Heating And Cooling Patents (Class 95/115)
  • Patent number: 10399007
    Abstract: A temperature swing adsorption apparatuses and process is disclosed comprising passing a feed stream to a first adsorption bed to adsorb one or more contaminants from the feed stream to produce a product stream. A regeneration gas separator overhead stream is passed to a second adsorption bed to provide a second adsorption bed effluent stream. The second adsorption bed effluent stream is passed to a heater to generate a hot regeneration effluent stream. The hot regeneration effluent stream is passed to a third adsorption bed to regenerate the third adsorption bed and provide a regeneration effluent stream. At least a portion of the regeneration effluent stream is passed to a guard bed to remove sulfur and oxygen compounds to provide a treated regeneration effluent stream. The treated regeneration effluent stream is passed to a regeneration gas separator to provide the regeneration gas separator overhead stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Inventors: Shain-Jer Doong, Christopher B. McIlroy
  • Patent number: 10378818
    Abstract: A process for producing and purifying a synthesis gas stream that contains CO- and H2-produced from a hydrocarbon-containing feed in a gas production unit. CO2 is separated from the synthesis gas stream and CO is cryogenically separated from the synthesis gas stream. CO2 that makes up 5% to 30% by volume in the synthesis is reduced to less than 10 ppm by volume by temperature swing adsorption. The temperature swing adsorption takes place upstream of the cryogenic separation of CO. The CO2 is adsorbed using a disordered adsorbent bed wherein the adsorbent is cooled by means of indirect heat transfer from the adsorbent to the heat transfer medium during adsorption and the adsorbent loaded with CO2 is heated by indirect heat transfer from the heat transfer medium to the adsorbent to effect desorption of CO2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: LINDE AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Martin Lang, Christian Voss, Benedikt Schürer, Gabriel Salazar Duarte
  • Patent number: 10086325
    Abstract: The present application relates to a membrane separation device. According to the separation device of the present application, components to be separated using a separation membrane having a small area size can be separated with high selectivity and consequently processing efficiency and economical efficiency can be superbly improved; and according to a method for producing an expanded polystyrene which includes the membrane separation device, components to be separated using a separation membrane having a small area size, in particular, a volatile organic compound (VOC), can be separated with high selectivity and consequently processing efficiency and economical efficiency can be superbly improved, and also, by separating and recovering VOC, an effect in preventing environmental pollution caused by global warming is exhibited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Sang Beom Lee, Moon Kyoon Chun, Sung Ho Lee, Jong Ku Lee, Joon Ho Shin
  • Patent number: 10035099
    Abstract: A CO2 removal device includes: a CO2 capturing material which captures H2O and CO2 in a gas; a reaction container which contains the CO2 capturing material; an H2O measuring unit for measuring the concentration of H2O in the gas; an H2O concentration adjustment device which adjusts the concentration of H2O on the basis of information obtained by the H2O measuring unit; a gas introduction path introducing the gas into the reaction container from the H2O concentration adjustment device and bringing the gas into contact with the CO2 capturing material; a first gas discharge path discharging the gas from the reaction container after the gas has been brought into contact with the CO2 capturing material; and a second gas discharge path discharging the gas that has been desorbed from the CO2 capturing material from the reaction container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: HITACHI CHEMICAL COMPANY, LTD.
    Inventors: Kouhei Yoshikawa, Masato Kaneeda, Hidehiro Nakamura, Toshiaki Shirasaka
  • Patent number: 9511321
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an adsorption-type air drying system, of which the object is to simplify the flow paths of the system, reduce the number of the components such as a valve intricately controlled according to the state of operation, and decrease the cost for constructing the system. Furthermore, the object of the present invention is to provide an adsorption-type air drying system which may be used under various pressure conditions, and smoothly operated regardless of the pressure change of the system by way of a structure compensating for the pressure loss generated during non-purge operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Inventor: Chul Yong Hwang
  • Patent number: 9452661
    Abstract: A vehicle air conditioning system includes a compressor configured to compress refrigerant, a condenser, an evaporator, a temperature sensor and a controller. The condenser receives the refrigerant from the compressor and the evaporator receives the refrigerant from the condenser. The temperature sensor is positioned proximate the evaporator to measure a temperature of air passing through the evaporator prior to entering a vehicle passenger compartment. The controller is operatively coupled to the compressor to cycle the compressor on and off based upon the temperature measured by the temperature sensor and correlation data stored in the controller that correlates temperatures at the evaporator to estimated moisture densities at the evaporator to maintain the moisture density of the air in the vehicle passenger compartment below a predetermined moisture density threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: Nissan North America, Inc.
    Inventor: Ronald Eisenhour
  • Patent number: 9283513
    Abstract: A fuel vapor treatment device including a casing including a gas passage formed in the casing, a granular adsorbent filled in the gas passage, the granular adsorbent serving to adsorb and desorb fuel vapor, and a desorption promoting structure to promote desorption of the fuel vapor in a central portion of a cross-sectional area of the gas passage as compared to an outer peripheral portion of the cross-sectional area of the gas passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: MAHLE FILTER SYSTEMS JAPAN CORPORATION
    Inventors: Junpei Omichi, Hiroyuki Yoshida
  • Patent number: 9163873
    Abstract: A method and system for producing liquefied and sub-cooled natural gas by means of a refrigeration assembly using a single phase gaseous refrigerant comprising: at least two expanders (1-3); a compressor assembly (5-7); a heat exchanger assembly (8) for heat absorption from natural gas; and a heat rejection assembly (10-12). The novel features according to the present invention are arranging the expanders (1-3) in expander loops; using only one and the same refrigerant in all loops; passing an expanded refrigerant flow from the respective expander into the heat exchanger assembly (8), each being at a mass flow and temperature level adapted to de-superheating, condensation or cooling of dense phase and/or sub-cooling of natural gas; and serving the refrigerant to the respective expander in a compressed flow by means of the compressor assembly having compressors or compressor stages enabling adapted inlet and outlet pressures for the respective expander.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: Wärtsilä Oil & Gas Systems AS
    Inventors: Arne Jakobsen, Carl J. Rummelhoff, Bjorn H. Haukedal
  • Patent number: 9114354
    Abstract: A system and method to recover water from an ambient airstream. Dehumidification of the airstream is also achieved by removal of the water. A device of the system includes a chamber having a group of trays that hold respective amounts of liquid desiccant in each tray. A foam media absorbs the desiccant to increase an exposed surface of the desiccant to the airstream. Fans and valves are used to control airflow through the device. A charge cycle circulates air through the device to remove water vapor from the airstream. A subsequent extraction cycle removes water collected in the liquid desiccant by a condenser communicating with the chamber. A heat source adds heat to the chamber before and/or during the extraction cycle. A controller is used to integrate and manage all system functions and input variables to achieve a high efficiency of operational energy use for water collection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: Z124
    Inventors: James Ball, Charles Becze, Michael J. Flynn, Kean Wing Kin Lam, Richard Teltz
  • Patent number: 9079134
    Abstract: A carbon dioxide separating and capturing apparatus includes: a casing including inner space through which a to-be-treated gas containing carbon dioxide flows; a carbon dioxide adsorbing material disposed in the inner space, the carbon dioxide adsorbing material adsorbing and separating carbon dioxide from the to-be-treated gas flowing through the inner space; and a steam generator configured to generate steam in the inner space and release the steam in the inner space, the steam desorbing and capturing the carbon dioxide adsorbed to the carbon dioxide adsorbing material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventor: Tomoyuki Ogino
  • Publication number: 20150135952
    Abstract: A Temperature Swing Adsorption method for separating a first component, comprising a more adsorbable component, from a feed stream comprising more than 50 mol % of a second component, comprising a less adsorbable component, is provided. The method includes providing an adsorbent structure suitable for adsorbing the first component, the structure being of the parallel passage contactor type, and cyclically implementing the following steps. Passing the feed stream through the adsorbent structure thus adsorbing the first component and producing a stream depleted in the first component and enriched in the second component. Heating the adsorbent structure to desorb the adsorbed first component by means of circulating a heating stream enriched in the first component at a temperature suitable for regeneration. And cooling the structure by means of passing through it more than 50% of the stream enriched in the second component produced in the step a).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme Pour I'Etude et I'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Yudong CHEN, Christian Monereau, Edgar S. Sanders, JR., Pascal Tessier
  • Publication number: 20150099620
    Abstract: A parallel passage fluid contactor structure for chemical reaction processes has one or more segments, where each segment has a plurality of substantially parallel fluid flow passages oriented in an axial direction; cell walls between each adjacent fluid flow passages and each cell wall has at least two opposite cell wall surfaces. The structure also includes at least one active compound in the cell walls and multiple axially continuous conductive filaments either embedded within the cell walls or situated between the cell wall surfaces. The conductive filaments are at least one of thermally and electrically conductive, are oriented in axially, and are in direct contact with the active compound, and are operable to transfer thermal energy between the active material and the conductive filaments. Heating of the conductive filaments may be used to transfer heat to the active material in the cell walls. Methods of manufacturing the structure are discussed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventors: Andre BOULET, Soheil KHIAVI
  • Publication number: 20150059572
    Abstract: A method of capturing and sequestering a gas species from a fossil fuel-fired power plant flue gas is disclosed. The method includes the step of providing an apparatus having a vessel adapted to be pressurized and a hollow fiber membrane contained in the vessel and having a sorbent embedded therein. The method further includes the steps of subjecting the hollow fiber membrane to a flow of flue gas, removing one or more gas species from the flue gas with the hollow fiber membrane, and regenerating the sorbent contained in the hollow fiber membrane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Ramsay Chang, Adam Berger, Abhoyjit Bhown
  • Patent number: 8940077
    Abstract: A method for indirectly monitoring and controlling an electrically resistive adsorption system. Adsorption of a predetermined adsorbate is conducted while indirectly monitoring electrical resistance of a unified adsorbent element. Breakthrough is predicted based upon the indirectly monitored electrical resistance and a previously measured mass loading relationship between the resistance of the unified adsorbent element and the loading of the unified resistance element with the predetermined adsorbate. Adsorption, regeneration and cooling cycles are controlled by a controller without any direct measurement of temperature or resistance of the element and characterizations of mass loading and temperature. Systems of the invention can have no sensors that contact the element, are in an adsorption vessel, and/or are downstream adsorption vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventors: Mark J. Rood, David Johnsen
  • Patent number: 8936669
    Abstract: A temperature swing adsorption system includes a first adsorption bed configured to receive a feed stream and adsorb a contaminant from the feed stream to produce a product stream, a second adsorption bed configured to receive a portion of the product stream and a cooling stream to reduce a temperature of the second adsorption bed, a third adsorption bed configured to receive the heated product stream to increase a temperature of the third adsorption bed; a separation system to separate the cooled product stream into a first component stream and a second component stream, and a fourth adsorption bed configured to receive the first component stream and to enrich an adsorptive concentration of the first component stream. The enriched first component stream is directed to the second adsorption bed to provide the cooling stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Shain-Jer Doong, Christopher B. McIlroy
  • Publication number: 20140366725
    Abstract: High volumetric-efficiency thermally integrated systems for capturing a target gas from a process gas stream include a monolithic body and a distribution system. The monolithic body includes a first plurality of channels and a second plurality of channels each having sorbent surfaces that reversibly adsorb the target gas. The channels are in thermal communication such that heat from an exothermic adsorption of target gas in one plurality of channels is used by an endothermic desorption of target gas from the other plurality of channels. Methods for separating a target gas from a process gas stream include switching the high volumetric-efficiency thermally integrated systems between a first state and a second state. In the first state, the first plurality of channels undergoes desorption while the second undergoes adsorption. In the second state, the second plurality of channels undergoes desorption while the first plurality undergoes adsorption.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 3, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Amit Halder, Steven Bolaji Ogunwumi
  • Patent number: 8900347
    Abstract: A method of temperature swing adsorption allows separation of a first fluid component from a fluid mixture comprising at least the first fluid component in an adsorptive separation system having a parallel passage adsorbent contactor with parallel flow passages having cell walls which include an adsorbent material and axial thermally conductive filaments in direct contact with the adsorbent material. The method provides for transferring heat from the heat of adsorption in a countercurrent direction along at least a portion of the filaments during adsorption and transferring heat in either axial direction along the filaments to provide at least a portion of the heat of desorption during a desorption step. A carbon dioxide TSA separation process to separate carbon dioxide from flue gas also includes steps transferring heat from adsorption or for desorption along axial thermally conductive filaments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Inventys Thermal Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Andre Boulet, Soheil Khiavi
  • Publication number: 20140326136
    Abstract: A temperature swing adsorption system includes a first adsorption bed configured to receive a feed stream and adsorb a contaminant from the feed stream to produce a product stream, a second adsorption bed configured to receive a portion of the product stream and a cooling stream to reduce a temperature of the second adsorption bed, a third adsorption bed configured to receive the heated product stream to increase a temperature of the third adsorption bed; a separation system to separate the cooled product stream into a first component stream and a second component stream, and a fourth adsorption bed configured to receive the first component stream and to enrich an adsorptive concentration of the first component stream. The enriched first component stream is directed to the second adsorption bed to provide the cooling stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2013
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Inventors: Shain-Jer Doong, Christopher B. McIlroy
  • Patent number: 8840704
    Abstract: A carbon dioxide separation method and a carbon dioxide separation apparatus capable of maintaining a carbon dioxide adsorption capacity for a long term by collecting an amine compound that evaporates during an operation of the apparatus and reloading the amine compound onto a carbon dioxide adsorbent. An amine collector and an amine aqueous solution preparation device are connected to an adsorbent-packed tank packed with a carbon dioxide adsorbent. An amine compound that evaporates from the carbon dioxide adsorbent during an operation of the apparatus is collected by the amine collector into the amine aqueous solution preparation device. The collected amine compound is reloaded onto the carbon dioxide adsorbent via a supply line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Takatoshi Shoji, Akira Kimura, Teruo Kishimoto
  • Patent number: 8814986
    Abstract: A protected solid adsorbent is disclosed that includes a solid adsorbent substrate and a surface layer at least partially coating the solid adsorbent substrate, the surface layer being generally permeable to an active agent. Additionally, a process for protecting a solid adsorbent and an adsorption system that includes a vessel containing the protected solid adsorbent is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Egineering Company
    Inventors: Mohsen S Yeganeh, Bhupender S. Minhas, Tahmid I Mizan, Sufang Zhao, Richard W. Flynn
  • Patent number: 8784534
    Abstract: A pressure-temperature swing adsorption process for the removal of a target species, such as an acid gas, from a gas mixture, such as a natural gas stream. Herein, a novel multi-step temperature swing/pressure swing adsorption is utilized to operate while maintaining very high purity levels of contaminant removal from a product stream. The present process is particularly effective and beneficial in removing contaminants such as CO2 and/or H2S from a natural gas at high adsorption pressures (e.g., at least 500 psig) to create product streams of very high purity (i.e., very low contaminant levels).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Exxonmobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Preeti Kamakoti, Daniel P. Leta, Harry W. Deckman, Peter I. Ravikovitch, Thomas N. Anderson
  • Patent number: 8784535
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a pressure-temperature swing adsorption process wherein gaseous components that have been adsorbed can be recovered from the adsorbent bed at elevated pressures. In particular, the present invention relates to a pressure-temperature swing adsorption process for the separation of C2+ hydrocarbons (hydrocarbons with at least 2 carbon atoms) from natural gas streams to obtain a high purity methane product stream. In more preferred embodiments of the present processes, the processes may be used to obtain multiple, high purity hydrocarbon product streams from natural gas stream feeds resulting in a chromatographic-like fractionation with recovery of high purity individual gaseous component streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Peter I. Ravikovitch, Robert A. Johnson, Harry W. Deckman, Thomas N. Anderson
  • Patent number: 8784533
    Abstract: A temperature swing adsorption process for the removal of a target species, such as an acid gas, from a gas mixture, such as a natural gas stream. Herein, a novel multi-step temperature swing/pressure swing adsorption is utilized to operate while maintaining very high purity levels of contaminant removal from a product stream. The present process is particularly effective and beneficial in removing contaminants such as CO2 and/or H2S from a natural gas at relatively high adsorption pressures (e.g., at least 500 psig) to create product streams of very high purity (i.e., very low contaminant levels).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Daniel P. Leta, Preeti Kamakoti, Harry W. Deckman, Peter I. Ravikovitch, Thomas N. Anderson
  • Publication number: 20140190349
    Abstract: In a dehydration equipment, a regenerative gas heater heats a portion of CO2 gas dehydrated in an adsorption tower that is performing an adsorption process and supplies the gas to an adsorption tower that is performing a regeneration process. A regenerative gas preheater performs heat exchange between the CO2 gas that will be supplied to a regenerative gas heater and the CO2 gas sent out from the adsorption tower that is performing the regeneration process. Then, in the dehydration equipment, a regenerative gas cooler cools the CO2 gas that has been sent out from the adsorption tower that is performing the regeneration process and exchanged heat, separates water from the cooled CO2 gas, and returns the resulting gas to the adsorption tower. Thus, the dehydration equipment can prevent an increase in utility consumption due to the regeneration process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 9, 2013
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicant: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Masayuki Inui, Takahito Yonekawa, Koji Nakayama, Tatsuya Tsujiuchi, Yoshiki Sorimachi
  • Patent number: 8728207
    Abstract: In the method according to the invention for separating mercury from waste gases of a cement production process, the mercury is sorbed on a sorbent, the sorbent is subsequently discharged from the process and supplied to a discharge reactor which is operated with a carrier gas. The sorbent is heated there to temperatures of more than 250° C. so that the mercury is discharged from the sorbent and changed into the gas phase, the gas of the discharge reactor that has accumulated mercury subsequently having the dust removed from it in a preliminary dust removal device, and only a part-flow of the gas which has been enriched and had the dust removed from it in this manner being drawn off at high temperatures and cleaned in a subsequent sorption stage, whilst the remaining part-flow is brought to the temperature required for the discharge of the mercury in the discharge reactor in a heat transfer system and is again supplied as a carrier gas to the discharge reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Inventors: Dietmar Schulz, Ludger Brentrup, Karl Menzel, Reinhard Beilmann, Detlev Kupper, Mark Terry
  • Patent number: 8702851
    Abstract: A heat exchanger is provided and includes a frame defining a volumetric body with substantially flat upper and lower sides, heat exchange elements disposed within an interior of the body, sorbent material disposed among the heat exchange elements within the interior of the body, retainer screens disposed at upper and lower sides of the heat exchange elements and sorbent material and structural foam layers supportively disposed between the retainer screens and the substantially flat upper and lower sides to absorb loading applied to the retainer screens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Hamilton Sundstrand Space Systems International, Inc.
    Inventor: James R. O'Coin
  • Patent number: 8696802
    Abstract: A heat exchanger is provided and includes a frame defining a volumetric body with substantially flat upper and lower sides that each has inwardly extending ribs defining airflow pathways, heat exchange elements disposed within an interior of the body and partition walls disposed to run perpendicularly with respect to the ribs and to transmit loading between the upper and the lower sides from the ribs and through the interior of the body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Hamilton Sunstrand Space Systems International, Inc.
    Inventor: James R. O'Coin
  • Patent number: 8690990
    Abstract: A pre-purification method of feed air for cryogenic air separation, which includes; (a) an adsorption step wherein a compressed feed air is supplied in an adsorption column, wherein a moisture adsorbent and a carbon dioxide adsorbent are filled in this order from the side where the feed air is introduced in the column, to remove water and carbon dioxide from the feed air; (b) a decompression step wherein pressure in the adsorption column is reduced; (c) a heating step wherein the adsorbents in the decompressed column are heated and regenerated, and the heating step includes a total heating step wherein the moisture adsorbent and the carbon dioxide adsorbent are heated and a partial heating step wherein the moisture adsorbent is heated; (d) a cooling step wherein the adsorbents are cooled by introducing a purge gas, which is not heated, to the adsorption column; and (e) a pressurization step wherein the cooled adsorbents are pressurized by purified air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation
    Inventors: Morimitsu Nakamura, Masato Kawai, Hiroyuki Takei
  • Patent number: 8673059
    Abstract: Novel adsorbent contactors and methods are disclosed herein for use in temperature swing adsorption for gas separation applications, as well as for heat exchange applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Daniel P. Leta, Harry W. Deckman, Peter I. Ravikovitch, Bruce A. Derites
  • Patent number: 8658120
    Abstract: Disclosed is a non-thermofusible phenol resin powder having an average particle diameter of not more than 20 ?m and a single particle ratio of not less than 0.7. This non-thermofusible phenol resin powder preferably has a chlorine content of not more than 500 ppm. This non-thermofusible phenol resin powder is useful as an organic filler for sealing materials for semiconductors and adhesives for semiconductors. The non-thermofusible phenol resin powder is also useful as a precursor of functional carbon materials such as a molecular sieve carbon and a carbon electrode material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Air Water Inc.
    Inventors: Naoto Yoshinaga, Satoshi Ibaraki, Yoshinobu Kodani, Takaomi Ikeda
  • Patent number: 8657926
    Abstract: A device for condensing water includes a container with a plurality of openings and a heat transfer zone arranged in an interior of the container. The heat transfer zone includes a bulk material layer and/or a fiber layer and/or a textile layer and/or a grid layer and/or a lattice layer and/or a perforated plate. The interior of the container is subdivided by the heat transfer zone into a first zone and a second zone. Further, the heat transfer zone has at least in sections an open porosity and/or channels through which process gas can flow from the first zone to the second zone and through which a further process gas in the form of cooling gas can flow in a reverse direction. A permeable region of the heat transfer zone partially includes materials which have a thermal conductivity of more than 20 W(mK)?1 in a temperature range up to 300° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Jürgen Mielke, Klaus Strätz
  • Patent number: 8636829
    Abstract: The invention provides gas purification systems for the recovery and liquefaction of low boiling point organic and inorganic gases, such as methane, propane, CO2, NH3, and chlorofluorocarbons. Many such gases are in the effluent gas of industrial processes and the invention can increase the sustainability and economics of such industrial processes. In a preferred system of the invention, low boiling point gases are adsorbed with a heated activated carbon fiber material maintained at an adsorption temperature during an adsorption cycle. During a low boiling point desorption cycle the activated carbon fiber is heated to a desorption temperature to create a desorption gas stream with concentrated low boiling point gases. The desorption gas stream is actively compressed and/or cooled to condense and liquefy the low boiling point gases, which can then be collected, stored, re-used, sold, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventors: Mark J. Rood, K. James Hay, David Johnsen, Kaitlin Mallouk
  • Patent number: 8628602
    Abstract: An air processing device for a utility vehicle includes a compressor and two air dryer cartridges. The air dryer cartridges are located in two parallel paths. A control unit controls a regeneration of one of said air dryer cartridges independent from a load phase of the other of said air dryer cartridges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Haldex Brake Products GmbH
    Inventor: Siegfried Heer
  • Publication number: 20130340615
    Abstract: Adsorbent compositions useful in adsorption and separation processes are made using silicone-derived binding agents. The adsorbent compositions are made from crystallite aluminosilicate particles bound with silicone-derived binding agents, and optionally small amounts of a clay binder, to form agglomerated crystallite particles and are calcined to volatilize the organic components associated with the silicone-derived binding agents. The agglomerated crystallite particles have superior pore structures and superior crush strengths at low binder concentrations and exhibit enhanced N2 adsorption rates and capacities when used in air separation processes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 20, 2013
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Inventors: Philip Alexander Barrett, Steven John Pontonio, Persefoni Kechagia, Neil Andrew Stephenson, Kerry C. Weston
  • Patent number: 8608832
    Abstract: One ozone concentrating chamber is provided therein with a part of a cooling temperature range where ozone can be selectively condensed or an oxygen gas can be selectively removed by transmission from an ozonized oxygen gas, and a part of a temperature range where condensed ozone can be vaporized, and condensed ozone is vaporized by moving condensed ozone with flow of a fluid or by gravitation to the part where condensed ozone can be vaporized, whereby the ozonized oxygen gas can be increased in concentration. Such a constitution is provided that a particle material 13 for condensation and vaporization filled in the ozone concentrating chambers 11 and 12 has a spherical shape of a special shape with multifaceted planes on side surfaces, or an oxygen transmission membrane 130 capable of selectively transmitting an oxygen gas in an ozone gas is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Toshiba Mitsubishi-Electric Industrial Systems Corporation
    Inventors: Yoichiro Tabata, Tetsuya Saitsu, Yujiro Okihara, Nobuyuki Itoh, Ryohei Ueda, Yasuhiro Tanimura, Koji Ohta
  • Patent number: 8603223
    Abstract: A water desalination system including at least one pair of evaporators, said pair including a high pressure and a low pressure evaporator, each for evaporating saline water to produce water vapor; at least three adsorption beds in selective vapor communication with each evaporator, said adsorption beds arranged to reversibly adsorb the water vapor from the corresponding evaporator; said adsorption beds in selective vapor communication with a condenser, and in heat transfer communication with a heat source for selectively desorbing the adsorbed water vapor; said condenser arranged to condense the water vapor to desalinated water; wherein said system is arranged to sequentially connect, for a pre-determined period, each evaporator to a corresponding adsorption bed, and the heat source to the third bed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: National University of Singapore
    Inventors: Bidyut Baran Saha, Kim Choon Ng, Anutosh Chakraborty, Kyaw Thu
  • Publication number: 20130324397
    Abstract: A durable carbon pyrolyzate adsorbent having reversible sorptive affinity for hydrogen sulfide, and including the following characteristics: (a) a bulk density as measured by ASTM D2854 in a range of from 0.55 g/cc adsorbent to 1.25 g/cc adsorbent; (b) an H2S capacity in a range of from 140 cc H2S/g adsorbent to 250 cc H2S/g adsorbent, at normal conditions (1 atm, 293.15° K); (c) an H2S capacity in a range of from 1.0 cc H2S/g adsorbent to 15.0 cc H2S/g adsorbent, at partial pressure of 0.76 ton (101.3 Pa) (1000 ppm) of H2S at 293.15° K; and (d) a single pellet radial crush strength in a range of from 7 kilopond (kP) to 40 kilopond (kP) as measured by ASTM D4179.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2013
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Applicant: Advanced Technology Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Shaun M. Wilson, Edward A. Sturm, Michael J. Wodjenski, J. Donald Carruthers, Joshua B. Sweeney
  • Publication number: 20130269524
    Abstract: The invention relates to an adsorbent zeolite-based material comprising for 100 mass % an amount different from zero of a zeolite selected from X zeolites or LSX zeolites; the balance up to 100 mass % consisting of an amount different from zero of a cation-exchanged zeolite, said cation-exchanged zeolite being selected from cation-exchanged X zeolites and cation-exchanged LSX zeolites.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 4, 2012
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Applicant: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventor: Christian Monereau
  • Publication number: 20130269523
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the purification by adsorption of a feed flow rich in methane and comprising at least carbon dioxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Inventors: Jean-Marc Bernhardt, Pierre Briend, David Grillot, Elise Renou, Simon Saulquin, Olivier Weitten
  • Patent number: 8535486
    Abstract: A water desalination system includes an evaporator for evaporating saline water to produce water vapor and an adsorption means in selective vapor communication with the evaporator for reversibly adsorbing the water vapor from the evaporator. The adsorption means is in selective vapor communication with a condenser, and desorbing means for desorbing the adsorbed water vapor from the adsorption means for collection by the condenser. The condenser is adapted to condense the water vapor to desalinated water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignees: National University of Singapore, Kyushu University
    Inventors: Kim Choon Ng, Xiao-Lin Wang, Lizhen Gao, Anutosh Chakraborty, Bidyut Baran Saha, Shigeru Koyama, Atsushi Akisawa, Takao Kashiwagi
  • Patent number: 8535416
    Abstract: A method for the purification of a feed gas stream at a pressure ?3 bar, comprising at least 1% by volume of oxygen (O2) and at least 75% by volume of CO2 and mercury, enabling the mercury to be eliminated is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Philippe Court, Arthur Darde, Vladimir Hasanov, Christian Monereau, Serge Moreau, Jean-Pierre Tranier
  • Patent number: 8535423
    Abstract: Methods of purifying hydrogen-containing materials are described. The methods may include the steps of providing a purifier material comprising silica. The silica may be heated at temperature of about 100° C. or more in a dry atmosphere to form activated silica. The activated silica may be contacted with a starting hydrogen-containing material, where the activated silica reduces a concentration of one or more impurity from the starting hydrogen-containing material to form the purified hydrogen-containing material, and where the activated silica does not decompose the purified hydrogen-containing material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Matheson Tri-Gas, Inc.
    Inventors: Tadaharu Watanabe, Mark Raynor, Ade Lau, Hirotaka Mangyo
  • Patent number: 8506679
    Abstract: A water recovery system includes a sorbing bed, a desorbing bed, a heat pump and a controller. The sorbing bed receives a first fluid stream and absorbs and/or adsorbs water from the first fluid stream. The desorbing bed is aligned with and thermally connected to the sorbing bed, and receives a second fluid stream and desorbs water to the second fluid stream. The heat pump is positioned between the sorbing bed and the desorbing bed and transfers heat from the sorbing bed to the desorbing bed. The controller distributes power to the heat pump to maintain an area near the outlet of the desorbing bed at a temperature greater than an area of the sorbing bed aligned with the area near the outlet of the desorbing bed. A method for recovering water from a fluid stream includes directing fluid streams through the described water recovery system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Hamilton Sundstrand Space Systems International, Inc.
    Inventors: Edward W. Hodgson, William G. Papale, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8500887
    Abstract: The present application provides a protected solid adsorbent that includes a solid adsorbent substrate and a surface layer at least partially coating the solid adsorbent substrate, the surface layer being generally permeable to an active agent. Additionally, a process for protecting a solid adsorbent and an adsorption system that includes a vessel containing the protected solid adsorbent is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Mohsen S. Yeganeh, Bhupender S. Minhas, Sufang Zhao, Tahmid I. Mizan, Richard W. Flynn
  • Patent number: 8500853
    Abstract: The invention provides gas purification methods and systems for the recovery and liquefaction of low boiling point organic and inorganic gases, such as methane, propane, CO2, NH3, and chlorofluorocarbons. Many such gases are in the effluent gas of industrial processes and the invention can increase the sustainability and economics of such industrial processes. In a preferred method of the invention, low boiling point gases are adsorbed with a heated activated carbon fiber material maintained at an adsorption temperature during an adsorption cycle. During a low boiling point desorption cycle the activated carbon fiber is heated to a desorption temperature to create a desorption gas stream with concentrated low boiling point gases. The desorption gas stream is actively compressed and/or cooled to condense and liquefy the low boiling point gases, which can then be collected, stored, re-used, sold, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventors: Mark J. Rood, K. James Hay, David Johnsen, Kaitlin Mallouk
  • Patent number: 8500874
    Abstract: One ozone concentrating chamber is provided therein with a part of a cooling temperature range where ozone can be selectively condensed or an oxygen gas can be selectively removed by transmission from an ozonized oxygen gas, and a part of a temperature range where condensed ozone can be vaporized, and condensed ozone is vaporized by moving condensed ozone with flow of a fluid or by gravitation to the part where condensed ozone can be vaporized, whereby the ozonized oxygen gas can be increased in concentration. Such a constitution is provided that a particle material 13 for condensation and vaporization filled in the ozone concentrating chambers 11 and 12 has a spherical shape of a special shape with multifaceted planes on side surfaces, or an oxygen transmission membrane 130 capable of selectively transmitting an oxygen gas in an ozone gas is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Toshiba Mitsubishi-Electric Industrial Systems Corporation
    Inventors: Yoichiro Tabata, Tetsuya Saitsu, Yujiro Okihara, Nobuyuki Itoh, Ryohei Ueda, Yasuhiro Tanimura, Koji Ohta
  • Patent number: 8419826
    Abstract: The invention provides a process for the regeneration of at least one adsorbent bed, comprising at least the steps of: (a) contacting a first adsorbent bed (B1) with a gaseous stream (10) such that at least a portion of adsorbed species in said first adsorbent bed (B1) are released; (b) cooling a second adsorbent bed (B2); wherein a bypass (20) is provided around the second adsorbent bed (B2) and the gaseous stream (10), before contact with the first adsorbent bed (B1), is directed to at least one of (i) the second adsorbent bed (B2), and (ii) the bypass (20) around the second adsorbent bed (B2), wherein the proportion of gaseous stream (10) flowing through the bypass (20) is controlled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Anders Carlsson
  • Patent number: 8414690
    Abstract: Heat-exchangers and biogas conditioners including a heat exchange member disposed between upper and lower flanges of the apparatus in which at least the heat exchange member is formed of a highly thermally conductive material (e.g., at least 50 W/m?K) such as aluminum or aluminum alloy. A bed of zeolite is loaded within the apparatus so as to be in contact with the heat exchange member. The heat exchange member is shaped and configured so that any given location of the zeolite bed is no more than about 3 inches from the heat exchange member comprising the highly thermally conductive material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: Bringham Young University
    Inventors: Jaron C. Hansen, Lee D. Hansen
  • Patent number: 8414691
    Abstract: The system and method for recycling and using the heat from compressed gas produced by a biogas treatment plant. The system includes a biogas cleaning stage and a plurality of compression and heat exchanger stages that allows the heat generated by compressed gases to be harvested. After the heat is harvested, it is delivered to a jacketed vessel containing media used to remove contaminants from the biogas. The media inside the jacketed vessel requires regeneration or stripping of harmful VOCs and other contaminants picked up from the biogas. The system also includes an inert gas generator that creates hot inert gas that is delivered to the jacketed vessel that heats the media located therein to remove contaminants. Because the jacket vessel and the media are simultaneously heated, the system's heat-up time is reduced The system also includes a heat exchanger that partially recovers the heat from the inert gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: ESC Enviroenergy, LLC
    Inventors: Lowell Howard, Jeffrey Wetzel, Ronald Drake
  • Publication number: 20130081539
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods and systems for purifying gases, such as for example semiconductor process gases. The invention more particularly relates to fluid purification methods and systems having improved heat transfer capabilities and controls such that the purified fluid produced from the process contains reduced impurity levels and/or exhibits more uniform concentrations within the final product. In another aspect of the invention, the activation time for adsorbent beds used in such processes and systems can be reduced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2012
    Publication date: April 4, 2013
    Applicant: Praxair Technology, Inc
    Inventor: Praxair Technology, Inc.