Patents Represented by Attorney Henry K. Woodward
  • Patent number: 7211926
    Abstract: Disclosed is an oscillator that relies on redundancy of similar resonators integrated on chip in order to fulfill the requirement of one single quartz resonator. The immediate benefit of that approach compared to quartz technology is the monolithic integration of the reference signal function, implying smaller devices as well as cost and power savings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2007
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Emmanuel P. Quevy, Roger T. Howe
  • Patent number: 6570450
    Abstract: Disclosed is a CMOS transistor amplifier for small RF signals which operates in a Class AB mode. The serially connected P channel and N channel transistors of the CMOS transistor pair have DC bias voltages applied to the control gates, and the small input signal is capacitively coupled to the gates of the CMOS transistor pair. In a preferred embodiment, the DC voltage bias for the P channel transistor is derived from a second P channel transistor which is approximately identical to the first P channel transistor in structure with the second P channel transistor serially connected with the current source and the voltage at the gate/drain of the transistor resistively coupled to the gate of the first P channel transistor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2003
    Assignee: Zeevo, Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher D. Nilson, Thomas G. McKay
  • Patent number: 6565373
    Abstract: A socket for use in testing packaged integrated circuits having leads depending therefrom includes a first member for receiving the integrated package and having a plurality of first holes for receiving leads extending from the package. A second member has a plurality of wires for engaging the leads, each wire being anchored at ends to the second member with an intermediate portion engaging a lead. Each intermediate portion is aligned with a first hole and capable of being flexed out of alignment with the first hole for insertion of an integrated circuit package into the socket. The first member includes a second plurality of holes aligned with the wires of the second member, and an actuator has a plurality of pins arranged to extend into the second plurality of holes for engaging the plurality of wires and flexing the intermediate portions of the wires out of alignment with the first plurality of holes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2003
    Assignee: QualiTau, Inc.
    Inventor: Peter Cuevas
  • Patent number: 6556082
    Abstract: A temperature compensating circuit for use with a current mirror circuit for maintaining a reference current value during temperature variations includes a compensating transistor connected in parallel with a reference current transistor and bias circuitry for biasing the compensating transistor whereby current flows from the reference node to ground through the compensating transistor to remove excess current from the reference transistor when temperature increases. A diode can be included in the bias circuitry for limiting bias current flow when the reference voltage drops below the voltage drop of the diode. An on/off switch circuit can be provided in parallel with the reference current transistor to further reduce reference current in specific applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2003
    Assignee: EiC Corporation
    Inventors: Nanlei Larry Wang, Sarah Xu, Shuo-Yuan Hsiao
  • Patent number: 6552542
    Abstract: A method of oscillating dual-equilibrium steady-state angiography (ODESSA), utilizes a modified steady state free precession (SSFP) pulse sequence. The SSFP sequence is modified such that flowing material reaches a steady state which oscillates between two equilibrium values, while stationary material attains a standard, non-oscillatory steady state. When alternating sequences are employed, subtraction of adjacent echoes results in large, uniform signal from all flowing spins and zero signal from stationary spins. Venous signal can be suppressed based on its reduced T2. ODESSA arterial signal is more than three times as large as that of traditional phase-contrast angiography (PCA) in the same scan time, and also compares favorably with other techniques of MR angiography. Pulse sequences are implemented in 2D, 3D, and volumetric projection modes. Angiograms of the lower leg, generated in as few as 5 s, show high arterial SNR and full suppression of other tissues.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2003
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of The Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventor: William R. Overall
  • Patent number: 6549599
    Abstract: A phase locked loop circuit having a loop filter including a variable resistance for normal loop operation and for fast acquisition has improved stability by defining a loop pole separate from the loop filter. The loop pole remains constant during transition periods of the filter resistance. The loop pole remains constant while loop bandwidth is varied for either phase acquisition or normal operation, and the ratio of bandwidth to pole varies only linearly which makes the phase locked loop more stable during the bandwidth adjustment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2003
    Assignee: Broadcom Corporation
    Inventor: Afshin Momtaz
  • Patent number: 6548869
    Abstract: An RF power device comprising a power transistor fabricated in a first semiconductor chip and a MOSCAP type structure fabricated in a second semiconductor chip. A voltage limiting device is provided for protecting the power transistor from input voltage spikes and is preferably fabricated in the semiconductor chip along with the MOSCAP. Alternatively, the voltage limiting device can be a discrete element fabricated on or adjacent to the capacitor semiconductor chip. By removing the voltage limiting device from the power transistor chip, fabrication and testing of the voltage limiting device is enhanced, and semiconductor area for the power device is increased and aids in flexibility of device fabrication.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2003
    Assignee: Cree Microwave, Inc.
    Inventors: Kenneth P. Brewer, Howard D. Bartlow, Johan A. Darmawan
  • Patent number: 6549090
    Abstract: A coplanar coupler for use with microstrip input and output ports includes a printed circuit substrate in which first and second metal input ports are formed on a top surface and cooperate with a metal layer on the bottom surface as microstrip lines, and first and second metal output ports formed on the top surface which cooperate with the metal layer on the bottom surface as microstrip lines. The metal layer on the bottom surface functions as a ground plane for the input ports and the output ports, the metal layer being removed in a coupler region underlying at least portions of the metal input and output ports and extending therebetween. First and second metal lines are formed on the bottom surface in the coupler region and function as a coplanar coupler for the input and output ports. Electrical vias in the substrate interconnect the ports and the coplanar coupler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2003
    Assignee: Cree Microwave, Inc.
    Inventor: Emil James Crescenzi, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6545707
    Abstract: In a video system in which a video signal source transmits a video signal to a receiver over a transmission line, a method of maintaining a desired voltage level from the video signal source includes the steps of monitoring the level of voltage at the output of the video signal source, and adjusting an input to the video signal source as necessary in order to maintain a desired level of voltage. Thus, when the impedance of the transmission line and receiver change, the output voltage from the video signal source is maintained at a desired level without clipping of the signal when the video signal source is overdriven.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2003
    Assignee: Oak Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Russell Newcomb, Timothy Hu
  • Patent number: 6541976
    Abstract: A metal locating system includes a first transmitter unit and a second receiver detector unit for locating an under and above ground radio frequency driven element such as a pipe. The first unit is a radio frequency transmitter operating at radio frequencies and coupled to the driven element as a loss line antenna. The receiver second unit is a switched diversity antenna connected to a radio FM receiver and a differential phase detection system. When the first unit is driven by the driven element, the second unit is able to detect and trace the position of the driven element relative to the switched diversity antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2003
    Assignee: Geometrics Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Louis Dorren
  • Patent number: 6529002
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for regularized high-order shimming of a magnetic field in an MRI system. In one application a spiral pulse sequence is used to acquire field maps, and based on the user selection a shimming region, a least squares calculation of shim currents is performed that minimizes the root mean square (RMS) value of the B0 in homogeneity-over the volume of interest. The singular value decomposition (SVD) is used to enable regularized methods for solving the least squares problem. The regularization allows arbitrary regions to be shimmed without the divergence of shim currents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of The Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Dong-Hyun Kim, Daniel M. Spielman, Gary H. Glover, Elfar Adalsteinsson
  • Patent number: 6525423
    Abstract: An inexpensive method of providing uniform and consistent spacing between a semiconductor die and a supporting substrate includes providing relatively rigid spacers such as a plurality of lengths of wires or a plurality of bumps on the mounting surface for the chip. The spacers allow a uniform desired spacing of the die from the supporting substrate when attached by an epoxy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2003
    Assignee: Cree Microwave, Inc.
    Inventor: Howard D. Bartlow
  • Patent number: 6521972
    Abstract: An RF microwave power transistor has an input/output feed structure which functions as a low impedance microstrip line by providing a ground plane in close proximity to the feed structure on one surface of a semiconductor body. A second ground plane can be provided on an opposing surface of the semiconductor body with vias interconnecting the first and second ground planes. In addition to reducing feed impedance, a larger total transistor size can be provided before “odd mode oscillation” occurs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2003
    Assignee: EiC Corporation
    Inventors: Wei-Shu Zhou, Shuo-Yuan Hsiao, Nanlei Larry Wang
  • Patent number: 6522201
    Abstract: Efficiency of an RF/microwave power amplifier is increased at a back-off power level by increasing the load resistance of the amplifier at the reduced output power level as compared to load impedance at a higher power level including full operating power. The different load impedances can be realized with two amplification units in parallel each having different load impedances. Alternatively, a single amplification path can be provided with an output impedance matching network which is selectively bypassed for increased impedance load during back-off power operation. In another embodiment, the output impedance matching network can include a shunt inductance which is selectively switched into the network to increase impedance for back-off power operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2003
    Assignee: EiC Corporation
    Inventors: Shuo-Yuan Hsiao, Wei-Shu Zhou, Nanlei Y Larry Wang
  • Patent number: 6515330
    Abstract: A semiconductor current limiting device is provided by a two-terminal vertical N(P)-channel MOSFET device having the gate, body, and source terminals tied together as the anode and the drain terminal as the cathode. The doping profile of the body is so tailored with ion implantation that a depletion region pinches off to limit current. The body comprises a shallow implant to form a MOS channel and an additional deep implant through a spacer shielding the channel area. Implanted a higher energies and at an acute angle, the deep implant protrudes into the regular current path of the vertical MOSFET.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2003
    Assignee: APD Semiconductor, Inc.
    Inventors: Gary M. Hurtz, Vladimir Rodov, Geeng-Chuan Chern, Paul Chang, Ching-Lang Chiang
  • Patent number: 6506648
    Abstract: Methods of fabricating a high power RF lateral diffused MOS transistor (LDMOS) having increased reliability includes fabricating an N-drift region for the drain prior to fabrication of the gate contact and other process steps in fabricating the transistor. The resulting device has reduced adverse affects from hot carrier injection including reduced threshold voltage shift over time and reduced maximum current reduction over time. Linearity of device is maximized along with increased reliability while channel length is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2003
    Assignee: Cree Microwave, Inc.
    Inventors: Francois Hebert, Szehim Daniel Ng
  • Patent number: 6471651
    Abstract: A portable ultrasonic diagnostic instrument including an array transducer, a beamformer, signal processing and imaging circuitry, and a display for the processed echo signals operates on no more than 25 watts of electrical power. Circuit functions can be selecting attend depending on mode of operation of the instrument to thereby reduce power consumption. Further, a power monitor and control can monitor electrical current from a battery power source, and when power consumption reaches a pre-determined level the power monitor and control further alters one or more functional units in the instrument including display mode of operation, clock frequency for analog to digital conversion and signal processing, color signal processing, and 3D signal processing. Power consumption can be monitored against two or more pre-determined levels wherein instrument functional units or mode of operation are altered depending on which level of power consumption has been reached.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2002
    Assignee: SonoSite, Inc.
    Inventors: Juin-Jet Hwang, Justin M. Coughlin, Davin Dhatt, Geoffrey Jones, Blake W. Little
  • Patent number: 6463315
    Abstract: A method of detecting a neurological disorder such as dyslexia includes the steps of measuring microstructure of cerebral white matter, and correlating the microstructure to the presence of the neurological disorder. For dyslexia, the white matter is confined to temporo-parietal white matter. The microstructure is measured by determining cerebral white matter anisotropy using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2002
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Torkel Klingberg, Maj Hedehus, John D. E. Gabrieli, Michael E. Moseley, Russell A. Poldrack
  • Patent number: 6452387
    Abstract: A steady-state condition for tipped nuclear spins is accelerated or catalyzed by first determining magnetization magnitude of the steady state and the scaling magnetization along one axis (Mz) to at least approximate the determined magnetization magnitude. Then the scaled magnetization is rotated to coincide with a real-valued eigenvector extension of the tipped steady-state magnetization. Any error vector will then decay to the steady-state condition without oscillation. In one embodiment, the magnetic resonance imaging utilizes steady-state free precession (SSFP). The scaling and rotating steps are followed by the steps of applying read-out magnetic gradients and detecting magnetic resonance signals from the tipped nuclear spins. The magnetization magnitude is determined by eigenvector analysis, and the eigenvector extension is a real-valued eigenvector determined in the analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2002
    Assignee: Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Brain A. Hargreaves, Shreyas Vasanawala, John M. Pauly, Dwight G. Nishimura
  • Patent number: 6449322
    Abstract: A fast algorithm for performing maximum likelihood detection of data symbols transmitted as phases of a carrier signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2002
    Assignee: Stanford Telecommunications, Inc.
    Inventor: Ken Mackenthun