is provided which comprises (a) a first portion constructed from stretchable material that is form fitting to a user's physique and that extends across any of the following body segments of the user; the collar bone, the neck, the upper spine, the armpit area; and (b) a cooling composition disposed in said first portion, said cooling composition comprising a material that may or may not undergo a phase change to apply a cooling effect to the collar bone area of the user.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2015
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Mark T. Raines, Dirk H. Buikema
  • Publication number: 20150114858
    Abstract: This invention provides a thin and discreet coolant device, and single and multiple unit dispenser containers containing the same. The coolant device comprises a first packet being comprised of a waterproof or water-resistant material containing water therewithin and further comprising a fold and further adapted to have a selectively permanent connection between external and internal layers of said fold, such that upon applying a force to laterally extend the ends of said packet, a rupture of said first packet occurs allowing for the leakage of the water contained therewithin. The coolant device further comprises a second packet which encases said first packet, comprising an exterior and interior layer, wherein said interior layer is comprised of an absorbant material and said exterior layer is comprised of a waterproof or water-resistant material and wherein an amount of powdered urea is located within an interior of said second packet.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2012
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventor: Sarah Rothenberg
  • Publication number: 20150119963
    Abstract: Mechanically bistable thermal devices and methods of utilizing the same. The mechanically bistable thermal devices include a mechanically bistable element and a thermal element. The mechanically bistable element is configured to be selectively transitioned between a straight conformation, in which the mechanically bistable element defines an elongate shape, and a wrapped conformation, in which the mechanically bistable element defines an arcuate shape and is configured to at least partially encircle an encircled form. The thermal element is configured to exchange thermal energy with the encircled form when in thermal contact with the encircled form and includes a thermal material that includes a fluid and/or a granular solid. The methods include activating the thermal element and transitioning the mechanically bistable element from the straight conformation to the wrapped conformation to at least partially encircle the encircled form with the mechanically bistable device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventor: Christopher C. Cosse
  • Patent number: 8984897
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention generally provide for a system that removes excess thermal energy from a datacenter. In one embodiment, the system includes a holding container with highly thermally conductive surfaces installed in the warmest area(s) of the datacenter. Two substances are released into the holding container and are mixed creating a liquid solution and causing an endothermic reaction. The resulting reaction transfers thermal energy from the datacenter air to the new solution. The liquid solution is then pumped out of the datacenter, where it can be passed through a dialyzing membrane or an evaporation chamber, which separates the liquid solution into its two original substances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Cary M. Huettner, Joseph Kuczynski, Robert E. Meyer, III, Timothy J. Tofil
  • Publication number: 20150075187
    Abstract: Disclosed is an endothermic towel which causes an endothermic reaction with moisture of a human body to remove a thermal feeling and to simultaneously dry moisture in a short time. The towel includes: a first towel member having an exothermic function; and a second towel member having a ventilating function, wherein the first and second towel members are integrated with each other by sewing edges of the first and second towel members, so that the skin temperature may be effectively dropped down, a feeling of use may be improved and the low-temperature state may be more efficiently maintained.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventor: Dae Up SOHN
  • Publication number: 20150068220
    Abstract: A system and a thermochemical method for the production of cold, that uses a reactive device having a reactor or a chamber for storing a reactive product that can absorb a gas. The reactive product and the gas are such that, when they are exposed to one another, they undergo a reaction resulting in absorption of the gas by the reactive product and, conversely, they undergo a reaction involving the desorption of the gas absorbed by the reactive product as a result of heat applied to the reactive product when it absorbed the gas. The system has two substantially identical reactive devices wherein when the reactor of one reactive device is operating in the absorption cycle, the reactor of the other is operating in the desorption cycle. The system has a mechanism for determining the progress rate of the thermochemical reaction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: COLDWAY
    Inventors: Laurent Rigaud, Francis Kindbeiter
  • Publication number: 20150040585
    Abstract: An embodiment of is cooling pack 110 having at least two components that cause an endothermic reaction when mixed together. At least one of the at least two components being in liquid form 410 and contained in, or separated from, the other at least one component 430 by a frangible membrane 150. The at least two components (410, 430) contained within a vacuum sealed common envelope 120. Other embodiments are described and shown.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 8, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventor: Jonas A. Pologe
  • Publication number: 20140364806
    Abstract: A cooling device includes a target fluid inlet, a target fluid outlet, an inner conduit, and a chamber surrounding the inner conduit. The inner conduit communicates with the target fluid inlet and the target fluid outlet, and provides a flow path for a target fluid to be cooled. The chamber contains a first endothermic reactant and includes a reactant inlet selectively alterable from a closed state to an open state. When the reactant inlet is in the closed state, the first endothermic reactant is isolated from a second endothermic reactant and no endothermic reaction occurs. When the reactant inlet is in the open state, the reactant inlet provides a flow path for enabling the second endothermic reactant to come into contact with the first endothermic reactant in the chamber for initiating the endothermic reaction and cooling the target fluid in the inner conduit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 6, 2014
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventors: Andrew J. DiMeo, Nathan M. Cox, Steven P. Grove, Samuel Lee, Luke D. Oltmans, Kathryn H. Sauer
  • Publication number: 20140325998
    Abstract: An improved refrigeration and heating system comprising a thermochemical device, and a mobile service cart. The thermochemical device is capable of refrigerating or cooling the ambient air due to an internal chemical process. This same chemical process also produces a significant amount of heat as a by-product which, if left alone, would normally be vented or released in to the atmosphere and become lost. However because the theremochemical device is disposed at the center of the cart, the heat which is generated by the cooling process is retained and utilized to provide a separate heating area within the cart. This allows the current system to operate as a closed loop, meaning that the cart and thermochemical device work in conjunction to form a self-sustaining hot and cold storage area with very little maintenance or input from a user.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2013
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Inventors: Charles W. Jarvis, Jeff Nicholson, Ernie Freeman, Peitro Brattoli
  • Publication number: 20140305142
    Abstract: A reaction material formed body into which a reaction material reacting with a reaction medium to store or release heat is formed includes first and second opposite surfaces and multiple heat transfer enhancing members extending at least from the first surface to the second surface. At least two or more of the heat transfer enhancing members are oriented in a predetermined single direction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: RICOH COMPANY, LTD.
    Inventors: Yasutomo AMAN, Yohei SHIREN, Masahiro MASUZAWA, Hiroko OHKURA, Yoshifumi OHBA
  • Patent number: 8857194
    Abstract: A thermal energy storage material is described, including a host-guest complex wherein the combined rotational, vibrational, translational, and binding energies of a guest molecule are dependent upon the temperature of the surrounding environment. The host-guest complex may include nanoparticles having a topography, such as nanotubes, nanobowls, nanospheres, and nanocages. The host-guest complex may include a metal organic framework. The guest of the host-guest complex may be water, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen, oxygen, acetone, methanol, ethanol, or another inert compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Inventors: William Rusty Sutterlin, Praveen Thallapally
  • Publication number: 20140298826
    Abstract: A package may include a first side having a first receiving space; and a second side with a second receiving space. The first receiving space and the second receiving space are separated by a separation layer, so a first object disposed in the first receiving space does not interfere with a second object disposed on the second receiving space, and wherein the second receiving space also includes a second separation layer to further assure that the second object in the second receiving space does not interfere with the first object in the first receiving space. In one embodiment, the first object is a facial mask and the second object is a heating material. In another embodiment, the first object is a facial mask and the second object is a coolant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2013
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Inventor: Kevin Guor
  • Patent number: 8826672
    Abstract: Self-cooling compositions and systems adapted to rapidly chill a substance in a compact container are provided. In some implementations, the composition comprises an aqueous solution and solid chemical reactants, wherein at least one solid chemical reactant is selected independently from the group consisting of NH4NO3, urea, and mixtures thereof; and a second solid chemical reactant is selected independently from the group consisting of NH4Cl, calcium sulfate, borax, phosphates, MgCl2, carrageenan, and mixtures thereof. The self-cooling compositions and systems can have a wide range of applications such as cooling comestibles or medical assay kits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Heat Wave Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: William Farone, Tracy Palmer
  • Publication number: 20140245527
    Abstract: A comfort guard apparatus and method of use comprises a compartmentalized chamber positioned adjacent to protective equipment such as shin guards, chest protectors, and helmets. In one embodiment, the apparatus is interchangeable and removably positioned between the user and the protective equipment. In another embodiment, the apparatus is built in to the protective equipment including clothing such as shirts and pants. The apparatus can be replaced with a freshly cooled or warmed version during use. The apparatus conforms to the body of the user, keep the chamber in contact with a greater surface area, and prevent the contents of the compartments from gravitating towards edges. Adjacent compartments can be separated by a breakable membrane or contain breakable packets. The apparatus cushions the user from abrupt edges of the protective equipment. The apparatus, positioned against the body of the wearer, regulates the wearer's body temperature which contributes to enhanced athletic performance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 3, 2014
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Applicant: GEL SPORTS INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Brent Douglas, Noah Douglas
  • Publication number: 20140216061
    Abstract: A cooling device and methods of using the cooling device are described. The cooling device includes a flexible, elongated body member having a first end portion and a second end portion, the elongated body member forming an elongated cavity extending substantially between the first end portion and the second end portion, the cavity having a first substance disposed within the cavity. The cooling device further includes at least one rupturable compartment contained within the cavity, the compartment having a second substance disposed within the compartment. The cooling device also includes fastening means disposed on at least one of the first end portion and the second end portion for detachably fastening the first end portion to the second end portion to secure the cooling device around a circumference of a body part.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Inventor: Mastaneh Paul
  • Publication number: 20140157795
    Abstract: The present device is a self-contained system to cool a beverage quickly without any external mechanisms or support. The device comprises both the thermal system and a bladder holding a beverage. The device is received by the user, who activates it. A reaction occurs within the vessel, causing the contents of the bladder to rapidly change to a temperature that makes the beverage more enjoyable.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2013
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Inventor: Kevin Joseph
  • Publication number: 20140102436
    Abstract: Disclosed is a pouch convenient to heat or cool contents. The pouch includes: a contents-accommodating section which can accommodate contents; a temperature controller which includes a temperature control agent arranged in a temperature control space provided at least one between front and back sides with respect to the contents-accommodating section, and a liquid reactant entrance arranged to be lower than an upper end of the contents-accommodating section and through which a liquid reactant for exothermically or endothermically reacting with the temperature control agent is put into the temperature control space; and a sealing portion which seals up the liquid reactant entrance so that the liquid reactant entrance can be opened when force of not less than a certain magnitude is applied.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 13, 2012
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicants: KSP CO., LTD., KRAUZEN CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Byung-chul Jo, Byung-gu Cho, Byung-kwon Cho
  • Publication number: 20140026595
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a method suitable to reduce the heat transfer into a beverage container in order to keep the beverage cool over an extended period of time after taken from the refrigerator. The method is based on a surface treatment of the beverage container which comprises a binder in which phase change material is incorporated. By absorbing latent heat without a temperature increase, the phase change material creates a thermal barrier against heat penetration. The binder with the phase change material contained wherein is applied to the surface of the beverage container, for instance, by spray coating. The coating layer covers most of the container's surface. A second coating layer which does not contain phase change material is applied on top of the first coating layer in order to provide protection against mechanical stress during high speed filling and packaging.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 26, 2013
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Inventor: Barbara Hildegard Pause
  • Publication number: 20130269369
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a thermochemical system comprising a reactor, or an enclosure for storing a solid reactive material capable of absorbing a gas, the reactive material and the gas being such that, when placed together, a chemical reaction occurs which results in the gas being absorbed by the reactive material, and a reverse chemical reaction occurs, wherein the gas absorbed by the reactive material is desorbed when heating means are applied to said reactive material when the latter has absorbed the gas. Said thermochemical system is characterized in that the reactor consists of an outer housing which is made of a composite material and which contains a sealed inner housing containing the reactive material, the heating means being arranged between the two enclosures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2011
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Applicant: COLDWAY
    Inventors: Laurent Rigaud, Francis Kindbeiter, Laurent Dutruy
  • Patent number: 8556108
    Abstract: Self-heating systems for rapidly and effectively heating a comestible substance are disclosed. Self-heating systems generally include a reaction chamber and a heating chamber. The heating chamber contains a substance to be heated. The reaction chamber contains reactants that, when contacted, exothermically react. The containers and reactants can be configured to heat at least six fluid ounces of comestible substance in less than one minute. The solid chemical reactant mixture can comprise magnesium chloride, calcium chloride, and/or calcium oxide. Methods for heating at least six fluid ounces of comestible substance in less than one minute are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Heat Wave Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: William Farone, Tracy Palmer
  • Publication number: 20130247591
    Abstract: The current invention discloses an easy to use thermal container having a container body and a thermal control assembly. It is preferred that the container body is made of flexible material capable of being deformed by manual force. The thermal control assembly may include a heating pack or chilling pack, which contains chemicals that may generate heating or chilling effects when the chemicals are mixed. Manual manipulation of the heating or chilling pack, which is attached to the container body, may trigger the heating or chilling process and adjust the temperature of the substances kept in the container. The current invention further teaches a thermal container having at least a first compartment and second compartment, while the two compartment contain different substances that may be mixed when the separator of the compartments are dislodged or broken. One embodiment of the thermal container is an improved baby formula bottle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2013
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Inventor: Ashley DeMasi
  • Patent number: 8539777
    Abstract: A can cooling device that includes a beverage can insulating sleeve, a cylindrical flexible bellows attached to the bottom of the sleeve and a bottom plate. A chemically activated cooling cartridge resides within the flexible bellows A cartridge push plate and compression spring reside within the bellows directly under the cooling cartridge. The cooling cartridge includes an outer flexible enclosure that houses a powder, an inner flexible enclosure containing a liquid, and a rigid plate with upwardly directed attached prongs. When a user presses down on the beverage can, the cooling cartridge is compressed causing the upwardly directed prongs to impale the liquid holding flexible inner enclosure and causing the liquid to mix with the powder causing an endothermic cooling reaction causing the beverage can inside the insulating sleeve to be cooled in relation to the surrounding outside temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Inventor: Daven Lee Henry
  • Patent number: 8534090
    Abstract: A system for cooling an auxiliary device having a main housing with at least one canister port, at least one fluid manifold mounted within the housing and in communication with the port, and a removable dry ice canister inserted in to the fluid manifold. Connected to the fluid manifold is a fluid line and connected to the canister is an air pressure line. Both the air pressure and fluid lines are connected to the pump. As the dry ice melts, it cools the fluid and creates pressure that activates the pump to pump fluid to the auxiliary device and back to the manifold for subsequent cooling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Solid Cooling, LLC
    Inventor: William E. Sowder
  • Publication number: 20130199209
    Abstract: A method for controlled temperature change of substances, in which the course of an endo- or exothermic reaction of one or several reactants in aqueous solution, which is in direct or indirect contact with the substances, is influenced using galenic methods is disclosed. At least one of the reactants is present in a solid form and is at least partly included in a galenic matrix. The galenic matrix is at least partly in a form such as tablets, granules, prills, pellets, rods or combinations thereof. The galenic matrix is differently strongly pressed and/or agglomerated in at least one of different regions and different parts. Also disclosed is a galenic matrix containing at least one solid reactant and methods of using such a galenic matrix.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 14, 2011
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: SCALDOPACK SPRL.
    Inventors: Henno Hensen, Harald Saelens
  • Publication number: 20130174600
    Abstract: The flexible container (1) with incorporated internal thermal exchange is shaped like an envelope or bag cascade multipocket inside. It is an administrator, portable disposable dispenser of a consumer and/or necessity product to be heated or cooled, exploiting endothermic or exothermic reactions generated by breaking by pressure of the bag (3) of the reactive liquid (31). The peculiarity of this execution is that the reaction chamber (2) is fully immersed into the consumer product (6) and is provided with a valve (10) controlling a possible pressure generated by the chemical reaction, the reaction bags (3, 4) inside developing the concept “bag in bag” or “bag in bag in bag”.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2011
    Publication date: July 11, 2013
    Inventor: Giuseppe Sarcinella
  • Publication number: 20130174581
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a container for storing a beverage, the container having a container body and a closure and defining an inner chamber, the inner chamber defining an inner volume and including a specific volume of the beverage. The container further includes a cooling device having a housing defining a housing volume. The cooling device includes at least two separate, substantially non-toxic reactants causing an entropy-increasing reaction producing substantially non-toxic products in a stoichiometric number. The at least two separate substantially non-toxic reactants initially being included in the cooling device are separated from one another and causing an entropy-increasing reaction and a heat reduction of the beverage of at least 50 Joules/ml beverage. The cooling device further includes an actuator for initiating the reaction between the at least two separate, substantially non-toxic reactants.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 10, 2012
    Publication date: July 11, 2013
    Applicant: CARLSBERG BREWERIES AlS
    Inventor: CARLSBERG BREWERIES AlS
  • Patent number: 8459044
    Abstract: A thermochemical reactor (1) for a cooling and/or heating includes at least one reagent unit (2) which, using chemical combination, can absorb a gas stream originating from a tank and which, using the reverse chemical reaction, can desorb the gas stream due to a rise in temperature. The reagent unit (2) is disposed in a container (3) that has walls, at least some of which are equipped with diffusers (7) for distributing the gas stream. In addition, the reagent unit (2), which can be heated, is of the type that can expand during absorption of the gas stream and retract during desorption of the gas stream. Moreover, at least some of the walls are mobile walls, which can accompany the longitudinal movement of the reagent unit (2), to enable successive deformation phenomena.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: Coldway
    Inventors: Laurent Rigaud, Francis Kindbeiter
  • Publication number: 20130133340
    Abstract: A self-cooling and self dispensing beverage container in the form of a keg which includes a heat exchange unit having a plurality of segments of compressed carbon disposed therein. A valve is secured to a tube attached to the REU housing for carbon dioxide to adsorbed and then desorbed by the carbon for cooling the beverage. A dispense gas canister is disposed within the container to automatically release carbon dioxide to maintain a pressure head within the container sufficient to assure dispensing of the beverage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 18, 2011
    Publication date: May 30, 2013
    Applicant: JOSEPH COMPANY INTERNATIONAL, INC.
    Inventors: Mark Sillince, David Cull
  • Patent number: 8443793
    Abstract: A heating apparatus includes an elongated flexible envelope (4) comprising two sheets (6), (8) that are attached to each other along permanent side seams (10), (12) and along a permanent bottom seam (14) and a moisture-activated chemical heater (16) disposed inside envelope (4), wherein envelope (4) is folded over on itself and secured by temporary side seams (18), (20) and a permanent top seam (22) to form a continuous moisture barrier surrounding the moisture activated chemical heater (16) and wherein heater (2) may be opened for use by removing top seam (22) and unfolding envelope (4) by unpeeling temporary seals (18), (20) to provide unfolded envelope (4), wherein sheets (6) and (8) remain sealed along permanent seams (10), (12) and (14), but wherein envelope (4) now has an open top end (30).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Innophos, Inc.
    Inventors: Vincent Payen, Michael Wadlinger, Joseph Mitchell, Robert Finn, George Carl Harmsen, Dennis L. Myers
  • Publication number: 20130098069
    Abstract: A self-cooling beverage container comprising a space between outer and inner walls, the space containing a liquid that is mixed with a chemical contained within a compartment within the base of the beverage container. The compartment within the base of the beverage container has a rupture portion located within the space between the outer and inner walls, and pressure on the base of the beverage container causes the rupture portion to open, allowing mixing of the chemical and the liquid. The chemical and the liquid react in an endothermic reaction, cooling the contents of the beverage container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2011
    Publication date: April 25, 2013
    Inventor: Patrick Collins
  • Publication number: 20130086924
    Abstract: Self-cooling compositions and systems adapted to rapidly chill a substance in a compact container are provided. In some implementations, the composition comprises an aqueous solution and solid chemical reactants, wherein at least one solid chemical reactant is selected independently from the group consisting of NH4NO3, urea, and mixtures thereof; and a second solid chemical reactant is selected independently from the group consisting of NH4Cl, calcium sulfate, borax, phosphates, MgCl2, carrageenan, and mixtures thereof. The self-cooling compositions and systems can have a wide range of applications such as cooling comestibles or medical assay kits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2011
    Publication date: April 11, 2013
    Applicant: Heat Wave Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: William Farone, Tracy Palmer
  • Patent number: 8402772
    Abstract: A thermal treatment apparatus is built around an enclosure having pairs of separate compartments with each pair separated by a portal gate. The enclosure has a means for securing it in intimate contact with a skin surface. A chemically activatable substance is enclosed within one or more of the compartments and an activator is enclosed under pressure within one or more further compartments. A thermal sensor is positioned in contact, or near contact, with the skin surface, and a means for opening the portal gate, in accordance with a set point temperature and the actual temperature of the skin surface, is provided. Upon opening the portal gate, the activator is driven into contact with the chemically activatable substance thereby producing a chemical reaction causing a thermal exchange between the enclosure and the skin surface so as to cool or heat it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Superior Inventions Group, LLC
    Inventors: Landon Duval, Edwin M. First
  • Publication number: 20130025296
    Abstract: A container cap or lid used to make a self-heating or self-cooling container having an improved shelf-life and an independent heat-transfer compartment or insert in which are utilized liquid-activated endothermic or exothermic agents, a liquid-activated mixer within the compartment, a simple actuation means for initiating the cooling or heating processes and a method for using the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 9, 2012
    Publication date: January 31, 2013
    Inventors: David D. Leavitt, John R. Bergida
  • Publication number: 20130008183
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention generally provide for a system that removes excess thermal energy from a datacenter. In one embodiment, the system includes a modular holding container with highly thermally conductive surfaces capable of installation in any of multiple receiving points of the datacenter. Two substances are released into the holding container and are mixed creating a liquid solution and causing an endothermic reaction. The resulting reaction transfers thermal energy from the datacenter air to the new solution. The liquid solution is then pumped out of the datacenter, where it can be passed through a dialyzing membrane or an evaporation chamber, which separates the liquid solution into its two original substances.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 11, 2012
    Publication date: January 10, 2013
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Cary M. Huettner, Joseph Kuczynski, Robert E. Meyer, III, Timothy J. Tofil
  • Publication number: 20120247128
    Abstract: A can cooling device that includes a beverage can insulating sleeve, a cylindrical flexible bellows attached to the bottom of the sleeve and a bottom plate. A chemically activated cooling cartridge resides within the flexible bellows A cartridge push plate and compression spring reside within the bellows directly under the cooling cartridge. The cooling cartridge includes an outer flexible enclosure that houses a powder, an inner flexible enclosure containing a liquid, and a rigid plate with upwardly directed attached prongs. When a user presses down on the beverage can, the cooling cartridge is compressed causing the upwardly directed prongs to impale the liquid holding flexible inner enclosure and causing the liquid to mix with the powder causing an endothermic cooling reaction causing the beverage can inside the insulating sleeve to be cooled in relation to the surrounding outside temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2011
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Inventor: Daven Lee Henry
  • Publication number: 20120204578
    Abstract: A container cap or lid or insert for use in cooling food and beverage containers having a cooling chamber in which are utilized water-activated endothermic cooling agents, a water-activated mixer within the chamber, a simple actuation means for initiating the cooling process, a feature that facilitates the recycling of the spent cooling agents and a method for using the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2011
    Publication date: August 16, 2012
    Inventors: David D. Leavitt, John R. Bergida
  • Publication number: 20120198860
    Abstract: A device for emergency cooling a beverage receptacle which includes a transparent plastic cup shaped holder sized to receive the beverage receptacle therein. A solvent is placed into the cup shaped holder. A chemical element is placed into the cup shaped holder, whereby when the chemical element is mixed with the solvent it will produce an endothermic reaction. When the beverage receptacle is placed within the cup shaped holder the endothermic reaction will remove heat from the beverage within the beverage receptacle and cool the beverage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2011
    Publication date: August 9, 2012
    Inventor: KEVIN JOSEPH
  • Publication number: 20120144845
    Abstract: A self-cooling container having an independent cooling chamber in which are utilized water-activated endothermic cooling agents, a water-activated mixer within the chamber, a simple actuation means for initiating the cooling process, a feature that facilitates the recycling of the spent cooling agents and a method for using the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2011
    Publication date: June 14, 2012
    Inventors: David D. Leavitt, John R. Bergida
  • Publication number: 20110271692
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a container for storing a beverage, the container having a container body and a closure and defining an inner chamber, the inner chamber defining an inner volume and including a specific volume of the beverage. The container further includes a cooling device having a housing defining a housing volume. The cooling device includes at least two separate, substantially non-toxic reactants causing an entropy-increasing reaction producing substantially non-toxic products in a stoichiometric number. The at least two separate substantially non-toxic reactants initially being included in the cooling device are separated from one another and causing an entropy-increasing reaction and a heat reduction of the beverage of at least 50 Joules/ml beverage. The cooling device further includes an actuator for initiating the reaction between the at least two separate, substantially non-toxic reactants.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2009
    Publication date: November 10, 2011
    Applicant: CARLSBERG BREWERIES A/S
    Inventors: Jan Norager Rasmussen, Steen Vesborg, Martin Gerth
  • Publication number: 20110259020
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a container for storing a beverage, the container having a container body and a closure and defining an inner chamber, the inner chamber defining an inner volume and including a specific volume of the beverage. The container further includes a cooling device having a housing defining a housing volume. The cooling device includes at least two separate, substantially non-toxic reactants causing an entropy-increasing reaction producing substantially non-toxic products in a stoichiometric number. The at least two separate substantially non-toxic reactants initially being included in the cooling device are separated from one another and causing an entropy-increasing reaction and a heat reduction of the beverage of at least 50 Joules/ml beverage. The cooling device further includes an actuator for initiating the reaction between the at least two separate, substantially non-toxic reactants.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2009
    Publication date: October 27, 2011
    Inventors: Jan Norager Rasmussen, Steen Vesborg, Martin Gerth Andersen
  • Publication number: 20110226089
    Abstract: A heat storage and release system for a transmission includes a material capable of super cooling within an operating temperature range of the transmission. The material is in thermal communication with the transmission. An energy input device is associated with the material and operable to input energy to the material to initiate an exothermic phase change within the material in order to deliver heat to the transmission.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2010
    Publication date: September 22, 2011
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: PAULO A. RIEDEL, RENATO FREITAS SILVA
  • Patent number: 8001959
    Abstract: Disclosed is various embodiments of a self-heating or self-cooling container with a number of improved features in overcoming the problems associated with existing containers, including, but not limited to, an improved breaking device designed to maximize the mixture and reaction between different reactants, an insulating lip to prevent heat loss in the heating process, a simple and efficient design of the container, and enhancements in manufacturing and assembling a self-heating or self-cooling container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Heat Wave Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: John M. B. Ford, Douglas M. Lund