Patents Examined by Bruce Breneman
  • Patent number: 6187688
    Abstract: After an organic bottom anti-reflective coating (12) is deposited on an underlying film (11), a resist pattern (15) is formed on the organic bottom anti-reflective coating (12). Dry etching is performed with respect to the organic bottom anti-reflective coating (12) masked with the resist pattern (15) to form an anti-reflective coating pattern. The dry-etching of the organic bottom anti-reflective coating (12) is performed by using etching gas containing gas having the S component such as SO2/O2-based etching gas or COS/O2-based etching gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2001
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mitsuhiro Ohkuni, Shunsuke Kugo, Tomoyuki Sasaki, Kenji Tateiwa, Hideo Nikoh
  • Patent number: 6180020
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a polishing method using a grindstone comprising abrasive grains and a bonding resin for bonding the abrasive grains, as well as to a polishing apparatus to be used for the polishing method. By using a resin for bonding abrasive grains, it is possible to obtain a grindstone having a desired modulus of elasticity. With such a grindstone, the surface of a substrate having concave and convex portions can be rendered uniformly flat, irrespective of the size of the concave and convex portions. Further, by first polishing the substrate surface with a polishing tool of a small elastic modulus and thereafter polishing it with a polishing tool of a large elastic modulus, it is possible to obtain a polished surface of reduced damage. The method of the invention is effective in planarizing various substrate surfaces having concave and convex portions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2001
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shigeo Moriyama, Katsuhiko Yamaguchi, Yoshio Homma, Sunao Matsubara, Yoshihiro Ishida, Ryousei Kawa-ai
  • Patent number: 6180018
    Abstract: A method for producing an ink jet printing head comprising a substrate having plural discharge energy generating elements for generating energy to be utilized for discharging an ink and a ceiling plate of a resinous material to be joined to the substrate to constitute, between the ceiling plate and the substrate, ink paths including discharge openings for discharging the ink and plural grooves communicating with the discharge openings and formed in positions corresponding respectively to the discharge energy generating elements is provided which comprises the steps of preparing the substrate provided with the plural discharge energy generating elements, positioning and contacting the ceiling plate and the substrate in such a manner that the discharge energy generating elements are respectively positioned in the grooves, and thermally fusing the contacting portions of the ceiling plate with the substrate while pressing the substrate and the ceiling plate in the positioned state, thereby joining the substrate a
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2001
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masashi Miyagawa, Hiroshi Sugitani, Kazuaki Masuda, Masashi Kitani, Masami Kasamoto, Toshihiro Mori, Shuji Koyama, Genji Inada, Masaaki Okada
  • Patent number: 6171974
    Abstract: A plasma etch process for oxide having high selectivity to silicon is disclosed comprising the use of a mixture of SiF4 and one or more other fluorine-containing etch gases in an etch chamber maintained within a pressure range of from about 1 milliTorr to about 200 milliTorr. Preferably, the etch chamber also contains an exposed silicon surface. The plasma may be generated by a capacitive discharge type plasma generator, if pressures of at least about 50 milliTorr are used, but preferably the plasma is generated by an electromagnetically coupled plasma generator. The high selectivity exhibited by the etch process of the invention permits use of an electromagnetically coupled plasma generator which, in turn, permits operation of the etch process at reduced pressures of preferably from about 1 milliTorr to about 30 milliTorr resulting in the etching of vertical sidewall openings in the oxide layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2001
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey Marks, Jerry Yuen-Kui Wong, David W. Groechel, Peter R. Keswick, Chan-Lon Yang
  • Patent number: 6136711
    Abstract: A chemical mechanical polishing composition comprising a composition capable of etching tungsten and at least one inhibitor of tungsten etching and methods for using the composition to polish tungsten containing substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2000
    Assignee: Cabot Corporation
    Inventors: Steven K. Grumbine, Christopher C. Streinz, Eric W.G. Hoglund
  • Patent number: 6120640
    Abstract: A plasma etch reactor having interior surfaces facing the plasma composed of boron carbide, preferably principally composed of B.sub.4 C. The boron carbide may be a bulk sintered body or may be a layer of boron carbide coated on a chamber part. The boron carbide coating may be applied by thermal spraying, such as plasma spraying, by chemical vapor deposition, or by other layer forming technique such as a surface converting reaction. The boron carbide is highly resistant to high-density plasma etchants such as BCl.sub.3. The plasma sprayed coating is advantageously applied to only a portion of an anodized aluminum wall. The boron carbide may be sprayed over the exposed portion of the aluminum over which the anodization has been removed. A band of the aluminum substrate at the transition between the anodization and the boron carbide is roughened prior to anodization so that the boron carbide sticks to the correspondingly roughened surface of the anodization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2000
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Hong Shih, Nianci Han, Steve S. Y. Mak, Gerald Zheyao Yin
  • Patent number: 6113699
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a method of forming a barrier layer for contacting a metal interconnect layer to one or more exposed N and P type silicon regions on a wafer. The wafer is heated with a direct radiation source, such as a lamp. To equalize the differing emissivities of the N type and P type silicon regions, an opaque layer of refractory metal is first formed on the regions at a temperature below approximately 100.degree. C. A refractory metal deposition process is then conducted at temperatures between 230.degree. C.-425.degree. C. During this higher temperature deposition process, the reducing gas is ramped up with time to increase the deposition rate of the refractory metal as the exothermic reducing reactions increasingly heat the contact areas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Assignee: LSI Logic Corporation
    Inventor: Keith J. Hansen
  • Patent number: 6112695
    Abstract: A gas inlet, which also serves as a counter electrode, is located inside of a vacuum chamber made of an electrically insulating material. A container is mounted on a mandrel mounted on the gas inlet. The chamber is evacuated to a subatmospheric pressure. A process gas is then introduced into the container through the gas inlet. The process gas is ionized by coupling RF power to a main electrode located adjacent an exterior surface of the chamber and to the gas inlet which deposits a plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) thin film onto the interior surface of the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Assignee: Nano Scale Surface Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: John T. Felts
  • Patent number: 6110289
    Abstract: A novel rapid thermal process (RTP) barrel reactor processes a larger batch of semiconductor substrates than was previously possible. The RTP barrel reactor is characterized by a short process cycle time in comparison to the same process cycle time in a conventional CVD barrel reactor. A rapid heat-up of the substrates is one of the keys to the shorter process cycle times of the RTP barrel reactor. The RTP barrel reactor utilizes a radiant heat source in combination with a heat controller that includes an open-loop controller for heat-up and a closed-loop controller for deposition as well as a new energy stabilizer to achieve heating a larger energy stabilizer and volume to a uniform processing temperature in times characteristic of RTP reactors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2000
    Assignee: Moore Epitaxial, Inc.
    Inventor: Gary M. Moore
  • Patent number: 6106622
    Abstract: Apparatus responsive to an input image for forming an optical structure such as a lens array on a receiver including a fluid delivery chamber having a fluid capable of forming the optical structure. The apparatus enables the fluid chamber to deliver fluid to the receiver to form the optical structure; fluid channel for delivering fluid to the fluid delivery chamber; and fluid flow regulation for regulating the fluid flow to the fluid delivery chamber and from the delivery chamber to the receiver in response to the values of the input image and for positioning the receiver relative to the delivery chamber so as to form the desired optical structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2000
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Xin Wen
  • Patent number: 6099687
    Abstract: A small, light-weight and highly maintainable etching system and an etching method for etching a large substrate with a homogeneous etching rate are provided. The etching system comprises an agitating electric field system disposed around the substrate, an agitating power source of high frequency, medium frequency or low frequency, agitating electrodes, amplifiers and a phase controller to agitate electrons or ions to increase the etching speed and the uniformity of the etching rate by promoting activation of reactive gas and uniformalizing a plasma density.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2000
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Shunpei Yamazaki
  • Patent number: 6090208
    Abstract: Plugging of the effluent line of an apparatus comprising CVD chamber is prevented or substantially reduced by injecting a hot gas into the effluent line during processing. In CVD tungsten processing, including preconditioning the reaction chamber, deposition, and cleaning, a hot gas, such as dried air or nitrogen, is injected into the effluent line downstream of the vacuum pump to maintain the temperature of the internal walls of the effluent line below that at which condensation of WOF.sub.4 occurs. In another embodiment, periodic high bursts of a hot gas into the effluent line removes WO.sub.3 deposits proximate the inlet of the downstream wet scrubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Assignee: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
    Inventor: Leon M. Han
  • Patent number: 6089181
    Abstract: In a plasma etching apparatus, a process gas is supplied into a process chamber and converted into plasma by means of RF discharge, and a semiconductor wafer placed on a lower electrode is etched by the plasma. An RF power supply mechanism is connected to the lower electrode for applying thereto a superposed RF power for forming an RF electric field in the process chamber. The RF power supply mechanism has first and second RF power supplies for respectively oscillating a low frequency RF component and a high frequency RF component having a higher frequency than the low frequency RF component. The high frequency RF component from the second frequency RF component supply has its wave form modulated by a modulator on the basis of the wave form of the low frequency RF component from the first frequency RF power supply. Thereafter, the modulated high frequency RF component and the low frequency RF component are superposed upon each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Assignee: Tokyo Electron Limited
    Inventors: Tomoki Suemasa, Tsuyoshi Ono, Kouichiro Inazawa
  • Patent number: 6089183
    Abstract: In performing plasma etching or plasma CVD, a gas containing an interhalogen compound gas or a XeF.sub.2 gas is used as a process gas. Such a process gas generates, in the state of non-plasma and with activation energy lower than a specified level, a volatile material from a deposition species generated in the above etching so as to contribute to the suppression of film formation. For example, the XeF.sub.2 gas, a BrF.sub.3 gas, a BrCl gas are used in the cases of etching a silicon dioxide film, a silicide film, and a polysilicon film, respectively. On the surface of a substrate is formed a non-volatile protective film so as to improve the profiles of an opening. At the wall surface of a reaction chamber which is barely influenced by the plasma, the deposition species is turned into a volatile material (e.g., SiF.sub.4) so as to suppress the deposition of reaction products thereon. If the interhalogen compound gas, XeF.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinichi Imai, Tokuhiko Tamaki
  • Patent number: 6083419
    Abstract: A chemical mechanical polishing composition comprising a composition capable of etching tungsten and one inhibitor of tungsten etching and methods for using the composition to polish tungsten containing substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2000
    Assignee: Cabot Corporation
    Inventors: Steven K. Grumbine, Christopher C. Streinz, Eric W. G. Hoglund
  • Patent number: 6079355
    Abstract: An electrode plate assembly for installation to an etching console includes a cooling electrode plate, an aligning peg, a covering plate and a plurality of screws for coupling the electrode cooling plate and cover plate. The cooling electrode plate is formed of a metallic, disk-shaped electrode plate including an aligning peg securing hole, a plurality of first screw holes and a plurality of first vent holes. The aligning peg is located within the aligning peg securing hole and protrudes from the cooling electrode plate. The covering plate is a thin disk-shaped plate including an aligning peg receiving hole, a plurality of second screw holes and a plurality of second vent holes. Upon installation, the covering plate and the cooling electrode plate are coupled by a plurality of screws through the first and second screw holes, with the aligning peg received in the aligning peg receiving hole of the covering plate to assure proper alignment of the plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2000
    Assignee: United Microelectronics Corp.
    Inventors: Chang Ping Lou, James Ho
  • Patent number: 6074568
    Abstract: A method for diagnosing a function of plasma etching apparatuses and a method for estimating selectivity in an actual etching process in fabrication of semiconductor devices involves generating plasma of a gas mixture including halogen and oxygen in a predetermined condition. An intensity of one of first emissions from the plasma at a first wavelength and an intensity of one of second emissions from the plasma at a second wavelength is measured A ratio of the intensity of the one of first emissions to that of the one of second emissions is obtained. The obtained emission intensity ratio is compared with an emission intensity ratio which is previously measured for a plasma condition when the plasma etching apparatus operates normally.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2000
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kouichiro Adachi, Satoshi Morishita, Kazuo Sugimoto
  • Patent number: 6071343
    Abstract: A heat treatment jig with a silicon carbide coating for production of a semiconductor includes a base material and a silicon carbide film formed on the surface of the base material by a CVD method. The silicon carbide film is formed from a plurality of layers substantially parallel to the surface of the base material, and at least one of the layers is formed as a nucleus formation layer while the other layers are formed as ordinary crystal layers so that crystal growth between the ordinary crystal layers across the nucleus formation layer is discontinuous while crystal growth of the silicon carbide in the ordinary crystal layers are continuous in a direction of thickness of the ordinary crystal layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2000
    Assignee: Toshiba Ceramics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takeshi Inaba, Shuichi Takeda, Shigeo Kato, Yasumi Sasaki, Yukio Ito, Masanori Sato
  • Patent number: 6070550
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for depositing a halogen-doped oxide film having a low dielectric constant that is resistant to moisture absorption and outgassing of the halogen dopant, and that retains these qualities despite subsequent processing steps. The method begins by introducing process gases (including a halogen-containing source gas) into a processing chamber. A halogen-doped layer is then deposited. The combination of process gases is then changed and a sealing layer deposited which seals the dopant into the halogen-doped layer. The sealing layer may, for example, be a carbon-rich layer or an undoped layer. These steps are repeated until the film reaches a selected thickness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2000
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Kramadhati V. Ravi, Maciek Orczyk
  • Patent number: 6066230
    Abstract: A [work] workpiece processing apparatus and a [work] workpiece measuring method are provided in which a [work] workpiece can be processed or planarized without decreasing a processing rate and/or an operating rate of the apparatus. The apparatus can be reduced in size, and can measure the state of planarization of the [work] workpiece at a high degree of accuracy. The apparatus includes a rotatable surface plate, and a carrier 6 for swinging or oscillating a [work] workpiece 200 in a radial direction of the surface plate 1 while pressing the [work] workpiece 200 against the surface plate 1. The surface plate 1 is divided into an inner surface plate member 11, an intermediate surface plate member 12, and an outer surface plate member 13 which are all disposed in a concentric relation and rotatable independently of each other. The intermediate surface plate member 12 is disposed between the inner and outer surface plate members 11 and 13.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2000
    Assignee: Speedfam Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hatsuyuki Arai