Cellulose Textile Patents (Class 8/918)
  • Patent number: 9624390
    Abstract: A process and a kit for inkjet printing high resolution color and stretchable images on dyed synthetic substrates are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: Kornit Digital Ltd.
    Inventors: Jacob Mann, Jacob Mozel
  • Patent number: 9023118
    Abstract: The present invention relates to new azo dyes, a process for their preparation, and their use for dyeing or printing fibrous materials, to produce materials with brownish shades.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Kemira OYJ
    Inventors: Helmut-Martin Meier, Christof Heide, Klaus-Günter Strumpf, Thomas Hübbe
  • Patent number: 8979947
    Abstract: The present invention relates to dyes of the formula (I) in which R1 to R10, D1 and D2 are defined as given in claim 1, a process for preparing them, and their use for dyeing and printing hydroxyl- and/or carboxamido-containing materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: DyStar Colours Distribution GmbH
    Inventors: Roxana Barbieru, Vajiravelu Sivamurugan
  • Patent number: 8911509
    Abstract: Reactive dye mixtures comprising at least one red dyeing dye and at least one blue, yellow, orange or brown dyeing dye and their use in methods for the dichromatic or trichromatic dyeing or printing of cellulosic fiber materials are described. The reactive dye mixtures yield dyeings or prints having good reproducibility and good all-round fastness properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Huntsman International LLC
    Inventors: Athanassios Tzikas, Georg Roentgen, Marco Casartelli, Remo Codemo, Jean-Francois Landre
  • Patent number: 8613779
    Abstract: A textile dyeing process for dyeing cellulosic fibers and polyester and their respective blends with other fibers in recycled dyeing baths without carrying out any intermediate depuration treatment and using reactive and direct dyes for the cellulosic fibers and dispense dyes for polyester is described. The process recycles both the water already used in a previous dyeing cycle and all added products that have not been absorbed by the textile substrate, as well as the rest of the disperse dyes that had not been depleted in the previous dyeing cycles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignees: Golden Quimica do Brasil LTDA
    Inventors: Jose Valldeperas-Morell, Manuel Jose Lis-Arias, Juan Antonio Navarro-Viciana
  • Patent number: 8597374
    Abstract: Compositions are provided for spray dyeing of a cellulosic, such as cotton, fabric or garment. The compositions include a reactive dye, a wetter, an alkali, and water. The present compositions are made by first mixing the reactive dye, the wetter, and the water to form a solution, and thereafter adding the alkali to the solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: HBI Branded Apparel Enterprises, LLC
    Inventor: Ruth E. May
  • Patent number: 8568492
    Abstract: A method of making a composition for spray application onto surfaces of a cotton fabric includes mixing together a wetter, a reactive dye and water to form a first solution, adding a thickener into the first solution for between about five minutes and sixty minutes to form a partial composition, and adding an alkali with the partial composition to complete the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: HBI Branded Apparel Enterprises, LLC
    Inventors: Ruth E May, Martin Bentham
  • Patent number: 8349028
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a reactive printing dye composition, which includes: (a) at least one reactive dye; (b) an organic buffer; and (c) a mirabilite or a dispersant. The reactive printing dye composition of the present invention is capable for being used in the fabric-dyeing, for example, dyeing of cotton, hemp, silk, rayon, wool, blending, etc. The reactive printing dye composition of the present invention is advantageous in high pH value stability, high storage stability, and reduced degradation in dyeing strength. In addition, the present invention further provides an aqueous reactive printing dye composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: Everlight USA, Inc.
    Inventors: Wen-Chin Lin, Chien-Wen Lee
  • Patent number: 8167958
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for dyeing sheetlike textile materials with a dye, which comprises a concentrated dye system being applied in a total amount of 1% to 25% by weight, based on the textile material, to the textile material in two or more sub-steps and the dye being fixed on the textile material after each and every sub-step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2012
    Assignee: DyStar Colours Deutschland GmbH
    Inventors: Christian Meyer, Wolfgang Schrott, Franz Sütsch
  • Patent number: 8152862
    Abstract: A coloring system can include a noble gas, colorant, and one or more vessels configured to convert the noble gas into a supercritical fluid, and/or receive and color an article of manufacture with the noble gas in the supercritical fluid state. A coloring process can include converting a noble gas into a supercritical fluid state; dissolving, suspending, or absorbing a colorant into the supercritical noble gas, and coloring an article of manufacture with the noble gas in the supercritical fluid state. A coloring composition can include a noble gas in a supercritical fluid state, and a colorant located in the supercritical noble gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: Empire Technology Development LLC
    Inventors: William B. Carlson, Gregory D. Phelan, Philip A. Sullivan
  • Patent number: 8038736
    Abstract: The present invention provides dye mixtures containing a dye of the formula (I) and a dye of the formulae (II) where Z is —CH?CH2 or —CH2CH2Z1 and Z1 is hydroxyl or an alkali-eliminable group; and M is hydrogen, an alkali metal or one equivalent of an alkaline earth metal. The invention also relates to a process for their preparation and their use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2011
    Assignee: DyStar L.P.
    Inventors: Ronald Pedemonte, Antonio Torrentera, Tiffany Chambers
  • Patent number: 7914592
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the production of textiles and more particularly pertains to a method for manufacturing cotton towels comprising the steps of: combining a yarn of 120S combed long staple cotton and a yarn of 10S combed long staple cotton by means of a double winder and winding onto a bobbin or bobbins after combining; feeding the bobbin or bobbins of the combined yarn into a double twister for plying; winding the plied yarn onto a bobbin and weaving into greige; impregnating the greige in the solution of a combined desizing, scouring and bleaching machine to be soaked and steamed for removing the sizes and the impurities in the cotton yarn; treating the greige by means of deoxidization, dyeing, enzymatic desizing, softening, relaxation drying and sewing into towels. The present invention adopts the 120S combed long staple cotton for plying which achieves a definitive binding effect on the loosened fibers on the surfaces of the yarn, thereby forming fewer fluffs on the surfaces of the towel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Inventor: Rigui Sun
  • Patent number: 7887602
    Abstract: Reactive dyes of formula wherein the variables are defined herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2011
    Assignee: Huntsman International, LLC
    Inventors: Hubert Jean Luc Christnacher, Athanassios Tzikas, Georg Roentgen
  • Patent number: 7846215
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for dyeing polyester fibre material according to the exhaust method, which process comprises the following steps: (a) pre-treatment of the fibre material with one or more surfactants, (b) dyeing with one or more disperse dyes, and (c) reductive after-treatment with a hydroxyalkylsulfinic acid or a hydroxyalkylsulfinic acid salt, wherein steps (a), (b) and (c) are carried out in succession in a single liquor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Assignee: Huntsman International LLC
    Inventors: Martin Weber, Edvard Ham
  • Patent number: 7731763
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of dyeing a substrate with a reactive dyestuff in supercritical or near supercritical carbon dioxide, said substrate being selected from the group consisting of cellulose fibers; modified cellulose fibers; protein fibers; synthetic fibers and any combination thereof, wherein the method comprises dyeing said substrate by contacting the substrate with supercritical or near supercritical carbon dioxide containing a reactive dyestuff and one or more acids in a concentration of at least 0.05 mol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Assignee: Feyecon Development & Implementation B.V.
    Inventors: Maria Vanesa Fernandez Cid, Geert Jan Witkamp, Geert Feye Woerlee, Wilhelmus Johannes Theodorus Veugelers
  • Patent number: 7686852
    Abstract: Compounds of the general formula (I) a process for their preparation and their use for dyeing and/or printing organic substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: Clariant Finance (BVI) Limited
    Inventors: Georg Schoefberger, Urs Daettwyler
  • Patent number: 7604669
    Abstract: Dye mixtures, comprising at least one dye of formula and at least one dye from the group of formulae wherein B1, B2 and B3 are each independently of the others an organic bridging member, Q1 is C1-C4alkyl, halogen or a radical —SO2-Z, Q2 and Q3 are each independently of the other C1-C4alkoxy, Q4 is C1-C4alkoxy, C1-C4alkyl, halogen or sulfo Q5 is C1-C4alkoxy, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkanoylamino, ureido, halogen or sulfo, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8 and R9 are each independently of the others hydrogen or unsubstituted or substituted C1-C4alkyl, k and q are each independently of the other the number 0 or 1, n and p are each independently of the other the number 0, 1 or 2, m is the number 0, 1, 2 or 3, t is the number 1, 2 or 3, X1, X2, X3, X4, X5 and X6 are each independently of the others halogen, and T1, T2 and T3 are each independently of the others a non-fiber-reactive substituent or a fiber-reactive radical of formula wherein (R10)0-2 denotes from 0 to 2 identical or different substituents fr
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2009
    Assignee: Huntsman International LLC
    Inventors: Jean-Marie Sire, Athanassios Tzikas, Georg Roentgen
  • Patent number: 7414129
    Abstract: The present invention relates to triphendioxazine dye of the general formula I where A1 and A2, B, R1 and M are each as defined in the claims and Y1 is a group of the general formula II or III where X1 to X4 and also R2 and R3 are each as defined in the claims, processes for their preparation and their use for dyeing and printing hydroxyl- and/or carboxamido-containing materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2008
    Assignee: DyStar Textilfarben GmbH & Co. Deutschland KG
    Inventor: Stefan Ehrenberg
  • Patent number: 7220843
    Abstract: This invention relates to monoazo, disazo and trisazo colorants of the formula (I) where M represents two hydrogen atoms or one metal ion selected from the group consisting of Cu, Co, Ni, Mn, Zn and Al; A is the radical of a substituted naphthyl or pyrazolyl radical.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2007
    Assignee: Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH
    Inventors: Dominique Pflieger, Hans Joachim Metz
  • Patent number: 7101407
    Abstract: The present invention relates to sulfur dye protection systems and compositions and methods employing same, as well as processes for making sulfur dyes, especially bleach stable sulfur dyes, processes for dying textiles with sulfur dyes and textiles dyed by such processes. More particularly, the present invention relates to modifying existing dyes and/or making newly formed sulfur dyes. Even more particularly, the present invention relates to materials that can chemically or physically interact with sulfur dyes to protect the sulfur dyes from oxidation by oxidizing agents, such as bleaching agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2006
    Assignee: The Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska
    Inventor: Jiping Wang
  • Patent number: 7056348
    Abstract: A method for the synthesis of 5-aryl-1,3,3,-trimethyl-2-methylene-indoline derivatives of Formula (I) or its salts of Formula (Ia) wherein 1 mole of a 5-aryl-2,3,3-trimethyl-3H-indole derivative of Formula (VII) is reacted for 1 to 44 hours at a temperature of 20° to 180° C. in an apolar, aprotic or polar, protic or polar aprotic solvent with 1 to 50 moles of a compound of Formula R1-A; new compounds of Formulas (I)/(Ia) and (V), obtainable by this method as well as an agent containing at least one compound of Formula (I)/(Ia) and a carbonyl/imine compound for dyeing keratinic fibers and a method for temporarily dyeing keratin fibers, for which the keratin fiber is dyed with the aforementioned agent and the dyeing, so obtained, is removed again at any later time by a sulfite preparation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2006
    Assignee: Wella AG
    Inventors: Guido Sauter, Hans-Juergen Braun, Nadia Reichlin
  • Patent number: 7052521
    Abstract: A dye composition, which comprising: a monoazo dye of the formula and a disazo dye of the formula (II) wherein R, R1, R2, R3, R4, Y, K, D are defined in this document ; these kinds of dye composition have good stability and build-up. The dye composition are suitable for dyeing and printing of materials containing cellulose fibers, such as cotton, artificial cotton, linen, and artificial linen, or synthetic polyamide, such as wool, silk, and nylon etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Assignee: Everlight USA, Inc.
    Inventors: Huei-Chin Huang, Sheue-Rong Lee, Hsiao-San Chen
  • Patent number: 7048771
    Abstract: The present invention employs the use of nanotechnology to textile coloration. The textiles so produced have good fastness and greatly reduce environmental concerns. The present invention provides nanoparticle processed textiles, formulations and methods for producing them.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2006
    Assignee: University of California
    Inventors: Gang Sun, Dapeng Li
  • Patent number: 7029503
    Abstract: The present invention provides a disazo compound which in a free acid form is represented by the formula (1) and which has high ability to dye cellulosic fibers and attains efficient dyeing with satisfactory reproducibility; and a method of dyeing cellulosic fibers with the compound. Also provided are: a reactive dye composition comprising a compound represented by the formula (1) and a specific red reactive dye and/or a specific blue reactive dye; and a method of dyeing cellulosic fibers with the composition. In the formula, R1 and R3 each represents hydrogen atom or methoxy group; R2 and R4 each represents hydrogen atom, methyl group, acetylamino group, ureido group, etc.; and m is 2 or 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2006
    Assignee: Nippon Kayaku Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Junji Odani, Eiichi Ogawa, Yasuo Shirasaki
  • Patent number: 6933371
    Abstract: Disclosed are bisazo compounds of the formula Ia or Ib where R1 is hydrogen or methyl, the X groups are independently —CH2CH2— or —CH2CH2CH2—, R2, R3, and R4 are independently hydrogen or methyl, A is an anion and n corresponds to the valency of A. Also disclosed are the use of the bisazo compounds for dyeing, especially paper, and colorants containing said bisazo compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2005
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Gunter-Rudolf Schröder, Sophia Ebert, Karl-Heinz Etzbach, Rainer Tresch, Rüdiger Sens
  • Patent number: 6929667
    Abstract: A method for the fluorescent whitening of cotton in a discontinuous process comprising contacting the cotton, I an aqueous bath having a pH value of 6 or less, with one or more compounds of the Formula (I) wherein R1 represents an —SO2R3, —SOR3, CO2M, —CO2R3, —CONR3R4, —CN or —NO2 substituent, R2 is —NH2, —NH(C1-C4alkyl), —N(C1-C4alkyl)2, —NH(C2-C4hydroxyalkyl), —N(C2-C4hydroxyalkyl)2, —NH(C1-C4alkoxy)(C1-C4alkyl), —N[(C1-C4alkoxy)(C1-C4alkyl)]2, NHC2—C4alkylsulphonic acid, morpholineo, piperidino pyrrolidino, an amino acid or amino acid amide residue from which a hydrogen atom on the amino group has been removed, —OC1-C4alkyl or —OC1-C4hydroxyalkyl, R3 and R4 each, independently, represent hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C2-C4hydroxyalkyl or C1-C4alkoxyC1-C4alkyl and M is H, Na, Li, K, Ca, Mg, ammonium, or ammonium that is mono-, di-, tri- or tetrasubsituted by C1-C4alkyl, C2-C4hydroxyalkyl or a mixture thereof, some of which are new
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2005
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Fabienne Cuesta, Dieter Reinehr, Hans Kramer, Georges Metzger, Bernd Wockenfuss
  • Patent number: 6869453
    Abstract: A reactive dye compound comprising: (a) at least one chromophore moiety; (b) at least one nitrogen-containing heterocycle; (c) a linking group to link each chromophore moiety to each nitrogen-containing heterocycle; characterised in that at least one nitrogen-containing heterocycle is substituted with at least one Y group wherein Y is a phosphonate or a borate derivative. The compounds herein have high Exhaustion Values (E), high Fixation Values (F) and high Efficiency Values (T) and show significant improvements in terms of reducing spent dyestuff in effluent, increasing dye affinity to the substrate, increasing the dye-substrate covalent bonding, increasing the ability to dye substrates at room temperature, decreasing the amount of dye that is removed during the post dyeing “soaping off process” and therefore simplifying the post dyeing “soaping off process” traditionally associated with dyeing cotton with fibre reactive dyes and reduction of staining of adjacent white fabrics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2005
    Assignee: North Carolina State University
    Inventors: David Malcolm Lewis, Dong Wei He, Taher Iqbal Yousaf, Gilles Yves Marie Fernand Genain
  • Patent number: 6846334
    Abstract: The present invention relates to sulfur dye protection systems and compositions and methods employing same, as well as processes for making sulfur dyes, especially bleach stable sulfur dyes, processes for dying textiles with sulfur dyes and textiles dyed by such processes. More particularly, the present invention relates to modifying existing dyes and/or making newly formed sulfur dyes. Even more particularly, the present invention relates to materials that can chemically or physically interact with sulfur dyes to protect the sulfur dyes from oxidation by oxidizing agents, such as bleaching agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2005
    Assignee: The Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska
    Inventor: Jiping Wang
  • Patent number: 6814763
    Abstract: Mediator systems obtainable by mixing one or more salts of a metal capable of forming a plurality of valence states with at least one amino-containing complexing agent (K1) and at least one hydroxyl-containing but amino-devoid complexing agent (K2) in an alkaline aqueous medium, wherefor the complexing agents may be present as salts and the molar ratio of K1 to metal ion is from 0.1:1 to 10:1 and the molar ratio of K2 to metal ion is from 0.1:1 to 5:1 are useful for dyeing cellulosic textile material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2004
    Assignee: DyStar Textilfarben GmbH & Co. Deutschland KG
    Inventors: Thomas Bechtold, Stefan Mohr, Wolfgang Schrott, Norbert Grund, Wolfgang Hiebsch
  • Patent number: 6790241
    Abstract: Mediator systems obtainable by mixing a salt of an electrochemically active complexing metal (M1) capable of forming a plurality of valence states with a hydroxyl-containing complexing agent, which may likewise be present as salt, and with a salt of an electrochemically inactive complexing metal (M2) in an alkaline aqueous medium, wherefor the molar ratio of metal ion M2 to metal ion M1 is from 0.8:1 to 2:1 are useful for reducing dyes and dyeing cellulosic textile material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2004
    Assignee: DyStar Textilfarben GmbH & Co. Deutschland KG
    Inventors: Thomas Bechtold, Eduard Burtscher, Wolfgang Schrott, Norbert Grund, Peter Maier, Georg Schnitzer, Franz Sütsch
  • Patent number: 6736864
    Abstract: A reactive dye compound comprising: (a) at least one chromophore moiety; (b) at least one SO2C2H4 group which is attached to the chromphore moiety either directly via the sulphur atom of the SO2C2H4 group or via a linking group L; characterized in that at least one SO2C2H4 group is substituted on its terminal carbon atom with at least one Y group wherein Y is a phosphonate or borate derivative.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2004
    Assignee: North Carolina State University
    Inventors: David Malcolm Lewis, Dong Wei He, Taher Iqbal Yousaf, Gilles Yves Marie Fernand Genain
  • Patent number: 6712863
    Abstract: A dye mixture comprising a disazo dye conforming to the general formula (1), and one or more monoazo dyes conforming to the general formula and a dye of the general formula (3) wherein Y, M R1 to R12 and L1 to L3 are defined as given in claim 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2004
    Assignee: DyStar Textilfarben GmbH & Co. Deutschland KG
    Inventors: Joachim Steckelberg, Ronald Pedemonte
  • Patent number: 6663677
    Abstract: Improved methods for wool whitening and garment washing are provided. More particularly, methods of the present invention employ a first reducing agent, preferably a borohydride material, and a second reducing agent, preferably a bisulfite material, to increase the brightness (whiteness) of wool and to reduce color components in certain garments, particularly denim. Methods of the present invention are particularly useful in the garment and piece goods industries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2003
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventors: Harrie Peter Schoots, Lester Franklin Stevens, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6652601
    Abstract: The object of the present invention is an agent for dyeing fibers obtained by mixing two components and characterized in that one component (component A2) contains at least one carbonyl compound and the other component (component A1) contains at least one indoline derivative of formula (I) or a 3H-indoline derivative of formula (Ia) as well as a multicomponent kit for dyeing and later decolorizing fibers, said kit containing both an agent according to the invention for producing a coloration on the fiber and an agent for the reductive removal of said coloration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2003
    Assignee: Wella Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Guido Sauter, Hans-Juergen Braun, Nadia Reichlin
  • Patent number: 6630005
    Abstract: Dye mixtures, which comprise at least one dye of formula (1) together with at least one dye of formula (2), wherein R1, R2, R4 and R5 are each independently of one another hydrogen or unsubstituted or substituted C1-C4alkyl, (R3)0-2 is 0 to 2 identical or different substituents selected from the group consisting of C2-C4halogen alkanoylamino, C1-C4alkyl or C1-C4alkoxy, A1 and A2 are each independently of the other an unsubstituted or substituted phenylene radical or a C1-C8alkylene radical which may be interrupted by oxygen, D is a radical of formula (3) or (4) wherein is (R6)0-2 0 to 2 identical or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, C2-C4alkanoylamino, C1-C4alkyl and C1-C4alkoxy, X1 and X2 are halogen, and Y1 and Y2 are each independently of the other a fiber-reactive radical of formula: —SO2—Z (5a): —CONH—(CH2)m—SO2—Z (5b); —NH—CO—CH(Hal)—CH2—Hal (5c).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2003
    Assignee: Giba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Athanassios Tzikas, Urs Lehmann, Herbert Klier
  • Patent number: 6623534
    Abstract: Deep black-dyeing dye mixtures comprising a disazo dye conforming to the general formula (1), and one or more disazo dyes conforming to the general formula (2), wherein the amide group is in the 6, 7, or 8 position relative to the hydroxy group and wherein: M, n, W, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R11, L1, L2, L3 are as defined in claim 1 methods for their preparation and use thereof for dyeing hydroxyl- and/or carboxamido-containing fiber material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2003
    Assignee: DyStar Textilfarben GmbH & Co. Deutschland KG
    Inventors: Ronald Pedemonte, Joachim Steckelberg, Werner Russ
  • Patent number: 6623533
    Abstract: A method of printing cellulosic fiber materials in which the fiber material is brought into contact with reactive dyes of formula: wherein A is the radical of a monoazo, polyazo, metal complex azo, anthraquinone, phthalocyanine, formazan or dioxazine chromophore, R1, R2 and R3 are each independently of the others hydrogen or unsubstituted or substituted C1-C4alkyl, X1 and X2 are halogen, B is an organic bridging member, T is a reactive radical of formula: R4 is hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy, sulfo, sulfato, carboxy or by cyano, or a radical  wherein R5 is as defined hereinbelow, R5 is hydrogen, hydroxy, sulfo, sulfato, carboxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C4alkoxycarbonyl, C1-C4alkanoyloxy, carbamoyl or a group —SO2—Y, R6 is hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl, alk and alk1 are each independently of the other linear or branched C1-C6alkylene, arylene is an unsubstituted or sulfo-, carboxy-, hydroxy-, C1-C4alkyl-, C1-C4al
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2003
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Athanassios Tzikas, Hans Reichert, Herbert Klier
  • Patent number: 6620211
    Abstract: In a method for dyeing textile material with one or more fiber-reactive disperse dyestuffs in a supercritical or almost critical fluid, such as CO2, which textile material is selected from the group consisting of silk, wool and cellulose, combinations thereof and combinations of one or more thereof with synthetic fibers, such as polyester and/or polyamide, the relative humidity of the fluid is in the range from 10-100% during dyeing. Textile materials which have been dyed with the aid of this method have properties which are at least equal to those of textile materials of the same type which have been dyed in the traditional manner using water-soluble dyestuffs. A device for carrying out the dyeing method is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2003
    Assignee: Stork Prints B.V.
    Inventors: Wilhelmus J. T. Veugelers, Geert Feye Woerlee, Hendrik Gooijer, Jan Willem Gerritsen
  • Patent number: 6592634
    Abstract: Reactive dyes of the formula (1) in which R1, R2, R3 and R4 independently of one another are hydrogen or substituted or unsubstituted C1-C4alkyl, (R5)0-2 and (R6)0-2 independently of one another are 0 to 2 identical or different substituents from the group consisting of C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, C2-C4alkanoylamino, halogen, carboxyl, sulfo, carbamoyl, N-C1-C4alkylcarbamoyl, N,N-di-C1-C4alkylcarbamoyl, C1-C4alkylsulfonyl, sulfamoyl, N-C1-C4alkylsulfamoyl and N,N-di-C1-C4alkylsulfamoyl, A is hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxyl, sulfo, carboxyl or sulfato, phenyl or naphthyl which are unsubstituted or substituted by C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, C2-C4alkanoylamino, hydroxyl, carboxyl, carbamoyl, sulfo or halogen, phenyl-C1-C4alkylene which is unsubstituted or substituted in the phenyl ring by C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, C2-C4alkanoylamino, hydroxyl, carboxyl, sulfo, carbamoyl, ureido or halogen, or C5-C7cycloalkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by C1-C4alky
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2003
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Hans Reichert, Thomas Verdugo
  • Patent number: 6562115
    Abstract: Monoazo dyes of formulas (III) wherein R1, R2, R3, D1 and M are as defined in the specification, are excellent dyes for dyeing and printing of cellulose containing materials and especially for the preparation of inks for ink jet printing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2003
    Assignee: Ilford Imaging Switzerland GmbH
    Inventors: Kurt Baettig, Gérald Jan
  • Patent number: 6551364
    Abstract: Dye mixtures which comprise at least one 1:2 cobalt complex dye of the formazan compound of the formula in which X is substituted or unsubstituted C1-C8alkyl, phenyl, naphthyl, furyl or thienyl, R1 and R2 independently of one another are hydrogen or substituted or unsubstituted C1-C8alkyl, phenyl or naphthyl, m is a number from 1 to 4 and the rings I, II, III and IV may be further substituted, together with at least one anthraquinone dye of the formula (2) as defined in claim 1, or together with at least one 1:2 chromium or 1:2 cobalt complex dye of two identical or different azo compounds from the group comprising the compounds of the formulae (3), (4), (5) and (6) as defined in claim 1; and novel 1:2 cobalt complex formazan dyes. The dye mixtures are particularly suitable for dyeing or printing natural and synthetic polyamide fiber materials, dyeings or prints having good fastnesses being obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2003
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Urs Lehmann, Marcel Frick
  • Patent number: 6547835
    Abstract: Fabric blends of inherently flame resistant fibers and flame resistant cellulosic fibers that contain a flame retardant. According to the method of production of these blends, the inherently flame resistant fibers can be dyed a full shade of color without depleting the flame retardant contained in the cellulosic fibers. In addition, the potential for laundering shrinkage of the inherently flame resistant fibers of the blends is reduced regardless of whether both, one of, or neither of the inherently flame resistant fibers and the flame resistant cellulosic fibers are dyed. Dyeing and/or shrinkage prevention of these blends is conducted at temperatures below 100° C., typically approximately between 70° C. and 100° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2003
    Assignee: Southern Mills, Inc.
    Inventors: Clyde C. Lunsford, Phillip H. Riggins, Michael T. Stanhope
  • Patent number: 6537332
    Abstract: Dyes of formula (1) wherein R1 and R2 are each independently of the other hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl, and D1 and D2 are each independently of the other a radical of formula (2)  wherein (R3)0-3 denotes from 0 to 3 identical or different substituents selected from the group halogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, carboxy, nitro and sulfo, and X1 is a radical of formula (3a), (3b), (3c), (3d), (3e) or (3f) —SO2—Z  (3a), —NH—CO—(CH2)m—SO2—Z  (3b), —CONH—(CH2)n—SO2—Z  (3c), —NH—CO—CH(Hal)-CH2-Hal  (3d), —NH—CO—C(Hal)=CH2  (3e) or  wherein Y is halogen, T independently thereof has a meaning given for Y or is a non-fiber-reactive substituent or is a fiber-reactive radical of formula (4a), (4b), (4c), (4d) or (4e) —NH—(CH2)2-3—SO2—Z  (4a), —NH—(CH2)
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2003
    Assignee: Ciba Speciality Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Athanassios Tzikas, Herbert Klier
  • Patent number: 6530961
    Abstract: Described are aqueous solutions comprising sodium hydroxide and potassium carbonate in a molar ratio of 1:1.7 to 1:0.5, which are useful for preparing alkaline dyeing liquors, especially padding liquors, of fiber-reactive dyes for producing dyeings on cellulosic textile material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2003
    Assignee: DyStar Textilfarben GmbH & Co. Deutschland KG
    Inventors: Andreas Schrell, Daniele Negri
  • Patent number: 6521000
    Abstract: A woven fabric formed of dyed blended cotton/polyester warp yarns and polyester stretch fill yarns is finished by passing the fabric through a brusher and singer and then through a finishing pad box to apply the finish. Immediately after application of the finish to the yarns, the fabric is passed over pre-drying cans and set by attaching the fabric to an unheated tenter chain for width control. The fabric is then passed over steam drying cans to reduce the moisture level to 8-10%. Subsequently, the fabric is passed through a first compressive shrinking machine, a scrubbing operation and then through a final compressive shrinking machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2003
    Assignee: Burlington Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: James E. McFarland, George R. Burkert, Robert C. Smith
  • Patent number: 6464734
    Abstract: The present invention claims a dye mixture comprising at least one dyestuff of the general formula (1) and at least one dyestuff of the general formula (2) where M, Y1, Y2, Y3, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, W, V, L and G are defined as given in claim 1, a process for its preparation and its use for dyeing and printing hydroxyl-and/or carboxamido-containing material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2002
    Assignee: DyStar Textilfarben GmbH & Co. Deutschland KG
    Inventors: Joachim Steckelberg, Ronald Pedemonte, Manfred Hoppe
  • Patent number: 6451072
    Abstract: Reactive dyes of formula (1) wherein A is phenyl or naphthyl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by halogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, carboxy, sulfo or a fiber-reactive group of formula (2a), (2b), (2c), (2d) or (2e) —SO2—Y  (2a), —NH—CO—(CH2)l—SO2—Y  (2b), —CONH—(CH2)m—SO2—Y  (2c), —NH—CO—CH(Hal)—CH2Hal  (2d) or —NH—CO—C(Hal)═CH2  (2e), B is an aliphatic linking group, D is the radical of a diazo component of the benzene or naphthalene series, R1 is hydrogen or unsubstituted or substituted C1-C4alkyl, R2 is hydrogen, cyano, carbamoyl or sulfomethyl, R3 is hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl, R is hydrogen or unsubstituted or substituted C1-C4alkyl or corresponds to a radical of formula (3)  wherein B, D, R2 and R3 have the meanings cited above, X1 is halogen, hydroxy, C1-C4alkoxy, unsubstituted o
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2002
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Athanassios Tzikas, Rolf Deitz
  • Patent number: 6443997
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a reactive black dye composition for cellulose fiber and more particularly, to the reactive black dye composition with excellent several fastnesses, dyeing levelness, reproducibility and dyeing yield, comprising a mixture with a certain amount ratio of an orange reactive dye expressed in formula (1) and black dye expressed in formula (2), wherein Z is —OSO3M or OC(O)CH3; and M is an alkaline metal atom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2002
    Assignee: Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology
    Inventors: Sea Wha Oh, Myeong Nyeo Kang, Tae Kyung Kim, Mi Kyoung Song
  • Publication number: 20020083532
    Abstract: Anionic coloring agents comprising at least one spacer arm bounded to their chemical structure. These anionic coloring agents have the following general formula: CA-BE, wherein, CA is an anionic coloring agent comprising at least a cromophore group; and BE is the spacer arm, which has the following chemical structure: —(X—R—Z)r, wherein X is a direct link or a group having the formula —S(O)s, wherein s is 0, 1 or 2; or —NR1—, wherein, R1 is hydrogen or a C1-C10 alkyl group; R is a C1-C10 straight or branched alkylene group: Z is a polar group; and r is an integer equal or higher than 1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2001
    Publication date: July 4, 2002
    Inventor: Jorge Mazza
  • Patent number: 6398822
    Abstract: Packaged hair coloring composition comprising a stable aqueous hair coloring composition comprising a compound of formula (I): wherein the variables are each as defined in the claims. The packaged hair coloring compositions of the present invention provide improved wash fastness of dye on hair, less color fade over time, improved consumer acceptance in terms of providing a single packaged hair dye composition and improved product stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2002
    Assignee: The Proctor & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Earl David Brock, Heather Holden Harper, Taher Iqbal Yousaf