Patents Represented by Attorney Jerry J. Yetter
  • Patent number: 5478489
    Abstract: The present invention relates to dye transfer inhibiting compositions comprising: a) a polymer selected from polyamine N-oxide containing polymers which contain a polymersiable unit, whereto the N-O group can be attached to or wherein the N-O group forms part of the polymersiable unit or a combination of both; and a moiety which can be an aliphatic, ethoxylated aliphatic, aromatic, heterocyclic or allcyclic groups or any combination thereof whereto the nitrogen of the N-O group can be attached or wherein the nitrogen of the N-O group form part of these groups; a preferred polymer is poly(4-vinylpyridine-N-oxide); and b) a bleaching agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 26, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Abdennaceur Fredj, James P. Johnston, Christiaan A. J. Thoen
  • Patent number: 5475134
    Abstract: An improved process for the production of sulfonated fatty acid alkyl ester surfactants containing low levels of impurities including disalt and dimethyl sulfate (DMS) impurities, said process comprising sulfonating fatty acid alkyl esters, forming a substantially anhydrous alkoxide solution, over-neutralizing to a pH of at least about 10 with the alkoxide solution, and re-neutralizing to a pH of about 5 to about 9. The substantially anhydrous alkoxide solution is formed by combining an alkoxide solution containing an alkoxide of the formula (RO.sup.-).sub.n M.sup.n+, a C.sub.1 to C.sub.8 alcohol, and no more than 1% by weight water with a sacrificial ester of the formula R.sup.1 COOR.sup.2, wherein the molar ratio of the sacrificial ester to water is from about 0.5:1 to about 2:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 12, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Co.
    Inventor: Keith H. Baker
  • Patent number: 5474576
    Abstract: A dye transfer inhibiting compositions are disclosed, comprising:A. an metallo catalyst selected froma) metallo porphin and water-soluble or water-dispersable derivatives thereof;b) metallo porphyrin and water-soluble or water-dispersable derivatives thereof;c) metallo phthalocyanine and water-soluble or water-dispersable derivatives thereof;B. an amine base catalyst stabilizer capable of binding to the 5th ligand of the metallo catalyst.C. an enzymatic system capable of generating hydrogen peroxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 12, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Christiaan A. J. K. Thoen, Adbennaceur Fredj, Regine Labeque
  • Patent number: 5470507
    Abstract: The present invention relates to dye transfer inhibiting compositions comprising: a) a polymer selected from polyamine N-oxide containing polymers which contain units having structure formula (I), wherein P is a polymerisable unit, whereto the N--O group can be attached to or wherein the N--O group forms part of the polymerisable unit or a combination of both; A is (a), (b), (c), --O--, --S--, (d); x is O or 1; R are aliphatic, ethoxylated aliphatic, aromatic, heterocyclic or alicyclic groups or any combination thereof whereto the nitrogen of the N--O group can be attached or wherein the nitrogen of the N--O group forms part of these groups; b) a polymeric dispersing agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 28, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Co.
    Inventors: Abdennaceur Fredj, James P. Johnston, Christiaan A. J. Thoen
  • Patent number: 5466394
    Abstract: Heavy duty liquid detergent compositions containing an anionic surfactant component and a quaternary ammonium fabric-softening agent of the formula ##STR1## The anionic surfactant component comprises, by weight of the composition, from about 5% to 40% of alkyl polyethoxylate sulfates and no more than about 5% of alkyl benzene sulfonates. The compositions are substantially clear and isotropic, provide excellent cleaning of soils and provide softening through the wash and anti-static benefits. The compositions preferably also contain a fatty acid component, ethoxylated nonionic surfactant, a detergent builder and enzymes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Co.
    Inventors: Francesco de Buzzaccarini, Timothy J. Farwick, Yueqian Zhen
  • Patent number: 5462963
    Abstract: The present invention involves photoprotective compositions which are useful for topical application to prevent damage to skin caused by acute or chronic exposure to ultraviolet light comprising chelating agents having the structure: ##STR1## wherein each --R.sup.1 is independently selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycle, or the --R.sup.1 's are covalently bonded together to form a cyclic alkyl or heterocyclic ring; --R.sup.2 and --R.sup.3 are --OR.sup.4, in which case there is no bond or a polar bond between --R.sup.2 and the nitrogen covalently bonded to --R.sup.3, each --R.sup.4 being independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl and aryl, except that both --R.sup.4 's are not methyl when both --R.sup.1 's are furyl; or --R.sup.2 is --O-- and is covalently bonded to the nitrogen which is covalently bonded to --R.sup.3, and --R.sup.3 is --O-- (there being a + charge on the nitrogen to which it is bonded) or nil;wherein the .alpha.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 31, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Rodney D. Bush, Donald L. Bissett
  • Patent number: 5460747
    Abstract: Bleaching compositions, laundry and automatic dishwashing detergent compositions comprising multiple-substituted bleach activators which have at least one quaternary nitrogen atom, are provided. More specifically, the invention relates to compositions which provide enhanced cleaning/bleaching benefits though the selection of multiple-substituted quaternary bleach activators having specific leaving groups with a conjugate acid aqueous pK.sub.a above 13 and with advantageous ratios of rate of perhydrolysis to rate of hydrolysis and of rate of perhydrolysis to rate of diacylperoxide production. Included are preferred activator compounds and methods for washing fabrics, hard surfaces, and tableware using the activators.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 24, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Co.
    Inventors: Eugene P. Gosselink, Gregory S. Miracle, Alan D. Willey, Michael E. Burns, Kevin L. Kott, Mark R. Sivik, Lucille F. Taylor
  • Patent number: 5460752
    Abstract: The present invention relates to inhibiting dye transfer compositions comprisinga) a polymer selected from polyamine N-oxide containing polymers which contain units having the following structure formula: ##STR1## wherein P is a polymerizable unit, whereto the N--O group can be attached to or wherein the N--O group forms part of the polymerizable unit or a combination of both.A is ##STR2## X is or 0 or 1; R are aliphatic, ethoxylated aliphatics, aromatic, heterocyclic or alicyclic groups or any combination thereof whereto the nitrogen of the N--O group can be attached or wherein the nitrogen of the N--O group form part of these groups.b) a builder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 24, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Co.
    Inventors: Abdennaceur Fredj, James P. Johnston, Christian A. J. Thoen
  • Patent number: 5458810
    Abstract: The present invention relates to inhibiting dye transfer compositions comprising polyamine N-oxide polymers which contain units having the following structure formula: ##STR1## wherein P is a polymerizable unit, whereto the N--group can be attached to or wherein the N--O group forms part of the polymerizable unit or a combination of both. ##STR2## R are aliphatic, ethoxylated aliphatics, aromatic, heterocyclic or alicyclic groups or any combination thereof whereto the nitrogen of the N--O group can be attached or wherein the nitrogen of the N--O group form part of these groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 17, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Co.
    Inventors: Abdennaceur Fredj, James P. Johnston, Christiaan A. J. Thoen, Regine Labeque
  • Patent number: 5458809
    Abstract: The present invention relates to dye transfer inhibiting compositions comprising: a) a polymer selected from polyamine N-oxide containing polymers which contain units having the structure formula (I), wherein P is a polymerizable unit, whereto the N--O group can be attached to or wherein the N--O group forms part of the polymerizable unit or a combination of both; A is (a), (b), (c), --O--, --S--, (d); x is =0 or 1; R are aliphatic, ethoxylated aliphatic, aromatic, heterocyclic or alicyclic groups or any combination thereof whereto the nitrogen of the N--O group can be attached or wherein the nitrogen of the N--O group form part of these groups; b) a surfactant system comprising a surfactant selected from nonionic and/or anionic and/or cationic and/or ampholytic and/or zwitterionic and/or semi-polar surfactants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 17, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Co.
    Inventors: Abdennaceur Fredj, James P. Johnston, Christiaan A. J. Thoen
  • Patent number: 5456855
    Abstract: The present invention provides stable, free-flowing foam-control agent in granular form, comprising a silicone antifoam compound, a carrier material, an organic coating material, characterized in, that they contain glycerol, at a weight ratio with the silicone antifoam compound of 1:4 to 2:1. The present invention also provides detergent compositions containing said foam control agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 10, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventor: Marcel J. J. De Cupere
  • Patent number: 5454982
    Abstract: Disclosed is a detergent composition comprising at least about 1% by weight, preferably at least about 3%, of a polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactant of the formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 is H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 hydrocarbyl, 2-hydroxy ethyl, or 2-hydroxy propyl, R.sup.2 is C.sub.7 -C.sub.31 hydrocarbyl, and Z is polyhydroxyhydrocarbyl having a linear hydrocarbyl chain with at least 3 hydroxyls directly connected to the chain, or alkoxylated derivatives thereof; and at least about 1%, by weight, preferably at least about 3%, of an alkyl ester sulfonate surfactant of the formula: ##STR2## wherein R.sup.3 is C.sub.8 -C.sub.20 hydrocarbyl, R.sup.4 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 hydrocathyl, and M is a soluble salt-forming cation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 3, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Bruce P. Murch, Mark H. K. Mao
  • Patent number: 5454981
    Abstract: Thickened liquid detergent compositions are prepared using N-hydroxyalkyl succinimide compounds as the thickening agent. Stable compositions at acidic pH's are used to remove lime scale from bathroom tile surfaces. Thus, octyl-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-succinimide is prepared by the reaction of N-octylsuccinic anhydride and monoethanolamine and combined with magnesium C.sub.12 alkyl sulfate and citric acid at a pH around 2 in a water carrier and used to remove lime scale from environmental surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 3, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Alan E. Sherry, Daniel S. Connor
  • Patent number: 5451354
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for making a free flowing granular detergent comprising: conditioning of an aqueous surfactant paste having a detergency activity of at least 40%; rapidly forming a uniform stiff paste from said mix at a paste temperature of from 20.degree. to 90.degree. C.; granulating said paste upon mixing with a dry detergent powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 19, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Co.
    Inventors: Yousef G. Aouad, Lucas Goovaerts, Jose L. Vega
  • Patent number: 5451337
    Abstract: Dye transfer inhibiting systems are disclosed, comprising an enzyme exhibiting peroxidase activity, a hydrogen peroxide source, an additional oxidizable substrate, and a accelerator preferably having the formula ##STR1## wherein X is S or O and R.sub.1 is --CH.sub.3, --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.3, --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 NH.sub.2, or --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 COOHDetergent compositions containing the dye transfer inhibition system and typical detergent ingredients are also disclosed. More effective and efficient dye transer inhibition of fugitive dyes is achieved by using the dye transfer inhibition system as an detergent additive or in a detergent composition matrix.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 19, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Co.
    Inventors: Don K. K. Liu, Andre C. Convents
  • Patent number: 5445755
    Abstract: Dye transfer inhibiting systems are disclosed, comprising an enzyme exhibiting peroxidase activity, a hydrogen peroxide source, an additional oxidizable substrate, and an accelerator preferably having the formula ##STR1## Detergent compositions free of linear alkylbenzenesulfonate containing the dye transfer inhibition system and typical detergent ingredients are also disclosed. More effective and efficient dye transfer inhibition of fugitive dyes is achieved by using the dye transfer inhibition system as a detergent additive or in a detergent composition matrix free of linear alkylbenzenesulfonate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 29, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Andre C. Convents, Alfred Busch, Isabelle M. C. De Groote, Don K. K. Liu
  • Patent number: 5445651
    Abstract: Dye transfer inhibiting compositions are disclosed, comprising: (A) a metallo catalyst selected from (a) metallo porphin and water-soluble or water-dispersible derivatives thereof; (b) metallo porphyrin and water-soluble or water-dispersible derviatives thereof; (c) metallo phthalocyanine and water-soluble or water-dispersible derivatives thereof; (B) an enzyme oxidation scavenger, (C) an enzymatic system capable of generating hydrogen peroxide, and (D) an enzyme, preferably selected from protease, lipase, amylase, and cellulase. The enzyme oxidation scavenger (B) operates to stabilize and protect the enzymes (D) from loss of activity in the wash.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 29, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Christiaan A. J. K. Thoen, Adbennaceur Fredj, James P. Johnston
  • Patent number: 5445756
    Abstract: Stable liquid detergent compositions comprising bleach, a solid water-soluble peroxygen compound, such as perborate and percarbonate, surfactant, builder, and hydrophobic silica as a suspending aid are provided. The water-soluble peroxygen compound is suspended in the liquid phase which contains water and water-miscible organic solvent. Less than one tenth of the peroxygen compound is dissolved in the liquid phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 29, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Gazeau Didier, Christiaan A. Thoen
  • Patent number: H1513
    Abstract: Detergent compositions comprise oleoyl sarcosinate and polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants which, together, provide compositions with improved cleaning performance and good solubility. Thus, oleoyl sarcosinate is combined with C.sub.10 -C.sub.18 N-methyl glucamide and builders, enzymes and other detersive ingredients to provide a laundry detergent. Use of this mixture of surfactants in dishwashing detergents is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 2, 1996
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Bruce P. Murch, Rajan K. Panandiker, James M. Vander Meer, Jing-Feng You, Jean-Pol Boutique
  • Patent number: H1514
    Abstract: The present invention provides a deterent composition comprising:(a) at least 0.1% of an oleoyl sarconsinate of the formula: ##STR1## wherein M is hydrogen or a cationic moiety; and (b) from about 0.05% to about 15% of a polymeric dispersing agent selected from the group selected from the group consisting of polycarboxylates, polyethylene glycol polymers, polyaspartates and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 2, 1996
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Kenneth W. Willman, James M. Vander Meer