Patents Represented by Attorney Paul A. Gottlieb
  • Patent number: 6498282
    Abstract: A method of processing spent aluminum pot liner containing carbon, cyanide compositions, fluorides and inorganic oxides. The spent aluminum pot liner is crushed iron oxide is added to form an agglomerated material. The agglomerated material is melted in an electric arc furnace having the electrodes submerged in the molten material to provide a reducing environment during the furnace operation. In the reducing environment, pot liner is oxidized while the iron oxides are reduced to produce iron and a slag substantially free of cyanide compositions and fluorides. An off-gas including carbon oxides and fluorine is treated in an air pollution control system with an afterburner and a scrubber to produce NaF, water and a gas vented to the atmosphere free of cyanide compositions, fluorine and CO.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: William K. O'Connor, Paul C. Turner, Gerald W. Addison
  • Patent number: 6486593
    Abstract: There has been invented an apparatus for acceleration of a plasma having coaxially positioned, constant diameter, cylindrical electrodes which are modified to converge (for a positive polarity inner electrode and a negatively charged outer electrode) at the plasma output end of the annulus between the electrodes to achieve improved particle flux per unit of power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Zhehui Wang, Cris W. Barnes
  • Patent number: 6482380
    Abstract: A new microporous crystalline molecular sieve material having the formula Cs3TiSi3O95•3H2O and its hydrothermally condensed phase, Cs2TiSi6O15, are disclosed. The microporous material can adsorb divalent ions of radionuclides or other industrial metals such as chromium, nickel, lead, copper, cobalt, zinc, cadmium, barium, and mercury, from aqueous or hydrocarbon solutions. The adsorbed metal ions can be leached out for recovery purposes or the microporous material can be hydrothermally condensed to a radiation resistant, structurally and chemically stable phase which can serve as a storage waste form for radionuclides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventors: Tina M. Nenoff, May D. Nyman
  • Patent number: 6479826
    Abstract: A device for detecting neutrons includes a semi-insulated bulk semiconductor substrate having opposed polished surfaces. A blocking Schottky contact comprised of a series of metals such as Ti, Pt, Au, Ge, Pd, and Ni is formed on a first polished surface of the semiconductor substrate, while a low resistivity (“ohmic”) contact comprised of metals such as Au, Ge, and Ni is formed on a second, opposed polished surface of the substrate. In one embodiment, n-type low resistivity pinout contacts comprised of an Au/Ge based eutectic alloy or multi-layered Pd/Ge/Ti/Au are also formed on the opposed polished surfaces and in contact with the Schottky and ohmic contacts. Disposed on the Schottky contact is a neutron reactive film, or coating, for detecting neutrons. The coating is comprised of a hydrogen rich polymer, such as a polyolefin or paraffin; lithium or lithium fluoride; or a heavy metal fissionable material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Raymond T. Klann, Douglas S. McGregor
  • Patent number: 6474923
    Abstract: This invention generally relates to the remote removal of pelletized samples from cylindrical containment capsules. V-blocks are used to receive the samples and provide guidance to push out rods. Stainless steel liners fit into the v-channels on the v-blocks which permits them to be remotely removed and replaced or cleaned to prevent cross contamination between capsules and samples. A capsule holder securely holds the capsule while allowing manual up/down and in/out movement to align each sample hole with the v-blocks. Both end sections contain identical v-blocks; one that guides the drive out screw and rods or manual push out rods and the other to receive the samples as they are driven out of the capsule.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: John L. Biernat
  • Patent number: 6475310
    Abstract: A method for producing oxidation-resistant austenitic alloys for use at temperatures below 800° C. comprising of: providing an alloy comprising, by weight %: 14-18% chromium, 15-18% nickel, 1-3% manganese, 1-2% molybdenum, 2-4% silicon, 0% aluminum and the balance being iron; heating the alloy to 800° C. for between 175-250 hours prior to use in order to form a continuous silicon oxide film and another oxide film. The method provides a means of producing stainless steels with superior oxidation resistance at temperatures above 700° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: John S. Dunning, David E. Alman
  • Patent number: 6472579
    Abstract: Solidification of liquid radioactive waste, and other hazardous wastes, is accomplished by the method of the invention by incorporating the waste into a porous glass crystalline molded block. The porous block is first loaded with the liquid waste and then dehydrated and exposed to thermal treatment at 50-1,000° C. The porous glass crystalline molded block consists of glass crystalline hollow microspheres separated from fly ash (cenospheres), resulting from incineration of fossil plant coals. In a preferred embodiment, the porous glass crystalline blocks are formed from perforated cenospheres of grain size −400+50, wherein the selected cenospheres are consolidated into the porous molded block with a binder, such as liquid silicate glass. The porous blocks are then subjected to repeated cycles of saturating with liquid waste, and drying, and after the last cycle the blocks are subjected to calcination to transform the dried salts to more stable oxides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventors: Alexander G. Anshits, Tatiana A. Vereshchagina, Elena N. Voskresenskaya, Eduard M. Kostin, Vyacheslav F. Pavlov, Yurii A. Revenko, Alexander A. Tretyakov, Olga M. Sharonova, Albert S. Aloy, Natalia V. Sapozhnikova, Dieter A. Knecht, Troy J. Tranter, Yevgeny Macheret
  • Patent number: 6469781
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for determining the presence of molecules in a gas at concentrations of less than about 100 ppb. Light having wavelengths in the range from about 200 nm to about 350 nm is used to illuminate a flowing sample of the gas causing the molecules if present to form clusters. A mixture of the illuminated gas and a vapor is cooled until the vapor is supersaturated so that there is a small rate of homogeneous nucleation. The supersaturated vapor condenses on the clusters thus causing the clusters to grow to a size sufficient to be counted by light scattering and then the clusters are counted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Joseph L. Katz, Heikki Lihavainen, Markus M. Rudek, Brian C. Salter
  • Patent number: 6468445
    Abstract: The present invention relates to solvents, and methods, for selectively extracting and recovering radionuclides, especially cesium and strontium, rare earths and actinides from liquid radioactive wastes. More specifically, the invention relates to extracting agent solvent compositions comprising complex organoboron compounds, substituted polyethylene glycols, and neutral organophosphorus compounds in a diluent. The preferred solvent comprises a chlorinated cobalt dicarbollide, diphenyl-dibutylmethylenecarbamoylphosphine oxide, PEG-400, and a diluent of phenylpolyfluoroalkyl sulfone. The invention also provides a method of using the invention extracting agents to recover cesium, strontium, rare earths and actinides from liquid radioactive waste.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Valeriy Nicholiavich Romanovskiy, Igor V. Smirnov, Vasiliy A. Babain, Terry A. Todd, Ken N. Brewer
  • Patent number: 6462605
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for generating low-jitter, high-voltage and high-current pulses for driving low impedance loads such as detonator fuses uses a MOSFET driver which, when triggered, discharges a high-voltage pre-charged capacitor into the primary of a toroidal current-multiplying transformer with multiple isolated secondary windings. The secondary outputs are suitable for driving an array of thyristors that discharge a precharged high-voltage capacitor and thus generating the required high-voltage and high-current pulse.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Roy L. Hanks
  • Patent number: 6444162
    Abstract: An open-cell glass crystalline porous material made from hollow microspheres which are cenospheres obtained from fly ash, having an open-cell porosity of up to 90 vol. % is produced. The cenospheres are separated into fractions based on one or more of grain size, density, magnetic or non-magnetic, and perforated or non-perforated. Selected fractions are molded and agglomerated by sintering with a binder at a temperature below the softening temperature, or without a binder at a temperature about, or above, the softening temperature but below the temperature of liquidity. The porous material produced has an apparent density of 0.3-0.6 g/cm3, a compressive strength in the range of 1.2-3.5 MPa, and two types of openings: through-flow wall pores in the cenospheres of 0.1-30 micrometers, and interglobular voids between the cenospheres of 20-100 micrometers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Alexander G. Anshits, Olga M. Sharonova, Tatiana A. Vereshchagina, Irina D. Zykova, Yurii A. Revenko, Alexander A. Tretyakov, Albert S. Aloy, Rem I. Lubtsev, Dieter A. Knecht, Troy J. Tranter, Yevgeny Macheret
  • Patent number: 6445024
    Abstract: The fabrication of ferromagnet-insulator-ferromagnet magnetic tunneling junction devices using a ramp-edge geometry based on, e.g., (La0.7Sr0.3) MnO3, ferromagnetic electrodes and a SrTiO3 insulator is disclosed. The maximum junction magnetoresistance (JMR) as large as 23% was observed below 300 Oe at low temperatures (T<100 K). These ramp-edge junctions exhibited JMR of 6% at 200 K with a field less than 100 Oe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventors: Chuhee Kwon, Quanxi Jia
  • Patent number: 6427791
    Abstract: A drill bit assembly is provided for releasably retaining a polycrystalline diamond compact drill bit cutter. Two adjacent cavities formed in a drill bit body house, respectively, the disc-shaped drill bit cutter and a wedge-shaped cutter lock element with a removable fastener. The cutter lock element engages one flat surface of the cutter to retain the cutter in its cavity. The drill bit assembly thus enables the cutter to be locked against axial and/or rotational movement while still providing for easy removal of a worn or damaged cutter. The ability to adjust and replace cutters in the field reduces the effect of wear, helps maintains performance and improves drilling efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: David A. Glowka, David W. Raymond
  • Patent number: 6429020
    Abstract: A sensor for detecting the flame occurring during a flashback condition in the fuel nozzle of a lean premix combustion system is presented. The sensor comprises an electrically isolated flashback detection electrode and a guard electrode, both of which generate electrical fields extending to the walls of the combustion chamber and to the walls of the fuel nozzle. The sensor is positioned on the fuel nozzle center body at a location proximate the entrance to the combustion chamber of the gas turbine combustion system. The sensor provides 360° detection of a flashback inside the fuel nozzle, by detecting the current conducted by the flame within a time frame that will prevent damage to the gas turbine combustion system caused by the flashback condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Jimmy Dean Thornton, George Alan Richards, Douglas L. Straub, Eric Arnold Liese, John Lee Trader, Jr., George Edward Fasching
  • Patent number: 6422568
    Abstract: An improved mechanical seal assembly is provided for sealing rotating shafts with respect to their shaft housings, wherein the rotating shafts are subject to substantial axial vibrations. The mechanical seal assembly generally includes a rotating sealing ring fixed to the shaft, a non-rotating sealing ring adjacent to and in close contact with the rotating sealing ring for forming an annular seal about the shaft, and a mechanical diode element that applies a biasing force to the non-rotating sealing ring by means of hemispherical joint. The alignment of the mechanical diode with respect to the sealing rings is maintained by a series of linear bearings positioned axially along a desired length of the mechanical diode. Alternative embodiments include mechanical or hydraulic amplification components for amplifying axial displacement of the non-rotating sealing ring and transfering it to the mechanical diode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Oleg M. Kotlyar
  • Patent number: 6422002
    Abstract: A method for non-thermal plasma aftertreatment of exhaust gases the method comprising the steps of providing short risetime, high frequency, high power bursts of low-duty factor microwaves sufficient to generate a plasma discharge and passing a gas to be treated through the discharge so as to cause dissociative reduction of the exhaust gases and enhanced catalyst reactivity through application of the pulsed microwave fields directly to the catalyst material sufficient to cause a polarizability catastrophe and enhanced heating of the metal crystallite particles of the catalyst, and in the presence or absence of the plasma. The invention also includes a reactor for aftertreatment of exhaust gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: John H. Whealton, Gregory R. Hanson, John M. Storey, Richard J. Raridon, Jeffrey S. Armfield, Timothy S. Bigelow, Ronald L. Graves
  • Patent number: 6403755
    Abstract: A new phosphazene-based polyester macro-molecule is provided, as is a method for producing the macro-molecule.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventors: Frederick F. Stewart, Thomas A. Luther, Mason K. Harrup
  • Patent number: 6372157
    Abstract: An improved radiation shielding material and storage systems for radioactive materials incorporating the same. The PYRolytic Uranium Compound (“PYRUC”) shielding material is preferably formed by heat and/or pressure treatment of a precursor material comprising microspheres of a uranium compound, such as uranium dioxide or uranium carbide, and a suitable binder. The PYRUC shielding material provides improved radiation shielding, thermal characteristic, cost and ease of use in comparison with other shielding materials. The shielding material can be used to form containment systems, container vessels, shielding structures, and containment storage areas, all of which can be used to house radioactive waste. The preferred shielding system is in the form of a container for storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive waste. In addition, improved methods for preparing uranium dioxide and uranium carbide microspheres for use in the radiation shielding materials are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Stephen J. Krill, Jr., Steven M. Mirsky, Alexander P. Murray
  • Patent number: 6339630
    Abstract: A sealed operator is provided for operating an internal locking control element for a closure head for the inner container in a dual container hazardous waste storage system. The operator includes a cylindrical housing in which a bushing/operator element assembly is mounted for translational movement. The latter assembly includes a cylindrical bushing sealingly mounted in the housing, a spherical bearing assembly including an annular outer bearing press fit within the bushing and an annular inner bearing. An operator element is press fit within the inner surface of the inner bearing. The operator element includes a driving head which engages the locking control element for the closure head of the inner container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Michael S. Hartley
  • Patent number: 6335756
    Abstract: The present invention is a miniature videoprobe system having a probe termination box, a strong back, and a videoprobe housing. The videoprobe system is able to obtain images from a restricted space at least as small as 0.125″ while producing a high quality image. The strong back has a hockey stick shape with the probe termination box connecting to the top of the handle-like portion of the hockey stick and the videoprobe housing attaching to the opposite end or nose of the hockey stick shape. The videoprobe housing has a roughly arrowhead shape with two thin steel plates sandwiching the internal components there between. The internal components are connected in series to allow for a minor dimension of the videoprobe housing of 0.110″. The internal components include an optics train, a CCD chip, and an electronics package. An electrical signal is transmitted from the electronics package through wiring within an internal channel of the strong back to the probe termination box.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Lester R. Hale, Kyle M. McMurry