Abstract: A system and method for recognizing a stagnation state for a vehicle are disclosed in which a running characteristic pattern of the vehicle is derived on the basis of running parameters such as the vehicle speed, acceleration of the vehicle, and deceleration of the vehicle, and whether the running characteristic pattern substantially coincides with a running characteristic pattern peculiar to a state in which the vehicle runs in the stagnation state.
Abstract: An ERF (electrorheopectic fluid) filled engine mount has a main working chamber and first and second auxiliary chambers. An orifice passage structure provides fluid communication between the main and first auxiliary chambers. A first set of electrode plates are disposed in the orifice passage structure in a manner which permits the viscosity of the ERF to be selectively controlled. The first auxiliary chamber exhibits a relatively small expansive spring characteristic. A transfer port provides fluid communication between the main working chamber and the second auxiliary chamber. The second auxiliary chamber exhibits a relatively large expansive spring characteristic and functions to attenuate relatively high frequency vibration. An on/off type valve device is disposed in the transfer port.
Abstract: A system and method for automatically controlling a vehicle speed to a desired cruise speed for an automatic transmission equipped vehicle are disclosed in which a shift gear position range of the transmission in which the same gear ratio is charged is extended wider than a normal region determined on the basis of an opening angle of an engine throttle valve and vehicle speed during a control of the opening angle of the throttle valve to maintain the vehicle speed at a set vehicle speed so that a shift down and/or shift up which would normally occur at the same condition is not carried out.
Abstract: A unified control device for engine and automatic transmission of an automotive vehicles serves to alleviate a racing select shock which occurs upon engagement of a driving clutch in the transmission when selecting a running range of the transmission to start the vehicle with an accelerator pedal depressed. The control device achieves a reduction control during changeover of the transmission into a running range from a racing state, to reduce at least one parameter representing the output power to be transmitted from the engine to driving wheels via the transmission, such as engine speed, engine output and/or transfer torque capacity of the clutch, etc. The reduction control is stopped as soon as the completion of engagement of the driving clutch has been detected, to allow the vehicle to be started without engine stalling.
Abstract: A system and a method for detecting an engine revolution speed, identifying engine cylinders, and controlling an engine operation according to the detected engine revolution speed and identified engine cylinders in which a crank angle sensor includes a rotor plate which rotates in synchronization with a rotation of an engine crankshaft, a plurality of first slits whose number corresponds to the number of cylinders and which are mutually arranged at equal intervals along the circumferential direction of the rotor plate, and second slit, both first and second slits being aligned on the same circumferential direction, the sensor outputting a pulse train signal including a first signal corresponding to a first crank angle position before a top dead center in a compression stroke and a second signal corresponding to a second crank angle position after the top dead center in the compression stroke of a first engine cylinder and a microcomputer executes a fuel injection quantity and/or ignition timing control on the
Abstract: An electronic odo/trip meter for automobiles has a display for displaying a travel distance, a counter for enumerating the travel distance data, a non-volatile memory which is provided in the counter so as to prevent elimination of the travel distance data, and a control circuit which controls data transfer and includes a first detection circuit for detecting voltage-drop of a power supply and a second detection circuit for detecting resumption of the power supply. In the device according to the invention, the travel distance data of the counter can be stored in the non-volatile memory only when the first detection circuit detects a drop in the power supply, and the travel distance data of the non-volatile memory can be transferred into the counter only when the second detection circuit detects the resumption of the power supply.
Abstract: A multi-cylinder 2 cycle engine having n cylinders has fuel injected and ignited at (n-1).times.360/n crank angle intervals. This induces the situation wherein combustions occur in each cylinder at n-1 cycle intervals. This provides at least one piston stroke for each cylinder during in which no combustion takes place and fresh air is pumped through the combustion chamber in a manner to scavenge residual combustion gases therefrom.
Abstract: A system and method for automatically controlling a vehicle speed to a desired cruise speed are disclosed in which a vehicle speed sensor which output an analog quantity corresponding to a current vehicle speed is provided, a vehicle speed determining circuit which derives the current vehicle speed on the basis of the analog quantity derived from the vehicle speed sensor and determines whether the derived current vehicle speed is below a predetermined speed above which the cruise speed control run is appropriate is furthermore provided independently of a control unit of the system. When the vehicle speed determining circuit outputs a determination signal indicating that the current vehicle speed is below the predetermined speed and the control unit outputs a predetermined control command signal, a power supply line connected to a throttle valve actuator is, at first, interrupted. Then, the power supply to the control unit is interrupted.
Abstract: A suspension control system for automotive vehicles automatically adjusts the damping strength of variable shock absorbers or other dampers in accordance with road surface conditions as recognized by frequency analysis of a vehicle height or vibration sensor signal. The sensor signal reflects vertical displacement of the vehicle body from the road surface and includes high-frequency components due solely to displacement of the wheels or unsprung mass relative to the road surface and low-frequency components due to displacement of the vehicle body or sprung mass. The sensor signal is filtered into these separate frequency bands, the amplitude of each of which is compared to a corresponding reference level.
Abstract: For use on automobiles, the invention provides a compact device for measuring the concentration of a nitrogen oxide in a combustion gas such as an exhaust gas of an internal combustion gas. The device has an ion pumping cell using an oxygen ion conductive solid electrolyte to adjust the partial pressure of oxygen in a gas diffusion chamber and a sensor such as an oxygen concentration cell using a solid electrolyte to detect the partial pressure of oxygen in the chamber. The pumping cell or the concentration cell is provided with a catalyst which decomposes the nitrogen oxide in the diffusion chamber only when the partial pressure of coexisting oxygen is sufficiently low.
Abstract: A baffle assembly for a fuel tank includes a baffle frame formed with an opening and a baffle member installed in the opening. The baffle member is formed from a mass of synthetic resin strings which are joined collectively into a sponge-like structure.
July 30, 1990
Date of Patent:
July 16, 1991
Nissan Motor Company, Ltd., Yamakawa Industrial Co., Ltd.
Abstract: A vibration damping device disposed between a vibrating body such as an internal combustion engine and a base such as a vehicular chassis, comprises an accelerometer which is mounted on the vibrating body and detects an acceleration in the vertical direction of the vibrating body, and a control unit which controls the viscosity of rheopectic fluid within a flow restricting member disposed in the damping device in response to an acceleration signal from the accelerometer. The control unit operates in such a manner that, when the control unit receives an acceleration signal whose value is smaller than a preset value, voltage is applied to the electrodes disposed in the flow restricting member and as a result the dynamic damping effect is gained.
Abstract: Wall surfaces which define essentially circular recesses are constructed to deflect the flow of burning gases from a swirl chamber in a manner to either tighten the swirl formed therein or to improve the initial splitting of the frame in a manner which increases the amount of gases which are induced to undergo swirling in the recesses.
Abstract: An automatic air conditioning system for automotive vehicles with a variable displacement compressor comprises a sensor for detecting an intake air temperature, defined by a temperature of air flowing through an evaporator, placed just behind the evaporator, an intake pressure sensor for detecting an intake manifold pressure, and a CPU for determining whether the cooling requirements of the evaporator are satisfied on the basis of the intake air temperature compared to a predetermined value. The CPU controls the compressor in such a manner that the discharge volume of refrigerant discharged from the compressor is decreased only when the cooling requirements are met. Thus, the automatic air conditioning system prevents uncomfortably warm conditioned air from being discharged through a vent door under acceleration conditions.
Abstract: An air-bag device includes an air-bag proper mounted to a center pad of a steering wheel, the air-bag proper having therein upper and lower portions with respect to a condition wherein the air-bag proper is practically expanded; an inflator having gas blow openings exposed to the interior of the air-bag proper, the inflator generating gases which are to be blown into the air-bag proper through the gas blow openings; a trimmed cover covering the air-bag proper in a folded up condition; an ignitor for actuating the inflator to generate the gases; and a unique structure for restricting a flowing of the gases toward the upper part of the air-bag proper.
Abstract: An intake manifold for a multi-cylinder internal combustion engine of the type wherein blow-by gas and/or EGR gas is supplied to engine cylinders. The intake manifold comprises a plurality of branch runners each of which has a flange section fixedly secured to a cylinder head of the engine. A rib section integrally bridges the flange sections of the adjacent branch runners and is formed therein with a gas passage through which blow-by gas or EGR gas flows. The gas passage is communicated with the intake air passages of the adjacent branch runners so that the blow-by gas or EGR gas is uniformly distributed into the adjacent branch runners.
Abstract: A V-type engine includes first and second camshafts rotatably mounted to cylinder heads, respectively. A first chain drivingly interconnects a crankshaft and the first camshaft, whereas a second chain drivingly interconnects the crankshaft and the second camshaft. First and second tensioners provide the tensions to the first and second chains, respectively. For concealing the first and second chains, the engine has a cover formed with two openings positioned in accordance with the first and second tensioners.
Abstract: In order to facilitate rapid automatic set up and adjustment of a robotic assembly arrangement in a manner which produces the required precision, pre-recorded data and expert system software are teamed together and used to set robotic support jigs and move panels into position against the body they are to be attached to. The position of the panels is determined using a laser scanning technique and feedback control used to adjust the robots and associated hardware and move the panel or panels in the case there is a deviation beyond acceptable tolerances in a manner which either reduces or eliminates the deviation.
Abstract: In a DOHC engine, a sprocket chamber is formed at the cylinder head at one end thereof, and formed with a lateral opening. A timing chain drivingly interconnects a crankshaft and an idler gear, whereas a camshaft driving chain drivingly interconnects the idler gear and a pair of cam sprockets. A first tensioner is mounted to a cylinder block for adjusting the tension of the timing chain, whereas a second tensioner is mounted to the sprocket chamber for adjusting the tension of the camshaft driving chain. There are provided means for defining an access to the first tensioner.
Abstract: A system and method for automatically controlling a vehicle speed to a desired cruise speed are disclosed in which when the vehicle speed is reduced by a first predetermined value from a set and stored cruise speed at which the vehicle is cruising during the operation of the automatic cruise control, the gear range of a vehicular transmission is shifted down and simultaneously the set and stored cruise speed is updated to reduce the set and stored cruise speed by a second predetermined value so that the vehicle speed coincides with the updated cruise speed. In addition, after a predetermined time has elapsed, the gear range is shifted up and the updated cruise speed is returned to the original cruise speed.