Patents Represented by Attorney Paul A. Gottlieb
  • Patent number: 6830738
    Abstract: The synthesis of actinide tetraborides including uranium tetraboride (UB4), plutonium tetraboride (PuB4) and thorium tetraboride (ThB4) by a solid-state metathesis reaction are demonstrated. The present method significantly lowers the temperature required to ≦850° C. As an example, when UCl4 is reacted with an excess of MgB2, at 850° C., crystalline UB4 is formed. Powder X-ray diffraction and ICP-AES data support the reduction of UCl3 as the initial step in the reaction. The UB4 product is purified by washing water and drying.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Anthony J. Lupinetti, Eduardo Garcia, Kent D. Abney
  • Patent number: 6827296
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method an apparatus for atomizing liquids. In particular, the present invention relates to a method and apparatus for atomizing heavy hydrocarbon fuels such as diesel, as part of a fuel reforming process. During normal operating conditions the fuel is atomized by a high pressure fluid. Under start-up conditions when only a low pressure gas is available the fuel films across part of the nozzle and is subsequently atomized by a radially directed low pressure dispersion gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Vincent J. Novick, Rajesh K. Ahluwalia
  • Patent number: 6823034
    Abstract: A canister is provided for storing, transporting, and/or disposing of spent nuclear fuel. The canister includes a canister shell, a top shield plug disposed within the canister, and a leak-tight closure arrangement. The closure arrangement includes a shear ring which forms a containment boundary of the canister, and which is welded to the canister shell and top shield plug. An outer seal plate, forming an outer seal, is disposed above the shear ring and is welded to the shield plug and the canister.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Marvin J. Doman
  • Patent number: 6819962
    Abstract: An automated process defines and maintains connectivity regions within a dynamic network. The automated process requires an initial input of a network component around which a connectivity region will be defined. The process automatically and autonomously generates a region around the initial input, stores the region's definition, and monitors the network for a change. Upon detecting a change in the network, the effect is evaluated, and if necessary the regions are adjusted and redefined to accommodate the change. Only those regions of the network affected by the change will be updated. This process eliminates the need for an operator to manually evaluate connectivity regions within a network. Since the automated process maintains the network, the reliance on an operator is minimized; thus, reducing the potential for operator error. This combination of region maintenance and reduced operator reliance, results in a reduction of overall error.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: David A. Bailey
  • Patent number: 6815386
    Abstract: A high-chromium refractory material that provides improved resistance to coal slag penetration is presented. The refractory mixture comprises a blend of chromium oxide, aluminum oxide and phosphates. The refractory mixture may be blended with an aggregate and cured. In addition a phosphorous oxide may be blended with chromium oxide and aluminum oxide and additionally an aggregate. The refractory mixture reduces the rate of coal slag penetration into the surface of the cured refractory.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2004
    Inventors: Kyei-Sing Kwong, Cynthia P. Dogan, James P. Bennett, Richard E. Chinn, Arthur V. Petty
  • Patent number: 6802643
    Abstract: A self-anchoring mast for deploying a high-speed submersible mixer in a tank includes operably connected first and second mast members (20, 22) and a foot member 46 operably connected to the second mast member for supporting the mast in a tank. The second mast member includes a track (36, 38) for slidably receiving a bearing of the mixer to change the orientation of the mixer in the tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Joseph E. Cato, Jr., Paul M. Shearer, Philip O. Rodwell
  • Patent number: 6800262
    Abstract: The subject apparatus provides a means to produce UCl3 in large quantities without incurring corrosion of the containment vessel or associated apparatus. Gaseous Cl is injected into a lower layer of Cd where CdCl2 is formed. Due to is lower density, the CdCl2 rises through the Cd layer into a layer of molten LiCl—KCL salt where a rotatable basket containing uranium ingots is suspended. The CdCl2 reacts with the uranium to form UCl3 and Cd. Due to density differences, the Cd sinks down to the liquid Cd layer and is reused. The UCl3 combines with the molten salt. During production the temperature is maintained at about 600° C. while after the uranium has been depleted the salt temperature is lowered, the molten salt is pressure siphoned from the vessel, and the salt product LiCl—KCl-30 mol % UCl3 is solidified.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: William E. Miller, Zygmunt Tomczuk
  • Patent number: 6793910
    Abstract: The invention provides a method and apparatus for producing a synthesis gas from a variety of hydrocarbons. The apparatus (device) consists of a semi-batch, non-constant volume reactor to generate a synthesis gas. While the apparatus feeds mixtures of air, steam, and hydrocarbons into a cylinder where work is performed on the fluid by a piston to adiabatically raise its temperature without heat transfer from an external source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Inventors: K. David Lyons, Robert James, David A. Berry, Todd Gardner
  • Patent number: 6772635
    Abstract: An apparatus for remote delivery and manipulation of a miniature tool adjacent a work piece in a restricted space, includes a tool carrier, a carriage for manipulating the tool carrier relative to the work piece, a first actuator for operating the carriage, and an optional remote secondary operating actuator for operating the first actuator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Christopher H. Sale, Daniel R. Kaltenbaugh
  • Patent number: 6774635
    Abstract: A video toroid cavity imager for in situ measurement of electrochemical properties of an electrolytic material sample includes a cylindrical toroid cavity resonator containing the sample and employs NMR and video imaging for providing high-resolution spectral and visual information of molecular characteristics of the sample on a real-time basis. A large magnetic field is applied to the sample under controlled temperature and pressure conditions to simultaneously provide NMR spectroscopy and video imaging capabilities for investigating electrochemical transformations of materials or the evolution of long-range molecular aggregation during cooling of hydrocarbon melts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Rex E. Gerald, II, Jairo Sanchez, Jerome W. Rathke
  • Patent number: 6767444
    Abstract: A new process for recycling spent nuclear fuels, in particular, mixed nitrides of transuranic elements and zirconium. The process consists of two electrorefiner cells in series configuration. A transuranic element such as plutonium is reduced at the cathode in the first cell, zirconium at the cathode in the second cell, and nitrogen-15 is released and captured for reuse to make transuranic and zirconium nitrides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: William E. Miller, Michael K. Richmann
  • Patent number: 6767468
    Abstract: A process for removing uranium/vanadium-based contaminants from groundwater using a primary in-ground treatment media and a pretreatment media that chemically adjusts the groundwater contaminant to provide for optimum treatment by the primary treatment media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Donald R. Metzler, Stanley Morrison
  • Patent number: 6764620
    Abstract: A method for reaction forming refractory metal carbides. The method involves the fabrication of a glassy carbon preform by casting an organic, resin-based liquid mixture into a mold and subsequently heat treating it in two steps, which cures and pyrolizes the resin resulting in a porous carbon preform. By varying the amounts of the constituents in the organic, resin-based liquid mixture, control over the density of the carbon preform is obtained. Control of the density and microstructure of the carbon preform allows for determination of the microstructure and properties of the refractory metal carbide material produced. The glassy carbon preform is placed on a bed of refractory metal or refractory metal—silicon alloy. The pieces are heated above the melting point of the metal or alloy. The molten metal wicks inside the porous carbon preform and reacts, forming the refractory metal carbide or refractory metal carbide plus a minor secondary phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Marc N. Palmisiano, Kevin J. Jakubenas, Rita Baranwal
  • Patent number: 6765214
    Abstract: A radiation dosimeter providing an indication of the dose of radiation to which the radiation sensor has been exposed. The dosimeter contains features enabling the monitoring and evaluating of radiological risks so that a user can concentrate on the task at hand. The dosimeter provides an audible alarm indication that a predetermined time period has elapsed, an audible alarm indication reminding the user to check the dosimeter indication periodically, an audible alarm indicating that a predetermined accumulated dose has been prematurely reached, and an audible alarm indication prior or to reaching the ¾ scale point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: William J. Kosslow, Gregory S. Bandzuch
  • Patent number: 6761761
    Abstract: A ceramic composition having at least one nanometric ceramic powder, at least one lower saccharide, and water. The composition is useful in many industrial applications, including preparation of stronger and substantially defect-free green and sintered ceramic bodies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Christopher H. Schilling, Piotr Tomasik, Marek Sikora
  • Patent number: 6761862
    Abstract: The method of determining the extent to which a nickel structure has been attacked by a halogen containing gas to which it has been exposed which comprises preparing a quantity of water substantially free from dissolved oxygen, passing ammonia gas through a cuprammonium solution to produce ammonia substantially free from oxygen, dissolving said oxygen-free ammonia in said water to produce a saturated aqueous ammonia solution free from uncombined oxygen, treating at least a portion of said nickel structure of predetermined weight with said solution to dissolve nickel compounds from the surface of said structure without dissolving an appreciable amount of said nickel and analyzing the resulting solution to determine the quantity of said nickel compounds that was associated with said said portion of said structure to determine the proportion of combined nickel in said nickel structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1945
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: James P. Brusie
  • Patent number: 6760396
    Abstract: The method of protectively coating metallic uranium which comprises dipping the metallic uranium in a molten alloy comprising about 20-75% of copper and about 80-25% of tin, dipping the coated uranium promptly into molten tin, withdrawing it from the molten tin and removing excess molten metal, thereupon dipping it into a molten metal bath comprising aluminum until it is coated with this metal, then promptly withdrawing it from the bath.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 1946
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Ernest R. Boller, Lowell D. Eubank
  • Patent number: 6752007
    Abstract: An horizontal advanced tensiometer is described that allows the monitoring of the water pressure of soil positions, particularly beneath objects or materials that inhibit the use of previous monitoring wells. The tensiometer includes a porous cup, a pressure transducer (with an attached gasket device), an adaptive chamber, at least one outer guide tube which allows access to the desired horizontal position, a transducer wire, a data logger and preferably an inner guide tube and a specialized joint which provides pressure on the inner guide tube to maintain the seal between the gasket of the transducer and the adaptive chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Joel M. Hubbell, James B. Sisson
  • Patent number: 6753741
    Abstract: Dynamic time expansion or compression of a small-amplitude input signal generated with an initial scale is performed using a nonlinear waveguide. A nonlinear waveguide having a variable refractive index is connected to a bias voltage source having a bias signal amplitude that is large relative to the input signal to vary the reflective index and concomitant speed of propagation of the nonlinear waveguide and an electrical circuit for applying the small-amplitude signal and the large amplitude bias signal simultaneously to the nonlinear waveguide. The large amplitude bias signal with the input signal alters the speed of propagation of the small-amplitude signal with time in the nonlinear waveguide to expand or contract the initial time scale of the small-amplitude input signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Alp T. Findikoglu, Sangkoo F. Hahn, Quanxi Jia
  • Patent number: 6751288
    Abstract: A detector for time-resolved small-angle x-ray scattering includes a nearly constant diameter, evacuated linear tube having an end plate detector with a first fluorescent screen and concentric rings of first fiber optic bundles for low angle scattering detection and an annular detector having a second fluorescent screen and second fiber optic bundles concentrically disposed about the tube for higher angle scattering detection. With the scattering source, i.e., the specimen under investigation, located outside of the evacuated tube on the tube's longitudinal axis, scattered x-rays are detected by the fiber optic bundles, to each of which is coupled a respective photodetector, to provide a measurement resolution, i.e., dq/q, where q is the momentum transferred from an incident x-ray to an x-ray scattering specimen, of 2% over two (2) orders of magnitude in reciprocal space, i.e., qmax/qmin≅100.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Jan P. Hessler