Plural Angularly Related Vanes Patents (Class 92/122)
  • Patent number: 9841021
    Abstract: The subject matter of this specification can be embodied in, among other things, a rotary vane actuator. A rotor assembly includes longitudinal vanes disposed radially on a central shaft, with each vane connected at their ends to a circular plates secured to the shaft. Each vane has an outer edge, wherein the shaft, a surface of each plate, and the vanes define interior pockets in the rotor assembly. A stator assembly includes two stator elements each having a first longitudinal edge and a second longitudinal edge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2017
    Assignee: Woodward, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph H. Kim, Robert P. O'Hara, Shahbaz H. Hydari
  • Patent number: 9782894
    Abstract: Hydraulic rotary actuator disposes entry and exit lines of the hydraulic fluid within the hydraulic rotary actuator and comprises a floating member with a hollow portion, a rotating member configured to be inserted into the hollow portion, a working fluid supplied to said hollow portion, a servo control valve connected to said floating member configured to control the flow rate, an entry line connected to said servo control valve and further connecting said servo control valve to said floating member, said entry line forming a through-hole that penetrates through said floating member and forming a supply passage for said working fluid, an exit line connecting said hollow portion to said servo control valve and further thereon to outside of floating member, said exit line forming a through-hole that penetrates through said floating member and forming a discharge passage for said working fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: KNR Systems Inc.
    Inventors: Sung Moo Ryu, Ki Tak Ahn, Jeong Whan Moon, Jung Yeol Kim
  • Patent number: 8915176
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a hydraulic blocking rotary actuator including a stator housing having a through bore to position a rotor assembly. A rotor assembly includes an output shaft and at least one rotary piston disposed radially about the output shaft. The rotary piston includes an integral first vane element and an integral second vane element each with peripheral longitudinal faces substantially concentric to the other. A continuous seal groove is disposed in peripheral longitudinal faces and lateral end faces of the rotary pistons. A continuous seal is disposed in the continuous seal groove. The bore through the stator housing includes an interior cavity with surfaces adapted to receive the rotor assembly. With rotation fluid ports blocked the housing cavity is sealed with the continuous piston seal for hydraulic blocking, preventing actuator displacement by external forces. Other embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Woodward, Inc.
    Inventors: Rhett S. Henrickson, Robert P. O'Hara
  • Patent number: 8789455
    Abstract: Drive mechanism for the conversion of oscillatory motion into rotating motion or vice versa by means of a non-circular gear train, in a system composed of arcuate pistons solidly fixed to a rotor which is able to oscillate about its axis inside a stator. The mechanism comprises a set of non-circular internal and external toothed gears coupled in a fashion similar to that of two epicyclic gearings joined by their respective planet gears, although there are not any sun gears in the present arrangement. All the gears cooperate so as to produce the sought motion conversion between the pistons and the planet carriers and the drive shaft attached thereon. Its field of application includes therefore any device that uses variable volume chambers as a means to transmit energy to, or obtain energy from, a working gas, such as compressors, pneumatic motors or internal combustion engines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Inventor: Josep Galceran Sole
  • Patent number: 8789505
    Abstract: In a valve timing control apparatus configured to enable rotary motion of a vane rotor relative to a housing, a recessed-groove passage is formed in the inside end face of the housing. A circumferential length of the recessed-groove passage is dimensioned to be greater than a circumferential width of the associated vane. The recessed-groove passage permits fluid-communication between a phase-advance hydraulic chamber and a phase-retard hydraulic chamber by way of both circumferential ends of the recessed-groove passage at a maximum phase-retard position of the vane rotor relative to the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi Automotive Systems, Ltd.
    Inventor: Atsushi Watanabe
  • Patent number: 8726787
    Abstract: A rotary hydraulic actuator includes a housing defining a chamber, a first boss, and a port block with a bore communicating with the chamber. The port block includes rotor supply and drain ports communicating with the bore, and a stator port communicating with the chamber through a stator hole in the boss. A rotor mounted in the internal chamber includes: a body with a laterally-extending arm; a first stub shaft received in the bore, the first stub shaft including base slots passing laterally therethrough; a first rotor port disposed in the arm in communication with the internal chamber, and oriented in a tangential direction relative to an axis of rotation; and internal passages which interconnect the rotor base slots and the first rotor port. Passages in the port block communicate with the bore and interconnect the rotor supply and drain ports at a first angular position of the rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Christopher Charles Glynn, Darek Tom Zatorski, Nicholas Rowe Dinsmore, Brandon Wayne Miller
  • Patent number: 8240242
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a rotary actuator comprises a chamber within a housing. A piston within the chamber is operable to rotate about a fixed point. A primary inlet is disposed within the housing. The primary inlet allows fluid to pass between the chamber and a primary fluid source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: Tomek P. Rys, Jason Petermeier, George Radtke
  • Patent number: 7827901
    Abstract: The invention relates to positive-displacement free-piston heat machines with variable working chambers, which could be applied as an internal or external combustion engine, compressor, pump. The machine comprises two analogous assemblies of pistons, each consisting of two or more vanes having form of symmetrical star and attached to the hub. The assemblies of pistons are placed in the cylindrical cavity that is limited by two concentric cylindrical surfaces and two planes at the ends. The vanes the different assemblies are alternately displaced in the cavity. When the assemblies of pistons swing in opposite directions, variable working chambers are got between the adjacent vanes. The external loading or driving devices are connected directly to the assemblies of pistons either by coaxial shafts, radial junctions, planar or cylindrical rings. The machine with two bodies swinging in opposite direction presents well-balanced mechanical system, and vibration of the frame is avoided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2010
    Inventors: Sigitas Kudarauskas, Leonas Antanas Kucinskas
  • Patent number: 7817806
    Abstract: A sound is picked up using a plurality of microphones that are arranged so that respective directivity axes of the microphones differ from each other or so that they function as a plurality of microphones having directivities in different directions by performing a calculation on sound signals output from the plurality of microphones. Rotation of the plurality of microphones is detected, and the sound signals output from the plurality of microphones are processed according to the detected rotation so that a change in orientation of each of the microphones is canceled. The processed output sound signals are output to a reproduction side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventor: Kenji Nakano
  • Patent number: 7421991
    Abstract: A vane-type camshaft phaser includes a vaned camshaft rotor disposed within a lobed stator, defining phase advance and retard chambers filled with oil. The height of the rotor is less than the height of the stator, providing space for a vaned brake rotor alongside the camshaft rotor. The brake rotor is free to rotate independently of the camshaft rotor. The volume of each advance and retard chamber is a function of the rotational position of both the camshaft rotor and the brake rotor, and the volume of each chamber is constant. Rotation of the brake rotor in one direction causes rotation of the camshaft rotor in the opposite direction. The brake rotor is connected to a controllable brake mechanism. By sensing of the camshaft rotor position and feedback control of the braking mechanism, the camshaft rotor may be maintained at any position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2008
    Assignee: Delphi Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruno Lequesne, Elias Taye
  • Patent number: 7421989
    Abstract: A vane-type camshaft phaser having a rotational authority between 40 crank degrees before TDC and 30 crank degrees after TDC. The phaser includes a stator seat formed at a rotation position intermediate between full advance and full retard. A locking pin in a vane of the rotor engages the seat, locking the rotor at the intermediate position. The pin is disengaged by pressurized engine oil independent of oil flows for advance and retard of the rotor. The oil is controlled by a dedicated valve. Preferably, the seat and the ends of the locking pin are vented by passages in the rotor and stator which are aligned when the rotor is at the selected locking angle to remove oil resistance to entry of the pin into the seat. To position the locking pin over the seat, phasing rate is reduced to allow time for the locking pin to engage the seat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2008
    Assignee: Delphi Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas H. Fischer, Daniel R. Cuatt
  • Patent number: 7343887
    Abstract: An abnormality diagnosis system 100 includes a VVT controller 110, an adjustable valve mechanism 120, a cam angle sensor 130, a model computation module 140, an abnormality detection module 150, and an alarm lamp 160. The adjusable valve mechanism 120 advances or delays a phase angle of an intake cam shaft relative to a crankshaft, thereby varying an open-close timing of a valve. The model computation module 140 computes a physical behavior of the adjustable valve mechanism 120 according to a physical model, in response to a control signal input from the VVT controller 110. The abnormality detection module 150 determines whether the adjustable valve mechanism 120 is abnormal or normal, based on a difference between a theoretical value of phase angle calculated according to the physical model and an observed value of phase angle measured with the cam angle sensor 130. The arrangement of the invention ensures highly accurate abnormality diagnosis of the adjustable valve mechanism 120.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2008
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Shinichi Soejima
  • Patent number: 7331318
    Abstract: Camshaft adjusters according to the swivel motor principle may be provided with a bar which arrests the rotor in a position relative to the stator. A bar according to the invention is provided with two portions, between which a change of power transmission takes place during the arresting process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2008
    Assignee: Hydraulik-Ring GmbH
    Inventor: Steffen Schweizer
  • Patent number: 7308878
    Abstract: A valve timing control apparatus includes a driving side rotational member, a driven side rotational member formed with a plurality of recessed portions into which a supporting jig is insertable at a second side thereof in the axial direction, a fluid pressure chamber, a vane, a lock member, and a cover plate formed with a plurality of through holes, through which the supporting jig is insertable, at a position in which each of the plurality of through holes is overlapped with each of the plurality of recessed portions of the driven side rotational member in a condition where the relative rotational phase is restrained at the lock phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2007
    Assignee: Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Naoki Kira
  • Patent number: 7270096
    Abstract: A twin vane-type phaser is described which is provided with a locking mechanism for locking the drive member to the driven members when the pressure in the working chambers is a below is predetermined value. The locking mechanism comprises two coaxial locking pins 114, 118 mounted in a common bore 110 in the centrally located member 32. The locking pins are resiliently urged apart by a spring 120 into bores in the two outer members 38, 40 and are retracted by pistons 112, 116 when the hydraulic pressure in the working chambers attains the predetermined value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2007
    Assignee: Mechadyne PLC
    Inventors: Timothy Mark Lancefield, Richard Alwyn Owen
  • Patent number: 7204217
    Abstract: In a hydraulic camshaft adjuster for a camshaft of an internal combustion engine, with an inner body connected for rotation with the camshaft and having at least one vane extending into a chamber formed in an outer body mounted rotatably relative to the camshaft and connected for rotation with a crankshaft for driving the camshaft and with a hydraulic control mechanism for adjusting the relative angular position between the inner and the outer bodies and including a locking structure for selectively locking and releasing the inner body with respect to the outer body, at least one bolt is slidably supported in an opening in the inner body so as to be movable into a guide slot in the outer body by the force of an axially acting spring element, said bolt when released from the guide slot against the axially acting spring force by the pressure force of a hydraulic operating fluid being retainable laterally displaced out of alignment with the guide slot by centrifugal forces against the force of a radially acting
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2007
    Assignee: DaimlerChrysler AG
    Inventors: Dzoni Bilic, Jens-Uwe Plank
  • Patent number: 7182052
    Abstract: A shoe housing receives a driving force from a crankshaft and a vane rotor rotates with a camshaft in combination. The vane rotor is received in the shoe housing in such a way as to freely turn. Each of the vanes of the vane rotor partitions each of three receiving chambers into a retard hydraulic chamber and an advance hydraulic chamber. A check valve is disposed in an advance supply passage. The check valve allows a working oil to flow from an oil pump through the advance supply passage to the advance hydraulic chamber and prohibits the working oil from flowing back from the advance hydraulic chamber through the advance supply passage to a drain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2007
    Assignees: Denso Corporation, Nippon Soken, Inc.
    Inventors: Seiji Yaoko, Jun Yamada, Kinya Takahashi, Masayasu Ushida, Mitomu Mohri, Takao Nojiri
  • Patent number: 7159549
    Abstract: A camshaft is formed at a generally middle portion with an enlarged cylindrical portion. An annular vane member is mounted on the enlarged cylindrical portion and secured thereto by means of a nut. An annular housing or sprocket is arranged to receive therein the annular vane member in a manner to permit a rotation of the vane member relative to the annular housing. Each of a circular opening of the vane member and a circular opening of the annular housing is so sized as to permit cam lobes of the camshaft to pass therethrough.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2007
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tomoya Tsukada, Kotaro Watanabe
  • Patent number: 7150251
    Abstract: The invention intends to improve a response by utilizing a rotational variable torque of a cam shaft. Communication paths respectively communicating an advance hydraulic chamber and a retard hydraulic chamber provided in a second rotary member and a hydraulic connecting passage are provided so as to be communicated, at a time when a control member intending to improve a response by moving a phase angle control slider in an axial direction or a rotational direction in correspondence to an operating state such as an advance, a retard or the like so as to intermittently communicate an advance chamber communication path and a retard chamber communication path with a hydraulic chamber connecting groove only in a section in which a cam shaft variable torque in an operating direction is applied, is controlled in a rotating region, and a relative rotation of a third rotary member and the second rotary member stops.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2006
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsushi Watanabe, Isao Hayase, Seiji Suga, Takanori Sawada, Tomoya Tsukada
  • Patent number: 6997150
    Abstract: A variable camshaft timing phaser for an internal combustion engine having at least one camshaft comprising a plurality of vanes in chambers defined by a housing and a spool valve. The vanes define an advance and retard chamber. At least one of the vanes is cam torque actuated (CTA) and at least one of the other vanes is oil pressure actuated (OPA). The spool valve is coupled to the advance and retard chamber defined by the CTA vane and the advance chamber defined by the OPA vane. When the phaser is in the advance position, fluid is routed from the retard chamber defined by the OPA vane to the retard chamber defined the CTA vane. When the phaser is in the retard position fluid is routed from the retard chamber defined by the CTA vane to the advance chamber defined by the CTA vane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2006
    Assignee: BorgWarner Inc.
    Inventor: Roger T. Simpson
  • Patent number: 6971351
    Abstract: A region including an engaging hole is given surface treatment such as partial quench hardening by induction hardening for improving surface hardness of the region. The partial quench hardening by induction hardening provides the region with satisfactory mechanical strength or surface hardness enough for resisting deformation of the engaging hole and wear-out of an edge of opening of the engaging hole caused by putting in and out of the lock pin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2005
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Kinugawa, Makoto Yamauchi
  • Patent number: 6920853
    Abstract: A variable valve timing control device includes a rotation member for opening or closing a valve, a rotation transmission member engaged with the rotation member to be relatively rotatable, a vane provided on either one of the rotation member or the rotation transmission member, a hydraulic chamber formed between the rotation member and the rotation transmission member and including an advance angle chamber and a retarded angle chamber, the advance angle chamber and the retarded angle chamber being formed by dividing the hydraulic chamber by the vane, a first hydraulic passage for supplying and discharging a fluid to the advance angle chamber, and a second hydraulic passage for supplying and discharging the fluid to the retarded angle chamber. The vane includes a surface hardness determined to be higher than a surface hardness of a sliding surface of the rotation member or the rotation transmission member for sliding the vane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2005
    Assignee: Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Shigeru Nakajima, Taiyu Iwata, Ichiro Hiratsuka, Takayuki Kurumi, Kazumi Ogawa
  • Patent number: 6883480
    Abstract: A camshaft adjuster for internal combustion engines of motor vehicles has a stator having a casing and stays connected to the casing and projecting radially inwardly. A rotor rotatable relative to the stator is fastened on the camshaft. The rotor has a rotor base member and vanes connected thereto. The vanes project into spaces between the stator stays. The stays each have an end face that rest sealingly against the rotor base member. The vanes of the rotor each have an end face resting sealingly against an inner peripheral wall of the stator. At least one of the vanes of the rotor has a damping element and the stator has at least one counter damping element. Upon rotation of the rotor into its end position, the damping element interacts with the counter damping element and slows the movement of the rotor into the end position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2005
    Assignee: Hydraulik-Ring GmbH
    Inventors: Gerold Sluka, Guido Schneider
  • Patent number: 6866484
    Abstract: The invention relates to a multi-cylinder high-pressure plunger pump with a plurality of plungers and a drive unit therefor which is arranged in a housing, the plungers being arranged equidistantly on a circle and the drive unit comprising a roller which is mounted rotatably in the housing and carries along a wobble plate with wobbling action about the axis of rotation of the roller, axially moveable plunger actuators each coupled to a plunger being pressed against the wobble plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2005
    Inventor: Klaus Reitzig
  • Patent number: 6827052
    Abstract: A variable valve timing control device includes a rotation member unitary fixed to a rotation shaft for controlling a valve timing assembled to a cylinder head of an internal combustion engine to be rotatable, a rotation transmission member engaged with the rotation member to be relatively rotatable, a vane provided on either one of the rotation member or the rotation transmission member, a hydraulic pressure chamber formed between the rotation member and the rotation transmission member and is divided into an advance angle chamber and a retarded angle chamber by the vane, and a detection member for detecting a relative rotation phase between the rotation member and a crankshaft. The detection member is press fitted into a cylindrical portion formed in an axial direction of the rotation member and the rotation member is fixed to the rotation member by a tightening member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2004
    Assignee: Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masaki Kobayashi, Katsuhiko Eguchi
  • Publication number: 20040134345
    Abstract: An oscillating motor includes a cylinder which is filled with hydraulic medium and which has at least one rib on its inside wall, whereby a motor shaft with at least one vane is supported inside the cylinder with freedom to oscillate, a sleeve concentric to the motor shaft, and a pressure-preloaded sealing arrangement inside each of at least two ring-shaped spaces between the cylinder and the motor shaft, which sealing arrangements seal the working chambers formed by the cylinder and its rib, the motor shaft, and the vane together with the cylinder covers at the ends. The ring-shaped spaces are connected to each other by a pressure equalization channel, and an axial groove, which forms the pressure equalization channel, is present in the contact area between the motor shaft and the sleeve.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2003
    Publication date: July 15, 2004
    Applicant: ZF Sachs AG
    Inventors: Rainer Beilner, Matthias Reuss
  • Publication number: 20040094106
    Abstract: In the variable valve timing system according to the present invention, portions of the intake-side advancing hydraulic line and a retarding hydraulic line respectively constitute annular grooves 104 and 113 for advancing and retarding provided on the intake camshaft 5 bearing surface 5a of the cam cap 4 which supports the camshafts 5 and 6. In addition, portions of the advancing hydraulic line and the retarding hydraulic line for exhaust respectively constitute annular grooves for advancing and retarding 123 and 133 provided on the exhaust camshaft 6 bearing surface 4b of the cam cap 4. Moreover, the annular groove for retarding 113 on the intake camshaft 5 bearing surface 4a and the annular groove for advancing 123 on the exhaust camshaft 6 bearing surface 4b are respectively provided in the center in the width direction of their respective bearing surfaces 4a and 4b.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2003
    Publication date: May 20, 2004
    Applicant: Mazda Motor Corporation
    Inventors: Akira Asai, Masaki Fukuma, Masahiro Naito, Kouichi Shimizu, Ikuma Takahashi, Kazuhiro Tomizawa
  • Patent number: 6460333
    Abstract: A hydraulic pressure transformer has a port block which is attached to an end cap. The end cap includes a plurality of ports opening at an end face and at least one actuation port opening at or near a peripheral surface. A barrel which is rotatable about an axis includes a second end face and a plurality of cylinders having respective cylinder ports which open at the second end face. A port block disposed between the first end face and the second end face is rotatable about an axis and has a first face surface, a second face surface and a plurality of ports extending between the first face surface and the second face surface. The port block includes a radial periphery and at least one vane extending radially outward from the radial periphery to a position adjacent the peripheral surface of the opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2002
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: John C. Endsley, Frank J. Raab, David C. Hale
  • Publication number: 20020096044
    Abstract: A pressure-fluid-operated power unit producing a rotating motion for positioning valves or similar actuators into a desired position. The power unit comprises an annular cylinder space and at least two pairs of pistons arranged to move in said cylinder space respect to each other, first pistons of the piston pairs being arranged to rotate around the shaft of the cylinder space and second pistons being immovably arranged with respect to at least one end flange of the cylinder space or to a casing of the cylinder space, and pressure fluid conduits for leading pressure fluid into and out of the spaces between the pistons.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2002
    Publication date: July 25, 2002
    Inventor: Esko Raikamo
  • Publication number: 20020026914
    Abstract: An oil pressure control apparatus for an internal combustion engine that has a source of hydraulic pressure and a hydraulic actuator which is actuated by hydraulic pressure provided via a fluid passage which is in communication with the source of hydraulic pressure. A control valve is disposed in the fluid passage for controlling the hydraulic pressure introduced to the actuator. A damper, which is disposed in a fluid communication between the hydraulic actuator and the control valve, is operative to attenuate the force of a pulsing stream of a working fluid in the fluid passage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2001
    Publication date: March 7, 2002
    Applicant: UNISIA JECS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Akinobu Maeyama, Masanori Koda
  • Publication number: 20010054404
    Abstract: A variable valve timing control apparatus for an internal combustion engine that varies the rotational phrase of the first shaft with respect to the second shaft. The apparatus comprises a housing member rotated in synchronism with one of the first shaft and the second shaft, the housing member having a circular space provided in the housing member and radially extending at least one fan-shaped space from outer circumferential surface of the circular space, a vane rotor rotated in synchronism with the other of the first shaft and the second shaft and accommodated in the housing member in order to relatively rotate with respect to the housing member, the vane rotor having radially extending at least one vane so as to divide the fan-shaped space into first chamber and second chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 19, 2001
    Publication date: December 27, 2001
    Applicant: UNISIA JECS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hideyuki Miyasaka, Masahiko Watanabe
  • Patent number: 6162025
    Abstract: In a variable displacement swash plate type compressor, a drive shaft is installed in a case to rotate about its axis. A generally spherical sleeve is axially slidably disposed on the drive shaft, a journal is disposed on the sleeve, and a swash plate is tightly disposed on the journal. For achieving a reliable pivotal movement of the journal relative to the sleeve, the following measures are practically employed. First and second parallel flat surfaces are provided at diametrically opposed portions of the sleeve. Third and fourth parallel flat surfaces are formed on diametrically opposed portions of an inner wall of a generally cylindrical bore defined in the journal. The sleeve is disposed in the generally cylindrical bore of the journal in such a manner that the first and second parallel flat surfaces slidably abut against the third and fourth parallel flat surfaces respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2000
    Assignee: Calsonic Kansei Corporation
    Inventor: Hiroshi Okawa
  • Patent number: 6158325
    Abstract: A swash plate type compressor has a rotating assembly of a drive shaft, a drive plate mounted on the drive shaft and a swash plate unit linked with the drive plate through a hinge mechanism. The drive plate has a circular disk portion and a hinge supporting portion projecting from the disk portion. The drive plate is formed with an oil storage groove for improve lubrication and balance of the rotating assembly. The oil storage groove opens away from the swash plate unit, and extends so as to describe an arc of a circle at such a position that the oil storage groove extends between the axis of the drive shaft and the hinge supporting portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2000
    Assignee: Calsonic Corporation
    Inventors: Toshikatsu Miyaji, Shinichiro Higashihara
  • Patent number: 6155798
    Abstract: A hydrostatic axial piston machine employs a swash plate construction in which the diagonal position of the swash plate can be controlled by at least one positioning piston pressurized with a control pressure. A control valve is in a line which leads to at least one positioning piston. A simple electrical-hydraulic control of the swash plate can be accomplished by the electrical actuation of the control valve. The control valve may be in the form of a rotary disk valve which can be actuated by a stepper motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2000
    Assignee: Linde Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Horst Deininger, Eckehart Schulze
  • Patent number: 6151895
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a hydrostatic transmission system integrally constructed without being large-sized while incorporating a variable displacement motor therein.In order to accomplish the object, a casing 11 has a variable displacement pump 1 and a variable displacement motor 3 incorporated therein in a manner to be juxtaposed to each other. The pump 1 is constituted by a cam plate type axial plunger pump which is constructed so as to render a tilting angle of a cam plate 18 variable and render a discharge rate of hydraulic fluid zero when the tilting angle is within a range set near 0 degree. The motor 3 is constituted by a cam plate type axial plunger motor including a cam plate 33 of which a tilting angle is variable.A cover 48 is provided with a pair of passages 2a and 2b, relief valves 9a and 9b, check valves 10a and 10b, and a change-over valve 5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2000
    Assignee: Kayaba Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kimikazu Matsura
  • Patent number: 6146107
    Abstract: A drive plate or lug plate is supported on a drive shaft for integral rotation therewith. A cam plate is coupled to the lug plate by a hinge mechanism to integrally rotate with the drive shaft and tilt with respect to the axis of the drive shaft. The cam plate is coupled to a piston to convert the rotation of the drive shaft into linear reciprocating movement of the piston in a cylinder to compress gas supplied from an external circuit and to discharge the compressed gas outward from the cylinder. The hinge mechanism has a first guide pin projecting to the lug plate from the cam plate, a second guide pin projecting to the lug plate from the cam plate in a position following the first guide pin which is the leading pin with respect to the direction of rotation of the drive shalt, a first guide hole formed in a support arm projecting from the lug plate to receive the first guide pin and a second guide hole formed in a second support arm projecting from the drive plate to receive the second guide pin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2000
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyoda Jidoshokki Seisakusho
    Inventors: Masahiro Kawaguchi, Tetsuhiko Fukanuma, Kazuaki Iwama, Hiroyuki Nagai
  • Patent number: 6129532
    Abstract: A CO.sub.2 compressor is disclosed for forcing and moving a lubricant under discharge pressure. If the oil path is reduced in size or a pressure reducing part is inserted to handle the large differential pressure caused between the discharge pressure and the intake pressure, the oil path would become liable to be easily clogged by foreign matter. In view of this, an intermittent oil supply mechanism is formed in the oil path using the sliding contact portion between a fixed member of the compressor body and a movable member. Thus, the substantial lubrication time period is shortened and the amount of oil supplied is limited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2000
    Assignee: DENSO Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroyasu Kato, Masafumi Nakashima, Takeshi Sakai, Kazuhide Uchida
  • Patent number: 6123513
    Abstract: A piston for use in a compressor that compresses gas containing lubricating oil is disclosed. The compressor has a crank chamber and cylinder bores for accommodating the pistons. A swash plate is located in the crank chamber and is supported on a drive shaft for integrally rotating with the drive shaft. The swash plate is operably connected to the pistons by shoes to convert the rotation of the drive shaft to reciprocation of each piston. Each piston has a head for compressing the gas supplied to the cylinder bore and a skirt projecting from the head toward the crank chamber. The skirt has a slot for receiving the swash plate by means of the shoes. A rib is formed on an inner wall of the slot and extends parallel to the axis of the piston. When the swash plate rotates, swirling gas in the crank chamber collides against the rib. When the gas collides against the rib, the oil contained in the gas separates from the gas and is guided to the shoes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2000
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyoda Jidoshokki Seisakusho
    Inventors: Osamu Hiramatsu, Shigeki Kanzaki, Kazushige Murao, Takahiro Hoshida
  • Patent number: 6119580
    Abstract: At the time of casting a structural material for a casing, metal pipes to be used as passages to and from a tilt actuator of a swash plate are integrally embedded in a cast body of the structural material. In a casting stage of the structural material for the casing, metal pipes are set in position within a casting mold, and then molten metallic material is introduced into the mold. A main casing for a hydraulic motor is formed out of the cast structural material by finishing its inner and outer peripheral surfaces and outer ends of embedded metal pipes. The resulting casing has the metal pipe conduits embedded in its cylindrical body portion from its open end toward its bottom portion with cylinders for a tilt actuator, the embedded metal pipe conduits providing passages on the inner peripheral side for supplying and discharging tilt control hydraulic fluid to and from the tilt actuator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2000
    Assignee: Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hitoshi Sato, Hitoshi Kagiwada, Kenichi Kimura
  • Patent number: 6116145
    Abstract: A variable displacement compressor includes a simplified hinge mechanism located between a rotary support and a swash plate. The hinge mechanism includes a swing arm extending from the swash plate and a pair of support arms extending from the rotary support such that the swing arm is placed between the support arms. A guide pin is attached to the swing arm. The guide pin has end portions engaging with guide holes of the support arms. Washers are located between the swing arm and the support arms to prevent the swing arm from directly contacting the support arms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2000
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyoda Jidoshokki Seisakusho
    Inventors: Masaki Ota, Hisakazu Kobayashi, Masaru Hamasaki, Masayoshi Hori
  • Patent number: 6112639
    Abstract: A housing (11, 12, 13) accommodates a compressive mechanism. A drive shaft (15) is supported by the housing (11, 12, 13) and is connected with the compressive mechanism. A boss portion (16) is arranged along an outer wall of the housing (11, 12, 13) such that the boss portion (16) encompasses a portion of the drive shaft (15) projecting from the housing (11, 12, 13). A rotational body (18) is connected with the drive shaft (15) for transmitting drive force from an exterior drive source to the drive shaft (15). A seal (17) is arranged in the interior of the housing (11, 12, 13) for sealing at a location between the inner side of the housing (11, 12, 13) and the drive shaft (15). A collector (35, 36, 38) collects oil leaking from the seal (17). A stepped portion (40) is formed on an outer surface of a rotary portion (15, 21.alpha.) at a position between the seal (17) and an opening (16.alpha.) of the boss portion (16) within the interior of the housing (11, 12, 13).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyoda Jidoshokki Seisakusho
    Inventors: Kazuya Kimura, Masafumi Ito
  • Patent number: 6095030
    Abstract: A swash plate type variable displacement compressor for refrigerant in a refrigeration cycle of an air conditioning system for an automotive vehicle. The compressor comprises a drive shaft around which a journal is movably disposed around so as to be rotatable with the drive shaft. The journal has a generally cylindrical boss section which has an external thread portion, and a flange section. A swash plate is provided for converting a rotational motion of the drive shaft into a linear motion of the pistons. The swash plate is fixedly mounted on the boss section of the journal and has an internal thread portion which is engaged with the external thread portion of the boss section. The swash plate includes a generally cylindrical thick central section having the internal thread portion, and a peripheral section integral with the central section and having an axial dimension smaller than the central section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2000
    Assignee: Calsonic Corporation
    Inventor: Masaki Kawachi
  • Patent number: 6092455
    Abstract: A hydraulic pressure transformer for the conversion of an input hydraulic power to an output hydraulic power includes a housing with a generally planar face surface and a plurality of ports opening at the face surface. A barrel which is rotatable about an axis includes a generally spherical end face and a plurality of cylinders opening at the end face. A port block interposed between the barrel and the housing is rotatable about the axis. The port block has a first face surface, a second face surface and a plurality of ports extending between the first face surface and the second face surface. The ports selectively fluidly interconnect the plurality of cylinders in the barrel with the plurality of ports in the housing. The first face surface is generally spherical and abuts the end face of the barrel. The second face surface is generally planar and abuts the face surface of the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2000
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: John C. Endsley, David C. Hale, Frank J. Raab
  • Patent number: 6076449
    Abstract: A variable displacement compressor includes a swash plate supported tiltably on a drive shaft and slidable in axial directions of the drive shaft. The swash plate has a central support hole into which the drive shaft is inserted. The swash plate has a top dead center point for positioning the piston at a top dead center position and a bottom dead center point for positioning the piston at a bottom dead center position. The center of gravity of the swash plate is displaced from the axis of the drive shaft toward the top dead center point. This location of the center of gravity maintains the radial position of the swash plate relative to the drive shaft by centrifugal force acting on the swash plate when the swash plate rotates. As a result, the compressor is quieter and more stable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2000
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyoda Jidoshokki Seisakusho
    Inventors: Masahiro Kawaguchi, Masakazu Murase, Tetsuhiko Fukanuma, Hiroshi Kubo
  • Patent number: 6056517
    Abstract: A compressor for an air-conditioning system of a motor vehicle is proposed, which has a controllable compression medium feed mechanism powered by a drive shaft and which, for example, is powered by the combustion engine of the motor vehicle by a belt driven by a drive shaft, where the belt is coupled with the drive shaft of the compressor. the compressor is characterized by the drive wheel (29) having a belt pully body (31) engaged with the belt (33) and coupled via an elastic coupling element (35) with the drive shaft (7), and by the drive shaft (7) being equipped with a torque limiting mechanism (predetermined fracture point (65)). In the case of another version, it is envisaged that the support mechanism (127) contains a projection (137) protruding from the take-up plate (11) and preferentially forming a single piece with this, as well as a supporting element (139).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2000
    Assignee: LuK Fahrzeug-Hydraulik GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Frank Obrist, Jan Hinrichs, Peter Kuhn, Hans-Jurgen Lauth
  • Patent number: 6048176
    Abstract: A regulating device for a hydrostatic positive displacement unit, such as an axial piston machine employing the swash plate principle, includes a control valve which pressurizes a regulating piston which determines the stroke volume or the displacement volume of the positive displacement unit. An electric-hydraulic regulating device having a simple construction is provided with the control valve in the form of a slide valve which can be actuated electrically. In one configuration of the invention, the slide valve can be actuated by a stepper motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2000
    Assignee: Linde Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Horst Deininger
  • Patent number: 6038960
    Abstract: A piston-type fluid displacement apparatus includes a housing enclosing a crank chamber, a suction chamber, a suction chamber, and a discharge chamber. The housing includes a cylinder block wherein a plurality of cylinder bores formed, a drive shaft rotatably supported in the cylinder block and a plurality of pistons each of which is slidably disposed within one of the cylinder bores. Each of the pistons includes a cylindrical body and an arm portion axially extending from a first axial end of the cylindrical body and a pair of engaging portions formed the first axial end of the cylindrical body and the arm portion. The cylindrical body of the pistons includes an hollow portion therein. The housing further includes a plate having an angle of tilt and titably connected to the drive shaft and bearing coupling devices coupling the plate to each of the pistons, so that the pistons reciprocates within the cylinder bores upon rotation of the plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2000
    Assignee: Sanden Corporation
    Inventors: Eiji Fukushima, Shigemi Shimizu
  • Patent number: 6026731
    Abstract: A compressor, which is adapted for use in an air-conditioning system of a motor vehicle, having a housing (2) and a compressor unit (1) arranged in the housing (2) for drawing in and compressing a coolant. The structural size of the compressor is reduced, while sufficient compressor capacity is ensured, as a result of manufacturing the housing (2) from a high-strength material and using a gas that has a high density even in the drawn-in state as the coolant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2000
    Assignee: Luk Fahrzeug-Hydraulik GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Jan Hinrichs, Volker Seipel
  • Patent number: 6027250
    Abstract: An oscillating bearing is disclosed for a variable-displacement axial piston hydraulic machine having a swashplate with a convex semi-cylindrical bearing face with provisions for attaching the oscillating bearing, and a housing with a concave semi-cylindrical bearing saddle. The oscillating bearing includes thin outer and inner race members having centered openings and formed in arcs congruent with the concave surface of the bearing saddle of the housing and the convex bearing face of the swashplate, respectively. The outer race member has support means on at least one axial end for supporting a timing member which engages a timing feature of the swashplate and synchronizes motion for all parts of the oscillating bearing, and the inner race member has means for holding the inner race against the convex bearing face of the swashplate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2000
    Assignee: The Torrington Company
    Inventors: Leo M. Reubelt, Edward P. Butler, III, John M. Grillo, Brian P. Berg, Vincent E. Leto
  • Patent number: 6024541
    Abstract: A hydraulic axial pump/motor comprises a plurality of revolving as well as reciprocating pistons, operatively associated with a stationary port plate. The port plate comprises at least a first, elongated, arcuate suction port and at least a second elongated, arcuate discharge port, divided by a bringing portion extending between the downstream side of the suction port and the upstream side of the discharge port. A tortuous passage of a non-uniform cross-section is formed in the bridging portion, allowing the by-passing of the fluid first in a direction towards the downstream side of the suction port and then towards and into the upstream side of the discharge port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2000
    Assignee: Nordip Ltd.
    Inventors: Alexander Perstnev, Samuel Perstnev