Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy [stm] Combined With Atomic Force Microscopy [afm](epo) Patents (Class 850/23)
  • Patent number: 8739311
    Abstract: A new method in microscopy is provided which extends the domain of AFM's to nanoscale spectroscopy. Molecular resonance of nanometer features can be detected and imaged purely by mechanical detection of the force gradient between the interaction of the optically driven molecular dipole/multipole and its mirror image in a Platinum coated scanning probe tip. The method is extendable to obtain nanoscale spectroscopic information ranging from infrared to UV and RF.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Inventors: H. Kumar Wickramasinghe, Indrajith Rajapaksa
  • Patent number: 8327461
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a probe for scanning probe microscopy. The probe 20 comprises a tunnel-current conducting part 30 and a tunnel-current insulating part 40. The said parts are configured such that the insulating part determines a minimal distance between the conducting part 30 and the sample surface. The invention may further concern a scanning probe microscope having such a probe, and a corresponding scanning probe microscopy method. Since the distance to the sample surface 100 is actually determined by the insulating part 40, controlling the vertical position of the probe 20 relative to the sample surface is easily and rapidly achieved. The configuration of the parts allows for a fast scan of the sample surface, whereby high-speed imaging can be achieved. Further, embodiments allow for topographical variations to be accurately captured through tunneling effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Harish Bhaskaran, Michel Despont, Abu Sebastian
  • Patent number: 8296857
    Abstract: The piezo-electric actuator (1) to oscillate the probe of a scanning probe microscope is arranged in the feedback branch (3) of an analog amplifier (4). A current source (10) is provided for feeding a defined alternating current to the input of the amplifier (4). The amplifier (4) strives to adjust the voltage over the actuator (1) such that the current from the current source (10) flows through the actuator (1). As the current through the actuator (1) is proportional to its deflection, this design allows to run the actuator at constant amplitude without the need of complex feedback loops.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Specs Zürich GmbH
    Inventor: Jörg Rychen
  • Publication number: 20120198591
    Abstract: One, several or very many parallel quantum wires, e.g. especially 1-dimensional quantum-conducting heavy ion tracks—“true” quantum wires at room temperature—see similarly EP1096569A1 [1] and [2], or also perhaps SWCNTs, vertically directed or also slightly tilted—up to about 45 degrees—arranged in a 2 dimensional plane, which as a 2-dimensional array interconnect the source and drain contacts of the here invented transistor, are modulated with respect to their quantum-mechanical conductivity via the strength of an applied electric or magnetic field [3], which is homogenous or variable in space locally across the 2 dimensional quantum wire array. The I-V curves of such quantum wires are measured via a double resonant tunnelling effect which allows identifying quantum effects at room temperature. A “true” quantum wire is characterized by quantized current steps and sharp current peaks in the I-V (Isd versus Usd, not just Is a versus Ugate) curve.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2010
    Publication date: August 2, 2012
    Inventor: Frank Michael Ohnesorge
  • Patent number: 7804067
    Abstract: When a characterization of a tip of a diamond stylus for working is needed, the tip of the diamond stylus for working used is observed by a high resolution scanning electron microscope of a high acceleration voltage under a steam atmosphere. When the tip of the diamond stylus for working is worn or when a shape of the tip of the stylus needs to be changed, the tip of the diamond stylus for working is worked by selectively irradiating an electron beam only to a necessary region by increasing an amount of steam and an amount of a current of the electron beam. When a working chip is strongly adhered to the diamond stylus for working and needs to be removed, the electron beam is selectively irradiated only to the working chip adhered to the tip of the diamond stylus for working to be removed under a xenon fluoride atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2010
    Assignee: SII NanoTechnology Inc.
    Inventor: Osamu Takaoka
  • Publication number: 20100055349
    Abstract: The present invention is a method for localized chemical vapor deposition (CVD) for localized growing for example for carbon nanotubes (CNT), nanowires, and oxidation using a heated tip or an array of heated tips to locally heat the area of interest. As the tips moved, material such as CNTs grows in the direction of movement. The Scanning Probe Growth (SPG) or nanoCVD technique has similarities to the CVD growth; however it allows for controlled synthesis and direction and eliminates the need for masks.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 11, 2009
    Publication date: March 4, 2010
    Inventors: Angelo Gaitas, Bhaskar Mitra, Amar Basu, Weibin Zhu
  • Patent number: 7597717
    Abstract: A scanning probe microscopy head may include a base portion, cantilevers coupled to the base portion, and at least one tip coupled to each of the cantilevers. At least two of the cantilevers and associated tips may be configured to perform a different scanning probe microscopy technique. The cantilevers may be positioned perpendicular to the base portion and may be coupled to the perimeter of the base portion. The base portion may include circuitry coupled thereto for providing electricity to the tips. The cantilevers may each be placed into a recessed slot along the perimeter of the base and secured to the base by a securing mechanism, such as a spring clip. The cantilevers may be operatively coupled to a linear positioner, such as a piezoelectric motor, coupled to the perimeter of the base for controlling the amount of protrusion of the cantilevers from the perimeter of the base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2009
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Ryan P. Lu, Stephen D. Russell, Ayax D. Ramirez